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Full text of "Royal naval biography : or Memoirs of the services of all the flag-officers, superannuated rear-admirals, retired-captains, post-captains and commanders, whose names appeared on the Admiralty list of sea officers at the commencement of the year, or who have since been promoted; illustrated by a series of historical and explanatory notes. With copious addenda"

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VT    ^f 

ROYAL 

NAVAL    BIOGRAPHY; 

OR, 

;£Hemoft0  of  tfjc  g>ertrite£ 

OP  ALL  THE 

FLAG-OFFICERS, 

SUPERANNUATED  REAR-ADMIRALS, 
RETIRED-CAPTAINS, 

POST-CAPTAINS, 
AND   COMMANDERS, 

Whose  Names  appeared  on  the  Admiralty  List  of  Sea  Officers  at  the  commence- 
ment of  the  late  year,  or  who  have  since  been  promoted  ; 

Illustrated  by  a  Series  of 

HISTORICAL  AND  EXPLANATORY  NOTES, 

Which  will  be  found  to  contain  an  account  of  all  the 

NAVAL  ACTIONS,  AND  OTHER  IMPORTANT  EVENTS, 

FROM  THE  COMMENCEMENT  OF  THE  LATE  REIGN,  IN  1/60, 
TO  THE  PRESENT  PERIOD. 

WITH  COPIOUS  ADDENDA. 


By  JOHN  MARSHALL    (B), 

LIEUTENANT  IN  THE  HOYAL  NAVY. 


"  Failures,  however  frequent,  may  admit  of  extenuation  and  apology.  To  have  attempted 
much  is  always  laudable,  even  when  the  enterprise  is  above  the  strength  that  undertakes  it. 
To  deliberate  whenever  I  doubted,  to  enquire  whenever  1  was  ignorant,  would  have  protracted 
the  undertaking  without  end,  and  perhaps  without  improvement.  I  saw  that  one  enquiry  only 
gave  occasion  to  another,  that  book  referred  to  book,  that  to  search  was  not  always  to  find,  and 
to  find  was  not  always  to  be  informed ;  and  that  thus  to  pursue  perfection,  was,  like  the  first 
inhabitants  of  Arcadia,  to  chase  the  sun,  which,  when  they  had  reached  the  hill  where  he 
seemed  to  rest,  was  still  beheld  at  the  same  distance  from  them."  Johnson. 


VOL.  II. 


Eoafcon : 


PRINTED  FOR  LONGMAN,  HURST,  REES,  ORME,  BROWN,  AND  GREEN, 
PATERNOSTER  ROW. 

1824. 


DA 


i. 


W.  P«plet  Printer, 
Gf,  C.u  in  ery  Lane. 


ROYAL  NAVAL  BIOGRAPHY ; 

VOL.  II. 

CONTAINING  MEMOIRS  OF 

ALL    THE 

SUPERANNUATED  REAR-ADMIRALS, 

RETIRED  AND  OTHER 

POST-CAPTAINS 

OF 

HIS   MAJESTY'S   FLEET, 

WHOSE  NAMES  APPEARED  ON  THE  ADMIRALTY  LIST  OF  SEA 

OFFICERS,  AT  THE  COMMENCEMENT  OF  1823,  OR 

WHO  HAVE  SINCE  BEEN  PROMOTED. 


ll 


CONTENTS  OF  VOL.  II.— PART  I. 


SUPERANNUATED  REAR-ADMIRALS. 


Page 

Barlow,  Sir  Robert  44 

Bazely,  John  27 

Brooking,  Samuel  38 

Bullen,  Joseph  34 

Carthew,  William  9 

Chambers,  William  -        -                 4 

Cooke,  John  17 

Dacres,  Richard  29 

Dawson,  John  22 

Dobson,  Man  33 

Evans,  Henry     -  -         -                41 

Fraser,  Percy  47 

Goldesbrough,  Thomas  7 

Graves,  David  ...        2 

Graves,  Richard  2 

Hunter,  Laucblan  7 


Ingram,  Nicholas 
Kendall,  John 
Miller,  Simon     - 
Monkton,  John 
Ogilvy,  Sir  William 
Peard,  Shuldham 
Pearse,  Thomas 
Preston,  D'Arcy 
Smith,  Isaac 
Stow,  David 
Tatham,  Sandford 
Warre,  Henry     - 
Watkins,  Frederick 
Willis,  Richard 
Wilson,  Alexander 


Page 

1 

28 

12 

42 

23 

34 

33 

5 

7 

9 

8 

9 

8 

28 


RETIRED  CAPTAINS. 


Arden,  Samuel           V'  73 

Bowen,  James  94 

Boyle,  Hon.  Courtenay  -         -     104 

Browell,  William  92 

Carlyon,  William  70 

Creyke,  Richard  72 

Cunningham,  Charles  -        -      75 
Edge,  William    ....       93 

Fanshawe,  Robert        -  -               49 

Fortescue,  Hon.  Matthew  -        -      71 

George,  Sir  Rupert  70 

Gibson,  John  73 

Grevillc,  William  Fulke  -        -      73 


Grey,  Hon.  Sir  George 
Hamond,  Sir  Andrew  Snape 
Hartwell,  Sir  Francis  John 
Inglefield,  John  N. 
Larkan,  Robert 
Middleton,  Robert  Gambier 
Milbanke,  Ralph 
Millar,  John       « 
Pattern,  Charles 
Shield,  William 
Smith,  Matthew 
Wolley,  Isaac 


CONTENTS. 


POST-  CAP  TAINS. 


Adam,  Charles 

Astle,  George     - 

Austen,  Francis  William      - 

Ballard,  Volant  Vashon 

Barker,  George 

Bathurst,  Walter 

Bazely,  Henry 

Bowyer,  Richard  Runwa     - 

Brace,  Edward 

Brenton,  Sir  Jahleel       ..  \\ 

Brings,'  Thomas 

Brisbane,  Sir  James 

Broke,  Sir  Philip  Bowes  Vere 

Broughton,  John 

Campbell,  Charles 

Campbell,  Patrick 

Capel,  Hon.  Thomas  Bladen 

Carthew,  James 

Chesshyre,  John 

Cumberland,  William 

Curry,  Richard 

Dash  wood,  Charles 

Devonshire,  John  Ferris 

Dicksbn,  Edward  Stirling    - 

Downman,  Hugh ' 

DrumYnond,  Adam 

Dundas,  Thomas 

Dnndas,  Hon.  George  H.  L. 

Evans,  Andrew  Fitzherbert 

Feilding,  Charles 

Fitzgerald,  Robert  Lewis      - 

Forster,  Samuel  Peter 

Fowke,  George 

Garrett,  Henry 

Granger,  William 

Grant,  Charles 

Hall,  Robert       - 

Halliday,  Michael 

Hainond,  Graham  Eden 

Hanwell,  William 

Hardy,  Sir  Thomas  Masterman 

Hanlyman,  Lucius      -     /XV 

Hay,  John  Baker        -     '   -     ' 

Heathcote,  Sir  Henry 

Hill,  Henry        -         -    .y-n,, 

Hill,  Marcus  Samuel     -  .  •&.  , 

Hollis,  Aiskew  Paffard      i<-  ., 

Honyman,  Robert 

Horton,  Joshua  Sydney 

Hoste,  Sir  William 

Junes,  Bartholomew 

Irby,  Hon.  Frederick  Paul  - 

Katon,  James 

King,  Edward  Durnford 


Page 

222  Laroche,  Christopher 

152  Lewis,  John  Mason 

274  Littlehales^Bendall  Robert 

187  Livingston,  Sir  Thomas 

221  Lloyd,  Robert    -        -        - 

239  Mackellar,  John 

260  Mackenzie,  Adam 
136  M'Kinley,  George       - 
253  Maitland,  Frederick  Lewis 

261  Maling,  Thomas  James 

417  Manby,  Thomas 
400  Mansel,  Robert 

367  Manvers,  Right  Hon.  Earl    - 

418  Matson,  Richard          -        . 
233  Mends,  Sir  Robert 

290  Mudge,Zachary         - 

195  Muudy,  George  - 

416  Nisbet,  Josiah  - 

243  O'Bryen,  Right  Hon.  Lord  James 

169  Ommanney,  John  Ac  worth 
459  Oughton,  James          - 
450  Owen,  Sir  Edward  W.  C.  R« 
411  Parker,  William 

296  Peacocke,  Richard     - 

188  Pearson,  Richard  Harrison 

240  Philpot,  Robert          - 
149  Raggett,  Richard        - 
418  Ricketts,  Tristram  Robert 

125  Rodd,  John  Tremayne         -         - 

482  Rotheram,  Edward 

181  Ryves,  George  Frederick 

151  Sayer,  George  (a) 

149  Schomberg,  Alexander  Wilmot    - 

238  Scott,  George     - 

230  Seymour,  Sir  Michael 

300  Shepard,  James  Keith 

240  Shirley,  George  James 

228  Shortland,  Thomas  George 

170  Skipsey,  William         - 
198  Stiles,  John        - 

153  Stuart,  Henry    - 
245  Thompson,  Norborne 

•  152  Thomson,  Lenox         - 
123  Tinling,  Charles          - 
319  Tomlinson,  Nicholas 

•  488  Vansittart,  Henry       - 
115  Vesey,  Francis  - 
179  Waller,  William         - 

•  247  Warren,  Frederick      - 
470  White,  John  Chambers 
181  White,  George    - 

•  488  Wolfe,  George    - 

•  448  Wollaston,  Charles     - 

•  325 


Page 
247 
324 
283 
244 
242 
214 
234 
441 
381 
302 
199 
360 
183 
213 
270 
307 
333 
184 
212 
303 
221 
126 
438 
416 
150 
289 
213 
441 
152 
298 
13(5 
350 
325 
145 
294 
150 
135 
482 
488 
228 
306 
294 
482 
362 
430 
329 
237 
327 
414 
230 
233 
310 
325 


ROYAL  NAVAL  BIOGRAPHY. 


SUPERANNUATED  REAR-ADMIRALS. 


JOHN  KENDALL,  ESQ. 

TL  HIS  officer  accompanied  the  Hon.  Captain  Byron,  in  the 
Dolphin,  of  20  guns,  on  a  voyage  of  discovery  round  the 
world,  which  was  completed  in  twenty-two  months  and  six 
days  *.  He  subsequently  served  under  the  same  commander 
on  the  coast  of  North  America,  where  he  was  promoted  to 
the  rank  of  Post-Captain,  Nov.  24,  1778 ;  since  which  time, 
we  believe,  he  has  not  been  afloat.  His  superannuation  as  a 
Rear- Admiral,  took  place  July  3,  1795. 
Residence. — Scarborough. 

*  On  the  3d  July,  1764,  the  Dolphin,  of  20  guns,  commanded  by  the 
TIou  John  Byron,  and  the  Tamar  sloop  of  war,  Captain  Patrick  Mouat, 
sailed  from  Plymouth,  on  a  voyage  of  discovery ;  and  on  the  14th  Jan. 
1765,  being  in  the  lat.  of  51e  S.,  and  long.  63°  22'  W.,  some  small  islands 
were  discovered,  in  one  of  which  was  found  a  most  excellent  harbour, 
where  the  ships  anchored.  Captain  Byron,  in  compliment  to  the  first  Lord 
of  the  Admiralty,  gave  it  the  name  of  Port  Egmont.  These  islands  were 
surveyed,  and  taken  possession  of  for  Great  Britain,  by  the  name  of  Falk- 
land's Islands.  From  hence  the  ships  proceeded  into  the  Pacific,  and  pur- 
sued their  course  to  the  N.  W.  On  the  7th  June,  in  lat.  14°  5'  S.,  long. 
144°  58'  W.,  a  cluster  of  small  islands  was  discovered,  but  every  part  of 
their  coasts  found  to  be  inaccessible,  being  bounded  by  stupendous  rocks, 
on  which  a  most  violent  surf  constantly  broke.  The  first  of  these  islands 
Captain  Byron  named  after  his  sovereign;  the  others  were  denominated 
Prince  of  Wales's  Island,  Duke  of  York's  Island,  and  the  Islands  of  Dan- 
ger. On  the  2d  July,  in  lat.  1°  18' S.,  long.  173°  46' W.,  another  island 
was  discovered,  which  the  officers  of  the  expedition,  in  compliment  to  their 
Commodore,  named  Byron's  Island.  From  the  latter  they  steered  for 
Tinian,  and  from  thence  to  Batavia,  the  Cape  of  Good  Hope,  and  England. 
They  anchored  in  the  Downs,  May  9,  1766. 

VOL.    II.  B 


2  MJPKRANM'ATRD    REAR-ADMIRALS. 

DAVID  GRAVES,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Post-Captain,  Sept.  9,  1/79; 
commanded  the  London,  a  second-rate,  bearing  the  flag  of 
Rear-Admiral  Graves,  in  the  action  off  Cape  Henry,  Sept.  5, 
1781  *;  and  was  superannuated  with  his  present  rank,  Feb. 
21,  1799.  

RICHARD  GRAVES,  ESQ. 

THE  family  of  Graves  originally  came  into  England  from 
the  province  of  Gascony,  in  France  ;  and  appear  to  have  been 
seated  at  a  mansion  house  and  estate  called  the  Greves,  or 
Graves,  in  the  parish  of  Beighley,  co.  Derby,  as  early  as  the 
reign  of  Henry  III. ;  and  from  thence  to  have  established 
themselves  at  Little  Wressil,  in  Yorkshire,  about  the  time  of 
Edward  IV. 

The  subject  of  this  memoir  is  the  son  of  a  clergyman,  and 
the  youngest  of  four  brothers,  all  born  in  the  county  of  Derry, 
who  went  to  sea  at  a  very  early  age,  and  after  a  consider- 
able length  of  services  were  advanced  to  the  rank  of  Post- 
Captains  in  the  navy.  Samuel,,  the  eldest,  commanded  the 
Sceptre,  of  64  guns,  and  greatly  distinguished  himself  in  the 
two  last  actions  between  Sir  Edward  Hughes  and  M.  de 
Suffrein,  Sept.  3,  1782,  and  June  20, 1783  f.  Notwithstand- 
ing his  bravery  on  these  occasions,  he  was  afterwards  placed 
on  the  retired  list ;  and  although  a  memorial,  with  Sir  Ed- 
ward Hughes'  letter  attached  to  it,  was  presented  to  his  late 
Majesty,  by  the  other  three  brothers,  at  Weymouth,  he  had 
not  the  good  fortune  to  be  restored  to  active  service.  John, 
the  second  brother,  also  served  his  king  and  country  most 
faithfully  and  honorably,  and  likewise  died  a  Superannuated 
Rear-Admiral.  The  next,  Thomas,  was  more  fortunate, 
being  included  in  the  great  promotion  of  Flag-Officers,  which 
took  place  on  the  1st  Jan.  1801,  in  honor  of  the  union  be- 
tween Great  Britain  and  Ireland  ;  and  afterwards  created  a 
Knight  of  the  Bath,  for  his  gallantry  in  the  battle  off  Copen- 
hagen, on  the  3d  April,  in  that  year  J. 

During  the  colonial  war,  Captain  Richard  Graves,  being 

*  See  note  at  vol.  1,  p.  133.        f  See  vol.  1,  note  at  p.  424,  et  seq. 
\  See  vol.  1,  aote  *,  at  p.  385,  et  teg. 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS. 

on  his  way  to  New  York  with  despatches,  in  the  Swift,  a 
leaky  brig,  of  6  four-pounders  and  35  men,  with  four  feet 
water  in  her  hold,  and  the  pumps  choked  ;  engaged  an  ene- 
my's vessel  of  18  six-pounders  and  120  men,  which  he  beat 
off,  although  twice  a-board  of  each  other  during  the  action. 
When  beaten  back  in  an  attempt  to  carry  the  Swift  by  board- 
ing, the  enemy  left  thirty  of  their  pistols  on  the  deck  of  the 
British  vessel.  The  Swift  was  too  much  water-logged  to 
pursue  the  fugitive,  even  had  her  force  been  such  as  to  have 
warranted  Captain  Graves  in  so  doing ;  and  the  Blonde  fri- 
gate, which  fell  in  with  her  on  the  following  day,  was  obliged 
to  keep  company  until  her  arrival  at  the  entrance  of  New 
York,  where  she  sunk.  In  this  action,  Captain  Graves  re- 
ceived a  severe  wound.  He  was  afterwards  appointed  to  the 
Belisarius,  mounting  20  nine-pounders ;  and  in  that  ship, 
after  an  hour's  contest,  compelled  the  Tartar,  an  American 
vessel  of  the  same  force,  to  surrender,  and  her  consort,  the 
Alexander  of  22  guns,  to  seek  safety  in  flight.  About  the 
same  period  he  also  captured  the  Venus,  of  14  guns  and  45 
men. 

On  the  termination  of  the  American  war,  the  services  of 
Captain  Graves  being  no  longer  required,  he,  with  many  other 
gallant  officers,  was  obliged  to  retire  from  the  active  duties 
of  a  profession  in  which  he  had  so  highly  distinguished  him- 
self ;  and  since  that  period  he  does  not  appear  to  have  been 
afloat.  His  post  commission  bears  date  Aug.  29,  1781 ; 
and  he  was  superannuated,  with  the  rank  of  a  Rear-Admiral, 
June  18,  1804. 

Our  officer  married  Louisa  Carolina,  daughter  and  sole 
heiress  of  Sir  John  Colleton,  Bart.  His  son,  Samuel  Colleton 
Graves,  Esq.,  Lieutenant-Colonel  of  the  West  Norfolk  regi- 
ment of  local  militia,  and  a  member  of  the  Society  of  the 
Middle  Temple,  was  the  author  of  several  political  pamphlets, 
published  under  the  signature  of  Ulysses.  Of  his  daughters, 
the  eldest  married  T.  Radcliffe,  Esq. ;  the  second  is  the  lady 
of  Baron  Vandersmissen,  a  Lieutenant-Colonel  of  artillerie  au 
cheval  in  the  service  of  the  King  of  the  Netherlands ;  a 
Chevalier  of  the  Legion  of  Honor,  and  of  the  Order  of  Wil- 
helm.  The  third  was  united,  in  December  1819,  to  her 

.2 


4  SUPERANNUATED    RKAR-ADMIRAL5. 

relative,  Lieutenant-Colonel   Sir  James   R.  Colleton,  Bart. 
Mrs.  Graves  died,  Dec.  2b,  1822. 
Residence. — Brussels . 


WILLIAM  CHAMBERS,  ESQ. 
THIS  officer  is  the  fifth  son  of  the  late  Thomas  Chambers,. 
Esq.,  of  Studley,  in  Warwickshire ;  at  which  place,  and  at 
Tanworth,  in  the  same  county,  his  family  have  resided,  on 
their  own  estates,  ever  since  the  reign  of  Edward  III.  He 
entered  the  naval  service  in  1758,  as  a  Midshipman,  on  board 
the  Shrewsbury  of  74  guns,  under  the  auspices  of  Captain, 
(afterwards  Admiral)  Sir  Hugh  Palliser,  with  whom  he  served 
at  the  reduction  of  Quebec  in  1759,  and  until  the  conclusion 
of  the  war  in  1763  *. 

*  The  naval  and  military  forces  employed  in  tbe  reduction  of  Quebec, 
under  the  orders  of  Vice-Admiral  Saunders,  and  Major-General  Wolfe, 
arrived  off  the  island  of  Orleans,  in  the  river  St.  Lawrence,  June  26,  1759, 
and  on  the  following  day  the  troops  were  landed.  On  the  28th,  an  attempt 
was  made  by  the  enemy  to  destroy  the  fleet,  by  sending  down  the  river 
seven  fire-rafts  of  an  uncommon  description ;  but  owing  to  the  vigilance 
of  the  British  commander,  and  the  excellent  disposition  of  his  ships,  the 
design  proved  abortive,  although  the  channel  was  crowded  with  vessels, 
and  the  rapidity  of  the  stream  favored  the  attempt.  On  the  28th  July, 
the  French  made  a  similar  effort,  but  of  a  more  formidable  nature.  Nearly 
one  hundred  rafts  of  timber,  charged  with  combustibles  of  every  kind,  and 
driven  by  the  course  of  the  stream,  seemed  to  threaten  inevitable  destruc- 
tion to  the  British  fleet ;  but  the  good  fortune  of  Vice-Admiral  Saunders 
again  prevailed,  and  the  alarming  preparations  of  the  enemy  were  frus- 
trated. In  all  the  subsequent  events  of  the  memorable  siege  of  Quebec, 
Vice-Admiral  Saunders,  and  those  under  his  command,  appear  to  have 
borne  a  distinguished  share ;  but  it  would  be  difficult  now,  if  not  invidious, 
to  decide  how  far  they  contributed  to  the  general  success  of  the  enter- 
prise. The  blaze  of  glory  which  deservedly  crowns  the  memory  of 
Wolfe,  obscures  the  fame  of  his  brethren  in  arms.  It  cannot,  however,  he 
doubted,  but  Vice-Admiral  Saunders,  by  his  able  disposition  of  the 
ships,  his  zeal  for  the  service,  and  his  perfect  knowledge  of  the  art  of  war, 
materially  contributed  to  the  reduction  of  the  place.  On  the  18th  Sep- 
tember, he  had  the  honor  of  signing,  with  Brigadier-General  Townshend, 
who  had  succeeded  to  the  command  of  the  army,  the  articles  of  capitu- 
lation granted  to  the  French  garrison,  by  which  this  memorable  expedition 
was  terminated  with  complete  success,  though  with  the  loss  of  the  im- 
mortal Wolfe,  and  many  of  his  gallant  associates.  The  town  was  taken 
possession  of  by  a  naval  detachment,  under  Captain  Palliscr. 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS.  5 

During  the  ensuing  peace,  we  find  Mr.  Chambers  serving 
in  the  Preston  of  50  guns,  commanded  by  Captain  Alan 
Gardner,  and  bearing  the  flag  of  Rear-Admiral  Parry,  com- 
mander-in-chief  on  the  Jamaica  station.  He  subsequently 
joined  Commodore  Gambler  in  the  Salisbury  ;  and  by  that 
officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant  into  the  Mermaid  frigate,  on 
the  coast  of  North  America,  in  1771  j  but  some  time  after 
re-joined  his  patron,  and  returned  with  him  to  England. 

At  the  commencement  of  the  American  war,  Mr.  Cham- 
bers was  appointed  second  Lieutenant  of  the  Active  frigate, 
one  of  the  squadron  under  Sir  Peter  Parker,  destined  to  act 
against  Gharlestown,  in  South  Carolina;  which  ship  had  the 
honor  of  leading  her  consorts  to  the  attack  made  on  Sulli- 
van's Island,  June  28,  1776  *.  The  Active,  on  that  occasion, 
had  her  first  Lieutenant  (Pike)  killed,  and  8  men  wounded. 

V  J  7 

From  the  Active,  our  officer  removed  as  first  Lieutenant, 
into  the  Montreal  frigate,  Captain  Douglas  ;  and  in  June  1778, 
he  was  nominated  to  the  command  of  the  flotilla  on  Lake 
Champlain,  where  he  continued  till  the  peace  in  1783,  when 
he  was  sent  home  with  despatches  from  Sir  Frederick  Hal- 
dimand,  the  military  commander  -in-chief  j  through  whose 
recommendations  he  was  immediately  promoted  to  the  rank 
of  Commander  :  and  a  statement  of  his  meritorious  conduct 
on  many  trying  occasions  being  subsequently  laid  before  the 
King,  he  was  rewarded  with  a  commission  as  Post-Captain, 
dated  Aug.  15th  in  the  same  year.  His  superannuation  as  a 
Rear-Admiral  took  place  Nov.  21,  1805. 

Residence.—  Rigby,  Warwickshire. 

-j'i 


<H 

ISAAC  SMITH,  ESQ. 

'  ii9io  H  fvrm  .iii'.i  tiV. 
THIS  officer  entered  the  naval  service  about  the  year  1766, 

and  served  for  some  time  on  board  the  Grenville,  a  brig  com- 
manded by  Cook,  the  celebrated  circumnavigator,  who  was  at 
that  period  employed  as  marine  surveyor  of  Newfoundland  ; 
and  whom  he  afterwards  accompanied  in  the  Endeavour,  on  a 

*  See  Vol.  I,  p.  95,  where  the  following  correction  and  additions 
should  be  made:  line  2,  for  1777,  read  1775;  line  9,  after  May,  insert 
1776  ;  line  24,  after  Experiment,  insert  Active. 


<J  SUFERANNUATJBD    RKAR- ADMIRALS. 

royage  to  the  South  Sea,  for  the  purpose  of  observing  the 
transit  of  Venus  over  the  sun's  disk  *. 

His  commission  as  Post- Captain  bears  date  Dec.  1,  1787  J 
and  he  subsequently  commanded  the  Perseverance  of  36  guns, 
in  which  ship  he  served  for  several  years  on  the  East  India 
station,  to  which  he  had  proceeded  with  Commodore  Corn- 
wallis  in  1789. 

At  the  promotion  of  Flag-Officers  in  1807,  Captain  Smith, 
who  was  at  that  time  severely  afflicted  with  the  hepatitis, 

*  The  voyages  of  Captain  Cook  must  be  so  familiar  to  the  generality 
of  our  readers,  that  a  very  slight  account  of  the  one  alluded  to  above  may 
suffice  ;  and  indeed  it  would  be  inconsistent  with  the  nature  of  this  work* 
to  enter  into  a  detail  which  must  exceed  all  moderate  limits. 

It  having  been  calculated  by  astronomers  that  a  transit  of  Venus  over 
the  sun's  disk  would  happen  in  1769,  and  that  the  best  place  for  observing 
it  would  be  in  some  part  of  the  South  Sea,  the  Royal  Society  judging  this 
a  matter  of  great  consequence  in  astronomy,  addressed  a  memorial  to  the 
King  on  the  subject,  entreating  that  a  vessel  might  be  ordered  at  the  ex- 
pence  of  Government,  for  the  conveyance  of  suitable  persons  to  observe 
the  transit.  To  this  memorial  a  favourable  answer  was  returned,  and  the 
Endeavour,  a  bark  of  370  tons,  was  purchased  into  the  service  for  the 
voyage.  This  vessel,  commanded  by  Lieutenant  James  Cook,  and  having 
onboard  Mr.  Green  of  the  Royal  Observatory  at  Greenwich,  Mr.  Banks 
(the  late  President  of  the  Royal  Society),  and  Dr.  Solander,  a  Swedish 
gentleman,  who  had  made  much  proficiency  in  every  branch  of  natural 
history  under  the  instructions  of  the  celebrated  Linnaeus,  sailed  from 
Plymouth  Sound  on  the  26th  Aug.  1768,  and  arrived  in  Matavia  Bay, 
Otaheite,  April  13,  1769.  On  the  3d  of  June,  the  expected  transit  was 
observed  with  great  advantage.  A  particular  account  of  this  great  astro- 
nomical event  may  be  seen  in  the  sixty-first  volume  of  the  Philosophical 
Transactions. 

Lieutenant  Cook  remained  at  Otaheite  until  the  13th  July,  and  then 
went  in  search  of  several  islands  which  he  discovered.  He  afterwards  pro- 
ceeded to  the  inhospitable  coasts  of  New  Zealand,  and  on  the  10th  Oct. 
1 770,  arrived  at  Batavia,  with  a  vessel  almost  worn  out,  and  a  crew  much 
fatigued  and  very  sickly.  The  repairs  of  the  ship  obliged  him  to  continue 
at  this  unhealthy  place  until  the  27th  Dec.,  in  which  time  he  lost  many  of 
his  seamen,  and  more  on  the  passage  to  the  Cape  of  Good  Hope,  which 
place  he  reached  on  the  15th  March,  1771.  From  the  Cape  our  navigator 
sailed  to  St.  Helena,  where  he  arrived  on  the  1st  May,  and  staid  till  the 
4th  to  refresh.  On  the  12th  June  he  anchored  in  the  Downs,  after  an  ab- 
sence of  nearly  three  years,  in  which  time  he  had  experienced  every  dan- 
der incident  to  a  voyage  of  such  length,  displaying  on  all  occasions  a 
mind  that  was  equal  to  every  perilous  enterprise,  and  to  the  boldest  and 
most  successful  efforts  of  navigation  and  discovery. 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS.  7 

obtained  the  superannuation  of  a  Rear- Admiral.  He  resides, 
if  we  mistake  not,  with  the  widow  of  his  lamented  friend 
Captain  Cook,  at  Merton  Abbey,  Surrey. 


DAVID  STOW,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Commander  at  Jamaica,  after  the 
defeat  of  M.  de  Grasse  by  Sir  George  B.  Rodney,  April  12, 
1782.  His  post  commission  bears  date  Dec.  1,  1787  ;  and 
he  was  superannuated  with  the  rank  of  Rear- Admiral  Oct.  9, 
1807. 

Residence. — Berwick. 


THOMAS  GOLDESBROUGH,  ESQ. 
POST  commission   dated  Dec.    1,    1787-     Superannuated 
Oct.  10,  1807. 
Agent. — Thomas  Stilwell,  Esq. 


LAUCHLAN  HUNTER,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  a  Lieutenant  in  Rodney's  action,  April  12, 
1782  ;  commanded  the  Antelope  of  14  guns  on  the  Jamaica 
station,  in  1783 ;  and  obtained  the  rank  of  Post-Captain,  Sept. 
21,  1790.  During  the  revolutionary  war  we  find  him  employed 
in  the  impress  service,  at  North  Yarmouth.  He  was  placed 
on  the  list  of  Superannuated  Rear  Admirals,  May  12,  1808. 

Residence — Yarmouth,  Norfolk. 

* 


NICHOLAS  INGRAM,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant  by  Admiral  Byron  in 
1778,  and  appointed  to  the  Royal  Oak,  bearing  the  flag  of 
Rear-Admiral  Hyde  Parker,  who  promoted  him  to  the  rank 
of  Commander  in  1780;  from  which  period  he  commanded 
the  Star  brig  until  the  peace  of  1783.  His  next  appointment 
was  in  Oct.  1790,  to  the  Shark  sloop  of  war  ;  and  on  the  3d 
of  the  following  month  he  became  a  Post-Captain.  From 
1797  till  the  peace  of  Amiens  ;  and  from  the  renewal  of  the 
war  in  1803  till  the  date  of  his  superannuation  as  a  Rear- 
Admiral  (May  21,  1808),  he  commanded  the  Weymouth  dis- 
trict of  Sea  Fencibles.  He  married,  in  181 1,  Elizabeth  Ann, 
daughter  of  the  late Booth,  Esq.  of  Bristol. 

Residence. — Burton  Bradstock,  Bridport,  Devon. 


8  SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS. 

RICHARD  WILLIS,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer,  a  brother,  we  believe,  of  Dr.  Willis,  a  gentle- 
man celebrated  for  his  skilful  treatment  of  insane  patients, 
was  made  Post,  Nov.  3,  1790 ;  and  obtained  his  present  rank, 
June  14,  1808. 

Residence — Petworth,  Sussex. 


HENRY  WARRE,  ESQ. 

IF  we  mistake  not,  this  officer  was  born  in  Portugal,  and 
entered  the  naval  service  under  the  protection  of  Commodore 
Johnstone.  After  serving  for  some  time  as  first  Lieutenant 
of  the  Trusty,  a  50-gun  ship,  bearing  the  broad  pendant  of 
Commodore  Cosby,  on  the  Mediterranean  station,  he  was  pro- 
moted to  the  rank  of  Commander,  in  the  Kingsfisher  sloop 
of  war.  During  the  Spanish  armament,  he  commanded  the 
Swan  of  14  guns,  stationed  in  the  Channel.  Ris  post  com- 
mission bears  date  Nov.  22,  1790.  In  the  summer  of  1793, 
we  find  him  serving  on  board  the  flag-ship  of  Vice-Admiral 
J.  Sanches  de  Britto,  commander  of  the  Portuguese  squa- 
dron that  came  to  England  with  Earl  Howe  ;  and  in  the  fol- 
lowing year,  commanding  the  Mermaid,  a  32-gun  frigate,  in 
which  he  proceeded  to  the  West  Indies. 

On  the  10th  Oct.  1795,  Captain  Warre  fell  in  with  an 
armed  ship  and  a  brig,  off  Grenada ;  the  latter  pushed  into 
a  small  bay  and  got  a-ground;  and  the  Mermaid,  in  the 
eagerness  of  pursuit,  ran  on  shore  close  alongside  her  ;  the 
vessel  was  got  off,  and  proved  to  be  the  Brutus,  of  10  guns, 
belonging  to  the  French  republic  ;  her  crew,  consisting  of  50 
men,  together  with  70  soldiers,  intended  to  support  the  rebel- 
lion in  Grenada,  landed  and  escaped.  Captain  Warre  chased 
the  ship  the  whole  of  the  next  day,  but  lost  sight  of  her  in  the 
night.  On  the  14th  he  again  discovered,  pursued,  and  after 
an  action  of  half  an  hour,  captured  her.  She  proved  to  be 
the  Republican,  of  18  guns  and  250  men  (including  troops), 
20  of  whom  were  killed,  and  several  wounded.  On  board 
this  vessel  was  a  French  General,  proceeding  to  assume  the 
command  in  Grenada.  The  Mermaid  had  1  man  slain,  and 
3  wounded. 

'   'f      «'-'M..r-J    P   •• 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS. 

Captain  Warre  subsequently  commanded  the  Adamant  of 
50  guns ;  he  was  placed  on  the  list  of  Superannuated  Rear- 
Admirals,  Aug.  31,  1810. 

Agent. — Thomas  Stilwell,  Esq. 


WILLIAM  CARTHEW,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Post-Captain,  May  10,  1794;  and 
in  the  same  year  commanded  the  Redoubt,  of  20  guns,  sta- 
tioned at  Sheerness  as  a  floating  battery.  In  1795  he  was 
appointed  to  the  Brilliant,  a  small  frigate,  on  the  North  Sea 
station ;  from  which  he  removed  into  the  Regulus,  44,  and 
proceeded  to  the  West  Indies.  On  his  passage  thither,  Nov. 
2,  1796,  he  captured  El  San  Pio,  a  Spanish  corvette  of  18 
guns.  Captain  Carthew  appears  to  have  left  the  Regulus  on 
the  Jamaica  station,  in  1798.  He  was  superannuated,  with 
the  rank  of  Rear-Admiral,  Aug.  18,  1812. 

Agent. — Sir  F.  M.  Ommanney. 


SANDFORD  TATHAM,  ESQ. 

DURING  the  Russian  armament,  in  1791,  this  officer  com- 
manded the  Argo,  a  44-gun  ship,  armed  en  flute,  in  North 
America.  In  1793,  he  was  appointed  to  the  Dromedary, 
store-ship,  and  accompanied  the  expedition  under  Sir  John 
Jervis  and  Sir  Charles  Grey,  to  the  West  Indies. 

On  the  8th  Feb.  1794,  whilst  employed  in  covering  the  de- 
barkation of  the  third  brigade  of  the  army  on  the  side  of  Cas 
de  Navires,  in  the  island  of  Martinique,  the  Dromedary,  ven- 
turing too  near  the  battery  on  Point  Negro,  received  a  shot 
between  wind  and  water,  and  a  second  through  her  upper 
works,  which  killed  1  man  and  wounded  4,  among  whom 
was  Captain  Tatham. 

Our  officer  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  Post-Captain, 
Nov.  4,  1794;  employed  on  the  Impress  service,  in  1798  and 
1799;  and  obtained  the  superannuation  of  a  Rear-Admiral, 
Dec.  7,  1813. 

Residence. — Armitage,  near  Rugeley,  Staffordshire. 

',[$£  

FREDERICK  WATKINS,  ESQ. 

SOON  after  the  commencement  of  the  French  revolutionary 

••'  •'   .:•'-!     • 


10  SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS. 

war,  in  1793*  we  find^this  officer  serving  as  first  Lieutenant 
of  the  Blanche  frigate,  commanded  by  the  late  Captain  Faulk- 
nor,  and  employed  on  the  Leeward  Islands  station. 

On  the  4th  Jan.  1795,  that  heroic  Commander,  being  on  a 
cruise  off  Point-a-Petre,  at  7  A.  M.,  observed  a  large  republi- 
can frigate  coming  out  of  the  harbour,  with  a  schooner  in 
company.  Captain  Faulknor  immediately  stood  towards  the 
enemy,  and  continued  to  do  so  until  nearly  within  gun-shot 
of  Fort  Fleur  d'Epee,  the  scene  of  his  former  glory  *,  when 
he  tacked,  hove  to,  and  filled  occasionally.  Finding  the 
French  frigate  disinclined  to  venture  out  from  under  the  bat- 
teries, he  made  sail  to  examine  a  schooner  which  was  coming 
down  along  shore ;  she  proved  to  be  an  American  from  Bour- 
deaux,  and  appearing  suspicious,  was  detained  and  taken  in 
tow,  the  Blanche  proceeding  under  easy  sail,  first  towards 
Mariegalante,  and  afterwards  stretching  over  for  Dominica. 
At  Sk  30'  P.  M.,  the  French  frigate  was  seen  about  two 
leagues  astern ;  upon  which  the  schooner  was  cast  off, 
and  the  Blanche  made  sail  to  meet  the  enemy.  At  half 
past  twelve  o'clock,  after  some  manoeuvring  and  an  ex- 
change of  broadsides,  when  passing  on  opposite  tacks,  a 
most  bloody  and  desperate  action  was  commenced  within 
pistol-shot;  and  at  one  A.  M.,  Captain  Faulknor  ran  the 
Blanche  across  the  enemy's  bows,  and  lashed  the  bowsprit 
of  the  latter  to  the  capstern  of  his  own  ship.  A  brisk  fire 
was  now  kept  up  from  such  guns  as  could  be  brought  to  bear, 
and  musketry,  which  the  enemy  returned  from  his  quarter- 
deck guns,  run  in  a-midships  and  pointed  fore  and  aft,  also 
from  small  arms  in  his  tops  and  elsewhere.  At  this  period 
the  main  and  mizen-masts  of  the  Blanche  were  shot  away ; 
and  the  French  made  an  attempt  to  board  her,  but  were  re- 
pulsed with  great  loss.  At  a  quarter  past  two,  his  antagonist 
having  dropped  astern,  Captain  Faulknor  ordered  another 
hawser  to  be  got  up,  with  which  he  lashed  the  French  frigate 
to  his  quarter,  and  whilst  in  the  act  of  doing  so,  was  shot 
through  the  heart  by  a  musket-ball.  On  his  death,  the  com- 
mand naturally  devolved  on  Lieutenant  Watkins,  who  conti- 
nued the  action  in  a  manner  that  did  him  immortal  honor. 

"  In  our  first  volume,  at  pp.  711  and  840,  mil  he  found  an  account  of 
the  storming  of  Fort  Fleur  d'Epde,  by  a  gallant  band,  headed  by  Captain 
Faulknor,  on  the  12th  April,  1/94. 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS.  11 

The  Blanche,  having  only  her  fore-mast  standing,  now  paid 
off  before  the  wind ;  towing,  and  plying  with  incessant  and 
well-directed  vollies  of  musketry,  her  equally  determined 
opponent.  None  of  the  great  guns  could  be  brought  to  bear, 
until  a  part  of  the  stern-frame  was  blown  out  ;  when  the  ene- 
my's ship  was  so  effectually  raked,  that  all  her  masts  were 
soon  shot  away.  Still  did  the  brave  Frenchmen  persevere  in 
their  resistance ;  and  it  was  not  until  a  quarter  past  five,  that 
they  hailed  to  announce  their  surrender. 

It  was  not  yet  day -light ;  neither  of  the  ships  were  able  to 
put  a  boat  in  the  water.  Under  these  difficulties,  nothing  re- 
mained but  to  get  on  board  the  prize,  by  means  of  the  haw- 
ser ;  this  was  successfully  performed  by  Lieutenant  (now  Sir 
David)  Milne  and  10  seamen,  whose  weight  bringing  the 
bight  of  the  rope  into  the  water,  obliged  them  to  swim  part 
of  the  distance,  when  they  gained  her  deck,  and  found  her 
to  be  la  Pique  of  40  guns,  besides  several  brass  swivels  on 
her  gunwale,  and  360  men,  of  whom  67  were  killed,  1 10 
wounded,  and  about  9  supposed  to  have  been  drowned  by 
falling  into  the  sea  when  attempting  to  board  the  Blanche  ; 
whose  loss,  considering  the  length  and  violence  of  the  conflict, 
was  but  small.  It  consisted  of  8  killed  and  21  wounded  *. 
The  fall  of  her  commander  was,  however,  deplored  by  every 
friend  to  the  service ;  his  courage  and  determined  bravery 
had  been  often  tried,  and  always  with  success  ;  indeed  the 
English  cause  in  the  West  Indies,  at  that  period,  could  hardly 
have  received  a  deeper  wound  than  it  did  by  his  death. 

The  gallantry  of  this  action  was  long  the  theme  of  praise. 
An  Interlude,  called  "  The  Death  of  Captain  Faulknor" 
was  performed  at  Covent  Garden  Theatre  ;  and  a  monument 
to  his  memory,  with  a  suitable  inscription,  was  erected  in  St. 
Paul's  Cathedral,  by  a  vote  of  the  House  of  Commons. 

As  a  reward  for  his  distinguished  bravery  in  the  above 
glorious  affair,  Lieutenant  Watkins  was  promoted  to  the  rank 
of  Post-Captain,  by  commission  dated  April  26,  1795 ;  and 
appointed  to  the  command  of  the  Resource,  of  28  guns,  in 
which  ship  he  continued  about  two  years,  on  the  Leeward 

*  The  Blanche  mounted  38  carriage  guns,  and  had  on  board  at  the 
commencement  of  the  battle  only  198  men  ;  14  of  her  crew  being  absent 
in  prizes.  With  respect  to  size,  she  was  196  tons  lea«  than  her  opponeut. 


12  SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS. 

Islands  and  Jamaica  stations,  and  cruised  with  very  consider- 
able success  against  the  enemy.  On  the  10th  Dec.  1796,  in 
company  with  the  Mermaid  frigate,  he  captured  the  General 
Leveau,  French  corvette  of  16  guns,  near  St.  Domingo. 

In  the  spring  of  1799,  our  officer  commissioned  the  Ne- 
reide  of  36  guns ;  and  on  the  2d  March,  in  the  following  year, 
captured  la  Vengeance  privateer,  of  16  guns  and  1/4  men, 
in  the  Bay  of  Biscay  ;  the  next  day  he  re-captured  an  Ame- 
rican ship,  with  a  cargo  of  coffee,  sugar,  and  tobacco,  valued 
at  30,000/.  The  Nereide  was  afterwards  ordered  to  the 
West  Indies. 

On  the  llth  Sept.  1800,  Captain  Watkins  beingon  a  cruise 
off  Curac.oa,  had  the  good  fortune  to  acquire  information  that 
1500  French  troops  from  Guadaloupe  had  made  good  their 
landing  a  short  time  before,  and  were  at  that  very  moment  in 
actual  contest  with  the  Dutch  inhabitants,  who  claimed  the 
protection  of  his  Britannic  Majesty.  With  the  most  prompt 
decision,  he  pushed  for  the  harbour,  landed  his  men  and  some 
cannon,  occupied  the  forts,  and  thereby  induced  the  French 
to  evacuate  the  island  on  the  22d.  In  the  mean  time,  the 
Governor  entered  into  a  capitulation,  by  which  Cura§oa  and 
its  dependencies,  together  with  the  vessels  in  the  harbour,  in 
all  forty-four  sail,  and  such  property  as  was  on  board  of  them 
on  the  10th,  were  surrendered  to  the  Nereide. 

Captain  Watkins  returned  to  England,  in  Feb.  1801  ;  and 
from  that  period  we  lose  sight  of  him  until  the  beginning  of 
1808,  when  he  was  appointed  to  the  Majestic  of  74  guns; 
from  the  command  of  which  ship  he  was  afterwards  dismissed 
by  the  sentence  of  a  court-martial,  for  a  breach  of  naval 
discipline  towards  the  late  Admiral  Wells.  He  was  super- 
annuated, with  the  rank  of  Rear- Admiral,  June  1 1,  1814. 

In  1809,  our  officer  published  a  work  entitled,  "  The 
Young  Naval  Hero ;  or  Hints  to  Parents  and  Guardians,  on 
educating  and  preparing  Young  Gentlemen  for  his  Majes- 
ty's Navy,"  8vo. 

Agents. — Messrs.  Maude. 

.  .    •  .-«,'    ::  .•  : 

JOHN  MONKTON,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  entered  the  naval  service  in  1765,  and  served 
upwards  of  eleven  years  as  a  Midshipman  and  Master's- 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS.  13 

Mate,  on  board  the  Chatham  of  50  guns,  and  Lark,  Aurora. 
Carysfort,  Maidstone,  and  Boreas  frigates.  The  two  former 
ships  were  employed  principally  at  the  Leeward  Islands.  His 
removal  from  the  Aurora,  to  make  room  for  an  Admiralty 
Midshipman,  proved  a  fortunate  circumstance  for  Mr.Monkton, 
as  that  vessel  was  soon  after  lost,  on  her  passage  to  India,  and 
all  on  board  perished.  In  the  Carysfort  he  saw  much  hard  ser- 
vice, and  had  several  narrow  escapes  :  the  first  was  in  1771? 
when,  being  on  her  return  from  Pensacola,  and  the  Havannah,  to 
Jamaica,  the  ship,  owing  to  the  perverseness  and  ignorance  of 
the  pilot,  ran  ashore  in  the  night,  upon  the  Martyr  reefs,  in 
the  Gulph  of  Florida ;  where  her  situation  was  such  as  pro- 
mised little  chance  of  being  able  to  save  the  ship,  and  at 
first,  not  much  hope  of  preserving  the  lives  of  the  crew. 
However,  after  nine  days  incessant  labour,  she  was  at  length 
got  out  from  amongst  those  dangerous  rocks,  through  a  very 
difficult  and  intricate  channel,  and  carried  to  Charlestown  in 
South  Carolina,  under  jury  masts,  with  the  loss  of  her  guns, 
and  most  of  the  provisions  and  stores. 

In  the  ensuing  year  the  Carysfort  was  ordered  to  England, 
and  on  her  passage  thither  from  Jamaica,  was  obliged  to 
throw  all  her  guns  overboard  in  a  heavy  gale  of  wind.  After 
refitting,  she  was  again  sent  to  the  West  Indies,  where  she 
encountered  a  violent  hurricane,  during  which  she  lost  her 
first  Lieutenant,  five  seamen,  and  all  her  masts,  besides  being 
once  more  obliged  to  part  with  her  guns. 

The  Carysfort  was  paid  off  at  Chatham,  in  Sept.  1773; 
and  Mr.  Monkton  soon  after  joined  the  Maidstone,  in  which 
frigate  he  continued  about  three  years,  and  was  present  at 
the  capture  of  more  than  two  hundred  sail  of  vessels,  princi- 
pally on  the  Jamaica  station ;  from  whence  he  returned  to 
England,  in  the  Boreas,  about  the  autumn  of  1777- 

On  the  19th  Nov.  following,  Mr.  Monkton  was  promoted 
to  the  rank  of  Lieutenant,  and  appointed  to  the  Three  Sis- 
ters, an  armed  ship,  hired  from  the  merchants,  and  em- 
ployed in  giving  protection  to  the  trade  on  the  coast  of  Scot- 
land, and  about  the  Orkney  and  Shetland  Islands.  After 
being  thus  employed  for  a  period  of  two  years,  he  was 
appointed  second  Lieutenant  of  the  Vestal  frigate,  then 
fitting  at  Deptford ;  and  subsequently  sent  to  the  Newfound- 
land station,  where  she  captured  and  destroyed  many  of  the 


14  SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS. 

enemy's  vessels,  and  among  others  the  Mercury,  an  Ameri- 
can packet,  from  Philadelphia ;  on  board  of  which  was  Mr. 
Henry  Laurens,  formerly  President  of  the  Congress,  bound 
on  an  embassy  to  France,  Spain,  and  Holland.  The  de- 
spatches found  in  the  possession  of  this  Envoy,  determined 
the  British  ministry  to  issue  an  immediate  declaration  of  war 
against  the  latter  power,  and  to  commit  their  bearer  as  a 
state  prisoner  to  the  Tower. 

In  1781,  the  Vestal,  then  commanded  by  the  Hon.  G.  C. 
Berkeley,  accompanied  Vice-Admiral  Darby  to  the  relief  of 
Gibraltar  *,  where  she  particularly  distinguished  herself 
against  the  enemy's  gun-boats,  two  of  which  she  destroyed 
under  the  guns  of  the  fortress  of  Ceuta. 

Some  time  after  the  performance  of  this  service,  Captain 
Berkeley,  accompanied  by  the  whole  of  his  officers  and  crew, 
removed  into  the  Recovery  of  32  guns,  which  ship  formed 
part  of  the  squadron  under  Vice-Admiral  Barrington,  at  the 
capture  of  a  French  convoy,  from  Brest  bound  to  the  East 
Indies,  in  April  1782.  She  was  also  with  Lord  Howe,  at  the 
relief  of  Gibraltar,  towards  the  close  of  the  same  year  f. 

The  Recovery  being  paid  off  at  the  peace  in  1783,  Mr. 
Monkton  remained  on  half  pay  till  March  1784,  when  he 
was  appointed  first  Lieutenant  of  the  Ardent  64,  stationed 
as  a  guard-ship  at  Portsmouth,  where  she  remained  for  a 
period  of  four  years;  during  which  no  incident  occurred 
worthy  of  particular  notice. 

During  the  Spanish  armament,  we  find  Lieutenant  Monk- 
ton  serving  on  board  the  Windsor  Castle,  a  second  rate, 
bearing  the  flag  of  Rear- Admiral  Sawyer.  His  next  appoint- 
ment was  to  be  first  Lieutenant  of  the  Niger  frigate,  com- 
manded by  his  friend  the  Hon.  Captain  Berkeley,  who  had 
for  a  considerable  time  filled  the  office  of  Survey  or- General 
of  the  Ordnance,  and  recently  been  honored  with  a  com- 
mision  of  the  highest  importance,  as  President  of  a  board 
of  engineer  officers,  for  the  purpose  of  enquiring  into  the 
abuses  and  frauds  committed  against  government  in  the 
West  Indies  ;  a  service  he  performed  with  honor  to  himself, 
and  to  the  entire  satisfaction  of  his  Majesty's  ministers. 

On  the  10th  March,  1793,  Mr.  Monkton  commissioned  the 

»  See  vol.  1,  p.  4,  and  note  j,  at  p.  33.        t  §ee  vol.  1,  p.  17- 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS.  15 

Marlborough  of  74  guns,  then  fitting  at  Chatham  for  Cap- 
tain Berkeley,  and  afterwards  attached  to  the  grand  fleet 
under  Earl  Howe.  This  was  our  officer's  last  appointment 
as  a  Lieutenant ;  for  in  consequence  of  that  nobleman's  re- 
presentation of  his  gallant  conduct  in  the  glorious  action 
of  June  1,  1794  *,  he  was  immediately  afterwards  pro- 
moted to  the  rank  of  Commander,  and  appointed  to  act 
as  captain  of  the  Marlborough,  during  the  absence  of  Captain 
Berkeley,  whose  place  he  had  so  ably  filled  during  the  latter 
part  of  that  memorable  conflict  f. 

Owing  to  the  change  which  about  this  time  took  place  in 
the  administration  of  naval  affairs,  a  promise  which  Captain 
Monkton  had  obtained  from  Lord  Chatham,  of  advancement  to 
post  rank,  was  not  realized,  although  he  retained  the  com- 
mand of  the  Marlborough  for  nearly  twelve  months;  but  for- 
tunately for  him  he  was  afterwards  appointed  pro  tempore, 
to  the  Colossus,  another  74 ;  in  which  ship  he  distinguished 
himself  off  1'Orient,  June  23,  1795 ;  and  by  his  exertions 
greatly  contributed  to  the  capture  of  three  French  line-of- 
battle  ships  ;  an  account  of  which  will  be  found  in  our  first 
Vol.  p.  246,  et  seq.  The  Colossus  on  that  occasion  had  35 
men  killed  and  wounded,  which  appears  to  have  been  nearly 
one-fourth  of  the  total  loss  sustained  by  the  British  squadron. 

Captain  Monkton's  post  commission  bears  date  June  29, 
1795  ;  from  which  period,  with  the  exception  of  about  two 
months  in  the  Formidable  of  90  guns,  he  was  not  again  em- 
ployed until  the  latter  end  of  1 797 ;  when  he  obtained  the 
command  of  la  Lutine  frigate,  fitting  at  Woolwich  for  the 

*  See  vol.  I,  p.  663  *  *. 

f  The  Marlborough  had  got  into  action ;  and  whilst  engaged  with  the 
Tinprtueux  of  78  guns,  and  Mucius  74,  the  former  of  which  ships  she  had 
completely  dismasted,  the  Montagne  of  120  guns  came  under  her  stern 
aud  poured  in  a  raking  broadside,  which  killed  and  wounded  many  of  her 
men,  and  caused  much  other  mischief.  It  was  at  this  moment  that  Cap- 
tain Berkeley  received  a  severe  wound,  which  obliged  him  to  resign  the 
command  of  the  ship  to  Lieutenant  Monkton,  who  continued  to  fight  her 
with  the  utmost  skill  and  bravery.  The  Marlborough  on  this  occasion 
had  all  her  lower  masts  shot  away,  and  no  less  than  137  men  killed  and 
wounded.  Lieutenant  Monkton  was  nominally  promoted  into  the  Calypso 
sloop  of  war,  which  vessel  was  lost  on  her  return  from  Jamaica,  and  all 
e«  board  perished. 


](J  SOPKKANNUATKD    REAR-ADMIRALS. 

North  Sea  station,  where  he  served  under  the  orders  of  Lojc! 
Duncan,  and  made  many  captures. 

His  next  and  last  appointment  was  at  the  close  of  1?99> 
to  the  Mars  of  74  guns,  bearing  the  flag  of  Hear- Admiral 
Berkeley  ;  and  he  continued  to  serve  as  Flag-Captain  to  that 
officer  until  Jan.  1801  ;  when  a  misunderstanding  having 
arisen  between  the  Rear-Admiral  and  Earl  St.  Vincent,  com- 
mander-in- chief  of  the  Channel  Fleet,  the  former  resigned 
his  command,  and  Captain  Monkton  was  in  consequence 
superseded.  His  superannuation  took  place  June  18,  1814. 

Rear-Admiral  Monkton  remained  a  batchelor  until  he  was 
more  than  forty  years  of  age,  when  he  married  Miss  Char- 
lotte Slade,  of  Burstock,  co.  Dorset,  first  cousin  to  the  pre- 
sent Lieutenant- General  Slade.  By  this  lady,  who  died 
May  6,  1806,  he  had  four  children,  three  of  whom  are  now 
living.  His  second  wife  was  Charlotte,  widow  of  his  old 
messmate,  Mr.  Mackie,  Purser  of  the  ill-fated  Ardent  *,  and 
only  daughter  of  George  Button,  Esq.,  a  gentleman  of  con- 
siderable property,  who  had  formerly  kept  an  academy  at 
Deptford.  He  married,  lastly,  Dec.  14,  1818,  Elizabeth 
Patience,  daughter  of  Thomas  P.  Phillips,  of  Tiverton,  co. 
Devon,  Esq.,  and  sister  of  Thomas  J.  Phillips,  of  Landau 
House,  near  Launceston,  Cornwall,  Esq. 

Residence. — Havre  de  Grace. 

i,  '1         .•>.  \.»  jioijfpyx'j  '>i\l  iltiw  ;' 

*  In  the  course  of  the  foregoing  memoir,  we  have  alluded  to  the  fate  of 

the  Aurora  and  Calypso.  Of  the  other  vessels  in  which  Rear-Admiral 
Monkton  served,  it  is  remarkable,  that  no  less  than  six  were  afterwards 
lost :  viz.  the  Lark,  in  America,  during  the  colonial  war ;  the  Three  Sis- 
ters, in  the  North  Sea ;  the  Ardent,  burnt  at  sea ;  the  Marlborough,  wrecked 
on  the  coast  of  France  ;  the  Colossus,  on  the  Scilly  Isles  ;  and  la  Lutine, 
on  the  Dutch  coast.  Whilst  in  the  latter,  he  discovered  and  corrected  an 
error  in  the  compasses,  which  he  explained  to  his  successor,  the  unfor- 
tunate Captain  Skynner ;  but  that  officer  paid  no  attention  to  his  advice, 
and  actually  undid  what  Captain  Monkton  had  completed,  saying  that 
compasses  were  of  no  use  in  the  North  Sea.  However,  the  contrary 
proved  to  be  the  case.  La  Lutine  sailed  from  Yarmouth  Roads  at  nine 
A.  M.  on  the  9th  Oct.  1799,  with  a  fair  wind  for  the  Texel,  having  a  consi- 
derable sum  of  money  on  board  ;  and  in  the  course  of  the  ensuing  night, 
struck  on  the  outer  bank  of  the  Vlie  passage,  where  all  hands  perished, 
with  the  exception  of  two  men  taken  up  alive,  one  of  whom  died  soon  after. 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS.  17 

JOHN  COOKE,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  born  at  Kirby,  near  Norwich,  in  1/50, 
and  first  embarked  in  the  royal  navy  as  a  Midshipman,  on 
board  the  Raisonable  of  64  guns,  commanded  by  Captain 
Maurice  Suckling,  the  worthy  uncle,  and  first  professional 
patron  of  our  lamented  hero,  the  renowned  Nelson,  who, 
with  several  other  Norfolk  youths,  joined  that  ship  about  the 
same  period. 

The  Raisonable  was  one  of  the  ships  commissioned  in 
1770,  on  the  apprehension  of  a  rupture  with  Spain,  on  ac- 
count of  the  very  extraordinary  conduct  of  that  .power  rela- 
tive to  the  Falkland  Islands  *.  On  the  termination  of  the 
dispute,  she  was  paid  off,  and  Captain  Suckling  was,  in  May, 
1771  >  appointed  to  the  command  in  the  river  Medway ;  but 
Mr.  Cooke  not  relishing  so  idle  and  uninteresting  a  life  as 
that  of  a  Midshipman  in  a  guard-ship,  applied  for  and  ob- 
tained permission  to  join  the  Crescent  frigate,  then  fitting 
for  the  Leeward  Islands  station.  In  that  ship  he  served, 
mostly  as  Master's-Mate,  until  Aug.  1774,  when  she  was  put 
out  of  commission  at  Woolwich. 

We  next  find  him  in  the  Conquestador,  64,  guard-ship,  at 

*  The  author  of  the  History  of  England,  in  a  series  of  letters  from  a 
nobleman  to  his  son,  generally,  though  erroneously  attributed  to  Lord 
Lyttleton,  gives  the  following  concise  account  of  the  transaction : — "  In 
the  course  of  the  summer,  the  Spaniards  sent  out  some  ships,  and  seized 
upon  Falkland's  Islands,  where  the  English  had  lately  made  a  settlement, 
and  erected  a  fort ;  and  this  violation  of  peace  had  nearly  involved  us  in 
a  war  with  that  nation.  A  negociation,  however,  took  place,  and  the 
Spaniards  restored  the  islands.  It  was  privately  stipulated  that  they 
should  be  afterwards  evacuated  by  Great  Britain ;  and  since  that  time  no 
settlement  has  been  made  upon  them.  The  pens  of  the  political  writers 
were  employed  to  magnify  or  diminish  the  consequence  of  these  islands, 
according  as  they  were  engaged  for  or  against  the  ministry.  Junius,  a 
popular  and  elegant  writer,  whose  real  name  has  never  yet  been  disco- 
vered, was  at  this  time  a  formidable  opponent  to  administration ;  and  Dr. 
Samuel  Johnson,  whose  moral  and  critical  writings  are  above  all  praise, 
ranged  himself  on  their  side.  On  the  whole,  if  the  affront  to  the  nation 
be  overlooked,  it  does  not  appear  that  the  possession  of  these  islands  was 
worth  contending  for."  The  late  Admiral  Macbride,  who  visited  them 
about  the  year  1766,  says  :  "  We  found  a  mass  of  islands  and  broken 
lands,  of  which  the  soil  was  nothing  but  a  bog,  with  no  better  prospect 
than  that  of  barren  mountains,  beaten  by  storms  almost  perpetual." 

VOL.    II.  C 


18  SUPKRANNUATKD    REAR-ADMIRALS. 

Chatham,  where  he  remained  but  a  short  time.  In  April, 
1776,  Captain  Suckling,  then  Comptroller  of  the  Navy,  pre- 
sented him  with  a  warrant  appointing  him  Master  of  the 
Hornet  sloop,  fitting  at  Woolwich  for  the  Jamaica  station,  of 
which  vessel  the  late  gallant  Lord  Collingwood  was  then 
Lieutenant. 

Mr.  Cooke  continued  in  the  Hornet  until  Feb.  1,  1778, 
when  he  joined  the  Glasgow,  a  20-gun  ship,  commanded  by 
the  late  Admiral  Sir  Thomas  Pasley,  Bart.,  with  whom  he 
afterwards  removed  successively  into  the  Sibyl  frigate,  and 
Jupiter  of  50  guns,  of  which  latter  vessel  he  was  appointed 
a  Lieutenant  immediately  after  the  action  between  Commo- 
dore Johnsfcone  and  M.  de  Suffrein,  in  Porto  Praya  Bay, 
April  16,  1781  *. 

In  May  1782,  the  Jupiter  was  ordered  to  convey  Admiral 
Pigot  to  his  command  in  the  West  Indies  ;  and  soon  after 
her  arrival  there,  was  sent  on  a  cruise  off  the  Havannah, 
where  she  captured  several  of  the  enemy's  vessels.  Hostili- 
ties ceasing  soon  after,  she  returned  to  England,  and  was  put 
out  of  commission  July  28,  1783. 

During  the  Dutch  and  Spanish  armaments,  in  1787  and 
1790,  Lieutenant  Cooke  served  under  the  flag  of  Sir  John 
Jervis,  afterwards  Earl  of  St.  Vincent,  in  the  Hannibal,  74, 
and  Prince,  a  second-rate.  At  the  commencement  of  the 
French  war  in  1793,  he  was  appointed  first  Lieutenant  of 
the  Weazle  sloop  of  war  ;  and  in  November  following,  to  the 
Woolwich  troop-ship,  attached  to  the  armament  under  Sir 
John  Jervis,  then  about  to  sail  for  the  West  Indies,  where  he 
was  removed  into  the  Undaunted  frigate ;  and  on  the  5th 
May,  1794,  promoted  to  the  rank  of  Commander,  in  the  In- 
spector of  16  guns. 

Whilst  in  this  latter  vessel,  Captain  Cooke  was  employed 
co-operating  with  the  army  in  the  re-occupation  of  Gauda- 
loupe,  &c. ;  affording  protection  to  the  trade  of  the  Virgin 
Islands ;  and  in  various  other  services,  requiring  considerable 

*  The  attack  made  on  Commodore  Johnstone's  squadron,  by  M.  de 
Suffrein,  we  have  already  described  in  oar  memoir  of  Admiral  Sir  Henry- 
Darby  (vol.  1,  note  at  p.  268,  et  seq.) :  the  Jupiter  was  on  that  occasion 
opposed  to  a  French  74,  which  she  obliged  to  cut  and  sheer  off :  indeed, 
throughout  the  whole  of  the  affair  she  was  very  materially  distinguished 
for  the  power  and  force  of  her  fire. 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS.  19 

activity.    The  following  address  conveys  a  sufficient  idea  of 
the  manner  in  which  he  acted  on  those  occasions : 

"  Tortola  Council  Chamber,  May  13,  1795- 

"  Sir. — It  Laving  been  publicly  announced  that  you  are  speedily  to  be  re- 
moved from  your  present  station  in  order  to  join  the  Admiral,  the  Mem- 
bers of  his  Majesty's  Board  of  Council  for  the  Virgin  Islands,  who  enter- 
tain with  me  every  just  sense  of  your  merits  as  a  British  officer,  and  of  the 
honorable  manner  in  which  you  have  discharged  the  duties  which  you 
were  sent  hither  to  perform,  have  unanimously  determined  that  you  shall 
not  depart  from  this  colony  without  bearing  with  you  a  testimony  of  their 
gratitude.  They  have,  therefore,  conferred  on  me  the  grateful  task  of 
communicating  to  you  by  letter,  their  acknowledgments  for  the  steady 
zeal  you  have  displayed  on  all  occasions  [and  more  especially  in  times 
when  alarms  and  threatened  dangers  have  worn  the  most  serious  aspect,] 
in  readily  co-operating  with  the  President  in  the  adoption  of  all  such  mea- 
sures as  were  deemed  expedient  for  our  safety  and  protection ;  and  small 
as  is  the  force  of  the  ship  under  your  command,  we  have  yet  the  satis- 
faction to  say,  that  in  consequence  of  your  gallantry  and  good  conduct, 
and  of  your  officers  and  crew  following  your  example,  our  enemies  have 
been  deterred  from  executing  their  threats  of  attacking  this  colony,  and 
that  you  have  thereby  become  the  efficient  means  of  our  defence.  Wish- 
ing you  health,  prosperity,  and  the  enjoyment  of  every  felicity,  I  have  the 
honor  and  satisfaction  to  subscribe  myself,  with  every  consideration  and 
respect,  Sir, 

"  Your  most  faithful,  and  most  obedient  humble  Servant, 

(Signed)        "  GEO.  LEONARD,  President. 
"  To  Captain  Cooke,  H.  M.  S.  Inspector." 

This  address  was  presented  to  Captain  Cooke  on  the  occa- 
sion of  his  receiving  a  commission  from  the  late  Sir  Benjamin 
Caldwell,  commander-in- chief  pro  tempore  at  the  Leeward 
Islands,  promoting  him  to  the  command  of  the  Quebec  frigate, 
vacant  by  the  demise  of  Captain  Josias  Rogers  *.  An  unfor- 
tunate mistake,  however,  on  the  part  of  the  late  Sir  Charles 
Thompson,  who  had  received  orders  to  send  Captain  Cooke 
to  St.  Christopher's,  where  the  Quebec  was  to  assemble  the 
homeward  bound  trade,  prevented  him  from  joining  his  ship  ; 
and  his  subsequent  appointment  to  the  Alarm  frigate,  by  Rear- 
Admiral  Thompson,  appears  to  have  been  rendered  nugatory 

*  This  was  Captain  Cooke's  second  appointment  to  a  death  vacancy ; 
the  first  was  to  the  Thisbe,  the  commander  of  which  ship,  we  believe,  had 
been  appointed  to  the  Blanche,  as  successor  to  the  gallant  Faulknor,  whose 
glorious  exit  we  have  just  recorded  in  our  memoir  of  Rear-Admiral  Wat- 
kins,  see  p.  10 ;  but  in  consequence  of  his  being  absent  on  distant  ser- 
vice, Captain  Cooke  had  no  opportunity  of  joining  her. 

c  2 


20  SUPBRANNADATEJ)    REAR-ADMIRALS. 

by  the  arrival  of  a  new  commander-in-chief,  the  late  Sir 
John  Laforey,  by  whom  he  was  ordered  to  follow  the  Quebec 
to  England,  where  he  arrived  in  the  Montagu  74,  on  the  5th 
Oct.  1795. 

Soon  after  his  arrival,  Captain  Cooke  was  gratified  by  the 
receipt  of  an  address  from  the  Council  and  Assembly  of  Tor- 
tola,  &c.  to  the  following  effect : 

"  Tortola,  August  15,  1795. 

«  Sir. — We,  the  Council  and  Assembly  of  his  Majesty's  Virgin  Islands, 
taking  into  consideration  your  unremitted  exertiens  when  upon  this  sta- 
tion, for  the  safety  and  protection  of  this  colony,  beg  leave  to  return  you 
our  wannest  thanks.  During  the  time  H.  M.  S.  Inspector,  at  that  time 
under  your  command,  was  stationed  here,  we  were  exposed  to  the  most 
imminent  danger  from  the  hostile  disposition  of  our  enemies  assembled 
at  St.  Thomas's,  who  were  so  daring  as  publicly  to  proclaim  their  intention 
of  making  a  descent  upon  these  islands.  In  this  critical  posture  of  our 
affairs,  we  had  no  other  hopes  of  safety  but  in  the  exertions  of  the  militia 
of  the  country,  aided  by  efforts  such  as  were  in  your  power  to  make  in 
our  behalf;  and  we  reflect,  Sir,  with  gratitude,  that  we  were  not  disap- 
pointed in  our  expectations  of  your  zeal  for  his  Majesty's  service,  and  for 
the  preservation  of  this  colony.  By  your  active  co-operation  with  us,  in 
such  measures  as  were  deemed  most  essential  for  our  defence — we  saw 
with  satisfaction  that  our  enemies  were  obliged  to  abandon  their  intended 
enterprise.  We  should  sooner  have  expressed  our  sentiments  of  your 
conduct,  had  not  your  unexpected  removal  from  H.  M.  S.  the  Alarm,  and 
your  sudden  departure  for  England,  deprived  us  of  the  opportunity  of 
doing  so.  We  hope  the  services  you  have  rendered  this  colony  will  re- 
commend you  to  the  notice  of  our  most  gracious  Sovereign,  and  that  he 
will  not  suffer  your  merits  to  pass  unrewarded  ;  and  we  sincerely  flatter 
ourselves,  whilst  we  regret  your  departure  from  amongst  us,  that  wher- 
ever his  Majesty's  service  may  require  your  presence,  you  may  enjoy 
every  degree  of  happiness  which  life  can  afford. 

"  We  remain  most  respectfully,  Sir, 

"  Your  obedient,  humble  Servants, 
(Signed)  "W.  TURN  BULL,  President. 

"  To  Captain  Cooke,  late  Commander  of 

"  H.  M.  ships,  Inspector  and  Alarm" 

Captain  Cooke,  on  his  arrival  in  England,  lost  no  time  in 
paying  his  respects  to  the  Board  of  Admiralty ;  and  was 
greatly  chagrined  to  find  that  their  Lordships  would  not  con- 
firm his  post  commission  from  the  original  date,  that  of  the 
brave  Faulknor's  death,  on  the  score  that  Rear-Admiral 
Caldwell  was  not  bona  fide  Commander-in-Chief.  By  this 
decision,  he  lost  upwards  of  eight  months  rank,  during  which 


SUPER  AN  NUATBD    REAR- ADMIRALS.  21 

period  no  less  than  forty-three  officers,  who  would  otherwise 
have  been  his  juniors,  took  precedence  of  him.  He  how- 
ever claimed  and  obtained  the  command  of  the  Quebec? 
which  ship  he  joined  on  her  return  from  a  cruise,  Jan.  1, 
1796*. 

After  capturing  a  French  national  cutter,  Captain  Cooke 
was  again  ordered  to  the  West  Indies ;  where  by  his  conduct 
in  a  rencontre  with  two  frigates  of  far  superior  force,  he  ob- 
tained the  commendations  of  his  Commodore,  the  late  Sir 
John  T.  Duckworth.  Whilst  on  the  Jamaica  station  he 
appears,  by  the  following  letter,  to  have  destroyed  a  formidable 
privateer ;  the  particulars  of  which  transaction  we  have  not 
been  able  to  ascertain  : 


"  Cormorant,  Mole  St.  Nicholas,  15th  Aug.  \\ 
"  Sir, — I  am  favored  with  your  account  of  the  destruction  of  the  pri- 
vateer Regulus,  on  which  I  congratulate  you,  as  she  has  been  of  great  an- 
noyance to  the  trade ;  but  I  could  have  wished  that  among  the  16  Sans 
Culottes  who  fell  by  your  well-directed  fire,  that  Pierre  Olanger,  her 
commander,  who  is  an  infamous  scoundrel,  had  been  of  the  party. 

&c.    &c.    &c. 

(Signed)  "  J.  T.  DUCKWORTH. 

«  Captain  Cooke,  H.  M.  S.  Quebec." 

During  Captain  Cooke's  continuance  on  the  Jamaica  sta- 
tion, he  captured  1'Africaine,  a  French  corvette  of  18  guns  ; 
and  destroyed  a  vast  number  of  armed  vessels  and  piratical 
boats,  off  the  island  of  St.  Domingo ; — and  so  highly  were 
those  services  appreciated  by  the  inhabitants  of  St.  Marc's, 
that  they  presented  the  following  address  to  the  Commander- 
in-Chief,  interceding  for  his  continuance  there  : — 

"  The  inhabitants  of  the  town  of  St.  Marc's,  anxious  to  testify  to  Cap- 
tain Cooke,  commander  of  his  Majesty's  frigate  Quebec,  the  great  regret 
they  feel  at  his  quitting  the  station, — desiring  at  the  same  time  to  express 
their  gratitude  to  the  Commodore,  Commander-in-Chief  of  his  Majesty's 
naval  forces,  seize  with  eagerness  this  opportunity  to  assure  the  Commo- 
dore, the  cruises  which  Captain  Cooke  has  made  since  he  has  been  in  our 
vicinity,  have  always  been  attended  with  the  most  happy  success.  The 
number  of  row-boats  and  other  vessels  which  he  has  destroyed,  witness  his 
great  activity  in  cruising,  and  evince  the  services  which  he  has  rendered 
our  town.  Anxious  in  the  very  fullest  manner  to  express  their  just  senti- 
ments to  Captain  Cooke,  the  inhabitants  of  this  town  supplicate  the  Com- 

*  Captain  Cooke's  post  commission  was  dated  Sept.  8,  1795;  bis  ap- 
pointment to  the  Thisbe,  Jan.  6,  1795. 


22  SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS. 

modore  that  he  will  be  pleased  to  continue  him  on  the  station.     They  will 
not  cease  to  pray  for  the  continuation  of  success  to  his  Majesty's  arms." 

Signed  by  JANUABIUS  DUQUESNK,  various  other 
officers  of  the  garrison,  and  all  the  principal  in- 
habitants of  the  town  of  St.  Marc's. 
"  To  J.  T.  Duckworth,  Esq.,  Commodore,  fyc.  fyc.  fyc." 

Our  limits  do  not  admit  of  the  introduction  of  other  docu- 
ments, relative  to  the  zeal  invariably  displayed  by  Captain 
Cooke  in  the  furtherance  of  the  public  service.  Such  being 
the  case,  we  must  conclude  this  memoir  by  observing,  that 
the  subject  thereof  returned  to  England  in  Oct.  1797,  since 
which  period  he  has  not  been  employed  afloat. 

On  the  renewal  of  the  war,  in  1803,  Captain  Cooke  was 
appointed  to  the  command  of  the  Sea  Fencibles  between  Cal- 
shot  Castle  and  St.  Alban's  Head.  In  May,  1804,  he  as- 
sumed the  command  of  all  the  lighters,  launches,  &c.  armed, 
in  and  about  the  Medway,  for  the  purpose  of  encountering 
the  formidable  flotilla,  of  which  even  those  who  called  them- 
selves Britons,  at  that  time  stood  so  much  in  dread.  His 
last  public  service  was  that  of  superintending  the  equipment 
of  the  gun-boats  destined  to  accompany  the  Walcheren  ex- 
pedition*. The  Sea  Fencibles  being  disbanded  early  in 
1810,  our  officer  at  that  period,  like  many  others,  both  then 
and  now,  wishing  for  active  service,  came  on  half-pay. 

Captain  Cooke,  in  consequence  of  the  regulation,  proscrib- 
ing officers  who  had  not  commanded  ships  of  the  line  since 
the  peace  of  Amiens  from  becoming  Flag-Officers,  was  su- 
perannuated with  the  rank  of  Rear-Admiral,  June  20,  1814. 

Mrs.  Cooke  died  at  Portchester,  Feb.  26,  1822,  aged  69 
year*. 

Residence. — Tiverton,  Devon. 



JOHN  DAWSON,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Post-Captain,  April  3,  1/96 ; 
and  towards  the  conclusion  of  the  revolutionary  war,  com- 
manded the  Diadem,  troop-ship,  from  which  he  removed  into 
the  Asia  of  64  guns,  on  the  Baltic  station.  He  was  super- 
annuated June  28,  1814.  It  is  said  of  a  gentleman  of  the 
same  name,  who  commanded  the  Phaeton  frigate,  in  1787, 
*  See  vol.  1,  p.  290. 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS.  23 

and  was  afterwards  dismissed  his  Majesty's  service,  that 
when  presiding  at  a  court-martial,  he  desired  the  prisoner, 
who  had  been  sentenced  to  be  hanged,  "  to  prepare  himself  for 
death,  without  delay, — and  to  thank  God  it  was  no  worse 
with  him."  This  may  probably  account  for  the  well-known 
expression  among  sailors, — "  death,  or  worse  punishment." 
Residence. — Carrickfergus,  Ireland. 


SHULDHAM  PEARD,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer,  a  son  of  the  late  Captain  George  Peard,  R.  N., 
was  born  at  Penryn,  co.  Cornwall,  in  1761  ;  entered  the  na- 
val service  in  1773  ',  was  at  Newfoundland  when  the  war 
commenced  between  Great  Britain  and  her  American  colo- 
nies; and  in  1779  had  the  misfortune  to  be  taken  prisoner 
in  a  Spanish  vessel,  of  which  he  had  charge,  captured  by  the 
Thetis  frigate.  Being  carried  into  Cadiz,  he  was  from 
thence  transferred  with  his  crew  to  Cordova,  where  he  re- 
mained until  exchanged.  In  the  following  year  he  was  pro- 
moted to  the  rank  of  Lieutenant.  His  post- commission 
bears  date  Nov.  30,  1795  ;  about  which  time  we  find  him 
commanding  the  Britannia,  a  first-rate,  bearing  the  flag  of 
the  late  Lord  Hotham,  on  the  Mediterranean  station.  From 
that  ship  he  removed  into  the  St.  George,  of  98  guns. 

Early  in  July,  1797?  a  most  daring  mutiny  broke  out  on 
board  the  St.  George,  which  was  happily  quelled  by  the 
spirit  and  activity  of  her  Commander  and  his  first  Lieutenant, 
aided  by  a  detachment  of  the  25th  regiment,  then  serving  as 
marines,  under  the  command  of  Captain  (now  Major-Ge- 
neral)  Samuel  Venables  Hinde.  The  meritorious  conduct 
of  Captain  Peard  on  this  occasion  sets  a  noble  example  to 
the  officers  of  the  British  navy.  The  circumstance  was  as 
follows : — Three  men,  who  had  been  sentenced  to  suffer 
death  for  mutinous  behaviour  in  another  ship,  were  sent  on 
board  the  St.  George  to  be  executed.  The  crew,  on  the 
arrival  of  the  prisoners,  drew  up  a  remonstrance  in  their 
favor,  and  begged  of  Captain  Peard  to  intercede  in  their 
behalf  with  the  Commander-in-Chief.  The  Captain  replied 
that  their  prayer  should  be  laid  before  the  Earl  of  St.  Vincent ; 
and  in  pursuance  of  his  promise,  he  lost  no  time  in  sub- 
mitting the  remonstrance  to  his  Lordship.  The  Admiral's 


24  SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRAtS. 

answer  was,  that  he  considered  the  sentence  of  the  mutineers 
as  founded  upon  solid  justice  and  imperious  necessity ;  and 
consequently  he  could  not  think  of  retracting  the  sanction 
which  he  had  given  to  the  judgment  of  the  court-martial, 
by  whom  they  had  been  convicted.  Upon  this  determina- 
tion being  made  known  to  the  crew  of  the  St  George,  the 
strongest  symptoms  of  disaffection  were  manifested  by  them. 
Their  conduct  was  not  unobserved  by  Captain  Peard,  who 
took  the  precaution  to  watch  their  proceedings  with  the 
utmost  strictness :  one  of  the  seamen,  who  was  well  ac- 
quainted with  their  designs,  informed  him  that  they  had 
entered  into  a  resolution  of  seizing  the  ship,  deposing  the 
officers,  and  liberating  the  condemned  culprits.  The  even- 
ing previous  to  the  day  appointed  for  carrying  into  effect 
the  sentence  of  the  court-martial,  was  the  time  fixed  upon 
to  put  their  plan  into  force.  Captain  Peard  seeing  the  crew 
assemble  on  the  main-deck,  immediately  approached,  and 
addressed  them  to  the  following  effect : — "  1  am  perfectly 
aware  of  your  intentions,  and  shall  oppose  them  at  the  risk 
of  my  life.  You  have  determined  to  resist  the  authority 
of  your  officers ;  I  am  resolved  to  do  my  duty,  and  to  en- 
force strict  obedience  to  my  orders.  I  am  sensible  that  the 
greater  part  of  you  are  the  victims  of  delusion :  I  know 
the  ringleaders,  and  do  not  hesitate  to  declare  my  intentions 
of  bringing  them  to  justice.  I  command  you  to  disperse, 
and  to  return  to  your  duty." 

Finding  this  address  did  not  produce  the  desired  effect. 
Captain  Peard,  accompanied  by  Lieutenant  Hatley,  rushed 
in  among  the  crowd,  resolutely  seized  two  of  the  people, 
whom  he  knew  to  be  the  promoters  of  the  conspiracy, 
dragged  them  out  by  main  force,  and  put  them  in  irons, 
without  experiencing  any  opposition  from  the  remainder 
of  the  crew.  The  resolution  and  determined  courage  dis- 
played by  Captain  Peard  on  this  occasion,  had  such  an 
effect  upon  them,  that  order  was  immediately  restored,  and 
they  returned  peaceably  to  their  duty.  The  next  morning 
the  three  mutineers  were  hanged  at  the  yard-arm;  and  a 
few  days  after,  the  two  ring-leaders  of  the  St.  George  were 
tried  by  a  court-martial,  condemned  to  suffer  death,  and 
executed  accordingly. 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS.  25 

The  following  memorandum  was  given  out  by  Earl  St. 
Vincent,  the  night  before  the  execution  of  the  latter  offend- 
ers : — 

"  General  Order. — Every  ship  in  the  fleet  is  to  send  two  boats,  with  an 
officer  in  each,  and  two  marines  or  soldiers  properly  armed  in  each  boat, 
on  board  his  Majesty's  ship  the  St.  George,  at  half  past  seven  to-morrow 
morning,  to  attend  a  punishment.  The  sentence  is  to  be  carried  into 
execution  by  the  crew  of  the  St.  George  alone ;  and  no  part  of  the  boats' 
crews  of  other  ships,  as  is  usual  on  similar  occasions,  are  to  assist  in  this 
painful  service ;  in  order  to  mark  the  high  sense  the  Commander-in-Chief 
entertains  of  the  loyalty,  fidelity,  and  subordination  of  the  rest  of  the  fleet, 
which  he  will  not  fail  to  make  known  to  the  Lords  Commissioners  of  the 
Admiralty,  and  request  their  Lordships  to  lay  it  before  the  King.  This 
memorandum  is  to  be  read  to  the  ships'  companies." 

The  St.  George  was  afterwards  attached  to  the  Channel 
fleet;  and  Captain  Peard  continued  to  command  her  until 
the  month  of  February,  1799?  when  he  was  appointed  to 
the  Success  frigate,  and  again  ordered  to  the  Mediterranean. 
On  his  passage  thither,  he  fell  in  with  a  fleet  of  French  ships, 
consisting  of  upwards  of  thirty  sail,  nineteen  of  which  he 
judged  to  be  of  the  line.  The  Success  was  at  one  time 
within  four  miles  of  two  of  their  line-of-battle  ships,  which 
chased  her  from  noon  until  4h  30'  P.  M.,  at  which  time  they 
discontinued  the  pursuit. 

On  the  9th  June  following,  Captain  Peard  discovered  a 
Spanish  polacre,  which  sought  refuge  in  the  harbour  of  la 
Seva,  a  small  port  about  two  leagues  from  Cape  Creux.  As 
there  did  not  appear  any  batteries  to  protect  her,  and  the 
weather  being  favorable,  he  was  induced  to  send  his  boats  in 
to  bring  her  out,  under  the  directions  of  Lieutenants  Facey 
and  Stupart.  They  left  the  ship  at  four  in  the  afternoon, 
and  at  eight  were  seen  coming  out  with  the  polacre,  which 
had  made  a  gallant  resistance.  She  proved  to  be  the  Bella 
Aurora,  from  Genoa  bound  to  Barcelona,  laden  with  silk, 
cotton,  rice,  &c.,  mounting  10  carriage  guns,  9  and  6-pound- 
ers,  with  1 13  men.  She  was  surrounded  by  a  high  boarding 
netting,  and  supported  at  the  same  time  by  a  small  battery, 
and  a  heavy  fire  of  musketry  from  the  shore ;  in  spite  of 
which  our  brave  countrymen,  forty-two  only  in  number, 
most  resolutely  boarded  and  carried  her,  but  not  without 
some  loss,  three  of  them  being  killed,  Lieutenant  (now  Cap- 


26  SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS. 

tain)  Stupart,  and  9  others,  badly  wounded.  It  is  said 
that  a  marine,  who  had  his  right  arm  broke  by  a  grape  shot, 
was  asked  by  Lieutenant  Facey,  "  If  his  arm  was  not 
disabled  ?"  to  which  he  nobly  replied,  "  Yes,  it  was ;  but 
thank  God,  though  he  could  not  pull  a  trigger  with  his 
right,  he  could  wield  a  cutlass  with  his  left  hand;"  and 
in  this  situation  was  very  active  in  assisting  to  board  and 
capture  the  enemy. 

The  Success  was  subsequently  employed  in  the  blockade 
of  Malta ;  and  on  the  10th  Feb.  1800,  'when  the  squadron 
under  the  orders  of  Lord  Nelson  intercepted  le  Genereux 
of  74  guns,  bearing  the  flag  of  Rear-Admiral  Perree,  Com- 
mander-in-Chief  of  the  French  naval  force  in  the  Mediter- 
ranean, Captain  Peard  displayed  great  judgment  and  gal- 
lantry in  laying  his  frigate  across  the  enemy's  hawse,  in 
which  position  he  raked  him  with  several  broadsides.  The 
Success  on  this  occasion  had  1  man  killed  and  9  wounded. 
Le  Genereux  was  from  Toulon,  and  had  on  board  a  number 
of  troops  bound  for  the  relief  of  Malta.  A  large  armed 
transport,  with  stores,  provisions,  &c.,  was  taken  at  the 
same  time. 

On  the  9th  Feb.  1801,  whilst  lying  in  Gibraltar  Bay,  Cap- 
tain Peard  saw  seven  ships  of  the  line  and  two  frigates  pass 
to  the  eastward  under  a  press  of  sail ;  and  having  no  doubt 
but  they  were  French,  and  their  destination  Egypt,  he 
immediately  determined  to  put  to  sea,  endeavour  to  pass 
them,  call  off  Minorca,  and  then  proceed  to  Lord  Keith 
with  the  intelligence.  The  next  morning  he  came  up  with 
them  off  Cape  de  Gatte,  and  passed  them  in  the  night.  The 
two  following  days  they  were  in  sight,  but  very  distant, — 
the  wind  variable  and  light.  During  the  night  of  the  12th, 
the  wind  blew  fresh  from  the  South,  and  as  Captain  Peard 
carried  every  sail  the  ship  would  bear,  he  imagined  his  dis- 
tance would  have  been  greatly  increased  by  the  morning; 
but  had  the  mortification  to  find  the  enemy  at  day-light 
close  upon  his  larboard  quarter.  They  immediately  gave 
chase  j  and  as  our  officer  saw  it  was  scarcely  possible  to 
escape,  he  determined  to  run  them  back  to  the  westward, 
as-  it  would  materially  retard,  or  might  bring  them  in  sight 
of  any  British  ships  that  should  be  in  pursuit  of  them.  At 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS.  27 

noon  the  wind  fell,  which,  with  a  head  sea,  gave  the  enemy 
every  advantage.  At  three  o'clock  they  were  within  musket- 
shot,  and  two  ships  of  the  line,  one  on  the  beam,  the  other 
on  the  quarter,  began  to  fire;  when  being  convinced  that 
nothing  more  could  be  done,  Captain  Peard  reluctantly  or- 
dered the  colours  to  be  hauled  down. 

The  French  squadron  was  commanded  by  Rear-Admiral 
Gantheaume,  and  had  sailed  from  Brest  on  the  23d  of  the 
preceding  month.  Six  days  after  the  capture  of  the  Success, 
they  anchored  at  Toulon,  from  whence  Captain  Peard,  with 
his  officers,  were  sent  in  a  cartel  to  Port  Mahon,  where  they 
arrived  on  the  26th  February. 

Soon  after  his  return  to  England,  the  subject  of  this  me- 
moir was  appointed  to  the  Audacious  of  74  guns  ;  and  on 
the  16th  June,  in  the  same  year,  he  sailed  with  the  squadron 
under  Sir  James  Saumarez,  sent  to  blockade  Cadiz. 

In  the  action  with  the  French  squadron  off  Algesiras,  on 
the  6th  of  the  following  month  *,  the  Audacious  had  8  men 
killed  and  32  wounded.  She  returned  to  Spithead  in  Oc~ 
tober  j  and  from  that  time  until  the  spring  of  1802,  formed 
part  of  the  Channel  fleet.  At  the  latter  period  she  was  or- 
dered to  the  West  Indies,  where  she  continued  until  the  en- 
suing autumn. 

On  the  renewal  of  hostilities  against  France,  in  1803,  Cap- 
tain Peard  was  appointed  to  the  command  of  the  Sea  Fenci- 
bles  from  the  Ram  Head  to  the  Dodman.  He  was  super- 
annuated, with  the  rank  of  Rear- Admiral,  July  5,  1814. 

Residence. — Exeter. 


JOHN  BAZELY,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  is  the  son  of  the  late  Admiral  John  Bazely, 
who  commanded  the  Alfred  of  74  guns,  in  the  battle  of  June 
1,  1794,  in  the  glories  of  which  memorable  day  the  subject 
of  this  sketch  also  participated,  he  being  at  that  time  third 
Lieutenant  of  the  Royal  George,  a  first  rate,  bearing  the  flag 
of  the  late  Lord  Bridport,  under  whom  he  likewise  served  as 
Captain  of  the  Prince  of  Wales,  a  98-gun  ship,  carrying  the 
flag  of  Rear-Admiral  Harvey,  in  the  action  off  L'Orient,  June 

•  See  Vol.  I,  p.  1!#. 


28  SUPERANNUATED  REAR-ADMIRALS, 

23,  1795* ;  soon  after  which  event  he  was  appointed  to  the 
Hind  of  28  guns,  stationed  in  the  Channel.  Towards  the 
latter  end  of  1/97  he  joined  the  Overyssel  of  64  guns,  as 
Flag-Captain  to  Admiral  Peyton  ;  and  in  that  ship  he  assisted 
at  the  capture  of  the  Dutch  fleet  in  the  Texel,  in  the  month 
of  August  1799  f. 

Captain  Bazely  continued  in  the  Overyssel  until  the  peace 
of  Amiens.  He  subsequently  commanded  the  Sea  Fencibles 
from  the  mouth  of  the  Humber  to  the  river  Ouze.  His  post 
commission  bears  date  November  11,  1794;  and  his  super- 
annuation took  place  July  9,  1814. 

Residence. — Dover. 

ALEXANDER  WILSON,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer's  good  conduct  when  coxswain  to  the  late  Lord 
Bridport,  raised  him  to  favor  and  promotion.  He  was  a  Lieu- 
tenant in  that  nobleman's  flag-ship  on  the  glorious  1st  June, 
1794,  and  in  the  action  off  1'Orient  ^ ;  after  which  he  was  en- 
trusted with  the  charge  of  the  Alexander  74,  recaptured  from 
the  enemy  on  that  occasion.  His  post  commission  is  dated 
September  2,  1795.  He  subsequently  commanded  the  Flora 
frigate,  and  Trusty,  a  50  gun  ship,  armed  en  flute  ;  served  in 
the  expedition  against  the  French  in  Egypt ;  and  is  one  of 
those  gentlemen  who  were  presented  with  the  Turkish  gold 
medal.  He  was  superannuated  July  18,  1814. 

Residence. — Wexford,  Ireland. 


SIMON  MILLER,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  commanded  the  Experiment,  a  44-gun  ship 
armed  en  flute,  at  the  reduction  of  Martinique,  Guadaloupe, 
&c.  in  1794,  and  was  posted  by  Sir  John  Jervis  into  the  Van- 
guard 74,  bearing  the  flag  of  Rear-Admiral  Charles  Thompson, 
in  which  ship  he  convoyed  home  a  fleet  of  merchantmen  in 
1797.  His  post  commission  bears  date  Nov.  4,  1794.  During 
his  continuance  in  the  West  Indies  he  was  attacked  three 
times  by  the  yellow  fever.  He  was  superannuated  August  16, 
1814.  Mrs.  Miller  died  Dec.  31,  1823,  aged  67. 

Residence.— Twyford,  near  Winchester. 

•  See  Vol.  I.  pp.  76  and  246.      f  See  Vol.  I.  note  at  p.  414,  tt  teq. 
»  See  Vol.  I.  pp.  76  and  246. 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALSi  29 

RICHARD  DACRES,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer,  whose  ancestors  appear  to  have  settled  at  Lea- 
therhead,  in  Surrey,  about  the  close  of  the  sixteenth  century,  is 
the  fifth  son  of  the  late  Richard  Dacres,  Esq.  Secretary  to  the 
garrison  of  Gibraltar,  by  Mary,  daughter  of  William  Bateman, 
Esq.  of  Bury  St.  Edmund's,  in  the  county  of  Suffolk,  and  a 
brother  of  the  late  Vice- Admiral  Dacres. 

He  was  born  in  Sept.  1761,  entered  the  naval  service  in 
1775,  and  served  as  a  Midshipman  on  board  the  Renown  of 
50  guns,  at  the  evacuation  of  Boston*,  and  the  reduction  of 
New  York,  Rhode  Island  f,  and  on  various  other  services. 

Mr.  Dacres  remained  in  the  Renown  until  1778,  when  he 
returned  to  England  and  joined  the  Apollo  frigate,  commanded 
by  Captain  Philemon  Pownall.  He  was  consequently  in  the 
action  between  that  ship  and  1'Oiseau  French  frigate,  Jan.  31, 
1779j  which  terminated  in  the  capture  of  the  enemy.  On 
this  occasion  the  Apollo  had  6  men  killed  and  22,  including 
her  Commander  and  his  two  Lieutenants,  wounded.  The 
enemy's  loss  was  never  ascertained. 

Our  officer  was  afterwards  removed  into  the  Victory,  a  first 
rate,  bearing  the  flag  of  Sir  Charles  Hardy,  Commander-in- 
Chief  of  the  Channel  fleet ;  by  whom  he  was  promoted  to  the 
rank  of  Lieutenant,  and  appointed  to  the  Amazon  frigate,  com- 
manded by  the  Hon.  W.  C.  Finch,  with  whom  he  proceeded 
to  the  West  Indies  in  the  spring  of  1780. 

During  the  memorable  hurricane  which  visited  the  West 
India  islands  on  the  10th  and  llth  Oct.  in  that  year  J,  the 
Amazon  had  a  narrow  escape  from  destruction.  The  parti- 
culars of  her  situation  are  thus  related  in  Captain  Finch's 
official  letter  on  that  subject : — 

"  The  morning  of  the  commencement  of  the  gale,  the  Amazon  stood  un- 
der her  storm  stay-sails ;  it  was  but  for  a  short  time  the  canvas  held  :  after 
that  the  ship  behaved  perfectly  well.  About  seven  at  night  the  gale  in- 
creased to  a  degree  that  can  be  better  conceived  from  the  consequences, 
than  any  description  I  can  give.  There  was  an  evident  necessity  of  doing 
something  to  relieve  the  ship ;  but  I  was  unwilling  to  cut  away  the  lower 
masts  till  the  last  extremity,  and  accordingly  ordered  the  people  to  cut 
away  the  main-top-mast :  my  orders  were  attempted  to  be  put  into  execu- 
tion with  the  utmost  alacrity ;  but  before  it  could  be  accomplished,  I 

*  See  Vol.  I,  p.  39  *.    f  See  Retired  Captain  Sir  ANDREW  S.  HAMOND. 
J  See  Vol.  I,  p.  105. 


30  SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS. 

found  it  necessary  to  call  them  down  to  cut  away  the  main-mast.  Whilst 
I  was  waiting  for  the  men  to  come  down,  a  sudden  gust  overset  the  ship  ; 
most  of  the  officers,  with  myself,  and  a  number  of  the  ship's  company,  got 
upon  the  side  of  the  ship ;  the  wheel  on  the  quarter-deck  was  then  under 
water.  In  this  situation  I  could  perceive  the  ship  settling  bodily  some  feet, 
until  the  water  washed  up  to  the  after  part  of  the  slides  of  the  carronades 
on  the  weather  side.  Notwithstanding  the  ship  was  so  far  gone,  upon  the 
masts,  bowsprit,  &c.  going  away,  she  righted  as  far  as  to  bring  the  lee  gun- 
wale even  with  the  water's  edge.  By  the  exertion  of  all  the  officers  and 
men,  we  soon  got  the  lee  quarter-deck  guns  and  carronades  overboard, 
and  soon  after  one  of  the  forecastle  guns  and  sheet  anchor  cut  away  ;  which 
had  ao  good  an  effect,  that  we  were  enabled  to  get  at  the  pumps  and  lee 
guns  on  the  main-deck :  the  throwing  them  overboard  was,  in  our  situa- 
tion, a  work  of  great  difficulty ;  and  I  could  perceive  the  ship  was  already 
going  down  by  the  stern.  This  arduous  task  was  accomplished  under  the 
direction  of  Lieutenant  Edward  Pakenham,  whose  great  experience  and 
determined  perseverance,  marked  him  out  as  perhaps  the  only  individual 
to  whom  (amidst  such  great  exertions)  a  pre-eminence  could  be  given. 
The  water  was  above  the  cable  on  the  orlop-deck,  with  a  vast  quantity  be- 
tween decks  ;  and  the  stump  of  the  main-mast  falling  out  of  the  step,  oc- 
casioned one  of  the  chain  pumps  to  be  rendered  useless,  as  was  the  other 
soon  after :  by  the  great  activity  of  the  two  carpenter's  mates,  they  were 
alternately  cleared.  Besides  the  loss  of  our  masts,  the  ship  has  suffered 
considerable  damages,  the  books  and  papers  totally  destroyed,  and  20  sea- 
men drowned  and  wounded." 

From  the  Amazon,  Mr.  Dacres  was  removed,  as  first  Lieu- 
tenant, into  the  Alcide  of  74  guns,  Captain  C.  Thompson ; 
in  which  ship  he  was  present  in  Admiral  Graves'  action  off 
the  Chesapeake,  Sept.  5th,  1781  * ;  and  in  the  different  skir- 
mishes with  Count  de  Grasse's  squadron,  at  St.  Christopher's, 
in  the  beginning  of  the  year  1782  f.  He  also  participated  in 
Rodney's  glorious  victory  over  the  French  fleet,  on  the  12th 
April  succeeding  %. 

The  present  just  rule,  of  promoting  first  Lieutenants  on 
such  occasions,  was  not  then  established  j  and  Mr.  Dacres  re- 
mained in  the  Alcide  till  1783,  when  he  was  appointed  junior 
Lieutenant  of  the  Bombay  Castle  74,  stationed  at  Ports- 
mouth, where  he  continued  about  two  years,  and  then  accom- 
panied .Commodore  Sawyer  to  Halifax,  in  the  Leander  50, 
from  which  ship  he  was  paid  off  in  1788. 

In  the  Spanish  armament  of  1790,  Lieutenant  Dacres  was 
appointed,  first,  to  the  Dictator  64,  and  afterM-ards  to  the 

*  See  Vol.  I.  p.  133.  f  See  retired  Captain  J.  N.  INGLEFIKLD. 

\  See  Vol.  J.,  note  at  p.  35,  et  seq. 


SUPERANNUATED    BEAK-ADMIRALS.  31 

Windsor  Castle  of  98  guns,  bearing  the  flag  of  Rear  Admiral 
Sawyer.  r^J* 

The  difference  with  Spain,  it  will  be  recollected,  was  ami- 
cably settled ;  and  from  that  period  till  the  commencement 
of  hostilities  against  the  French  republic,  Mr.  Dacres  re- 
mained unemployed.  He  was  then  appointed  to  command 
the  Union  armed  brig ;  from  which  vessel  he  removed  as  first 
Lieutenant  into  the  Hannibal  of  74  guns,  commanded  by  the 
late  Sir  John  Colpoys. 

In  1794,  the  Hannibal  being  put  out  of  commission,  he 
was  appointed  first  Lieutenant  of  the  Diamond  frigate,  com- 
manded by  his  old  messmate  and  steady  friend  Sir  W.  Sidney 
Smith.  With  that  officer  he  appears  to  have  remained  but  a 
short  time ;  as  in  the  month  of  October  following,  we  find 
him  serving  with  his  former  Commander,  Rear-Admiral  Col- 
poys, in  the  London  of  98  guns. 

At  length,  in  the  month  of  March,  1795,  after  serving 
fifteen  years  as  a  Lieutenant,  Mr.  Dacres  was  promoted  to 
the  rank  of  Commander,  in  the  Childers  sloop  ;  and  on  the 
31st  Oct.  following,  he  was  further  advanced  by  being  made 
a  Post-Captain,  in  the  Camilla  of  20  guns,  on  the  North  Sea 
station.  During  the  time  he  commanded  the  former  vessel, 
he  captured  the  Vigilante,  a  national  cutter,  mounting  6  guns. 

In  the  spring  of  1797,  Captain  Dacres  was  removed  into 
the  Astrea  frigate,  and  soon  after  performed  a  most  essential 
service  by  effecting  his  escape  from  the  Nore  during  the 
height  of  the  general  mutiny,  and  convoying  a  valuable  fleet 
in  safety  to  the  Baltic.  Whilst  in  that  ship  he  also  captured 
several  French  and  Dutch  privateers.  The  Astrea  being 
paid  off  in  1799,  our  officer  remained  without  any  other  ap- 
pointment until  early'  in  1801,  when  he  obtained  the  com- 
mand of  the  Juste  of  80  guns,  and  accompanied  Sir  Robert 
Calder  to  the  West  Indies,  in  pursuit  of  a  French  squadron 
that  had  escaped  from  Brest. 

On  his  return  to  England,  our  officer  was  appointed  to  the 
De  Ruyter  of  68  guns,  stationed  as  a  guardship  at  Spithead  j 
in  which  he  remained  till  the  cessation  of  hostilities.  He 
then  joined  the  Desiree,  and  went  to  Jamaica  with  the  squa- 
dron under  the  late  Sir  George  Campbell,  but  quitted  her 
there  in  consequence  of  ill  health. 


32  SUPERANNUATED    REAR- ADMIRALS. 

On  the  renewal  of  the  war  in  1803,  Captain  Dacres  was 
appointed  to  the  Sea  Fencible  service  at  Dartmouth ;  and  in 
1805,  when  his  friend  Sir  W.  Sidney  Smith  hoisted  his  flag 
in  the  Pompee,  he  proceeded  with  him,  as  his  Captain,  to  the 
Mediterranean,  where  he  was  engaged  in  a  great  variety  of 
services,  particularly  on  the  coast  of  Calabria,  and  at  the 
forcing  of  the  passage  of  the  Dardanelles,  and  destruction  of  a 
Turkish  squadron  off  Point  Pesquies*. 

The  Pompee,  as  already  mentioned  in  our  memoir  of  Sir 
W.  Sidney  Smith,  returned  to  England  from  Alexandria  in 
June  1807,  and  soon  after  received  the  flag  of  Vice-Admiral 
Stanhope,  whom  Captain  Dacres  accompanied  to  Copenhagen, 
where  he  displayed  very  great  activity,  zeal,  and  presence  of 
mind,  in  his  exertions  to  subdue  an  alarming  fire  which  un- 
fortunately broke  out  hi  the  dock-yard,  on  the  night  of  Sept. 
22,  for  which  he  received  a  very  deserved  tribute  of  praise 
from  Sir  Samuel  Hood,  under  whose  orders  he  was  at  that 
time  superintending  the  equipment  of  the  Danish  fleet,  and 
was  presented  by  Admiral  Gambier  and  Lord  Cathcart,  the 
naval  and  military  Commanders-in-Chief,  with  a  handsome 
piece  of  plate,  as  a  token  of  their  approbation. 

On  the  2d  Feb.  1808,  Captain  Dacres  was  appointed  Go- 
vernor of  the  Royal  Naval  Asylum,  where  he  continued  until 
August  1816,  highly  respected  by  every  individual  connected 
with,  or  participating  in  the  benefits  of  that  admirable  insti- 
tution f.  He  was  superannuated  with  the  rank  of  Rear  Ad- 
miral, March  29,  1817. 

Our  officer  married,  in  1788,  Miss  Martha  Phillips  Milligan, 
by  whom  he  has  several  children,  one  of  whom  is  the  lady  of 
Captain  W.  F.  Carrol,  R.  N.  C.  B.  and  another  has  recently 
been  united  to  Captain  H.  S.  Olivier,  of  the  32d  regiment. 

Residence. — Bathford,  co.  Somerset. 

*  See  Vol.  I.  pp.  315,  eteq.  799,  et  seq.  and  809. 

f  The  Royal  Naval  Asylum  was  firsc  instituted  by  two  philanthropic 
chiefs  of  the  Hebrew  nation,  (Messrs.  Benjamin  and  Abraham  Goldsmid) 
aided  by  the  public  and  professional  skill  of  the  gallant  Sir  W.  Sidney 
Smith.  The  object  of  the  institution  is  the  education  of  children,  whose  fa- 
thers are,  or  have  been,  engaged  in  the  naval  service  of  their  country.  The 
number  of  pupils  was  originally  intended  to  be  1000  ;  but  at  present  it  is, 
we  believe,  restricted  to  a  smaller  number. 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS»  33 

D'ARCY  PRESTON,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  served  under  Sir  John  Jervis  at  the  reduction 
of  Martinique  and  St.  Lucia,  in  1794 ;  and  after  the  cap- 
ture of  the  latter  island,  was  promoted  from  a  Lieutenancy  in 
the  Boyne  of  98  guns,  to  the  command  of  the  Rattlesnake 
sloop  of  war,  in  which  vessel  he  returned  to  England  with  the 
officers  who  were  charged  with  the  official  accounts  of  that 
conquest.  He  afterwards  commanded  the  Termagant  sloop ; 
and  on  the  13th  June  1/96,  was  posted  into  la  Mignonne  of  32 
guns,  from  which  ship  he  removed  into  the  Blanche,  another 
frigate  of  the  same  class. 

On  the  night  of  Dec.  19,  in  the  same  year,  the  Blanche,  in 
company  with  la  Minerve,  bearing  the  broad  pendant  of  Com- 
modore Nelson,  fell  in  with  two  Spanish  frigates,  one  of 
which,  the  Sabina,  was  taken  by  the  latter,  but  soon  after  re- 
captured*. Captain  Preston  engaged  the  other,  and  obliged 
her  to  surrender,  with  the  loss  of  22  men  killed  and  wounded ; 
but  before  she  could  be  taken  possession  of,  a  Spanish  3- 
decker  and  two  other  frigates  approached,  and  compelled  the 
Blanche  to  wear  and  make  sail  in  the  direction  of  her  consort. 

Captain  Preston  subsequently  commanded  the  Dido  of  28 
guns,  Boston  32,  and  during  the  greater  part  of  the  late  war,  the 
Sea  Fencibles  between  Flamborough  Head  and  the  river  Tees. 
In  Dec.  1813,  he  was  appointed  Commodore  of  a  division  of 
prison-ships ;  and  on  die  24th  Aug.  1819,  obtained  the  su- 
perannuation of  a  Rear-Admiral.  His  eldest  son  is  in  holy 
orders ;  another  is  a  Lieutenant  R.  N. 

Residence. — Askam,  near  York. 


MAN  DOBSON,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Post-Captain  June  28,  1796  j  and 
from  that  period  till  the  latter  end  of  1800,  commanded  the 
Queen  of  98  guns,  bearing  the  flag  of  Sir  Hyde  Parker,  on 
the  Jamaica  station.  At  the  close  of  the  late  war  he  was  em- 
ployed to  regulate  the  Impress  service  at  Bristol.  His  su- 
perannuation took  place  Aug.  24,  1819. 

Residence.— Oxendon,  near  Market  Harborough,  Leices- 
tershire. 

•  See  Vol.  I.  p.  520. 

VOL.  II.  D 


34  SUPERANNUATED    UEAR-ADMIRAL9. 

THOMAS  PEARSE,  ESQ. 

POSTED  Dec.  6,   1796;  superannuated   Aug.  24,    1819' 
resides  at  Bradninch,  near  Columpton,  in  Devonshire. 


JOSEPH  BULLEN,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer,  the  second  son  of  the  late  Rev.  John  Bullen, 
Rector  of  Kennet,  in  Cambridgeshire,  and  of  Rushmoor-cum- 
Newburn,  co.  Suffolk,  entered  the  navy  in  1774,  under  the 
patronage  of  the  late  Hon.  Sir  William  Cornwallis,  and 
served  with  that  admirable  officer  during  the  greater  part  of 
the  American  war.  He  was  with  him  in  the  Isis  at  the  re- 
duction of  Mud  fort  *,  and  in  the  Lion,  in  the  action  between 
Byron  and  d'Estaing  f. 

On  the  glorious  12th  April,  1782>  when  Rodney  defeated 
de  Grasse,  we  find  Mr.  Bullen  serving  as  a  Lieutenant  on 
board  the  Prince  George  of  98  guns,  commanded  by  the  late 
Captain  John  Williams,  and  not  by  the  present  Admiral 
Freeman,  as  stated  in  our  first  volume  J.  The  Prince  on  that 
occasion  was  next  astern  of  the  Princessa,  which  ship  carried 
the  flag  of  Rear- Admiral  Drake,  and  led  the  fleet  into  action. 

Lieutenant  Bullen  subsequently  served  with  the  late  Lord 
Nelson,  in  the  Hinchinbrooke  frigate,  on  the  Mosquito  shore ; 
where  the  mortality  was  so  great,  owing  to  the  unhealthiness 
of  the  climate,  that  at  the  end  of  six  weeks,  only  27  officers 
and  men  were  surviving,  out  of  a  complement  of  235  §. 

*  See  Retired  Captain  Sir  ANDREW  SNAPE  HAMOXD. 
t  See  Retired  Captain  ROBERT  FANSHAWE. 

J  We  were  led  into  the  mistake  alluded  to,  by  Schomberg,  whose  errors 
of  this  description  are  innumerable. 

§  Early  in  1780,  a  project  was  formed  by  General  Dalling,  Governor  of 
Jamaica,  against  the  Spanish  American  colonies.  This  design  was  to  take 
Fort  St.  Juan,  on  theiiver  of  that  name,  which  flows  from  the  Lake  Nica- 
ragua, into  the  Atlantic ;  make  himself  master  of  the  lake  itself,  and  of  the 
cities  of  Grenada  and  Leon  ;  and  thus  cut  off  the  communication  of  the 
Spaniards  between  their  northern  and  southern  possessions  in  America. 
Here  it  is  that  a  canal  between  the  two  seas  may  most  easily  be  formed  ; — 
a  work  more  important  in  its  consequences  than  any  which  has  ever  yet 
been  effected  by  human  power.  The  Secretary  of  State  for  the  American 
department  approved  the  plan :  and  as  discontents  at  that  time  were 
known  to  prevail  in  the  Neuvo  Reyno,  in  Popayan,  and  in  Peru,  the  more 
sanguine  part  of  the  English  nation  began  to  dream  of  acquiring  an  empire 
in  one  part  of  America,  more  extensive  than  that  which  they  were  on  the 
point  of  losing  in  another.  General  Balling's  plans  were  well-formed ;  but 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS.  35 

At  the  commencement  of  the  French  revolutionary  war,  he 
again  joined  Captain  Nelson,  in  the  Agamemnon  of  64  guns ; 

the  history  and  the  nature  of  the  country  had  not  been  studied  as  accurately 
as  its  geography  :  the  difficulties  which  occurred  in  fitting  out  the  expedi- 
tion, delayed  it  till  the  season  was  too  far  advanced  ;  and  the  men  were 
thus  sent  to  adventure  themselves,  not  so  much  against  an  enemy,  whom  they 
would  have  beaten,  as  against  a  climate,  which  would  do  the  enemy's  work. 

Five  hundred  men,  destined  for  this  service,  were  conveyed  by  Captain 
Nelson  from  Port  Royal  to  Cape  Gracias  a  Dios,  in  Honduras.  Not  a 
native  was  to  be  seen  when  they  landed :  they  had  been  taught  that  the 
English  came  with  no  other  intent  than  that  of  enslaving  them,  and  car- 
rying them  to  Jamaica.  After  a  while,  however,  one  of  them  ventured 
down,  confiding  in  his  knowledge  of  one  of  the  party ;  and  by  his  means 
the  neighbouring  tribes  were  conciliated  with  presents,  and  brought  in. 
The  troops  were  encamped  on  a  swampy  and  unwholesome  plain,  where 
they  were  joined  by  a  party  of  the  79th  regiment,  from  Black  River,  who 
were  already  in  a  deplorable  state  of  sickness.  Having  remained  here  a 
month,  they  proceeded,  anchoring  frequently,  along  the  Mosquito  shore, 
to  collect  their  Indian  allies,  who  were  to  furnish  proper  boats  for  the  en- 
terprise, and  to  accompany  them.  They  reached  the  river  San  Juan, 
March  24th,  the  latter  end  of  the  dry  season,  and  the  worst  time  for  such 
an  expedition,  the  river  being  consequently  low.  About  200  soldiers, 
however,  were  embarked  in  the  Mosquito  shore  craft,  and  in  the  Hinchin- 
brooke's  boats,  and  they  began  their  voyage.  Indians  were  sent  forward 
through  narrow  channels  between  shoals  and  sand-banks,  and  the  English 
were  frequently  obliged  to  quit  the  boats,  and  exert  their  utmost  strength 
to  drag  or  thrust  them  along.  This  labour  continued  for  several  days, 
when  they  came  into  deeper  water ;  they  had  then  currents  and  rapids  to 
contend  with,  which  would  have  been  insurmountable,  but  for  the  skill  of 
the  Indians  in  such  difficulties.  The  brunt  of  the  labour  was  borne  by 
them,  and  by  the  British  sailors — men  never  accustomed  to  stand  aloof 
when  any  exertion  of  strength  or  hardihood  is  required.  The  soldiers, 
less  accustomed  to  rely  upon  themselves,  were  of  little  use.  But  all 
equally  endured  the  violent  heat  of  the  sun,  rendered  more  intense  by 
being  reflected  from  the  white  shoals,  while  the  high  woods,  on  both 
sides  of  the  river,  were  frequently  so  close  as  to  prevent  all  refreshing 
circulation  of  air ;  and  during  the  night  all  were  equally  exposed  to  the 
heavy  and  unwholesome  dews. 

On  the  9th  April,  they  reached  an  island  in  the  river,  called  St.  Barto- 
lomeo,  which  the  Spaniards  had  fortified,  as  an  out-post,  with  a  small 
semi-circular  battery,  mounting  9  or  10  swivels,  and  manned  with  16  or 
18  men.  It  commanded  the  river  in  a  rapid  and  difficult  part  of  the  navi- 
gation. Nelson,  at  the  head  of  a  few  of  his  seamen,  leaped  upon  the 
beach,  and,  in  his  own  phrase,  boarded  the  battery.  The  castle  of  St. 
Juan  is  situated  about  sixteen  miles  above  St.  Bartoloraeo,  sixty-nine 
from  the  mouth  of  the  river,  and  thirty-two  below  the  Lake  of  Nicaragua. 

D    2 


36  SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS. 

from  which  ship,  after  being  engaged  in  a  variety  of  active 
services,  he  was  removed  into  the  Victory,  a  first  rate,  bear- 
ing the  flag  of  Lord  Hood  j  by  whom  he  was  entrusted  with 
the  command  of  Fort  Mulgrave,  during  the  defence  of  Toulon 

Boats  reach  the  sea  from  the  castle  in  a  day  and  a  half ;  but  their  navi- 
gation back,  even  when  unladen,  is  the  labour  of  nine  days.    The  British, 
after  marching  several  miles,  and  transporting  the  stores  and  provisions 
through  woods  almost  impassable,  appeared  before  it  two  days  after  the 
capture  of  St.  Bartolomeo.    Nelson's  advice  was,  that  it  should  instantly 
be  carried  by  assault :  but  Nelson  was  not  the  commander ;  and  it  was 
thought  proper  to  observe  all  the  formalities  of  a  siege.    Ten  days  were 
wasted  before  this  could  be  commenced.   It  was  a  work  more  of  fatigue 
than  of  danger  ;  but  fatigue  was  more  to  be  dreaded  than  the  enemy  ;  the 
rains  set  in  :  and,  could  the  garrison  have  held  out  a  little  longer,  disease 
would  have  rid  them  of  their  invaders.    Even  the  Indians  sunk  under  it, 
the  victims  of  unusual  exertion,  and  of  their  own  excesses.    The  place 
surrendered  on  the  24th;  but  victory  procured  to  the  conquerors  none  of 
that  relief  which  had  been  expected.    The  castle  was  worse  than  a  prison  j 
and  it  contained  nothing  which  could  contribute  to  the  recovery  of  the 
sick,  or  the  preservation  of  those  who  were  yet  unaffected.    The  huts, 
which  served  for  hospitals,  were  surrounded  with  filth  and  with  the  putri- 
fying  hides  of  slaughtered  cattle — almost  sufficient  of  themselves  to  have 
engendered  pestilence :  and  when,  at  last,  orders  were  given  to  erect  a 
convenient  hospital,  the  contagion  had  become  so  general  that  there  were 
none  who  could  work  at  it :  for,  besides  the  few  who  were  able  to  perform 
garrison  duty,  there  were  not  orderly  men  enough  to  attend  the  sick. 
Added  to  these   evils,  there  was  the  want  of  all  needful  remedies ;  for 
though  the  expedition  had  been  amply  provided  with   hospital  stores, 
river  craft  enough  had  not  been  procured  for  transporting  the  requisite 
baggage ;  and  when  much  was  to  be  left  behind,  provision  for  sickness 
was  that  which  of  all  things]  men  in  health  would  be  most  ready  to  leave. 
Now,  when  these  medicines   were  required,  the  river  was  swoln,  and  so 
turbulent  that  its  upward  navigation    was    almost    impracticable.      At 
length  even  the  task  of  burying  the  dead  was  more  than  the  living  could 
perform  ;  and  the  bodies  were  tost  into  the  stream,  or  left  for  beasts  of 
prey,  and  for  the  gallinazos — those  dreadful  carrion-birds,  which  do  not 
always  wait  for  death  before  they  begin  their  work.     Five  months  the 
British  persisted  in   what  may  be  called  this  war  against  nature ;  they 
then  left  a  few  men,  who  seemed  proof  against  the  climate,  to  retain  the 
castle  till  the  Spaniards  should  choose  to  retake  it,  and  make  them  pri- 
soners.   The  rest  abandoned  their  baleful  conquest.    Eighteen  hundred 
men  were  sent  to  different  posts  upon  this  wretched  expedition :  not  more 
than  380  ever  returned.    Of  the  Hinchinbrooke's  crew,  87  are  said  to  have 
taken  to  their  beds  in  one  night.    The  castle  when  taken,  contained  one 
brass  5$-inch  mortar,  and  20  pieces  of  brass  ordnance,  besides  swivels, 
mounted  ;  and  10  or  12  iron  guns  dismounted. 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS. 

against  the  republican  armies  *,  to  whose  fire  he  was  con- 
stantly exposed  for  a  period  of  three  weeks. 
.  Previous  to  the  final  evacuation  of  Toulon,  Lieutenant 
Bullen  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  Commander ;  and  la 
Mulette  of  20  guns,  the  ship  intended  for  him,  being  absent, 
he  received  an  order  to  act  as  Captain  of  the  Proselyte  frigate, 
in  which  he  narrowly  escaped  being  captured,  in  consequence 
of  his  having  voluntarily  remained  after  every  other  ship  had 
left  the  harbour,  and  thereby  rescued  300  Spanish  and  Nea- 
politan troops,  who  had  been  deserted  by  their  countrymen, 
and  but  for  his  humanity  would  inevitably  have  been  taken 
prisoners,  if  not  massacred  by  the  ferocious  enemy. 

Captain  Bullen  subsequently  obtained  permission  from 
Lord  Hood  to  serve  as  a  volunteer  with  his  friend  Captain 
Serecold,  who,  after  the  retreat  from  Toulon,  had  superseded 
him  in  the  command  of  the  Proselyte ;  out  of  which  ship  they 
were  both  burnt  by  the  hot  shot  from  the  French  batteries, 
during  the  siege  of  Bastia.  Our  officer  afterwards  com- 
manded an  advanced  battery,  and  continued  on  shore  until 
the  surrender  of  that  place.  We  find  his  name  mentioned  in 
the  highest  terms  by  Nelson,  when  writing  an  official  account 
of  the  operations  of  the  siege  to  Lord  Hoodf. 

On  his  return  to  England,  Captain  Bullen  embarked  as  a 
volunteer  with  his  friend  the  present  Sir  T.  Byam  Martin,  in 
the  Santa  Margaritta ;  and  he  appears  to  have  been  on  board 
that  ship,  when  she  captured  the  Tamise,  French  frigate  J. 

His  last  service  afloat  was  as  acting  Captain  of  the  Alex- 
ander 74,  stationed  off  Brest.  He  obtained  post  rank  Nov. 
24,  1796 ;  and  on  the  renewal  of  the  war  was  appointed  to 
the  command  of  the  Lynn  Regis  district  of  Sea  Fencibles. 
His  superannuation  took  place  Aug.  28th,  1819. 

On  reference  to  the  memoranda  in  our  possession,  we  ob- 
serve that  Rear- Admiral  Bullen  has  been  sixty -nine  times 
engaged  with  the  enemies  of  his  country,  in  ships,  boats,  and 
batteries  ;  and  that  he  has  repeatedly  received  the  thanks  of 
his  superior  officers.  He  married,  in  1801,  Margaret  Ann, 
only  daughter  of  the  late  W.  Seafe,  Esq.  of  the  Leazes,  co. 
Durham,  Barrister  at  Law. 

Residence. — Bath. 

*  See  Vol.  I,  pp.  46  and  294.    f  See  Vol  I,  p.  251 .   J  See  Vol.  I,  p.  492- 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS* 


SAMUEL  BROOKING,  ESQ. 

WE  have  not  been  able  to  trace  with  any  degree  of  accu- 
racy the  descent  of  the  family  of  Brooking,  though  from  theif 
arms,  some  documents  in  their  possession,  and  the  names  of 
several  estates  in  Devonshire  and  Cornwall,  such  as  Pales- 
tine, Judea,  &c.,  once  belonging  to  them,  we  have  reason  to 
believe  that  their  ancestors  were  not  idle  during  the  Holy 
Wars.  The  officer  of  whom  we  are  about  to  speak  was  born 
at  Newton  Ferrers,  in  the  former  county,  about  1753  ;  went 
first  to  sea  with  the  Hon.  Captain  John  Leveson  Gower,  in 
1765  j  and  subsequently  served  as  a  Midshipman,  under  the 
late  Sir  Roger  Curtis,  Lord  Howe,  and  Sir  Richard  Onslow  ; 
by  the  latter  of  whom  he  was  placed  in  command  of  a  gun- 
boat belonging  to  the  St.  Albans,  during  the  expedition  up 
Hudson's  River,  to  relieve  General  Burgoyne.  On  this  occa- 
sion, forts  Montgomery  and  Clinton  were  carried  by  storm  ; 
the  enemy,  on  their  retreat,  setting  fire  to  two  new  frigates 
and  several  other  vessels,  which  were  totally  destroyed.  They 
also  abandoned  and  burnt  fort  Constitution,  and  Continental 
village.  In  the  last  were  barracks  for  1500  men  ;  a  large 
boom  or  chain,  of  a  curious  construction,  was  either  carried 
away  or  sunk  ;  its  value  was  estimated  at  70,000/.  sterling. 

Previous  to  his  quitting  the  gun-  boat,  Mr.  Brooking,  when 
making  a"  diversion  to  favor  the  landing  of  some  troops  at  the 
mouth  of  a  river,  and  with  «.  view  of  cutting  off  an  American 
galley,  narrowly  escaped  destruction,  by  a  shot  passing 
through  the  corner  of  his  powder  chest  ;  and  his  gun  being  at 
the  same  time  disabled,  he  was  obliged  to  withdraw. 

In  1778,  Lord  Howe  made  him  a  Lieutenant  j  in  which 
capacity  we  find  him  serving  on  board  the  Strombolo  fire- 
vessel,  Galatea  of  20  guns,  and  Prudent  64,  at  the  relief  of 
Rhode  Island  *  ;  Fort  M'Lean  f,  and  St.  Kitts*  ;  an  account 

*  See  Retired  Captain,  Sir  A.  S.  HAMOND. 

t  About  the  middle  of  June,  1779,  Colonel  M'Lean  sailed  from  Halifax 
with  600  troops,  escorted  by  three  sloops  of  war,  to  the  Penobscot  river, 
where  on  his  arrival  he  established  a  strong  post  extremely  well  chosen 
for  annoying  the  enemy  ;  who,  greatly  alarmed  at  this  transaction,  imme- 
diately equipped  a  formidable  armament  at  Boston,  appointing  Commo- 
dore Saltenstall  to  the  command. 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS.  39 

of  which  latter  event  will  be  found  under  the  head  of  Retired 
Captain  Inglefield. 

The  Galatea,  of  which  ship  Mr.  Brooking  was  the  only 
Lieutenant,  was  one  of  the  most  active  cruisers  on  the  Ame- 
rican station ;  and  in  the  course  of  a  single  cruise  of  six 
weeks,  was  fortunate  enough  to  capture  two  large  letters  of 
marque,  a  formidable  privateer,  which  had  done  much  mis- 
chief to  our  trade,  and  the  Recovery,  an  armed  ship  belonging 
to  the  United  States.  The  latter  vessel  sustained  a  running 
fight  of  considerable  duration  j  and,  considering  the  number  of 
men  absent  from  the  Galatea  in  her  former  prizes,  and  the 
manner  in  which  that  ship  was  crowded  with  prisoners,  it 
would  not,  we  think,  have  reflected  any  disgrace  on  the  re- 
mainder of  the  British  officers  and  men  had  she  effected  her 
escape  :  as  it  was,  her  capture  must  be  considered  highly 
creditable  to  them. 

In  1782,  Captain  Andrew  Barclay,  under  whom  Mr.  Brooking 
was  then  serving  as  first  Lieutenant  of  the  Prudent,  gave  him 
an  order  to  act  as  Commander,  in  the  St.  Lucia  sloop  of  war  ; 
but  he  doesnot  appear  to  have  been  confirmed  to  that  rank  until 
1794,  when  he  received  a  commission  appointing  him  to  the 

On  the  27th  July,  the  American  squadron,  accompanied  by  a  fleet  of 
transports,  having  on  board  a  large  body  of  troops,  commanded  by  General 
Lovell,  arrived  in  the  river,  and  began  to  cannonade  the  sloops  of  war  and 
battery ;  which  was  so  ably  returned,  that  the  enemy  in  their  repeated  at- 
tempts to  land  were  repulsed.  On  the  third  day,  however,  they  succeeded, 
under  cover  of  a  tremendous  fire,  which  obliged  the  picquets  to  retire  into 
the  fort,  the  attack  and  defence  of  which  was  carried  on  with  great  spirit 
until  the  night  of  Aug.  13th,  when  on  a  sudden  the  American  fire  ceased. 
At  day-light,  on  the  following  morning,  to  the  astonishment  of  the  garri- 
son, it  was  discovered  that  the  enemy  had  abandoned  their  works,  and  re- 
embarked  their  troops  and  artillery.  This  mystery  was  soon  cleared  up 
by  the  appearance  of  Commodore  Sir  George  Collier,  in  the  Raisonable  64, 
with  three  frigates,  two  20-gun  ships,  and  a  sloop  of  war,  entering  the 
river,  having  sailed  from  Sandy  Hook  to  their  relief.  The  American  Com- 
modore at  first  drew  up  his  squadron,  and  made  a  shew  of  resistance  ;  but 
on  the  approach  of  the  British  frigates,  his  resolution  soon  failed, and  a 
most  ignominious  flight  took  place,  which  terminated  in  the  capture  and 
destruction  of  the  whole  rebel  force,  consisting  of  one  frigate,  three  ships 
of  24  guns  each,  one  of  22,  twelve  ships,  brigs,  &c.,  mounting  in  the 
whole  194  guns,  and  twenty-one  sail  of  transports,  benidet  two  brigs  of 
war  previously  taken  by  the  squadron. 


40  SUPERANNUATED  REAR. ADMIRALS. 

command  of  the  Drake,  in  which  vessel  he  was  afterwards 
sent  to  the  Jamaica  station.  His  promotion  to  the  rank  of 
Post-Captain  took  place  July  21,  1796. 

During  the  ensuing  three  years  we  find  our  officer  command- 
ing the  Jamaica,  a  20-gun  ship,  and  a  squadron  consisting  of 
two  sloops  of  war  and  two  or  three  schooners,  besides  several 
armed  vessels  belonging  to  the  government  of  Jamaica, 
placed  under  his  orders  for  the  protection  of  the  coasts  of  that 
island,  and  the  collection  of  the  periodical  fleets  previous  to 
their  departure  for  England.  Whilst  thus  employed,  he  ac- 
quitted himself  so  much  to  the  satisfaction  of  the  House  of 
Assembly,  that  that  body,  as  will  appear  by  the  following 
document,  voted  him  a  sword  value  100  guineas,  which,  on 
his  return  to  England  as  convoy  to  the  homeward  bound 
trade  at  the  latter  end  of  1/99,  was  presented  to  him  by  their 
agent  in  London. 

"  House  of  Assembly,  Nov.  14,  1799. 

"  RESOLVED,  that  this  House  entertain  a  high  sense  of  the  ser. 
vices  derived  to  this  island  from  the  zeal  and  activity  of  Samuel  Brooking, 
Esq.  Captain  of  his  Majesty's  ship  Jamaica,  during  the  period  of  three 
years,  when  the  protection  of  the  coasting  trade  and  navigation  was  under 
his  directions ;  and  that  the  Receiver-General  do  pay  to  his  agent  the  sum 
of  one  hundred  guineas  for  the  purchase  of  a  sword,  as  a  testimony  of  the 
favorable  opinion  this  House  entertain  of  his  meritorious  conduct. 

"  By  order  of  the  House, 
(Signed)  "  JAMES  LEWIS,  Clerk  to  the  Assembly." 

The  gentlemen,  merchants,  planters,  &c.  of  St.  Ann's  Bay, 
had  previously  expressed  themselves  in  terms  as  follow : 

"  St.  Ann's  Bay,  April 20,  1799. 

"  Sir, — We  the  inhabitants  of  this  place  should  be  wanting  in  gratitude 
were  we  not  to  subscribe  to  your  peculiar  merits,  and  express  the  lively 
sense  with  which  we  are  impressed  of  the  benefits  this  port  and  its  vicinity 
have  participated  with  the  island  in  general  from  your  unexampled  activity 
and  vigilance  for  a  series  of  years  past.  The  temerity  of  such  of  our  ene- 
mies as  have  attempted  to  approach  our  coast  has  been  punished  by  your 
activity,  while  the  name  of  BROOKIN«  has  struck  terror  in  our  neigh- 
bouring enemies,  and  has  awed  them  from  attempting  depredations  on  us. 
We  trust  that  a  conduct  so  manifestly  essential  to  the  interest  and  security 
of  the  island  will  be  properly  reported,  and  duly  rewarded.  We  are,  with 
unfeigned  respect,  Sir,  your  obedient  and  very  'humble  servants." 

[Here  follow  twenty-seven  signatures.] 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS.  41 

The  services  more  particularly  alluded  to  in  the  foregoing 
address,  were  the  capture  of  a  number  of  privateers,  and  the 
recapture  of  several  valuable  Jamaica  ships.  The  following 
little  affair  we  notice  on  account  of  its  ludicrous  nature  : 

Captain  Brooking  having  received  information  that  some 
French  privateers  were  in  the  habit  of  sending  their  prizes  to 
a  river  near  Cape  Cruz,  on  the  Cuba  shore,  whither  they  also 
repaired  to  rendezvous  and  refit,  he  one  night  stretched  over 
and  took  a  station  for  commencing  operations  in  the  morn- 
ing. At  day-light,  however,  he  unexpectedly  found  himself 
within  gun-shot  of  a  battery  presenting  rather  a  formidable 
appearance ;  opposite  which,  as  soon  as  enabled  by  the  sea- 
breeze,  he  took  his  position,  placing  a  prize  with  a  carronade 
in  her  to  flank  the  enemy's  work.  The  shallowness  of  the 
water  prevented  him  approaching  so  near  as  he  could  have 
wished.  Some  time  after  he  had  opened  his  fire,  he  was 
surprised  at  seeing  the  Spaniards  run  down  to  the  beach  and 
pick  up  the  shot  which  had  fallen  short ;  and  it  subsequently 
turned  out,  that  until  they  had  thus  supplied  themselves,  it 
was  not  in  their  power  to  return  his  fire.  Observing  from 
the  mast-head  that  the  privateers  had  run  a  considerable  dis- 
tance up  the  river,  and  that  a  great  number  of  people  were 
collected  in  the  fort,  he  did  not  consider  it  expedient  to  at- 
tempt a  landing,  or  to  throw  away  more  ammunition  ;  there- 
fore, as  soon  as  his  crew  had  dined,  took  his  departure  for 
Jamaica. 

The  climate  of  the  West  Indies  proved  so  injurious  to 
Captain  Brooking's  health,  that  he  was  at  length  compelled 
to  quit  it,  and  return  to  England,  at  the  period  we  have  above 
stated  ;  from  which  time  we  lose  sight  of  him  until  Aug.  31, 
1819,  the  date  of  his  superannuation  as  a  Rear-Admiral. 

Residence. — Plymouth,  Devon. 


HENRY  EVANS,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was,  we  believe,  a  protege  of  the  late  Sir  Pe- 
ter Parker,  Bart.  Admiral  of  the  Fleet.  He  commanded  the 
Fury  sloop  of  war,  and  captured  1'Elize,  a  French  schooner  of 
10  guns,  in  1795  j  assisted  at  the  reduction  of  St.  Lucia,  in 


42  SUPERANNUATED  REAR-ADMIRALS. 

May  1796  *  ;  and  was  present  at  the  unsuccessful  attack  upon 
Porto  Rico  in  the  following  year.  His  post  commission  bears 
date  June  20,  1797-  During  part  of  the  late  war  he  com- 
manded the  Cork  district  of  Sea  Fencibles.  On  the  9th 
March  1819,  he  was  chosen  M.  P.  for  Wexford,  which  place 
he  represented  until  the  dissolution  of  parliament  in  the  fol- 
lowing year.  His  superannuation  as  a  Rear-Admiral  took 
place  July  26,  1821. 

Residence. — Wexford,  Ireland. 

SIR  WILLIAM  OGILVY,  BART. 

(Of  tnnerquharity,  Forfar shire,  North  Britain.) 
THIS  officer's  patent  of  Baronetcy  is  dated  1626;  that  of 
the  Premier  Baronet  of  Scotland,  1625.  He  entered  the  naval 
service  in  1773j  and  was  made  a  Lieutenant  into  the  Boston  ; 
on  board  of  which  frigate  he  was  severely  wounded  whilst 
endeavouring  to  suppress  a  mutiny  in  1782.  He  subse- 
quently joined  the  Polyphemus  64,  and  was  in  the  partial  ac- 
tion with  the  combined  fleets  off  Cape  Spartel,  October  20,  hi 
the  same  year  f,  after  which  that  ship  was  detached  to  the 
West  Indies,  under  the  orders  of  Rear-Admiral  Sir  R.  Hughes. 
At  the  commencement  of  the  French  war  in  1793,  he  was 
appointed  first  Lieutenant  of  the  Robust  74 ;  and  from  the 
time  Toulon  was  taken  possession  of  by  the  allied  forces  until 
its  final  evacuation,  we  find  him  acting  as  commander  of  that 
ship,  her  proper  Captain  (Elphinstone)  holding  an  import- 
ant command  on  shore  J.  He  was  afterwards  removed  as 
first  Lieutenant  into  the  Glory,  a  second  rate,  forming  part  of 
the  grand  fleet  under  Earl  Howe  ;  and  obtained  the  rank  of 
Commander  in  consequence  of  that  nobleman's  victory  over 
the  republican  fleet,  on  the  1st  of  June,  1794  §. 
In  1795,  Captain  Ogilvy  commanded  the  Lark  sloop  of  war  • 

»  See  Vol.  I.  note  f,  at  p.  134. 

f  The  British  Fleet,  under  Lord  Howe,  after  throwing  supplies  into 
Gibraltar,  was  pursued  and  attacked  by  the  combined  fleets  of  France  and 
Spain.  The  firing  continued  from  sun-set  until  10  P.  M.  but  the  dis- 
tance between  the  hostile  forces  was  so  great  that  it  produced  little  effect 
on  either  side.  The  next  morning  the  enemy  were  seen  standing  to  the 
N.  W.  The  loss  sustained  by  the  British  fleet  amounted  to  68  killed,  and 
208  wounded. 

J  See  Vol.  I.  pp.  46,  60,  and  294. 

§  See  Vol.  I.  note  at  p.  75,  ft  feq. 


SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS.  ^ 

and  after  receiving  on  board  some  French  royalists  in  the  ri- 
ver Elbe,  proceeded  in  company  with  the  Venus  and  Leda 
frigates  to  join  the  expedition  under  Sir  John  B.  Warren  in 
Quiberon  Bay,  where  he  arrived  in  time  to  render  a  most 
essential  service,  for  which  he  received  the  thanks  of  Earl 
Spencer,  then  at  the  head  of  the  Admiralty,  and  of  the  Com- 
modore. 

In  our  first  volume,  at  pp.  169  and  1JO,  we  have  given  an 
outline  of  the  operations  carried  on  by  the  British  and  emi- 
grant forces  in  the  summer  of  1795.  Our  readers  will  remem- 
ber that,  owing  to  the  misconduct  and  treachery  of  the  latter, 
Fort  Penthievre,  which,  from  its  situation  on  a  hill,  com- 
mands the  peninsula  of  Quiberon,  was  retaken  by  the  enemy 
on  the  night  of  July  20th.  At  day-break  on  the  following 
morning  it  was  discovered  that  the  republicans  had  advanced 
towards  the  S.  E.  point  of  the  peninsula,  and  with  some  field 
pieces  were  driving  before  them  the  scattered  royalists,  who 
threw  away  their  arms,  divested  themselves  of  their  clothes, 
and  plunged  from  the  rocks  into  the  sea,  swimming  to  the 
boats  which  were  sent  from  the  British  ships  to  receive  them. 
Captain  Ogilvy,  on  the  fort  being  attacked,  had  slipped  his 
cable,  and  ran  so  close  in  shore  that  the  Lark  had  but  one 
foot  water  more  than  she  drew.  He  then  opened  and  kept  up 
.a  heavy  and  well-directed  fire,  which  had  the  effect  of  turning 
the  enemy's  column,  killing  the  General  who  commanded, 
together-  with  many  of  his  men,  and  thus  afforded  time  for 
the  boats,  under  the  able  directions  of  Captain  (now  Sir  R. 
G.)  Keats,  to  embark  upwards  of  2000  royalist  inhabitants, 
and  about  1100  emigrant  troops. 

•  In  March  1796,  the  Lark  assisted  at  the  unsuccessful  attack 
made  on  the  town  and  fort  of  Leogane,  in  the  island  of  St. 
Domingo.  From  that  vessel  Captain  Ogilvy  was  removed  to 
the  Thunderer  74,  in  which  ship  he  chased  and  obliged  the 
Harmony,  a  frigate  of  the  largest  class,  recently  received 
by  the  French  government  as  a  present  from  the  United 
States  of  America,  to  seek  refuge  in  Mustique  harbour,  where 
she  was  burnt  by  the  enemy,  to  prevent  her  falling  into  his 
hands.  He  continued  to  be  employed  off  St.  Domingo  until 
the  final  evacuation  of  that  island;  on  which  occasion,  in 
conjunction  with  the  present  Rear-Admiral  Cochet,  he  su- 


44  SUPERANNUATED    REAR-ADMIRALS. 

perintended  the  embarkation  of  our  troops  and  the  French 
royalists  ;  which  service  was  conducted  with  great  order  and 
regularity.  His  post  commission  bears  date  July  5,  1797- 

Captain  Ogilvy's  next  appointment  was  to  the  Magicienne 
frigate  ;  and  in  her  he  appears  to  have  made  several  valuable 
captures.  In  February  1801,  when  the  French  Admiral  Gan- 
theaume  put  to  sea  from  Brest,  with  seven  sail  of  the  line 
and  two  frigates,  the  Magicienne  was  attached  to  a  squadron 
of  equal  force,  under  the  orders  of  Sir  Robert  Calder,  detach- 
ed from  the  Channel  fleet  in  pursuit  of  them.  The  ships  hav- 
ing been  dispersed  by  a  heavy  gale  of  wind,  during  which  the 
Montagu  74  was  dismasted,  the  Telegraph  schooner  founder- 
ed, and  the  Magicienne  had  nearly  shared  the  same  fate, 
Captain  Ogilvy,  after  tracing  the  enemy  to  the  Mediterranean, 
followed  the  Rear-Admiral  to  Jamaica,  with  the  information 
of  their  real  destination. 

Sir  William  Ogilvy  has  not  been  employed  since  the  peace 
of  Amiens  j  about  which  period  he  married  the  eldest  daughter 
of  the  late  James  Morley,  Esq.  His  superannuation  as  a 
Rear- Admiral  took  place  December  6,  182] . 

Residence. — Dundee,  Scotland. 


SIR  ROBERT  BARLOW,  KNT. 

Knight  Commander  of  the  Most  Honorable  Military  Order  of  the  Bath ; 
Fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  ;  and  late  Commistioner  of  Chatham  Dock- 
Yard. 

THIS  officer  is  the  eldest  son  of  the  late  William  Barlow, 
of  Bath,  co.  Somerset,  Esq.  by  Hilare,  daughter  of  Robert 
Butcher,  of  Walthamstow,  in  Essex,  Esq.  and  was  born  in 
London,  December  25,  1757.  His  youngest  surviving  bro- 
ther, George  H.  Barlow,  formerly  Governor-General  of  India, 
was  created  a  Baronet  June  29,  1803.  The  family  appear  to 
have  been  settled  originally  at  Fordbridge,  in  Staffordshire. 

We  are  not  acquainted  with  the  exact  period  at  which  Mr. 
Barlow  entered  the  naval  service  j  but  we  know  that  he  served 
with  credit  under  the  late  Earl  Howe  and  Lord  Mulgrave, 
during  the  whole  of  the  American  war.  His  promotion  to 
the  rank  of  Lieutenant  took  place  in  November,  1778 ;  and 
he  appears  to  have  assisted  at  the  capture  of  la  Minerve,  a 
French  frigate  of  32  guns  and  316  men,  Jan.  4,  1781,  and  to 


SUPERANNUATED  REAR-ADMIRALS.  45 

have  accompanied  the  grand  fleet  to  the  relief  of  Gibraltar  in 
1782 ;  on  which  latter  occasion  he  was  first  Lieutenant  of  the 
Courageux  74. 

From  1786  till  1789,  Lieutenant  Barlow  commanded  the 
Barracouta  cutter,  and  cruised  with  very  great  success  against 
the  smugglers.  In  1790,  he  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of 
Commander,  and  soon  after  appointed  to  the  Childers  brig  of 
16  guns,  with  orders  to  resume  his  former  station  on  the 
coast  of  Cornwall.  As  this  appointment  was  given  him  by 
the  Admiralty,  without  any  solicitation  on  the  part  of  himself 
or  his  friends,  we  may  reasonably  conclude,  it  was  in  conse- 
quence of  the  favorable  impression  made  on  their  Lordships' 
minds  by  the  long  list  of  captures  which  he  had  transmitted  to 
the  Board,  when  superseded  in  the  command  of  the  Barracouta, 
at  the  expiration  of  the  usual  period  of  service.  Whatever 
might  have  been  their  expectations  as  to  his  future  exertions, 
it  is  certain  they  were  not  disappointed,  Captain  Barlow 
having  captured  several  fine  vessels  laden  with  contraband 
.goods,  one  of  which  was  a  new  cutter  of  one  hundred  and 
fifty  tons,  with  a  cargo  of  one  thousand  ankers  of  spirits. 

On  the  2d  Jan.  1793,  a  few  weeks  previous  to  the  declara- 
tion of  war  by  the  French  National  Convention  against  Great 
Britain,  the  Childers,  whilst  reconnoitring  the  port  of  Brest, 
was  fired  at  by  a  battery,  from  which  she  was  not  more  than 
three-quarters  of  a  mile  distant.    Imagining  the  national  cha- 
racter of  his  vessel  was  doubted,  Captain  Barlow  immediately 
hoisted  his  colours,  whereupon  the  republicans  displayed  the 
French  ensign,  with  a  red  pendant  over  it ;  and  the  signal 
was   immediately  answered  by  the   adjacent   forts,    which 
opened  a  heavy  cross  fire  upon  the  little  brig ;  and  she  must 
inevitably  have  been  destroyed,  if  a  breeze  springing  up  had 
not  enabled  her  to  stem  the  tide,  by  which  she  had  been 
driven  close  to  the  entrance  of  the  harbour.     Fortunately, 
being  so  small  an  object,  she  was  hit  by  only  one  shot,  a  48- 
pounder,  which  struck  one  of  her  guns,  and  then  split  into 
three  pieces,  but  providentially  did  not  injure  a  man.     This 
was  the  first  act  of  decided  hostility  committed  against  Great 
Britain ;  and  on  the  15th  of  the  following  month,  Captain 
Barlow,  being  off  Gravelines,  captured  le  Patriote  privateer, 
the  first  armed  vessel  taken  from  the  French  republic. 

Captain  Barlow  obtained  post  rank  May  24,  1793  j  com- 


46  SUPERANNUATED  REAR-ADMIRALS. 

manded  the  Pegasus  of  28  guns,  one  of  the  repeating  frigates 
to  Earl  Howe's  fleet,  on  the  memorable  1st  June,  1794*; 
and  subsequently  the  Aquilon  and  Phoebe  frigates,  the  latter 
mounting  44  guns,  with  a  complement  of  261  men. 

His  appointment  to  the  latter  ship  was  in  Dec.  1/95  ;  and 
on  the  10th  Jan.  1797?  he  captured  1'Atalante,  a  French  cor- 
vette of  16  guns  f.  On  the  21st  Dec.  following,  being  on  a 
cruise  to  the  westward,  he  discovered  and  immediately  pur- 
sued an  enemy's  frigate  ;  but  the  difference  in  point  of  sailing 
between  the  two  ships  being  inconsiderable,  the  Phoebe  sus- 
tained much  damage  in  her  masts,  sails,  and  rigging,  from 
the  Frenchman's  stern  guns,  before  she  could  close  with 
the  chase :  and  at  the  moment  when  Captain  Barlow  was 
about  to  commence  the  attack,  his  opponent  hove  in  stays. 
The  Phoebe  being  under  a  crowd  of  sail,  the  night  extremely 
dark,  and  her  commander  not  aware  of  the  enemy's  intention 
to  practise  this  manosuvre,  a  few  minutes  necessarily  elapsed 
before  he  could  get  fairly  alongside.  The  action  commenced 
at  ten  P.  M.,  and  continued  about  three  quarters  of  an  hour, 
when  the  French  ship  surrendered,  and  proved  to  be  la  Ne- 
reide  of  36  guns  and  330  men,  20  of  whom  were  slain  and 
55  wounded.  The  Phrebe  had  3  men  killed  and  10  wounded. 

Subsequent  to  this  event,  Captain  Barlow  captured  1'Ha- 
zard,  of  10  guns  and  60  men,  laden  with  spices,  ivory,  and 
gum,  from  Senegal,  valued  at  10,000/.  sterling  ;  three  French 
privateers,  mounting  in  the  whole  58  guns,  and  manned  with 
455  men;  and  1'Heureux,  a  flush-decked  ship  of  22  brass 
12-pounders  and  220  men.  The  latter  vessel,  mistaking  the 
JPhcebe  for  an  East  Indiaman,  bore  down,  and  did  not  discover 
her  error  until  within  musket-shot,  when  she  commenced  a 
well-directed  and  spirited  fire,  by  which  1  man  was  killed 
and  5  wounded  on  board  the  British  frigate.  The  enemy, 
however,  paid,  dear  for  his  temerity,  being  soon  obliged  to 
strike,  with  the  loss  of  18  men  slain  and  25  wounded. 
*  See  Vol.  I,  p.  75,  et  seq. 

t  L'Atalante  had  sailed  from  Brest  in  company  with  a  powerful  fleet, 
under  the  orders  of  M.  de  Galles,  having  on  board  25,000  troops,  com- 
manded by  General  Hoche,  destined  for  the  invasion  of  Ireland.  The 
outset  of  this  expedition  was  attended  by  several  disasters,  and  the  whole 
project  was  defeated  by  the  elements.  Many  of  the  vessels  composing 
the  armament  were  either  captured  or  wrecked,  and  several  foundered ; 
the  remainder  returned  to  France  in  a  wretched  condition. 


SUPER  ANN  UAT-ED   REAR-ADMIRALS.  4/ 

This  affair  occurred  March  5,  1800 ;  and  from  that  period 
until  Feb.  19th,  in  the  following  year,  we  find  no  particular 
mention  of  Captain  Barlow.  On  the  latter  day,  being  near 
Gibraltar,  he  discovered  an  enemy's  frigate  close  to  Ceuta, 
steering  under  a  press  of  sail  to  the  eastward.  At  7h  30* 
P.  M.,  he  had  the  good  fortune  to  bring  her  to  close  action, 
which  was  maintained  with  unremitting  fury  within  pistol- 
shot  about  two  hours;  the  French  commander  resolutely 
opposing  the  animated  and  skilful  exertions  of  Captain 
Barlow,  until  his  ship  was  almost  a  wreck,  with  five  feet  water 
in  her  hold,  several  of  her  guns  dismounted,  and  her  decks 
encumbered  with  dead  and  dying  men.  At  length  she  sur- 
rendered, and  proved  to  be  1'Africaine  of  44  guns  and  315 
men,  besides  400  troops  and  artificers,  under  the  command 
of  General  Desfourneaux,  having  on  board  6  brass  field-pieces, 
several  thousand  stand  of  arms,  and  a  great  quantity  of  am- 
munition, from  Rochefort  bound  to  Egypt. 

The  tremendous  and  well-directed  fire  from  the  Phoebe, 
was  productive  of  dreadful  slaughter  on  board  l'Africaine, 
whose  loss  amounted  to  200  men,  including  M.  de  Saunier, 
Chief  of  Division,  with  many  of  the  principal  sea  and  land 
officers  slain,  and  143  wounded  *. 

The  Phosbe,  although  her  net  complement,  including  18 
boys,  was  261,  had  sailed  from  Cork  7  men  short,  and  had 
since  manned  and  sent  to  Gibraltar  one  recaptured  vessel, 
and  another  detained  under  suspicious  circumstances ;  so 
that  the  total  number  on  board  was  only  239.  Of  these 
but  1  man  was  slain,  and  12  wounded. 

For  his  courage  and  excellent  conduct  on  this  occasion, 
Captain  Barlow  was  deservedly  rewarded  with  the  honor  of 
knighthood,  June  16,  1801,  and  soon  after  appointed  to  the 
Triumph  of  74  guns ;  in  which  ship  he  served  on  the  Mediter- 
ranean station  until  the  latter  end  of  the  year  1804,  when  she 
returned  to  England,  and  was  put  out  of  commission.  In 
the  autumn  of  1805,  Sir  Robert  obtained  the  command  of 
the  London,  a  second  rate,  from  whence  he  was  removed 
into  the  Barfleur,  a  ship  of  the  same  class,  some  time  previous 

*  A  return  to  this  effect,  signed  by  her  commander,  Captain  Majeadie, 
whose  name  appears  in  the  latter  list,  was  presented  to  Captain  Barlow ; 
but  the  former  officer  at  the  same  time  stated,  that  the  report  probably 
fell  short  of  the  actual  loss  sustained,  especially  in  killed. 


48  SUPERANNUATED  REAR-ADMIRALS. 

to  his  being  nominated  First  Captain  of  the  North  Sea  fleet, 
under  Lord  Keith.  His  next  appointment  was  in  the  summer 
of  1806,  to  be  Deputy  Comptroller  of  the  Navy ;  an  office 
which  he  held  until  Sept.  1808,  when  he  succeeded  the  late 
Captain  Charles  Hope,  as  Commissioner  of  Chatham  Dock- 
yard. He  was  created  an  extra  K.  C.  B.  May  20,  1820  * ;  and 
superannuated  with  the  rank  of  Rear-Admiral,  Jan.  24,  1823. 

Sir  Robert  Barlow  married,  Sept.  8,  1785,  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  William  Garrett,  of  Worting,  co.  Southampton, 
Esq.,  and  by  that  lady,  who  died  Sept.  17,  1817,  had  several 
sons  and  daughters  :  of  the  latter,  one  is  married  to  the  Right 
Hon.  Viscount  Torrington  f  ;  another  to  her  cousin,  George 
Ulric,  eldest  son  of  Sir  George  H.  Barlow  ;  and  a  third  to 
Lieutenant-Colonel  Charles  Dashwood,  of  the  3d  regiment  of 
guards,  second  son  of  Sir  Henry  Dashwood,  Bart. 

Agent. — Sir  Francis  M.  Ommanney. 

PERCY  FRASER,  ESQ. 

Late  a  Commissioner  of  the  Navy  Board. 

THIS  officer  was  a  Lieutenant  in  1789 ;  commanded  the 
Savage  sloop  of  war,  in  1791 ;  the  Moselle,  in  1794  ;  and  ob- 
tained post  rank  March  27,  1795.  In  the  following  year  we 
find  him  commanding  the  Narcissus  of  20  guns,  on  the  coast 
of  America ;  from  whence  he  proceeded  to  the  West  Indies, 
where  his  ship  was  wrecked,  but  fortunately  her  crew  escaped. 
His  next  appointment  was  to  la  Nymphe,  in  which  frigate  he 
captured  la  Modeste,  a  French  letter  of  marque,  laden  with 
East  India  produce,  and  several  other  vessels.  After  com- 
manding la  Nymphe  about  four  years,  he  removed  into  the 
Narcissus  of  36  guns,  and  continued  in  that  ship  during  the 
remainder  of  the  war.  We  subsequently  find  him  in  the 
Vanguard  74. 

In  1808,  Captain  Fraser  was  appointed  resident  Commis- 
sioner of  the  Dock-yard  at  Malta ;  from  whence  he  removed  to 
Gibraltar,  about  the  summer  of  1811.  Towards  the  latter 
end  of  1813,  he  obtained  a  seat  at  the  Navy  Board,  from  which 
he  retired  with  the  superannuation  of  a  Rear -Admiral,  June  12, 
1823.  He  married,  Sept.  26,  1797,  Elizabeth,  eldest  daughter 
of  John,  5th  Vise.  Torrington,  and  sister  of  the  present  peer. 

Agents. — Messrs.  Maude. 

*  See  Vol.  I,  iiote  §,  at  p.  116.          f  See  Vol.  I,  p.  663  *. 


49 


RETIRED  CAPTAINS. 
ROBERT  FANSHAWE,  ESQ. 

Lute  Commissioner  of  Plymouth  Dock  Yard. 

Tins  officer,  a  son  of  the  late  Captain  Farishawe,  R.  N., 
was  born  in  America,  about  the  month  of  Jan.  1740 ;  entered 
the  naval  service  as  a  Midshipman  on  board  the  Salisbury 
of  50  guns,  in  1753;  and  proceeded  in  that  ship  to  the  East 
Indies,  in  company  with  a  small  squadron  commanded  by 
the  late  Vice-Admiral  Charles  Watson,  under  whom  he 
served  at  the  reduction  of  Geriah,  a  strong  fortress,  the  re- 
sidence of  the  piratical  chief  Angria  j  the  recapture  of  Cal- 
cutta ;  and  the  taking  of  Chandernagor,  the  principal  French 
settlement  in  the  province  of  Bengal  *.  He  also  bore  a 
part  in  the  three  general  actions  between  Vice-Admiral  Po- 
cock  and  the  Count  d'Ache,  in  1758  and  1759  f.  His 

*  Vice-Admiral  Watson  fell  a  sacrifice  to  the  unwholesomeness  of  the 
East  India  climate,  Aug.  15,  1757.  The  East  India  Company,  as  a  tes- 
timony of  their  gratitude  for  the  services  he  had  rendered  them,  caused  a 
beautiful  monument  to  be  erected  to  his  memory,  in  Westminster  Abbey ; 
and  the  King  was  pleased  to  create  his  son  a  Baronet.  The  operations  of 
his  squadron  will  be  found  fully  detailed  in  the  first  volume  of  Schom- 
berg's  Naval  Chronology. 

f  On  the  death  of  Vice-Admiral  Watson,  his  friend  Pocock  succeeded 
to  the  command  of  the  squadron  in  India,  and  three  times  defeated  a  su- 
perior force  under  M.  d'Ache*.  When  General  Lally  was  brought  pri- 
soner to  Eugland,  after  the  reduction  of  Pondicherry,  immediately  on  his 
arrival  he  begged  to  be  introduced  to  Admiral  (then  Sir  George)  Pocock ; 
whom  he  no  sooner  saw,  than  he  flew  to  embrace  him,  and  thus  addressed 
him  :  "  Dear  Sir  George,  as  the  first  man  in  your  profession,  I  cannot  but 
esteem  and  respect  you,  though  you  have  been  the  greatest  enemy  I  ever 
had.  But  for  you,  I  had  triumphed  in  India,  instead  of  being  made  a  cap- 
tive. When  we  first  sailed  out  to  give  you  battle,  I  had  provided  a  num- 
ber of  musicians  on  board  the  Zodiac,  intending  to  give  the  ladies  a  ball 
upon  our  victory ;  but  you  left  me  only  three  of  my  fiddlers  alive,  and 
treated  us  all  so  roughly,  that  you  quite  spoiled  us  for  dancing."  Sir 
George  Pocock,  as  is  well  known,  commanded  the  fleet  employed  in  the 
reduction  of  the  Havannah.  He  died  in  Curzon  Street,  May  Fair,  April 
3,  1792,  in  his  87th  year. 

VOL.  IT.  E 


50  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

commission  as  Lieutenant  bears  date  Sept.  11,  in  the  latter 
year. 

The  Tiger  of  60  guns,  into  which  ship  Mr.  Fanshawe  had 
been  promoted,  being  found  unserviceable,  he  returned  to 
England  in  a  merchant- vessel ;  and  a  few  months  after  his 
arrival,  was  made  a  Commander,  by  commission  dated  Aug. 
23,  1762.  Towards  the  close  of  that  war  he  commanded 
the  Carcass  bomb  ;  and  subsequently,  the  Speedwell  sloop 
of  war.,  in  which  he  was  employed,  principally  on  the  Ame- 
rican station,  for  a  period  of  three  years.  His  advance- 
ment to  the  rank  of  Post-Captain  took  place  May  26,  1768, 
one  day  previous  to  a  grand  promotion. 

Early  in  1769,  Captain  Fanshawe  obtained  the  command 
of  the  Lively,  a  small  frigate,  in  which  he  continued  until 
the  autumn  of  1770''  From  that  time  he  does  not  appear 
to  have  been  again  afloat  till  1775;  when,  in  consequence  of 
the  dispute  which  had  then  reached  a  most  serious  height 
between  Great  Britain  and  her  trans-atlantic  colonies,  he 
was  appointed  to  the  Carysfort  of  28  guns,  and  ordered  to 
America,  where  he  fully  established  his  character  as  a  brave, 
skilful,  and  vigilant  officer. 

The  Carysfort  formed  part  of  the  squadron  commanded 
by  Commodore  Hotham  at  the  reduction  of  New  York,  in 
Sept.  1776  *  ;  and  was  afterwards  employed  in  a  variety  of 
active  service  under  Lord  Howe.  From  that  frigate  Captain 
Fanshawe  was  removed  into  the  Monmouth  64,  which  ship 
greatly  distinguished  herself  in  the  action  between  Byron 
and  d'Estaing,  off  Grenada,  July  6,  1779?  and  was  most 
dreadfully  cut  up,  in  consequence  of  her  bearing  away  to 
bring  the  van  of  the  enemy  to  close  action,  and  thereby 
prevent  the  capture  of  several  British  transports.  Her 
loss  on  this  occasion  amounted  to  25  men  killed  and  28 
wounded  f. 

*  See  p.  56. 

f  On  the  13th  April,  1778,  at  which  period  the  junction  of  France  added 
strength  and  confidence  to  our  revolted  colonies,  the  Count  d'Estaing  sailed 
from  Toulon  with  ten  ships  of  the  line,  one  of  50  guns,  five  frigates,  and  a 
corvette,  destined  for  North  America  Although  the  sailing  of  this  arma- 
ment was  made  known  to  the  British  Government  on  the  27th  of  the  same 
month,  no  measures  were  taken  to  intercept  it  until  the  5th  June  ;  when 
Vice-Admiral  Byron,  with  twelve  sail  of  the  line  and  one  frigate,  was  sent 
in  pursuit  of  the  enemy.  In  consequence  of  a  succession  of  heavy  gales 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  51 

Early  in  1780,  Captain  Fanshawe  removed  into  the  Eg- 
inont  of  74  guns  j  and  in  that  ship  he  experienced  a  most 

of  wind,  the  British  ships  were  dispersed  in  their  passage  across  the  At- 
lantic, and  it  was  the  middle  of  September  before  they  all  met  at  New 
York ;  from  whence  the  Vice- Admiral  proceeded  to  cruise  off  Boston, 
where  the  French  squadron  had  taken  shelter. 

Soon  after  the  British  squadron  reached  Boston  Bay,  a  tremendous 
storm  arose,  and  so  disabled  the  ships  that  they  were  obliged  to  put  into 
Rhode  Island  to  refit.  The  Count  d'Estaing  seized  this  favorable  moment 
to  slip  out  of  port  and  steer  for  the  West  Indies,  whither  he  was  followed 
by  Vice-Admiral  Byron  towards  the  latter  end  of  the  year. 

During  the  winter,  both  fleets  were  reinforced.  The  Count,  however, 
did  not  choose  to  risk  an  action,  although  frequently  tempted  to  do  so. 
At  length  the  season  arriving  for  the  departure  of  the  trade  bound  to  Eng- 
land, Vice-Admiral  Byron  was  under  the  necessity  of  going  to  St.  Chris- 
topher's to  collect  them,  and  of  proceeding  to  windward  of  the  islands,  for 
their  protection.  On  his  return  to  St.  Lucia,  July  1st,  he  received  intelli- 
gence that  the  island  of  St.  Vincent  had  been  taken  by  a  small  body  of 
French,  not  exceeding  450  in  number,  headed  by  a  naval  Lieutenant ; 
also  that  the  Count  d'Estaing  had  availed  himself  of  the  absence  of  the 
British  fleet,  to  attack  Grenada.  The  Vice-Admiral  immediately  sailed  to 
the  relief  of  that  island ;  but  before  his  arrival,  the  garrison,  after  making 
a  very  able  and  gallant  defence,  were  obliged  to  surrender  at  discretion. 

At  day-break  on  the  morning  of  the  6th,  two  days  after  the  capture  of 
Grenada,  Vice-Admiral  Byron  discovered  the  French  fleet  getting  under 
sail  from  St.  George's  Bay,  and .  stretching  out  to  sea.  The  signal  was 
immediately  made  for  a  general  chase,  and  for  the  shipa  to  engage  as  they 
came  up  with  the  enemy.  At  7h  30'  A.  M.,  Rear-Admiral  Barring  ton,  in 
the  Prince  of  Wales,  supported  by  six  other  ships,  commenced  a  partial 
action  with  almost  the  whole  of  the  French  line,  whose  advantage  in  point 
of  sailing,  enabled  them  to  elude  every  effort  of  the  British  to  bring  on  a 
general  and  decisive  battle.  In  this  unequal  conflict,  the  Grafton,  Corn- 
wall, Lion,  and  Monmouth,  sustained  the  fire  of  the  whole  French  fleet, 
consisting  of  one  ship  of  96  guns, and  twenty-one  two-deckers,  as  they  passed 
them  on  the  opposite  tack,  and  were  very  much  disabled.  The  action 
ceased  about  noon,  but  was  renewed  at  2h  P.  M.,  and  a  random  fire  kept 
up  until  the  evening,  when  the  hostile  fleets  had  increased  their  distance 
about  three  rnileti.  The  Lion  and  Monmouth  sustained  so  much  damage 
that  they  were  little  better  thun  wrecks,  and  narrowly  escaped  being  cut 
off  by  the  enemy.  The  former  bore  away  for  Jamaica,  and  the  latter  pro- 
ceeded to  Antigua  to  refit.-  »»oiJiix  » . 

The  loss  sustained  by  the  British  fleet,  which  consisted  of  one  98-gun 
ship  and  sixteen  two-deckers,  was  183  killed  and  346  wounded;  among  the 
latter  was  the  gallant  Barrington.  The  slaughter  on  board  the  French 
ships,  owing  to  the  vast  number  of  troops  embarked,  was  prodigious.;  the 
lowest  estimate  states  it  at  1,200  killed  and  1,500  wounded. 

JE   2 


52  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

dreadful  hurricane,  which  spread  desolation  over  the  whole 
of  the  West  India  Islands,  particularly  Barbadoes,  Marti- 
nique, and  Jamaica :  several  ships  of  war  and  merchant- 
vessels  were  lost,  with  the  greater  part  of  their  crews  *;  the 
Egmont,  however,  escaped  with  the  loss  of  all  her  masts, 
and  in  the  following  year  was  ordered  to  escort  a  large  fleet 
to  England.  On  approaching  the  Channel,  Captain  Fan- 
shawe  received  intelligence  of  the  combined  fleets  of  France 
and  Spain,  amounting  to  forty-nine  sail  of  the  line,  being  on 
the  look-out  for  his  valuable  charge ;  which  induced  him  to 
take  them  north  about,  and  thus  prevented  the  greater  part 
from  falling  into  the  hands  of  the  enemy.  For  his  judicious 
conduct  on  this  critical  occasion,  he  received  the  thanks  of 
the  Admiralty,  and  was  presented  with  the  freedom  of  Edin- 
burgh. 

The  Egmont  having  been  paid  off  soon  after  her  arrival, 
Captain  Fanshawe  was  for  a  short  time  out  of  employ  ;  but 
happening  fortunately  to  be  at  Plymouth  when  Sir  George 
B.  Rodney  was  about  to  sail  from  that  port  to  resume  the 
chief  command  in  the  West  Indies,  and  the  Captain  of  the 
Namur,  a  90-gun  ship,  having  desired  to  be  superseded,  he 
was  immediately  sent  for  to  fill  up  the  vacancy, — an  ap- 
pointment as  sudden  and  unexpected  as  it  was  compli- 
mentary on  the 'part  of  the  Admiral.  His  conduct  as  one 
of  Rodney's  supporters,  on  the  glorious  12th  April,  1782, 
is  too  well  known  and  too  highly  appreciated  to  require  re- 
petition f. 

Captain  Fanshawe  retained  the  command  of  the  Namur 
until  the  termination  of  the  war  in  1783,  and  was  afterwards 

"  See  Vol.  I,  pp.  68,  105,  et  seq. 

t  Sir  George  B.  Rodney  formed  a  junction  with  Sir  Samuel  Hood,  off 
Antigua,  Feb.  25, 1782;  and  on  the  8th  April  following,  whilst  refitting 
his  fleet  at  St.  Lucia,  received  intelligence  that  the  enemy  were  coming  out 
of  Port  Royal  Bay.  Before  day-light  on  the  following  morning,  he  came 
up  with  the  French  fleet  near  the  island  of  Dominica.  A  partial  action  en- 
sued ;  but  notwithstanding  the  greatest  exertions  were  used  by  the  British, 
nothing  decisive  could  be  effected  till  the.  12th ;  on  which  day  a  most  com- 
plete victory  was  gained  over  the  enemy,  commanded  by  the  Count  de 
Grasse,  who  was  himself  captured,  with  the  Vllle  de  Paris,  and  four  other 
ships  of  the  line,  besides  one  sunk  in  the  action :  for  a  more  particular  ac- 
count of  which  we  must  refer  our  readers  to  Vol.  I,  p.  35,  et  seq. 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  53 

appointed  to  the  Bombay  Castle  74,  stationed  at  Plymouth 
as  a  guard-ship.  In  April  1784,  he  was  elected  M.  P.  for 
that  borough,  which  he  represented  till  the  year  1789,  when 
he  vacated  his  seat  on  receiving  a  patent  as  Resident  Com- 
missioner of  Plymouth  Dock- Yard,  the  duties  of  which  office 
he  performed  in  the  most  exemplary  manner  upwards  of 
twenty-six  years.  He  died  at  Stonehall,  Stonehouse,  co. 
Devon,  Feb.  4,  1823  ;  at  which  period,  had  he  accepted  his 
flag,  he  would  have  been  the  senior  Admiral  of  the  Red. 

The  following  is  the  introduction  to  a  brief  notice  of  Cap- 
tain Fanshawe's  services,  which  we  have  met  with  in  a  small 
volume  of  naval  biography,  published  in  1788  : — "  Captain 
Robert  Fanshawe,"  says  the  writer,  "  is  one  of  the  ablest 
officers  the  British  fleet  can  boast ;—cool,  collected,  brave, 
and  active ;  ever  ready  for  service  when  called  upon,  and 
rigidly  attentive  to  the  most  trivial,  as  well  as  the  more  im- 
portant duties  of  his  station.  It  may  with  truth  be  observed 
of  him,  that  his  ship  is  like  his  mansion,— the  ship's  com- 
pany his  family ;  the  former  in  a  constant  state  of  regularity, 
the  latter  governed  by  a  rigid  but  a  just  hand.  A  scrupu- 
lous observer  of  the  relative  duties  he  owes  his  country  as  a 
citizen  and  a  soldier,  Captain  Fanshawe  exacts  a  like  con- 
duct on  the  part  of  all  with  whom  he  may  have  any  concern. 

L     XT-  •     '1  'Vi  » 

whether  civil  or  military. 

Captain  Fanshawe  married  Christiana,  daughter  of  John 
Gennys,  Esq.,  and  by  that  lady  had  issue  three  sons  and  nine 
daughters.  His  eldest  son,  Robert,  Captain  of  the  Carys- 
fort  frigate,  died  at  Antigua  in  1804  :  although  a  very  young 
man,  he  had  given  repeated  proofs  of  his  skill,  zeal,  and  gal- 
lantry, in  which  he  was  surpassed  by  few,  if  any  officers,  of 
his  age  and  standing  in  the  profession  ;  of  which,  had  he  been 
spared,  he  would  no  doubt  have  been  a  great  ornament. 
The  second  son,  Edward,  is  a  Major  in  the  Royal  Engineers ; 
and  the  youngest,  Arthur,  a  Post-Captain,  R.  N.  The  names 
of  the  daughters  are  as  follow : — Christiana,  married  the 
Rev.  Francis  Haggitt,  D.  D.  Prebendary  and  Sub-Dean  of 
Durham,  died  in  1810.  Elizabeth,  married  to  F.  Glanville, 
Esq.  Susan,  married  to  Vice- Admiral  Bedford.  Catharine, 
married  to  Sir  T.  Byam  Martin,  K.  C.  B.,  Comptroller  of 
the  Navy.  Cordelia,  married  Captain  J.  C.  White,  R.  N., 


54  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

died  about  1809.  Anne,  unmarried.  Mary,  married  Vice- 
Admiral  the  Hon.  Sir  Robert  Stopford,  K.  C.  B.  Penelope, 
widow  of  Colonel  Duckworth,  who  fell  in  the  battle  of  Al- 
buera,  May  16,  1811  ;  and  Harriet,  unmarried. 



SIR  ANDREW  SNAPE  HAMOND,  BART. 

One  of  the  Elder  Brethren  of  the  Trinity  House;  a  Fellow  of  the  Royal 

Society ;  and  formerly  Comptroller  of  the  Navy. 
THIS  venerable  and  much  respected  officer  is  the  only  son 
of  the  late  Robert  Hamond,  Esq.,  who  died  in  1775,  by  Su- 
sanna, daughter  and  sole  heiress  of  Robert  Snape,  Esq. ;  and 
uncle  of  the  gallant  Sir  Andrew  Snape  Douglas,  who  com- 
manded the  Queen  Charlotte,  bearing  Earl  Howe's  flag,  and 
Was  severely  wounded  in  the  celebrated  battle  of  June  1, 

1794* 

'inaJV  vtt)''oh 

*  A  most  interesting  memoir  of  Sir  Andrew  Snape. Douglas  appears  in  the 

Naval  Chronicle,  Vol.  25,  p.  363,  et  sea.  The  following  is  an  extract 
therefrom: 

"  On  Sunday,  Jane  4,  1797,  after  an  agonizing'  illness,  which  he  bore 
with  a  fortitude  that  exemplified.au  unshaken  confidence  in  bis  God,  died 
in  the  35th  year  of  his  age,  Sir  Andrew  Snape  Douglas,  nephew  of  Sir 
Andrew  Snape  Hamond,  Bart. — He  was  late  Captain  of  H.  M.  S.  Queen 
Charlotte,  and  Colonel  of  Marines.  As  an  officer  in  his  Majesty's  navy, 
few  have  ever  equalled  him  ;  and  for  activity  and  courage  none  faaW tmf- 
passedhim.  His  career  of  glory  was  therefore  brilliant,  thougfc  his  life 
was  short.  No  name  stands  higher  in  the  list  of  fame — no  name  has  been 
more  justly  celebrated  for  acts  of  heroism  on  the  Memorable  1st  of  June. 
Severely  wounded  on  that  day  in  the  head,  he  scorned. .to  feave  his  station 

beyoud  the  moment  that  was  necessary  to  stop  ^he,flo\y  of  blood  ;.  but  he 

j  i 

exerted  nature  almost  beyond  her  powers. 

"  On  the  victorious  23d  June,  1795,  when  no  ships  were  in  a  sitnation 
to  support  him,  but  the  Irresistible  and  Orion  ;  undaunted  by  the  heavy 
fire  of  nine  sail  of  the  enemy's  fleet,  he  boldly  arrested  their  flight,  at  the 
very  mouth  of  1'Orient :  and  to  his  intrepidity  and  perseverance,  England 
stands  chiefly  indebted  for  the  capture  of  three  ships  of  the  line. 

'  [TO  >^}8  9il  I 

"  His  benevolence  as  a  man  equalled  his  gallantry  as  an  officer  ;  and  he 
proved  on  all  occasions,  a  father  to  those  whom  he  commanded.  He  was 
a  true  Christian,  a  dutiful  son,  an  affectionate  brother,  a  tender  and  faithful 
husband,  a  most  indulgent  parent,  and  a  warm,  generous,  and  firm  friend. 
As  a  patriot  and  a  public  character,  his  death,  particularly  at  this  mo- 
mentous crisis  *,  is  a  loss  which  cannot  but  be  painfully  regretted. 
1 

*  During  Sir  Apdrew'*  painful  illness,  the  mutiny  in  the  fleet  broke  out. 
See  Vol.  I.  p.  548,  et  sea. 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  55 

He  was  bom  at  Greenwich  in  Dec.  173^  ;  entered  the  na- 
val service  in  1J53 ;  and  was  appointed  a  Lieutenant  of  the 
Magnanime  74,  at  the  particular  request  of  her  Captain,  the 
late  Earl  Howe,  in  June  1759.  He  served  under  that  officer 
and  H.  R.  H.  the  late  Duke  of  York,  until  the  end  of  the 
seven-years'  war  *,  was  made  a  Commander  in  the  Savage 
sloop,  about  1765,  and  obtained  the  rank  of  Post-Captain  Dec. 

7,  1770. 

After  serving  for  some  time  as  Flag-Captain  to  Lord  H.otore, 
in  the  Barfleur  of  90  guns,  be  obtained  the  command  of  the 
Arethusa  frigate,  in  which  he  was  employed  on  the  American 
station  nearly  four  years.  At  the  commencement  of  the  co- 
lonial war  he  joined  the  Roebuck,  a  new  ship  mounting  44 
guns  on  two  decks,  and  soon  after  entered  upon  a  series  of 
most  active  and  perilous  services,  in  the  rivers  Delaware  and 
Chesapeake. 

In  the  month  of  June,   1776,   Captain  Hamond  accom- 

. 

"  But  who  can  speak  the  deep  and  lasting  sorrows  to  which  his  family 
and  friends  are  now  devoted !  Here,  alas,  words  are  useless.  Draw  then 
the  mournful  veil,  and  '  LET  EXPRESSIVE  SILENCE  MUSE  HIS  PRAISE'." 

Sir  Andrew  Snape  Douglas  was  distantly  related  to  the  Marquis 
Douglas,  and  bore  the  same  arms. — The  regard  which  his  late  Majesty  re*- 
tained  for  the  memory  of  this  lamented  officer,  is  exemplified  by  the  fol- 
lowing anecdote  :— The  King  having  often  inquired  whether  it  wqre  pos- 
sible for  him  to  have  a  bust  of  Sir  Andrew,  his  uncle  carried  one  to  the 
Queen's  house,  and  placed  it  in  one  of  the  rooms  through  which  the  royal 
family  were  to  pass,  on  their  return  from  the  chapel.  His  Majesty  imme- 
diately recognized  the  well-known  features  of  his  faithful  servant,  and  in 
a  manner  that  did  the  highest  honor  to  his  feelings!  Having  shewn  the 
bust  to  all  the  royal  family,  the  monarch  then  to'ok  it  in  his  own  hands, 
and  placed  it  over  a  book-case,  where  it  ever  afterwards  -emained. 

*  The  Magnanime  formed  part  of  Sir  Edward  Hawke's  fleet,  in  the 
action  off  Quiberon,  Nov.  20, 1759,  on  which  occasion  the  French  lost  sif 
ships  of  the  line  :  viz.  le  Formidable  of  80  guns,  captured;  le  Soleil  Royale, 
of  the  same  force,  bearing  the  flag  of  Admiral  de  Conflans,  and  1'Heros  74, 
driven  on  shore  and  burnt ;  le  These'e  74,  and  Superbe  70,  iunk  with  their 
crews  on  board  ;  and  le  Juste  of  70  guns,  wrecked.  The  British  fleet  con- 
sisted of  twenty-three  sail  of  the  line,  two  of  which,  ,the  Resolution  of.  74 
guns,  and  Essex  64,  were  lost  on  the  Four  Banks.  The  enemy  had  twenty- 
one  line-of-battle  ships,  two  frigates,  and  one  corvette  ;  their  loss,  if  we 
may  judge  from  the  carnage  made  on  board  le  Formidable,  which  vessel 
had  about  200  men,  including  Rear-Admiral  de  Verger,  killed,  must  have 
been  considerable.  On  our  side  50  were  slain,  and  about  250  wounded. 


56  RETIRKD    CAPTAINS. 

panied  Vice-Admiral  Lord  Shuldham  and  his  military  col- 
league, General  Sir  William  Howe,  on  an  expedition  against 
New  York.  On  the  3d  July  the  fleet  passed  the  bar  at 
Sandy  Hook,  and  anchored  off  Staten  Island,  which  was 
taken  possession  of  by  the  troops  without  resistance.  On 
the  14th,  Admiral  Lord  Howe  arrived  from  England,  and 
assumed  the  chief  command  of  the  naval  forces  on  the  coast 
of  America  *. 

In  order  to  facilitate  the  reduction  of  New  York,  Com- 
modore Hotham  was  detached  with  a  squadron  to  Gravesend 
Bay,  Long  Island,  to  cover  the  landing  of  15,000  troops, 
under  the  command  of  Generals  Howe,  Clinton,  and  Lord 
Cornwallis.  On  the  25th  Aug.  some  ships  of  war,  under 
the  orders  of  Sir  Peter  Parker,  were  directed  to  approach 
nearer  to  the  town  ;  and  another  small  squadron,  of  which 
the  Roebuck  formed  a  part,  was  sent  to  cover  the  general 
attack.  At  day-break  on  the  27th,  the  naval  force  made 
a  diversion,  which  perfectly  succeeded ;  and  in  the  evening 
the  army  encamped  in  front  of  the  enemy's  works.  The 
siege  continued  until  the  15th  Sept.;  on  which  day,  the  first 
division  of  troops,  having  embarked  at  Newton  Creek,  landed 
upon  New  York  Island,  under  cover  of  the  Phoenix  and 
Roebuck,  at  a  place  called  Keep's  Bay,  about  three  miles  dis- 
tant from  the  town.  As  soon  as  the  second  division  was 
landed,  the  Americans  retired  to  Morris's  height ;  and  New 
York  was  taken  possession  of  by  a  brigade  of  royal  troops 
the  same  evening.  General  Washington  subsequently  re- 
treated into  the  Jerseys,  pursued  by  the  British,  who  before 
the  end  of  November  were  in  possession  of  almost  the  whole 
of  those  provinces. 

On  the  9th  Oct.  Captain  Hamond  accompanied  Captains 
Hyde  Parker  and  Cornthwaite  Ommanney,  of  the  Phoenix 
and  Tartar,  up  the  North  River,  for  the  purpose  of  intercept- 
big  any  supplies  which  might  be  sent  to  the  rebels  by  that 
channel.  The  ships  sustained  a  heavy  cannonade  on  passing 
the  enemy's  batteries,  by  which  the  Roebuck  had  10  men, 
including  a  Lieutenant,  killed,  and  18  wounded. 

On  the  23d  July,  1777?   Lord  Howe  sailed  from  Sandy 

*  The  Thirteen  United  Provinces  of  America  declared  their  independency 
July  4,  1776. 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  57 

Hook  with  a  fleet  of  two  hundred  and  sixty -seven  sail,  hav- 
ing on  board  a  considerable  body  of  troops,  destined  for 
the  reduction  of  Philadelphia.  Owing  to  calms  and  adverse 
winds,  it  was  the  14th  Aug.  before  his  Lordship  reached  the 
Chesapeake.  On  the  llth  Sept.  the  Americans  were  de- 
feated in  a  severe  battle  fought  at  Brandywine  ;  General 
Washington  fled  to  Philadelphia ;  but  fiitding  that  he  could 
not  maintain  his  position  there,  without  the  hazard  of  a  ge- 
neral action,  abandoned  that  capital  to  its  fate,  and  continued 
his  retreat  several  miles  higher  up  the  river.  A  few  days 
after,  the  Delaware  frigate,  assisted  by  some  other  armed 
vessels,  attempted  to  obstruct  the  British  troops,  who  were 
employed  to  erect  batteries  next  the  sea.  Upon  the  falling 
of  the  tide,  she  got  aground,  and  was  taken  possession  of  by 
the  Roebuck  :  her  consorts  cut  their  cables  and  pushed  up 
the  river.  Captain  Hamond  appointed  his  first  Lieutenant 
to  command  the  prize,  who  pursued  and  destroyed  the  whole 
of  them,  amounting  to  seventeen  sail.  Before  the  ships  of 
war  could  proceed  higher  up  the  river,  it  was  necessary  that 
several  machines,  resembling  chevaux-de-fri/e,  which  the 
enemy  had  sunk  to  block  up  the  passage,  should  be  removed. 
This  arduous  undertaking  was  entrusted  to  Captain  Hamond, 
who,  after  much  perseverance  and  great  exertions,  succeeded 
in  weighing  a  sufficient  number  of  them  to  secure  a  safe 
channel  for  the  ships,  notwithstanding  he  was  greatly  an- 
noyed by  the  enemy's  floating  batteries.  The  next  object 
was  to  dislodge  the  Americans  from  the  strong  posts  which 
they  held  at  Red  Bank  and  Mud  Island.  To  effect  this  ser- 
vice, on  the  22d  Oct.  the  Augusta,  Somerset,  Isis,  and  Mer- 
lin, commanded  by  Captains  Reynolds,  Cornwallis,  Ourry, 
and  Reeve,  were  ordered  to  cannonade  the  batteries  on  the 
island ;  and  a  detachment  of  Hessian  soldiers  under  Count 
Donop,  were  at  the  same  time  directed  to  attack  the  re- 
boubt  on  Red  Bank.  The  Augusta  and  Merlin  took  the 
ground  in  a  situation  which  prevented  them  from  firing  with 
much  effect ;  they  however  kept  up  a  heavy  cannonade, 
and  baffled  the  efforts  of  the  enemy,  who  sent  down  several 
fire-rafts  and  heavy  gun- vessels  to  destroy  them.  Unfortu- 
nately, the  Augusta,  by  some  accident,  took  fire ;  and  the 
other  ships  being  obliged  to  withdraw,  the  Roebuck  covered 


58  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

her  till  she  blew  up,  to  prevent  the  Americans  getting  pos- 
session of  her.  This  service  Captain  Hamond  performed 
under  a  very  severe  fire,  his  springs  having  been  cut  three 
several  times ;  and  when  heaving  upon  the  fourth,  14  men 
were  knocked  down  by  one  shot,  which  completely  cleared 
two  opposite  capstern  bars.  The  Augusta  having  at  length 
exploded,  and  involved  in  her  destruction  the  Merlin,  the 
Hessians  being  at  the  same  time  repulsed  with  dreadful 
slaughter,  he  felt  it  necessary  to  retire  from  his  very  perilous 
situation  *. 

On  the  15th  November,  a  more  vigorous  and  successful  at- 
tack was  made  on  Mud  Island,  by  the  Somerset,  Isis,  Roe- 
buck, Pearl,  Liverpool,  and  three  smaller  vessels  :  the  can- 
nonade was  so  furious  that  the  enemy  were  driven  from  their 
guns,  and  retired  in  great  confusion.  Those  on  the  main 
soon  shared  the  fate  of  their  countrymen  on  the  island  ;  by 
which  means  a  free  communication  was  opened  with  Phila- 
delphia by  water.  The  Roebuck,  on  this  occasion,  had  3 
men  killed  and  7  wounded.  The  total  loss  sustained  by  the 
other  ships  was  no  more  than  3  slain  and  13  wounded. 

During  the  ensuing  two  years  Captain  Hamond  was  con- 
stantly employed  on  a  variety  of  hazardous  services,  rendered 
necessary  by  the  'peculiar  nature  of  the  war.  In  February, 
1780,  he  accompanied  Vice- Admiral  Arbuthnot,  who  had  re- 
cently hoisted  his  flag  in  the  Roebuck  as  Commander- 
in-Chief  on  the  American  station,  on  an  expedition  against 
Charlestown,  in  South  Carolina;  from  whence  he  returned  to 
England  with  the  official  despatches  relative  to  its  reduction. 
During  the  operations  against  that  place  he  appears  to  have 
acted  per  order  as  Captain  of  the  Fleetf. 

. 
*  Mud  Fort  is  situated  on  the  Pennsylvauia  shore,  and  Red  Bank  on  the 

Jersey  side,  near  the  confluence  of  the  Delaware  and  Schuylkill  rivers. 

•f  In  consequence  of  the  badness  of  the  weather,  and  the  annoyance 
which  the  boats  employed  to  sound  the  channel  sustained  from  the  ene- 
mies' gallics,  it  was  not  till  the  20th  March  that  the  British  squadron  was 
.able  to  pass  the  bar ;  when  the  enemy,  who  had  a  considerable  naval  force 
in  the  harbour,  which  was  drawn  up  in  order  of  battle,  as  if  determined 
to  dispute  the  passage,  abandoned  their  position  and  retired  towards  the 
town,  where  most  of  the  armed  ships,  with  several  merchant  vessels, 
were  sunk  to  obstruct  the  navigation. 

On  the  requisition  of  Sir  Henry  Clinton  some  heavy  guns  were  landed 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  59 

Towards  the  latter  end  of  the  same  year  Captain  Hamond, 
who  had  previously  received  the  honor  of  knighthood,  was  ap- 
pointed Lieutenant  Governor  and  Commander-in- Chief  of  Nova 
Scotia,  and  Commodore  and  Resident  Commissioner  at  Halifax, 
where  he  remained  until  the  conclusion  of  the  war ;  when  he 
en._  "ked  as  a  passenger  on  board  the  Caton  of  64  guns, 
from  which  ship  he  removed  on  her  arrival  at  Antigua,  to  re- 
pair the  damages  she  had  sustained  in  a  heavy  gale  of  wind 
near  the  banks  of  Newfoundland,  into  the  Amazon  privateer, 
in  which  vessel  he  returned  to  England  about  June,  1783. 

On  the  10th  December  following,  Captain  Hampnd  was 
created  a  Baronet  of  Great  Britain,  as  a  ?eward  for  his  very 
distinguished  services.  From  this  period  we  find  no  mention 
of  him  until  the  commencement  of  1785,  when  he  hoisted  a 
broad  pendant  on  board  the  Irresistible  of  74  guns,  as  Com- 
modore and  Commander-in-Chief  in  the  river  Meclway  and 
at  the  Nore.  He  subsequently  sat  as  a  member  of  the  board 
appointed  to  investigate  and  report  on  the  expediency  and 
efficacy  of  certain  plans  which  had  been  proposed  for  the 
better  security  of  the  dock-yards  at  Portsmouth  and  Plymouth. 

During  the  Spanish  armament,  and  the  altercation  that  af 
terwards  took  place  between  Great  Britain  and  Russia,  Sir 
Andrew  commanded  the  Vanguard  74 ;  and  on  that  ship  being 

from  the  men  of  war,  with  a  detachment  of  seamen ;  and  by  the  9th 
April,  the  army,  consisting  of  7,550  men,  had  constructed  and  opened  bat- 
teries against  the  town.  On  that  day  the  squadron  passed  Sullivan's  Island, 
amidst  a  heavy  fire  ;  and  soon  after  a  brigade  of  seamen  and  marines  were 
landed,  and  took  possession  of  a  post  at  Mount  Pleasant,  without  opposi- 
tion, the  enemy  flying  into  Charlestown  on  their  approach.  Thinking  it 
practicable  to  carry  the  fort  on  Sullivan's  Island  by  storm,  the  Vice-Admi- 
ral  determined  to  make  the  attempt ;  and  in  the  night  of  the  4th  May,  200 
seamen  and  marines  were  landed.  This  detachment  succeeded  in  passing 
the  fort  before  daylight,  unobserved  by  the  enemy,  and  took  possession  of 
a  redoubt  on  the  east  end  of  the  island.  The  ships  being  drawn  up  to 
support  the  attack,  and  every  arrangement  having  been  made  for  the  as- 
sault, a  summons  was  sent  into  the  fort,  the  garrison  of  which  almost  im- 
mediately surrendered  as  prisoners  of  war.  .HOT} 
This  success  was  followed  by  the  surrender  of  Charlestown  itself,  about 
the  i  1th  of  the  same  month,  when  the  Providence  and  Boston,  American 
frigates,  Ranger  of  20  guns,  1'Aventure,  a  French  ship  of  26  guns,  a 
polacre  of  16,  four  armed  gallies,  and  several  other  small  vessels,  fell  into 
the  hands  of  the  British,  whose  whole  loss  during  the  siege  did  not  ex- 
ceed 23  killed  and  28  wounded. 


GO  RKTIRED    CAPTAINS. 

put  out  of  commission,  in  the  autumn  of  1791,  he  was  ap- 
pointed to  the  Bedford,  another  third  rate,  in  which  he  con- 
tinued until  the  commencement  of  the  French  revolutionary 
war,  when  he  removed  into  the  Duke  of  90  guns.  In  the 
course  of  the  year  1793  he  was  nominated  a  Commissioner  of 
the  Navy  Board,  of  which  he  became  Deputy  Comptroller  in 
February  1794. 

Sir  Andrew  S.  Hamond's  last  appointment  was  in  August, 
1794,  to  be  Comptroller  of  the  Navy  ;  in  which  high  and 
laborious  office  he  remained  till  early  in  1806,  when  he  re- 
tired with  a  pension  of  1500J.  per  annum. 

Our  officer  married  Anne,  daughter  and  heiress  of  Henry 
Graeme,  Esq.  of  Hanwell  Heath,  co.  Middlesex,  and  has  is>- 
sue,  Graham  Eden  Hamond,  a  Post  Captain,  and  C.  B. ;  and 
Caroline,  widow  of  the  Hon.  Lieutenant-Colonel  Hood, 
eldest  son  of  Henry  Viscount  Hood,  who  served  as  Adjutant- 
General  to  the  second  division  of  Lord  Wellington's  army, 
and  fell  in  the  enterprise  of  driving  the  enemy  from  Aire^ 
March  2,  1814. 

Residence. — Terrington,  near  Lynn,  Norfolk. 

LJ guana.* 

SIR  FRANCIS  JOHN  HARTWELL,  BART. 

A  Director  of  Greenwich  Hospital,  and  late  Deputy  Comptroller  of  the 

Navy. 

THIS  officer  is  the  third  son  of  Captain  Broderick  Hartwell, 
who  died  Lieutenant -Governor  of  Greenwich  Hospital  in 
January,  1784 ;  was  born  about  the  year  1757 ;  and  at  the 
commencement  of  the  war  with  the  colonies,  commanded  the 
Rattlesnake  cutter,  in  which  he  fought  several  smart  actions 
with  the  enemy's  privateers,  and  captured  a  very  valuable 
French  West  Indiaman.  On  his  promotion  to  the  rank  of 
Commander  he  was  appointed  to  the  ^Etna  bomb,  stationed 
at  Antigua ;  and  on  the  death  of  Captain  Broughton,  he  suc- 
ceeded that  officer  in  the  command  of  the  Sphynx  frigate, 
from  whence  he  removed  to  the  Brune.  His  post  com-» 
mission  bears  date  December  19,  1779. 

In  the  month  of  August,  17^9,  when  their  late  Majesties 
reviewed  a  squadron  under  Commodore  Goodall,  at  Ply- 
mouth, Captain  Hartwell  commanded  the  Bellona  of  74  guns, 
and  was  presented  to  the  King  immediately  after  the  sham- 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  61 

fight  which  took  place  on  that  occasion  *.  He  continued  in 
the  Bellona  during  the  Spanish  and  Russian  armaments,  but 
was.  paid  off  in  the  autumn  of  1791.  Towards  the  close  of 
the  following  year  we  find  him  fitting  out  the  Thetis  of  38 
guns,  at  Deptford ;  and  at  the  commencement  of  the  war 
with  revolutionary  France,  cruising  with  considerable  success 
in  the  Channel. 

The  Thetis  was  paid  off  in  September,  1793 ;  and  about 
the  same  period  Captain  Hartwell  became  a  Commissioner  of 
the  Victualling  Board,  in  which  office  he  remained  until  the 
autumn  of  1796,  when  he  was  appointed  to  superintend  the 
Dock-yard  at  Sheerness.  In  the  course  of  1799  he  removed 
to  Chatham  Yard ;  and  soon  after  obtained  a  seat  at  the  Navy 
Board,  where  he  continued  to  sit,  as  a  Commissioner  and 
Deputy  Comptroller,  till  the  summer  of  1814.  He  has  ever 
since  lived  in  retirement. 

Commissioner  Hartwell  received  the  honor  of  knighthood 
on  the  occasion  of  his  acting  as  proxy  for  Lord  Keith,  at  an 
installation  of  Knights  of  the  Bath.  He  subsequently  had 
a  much  greater  mark  of  royal  favor  conferred  upon  him,  be- 
ing raised  to  the  dignity  of  Baronet  of  Great  Britain,  Octo- 
ber 5,  1805. 

Our  officer  married,  first,  May  12,  1781,  Anna  Charlotte 
Maria,  eldest  daughter  of  John  Elphinstone,  Esq.  Captain 
R.  N.,  Lieutenant-General,  Vice-Admiral,  and  Commander- 
in-Chief  of  the  Russian  fleet ;  and  by  that  lady,  who  died 

*  On  the  18th  August,  1789,  his  Majesty  King  George  III.  went  on 
board  the  Southampton  frigate  in  Plymouth  Sound,  and  proceeded  to  re- 
view a  squadron  of  ten  2-deckers,  then  in  the  offing,  under  the  command 
of  Commodore  Goodall.  On  the  approach  of  the  royal  standard  the 
squadron  formed  into  two  separate  lines  of  battle,  that  representing  the 
enemy  commanded  by  Captain  Macbride.  After  manoeuvring  for  some 
time  upon  different  tacks,  in  order  to  bring  each  other  to  action,  the  en- 
gagement began  with  a  most  furious  cannonade  between  the  two  com- 
manders, and  soon  became  general.  In  about  a  quarter  of  an  hour  both 
fleets  wore  to  the  westward,  the  enemy's  line  gave  way,  and  were  furi- 
ously assailed  by  Commodore  Goodall.  Captain  Macbride,  however,  suc- 
ceeded in  reforming  his  line,  wore  round  upon  the  larboard  tack,  and  re- 
newed the.  action  with  fresh  vigor.  This  continued  for  some  time,  when 
the  enemy  again  gave  way.  Soon  after  both  divisions  formed  in  the  order 
of  sailing,  and  the  King  returned  to  Plymouth,  highly  pleased  with  his  ex- 
cursion, under  a  royal  salute  from  the  ships  and  forts. 


02  RKmiKD    CAPTAINS. 

June  6,  1809,  had  five  sons  and  one  daughter.  His  eldest 
son,  the  Rev.  Houlton  Hartwell,  Vicar  of  Loders  and  Brad- 
pole,  in  Dorsetshire,  and  an  active  magistrate  of  that  county, 
died  February  24,  1819,  aged  36  years. 

Sir  Francis  Hartwell  married,  second,  in  1812,  Miss  Al- 
dridge,  sister  of  John  Aldridge,  of  New  Lodge,  co.  Sussex, 
Esq. 

Residence. — Laleham,  Middlesex. 


JOHN  N.  INGLEFIELD,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  attained  the  rank  of  Lieutenant  ahout  the  year 
1768 ;  and  served  as  such  in  the  Courageux  and  the  Robust 
74's,  commanded  by  the  brothers  Captains  Samuel  and  Alex- 
ander Hood,  both  of  whom  were  afterwards  advanced  to  the 
peerage.  He  was  made  a  Post-Captain  October  II,  1780; 
and  soon  after  appointed  to  the  command  of  the  Barfleur,  a 
second  rate,  bearing  the  flag  of  Rear-Admiral  Sir  Samuel 
Hood,  whom  he  accompanied  to  the  West  Indies,  with  a  re- 
inforcement for  the  squadron  in  that  quarter,  under  the  orders 
of  Sir  George  B.  Rodney. 

On  the  29th  April,  1781,  Sir  Samuel  Hood  having  been  de- 
tached with  eighteen  sail  of  the  line  to  cruise  off  Martinique,  fell 
in  and  had  a  partial  action  with  the  French  fleet  under  the  Count 
de  Grasse,  consisting  of  twenty-four  ships  of  the  line  and  two 
of  50  guns.  In  this  affair  the  Barfleur  had  5  men  killed.  The  to- 
tal loss  sustained  by  the  British  was  41  slain  and  130  wounded. 
Amongst  the  former  were  Captain  Nott,  of  the  Centaur,  and 
Mr.  Plowden,  his  first  Lieutenant,  two  brave  and  excellent 
officers.  The  next  day,  the  enemy's  van  and  centre  being  at 
some  distance  from  their  rear,  Sir  Samuel  Hood,  by  a  bold 
manoeuvre,  notwithstanding  his  inferiority,  attempted  to  cut 
them  off;  but  having  failed  in  this  resolute  enterprise,  he  was 
obliged,  from  the  bad  condition  of  many  of  his  ships,  to  bear 
away  for  Antigua.  On  the  31st  July  following,  he  assumed 
the  chief  command  of  the  fleet,  Sir  George  B.  Rodney  having 
sailed  for  England. 

In  the  ensuing  month  Captain  Inglefield,  who  had  been  re- 
moved into  the  Centaur  on  the  death  of  her  late  commander, 
accompanied  Sir  Samuel  Hood  to  the  coast  of  America,  in  pur- 
suit of  M.  de  Grasse.  He  returned  to  Barbadoes  with  the 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  63 

same  officer,  after  the  surrender  of  Earl  Cornwallis  to  the 
combined  armies  of  France  and  America*. 

During  the  subsequent  operations  at  the  island  of  St. 
Christopher.,  Captain  Inglefield  was  several  times  sent  with 
flags  of  truce  to  the  Marquis  de  Bouille  and  the  Count  de 
Grasse.  He  was  also  employed  in  the  hazardous  service  of 
establishing  signals  between  the  fleet  and  the  garrison  of 
Brimstone  Hill, by  means  of  personal  communication  with  the 
officer  commanding  there  f. 

The  Centaur  formed  part  of  the  red  division  of  Sir  George 

*  After  the  partial  action  off  the  Chesapeake,  September  5,  1781, 
which  we  have  already  noticed  in  our  first  volume,  p.  133,  the  British 
flee.t,  commanded  by  the  Rear- Admirals  Graves,  Hood,  and  Drake,  re- 
turned to  Sandy  Hook,  and  took  on  board  7000  troops  under  Sir  Henry 
Clinton,  destined  for  the  relief  of  Earl  Cornwallis,  who  was  closely  in- 
vested at  York  and  Gloucester,  by  the  French  and  rebel  armies.  On  the 
24th  October  the  armament  arrived  off  the  Chesapeake,  when  the  British 
commanders  had  the  mortification  to  find  that  his  Lordship,  owing  to  the 
exhausted  and  sickly  state  of  his  army,  and  being  without  any  hopes  of 
relief,  had  entered  into  a  capitulation  for  the  surrender  of  those  important 
posts  on  the  1 7th.  By  this  unfortunate  event  6000  British  troops,  and 
1500  seamen,  fell  into  the  hands  of  the  enemy. 

t  Sir  Samuel  Hood,  after  his  return  from  America,  remained  in  Carlisle 
Bay,  with  his  fleet  moored  in  order  of  battle,  in  daily  expectation  of  a  visit 
from  the  French,  till  January  14,  1782,  when  he  received  intelligence 
that  the  Count  de  Grasse  had  relinquished  his  plan  of  attacking  Barba- 
does,  and  gone  to  St.  Christopher's ;  on  his  arrival  at  which  island  the 
Marquis  de  Bouille  was  landed  with  8000  troops,  and  the  British  garrison 
consisting  of  only  600  men,  under  Brigadier-General  Fraser,  obliged  to 
retire  into  the  fort  at  Brimstone  Hill.  The  Rear-Admiral,  notwithstanding 
the  superiority  of  the  enemy,  determined  on  a  measure  of  unusual  bold- 
ness, for  the  preservation  of  that  valuable  island.  Instead  of  waiting 
their  approach,  he  resolved  to  confound  the  enemy  by  an  immediate  at- 
tack, and  to  engage  them  as  they  lay  at  their  anchors.  For  this  purpose 
he  immediately  put  to  sea  from  Carlisle  Bay,  embarked  General  Prescott 
and  the  few  troops  that  could  be  spared  from  Antigua,  and  proceeded 
without  loss  of  time  to  attack  the  enemy  in  Basseterre  Road. 

At  day-break  on  the  24th  the  signal  was  made  to  form  the  line  of  battle, 
for  the  purpose  of  bearing  down  to  the  attack  ;  but  the  untoward  accident 
of  the  Alfred's  running  foul  of  the  Nymph,  arrested  the  prosecution  of 
this  well-concerted  design,  and  obliged  the  fleet  to  bring  to  whilst  the  for- 
mer vessel  repaired  her  damages.  Towards  the  evening  of  the  same  day 
the  Count  de  Grasse  quitted  his  anchorage  and  put  to  sea,  that  his  ships 
might  have  full  room  to  act,  and  thus  secure  the  advantages  of  their  su- 
periority in  point  of  number. 


64  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

15.  Kndney's  fleet  in  the  glorious  battle  of  April  12,  1782,  the 
particulars  of  which  will  be  found  in  our  first  volume,  p.  35> 
et  seq.  In  August  following  she  sailed  for  England,  in  com- 

At  day-light  on  the  25th,  the  enemy's  fleet  was  observed  about  three 
leagues  to  leeward,  formed  in  order  of  battle,  and  consisting  of  twenty- 
nine  sail  of  the  line.  Sir  Samuel  Hood,  who  had  only  twenty-two  line- 
of-battle  ships,  instantly  perceived  the  great  advantages  to  be  derived  from 
this  movement,  and  carried  on  every  appearance  of  an  immediate  and  de- 
termined attack,  which  drove  the  enemy  farther  to  leeward,  whilst  he 
himself  pushed  for  Basseterre,  and  anchored  his  fleet  in  line  of  battle 
a-head,  in  Frigate  Bay.  The  Count  de  Grasse,  astonished  at  this  excellent 
manoeuvre,  and  apprehensive  that  all  communication  with  the  army  might 
be  cut  off,  made  a  most  furious  attack  upon  the  rear  of  the  British  fleet, 
commanded  by  Commodore  Affleck ;  but  that  gallant  officer  made  so 
noble  a  defence,  and  was  so  ably  supported  by  his  seconds,  the  Hon.  Wil- 
liam Cornwallis  in  the  Canada,  and  Lord  Robert  Manners  in  the  Resolu- 
tion, who  kept  up  an  incessant  fire,  covering  the  other  ships  of  the  divi- 
sion while  they  brought  up  in  their  stations,  particularly  the  Prudent, 
whose  wheel  was  shot  away,  and  the  rudder  choked  by  a  shot  which  had 
lodged  between  it  and  the  stem-post,  that  the  enemy,  finding  they  could  not 
make  any  impression  on  the  resolute  firmness  of  the  British,  bore  up  and 
stood  to  sea. 

The  next  morning,  at  8  o'clock,  the  French  fleet  stood  in,  as  if  deter- 
mined to  force  the  British  line,  which  they  attacked  with  great  violenc  e 
from  van  to  rear,  without  making  the  least  visible  impression  on  it ;  they 
then  wore  and  stood  to  sea.  Sir  Samuel  Hood,  having  observed  that  the 
rear  of  his  fleet  was  too  much  exposed,  took  this  opportunity  to  change 
the  position  thereof,  and  directed  the  Alfred,  Canada,  Prudent,  Resolution, 
Belliqueux,  Centaur,  and  Monarch,  to  extend  themselves  in  a  line  towards 
the  town  of  Basseterre,  forming  an  obtuse  angle,  by  which  means  no  one 
part  of  the  fleet  could  suffer  a  partial  attack.  The  Count  de  Grasse,  not 
yet  discouraged,  renewed  the  engagement  in  the  afternoon,  directing  his 
attack  principally  against  the  centre  and  rear  divisions  ;  he  was  again  re- 
pulsed, and  suffered  more  material  damage  than  in  the  preceding  battle. 
The  Ville  de  Paris,  bearing  de  Grasse's  flag,  was  upon  the  heel  all  the  next 
day,  covering  her  shot-holes;  and  according  to  information  which  Sir 
Samuel  Hood  subsequently  received  from  the  shore,  upwards  of  1,000 
wounded  Frenchmen  were  sent  to  St.  Eustatius.  The  loss  sustained  by 
the  British,  in  all  the  attacks,  amounted  to  72  killed,  and  244  wounded. 

On  the  28th,  part  of  the  13th  regiment,  and  the  whole  of  the  28th  and 
69th,  were  landed  under  cover  of  four  frigates.  After  a  smart  skirmish  with 
a  detachment  of  French  troops,  which  were  beaten,  and  obliged  to  retreat 
with  great  loss  into  Basseterre,  General  Prescott  took  post  upon  a  com- 
manding hill.  The  following  morning,  the  Marquis  de  Bouille  arrived 
with  4,000  troops  from  Sandy  Point ;  but  finding  the  British  General's  po- 
sition to  be  too  strong  to  venture  an  attack,  he  proceeded  to  the  siege  of 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  65 

pnny  with  the  prizes  taken  on  that  memorable  occasion,  and 
a  large  fleet  of  merchantmen,  the  whole  under  the  orders  of 
Rear- Admiral  Graves.  Nothing  material  occurred  until  the 
night  of  the  22d,  when  1'Hector,  a  French  74,  being  badly 
manned  and  a  heavy  sailer,  dropped  a-stern  and  parted  com- 
pany. On  the  8th  September  it  blew  a  strong  gale,  and  the 
leaks  of  the  Caton,  another  of  the  prizes,  and  the  Pallas  fri- 
gate, had  so  much  increased,  that  the  Rear-Admiral  was 
under  the  necessity  of  ordering  them  to  bear  away  for  Halifax. 
On  the  Kith  the  fleet  encountered  a  heavy  gale  from  the 
E.  S,  E.  which  continued  to  blow  with  unabating  fury  till 
three  o'clock  next  morning,  when  on  a  sudden  it  shifted  to 
the  N.  N.  W.,  and  soon  increased  to  a  hurricane.  As  the  day 
broke,  it  discovered  an  indescribable  scene  of  horror  and  dis- 

Brimstone  Hill.  As  no  object  could  be  gained  by  General  Prescott  re- 
maining oa  shore,  he  re-embarked  the  same  evening. 

Soon  after  the  arrival  of  the  fleet,  Captain  Inglefield  of  the  Centaur, 
was  sent  to  Brigadier-General  Fraser  with  a  message  of  importance,  and 
returned  in  safety,  after  establishing  signals  between  the  fort  and  the 
squadron.  The  vigilance  of  the  enemy  cut  off  all  further  communication. 
Many  attempts  were  afterwards  made  to  throw  succours  into  the  garrison, 
all  of  which  proved  ineffectual ;  and  several  officers  sent  with  messages  to 
the  Brigadier,  were  detected  and  taken  prisoners. 

The  enemy  prosecuted  the  siege  with  unabating  vigour  till  the  13th 
Feb.,  when  a  practicable  breach  was  made  in  the  works,  and  Brigadier- 
General  Fraser  and  the  Governor,  having  given  up  all  hope  of  succour, 
reluctantly  consented  to  capitulate. 

On  the  morning  of  the  14th,  the  French  fleet,  reinforced  by  five  ships 
of  the  line,  anchored  off  Nevis  ;  and  it  being  no  longer  necessary  for  the 
British  to  continue  in  its  present  situation,  which  was  useless  and  dan- 
gerous, not  only  from  the  vast  superiority  of  the  enemy's  fleet,  but  that 
they  were  preparing  to  erect  gun  and  mortar-batteries  on  a  hill  com- 
manding the  anchorage,  Sir  Samuel  Hood  issued  orders  to  the  respective 
Captains  to  slip  or  cut  their  cables  without  signal,  at  1 1  P.  M.,  the  stern- 
most  and  leewardmost  ships  first,  and  so  on  in  succession,  then  to  proceed 
under  an  easy  sail  until  directed  otherwise  by  signal.  That  this  order 
might  be  punctually  obeyed,  the  Captains  were  directed  to  set  their 
watches  by  Sir  Samuel's  time-piece .  This  was  performed  with  the  utmost 
order  and  regularity,  without  being  molested  or  pursued  by  the  French 
fleet ;  which  was  lying  within  five  miles,  and  must  have  witnessed  the  ma- 
noeuvre. The  British  fleet  anchored  at  Antigua  on  the  19th,  and  a  few  days 
after  was  joined  by  Sir  George  B.  Rodney,  with  a  reinforcement  from, 
England. 

VOL.  n.  r 


66  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

tress  ;  some  of  the  ships  of  war  had  lost  their  masts,  and  were 
otherwise  much  disabled  ;  many  of  the  convoy  had  not  only 
suffered  similar  disasters,  but  had  actually  foundered  ;  and  the 
sea  was  covered  with  wrecks.  Numbers  of  miserable  wretches 
of  both  sexes  were  seen,  either  lashed  or  clinging  to  them : 
and  what  rendered  their  dreadful  situation  still  more  piteous, 
was  the  impossibility  of  giving  them  the  smallest  assistance  : 
the  storm  continued  to  rage,  and  the  sea  so  rough  and  agi- 
tated, that  no  boats  could  be  put  out  to  their  relief.  A  few 
indeed  were  fortunate  enough  to  be  saved  by  ropes  thrown 
from  the  ships  as  they  approached  them.  When  the  squall 
came  on,  the  Ramillies  74  had  her  main-sail  set,  and  in  this 
situation  was  taken  aback.  Before  the  clue-garnets  could  be 
manned  the  main-mast  went  over  the  side,  carrying  with  it 
the  mizen-mast,  fore-top-mast,  and  fore-yard.  The  tiller 
broke  in  the  rudder  head ;  and  in  a  short  time,  from  the 
chain  pumps  being  choaked,  the  water  in  the  hold  had  in- 
creased to  six  feet.  In  the  course  of  the  day  several  of  the 
guns  and  heavy  stores  were  thrown  overboard,  to  ease  the 
ship ;  but  these  efforts  proved  ineffectual :  the  pumps  could 
not  be  cleared,  and  by  the  21st  the  leak  had  gained  so  consi- 
derably that  Rear-Admiral  Graves  began  to  despair  of  saving 
her.  Fortunately  the  gale  abated  sufficiently  to  allow  the  few 
merchantmen  still  in  company  to  take  out  the  crew ;  which 
being  effected  by  four  o'clock  in  the  afternoon,  she  was  set 
on  fire  and  soon  after  blew  up. 

The  melancholy  fate,  of  the  Centaur  was  still  more  deplo- 
rable. The  squall  had  laid  her  so  much  on  her  beam  ends, 
that  the  water  burst  through  from  the  hold  between  decks  ; 
she  lay  motionless,  and  seemed  irrecoverably  overset.  Her 
masts  falling  overboard,  she  in  some  degree  righted,  with  the 
loss  of  her  rudder,  and  such  extreme  violence  as  caused  un- 
speakable mischief  and  confusion.  The  guns  broke  loose, 
the  shot  were  thrown  out  of  the  lockers,  and  the  water  that 
came  from  the  hold  swept  away  every  thing  between  decks, 
as  effectually  as  the  waves  had  from  the  upper.  The  officers, 
when  the  ship  overset,  ran  up  from  their  beds  naked ;  nei- 
ther could  they  get  at  a  single  article  of  clothes  to  put  on  in 
the  morning,  nor  receive  any  assistance  from  those  who 
were  upon  deck,  they  themselves  having  no  other  but  what 
they  had  on. 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  67 

The  unshaken  fortitude  of  the  crew,  under  every  difficulty, 
and  with  scarcely  the  possibility  of  escape  remaining, — while 
it  heightens  the  merit  of  the  sufferers,  only  serves  to  render 
their  fate  the  more  grievous.  By  their  unwearied  exertions, 
the  ship  was  kept  afloat  until  the  23d ;  but  on  the  morning 
of  that  day,  all  their  efforts  appeared  fruitless.  The  water  in 
the  hold  had  blown  up  the  orlop-deck,  the  ship  was  filling 
fast,  and  going  gradually  down.  Every  countenance  was 
painted  with  horror  and  despair ;  not  a  shadow  of  hope  now 
remained :  the  people  could  be  no  longer  prevailed  on  to  bail, 
and  the  vessel  was  left  to  her  fate.  Some  of  the  bravest 
seamen,  who  had  hitherto  persevered  in  their  sufferings  and 
labour,  without  a  murmur  or  any  expression  of  fear,  geeing 
that  all  was  over,  and  being  suddenly  struck  with  a  melan- 
choly and  tender  recollection  of  their  country,  and  of  every 
thing  that  was  most  dear  to  them,  burst  openly  into  tears, 
and  wept  like  children  :  others,  appearing  perfectly  resigned 
to  their  fate,  went  to  their  hammocks,  and  requested  their 
messmates  to  lash  them  in :  numbers  were  lashing  them- 
selves to  gratings  and  email  rafts.  Amidst  this  scene  of  mi- 
sery and  distress,  the  idea  most  prevalent  among  the  men 
was  that  of  equipping  themselves  in  their  best  and  cleanest 
clothes.  Although  rafts  were  made,  and  the  boats  put  into 
the  water,  the  bulk  of  the  officers  and  men,  convinced  of  the 
impossibility  of  being  saved,  preferred  resigning  themselves 
quietly  to  their  fate,  rather  than  take  the  chance  of  prolong- 
ing their  wretched  existence  for  a  few  hours.  At  5  o'clock 
in  the  evening,  Captain  Inglefield,  who  had  not  yet  formed 
any  determination  for  himself,  perceiving  a  few  of  the  people 
getting  into  the  pinnace,  and  others  preparing  to  follow  them, 
beckoned  to  Mr.  Renny,  the  Master,  who  was  the  only  offi- 
cer on  deck,  and  instantly  jumped  into  the  boat,  followed  by 
that  gentleman  *.  Tb.e  sea  ran  so  high,  it  was  with  much 
difficulty  they  could  get  her  clear  of  the  ship ;  numbers  of 
the  people  who  were  on  the  gangway,  endeavouring  to  follow 
their  example,  fell  into  the  sea  and  were  drowned.  Mr.  Ro- 
bert Baylis,  a  Midshipman,  only,  15  years  of  age,  jumped 

*  Mr.  Renny  was  afterwards  made  a  Lieutenant,  and  appointed  to  the 
command  of  a  cutter,  which  foundered  on  her  passage  to  Gibraltar  with 
despatches,  and  all  on  board  perished. 

F  2 


68  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

overboard,  and  had  the  good  fortune  to  reach  the  boat, 
though  it  was  with  some  difficulty  Captain  Inglefield  could 
prevail  on  his  companions  to  take  him  in  *.  The  whole 
number  now  in  the  boat  was  twelve,  adrift  in  the  middle  of 
the  Atlantic  Ocean,  a  dark  and  stormy  night  approaching, 
without  either  compass,  quadrant,  or  sail.  Their  provisions 
consisted  of  a  bag  of  bread,  a  small  ham,  a  single  piece  of 
pork,  a  few  French  cordials,  and  two  quart  bottles  of  water. 
A  blanket  which  had  been  thrown  into  the  boat,  they  bent  to 
one  of  the  stretchers,  and  used  as  a  sail.  Providentially,  the 
next  morning  the  weather  proved  more  moderate,  and  the 
wind  continuing  to  blow  from  the  N.  W.  buoyed  them  up 
with  the  hope  of  being  able  to  reach  the  Azores,  which,  at  the 
time  they  quitted  the  Centaur,  were  about  260  leagues  to  the 
S.  E.  On  the  fifth  morning  it  was  discovered  that  the  salt  water 
had  spoiled  the  greater  part  of  their  bread  ;  this  reduced  them 
to  the  necessity  of  living  upon  the  miserable  pittance  of  two 
biscuits  for  the  twenty-four  hours,  which  were  divided  equally 
between  the  whole.  The  neck  of  a  bottle  with  the  cork  in  it, 
was  the  measure  of  water  allotted  to  support  each  individual 
for  the  same  period.  For  the  want  of  this  necessary  article 
they  must  shortly  have  perished,  had  not  a  pair  of  sheets 
been  found  in  the  boat ;  rain  coming  on,  they  were  enabled, 
by  alternately  spreading  and  wringing  them,  to  catch  and 
save  a  few  quarts  of  water ;  but  not  by  any  means  a  suffi- 
ciency to  allay  their  thirst.  Captain  Inglefield,  to  divert  the 
attention  of  the  people  from  their  situation  and  distress,  in- 
duced them  during  the  heavy  and  pensive  hours  of  the  night, 
to  amuse  each  other  by  relating  a  story,  or  singing  a  song,  in 
turn. 

On  the  16th  day  after  their  departure  from  the  ship,  the 
last  ration  of  bread  and  water  was  distributed,  and  all  hope 
vanished.  The  Almighty,  however,  who  had  conducted  these 
unfortunate  people  through  so  many  perils,  still  favored  them 
with  his  divine  protection ;  and  on  the  same  day,  to  their  in- 
expressible joy,  land  was  discovered,  for  which  they  instantly 
steered,  and  before  night  arrived  safely  in  the  harbour  of 

•  Mr.  Baylis  died  a  Lieutenant  of  the  Mercury  frigate,  at  St.  John'i, 
Newfoundland,  Sept.  1..,  1799. 


RETIRED    CAPfAINS.  69 

jFayal,  where  they  met  with  every  humane  attention,  and 
from  whence  they  soon  after  proceeded  to  England  *. 

On  the  25th  Jan.  1783,  Captain  Inglefield  and  the  other 
survivors  of  the  Centaur,  were  tried  by  a  court-martial  at 
Portsmouth,  for  the  loss  of  that  vessel,  and  fully  acquitted  of 
all  blame  on  account  thereof  f. 

Immediately  after  his  trial,  Captain  Inglefield  was  appointed 
to  the  Scipio  of  64  guns,  stationed  as  a  guard-ship  in  the 
river  Medway.  His  next  appointment  was  in  the  autumn 
of  1788,  to  the  Adventure  of  44  guns  ;  in  which  ship  he  went 
to  the  coast  of  Africa,  and  returned  from  thence  in  Aug.  1789. 
He  afterwards  made  three  successive  voyages  to  the  same 
station,  in  the  Medusa  of  50  guns. 

The  Medusa,  coming  up  Channel  in  Sept.  1792,  passed  the 
frigate  in  which  our  late  venerable  monarch  was  making  his 
usual  marine  excursion  from  Weymouth.  After  saluting  the 
royal  standard,  Captain  Inglefield  followed  her  to  the  anchor- 

*  Thomas  Matthews,  a  quarter-master,  died  in  the  boat  the  day  before 
land  was  discovered.  Those  who  escaped  from  the  ill-fated  Centaur,  in 
addition  to  Captain  Inglefield,  the  Master,  and  Midshipman  mentioned 
above,  were  Mr.  James  Clark,  Surgeon's  Mate ;  Timothy  Sullivan,  the 
Captain's  coxswain ;  John  Gregory,  a  Quarter-Master;  and  five  seamen. 

t  The  following  is  a  list  of  the  ships  of  war  which  sailed  from  Jamaica 
under  the  orders  of  Rear- Admiral  Graves  ;  and  will  show  how  they  were 
'disposed  of : 

c  Rear- Admiral  T.  Graves,-)    Abandoned  after 


Ramillies ....  74  ....  i  /-,  >     .   . 

<  Captain  b.  Monarty.        /     being  set  on  fire. 

*  Ville  de  Paris  110   A.  Wilkinson.      -»    Foundered,  and 

*  Glorieux —    74  Hon.  T.Cadogan. /their  crews  perished. 

Canada 74 Hon.  W.  Cornwallis.    Arrived  in  Eng- 
land, with  the  loss  of  hermizen-maat. 

Centaur  ....  74  „ J.  N.  Inglefield.     Foundered,  only  1 1 

of  her  crew  preserved. 

*  Hector 74   J.  Bouchier.     Foundered,  crew  saved 

by  a  letter  of  marque. 

f  Jason   64   John  Aylmer.     Arrived  in  England. 

t  Caton 64   T.  Fisher.    Arrived  at  Halifax. 

*  Ardent 64   R.  Lucas.     Returned  to  Jamaica. 

Pallas   36 C.  Parker.  Went  to  Halifax  very  leaky, 

and  afterwards  lost  on  one  of  the  Wes- 
tern Islands ;  crew  saved. 

«  Taken  by  Sir  George  B.  Rodney,  April  12,  1782. 
f  Taken  by  Sir  Samuel  Hood,  in  the  Mona  Passage,  April  19,  1782. 


70  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

age,  and  on  the  following  morning  was  received  by  the  King 
with  marked  distinction  and  approbation,  and  honored  with 
a  long  conference  on  the  esplanade. 

On  the  Medusa's  arrival  at  Chatham,  she  was  ordered  to 
be  put  out  of  commission  ;  and  Captain  Inglefield  soon  after 
obtained  the  command  of  1'Aigle  frigate,  in  which  ship  we 
find  him  serving  at  the  reduction  of  Corsica,  under  the  orders 
of  Lord  Hood,  by  whom  he  was  appointed,  conjointly  with 
Vice- Admiral  Goodall,  Captain  James  Young,  and  his  Lord- 
ship's Secretary,  Mr.  M* Arthur,  to  draw  up  the  articles  of 
the  capitulation,  by  which  Bastia  was  surrendered  to  the 
British  arms. 

In  the  spring  of  1/94,  our  officer  was  appointed  to  succeed 
the  late  Sir  Hyde  Parker,  as  Captain  of  the  Mediterranean 
fleet ;  and  towards  the  close  of  the  same  year,  he  returned 
to  England  with  Lord  Hood,  in  the  Victory  of  100  guns. 
From  this  period  until  the  summer  of  1811,  he  appears  to 
have  been  employed  as  a  resident  Commissioner  of  the  Navy, 
successively,  at  Corsica,  Malta,  Gibraltar,  and  Halifax.  Pre- 
ferring the  retention  of  his  civil  appointment  to  a  flag,  he  was 
placed  on  the  retired  list  of  Post-Captains  in  Feb.  1799. 

Captain  Inglefield  is  the  reputed  author  of  "  A  View  of  the 
Naval  Force  of  Great  Britain,"  published  in  1791.  His  son, 
Samuel  Hood  Inglefield,  obtained  post  rank  in  1807 ',  and 
his  daughter  is  the  lady  of  that  excellent  officer,  Vice-Ad- 
miral  Sir  Benjamin  Hallowell,  K.  C.  B. 

Agent.— William  Marsh,  Esq. 


WILLIAM  CARLYON,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer's  post  commission  bears  date  May  9,  1781. 
He  resides  at  Tregrehan,  near  St.  Austle,  Cornwall. 


SIR  RUPERT  GEORGE,  BART. 

Late  Chairman  of  the  Transport  Board. 

THIS  officer,  the  third  son  of  the  late  Dennis  George,  of 

Clophook,  in  Ireland,  Esq.  and  a  brother  of  the  late  Baron 

George,  of  the  Irish  Court  of  Exchequer,  was  born  at  Dublin 

.January  16,  1749;  and  during  the  colonial  war  commanded 

the  Vulture  sloop  of  war  on  the  American  station. 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  71 

On  the  ICth  July,  1781,  the  Vulture,  in  company  with 
the  Charles  town  of  28  guns,  and  Allegiance  sloop,  fell  in 
with  and  was  attacked  by  two  large  French  frigates,  1'Astree 
of  40  guns,  and  1'Hermione  of  36,  which,  after  a  severe  ac- 
tion, they  succeeded  in  beating  off,  thereby  preserving  a  fleet 
of  merchantmen  which  they  were  convoying  to  Spanish  River. 
The  Charlestown  had  8  men  slain  and  14  wounded;  amongst 
the  former  was  her  commander,  Captain  Evans,  an  active  and 
gallant  officer.  The  Vulture  had  1  man  killed  and  2 
wounded. 

Captain  George  was  advanced  to  post  rank  in  the  Amphi- 
trite  frigate,  November  29,  1781  ;  and  subsequently  com- 
manded the  Charlestown,  on  the  coast  of  America.  About 
the  period,  of  the  Spanish  armament  he  was  appointed  to  the 
Tbisbe  of  28  guns,  and  afterwards  to  the  Hussar,  a  ship  of 
similar  force,  in  which  he  continued  until  the  autumn  of  1795, 
when  he  was  nominated  a  Commissioner  of  the  then  recently 
established  Transport  Board,  over  which  he  presided  for 
some  years,  previous  to  its  dissolution  at  the  conclusion  of  the 
late  war. 

In  1 803  Commissioner  George  received  the  honor  of  knight- 
hood on  the  occasion  of  his  acting  as  proxy  for  a  K.  B.  at  an 
installation  of  the  Knights  of  that  order.  His  patent  of  Ba- 
ronetcy is  dated  September  18, 1809.  He  married,  June  30th, 
1782,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Thomas  Cochren,  of  Halifax, 
Esq.  and  by  that  lady  had  a  numerous  family. 

Sir  Rupert  George  died  at  Willesden  House,  co.  Middle- 
sex, January  25,  1823.  His  widow,  if  still  alive,  enjoys  a 
pension  of  300/.  per  annum  during  the  royal  pleasure. 

HON.  MATTHEW  FORTESCUE. 

THE  Fortescues  are  an  ancient  Devonshire  family.  Sir 
Henry  Fortescue  was  Lord  Chief  Justice  of  the  Common 
Pleas  in  Ireland,  in  1246 ;  and  his  second  son  was  the  cele- 
brated Sir  John  Fortescue,  Chief  Justice  of  England  in  1442, 
afterwards  Lord  Chancellor,  and  the  author  of  the  famous 
"  Treatise  de  Laudibus  Legum  Angliee." 

Captain  Fortescue  is  the  second  son  of  Matthew,  second 
Earl  of  Fortescue,  by  Anne,  second  daughter  of  John  Camp- 
bell, of  Cawdor,  in  Scotland,  and  Stackpole- court,  co.  Pern- 


^2  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

broke,  Esq.  He  was  born  April  12,  1754;  obtained  post 
rank  May  24,  1782;  and  commanded  the  Daphne,  a  20-gun 
ship,  at  the  close  of  the  American  war.  He  married,  in 
June  1795,  Henrietta,  only  daughter  of  Sir  Richard  Hoare, 
Bart.,  and  widow  of  Sir  Thomas  Acland,  Bart.  He  has  a 
son  in  the  Coldstream  regiment  of  foot  guards.  His  brother 
is  the  present  Earl  of  Fortescue. 
Bankers. — Hoare  and  Co. 


RALPH  MILBANKE,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  a  descendant  from  Ralph  Milbanke,  cup- 
bearer to  Mary,  Queen  of  Scots,  whose  great-grandson  was^ 
created  a  Baronet  of  Great  Britain  Aug.  7>  1661. 

Captain  Milbanke  obtained  post  rank  July  20,  1782,  and 
died  at  Blackwell,  near  Darlington,  co.  Durham,Nov.  21, 1823, 
in  his  75th  year.  He  was  a  man  whose  amiable  disposition 
endeared  him  to  the  circle  of  friends  in  which  he  moved. 


RICHARD  CREYKE,  ESQ. 

Governor  of  the  Royal  Naval  Hospital,  and  Resident  Commissioner  of  tht 

Victualling,  at  Plymouth. 

IN  1764,  we  find  this  officer  accompanying  the  late  Hon. 
John  Byron  on  a  voyage  round  the  world*.  During  the 
American  war,  he  commanded  the  Otter  of  14  guns ;  was 
very  actively  employed  under  the  orders  of  Commodore  Sir 
George  Collier,  and  assisted  at  the  capture  and  destruction 
of  the  towns  of  Norfolk,  Suffolk,  Portsmouth,  Gosport,  and 
others  of  less  note  in  the  vicinity  of  Elizabeth  River ;  the 
strong  posts  of  Stoney  Point,  Fort  la  Fayette,  and  Varplanks, 
up  the  North  River ;  and  the  towns  of  Newhaven,  Fairfield, 
Norwalk,  and  Greenfield,  on  the  Connecticut  shore ;  together 
with  an  immense  quantity  of  shipping,  merchandise,  provi- 
sions, and  riaval  and  military  stores.  He  also  accompanied 
Sir  George  Collier  to  the  Penobscot  river,  where  nineteen 
sail  of  American  armed  vessels,  and  upwards  of  twenty  trans- 
ports, were  either  taken  or  destroyed,  in  Aug.  1779  f.  His 
post  commission  bears  date  Dec.  17,  1782  ;  and  his  appoint- 

*  See  note  at  p.  1 . 
t  See  Nar.  Cliren.  Vol.  32,  p.  265,  et  se^ 


RETIRED    CAPTAIMS. 


fnent  to  be  Governor  of  Plymouth  Hospital,  July  15,  1/95  *. 
He  has  a  son  in  holy  orders,  married  to  Sarah,  daughter 
of  the  late  Colonel  Hotham,  of  York. 


JOHN  GIBSON,  ESQ. 

WAS  made  a  Lieutenant  Dec.  10,  1760 ;  posted  Dec!  23, 
1782 ;  and  commanded  the  Porcupine  frigate,  employed  in 
the  defence  of  Gibraltar,  at  the  close  of  the  American  war. 

Residence. — Dulverton,  Devonshire. 


WILLIAM  FULKE  GREVILLE,  ESQ. 

commission  dated  January  16,  1783. 
Bankers. — Coutts  and  Co. 


SAMUEL  ARDEN,  ESQ. 

Senior  Captain  of  the  Royal  Hospital  at  Greenwich,  and  a  Director  of  the 

Chest. 

THIS  officer  lost  his  right  arm  when  serving  as  a  Lieutenant 
on  board  the  Atalante  sloop  of  war,  in  an  action  with  a  large 
American1  frigate  on  the  banks  of  Newfoundland,  May  28, 
1781.  His  conduct  on  this  occasion  was  of  the  most  heroic 
description.  The  instant  his  mutilated  limb  was  dressed,  he 
resumed  his  station  upon  deck,  where  he  continued  anima- 
ting the  crew  till  the  vessel  struckf.  He  was  made  a  Post-Cap- 
tain Jan.  21,  1783 ;  and  appointed  to  Greenwich  Hospital  in 
1796. 

MATTHEW  SMITH,  ESQ. 

Fellow  of  the  Royal  Society. 

THIS  officer  is  a  son  of  the  late  Matthew  Smith,  Esq.  Major 
of  the  Tower  of  London,  Colonel  of  the  2d  regiment  of  Tower 

*  For  the  better  regulation  of  the  Royal  Naval  Hospitals,  in  the  year 
J795,  Governors  were  appointed  to  each.  To  those  at  Has lar  and  Ply- 
mouth, a  Post-Captain,  with  a  salary  of  5(K)/.,  and  751.  for  house,  coals, 
and  candles ;  three  Lieutenants  under  them,  whose  salaries  were  fixed  at 
130/.  per  annum.  By  a  recent  regulation,  the  office  of  Governor  has 
merged  in  that  of  a  Resident  Commissioner  of  the  Victualling,  in  whom 
are  united  the  superintendance  of  the  victualling  department  of  the  nary, 
and  the  control  of  the  hospital. 

t  See  Vol.  I.  p.  173. 


74  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

Hamlets'  militia,  F.  R.  S.  and  F.  S.  A.  who  died  Feb.  17, 
1812,  at  the  advanced  age  of  73  years. 

He  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  Post-Captain,  April  18, 
1783,  and  during  the  Dutch  and  Spanish  armaments,  com- 
manded the  Carysfort  of  28  guns.  At  the  commencement  of 
the  French  war,  in  1793,  he  was  appointed  to  the  Diomede,  a 
50-gun  ship,  and  ordered  to  the  East  Indies. 

On  the  22d  Oct.  1794,  the  Diomede,  being  off  the  Mauri- 
tius, in  company  with  the  Centurion,  a  ship  of  similar  force, 
fell  in  with  a  French  squadron  consisting  of  two  frigates,  one 
corvette,  and  a  brig.  After  a  smart  action  the  enemy  re- 
treated into  Port  Louis,  with  the  loss  of  38  men  killed  and  87 
wounded.  The  Diomede' s  loss  we  have  not  been  able  to  as- 
certain ;  but  the  Centurion,  which  ship  appears  to  have  borne 
the  brunt  of  the  action,  had  27  men  killed  and  wounded. 

On  the  2d  Aug.  in  the  following  year,  the  Diomede,  whilst 
turning  into  Back  Bay,  near  Trincomalee,  with  a  transport 
brig  in  tow,  struck  on  a  sunken  rock  which  was  supposed  to 
be  about  half  a  mile  further  to  the  northward  than  its  true  si- 
tuation, and  after  getting  off  sunk  with  all  her  stores  on  board 
about  three  miles  to  the  northward  of  Flag-Staff  Point.  The 
Diomede,  at  the  time  this  accident  occurred,  formed  part  of 
the  squadron  under  Commodore  Rainier,  employed  in  the  re- 
duction of  Trincomalee,  which  surrendered  by  capitulation  on 
the  26th  of  the  same  month.  During  the  latter  part  of  the 
siege,  Captain  Smith  commanded  a  detachment  of  300  sea- 
men and  marines,  landed  to  co-operate  with  the  army,  under 
Colonel  J.  Stuart  *. 

*  In  the  month  of  May  1795,  the  first  official  accounts  reached  India  of 
the  war  between  Great  Britain  and  Holland,  a  report  of  which  had  some 
time  before  caused  preparations  to  be  made  for  that  event.  On  the  1st  of 
Aug.  a  squadron  consisting  of  the  Suffolk  74,  bearing  the  broad  pendant  of 
Commodore  Rainier,  Centurion  and  Diomede  50's,  Heroine  frigate,  and  se- 
veral transports,  having  on  board  about  3000  troops,  commanded  by  Colonel 
Stuart,  anchored  in  Back  Bay,  Ceylon,  and  the  commandant  of  Trinco- 
malee was  immediately  summoned  to  surrender.  On  the  3d  the  troops 
were  disembarked  without  opposition ;  but  owing  to  the  extraordinary  high 
surf  and  the  violence  of  the  wind,  it  took  ten  days  to  land  the  whole  of  the 
stores  and  provisions.  The  carriage  of  these  and  of  the  artillery  to  the 
camp,  a  distance  of  about  three  miles,  over  a  heavy  sand,  was  cheerfully 
executed  by  the  seamen.  On  the  23d,  the  batteries  having  been  completed, 
were  opened  on  the  lower  fort  with  such  effeet,  that  by  the  26tb,  a  practi- 


RETIRED  CAPTAINS.  75 

The  report  made  by  Captain  Osborne  of  the  Centurion,  of 
the  action  with  the  French  squadron,  in  the  preceding  year,  not 
being  satisfactory  to  Captain  Smith,  he  applied  to  that  offi- 
cer for  an  explanation.  Captain  Osborne,  after  more  dis- 
tinctly expressing  his  approbation  of  Captain  Smith's  conduct 
than  he  had  done  in  his  public  letter,  thought  fit  to  demand 
a  court-martial  for  enquiring  into  the  conduct  of  the  two  ships, 
with  a  view  of  justifying  his  letter  on  service.  The  court  sen- 
tenced Captain  Smith  to  be  dismissed  the  service  ;  but  on  his 
return  to  England  in  1/98,  he  appealed  against  their  verdict ; 
and  his  memorial  being  referred  to  the  Crown  lawyers  and  the 
Admiralty  counsel,  they  reported  their  opinion  that  the  sen- 
tence was  unwarrantable,  and  not  to  be  supported.  Captain 
Smith  was  consequently  restored  to  his  rank  in  the  navy,  but 
never  afterwards  called  into  service. 


CHARLES  CUNNINGHAM,  ESQ. 

Commissioner  of  His  Majesty's  Dock-Yard  at  Chatham. 

THIS  officer  was  born  in  1755,  and  entered  the  royal  navy 
as  a  Midshipman  on  board  the  ^Eolus  frigate  in  1775  ',  pre- 
vious to  which  he  had,  (owing  to  the  want  of  employment 
for  young  men  in  the  King's  service,)  made  several  mercan- 
tile voyages  with  a  friend  in  America,  from  whence  he  re- 
turned to  England  at  the  commencement  of  the  colonial  war. 

Early  in  1776,  the  ^Eolus  sailed  for  the  West  Indies,  on  which 
station  Mr.  Cunningham  joined  the  Bristol  of  50  guns,  bear- 
ing the  flag  of  Vice- Admiral  Sir  Peter  Parker,  by  whom  he 

cable  breach  was  made.  A  summons  was  then  sent  to  the  garrison  ;  but 
the  Governor  demanding  terms  which  were  inadmissible,  and  refusing  to 
accept  those  sent  in  return,  hostilities  recommenced.  Three  hundred  sea- 
men and  marines  were  also  landed,  under  the  command  of  Captain  Smith, 
for  the  purpose  of  assisting  to  storm  the  fort,  had  the  enemy  determined  to 
hold  out.  In  a  short  time,  however,  a  white  flag  was  displayed  on  the 
ramparts,  and  the  Dutch  commandant  surrendered  at  discretion,  The  loss 
sustained  by  the  British  in  obtaining  possession  of  this  post  amounted  to 
16  men  killed  and  60  wounded  ;  1  of  the  former  and  6  of  the  latter  were 
sailors.  The  fort  of  Oostenburg,  situated  on  an  almost  perpendicular 
hill,  and  garrisoned  by  400  Europeans,  was  next  summoned,  and  the  enemy 
seemed  resolved  to  defend  it ;  but  observing  their  invaders  making  prepa- 
rations for  a  bombardment,  and  about  to  cut  off  their  water  with  which 
they  were  supplied  by  pipes  from  an  opposite  hill,  they  at  length  agreed  to 
surrender.  Several  other  posts  and  factories  in  Ceylon  -soon  after  shared 
the  same  fate. 


76  Klh-JRED   CAPTAINS. 

was  made  an  acting  Lieutenant,  and  appointed  to  the  Port 
Royal  sloop  of  war  June  12,  1779.  At  the  latter  end  of  the 
same  year,  we  find  him  serving  as  first  Lieutenant  of  the 
Hinchinbroke,  commanded  by  the  late  Lord  Nelson,  from 
which  ship  he  removed  into  the  Pallas  frigate  Jan.  14,  1780. 

The  Pallas  being  ordered  to  England  in  July  1782,  Mr. 
Cunningham  was  then  appointed  second  Lieutenant  of  the 
Ajax  74.  On  the  4th  Sept.  following,  he  obtained  the  com- 
mand of  the  Admiral  Harrington,  a  brig  of  14  guns  j  and  was 
soon  after  sent  by  Sir  Joshua  Rowley,  with  the  Racehorse 
schooner  under  his  orders,  to  stop  the  American  salt  trade, 
and  prevent  any  communication  between  the  people  of  the 
United  States  and  those  of  Turk's  Island,  lying  to  the  north- 
ward of  St.  Domingo.  During  his  temporary  absence,  for  the 
purpose  of  obtaining  supplies  at  Jamaica,  the  French  effected 
a  landing  and  took  possession  of  the  island  ;  which  circum- 
stance being  communicated  to  Captain  Nelson,  who  had  ar- 
rived off  there  with  a  small  squadron  the  day  after  Lieutenant 
Cunningham's  return  to  his  station,  an  attempt  was  made  to 
dislodge  them  on  the  following  morning,  by  landing  a  detach- 
ment of  seamen  and  marines  under  Captain  C.  Dixon,  of  the 
Drake  brig,  whilst  that  vessel  and  the  Admiral  Harrington  at- 
tacked a  battery  of  three  24-pounders  ;  but  finding  the  enemy 
entrenched,  and  far  superior  in  numbers,  the  enterprise  was 
abandoned,  and  the  party  re-embarked.  In  this  affair  the 
brigs  had  several  men  wounded  *. 

The  Admiral  Harrington  was  paid  off  at  Jamaica,  May  11, 
1783 ;  and,  we  believe,  Lieutenant  Cunningham  was  subse- 
quently appointed  to  the  Tremendous  of  74  guns.  In  1788, 
he  joined  the  Crown  64,  bearing  the  broad  pendant  of  Com- 
modore Cornwallis,  by  whom  he  was  made  a  Commander 
into  the  Ariel  sloop  of  war  on  the  East  India  station  in  1790. 

At  the  commencement  of  the  French  revolutionary  war, 
Captain  Cunningham,  then  commanding  the  Speedy  of  14 
guns,  sailed  from  England  with  despatches  for  the  Mediter- 
ranean ;  and  on  the  arrival  of  the  fleet  under  Lord  Hood  at 
Gibraltar,  he  was  ordered  to  remain  there  with  two  small  ves- 
sels under  his  orders,  for  the  purpose  of  preparing  the  hos- 
pital, fitting  up  ships  for  the  reception  of  prisoners,  forming 

Mr.  Cunningham's  commission  as  a  Lieutenant  was  not  confirmed 
till  his  appointment  to  the  Admiral  Barrington. 


RETIRED    CAPTAI1W.  77 

a  well,  and  forwarding  any  intelligence  that  might  arrive,  to 
his  Lordship. 

In  June  1793,  the  Speedy  conveyed  M.  Calonne,  ex-Mi- 
nister of  France,  from  Gibraltar  to  Naples,  on  a  political  visit ; 
and  after  performing  that  service  joined  Lord  Hood  at  Toulon. 
She  was  subsequently  employed  in  keeping  up  a  communica- 
tion between  the  Admiral  and  our  Envoy  at  Genoa,  the  ten- 
ders hitherto  sent  on  that  service  having  been  forcibly  detained 
in  that  port,  notwithstanding  its  neutrality,  by  the  French 
vessels  lying  there. 

On  the  5th  Oct.  in  the  same  year,  the  Speedy  accompanied 
the  Bedford  and  Captain,  74's,  into  the  harbour  of  Genoa,  and 
assisted  in  seizing  the  Modeste  frigate,  and  two  armed  tartans. 
From  thence  she  proceeded  in  company  with  the  Captain  to 
Port  Especia,  in  quest  of  another  French  frigate,  the  Impe- 
rieuse  of  40  guns,  which  on  the  approach  of  the  British  was 
scuttled  and  abandoned  by  her  crew.  To  this  fine  ship,  the 
name  of  which  on  being  weighed  and  taken  into  our  service, 
was  changed  to  the  Unite,  Captain  Cunningham  was  ap- 
pointed by  a  post  commission,  dated  on  the  day  of  her  cap- 
ture *,  and  afterwards  confirmed  by  the  Admiralty. 

In  April  1794,  Captain  Cunningham  exchanged  ships  with 
Captain  Wolseley  of  the  Lowestoffe,  in  which  frigate  he  as- 
sisted at  the  reduction  of  Calvi  f,  from  whence  he  was  sent 
home  overland  with  Lord  Hood's  despatches  announcing  the 
total  subjugation  of  Corsica,  from  which  we  make  the  fol- 
lowing extract : 

"  Captain  Cunningham,  who  has  cruised  with  infinite  diligence,  zeal, 
and  perseverance,  under  many  difficulties,  for  three  months  past,  off  Calvi, 
is  charged  with  my  despatches,  and  is  competent  to  give  any  information 
their  lordships  may  wish  to  have.  I  beg  to  recommend  him  as  an  officer 
of  great  merit,  and  highly  deserving  any  favor  that  can  be  shewn  him." 

Captain  Cunningham's  journey  across  the  continent  appears 
to  have  been  a  very  rapid  one,  he  having  left  Calvi  on  the 
llth  Aug.,  and  notwithstanding  his  being  obliged  to  make  a 
circuitous  route  to  avoid  the  French  army,  and  a  detention  of 
three  or  four  days  at  Helvoetsluys,  occasioned  by  a  heavy  gale 
of  wind,  arrived  in  London  on  the  1st  of  the  ensuing  month. 

His  next  appointment  was  in  April,  1796,  to  the  Clyde  of 
46  guns  (rated  at  38)  and  261  men.     During  the  remainder 
of  that  year  we  find  him  actively  employed  in  the  North  Sea, 
*  Oct.  12,  1793.  f  See  Vol.  I.  p.  252. 


78  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

and  on  the  coast  of  France,  having  occasionally  a  small  squa- 
dron of  frigates  under  his  orders. 

In  May,  1797?  when  a  most  dangerous  mutiny  broke  out 
among  the  crews  of  the  ships  composing  the  North  Sea  fleet, 
the  Clyde  happened  to  be  refitting  at  the  Little  Nore,  not- 
withstanding which,  and  the  circumstance  of  his  being  no- 
minally under  the  influence  of  the  mutineers,  he  had  the  good 
fortune  never  to  be  entirely  dispossessed  of  his  command,  or 
to  receive  the  least  insult  from  his  men,  but  on  the  contrary, 
at  length  succeeded  by  his  conduct  in  detaching  them  from 
the  contagion,  which  he  effected  in  the  following  manner  : — 

On  the  29th  May,  seventeen  days  after  the  first  symptoms 
of  mutiny  had  appeared  on  board  the  Sandwich  and  other 
ships  at  the  Great  Nore,  Captain  Cunningham  gave  orders 
that  the  signal  from  Parker,  the  rebel  chief,  for  all  delegates 
to  repair  to  him,  should  not  be  answered  by  the  Clyde,  as  was 
done  on  board  the  other  ships.  Her  fore-sail  being  unbent  at 
the  time,  and  it  being  known  that  she  was  unprovided  with  a 
pilot,  the  rest  of  the  fleet  did  not  suspect  that  this  was  the 
prelude  to  her  secession  from  their  cause.  At  9  P.  M.,  Captain 
Cunningham  assembled  his  crew,  and  made  known  to  them  his 
intention  of  working  the  ship  into  Sheerness  harbour  in  the 
course  of  that  night  j  intimating  likewise  that  the  St.  Fiorenzo 
frigate  would  make  her  escape  at  the  same  tune.  Soon  after 
mid-night  the  cables  were  slipped,  and  by  sun-rise  on  the 
morning  of  the  30th,  the  Clyde  was  safely  anchored  in  the 
harbour,  thus  giving  the  first  blow  to  a  most  diabolical  con- 
spiracy, which,  while  it  lasted,  was  terrifying  to  the  whole 
country,  and,  but  for  the  promptitude  and  activity  displayed 
by  Captain  Cunningham,  his  officers,  and  loyal  crew,  might 
have  spread  into  a  serious  extent  of  mischief  to  the  state  *. 

On  the  return  of  the  other  ships  to  their  duty,  Captain 
Cunningham  was  ordered  to  Elsincur,  for  the  purpose  of  con- 
voying home  a  rich  fleet  of  merchantmen,  which,  owing  to 
the  late  unhappy  events,  had  been  detained  in  the  Sound. 

*  Captains  Cunningham  and  Neale  were  the  only  officers  of  their  rank 
who  remained  on  board,  and  had  any  influence  over  their  ships'  companies. 
See  Vol.  I.  p.  434.  The  notorious  Parker  once  went  on  board  the  Clyde, 
and  endeavoured  to  prevail  on  her  crew  to  take  her  up  against  Tilbury 
fort ;  but  this  Captain  Cunningham  had  the  address  to  prevent. 

Errata,  p.  79,  line  10  from  the  bottom,  for  shots  read  shut ;  p.  80,  line 
14  from  the  top,  for  at  one  of  the  theatres  read  at  the  ff^ey  mouth  theatre. 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  79 

Previous  to  his  sailing  he  received  the  following  letter  of 
thanks  from  the  merchants,  &c.,  &c.,  of  London  : — 

"  London  Marine  Society's  Office,  June  8,  1779- 

"  Sir. — I  have  the  honour  to  convey  the  unanimous  thanks  of  a  very 
numerous  and  respectable  meeting  of  merchants,  ship-ewners,  insurers, 
and  others,  held  on  the  Royal  Exchange  of  London,  to  you,  as  commander, 
and  to  the  officers  and  crew  of  H.  M.  S.  the  Clyde,  for  their  spirited  con- 
duct in  carrying  your  ship  through  the  mutinous  fleet. 

"  I  beg  you  will  accept  of  these  thanks,  and  that  you  will  also  convey 
the  same  in  such  manner  as  may  be  most  acceptable. 

"  It  is  with  great  satisfaction  that,  as  chairman  of  so  respectable  a  meet- 
ing, I  have  been  directed  to  transmit  the  above  resolution.  I' have  the 
honour  to  be,  &c.  &c.  &c. 

(Signed)        "  HUGH  INGLIS,  Chairman. 
"  To  Captain  Cunning-ham, 

ff.  M.  S.  Clyde,  Sheerness." 

During  the  ensuing  season,  Captain  Cunningham  had  the 
honor  of  being  placed  in  attendance  upon  his  late  Majesty  at 
Weymouth,  from  whence  he  was  sent  to  join  the  Channel 
fleet  j  but  with  the  exception  of  his  being  for  a  length  of 
time  employed  in  the  fatiguing  duty  of  watching  Brest  har- 
bour, we  find  nothing  particularly  worthy  of  record  until 
Aug.  20,  1799j  on  which  day,  being  off  the  Cordovan  light- 
house, our  officer  discovered  two  sail  in  the  S.  W.,  to  which 
he  immediately  gave  chase,  and  soon  perceived  that  they 
were  standing  towards  him,  which  they  continued  to  do 
till  the  Clyde  had  approached  within  two  miles  of  them, 
when  they  bore  up  and  made  sail,  going  large  on  different 
tacks.  Captain  Cunningham  pursued  the  largest,  and  soon 
brought  her  to  close  action,  which  was  maintained  on  both 
sides  with  great  spirit  for  nearly  two  hours  ;  when  the  enemy's 
ship  being  totally  unmanageable,  with  several  shots  between 
wind  and  water,  was  obliged  to  strike,  and  proved  to  be  La 
Vestale  of  36  guns  and  235  men,  of  whom  10  were  killed 
and  22  wounded.  Her  consort,  the  Sagesse,  of  28  guns  and 
175  men,  availing  herself  of  the  vicinity  of  the  Garonne,  and 
the  start  she  had  obtained  of  the  Clyde,  succeeded  in  effect- 
ing her  escape.  The  British  frigate  had  only  2  men  slain  and 
3  wounded. 

The  following  is  a  copy  of  Lord  Keith's  letter  to  the  Ad- 
miralty on  this  occasion,  but  which  was  not  published,  in  con- 


80  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

sequence  of  Captain  Cunningham's  duplicate  account  of  the 
action  having  reached  the  Board  before  that  forwarded  by 
his  Lordship  : — 

"  Queen  Charlotte,  Torbay,  Aug.  29,  1799. 

"  Sir. — I  have  the  honor  to  enclose  for  their  Lordships'  information,  a 
letter  from  Captain  Cunningham,  of  H.  M.  S.  Clyde,  containing  an  ac- 
count-of  one  of  the  most  brilliant  transactions  which  have  occurred  during 
the  course  of  the  war ;  he  having  with  great  gallantry  pursued  two  French 
frigates  ;  one  of  which  he  has  captured,  and  driven  the  other  into  port.  I 
have  the  honor  to  be,  &c.  &c.  &c. 

(Signed)  "  KEITH. 

"  To  Evan  Nepean,  Esq." 

His  late  Majesty  was  at  one  of  the  theatres  when  an  ac- 
count of  the  above  event  was  brought  to  him.  He  immedi- 
ately stood  up  in  his  box,  and  commanded  the  news  to  be 
communicated  to  the  audience;  when  "  Rule  Britannia"  was 
loudly  called  for  from  every  part  of  the  house,  and  performed 
with  reiterated  applause. 

During  the  summer  of  1800,  the  Clyde  was  employed  con- 
veying a  Mr.  Serres  along  the  French  and  Spanish  coasts,  to 
take  drawings  of  all  the  headlands,  harbours,  &c.  between 
Brest  and  Corunna.  That  service  being  performed,  she  again 
joined  the  Channel  fleet,  then  under  the  orders  of  Earl  St. 
Vincent. 

In  May,  1801,  Captain  Cunningham  received  secret  orders 
from  the  Admiralty  to  assume  the  command  of  a  strong 
squadron  of  frigates,  sloops,  gun-brigs,  cutters,  &c.  stationed 
from  Havre  de  Grace  to  the  Isle  of  Bas,  for  the  protection  of 
Guernsey,  Jersey,  and  the  adjacent  islands,  which  were  at 
that  time  threatened  with  invasion. 

Shortly  after  this  appointment,  the  Jason  frigate,  forming  part 
of  his  squadron,  was  wrecked  off  St.  Maloes ;  upon  learning 
whichjCaptain  Cunningham  sent  in  a  flag  of  truce,  and  succeeded 
in  obtaining  the  governor's  permission  for  her  commander,  the 
Hon. I.  Murray, his  officers  and  crew,  to  be  exchanged;  which 
was  granted  on  condition  that  they  should  be  sent  to  Portsmouth 
in  French  cartels.  Finding  that  the  enemy  were  preparing 
to  raise  the  Jason,  he  directed  Lieutenant  Mounsey  to  pro- 
ceed with  the  boats  of  the  squadron  and  attempt  her  destruc- 
tion by  fire ;  which  was  effectually  performed  in  the  presence 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  81 

of  two  large  frigates,  a  corvette,  and  several  gun-boats,  ap- 
parently ready  for  sea.  Upon  his  return  to  port,  Captain 
Cunningham  had  the  satisfaction  of  receiving  the  approbation 
of  the  Admiralty  for  his  judicious  conduct.  Peace  soon  after 
taking  place,  he  paid  off  the  Clyde  at  the  Great  Nore,  June 
24,  1 802,  after  commanding  her  with  great  credit  and  good 
fortune  for  a  period  of  six  years  and  two  months  *. 

In  May  1803,  hostilities  having  re-commenced,  Captain 
Cunningham  commissioned  the  Prince  of  Orange,  a  third 
rate,  and  soon  after  assumed  the  command  of  a  squadron  sent 
to  watch  the  Dutch  fleet  in  the  Texel,  on  which  service 
he  continued  until  relieved  by  Sir  W.  Sidney  Smith,  in  the 
Antelope.  He  was  subsequently  appointed  to  the  Leopard 
of  50  guns,  intended  for  a  particular  service;  but  we  believe 
he  did  not  go  to  sea  in  that  ship. 

The  Hon.  Captain  Rodney  having  resigned  his  seat  as  a 
Commissioner  of  the  Victualling  Board,  in  Sept.  1803,  our 
officer,  without  any  solicitation  on  his  part,  was  appointed 
thereto  by  the  Earl  of  St.  Vincent,  at  whose  recommendation 
he  was  removed,  in  1806,  to  be  Resident  Commissioner  of  his 
Majesty's  Dock-yards  at  Deptford  and  Woolwich.  Previous 
to  this  latter  appointment,  he  was  sent  to  Falmouth  for  the 
purpose  of  forming  a  watering-place  for  the  shipping  at  that 
port.  He  remained  on  the  spot  until  the  present  reservoir  at 
Milor  was  excavated  and  completed. 

The  establishments  at  Deptford  and  Woolwich  having  been 
reduced  about  April,  1823,  Commissioner  Cunningham  was 
at  that  period  appointed  to  the  superintendance  of  Chatham 
Dock-yard. 

He  has  been  twice  married ;  1st,  to  the  daughter  of  a  cler- 
gyman in  Norfolk,  where  he  possesses  some  paternal  property ; 
and,  2d,  to  a  daughter  of  Commissioner  Charles  Probyf. 

*  Among  the  numerous  privateers  captured  by  Captain  Cunningham, 
was  la  Dorade  of  12  guns,  pierced  for  18,  and  93  men.  This  vessel,  after 
taking  out  the  prisoners,  was  entrusted  to  the  care  of  the  Master,  who,  as 
is  supposed,  being  emulous  to  outsail  the  Clyde,  carried  too  great  a  press 
of  sail,  by  which  she  was  upset,  and  all  on  board,  with  the  exception  of 
four  men,  perished.  The  unhappy  sufferers,  including  the  Master,  were 
24  in  number. 

t  Commissioner  Proby  was  descended  from  Sir  Peter  Proby,  Knt.,  Lord 
Mayor  of  London  in  1622,  ancestor  of  the  present  Earl  of  Carysfort.  He 

VOL.    II.  G 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 


His  eldest  son,  a  Midshipman  in  the  royal  navy,  died  Nor. 
11,  1822,  aged  20  years. 


HON.  SIR  GEORGE  GREY,  BART. 

Knight  Commander  of  the  most  honorable  Military  Order  of  the  Bath ; 
Resident  Commissioner  of  Portsmouth  Dock-Yard ;  Marshal  of  the  Vice- 
Admiralty  Court  at  Barbadots ;  an  Alderman  of  Portsmouth  ;  a  Vice- 
President  of  the  Naval  and  Military  Bible  Society,  fyc.  fyc.  fyc. 
THIS  officer  is  the  fourth  son  of  the  late  Earl  Grey,  K.  B., 
a  General  in  the  army,  Colonel  of  the  3d  regiment  of  dra- 
goons, and  Governor  of  Guernsey,  by  Elizabeth,  daughter  of 
George  Grey,  of  Southwick,  co.  Durham,  Esq.  * 

He  was  born  Oct.  10,  1767  5  and  at  the  commencement  of 

was  a  Midshipman  on  board  the  Centurion,  and  the  first  person  who 
discovered  the  rich  Acapulco  ship,  captured  by  Commodore  Anson  in  the 
Southern  Ocean.  In  1757.  he  commanded  the  Medway  of  60  guns,  under 
the  orders  of  Sir  Edward  Hawke,  in  the  expedition  against  Rochefort.  On 
the  17th  Jnly,  1761,  when  Captain  of  the  Thunderer  74,  he  captured,  after 
a  severe  and  gallant  action,  1'Achille  of  64  guns  and  600  men.  The  Thun- 
derer on  this  occasion  had  17  men  killed,  and  114,  including  her  com- 
mander, wounded.  So  great  a  carnage  was  occasioned  by  one  of  the  main- 
deck  guns  bursting,  which  blew  up  a  part  of  the  quarter-deck,  and  set  the 
ship  on  fire.  The  enemy's  loss  was  also  very  considerable.  In  1769,  we 
find  him  with  his  broad  pendant  on  board  the  Pembroke,  as  Commander- 
in-Ohief  oa  the  Mediterranean  station.  In  1771,  he  was  made  Comp- 
troller of  the  Victualling  Board ;  and,  before  the  year  elapsed,  ap- 
pointed Commissioner  at  Chatham,  where  he  died  in  1799,  aged  74  years. 
He  was  remarkable  for  his  charitable  disposition ;  and  among  other  dona- 
tions, he  allowed  50/.  per  annum  to  the  poor  of  Chatham. 

*  The  Greys  are  a  junior  branch  of  an  ancient  baronial  family  in  Nor- 
thumberland, the  chief  of  whom  was  created  Baron  Grey,  of  Werke,  by 
James  I.,  and  advanced  to  the  Earldom  of  Tankerville  by  William  III. ; 
which  titles  became  extinct  at  the  commencement  of  the  last  century ; 
and  the  heiress  having  carried  the  estates,  by  marriage,  to  Charles  Benuet, 
Lord  Ossulton,  that  nobleman  was,  in  consequence,  created  Earl  of  Tan- 
kerville  in  1714.  The  late  Earl  Grey  was  an  officer  of  great  experience, 
having  served  at  the  battle  of  Minden,  under  Prince  Ferdinand ;  ami  on  the 
plains  of  Abraham,  as  aid-de-camp  to  the  immortal  Wolfe.  He  next  com- 
manded a  body  of  troops  during  the  colonial  war;  and  in  1793,  was  ap- 
pointed to  command  the  army  sent  against  the  French  West  India  colonies. 
He  was  born  Oct.  23,  1729;  created  Baron  Grey  de  Howick,  June  23, 
1801;  Viscount  Howick  and  Earl  Grey,  April  1,  1806.  His  Lordship 
died  Nov.  14,  1807;  and  was  succeeded  by  his  eldest  surviving  son, 
Charles,  the  present  peer. 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  83 

the  war  with  France,  in  1J93,  we  find  him  serving  as  a  Lieu- 
tenant on  board  the  Quebec  of  32  guns ;  from  which  ship  he 
was  promoted  to  the  command  of  the  Vesuvius  bomb  ;  and 
on  the  1st  Nov.  in  the  same  year,  he  obtained  post  rank  iu 
the  Boyne,  a  second  rate,  bearing  the  flag  of  Sir  John  Jervis  ; 
with  whom  he  served  during  the  memorable  West  India  cam- 
paign *.  At  the  siege  of  Guadaloupe  he  commanded  a  de- 
tachment of  500  seamen  and  marines,  landed  to  co-operate 
with  the  army. 

At  11  A.  M.  on  the  1st  May,  1/95,  soon  after  Captain 
Grey's  return  to  England,  and  whilst  he  was  attending  a 
court-martial  in  Portsmouth  harbour,  a  fire  broke  out  on 
board  the  Boyne,  then  at  Spithead.  The  flames  burst  through 
the  poop-deck  before  the  fire  was  discovered,  and  spread  so 
rapidly,  that  in  less  than  half  an  hour  the  ship  was  in  a  blaze 
fore  and  aft ;  every  exertion  on  the  part  of  the  officers  and 
crew  to  save  her  proved  abortive.  All  her  guns  being  loaded, 
went  off  as  they  became  heated,  the  shot -falling  among  the 
shipping ;  and  some  even  reached  the  shore  in  Stokes  Bay. 
Two  men  on  board  the  Queen  Charlotte  were  killed,  and  one 
wounded. 

About  lh  30'  P.  M.  she  burnt  from  her  cables,  and  drifted 
slowly  to  the  eastward,  till  she  struck  on  the  Spit  opposite 
Southsea  castle,  where  she  continued  to  burn  until  near  6 
o'clock,  when  she  blew  up  with  a  dreadful  explosion.  Fortu- 
nately, on  the  fire  being  first  observed  by  the  rest  of  the  fleet, 
all  the  boats  were  sent  to  the  assistance  of  her  crew ;  the 
whole  of  whom,  eleven  only  excepted,  were  happily  rescued 
from  the  impending  destruction.  All  the  other  ships  were 
promptly  removed  to  St.  Helen's  out  of  the  reach  of  danger. 
This  unfortunate  accident  has,  by  some,  been  attributed  to 
the  funnel  of  the  ward-room  stove  being  overheated,  and 
setting  fire  to  some  combustible  matter  in  the  Admiral's 
cabin  j  but  the  evidence  given  by  Lieutenant,  now  Rear- Ad- 
miral, Winthrop,  who  was  the  commanding  officer  at  the 
time,  completely  contradicts  this  assertion,  as  he  proved  that 
the  funnel,  instead  of  passing  through  the  Admiral's  cabin 
towards  the  poop,  led  upwards  through  the  lobby  on  the  out- 
side of  the  bulk-head,  and,  consequently,  could  not  have  oc- 

*  See  Vol.  I.  pp.  19,  710  tt  seq.,  and  840  et  *eq. 
e  2 


84  flETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

casioned  the  disaster.  It  seems  much  more  probable  that  the 
bottoms  of  the  cartridges  fired  by  a  party  of  the  86th  regi- 
ment, then  doing  duty  on  board  as  marines,  and  who  were 
exercising  on  the  poop  at  the  moment  when  the  ship  was 
tending  to  the  tide,  had  entered  the  ports  of  the  cabin,  into 
which  Sir  John  Jervis's  stock  had  recently  been  removed, 
preparatory  to  its  being  landed,  and  thereby  set  fire  to  the 
hampers,  &c.  The  rapidity  with  which  the  flames  extended 
throughout,  may  be  attributed  to  the*  state  of  her  planks  and 
timbers,  which  had  become  perfectly  dry  through  long  expo- 
sure to  a  West  India  sun.  It  should  be  observed  also,  that 
she  was  riding  with  her  stern  to  the  wind,  which  no  doubt 
greatly  accelerated  the  progress  of  the  fire  towards  her  fore- 
castle *. 

Captain  Grey  subsequently  commanded  the  Glory,  another 
ship  of  98  guns,  forming  part  of  the  Channel  fleet.  In  the 
following  year  we  find  him  in  the  Victory,  a  first  rate,  bearing 
the  flag  of  Sir  John  Jervis,  with  whom  he  continued  during 
the  whole  period  that  officer  held  the  command  on  the  Medi- 
terranean station.  He  consequently  assisted  at  the  defeat  of 
the  Spanish  fleet,  off  Cape  St.  Vincent,  Feb.  14,  1797  f,  on 
which  occasion  the  Victory  had  only  1  man  killed  and  5 
wounded. 

Previous  to  his  return  to  England,  his  friend  the  Com- 
mander-in- Chief  gave  him  the  dormant  appointment  of  Ad- 
jutant-General of  the  Fleet,  under  which  he  acted  in  a  certain 
degree,  so  as  not  to  give  offence  to  the  senior  Captains.  The 
Admiral,  in  a  letter  to  Earl  Spencer,  announcing  his  intention 
of  resigning  the  command  to  Lord  Keith,  mentions  this  cir- 
cumstance, and  adds,  "  In  the  state  I  am  in,  Captain  Grey 
is  essentially  necessary  to  my  comfort,  and  I  hope  your 
Lordship  will  approve  of  his  accompanying  me" 

In  the  spring  of  1800,  Earl  St.  Vincent  hoisted  his  flag  on 
board  the  Ville  de  Paris  of  110  guns,  as  Commander-in- Chief 
of  the  Channel  fleet ;  and  at  the  same  time  our  officer  assumed 
the  command  of  that  ship,  which  he  held  until  the  month  of 

*  A  man  who  had  lived  some  years  upon  a  comfortable  annuity  at  a 
small  village  in  Staffordshire,  died  in  1806.  On  his  death-bed  he  declared 
that  he  had  been  hired  to  set  fire  to  the  Boyne. 

t  See  Vol.  I.  p.  21,  et  teq. 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  85 

March,  1801.  He  was  soon  after  appointed  to  one  of  the 
yachts  in  attendance  on  the  royal  family  at  Weymouth,  and 
continued  to  be  employed  on  that  sort  of  service  till  about 
April,  1804,  when  he  succeeded  Sir  Isaac  Coffin,  as  Commis- 
sioner of  Sheerness  Dock- yard,  from  whence  he  afterwards 
removed  to  Portsmouth,  where  he  now  resides. 

In  June,  1814,  his  present  Majesty,  (then  on  a  visit  to  the 
fleet  at  Spithead,  in  company  with  the  allied  sovereigns)  pre- 
sented Commissioner  Grey  with  the  patent  of  a  Baronetcy  ; 
and  on  the  20th  May,  1820,  he  was  graciously  pleased  to 
nominate  him  an  extra  K.  C.  B. 

Sir  George  Grey  married,  in  July,  1795,  Mary,  sister  to 
the  late  Samuel  Whitbread,  Esq.,  M.  P.  for  Bedford,  (who 
had  some  years  previous  thereto  been  united  to  one  of  his 
sisters)  by  whom  he  has  had  several  children. 


ROBERT  GAMBIER  MIDDLETON,  ESQ. 

One  of  the  Principal  Officers  and  Commissioners  of  his  Majesty's  Navy. 

THE  name  of  Middleton  is  derived  from  the  lands  of  Mid- 
dletoun,  in  Kincardineshire,  of  which  this  family  were  in  pos- 
session for  nearly  four  centuries  and  a  half. 

The  subject  of  this  memoir  is  a  son  of  the  late  George 
Middleton,  Esq.,  brother  of  Admiral  Lord  Barham,  and  Col- 
lector of  the  Customs  at  Leith,  by  Elizabeth,  daughter  of 
George  Wilson,  of  Stottencleugh,  N.  B.  Esq. 

Being  destined  for  the  navy,  he  went  to  sea  at  an  early 
age,  and  we  believe  served  as  a  Lieutenant  in  Lord  Hood's 
fleet,  at  the  occupation  and  evacuation  of  Toulon,  in  1793  *. 

*  In  the  list  of  officers  employed  in  the  service  of  burning  the  French 
ships  and  arsenal  at  Toulon,  we  find  a  Lieutenant  Middleton  of  the  Bri- 
tannia. Unfortunately  for  the  Compiler,  in  this,  as  in  numerous  other 
instances  which  he  has  met  with,  the  Christian  names  of  officers  were  not 
considered  necessary  to  be  mentioned  by  the  writer  of  the  official  despatch  : 
an  omission  greatly  to  be  deplored,  as  we  know  that  the  meritorious 
actions  of  some  individuals  are  occasionally,  though  unintentionally,  as- 
signed to  others,  in  consequence  thereof.  Commanding  officers,  having  a 
proper  feeling  for  their  subordinates,  would  do  well  to  give  their  secretaries 
and  clerks  strict  orders  to  insert  the  names  of  officers  employed  on  hazard- 
ous services,  at  full  length.  The  palm  would  then  be  worn  by  him  who 
won  it.  To  evince  the  necessity  of  so  doing,  we  need  only  point  to  the 
Navy  List  for  Jan.,  1824,  in  which  will  be  found  no  less  than  39  Lieute- 


96  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

He  obtained  the  rank  of  Post-Captain,  Aug.  11,  1794  ;  soon 
after  which  he  had  an  opportunity  of  distinguishing  himself 
as  a  brave  officer. 

In  the  month  of  June,  1/95,  he  commanded  the  Lowestoffe, 
a  32-gun  frigate,  with  a  complement  of  212  men,  under  the 
orders  of  the  late  Lord  Hotham,  by  whom  he  was  sent,  in 
company  with  the  Dido,  of  28  guns  and  193  men,  to  recon- 
noitre the  port  of  Toulon  and  the  adjacent  islands.  On  the 
24th  of  the  same  month,  these  ships  fell  in  with  two  French 
frigates,  la  Minerve  of  42  guns  and  330  men,  and  TArt£- 
mise  of  38  guns  and  2/5  men.  After  some  manoeuvring, 
Captain  George  Henry  Towry,  of  the  Dido,  leading  down, 
commenced  a  close  action  with  the  headmost  and  largest  of 
the  enemy's  ships,  which  falling  twice  on  board,  was  at  an 
early  period  much  disabled  from  the  loss  of  her  bowsprit, 
fore-mast,  and  main-top-mast ;  the  Dido's  mizen-mast  being 
shot  away,  and  her  fore  and  main-top-sails  rendered  useless, 
she  no  longer  kept  to.  At  this  juncture  Captain  Middleton 
came  up,  and  opened  a  well-directed  fire.  L'Artemise  ex- 
changed broadsides  with  the  British  frigates  as  she  passed 
them  on  the  opposite  tack,  and  soon  after  tacked  for  the  pur- 
pose of  joining  her  consort ;  but  upon  the  approach  of  the 
Lowestoffe  sheered  off,  and  succeeded  in  effecting  her  escape*. 
Captain  Middleton,  on  his  return  from  the  pursuit,  com- 
menced a  raking  fire  upon  la  Minerve,  and  soon  compelled 
her  to  surrender. 

This  was  justly  considered  one  of  the  most  gallant  actions 
of  that  period,  la  Minerve  alone  being  superior  in  weight  of 
metal  to  both  her  opponents.  Captain  Towry,  the  senior 
officer,  in  his  letter  to  the  Commander-in-Chief,  acknow- 
ledged the  very  able  support  he  had  received  from  Captain 
Middleton,  and  testified,  that  "  by  his  good  conduct,  the 
business  of  the  day  was,  in  a  great  measure,  brought  to  a 
fortunate  issue  f." 

nants  bearing  the  name  of  SMITH  ;  and,  of  those,  DO  less  than  5  having 
the  same  Christian  name,  JOHN  ;  which  also  renders  it  necessary  that  the 
distinguishing  italic  after  the  name  should  not  be  neglected,  as  the  figures 
1, 2,  3,  &c.  formerly  were. 

•  L'Artemise  was  destroyed  in  Aboukir  Bay,  Aug.  1,  1798. 
t  Captain  Towry  \va*  afterwards  appointed  to  the  Diadem  of  64  guns, 


KET1RED    CAPTAINS.  87 

We  are  not  aware  of  the  exact  loss  sustained  by  the  ene- 
my, but  that  of  the  British  was  not  so  great  as  might  have 
been  expected ;  the  Dido  had  6  men  killed,  and  15,  including 
her  first  Lieutenant,  the  late  Captain  Buckoll,  wounded*. 
The  Lowestoffe  had  only  3  men  wounded. 

In  the  course  of  the  same  year,  Captain  Middletoii  was 
appointed  to  the  Flora  of  36  guns,  in  which  ship  he  served  a 
considerable  time  under  the  orders  of  Commodore  Nelson,  in 
the  gulf  of  Genoa  and  on  the  neighbouring  coasts. 

On  the  10th  July,  179G,  the  Flora  assisted  at  the  occupa- 
tion of  Porto  Ferrajo,  which  place  it  was  considered  neces- 
sary to  secure,  in  consequence  of  the  French  having  taken 
possession  of  Leghorn,  and  evinced  a  disposition  to  seize 
upon  the  island  of  Elba,  in  order  to  facilitate  their  meditated 
invasion  of  Corsica. 

Porto  Ferrajo  is  by  nature  very  strong,  and  the  citadel 
nearly  impregnable ;  notwithstanding  which,  it  surrendered 
without  resistance,  on  observing  the  preparations  made  by 
Commodore  Nelson's  squadron,  and  the  British  troops  under 
Major  Duncan,  for  storming  the  place.  It  was  mounted  with 
100  pieces  of  cannon,  and  garrisoned  by  400  regulars,  besides 
a  numerous  militia. 

In  April,  1797j  soon  after  the  battle  off  Cape  St,  Vincent, 
Vice- Admiral  Waldegrave  was  appointed  Governor  of  New- 
foundland, and  the  Flora  ordered  to  convey  him  to  England. 
On  the  3d  Nov.  following,  she  received  the  flag  of  Rear-Ad- 
miral Frederick  for  a  passage  to  Lisbon ;  from  whence  she 
proceeded  to  her  station  in  the  Mediterranean  f. 

On  the  14th  May,  1798,  Captain  Middleton  pursued  a 
French  brig,  which  he  compelled  to  seek  shelter  in  the  har- 
bour of  Cerigo,  an  island  near  the  Morea ;  and  there  not  being 
sufficient  water  for  his  frigate  to  follow  her,  he  despatched 

and  commanded  that  ship  in  the  glorious  battle  with  the  Spanish  fleet  off 
Cape  St.  Vincent,  Feb.  14,  1797-  At  the  time  of  his  death,  which  took 
place  April  9,  1809,  he  was  Deputy  Chairman  of  the  Victualling,  and  junior 
Commissioner  of  the  Transport  Board.  His  father,  Commissioner  G.  P. 
Towry,  died  in  1817,  aged  84. 

*  Captain  Buckoll  commanded  the  Serpent  sloop,  and  died  on  the  Afri- 
can station,  April  23,  1798. 

t  On  her  passage  from  England  to  Lisbon,  the  Flora  assisted  at  the 
capture  of  1'Incroyable,  a  French  priraUer,  of  24  guns  and  220  men. 


88  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

the  boats  to  cut  her  out ;  which  service  they  effected  in  a 
most  gallant  manner,  bringing  her  off  in  triumph,  notwith- 
standing a  heavy  fire  from  two  batteries  at  the  entrance  of 
the  harbour,  with  the  loss  of  only  1  man  killed  and  8 
wounded.  She  proved  to  be  le  Mondovi,  of  16  guns  and  68 
men,  1  of  whom  was  slain,  5  supposed  to  be  drowned,  and  8 
dangerously  wounded  *. 

In  the  course  of  the  following  month,  Captain  Middleton 
captured  la  Corcyre,  a  French  corvette  of  16  guns,  near 
Sicily.  During  the  two  succeeding  years  he  was  employed 
on  the  Lisbon  station,  where  he  cruised  with  considerable 
success  against  the  enemy's  privateers  and  merchantmen. 
Among  the  numerous  prizes  taken  by  him,  were  1'Intrepide, 
of  20  guns  and  160  men ;  1'Aventure,  14  guns,  132  men  j 
N.  S.  del  Carmen,  2  guns,  21  men;  1'Aurore,  8  guns,  33 
men ;  la  Legere,  14  guns,  60  men ;  the  Rhuiter,  14  guns, 
104  men ;  Comnesa,  16  guns,  90  men  j  St.  Antonio  y  Animas, 
10  guns,  55  men ;  and  the  Cortes  of  4  guns  ;  making  a  total 
of  nine  armed  vessels,  mounting  102  guns,  and  carrying  up- 
wards of  640  men.  He  was  also  fortunate  enough  to  re-cap- 
ture many  of  their  prizes. 

In  the  early  part  of  1801,  the  Flora  accompanied  the  fleet 
under  Lord  Keith  to  Aboukir  Bay,  where  she  had  several 
men  killed  and  wounded,  whilst  assisting  at  the  debarkation 
of  the  army  under  Sir  Ralph  Abercrombie ;  with  whose  re- 
mains she  was  soon  after  sent  to  Malta,  where  they  were 
interred  in  the  N.  E.  bastion  of  the  fortifications  of  la  Valette, 
on  the  29th  of  April.  A  black  marble  stone,  laid  horizontally, 
adorned  with  a  Latin  epitaph,  marks  the  place  of  interment. 
The  Flora  returned  to  England  in  the  course  of  the  following 
month, 

Soon  after  the  renewal  of  hostilities  in  1803,  we  find  Cap- 
tain Middleton  commanding  the  North  Foreland  district  of 
Sea  Fencibles.  In  the  summer  of  1805,  he  succeeded  Com-r 
missioner  Otway  in  the  superintendance  of  the  naval  yard  at 
Gibraltar,  where  he  remained  until  Sept.  1808,  at  which 
period  he  obtained  a  seat  at  the  Navy  Board,  where  he  still 
continues. 

*  Lieutenant  W.  Russel,  who  commanded  the  boats  on  this  occasion, 
di«d  Captain  of  th«  Cerei  frigate  in  1801,  aged  35. 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  89 

Commissioner  Middleton  married,  Dec.  11,  1802,  Susan 
Maria,  daughter  of  John  Martin  Leake,  of  Thorpe  Hall,  co. 
Essex,  Esq. 

WILLIAM  SHIELD,  ESQ. 

Resident  Commissioner  of  Plymouth  Dock-Yard. 

THE  result  of  an  action  brought  against  this  officer,  in  the 
Court  of  Common  Pleas,  in  March  1792,  gave  peculiar  energy 
to  the  36th  naval  article  of  war  * .  The  plaintiff  complained 
of  an  assault  and  violence  used  to  his  person,  in  consequence 
of  his  refusing  to  obey  an  order  of  Mr.  Shield,  who  was  first 
Lieutenant  of  the  Saturn  74,  and  for  the  time  being,  com- 
manding officer,  which  order  was  in  itself  of  the  nature  of 
punishment ;  namely,  directing  him  to  go  to  the  mast-head, 
and  there  to  remain  for  a  certain  time,  or  until  called  down. 
On  his  refusing  to  obey,  Lieutenant  Shield  ordered  some 
men  to  secure  him  with  a  rope,  and  hoist  him  up  to  the  mast- 
head. The  usage  of  the  service,  with  respect  to  the  mast- 
heading of  midshipmen  for  minor  offences,  was  proved  by  the 
testimony  of  several  naval  officers.  Lord  Chief  Justice 
Loughborough  observed,  in  summing  up,  that  the  custom  of 
the  service  justified  the  first  order,  and  rendered  it  legal ; 
therefore  the  disobeying  such  order  justified  the  measures 
taken  to  enforce  it.  The  jury,  without  hesitation,  returned  a 
verdict  for  the  defendant. 

On  the  16th  July,  in  the  preceding  year,  Admiral  Lord  Hood? 
Vice- Admiral  Hotham,  Rear- Admiral  Go  wer,  Sir  Hyde  Parker, 
and  Captain  Richard  Onslow,  had,  in  compliance  with  an  order 
from  the  Admiralty,  formed  themselves  into  a  Court  of  Inquiry, 
in  order  to  ascertain  whether  Lieutenant  Shield's  conduct 

*  By  the  36th  naval  article  of  war,  it  is  declared,  "  that  all  other  crimes 
not  capital,  committed  by  any  person  or  persons  in  the  fleet,  which  are  not 
mentioned  in  this  act,  or  for  which  no  punishment  is  hereby  directed 
to  be  inflicted,  shall  be  punished  according  to  the  laws  in  such  case 
used  at  sea."  This  sweeping  clause  applies  to  the  punishment  of  those 
offences  which  were  not  foreseen  by  the  senate  at  the  time  of  legislation, 
and  which  could  not  therefore  be  specifically  provided  against ;  and,  in 
order  that  justice  may  not  be  retarded  in  its  course,  nor  offences  pass  with 
impunity,  the  old  standing  customs  and  usage  of  the  service  are  directed 
to  be  resorted  to,  in  like  manner  as  the  unwritten  law  is  made  auxiliary  to 
the  statute. 


90  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

towards  Mr.  Leonard,  the  plaintiff  in  the  above  action,  had  been 
such  as  to  render  it  necessary  for  a  court-martial  to  be  granted, 
according  to  the  wishes  of  the  complainant.  Their  report 
stated  that  there  was  no  just  ground  for  a  court-martial  to  try 
Lieutenant  Shield  on  the  charges  of  tyranny  and  oppression, 
alleged  against  him  by  Mr.  Leonard ;  but  on  the  contrary,  it 
appeared  from  the  testimony  of  all  the  Master's-Mates  and 
Midshipmen  on  board  the  Saturn,  that  the  general  tenor  of 
Lieutenant  Shield's  conduct  had  been  the  very  reverse  of  ty- 
rannical and  oppressive ;  and  moreover,  that  the  circum- 
stances of  the  alleged  tyranny  and  oppression  originated  from 
Mr.  Leonard's  having  neglected  his  duty,  in  the  first  in- 
stance, and  disobeyed  the  orders  of  his  commanding  officer, 
subsequent  thereto,  in  a  contemptuous  and  seditious  manner. 

During  this  investigation,  the  court  discovered  that  a  com- 
bination of  the  Mates  and  Midshipmen  of  the  London  and 
Edgar  had  been  formed  on  board  these  ships ;  and  in  con- 
sequence thereof,  letters  of  a  seditious  nature  written  to 
and  circulated  among  the  Midshipmen  of  the  other  ships  of 
the  squadron, — all  tending  to  the  hindrance  of  the  public  ser- 
vice, and  to  the  subversion  of  good  order  and  discipline  in  the 
fleet.  And  it  appearing  to  the  court  that  Mr.  Edward  Moore, 
a  Midshipman  belonging  to  the  London,  had  been  principally 
concerned  in  those  meetings,  &c.,  they  directed  the  said  gen- 
tleman to  be  confined,  and  submitted  to  the  Admiralty  the 
necessity  of  his  being  tried  for  the  same ;  adding  at  the 
same  time  their  opinion,  that  the  discipline  and  good  order 
of  the  fleet  would  be  at  an  end,  were  such  combinations  to 
pass*  without  the  most  exemplary  punishment.  Mr.  Moore 
was  in  consequence  tried  by  a  court-martial ;  and  the  charge 
preferred  against  him  being  in  part  proved,  he  was  sentenced 
to  be  imprisoned  for  the  space  of  one  calendar  month  in  the 
prison  of  the  Marshalsea,  and  to  be  severely  reprimanded, 
and  admonished  to  be  more  circumspect  in  future. 

At  the  commencement  of  the  French  revolutionary  war, 
the  Saturn  was  ordered  to  the  Mediterranean,  on  which  sta- 
tion Lieutenant  Shield  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  Com- 
mander, in  la  Sincere  of  20  guns,  one  of  the  Toulon  prizes. 
He  subsequently  commanded  the  Berwick  74,  and  Windsor 
Castle,  a  second  rate,  the  latter  bearing  the  flag  of  Rear- 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  91 

Admiral  Linzee,  under  whom  he  had  before  served  in  the 
Saturn.  His  post  commission  bears  date  Oct.  7-  1794. 

Some  time  in  the  course  of  that  year,  a  most  alarming 
mutiny  broke  out  on  board  the  latter  ship,  in  St.  Fiorenzo 
Bay.  The  reason  assigned  by  the  mutineers,  was  a  dislike  to 
their  Admiral,  Captain,  first  Lieutenant,  and  Boatswain,  all 
of  whom  they  declared  should  be  changed  before  they  would 
return  to  their  duty.  Captain  Shield  demanded  a  court- 
martial  on  his  conduct ;  but  there  not  appearing  any  thing 
to  criminate  him  in  the  least,  he  was  acquitted ;  notwith- 
standing which.  Admiral  Hotham,  the  Commander-in-Chief, 
to  satisfy  the  refractory  crew,  sent  another  Captain,  Lieute- 
nant, and  Boatswain,  to  the  Windsor  Castle ;  and  strange  to 
relate,  the  mutineers  also  received  a  pardon. 

In  the  following  year,  Captain  Shield  obtained  the  com- 
mand of  the  Audacious  of  74  guns,  and  was  present  in  that 
ship  at  the  destruction  of  1'Alcide,  a  French  74,  off  Frejus, 
July  13,  1795  *.  A  few  days  after  that  event  he  was  ap- 
pointed to  the  Southampton  frigate,  and  employed  under  the 
orders  of  Commodore  Nelson,  harrassing  the  enemy's  coasting 
trade  on  the  western  shores  of  the  Gulf  of  Genoa,  and  in 
co-operation  with  the  Austrian  army  encamped  at  Savona. 

Our  officer's  next  appointment  was  to  1'Unite,  another 
frigate,  stationed  in  the  North  Sea,  the  command  of  which  he 
resigned  on  her  being  ordered  to  the  West  Indies,  in  1799  ; 
and  from  that  period  we  lose^  sight  of  him  until  the  summer 
of  1805,  when  he  commanded  the  Illustrious  of  74  guns,  on 
the  coast  of  Spain.  His  subsequent  appointments  were  as 
follow :  To  be  Commissioner  at  Malta,  about  May,  1807  ; — 
In  the  following  year,  to  superintend  the  payment  of  ships 
afloat  at  Portsmouth  ; — From  thence  to  be  Commissioner  at 
the  Cape  of  Good  Hope,  where  he  remained  about  four 
years,  and  then  succeeded  the  late  Captain  Schomberg  at  the 
Navy  Board  ; — In  the  summer  of  1814,  to  be  Deputy  Comp- 
troller of  the  Navy;  and,  finally,  at  the  latter  end  of  1815, 
Resident  Commissioner  at  Plymouth  f. 

•  See  Vol.  I.  note  at  p.  264. 

f  Plymouth  dock-yard  was  first  established  in  1691;  previous  to  whidk 
year  the  master  shipwright  and  artificers  were  borne  on  board  one  of  the 
King's  ships,  fitted  for  their  reception.  Woolwich  (called  by  Camden 


92  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

WILLIAM  BROWELL,  ESQ. 

Lieutenant-Governor,  and  a  Director,  of  the  Royal  Hospital  at  Greenwich; 

and  a  Trustee  of  the  Naval  Charitable  Society  *. 
THIS  officer  obtained  post  rank  Nov.  29,  1794 ;  and  com- 
manded the  Sans  Pareil  of  80  guns,  bearing  the  flag  of  Lord 
Hugh  Seymour,  in  the  action  off  1'Orient,  June  23,  1J95  f- 
He  was  appointed  a  Captain  of  Greenwich  Hospital  in  1805, 
and  became  Lieutenant -Governor  of  that  establishment  early 
in  1809.  Mrs.  Browell,  who  was  a  daughter  of  Rear- Admiral 
Faulknor,  died  Sept.  20,  in  the  same  year  J. 

the  mother  dock),  Deptford,  and  Portsmouth  yards,  were  founded  in  lire 
reign  of  Henry  VIII.  In  1650,  there  was  no  mast-house  or  dry  dock  at 
the  latter,  and  the  Commissioner  resided  within  the  garrison  walls ;  the 
first  house  built  for  that  officer  was  begun  in  1664,  and  finished  in  1666. 
The  first  yard  established  at  Chatham  stood  where  the  gun-wharf  now  is  ; 
but  it  being  too  confined  a  spot,  and  having  only  one  small  dock,  was  re- 
moved about  the  year  1622,  to  its  present  situation.  The  fort  at  Sheerness 
was  built  by  Charles  II.  whom  we  must  therefore  consider  as  the  founder 
of  the  yard  at  that  place. 

*  See  Vol.  I.,  note  •  at  p.  56.  f  See  Vol.  I.  p.  246. 

J  The  Royal  Hospital  at  Greenwich,  which  now  stands  a  proud  and 
admirable  monument  of  national  gratitude,  may  be  said  to  have  originated 
in  private  benevolence,  and  affection  for  the  service,  to  the  reception  of 
whose  honorable  and  meritorious  veterans  it  is  appropriated. 

Those  great  commanders  Sir  Francis  Drake  and  Sir  John  Hawkins,  laid 
the  foundation  of  this  most  excellent  institution,  in  the  reign  of  Queen 
Elizabeth  (anno  1587).  They  also  assisted  in  the  creation  of  that  noble 
fund,  the  Chest  at  Chatham,  of  which  mention  has  already  been  made  in 
our  1st  Vol.  p.  93. 

In  the  year  1694,  the  establishment  at  Greenwich  first  assumed  a  regular 
form.  King  William  and  Queen  Mary  granted  the  royal  palace  at  that 
place,  to  be  converted  into  an  hospitaljfor  the  reception  of  decayed  seamen ; 
and  also  a  sum  for  extending  the  building.  In  1699,  an  Act  of  Parliament 
directed  that  sixpence  per  month  should  be  deducted  from  the  wages  of  all 
seamen,  both  in  the  royal  navy  and  in  the  merchants'  service,  for  its  sup- 
port ;  and  on  the  1st  Dec.  1704,  a  Lieu  tenant-Governor  and  other  officers 
were  appointed,  previous  to  the  admission  of  the  pensioners.  The  first 
mention  we  find  of  the  appointment  of  a  First  Master  and  Governor,  is  in 
the  year  1708. 

In  1/35,  the  funds  of  Greenwich  Hospital  were  considerably  augmented 
by  the  appropriation  of  the  rents  of  the  attainted  Earl  of  Derwentwater 
and  Charles  Ratcliff,  which  by  Act  of  Parliament  were  directed  to  be  ap- 
plied, first,  to  the  completion  and  beautifying  of  the  building;  after 
which,  to  the  support  and  maintenance  of  its  inmates.  In  1744,  all  un- 
claimed shares  of  prize-money,  at  the  expiration  of  three  years,  were  or- 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  93 

CHARLES  PATTON,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  a  Commander  in  1/81  ;  obtained  the  rank 
of  Post-Captain,  May  30,  1795  ;  and  during  the  whole  of  the 
late  war  superintended  the  transport  service  at  Portsmouth. 
He  is  the  author  of  "  An  Attempt  to  establish  the  Basis  of 
Freedom  on  simple  and  unerring  Principles,"  8vo.  published 
in  1793;  and  of  "  The  Effects  of  Property  upon  Society  and 
Government;"  to  which  is  added  by  his  brother,  the  late 
Admiral  Philip  Patton,  "  An  Historical  Review  of  the  Mo- 
narchy and  Republic  of  Rome."  8vo.  17^7  *• 

Residence. — Fareham,  Hants. 


WILLIAM  EDGE,  ESQ. 

A  Captain  of  the  Royal  Hospital  at  Greenwich. 
,  THIS  officer  was  made  a  Commander  into  the  Alert,  a 
French  brig  taken  at  Toulon,  and  fitted  by  the  British  as  a 
fire- vessel.  At  the  evacuation  of  that  place  by  the  allied 
forces,  the  important  service  of  covering  the  retreat  of  Sir 
W.  Sidney  Smith's  party  was  confided  to  Captain  Edge,  who 
brought  off  every  man  of  the  different  guards  and  detached 
parties  f. 

The  Alert  being  destroyed  on  this  occasion,  Captain  Edge 
was  after waads  appointed  to  the  Vulcan  fire-ship ;  and  on 
his  return  to  England,  removed  into  the  Prince  George  of 
98  guns,  in  which  vessel  he  was  present  at  the  discomfiture 
of  the  French  fleet,  off  1'Orient,  June  23,  1795  J.  On  the 

dered  to  be  paid  into  the  Royal  Hospital.  The  following  notice  appeared 
in  the  London  Gazette  of  Feb.  9,  1802 :  "  A  gentleman  who  will  not  per- 
mit his  name  to  be  known,  having  by  a  confidential  friend  sent  to  Lord 
Hood,  Governor  of  Greenwich  Hospital,  the  amount  of  the  sale  of  10,000/. 
in  the  3  per  cent  consols,  for  the  use  and  benefit  of  the  said  hospital ;  the 
Governors  and  Directors  take  this  method  of  returning  their  most  grateful 
thanks  for  the  very  generous  gift.  This  truly  benevolent  gentleman  has 
also  given  the  like  sum  to  the  Chest  at  Chatham." 

*  Admiral  P.  Patton  died  near  Farekaiu,  Hants,  Dec.  31,  1815,  aged 
76  years.  He  was  an  officer  highly  esteemed  and  justly  respected  by  all 
who  knew  him.  His  last  employment  afloat  was  as  Commander-in-Chief 
in  the  Downs  ;  and  when  Lord  Durham  presided  over  naval  affairs,  he  held 
a  seat  at  the  Board  of  Admiralty.  A  few  years  before  his  decease  he 
published  "  The  Natural  Defence  of  an  Insular  Empire  earnestly  re- 
commended." 4to. 

t  See  Vol.  I.  p.  294.  J  See  Vol.  I.  p.  246.^ 


94  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

29th  of  the  same  month,  he  obtained  the  rank  of  Post- 
Captain  ;  from  which  period  we  lose  sight  of  him  until  the 
establishment  of  Sea  Fencibles  in  the  spring  of  1798,,  when 
he  was  appointed  to  the  command  of  the  district  between 
Harwich  and  Yarmouth,  having  his  residence  at  South  wold. 
Early  in  1809,  he  succeeded  the  present  Lientenant-Governor 
of  Greenwich  Hospital,  as  one  of  the  Captains  of  that  esta- 
blishment; and  .continuing  to  hold  that  appointment,  was 
passed  over  in  the  general  promotion  that  took  place  on  the 
4th  June,  1814. 


JAMES  BOWEN,  ESQ. 

One  of  the  Principal  Officers  and  Commissioners  of  his  Majesty's  Navy. 
THIS  officer,  a  native  of  Ilfracombe,  co.  Devon,  is  descend- 
ed from  the  ancient  and  respectable  family  of  the  Bowens,  of 
Court  House,  in  the  seignory  of  Gower,  in  Glamorganshire. 

•  About  the  year  1776,  we  find  him  commanding  a  merchant 
ship  employed  in  the  African,  Canada,  and  Jamaica  trade ; 
on  board  which  vessel,  his  gallant  brother,  the  late  Captain 
Richard  Bowen,  first  Went  to  sea  *.  He  subsequently  entered 
the  naval  service  as  a  Master,  and  served  as  such  on  board 
the  Artois  frigate,  commanded  by  the  late  Admiral  Macbride, 
in  the  battle  between  Sir  Hyde  Parker  and  Admiral  Zoutman, 
Aug.  6,  1781  f- 

SoWe  time  after  this  event,  Mr.  Bowen  went  into  the 
Texel  in  a  Dutch  fishing  boat,  closely  reconnoitred  the  ene- 

*  Captain  Richard  Bowen  commanded  the  Terpsichore  frigate,  and  fell 
covered  with  wounds  at  the  attack  upon  Santa  Cruz,  in  the  island  of  Te- 
ueriffe,  July  24th,  1797-  (See  Vol.  I.  note  f,  at  p.  391.)  He  had  landed 
at  the  Mole  head,  with  about  fifty  of  his  crew,  stormed  the  battery,  spiked 
the  guns,  and  was  proceeding  towards  the  town,  in  pursuit  of  the  fugitive 
Spaniards,  when  a  tremendous  discharge  of  grape,  from  some  field  pieces 
in  his  front,  brought  him  to  the  ground,  with  his  first  Lieutenant,  and 
many  brave  followers,  at  the  moment  that  Nelson  received  the  wound 
which  caused  him  the  loss  of  an  arm. 

Commissioner  Bowen  had  two  other  brothers  in  the  naval  service : 
George,  a  Post-Captain,  died  at  Torquay,  Oct.  31st,  1817;  and  Thomas, 
who  fell  a  sacrifice  to  the  climate  of  the  West  Indies,  when  serving  as  a 
Midshipman  on  promotion,  in  the  Cumberland,  Captain  Macbride,  during 
the  armament  of  1 790. 

t  See  Vol.  I.  note  §,  at  p.  175. 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  96 

my's  ships  lying  at  that  anchorage,  and  made  an  accurate 
report  of  their  condition  to  the  Admiralty.  The  Dutch 
squadron  shortly  after  attempted  to  come  out;  but  upon  the 
Artois  making  a  signal  to  the  British  ships  in  the  offing,  and 
the  latter  anchoring  in  the  Land  Deep,  the  enemy  put  back  in 
such  confusion,  that  a  74  grounded  on  the  Haak  Sands,  where 
she  was  completely  wrecked. 

On  the  3d  Dec.  in  the  same  year,  the  Artois  fell  in  with, 
and,  after  a  smart  action,  captured  the  Hercules  and  Mars, 
two  beautiful  privateers  belonging  to  Amsterdam,  mounting 
24  nine-pounders  and  10  cohorns  each  ;  the  former  having  a 
complement  of  164  men,  the  latter  146.  The  Artois,  on  this 
occasion,  had  1  man  killed  and  6  wounded  ;  the  enemy  sus- 
tained a  loss  of  22  killed  and  35  wounded.  These  vessels 
had  been  cruising  off  Flamborough  Head,  to  intercept  a  fleet 
of  English  merchantmen  coming  from  the  Baltic,  of  which 
Mr.  Bowen  was  fortunate  enough  to  obtain  information  while 
watching  the  Texel  in  a  tender  belonging  to  the  Artois. 

Early  in  1782,  the  Artois  was  ordered  into  the  Channel ; 
and,  in  the  month  of  April,  she  formed  part  of  the  fleet  which 
was  sent  out  under  Admiral  Harrington,  for  the  purpose  of 
intercepting  a  French  squadron,  then  about  to  sail  from  Brest 
for  the  East  Indies.  On  the  20th  of  that  month,  being  a-head 
on  the  look  out,  she  discovered  the  enemy,  and  succeeded  in 
leading  them  to  the  British  fleet ;  by  which,  in  the  course  of 
that  and  the  following  day,  the  Pegase  of  74  guns,  TAction- 
naire,  a  64  armed  en  flute,  and  twelve  transports,  laden  with 
provisions  and  ammunition,  and  having  on  board  a  consider- 
able number  of  troops  *,  were  captured. 

Mr.  Bowen  continued  in  the  Artois  until  the  peace  of  1783, 
when  he  removed  with  Captain  Macbride  into  the  Druid  fri- 
gate, on  the  Irish  station.  In  1787?  we  find  him  serving 
under  the  same  officer  in  the  Cumberland  of  74  guns,  sta- 
tioned as  a  guard-ship  at  Plymouth,  where  he  remained  till 
1789,  when  he  was  appointed  Inspecting  Agent  of  Transports 
in  the  river  Thames. 

At  the  commencement  of  the  French  revolutionary  war, 
Mr.  Bowen,  at  the  particular  request  of  Earl  Howe,  joined  the 

*  The  Pegase  was  taken  by  Sir  John  Jervis,  in  the  Foudroyant.  See 
Vol.  I.  p.  15  et  «<v/.  Fire  of  the  transports  were  captured  by  the  Artois. 


96  »         RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

Queen  Charlotte,  a  first-rate,  bearing  that  nobleman's  flag. 
The  professional  skill  and  steady  conduct  displayed  by  him 
during  the  arduous  conflict  of  June  1,  1794,  secured  the 
veteran  Admiral's  lasting  esteem,  and  obtained  for  him  the 
rank  of  Lieutenant ;  by  which  the  door  was  opened  for  his 
future  advancement  in  the  navy:  whilst  the  different  Captains, 
at  the  suggestion  of  his  Lordship,  and  to  evince  their  high 
opinion  of  Mr.  Bowen,  appointed  him  their  agent  for  the 
prizes  taken  on  that  memorable  day  *. 

Our  officer's  first  commission  was  for  the  Queen  Charlotte,  of 
which  ship  we  find  him  the  first  Lieutenant  in  Lord  Bridport's 
action  off  1'Orient,  June  23,  1795  f,  on  which  occasion,  she 
had  4  men  slain  and  32  wounded.  Mr.  Bowen,  for  his  con- 
duct on  that  day,  was  shortly  after  made  a  Commander ;  but 
we  are  not  aware  of  his  having  received  any  appointment 
until  Sept.  2  following,  when  he  obtained  post-rank  in  the 
Prince  George  of  98  guns,  fitting  for  the  flag  of  Rear- Admiral 
Christian,  who  had  recently  been  appointed  to  the  command 
of  a  squadron  destined  to  attack  the  French  and  Dutch  settle- 
ments in  the  West  Indies.  The  late  period  of  the  season  to 
which  this  expedition  had  been  protracted,  occasioned  the 
most  disastrous  result,  as  already  stated  under  the  head  of 
Sir  Charles  M.  Pole  J.  The  Prince  George  lost  her  rudder, 
and  was  otherwise  much  disabled;  in  consequence  of  which, 
the  Rear- Admiral,  accompanied  by  Captain  Bowen,  removed 
into  the  Glory,  of  similar  force. 

*  At  the  commencement  of  the  action,  the  Earl  desired  Mr.  Bowen  to 
lay  the  Queen  Charlotte  close  alongside  of  the  Montague,  an  immense  3- 
decker,  bearing  the  flag  of  the  French  Commander-in-Chief.  Mr.  Bowen 
kuew  his  duty,  and  performed  it :  he  conducted  the  ship  so  close  under 
the  stern  of  the  enemy,  that  the  fly  of  the  tri-coloured  ensign  brushed  the 
main  and  mizen  shrouds  of  the  Queen  Charlotte,  as  she  poured  her  lar- 
board broadside  into  her  opponent's  starboard  quarter.  The  Montague 
does  not  appear  to  have  been  prepared  for  action  on  that  side  ;  her  ports 
were  down,  and  it  was  some  time  before  she  returned  a  gun  ;  the  effect 
upon  this  unfortunate  ship,  as  acknowledged  by  the  republican  Admiral, 
was  the  loss  of  300  men  killed  and  wounded.  Mr.  Bowen,  addressing 
Earl  Howe  frequently  during  the  battle  by  his  title,  was  heard  by  the  other 
officers  to  receive  from  his  Lordship  this  grateful  and  animated  reply : 
"  Mr.  Bowen,  you  call  me,  ray  Lord  !  and  my  Lord  !  you  yourself  deserve 
to  be  a  Prince." 

t  See  Vol.  I.  p.  246,  et  teg.          j  See  Vol.  I.  note  t,  at  p.  89,  et  teg. 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  97 

On  the  9th  Dec.  in  the  same  year,  the  squadron  made 
another  attempt  to  get  clear  of  the  Channel ;  but  after  en- 
countering weather  of  the  most  dreadfully  tempestuous  de- 
scription for  a  period  of  seven  weeks,  was  again  obliged  to 
return  to  port. 

A  third  effort  was  more  successful ;  Rear- Admiral  Sir  Hugh 
Christian,  and  Captain  Bowen,  in  the  Thunderer  74,  accom- 
panied by  the  Invincible,  a  third  rate,  Grampus  of  54  guns, 
and  four  smaller  vessels  of  war,  with  such  of  the  transports 
and  merchantmen  as  were  ready,  sailed  from  Spithead  on  the 
20th  March,  and  arrived  at  Barbadoes  after  a  passage  of  32 
days.  On  the  22d  April,  they  left  Carlisle  Bay,  in  company 
with  Sir  John  Laforey,  who,  on  his  arrival  at  Martinique, 
resigned  the  command  at  the  Leeward  Islands  to  Sir  Hugh 
Christian,  by  whom  preparations  were  immediately  made  for 
the  reduction  of  St.  Lucia  *. 

After  the  conquest  of  that  island,  and  the  restoration  of 
tranquillity  in  Grenada,  St.  Vincent's,  &c.f,  Sir  Hugh  Chris- 
tian, having  been  superseded  by  Rear-Admiral  Harvey,  re- 
turned to  England  in  the  Beaulieu  frigate,  and  the  Thunderer 
proceeded  with  Sir  Hyde  Parker  to  the  Jamaica  station,  from 
whence  Captain  Bowen  returned  home  in  the  Leviathan 
74,  towards  the  close  of  1^97. 

His  next  appointment  was,  in  1798,  to  the  Argo  of  44 
guns ;  in  which  ship  he  assisted  at  the  reduction  of  Minorca, 
by  the  forces  under  the  orders  of  General  Stuart  and  Com- 
modore Duckworth  J,  and  recaptured  the  Peterell  sloop  of 
war,  whose  officers  and  crew  had  been  most  shamefully 
plundered  and  ill-used  by  the  Spaniards  who  had  captured 
them. 

On  the  6th  Feb.,  1799*  the  Argo  being  on  a  cruise,  hi  com- 
pany with  the  Leviathan,  discovered  two  large  frigates  at 
anchor,  near  a  fortified  tower  on  the  south  point  of  Alcudia 
Bay.  Immediately  the  enemy  perceived  the  British  ships, 
they  cut  their  cables  and  made  sail.  Chase  was  instantly 
given,  under  all  the  canvas  their  pursuers  could  bear.  It 
blowing  at  this  time  a  strong  gale,  the  Leviathan  unfortunate- 

*  See  Vol.  I.  note  f  at  p.  134,  and  further  particulars  under  the  head 
of  Captain  G.  F.  Ryves,  in  the  present  volume. 

+  See  Vol.  I.  p.  505.  J  See  Vol.  I.  p.  762, 

VOL.  II.  H  i 


98  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

ly  carried  away  her  main-top-sail-yard ;  by  which  accident 
she  dropped  a-stern,  and  was  soon  lost  sight  of  by  the  Argo. 
The  Spaniards  separated  at  the  close  of  the  day  j  but  Captain 
Bowen,  by  judicious  management  and  skilful  manoeuvres, 
kept  sight  of  one  of  the  frigates,  which  he  got  alongside  of  at 
midnight,  and  compelled  to  surrender.  She  proved  to  be 
the  Santa  Teresa,  of  42  guns  and  530  men.  Her  consort, 
the  Proserpine,  of  similar  force,  effected  her  escape. 

Captain  Bowen  shortly  after  attacked  and  carried  a  num- 
ber of  merchant  vessels  lying  at  Tarragona ;  but  in  conse- 
quence of  their  taking  the  ground  when  coming  out,  he  was 
obliged  to  set  them  on  fire.  He  subsequently  went  on  a 
mission  to  Algiers ;  and  whilst  there,  had  the  good  fortune 
to  procure  the  freedom  of  six  British  subjects,  who  had  been 
fourteen  years  in  a  state  of  slavery.  Previous  to  his  depar- 
ture, the  Dey,  as  a  mark  of  friendship,  presented  him  with 
a  rich  Turkish  sabre  and  two  fine  Arabian  horses. 

In  the  month  of  July  following,  the  Argo  received  the  flag 
of  Earl  St.  Vincent,  who  had  been  obliged,  through  ill  health, 
to  resign  his  command  on  the  Mediterranean  station.  On 
the  6th  August,  Captain  Bowen  captured  the  Infanta  Amelia, 
a  Spanish  packet,  mounting  \2  guns ;  and  twelve  days  after- 
wards, landed  his  Lordship  at  Portsmouth.  He  was  after- 
wards employed  in  affording  protection  to  the  Portugal  and 
Mediterranean  trade ;  and  in  addition  to  several  privateers, 
captured  the  San  Fernando,  a  Spanish  letter  of  marque, 
pierced  for  22  guns,  carrying  12,  with  a  complement  of  53 
men  and  a  cargo  of  considerable  value,  a  French  brig  in 
ballast,  and  three  vessels  laden  with  iron  ore. 

In  the  summer  of  1801,  Captain  Bowen  had  the  gratification 
of  receiving  the  following  letter  from  the  Secretary  of  the 
Hon.  East  India  Company : — 

"  East  India  House,  July  3,  1801. 

"  Sir. — I  have  great  pleasure  in  obeying  the  command  of  the  Court  of 
Directors  of  the  East  India  Company,  by  communicating  their  thanks  for 
your  care  and  attention  in  convoying  to  England  from  St.  Helena,  nine  of 
the  Company's  ships,  together  with  an  extra  ship  laden  on  their  account; 
and  in  acquainting  you,  that  the  Court  have  presented  you  with  the  sum 
of  400  guineas,  for  the  purchase  of  a  piece  of  plate,  as  an  acknowledgment 
of  those  services  ;  which  sura  may  he  received  at  the  Company's  Treasury 
here.  I  am,  &c. 

(Signed)        "  W.  RAMSAY,  Sec." 


RETIRED  CAPTAINS;  99 

Whilst  abseht  in  the  performance  of  the  service  alluded  to 
in  the  foregoing  letter,  Captain  Bowen  captured  two  of  the 
enemy's  letters  of  marque.  Early  in  the  following  year,  the 
British  Factory  at  Madeira,  of  which  island  he  had  some  time 
before  taken  possession,  requested  his  acceptance  of  a  sword, 
as  a  mark  of  their  respect  for  his  professional  character.  On 
this  occasion,  similar  resolutions  concerning  him  were  passed, 
as  in  the  case  of  Captain  Thomas  Wolley,  now  a  Vice- 
Admiral  *.  He  was  afterwards  appointed  to  the  chief  com- 
mand on  the  coast  of  Africa;  from  whence  he  returned  to 
England,  and  was  put  out  of  commission  in  1802. 

On  the  renewal  of  hostilities  in  1803,  Captain  Bowen  ob- 
tained the  command  of  the  Dreadnought,  a  new  ship  of  98 
guns  ;  and  in  the  summer  of  the  same  year,  was  nominated  a 
Commissioner  of  the  Transport  Board.  In  1805,  the  late 
Viscount  Melville  directed  him  to  prepare  Falmouth  harbour 

for  the  reception  of  the  Western  squadron  ;  which  service  he 
'.,-.- 

*  "  At  a  General  Meeting  of  the  British  Consul  aud  Factory,  held  at 
the  Consul's  house,  on  the  23  Jan.,  1802 —  :  (  f|O 

".RESOLVED  UNANIMOUSLY — That  the  thanks  of  this  Factory  be  given 
to  Thomas  Wolley,  Esq.,  Captain  of  H.  M.  S.  Arcthusa,  for  his  very  meri- 
torious conduct  in  the  discharge  of  his  professional  duties,  during  his  com- 
mand on  this  station;  and  for  the  exemplary  discipline  and  regularity 
preserved  on  board  the  different  vessels  of  his  squadron.  The  Factory 
with  pleasure  avail  themselves  of  this  opportunity,  to  acknowledge  the 
many  obligations  which  the  commerce  of  Madeira  owes  to  Captain  Wolley ; 
who,  very  fortunately  for  the  island,  has,  in  the  course  of  the  war,  had 
occasion  frequently  to  visit  this  station ;  and  he  has  uniformly  shewn  every 
attention  to  the  British  inhabitants,  and  given  every  protection  to  their 
property,  which  it  was  in  his  power  to  afford. 

"  The  Consul  and  Factory,  as  a  token  of  their  gratitude  for  the  services 
which  he  has  rendered  them,  and  as  a  mark  of  their  respect  for  ,his  profes- 
sional character,  request  Captain  Wolley's  acceptance  of  a  sword.  And  it 
it  is  with  singular  satisfaction  that  while,  as  a  public  body,  they  offer  this 
tribute  to  his  professional  conduct,  each  individual  member  of  this  Factory 
feels  a  private  gratification  in  ah  opportunity  of  testifying  his  personal 
attachment  to  the  character  of  Captain  Wolley. 

"  RESOLVED — That  the  Consul  and  Directors  be  a  Committee  to  carry 
the  preceding  resolve  into  execution ;  and  to  have  an  authentic  copy  trans- 
mitted in  the  most  respectful  manner  to  Captain  Wolley. 

"  RESOLVED — That  the  sword  shall  be  of  such  a  value  and  workman- 
ship, as  shall  be  worthy  of  the  public  body  which  presents,  and  of  the 
respectable  character  who  is  to  receive  it." 

H    2 


100  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

performed,  by  laying  down  buoys  on  the  different  banks  and 
moorings  for  ships  of  the  line ;  after  which,  and  serving  for 
some  time  as  Captain  of  the  Fleet  under  Earl  St.  Vincent,  he 
resumed  his  seat  at  the  Board  *.. 

In  January  1809,  Commissioner  Bowen  added  to  his  well- 
earned  fame,  by  the  important  services  which  he  rendered  to 
the  brave  troops,  recently  commanded  by  Sir  John  Moore, 
when  embarking  at  Corunna,  and  for  which  he  received  the 
thanks  of  both  Houses  of  Parliament.  Since  that  period,  we 
believe  he  has  not  been  afloat.  He  became  a  Commissioner 
of  the  Navy  about  March,  1816. 

In  1810,  Commissioner  Bowen  received  a  letter  from  a 
distant  relative,  at  that  time  Governor  of  Teneriffe,  where  his 
gallant  brother  fell  j  stating,  that  the  magistrates  of  the 
island,  out  of  regard  for  the  memory  of  the  deceased,  and 
respect  for  the  surviving  relatives,  had  requested  him  to  re- 
ceive the  gold  seals,  chain,  and  sword,  of  the  late  Captain 
Richard  Bowen,  which  had  been  kept  ever  since,  in  the  Town 
House  of  that  island,  as  a  record  of  their  defeat  of  the  English 
on  that  occasion,  and  which  was  all  that  they  could  recover 
belonging  to  him,  the  populace  having  stolen  his  watch  and 
other  valuables  :  the  sword,  chain,  and  seals,  had  been  care- 
fully preserved;  and  they  requested  the  Governor  to  beg 
Commissioner  Bowen  would  accept  them,  as  they  conceived 
such  relics  would  be  grateful  to  his  feelings ;  and,  as  the 
two  nations  were  then  firmly  united  in  a  cause,  which  reflect- 
ed equal  honor  on  both,  they  did  not  wish  to  retain  a  trophy 
which  could  remind  them  that  they  had  ever  been  opposed  to 
each  other. 

Captain  James  Bowen,  of  the  Phoenix  frigate,  eldest  son 
of  the  subject  of  this  memoir,  died  on  the  East  India  station, 
in  1812.  In  him,  his  country  lost  an  active,  brave,  and  skil- 
ful officer,  and  society  an  amiable  and  distinguished  ornament. 

Another  son  of  the  Commissioner's,  John,  obtained  post 
rank,  January  22d,  1806.  His  youngest  son,  St.  Vincent, 
was  admitted  into  holy  orders  in  1823. 

*  Admiral  Cormvallis  rendezvoused  at  Falmoutb  several  times  in  1805 ; 
and  in  the  succeeding  year,  Commissioner  Bowen  conducted  the  fleet  under 
Earl  St.  Vincent,  consisting  of  five  3-deckers  and  eight  other  line-of? 
battle  ships,  into  that  port,  where  he  moored  them  in  safety. 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  101 

ROBERT  LARKAN,  ESQ. 

A  Captain  of  the  Royal  Hospital  at  Greenwich. 

THIS  officer  was  born  at  Athlone,  in  Ireland,  Dec.  27, 
1756,  and  at  the  age  of  fourteen  years  was  placed  by  his 
uncle,  the  late  Captain  John  P.  Ardesoif,  R.  N.  under  the 
protection  of  Captain  George  Vandeput,  commanding  the 
Solebay  frigate.  He  subsequently  served  as  a  Midshipman 
on  board  the  Terrible  and  Ramillies,  third  rates ;  Argo  44  ; 
Pelican  sloop  of  war;  and  Prince  of  Wales  74,  the  latter 
bearing  the  flag  of  Rear- Admiral  Barrington,  on  the  Leeward 
Islands  station. 

Whilst  serving  under  that  distinguished  commander,  Mr. 
Larkan  was  present  at  the  capture  of  St.  Lucia*,  and  bore  a 
part  in  the  action  between  Vice- Admiral  Byron,  and  the 
Count  d'Estaing,  off  Grenada,  July  6,  1779  f.  On  the  28th 
April,  1780,  after  having  acted  for  some  time  as  a  Lieutenant 
in  the  Diana  frigate,  he  was  confirmed  to  that  rank  in  the 
Culloden  74.  From  the  following  months  until  Nov.  1783,  he 
served  as  such  under  the  late  Lord  Hugh  Seymour  in  the  Diana, 
Ambuscade,  and  Latona,  principally  attached  to  the  grand 
fleet,  at  that  period  employed  cruising  in  the  Bay  of  Biscay, 
and  escorting  supplies  to  the  besieged  garrison  of  Gibraltar. 
The  last  named  frigate  afforded  such  essential  service, 
during  the  relief  of  that  fortress  by  Earl  Howe,  that  we  think 
it  proper  to  enter  into  a  more  minute  account  of  what  passed 
on  that  memorable  occasion,  than  we  did  in  our  first  volume. 

On  the  9th  Oct.  1782,  being  then  abreast  of  Cape  St.  Vincent,  Lord 
Howe  sent  a  Lieutenant  into  Faro  to  gain  intelligence ;  who  returned  with 
the  news  that  the  enemy  had  failed  in  their  grand  attack,  and  that  the 
combined  fleets  of  France  and  Spain,  consisting  of  forty-seven  sail  of  the 
line,  three  ships  of  56  guns  each,  besides  frigates,  &c.  were  lying  off  Alge- 
ziras,  for  the  purpose  of  preventing  any  supplies  being  carried  to  the  rock. 
At  five  P.  M.  on  the  following  day,  the  British  fleet,  consisting  of  thirty- 
four  sail  of  the  line,  five  frigates,  three  fire-vessels,  and  twenty-nine  trans- 
ports, brought  to  on  the  starboard  tack,  about  fourteen  leagues  from  the 
entrance  of  the  Gut.  At  eight  A.  M.  on  the  llth,  it  having  blown  hard  the 
preceding  evening,  the  signal  was  made  to  close ;  and  at  10h  30'  to  form 
the  line  of  battle  a-head  ;  the  transports,  under  protection  of  the  LatonaA 


*  See  Vol.  I,  note  *  at  p.  103. 
f  See  note  f  at  p.  50.  et  seq.  of  this  volume. 


102  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

preceding  the  fleet  to  the  eastward.  The  same  evening  the  Latona  an- 
chored in  the  bay,  and  Lord  Howe,  in  the  Victory,  passed  the  rock.  On  the 
12th  the  Latona  came  out  and  brought  Captain  Curtis  of  the  navy  to  the 
Commauder-in-Chief :  only  four  of  the  transports  fetched  into  the  bay ; 
the  remainder  were  driven  by  the  current  up  the  Mediterranean,  whither 
the  fleet  also  repaired.  Oct.  13th,  the  Panther  of  60  guns,  anchored  off 
the  garrison.  At  eleven  A.  M.  the  Latona,  abreast  of  Europa  point,  in- 
formed the  Admiral  by  signal  that  the  enemy  were  in  motion,  and  bore  up 
to  close  with  the  fleet.  At  sun-down  the  enemy  were  seen  about  six 
leagues  to  windward,  in  line-of-battle  on  the  larboard  tack,  forty-nine  sail 
of  square-rigged  vessels,  forty-two  of  which  appeared  to  be  of  the  line. 
The  Latona  and  another  frigate  were  ordered  to  reconnoitre. 

At  two  A.  M.  on  the  14th,  the  Latona  made  the  signal  for  the  enemy 
having  tacked.  At  six  they  were  not  in  sight  from  the  decks  of  the  British 
ships.  Oct.  15,  Gibraltar  distant  about  ten  leagues.  The  next  day  very 
thick  weather  with  a  heavy  swell ;  Latona  informed  Lord  Howe  that 
eighteen  more  of  the  transports  were  safe  in  the  Mole.  At  four  P.  M.  on 
the  1 7th,  the  fleet  stood  over  for  Tetuan  Bay,  with  intention  to  anchor 
there,  but  found  it  was  not  sufficiently  capacious.  On  the  18th,  Captain 
Holloway  of  the  Buffalo,  who  had  been  sent  to  the  Zaffarine  islands,  hove 
in  sight,  and  got  safe  into  the  bay  with  all  the  remainder  of  the  transports 
under1  his  protection,  one  'brig  alone  excepted  *.  In  the  evening  Captain 
Curtis'again  went  on  board  the  Latona,  charged  with  the  final  communi- 
oatiqna  the  Governor  had  to  make  to  Earl  Howe.  At  six  A.  M.  on  the 
19th,  wind  about  east,  the  Crown  made  the  signal  for  the  enemy's  fleet. 
His  Lordship  attempted  to  form,  but  finding  it  impracticable,  ran  through 
the  Gut  with  his  colours  flying  as  a  challenge.  At  four  P.  M.  the  Captain 
of  the  Latona  went  on  board  the  Victory,  with  the  news  of  his  having  cap- 
tured'and  destroyed  a  Spanish  fire- vessel ,•  he  also  carried  with  him  Cap- 
tain Vallotton,  aid-de-camp  to  General  Elliot,  and  Captain  Curtis,  returning 
to  England  with  despatches.  The  loss  sustained  by  the  British  in  the  en- 
suing skirmish  has  already  been  stated  in  a  note  at  p.  42,  of  this  volume. 

The  Spanish  fire-vessel  just  alluded  to  was  taken  posses- 
sion of,  and  conducted  into  Gibraltar  Bay,  by  Lieutenant 
Larkan,  who  appears  to  have  had  a  most  miraculous  escape 
from  destruction,  she  being  actually  on  fire  in  several  places, 
and  her  hatches  all  battened  down,  when  boarded  by  him. 
On  searching  the  prize  several  lighted  matches  were  disco- 
vered in  various  parts,  some  of  which  had  communicated 
their  fire  to  rags  and  other  combustibles,  whilst  one  was 
found  sticking  in 'a  barrel  of  filled  cartridges  placed  under  the 
cabin.  The  man  who  had  been  ordered  to  inspect  that  part  of 
the  vessel,  was  so  much  alarmed,  that  instead  of  attending  to 

*  See  Vol.  I.  fc.  107. 


RETIRED    CAFfAINS.  .      103 

Lieutenant  Larkan's  order  enjoining  him  to  be  steady,  to  take 
up  the  match  gently  and  hand  it  to  him,  he  threw  it  up  the 
scuttle  with  such  force  that  it  fell  down  an  adjoining  hatch- 
way where  a  large  quantity  of  combustible  matter  was  depo- 
sited ;  and  but  for  the  promptitude  of  Lieutenant  Larkan,  who 
seeing  another  man  standing  near,  instantly  pushed  him  down 
upon  the  match,  which  was  thereby  fortunately  extinguished, 
the  most  alarming  consequences  might  have  followed.  Others, 
however,  being  secreted  in  different  parts,  as  was  evident 
from  the  increased  smoke,  Lieutenant  L'arkan  having  suc- 
ceeded in  reaching  Gibraltar  Bay  about  mid-night,  and  re- 
ported the  condition  of  the  vessel  to  his  Captain,  was  ordered 
to  destroy  her  without  delay,  a  service  which  he  performed 
so  effectually,  that  in  little  more  than  a  quarter  of  an  hour 
the  water  for  some  distance  was  covered  with  her  burning 
wreck. 

On  the  appearance  of  hostilities  with  Spain  in  1790,  Lieu- 
tenant Larkan  again  joined  Lord  Hugh  Seymour,  in  the  Ca- 
nada of  74  guns ;  and  at  the  commencement  of  the  French 
war  in  1793,  he  accompanied  him  to  the  Mediterranean  in 
the  Leviathan,  a  ship  of  the  same  force. 

During  the  memorable  actions  of  May  29  and  June  1, 
1794,  the  Leviathan,  at  that  period  attached  to  Lord  Howe's 
fleet,  bore  a  distinguished  part.  The  veteran  Admiral,  in  his 
supplementary  official  letter,  dated  June  21,  thus  notices  her 
conduct  on  the  28th  of  the  former  month  : 

"  The  quick  approach  of  night  only  allowed  me  to  observe,  that  Lord 
Hugh  Seymour  Conway  in  the  Leviathan,  with  equal  good  judgment  and 
determined  courage,  pushed  up  alongside  of  the  3-decked  French  ship,  and 
was  supported  by  Captain  Parker  of  the  Audacious,  in  the  most  spirited 
manner.  I  have  since  learnt  that  the  Leviathan  stretched  on  farther 
a-head,  for  bringing  the  second  ship  from  the  enemy's  rear  to  action,  as 
soon  as  her  former  station  could  be  occupied  by  a  succeeding  British  ship  ; 
also  that  the  3-decker  in  the  enemy's  rear,  as  aforesaid,  being  unsustained 
by  their  other  ships,  struck  to  the  Audacious,  and  that  they  parted  company 
together  soon  afterwards.''  Respecting  the  Leviathan  on  the  ensuing  day, 
his  Lordship  adds : — "  The  Queen  Charlotte  was  therefore  immediately 
tacked ;  and  followed  by  the  Bellerophon,  her  second  astern,  and  soon  after 
joined  by  the  Leviathan,  passed  through  in  action,  between  the  fifth  and 
sixth  ships  in  the  rear  of  the  enemy's  line." 

On  the  1st  June,  the  Leviathan  engaged  1'Am^rique  of  74 
guns,  bearing  the  broad  pendant  of  a  French  Commodore, 


104  KETIRKD    CAPTAINS. 

and  fairly  beat  her  out  of  the  enemy's  line  j  but  such  was  the 
obstinacy  of  her  commander,  that  although  she  had  been  ren- 
dered perfectly  defenceless,  and  her  firing  had  entirely  ceased, 
he  could  not  be  prevailed  on  to  strike.  Lord  Hugh  was  at 
length  obliged  to  leave  his  antagonist,  and  close  with  the 
British  Admiral,  in  obedience  to  a  signal  then  flying :  1'Ame- 
rique  soon  after  struck  to  the  Russel,  without  making  any 
further  resistance.  The  Leviathan  had  10  men  killed  and  33 
wounded,  whilst  the  French  ship,  in  the  different  actions,  had 
134  slain  and  110  wounded. 

Mr.  Larkan's  conduct,  as  first  Lieutenant  of  the  Leviathan, 
on  those  eventful  days,  procured  for  him  almost  immediate 
promotion  j  and  we  subsequently  find  him  commanding  the 
Hornet  sloop  of  war.  His  advancement  to  the  rank  of  Post- 
Captain  took  place  Sept.  16, 1796  j.  and  from  this  period  till 
the  peace  of  Amiens,  he  was  employed  in  the  Camilla,  a 
20-gun  ship,  principally  on  the  North  Sea  and  American 
stations. 

Captain  Larkan  appears  to  have  been  doomed  to  a  state  of 
painful  inactivity  during  the  whole  of  the  late  war.  He  was- 
appointed  to  the  Royal  Hospital  at  Greenwich,  in  Jan.  1818, 
and  placed  on  the  retired  list  in  Aug.  of  the  following  year. 
His  brother  was  first  Lieutenant  of  the  Defence  in  the  battle 
of  the  1st  June,  and  is  now  a  Commander  on  half  pay. 


HON.  COURTENAY  BOYLE. 

One  of  the  Principal  Officers  and  Commissioners  of  His  Majesty's  Navy  ; 
and  a  Fellow  of  the  Royal  Society. 

THIS  officer  is  the  third  son  of  Edmund,  seventh  Earl  of 
Cork  ami  Orrery,  by  his  first  Countess,  Anne,  daughter  of 
Kelland  Courtenay,  Esq.  and  niece  to  John,  fourth  Earl  of 
Sandwich. 

He  was  born  Sept.  3,  1769,  and  entered  the  naval  service 
Feb.  19,  1781,  as  a  Midshipman,  on  board  the  Latona  frigate, 
commanded  by  the  late  Sir  Hyde  Parker,  [n  this  ship  he 
witnessed  the  action  between  the  squadron  under  the  com- 
mand of  his  Captain's  veteran  father,  and  that  of  Holland  under 
Admiral  Zoutman  *  ;  some  time  after  which  he  had  the  mis- 
fortune to  fall  from  the  booms  into  the  orlop,  and  was 
*  See  Vol.  I.  note  §  at  p.  1 75, 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS.  105 

obliged  to  go  on  shore  for  his  recovery.  He  subsequently 
joinedtheGoliah  74,  and  remained  in  that  vessel  until  April  8th, 
1783,  when  he  was  sent  to  the  Naval  College  at  Portsmouth, 
where  he  continued  until  March  1784;  at  which  period  he 
re-commenced  his  professional  career,  under  the  auspices  of 
the  great  Nelson,  in  the  Boreas  frigate,  and  sailed  in  her  to 
the  West  Indies,  from  whence  he  returned  to  England  in  the 
summer  of  1787- 

The  Boreas  having  been  put  out  of  commission,  Mr.  Boyle 
was  received,  at  the  recommendation  of  Captain  Nelson,  on 
board  the  Barfleur  98,  bearing  Lord  Hood's  flag ;  and  in  that 
ship  he  continued  until  the  25th  Nov.  1788,  when  he  was  re- 
moved into  the  Leander  50,  the  flag-ship  of  Admiral  Peyton, 
by  whom,  on  the  5th  June  1789,  he  was  appointed  to  act  as 
Lieutenant  in  the  Aquilon  frigate,  on  the  Mediterranean  sta- 
tion. He  subsequently  served  in  the  same  capacity  on  board 
the  Vanguard  74,  and  was  at  length  confirmed  in  that  rank  and 
appointed  to  the  Roebuck,  a  44  on  two  decks. 

At  the  commencement  of  the  war  against  revolutionary 
France,  in  1793,  we  find  Mr.  Boyle  fourth  Lieutenant  of  the 
Egmont,  of  74  guns,  commanded  by  the  late  Sir  Archibald 
Dixon,  This  ship,  after  fitting  at  Plymouth,  proceeded  with 
the  squadron  under  Rear- Admiral  Gell,  to  convoy  the  East 
India  fleet  to  a  certain  latitude ;  and  then  cruised  between  the 
Western  Isles  and  the  coast  of  Spain.  On  the  14th  April, 
the  squadron  captured  the  General  Dumourier,  French  Priva- 
teer of  22  guns  and  196  men,  and  retook  the  St.  Jago  re- 
gister ship,  her  prize,  which,  after  a  tedious  litigation,  was 
condemned,  when  the  captors  shared  largely,  each  of  the 
Lieutenants  receiving  1,400/.* 

On  the  27th  of  the  following  month,  Lord  Hood,  then  at 
Gibraltar,  appointed  Lieutenant  Boyle  to  the  Fox  cutter,  and 
charged  him  with  despatches  for  the  Admiralty.  Our  officer 
afterwards  served  in  the  Excellent  and  Saturn  ships  of  the 
line  j  and  in  the  spring  of  1795,  accompanied  Commodore 
Payne  in  the  Jupiter  of  50  guns,  to  bring  over  H.  S.  H.  the 
Princess  Caroline  of  Brunswick  from  Cuxhaven.  On  his 
return  from  that  service,  he  was  promoted,  April  1795,  to  the 
rank  of  Commander  j  and  during  the  month  of  October  fol- 
lowing, obtained  an  appointment  to  the  Kangaroo,  a  new  brig 
*  See  Vol.  I,  note  f,  at  p.  757. 


106  RETIRED    CAPfAINS. 

of  18  guns,  in  which  he  cruised  with  considerable  success 
against  the  enemy's  privateers  and  other  armed  vessels  on 
the  Lisbon  and  Irish  stations.  He  obtained  post  rank.  June 
30th,  1797. 

From  this  period  until  the  beginning  of  the  ensuing  year, 
Captain  Boyle  remained  on  half-pay.  He  was  then  appointed 
to  the  Hyaena,  of  24  guns,  and  served  in  her  off  Cherbourg, 
St.  Maloes,  and  the  Isle  of  Bas,  until  March  1799,  when  he 
was  obliged  to  resign  his  ship  in  consequence  of  the  injury 
he  had  sustained  from  being  thrown  out  of  a  carriage,  when 
about  to  sail  for  Lisbon, 

His  next  appointment  was,  in  the  ensuing  month  of  June, 
to  the  Cormorant,  of  24  guns  ;  in  which  ;ship,  after  being  for 
some  time  in  attendance  upon  the  royal  family  at  Weymouth, 
he  was  sent  to  the  Mediterranean,  and  on  the  passage  out 
captured  a  Spanish  brig  of  14  guns  and  87  men,  and  retook 
an  English  West  Indiaman.  On  the  20th  May,  1800,  the 
Cormorant  was  wrecked  ofFDamietta,  on  the  coast  ;of  Egypt, 
when  on  her  way  to  Alexandria,  with  despatches  from  Lord 
Keith  to  Sir  W.  Sidney  Smith,  containing  the  ratification  of 
the  treaty  of  El  Arish.  Contrary  to  the  usages  of  war,  Captain 
Boyle  was  kept  in  close  confinement  for  nearly  three  months, 
during  which  period  the  French  General  Menou,  into  whose 
power  he  had  fallen,  treated  him  in  the  most  savage  manner, 
telling  him  that  he  must  consider  himself  as  an  hostage  for 
the  safety  of  Bodot,  who  had  been  an  aide-de-camp  to  Buona- 
parte, and  was  then  in  the  hands  of  the  Grand  Vizier. 

Having  at  length  recovered  his  liberty,  Captain  Boyle 
joined  Sir  W.  Sidney  Smith  at  Cyprus,  and  from  thence  went 
to  Minorca,  where  a  court  martial  assembled,  Nov.  17th, 
1800,  to  inquire  into  the  circumstances  by  which  the  loss  of 
the  Cormorant  was  occasioned.  The  court  were  unanimously 
of  opinion,  that  it  arose  from  an  error  in  the  reckoning,  occa- 
sioned by  the  great  incorrectness  of  the  charts^  and  that  the 
conduct  and  exertions  of  Captain  Boyle,  were  highly  merito- 
rious and  exemplary  on  the  unfortunate  occasion ;  and  did 
therefore  adjudge  him  to  be  fully  acquitted  of  all  blame. 

From  this  period,  our  officer  remained  unemployed  tin 
the  spring  of  1803,  when  he  was  appointed  to  the  Seahorse 
frigate,  and  ordered  to  the  Mediterranean,  where  he  was  most 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

actively  employed  under  the  immortal  Nelson,  during  a  most 
important  part  of  his  Lordship's  command  on  that  station. 

In  the  summer  of  1805,  Captain  Boyle  exchanged  into  the 
Amphitrite,  a  Spanish  prize  frigate,  and  returned  to  England. 
His  last  appointment  afloat  was  May  31,  1806,  to  the  Royal 
William,  bearing  the  flag  of  the  Port  Admiral  at  Spithead, 
the  command  of  which  ship  he  retained  until  the  month  of 
June,  1809,  when  he  succeeded  the  late  Captain  Towry  as  a 
Commissioner  of  Transports.  The  controul  of  the  dock-yard 
at  Sheerness  was  confided  to  him  in  the  summer  of  1814; 
and  some  time  after  he  was  appointed,  by  an  order  in  council, 
to  superintend  the  bringing  up  of  the  arrears  of  the  accounts 
left  unaudited  by  the  Transport  Board  at  the  time  of  its  dis- 
solution. He  has  recently  obtained  a  seat  at  the  Navy  Board. 

Commissioner  Boyle  married,  in  1J99,  Caroline  Amelia, 
daughter  of  the  late  William  Poyntz,  of  Midgham  House, 

co.  Berks,  Esq.     His  son  is  a  Lieutenant  R.  N. 

3         • 

ISAAC  WOLLEY,  ESQ. 

Deputy  Chairman  of  the  Victualling  Board. 

THIS  officer,  a  brother  of  Vice- Admiral  Thomas  Wolley, 
was  educated  at  the  celebrated  maritime  school  formerly  estab- 
lished at  Chelsea,  and  which  furnished  the  navy  with  many 
excellent  officers.  At  the  commencement  of  the  French  war 
in  1793,  we  find  him  holding  the  rank  of  Lieutenant,  and 
commanding  a  large  ship  in  the  West  India  trade.  He  sub- 
sequently joined  the  Santa  Margaritta  frigate,  commanded  by 
the  present  Admiral  Sir  Eliab  Harvey,  with  whom  he  served 
on  shore  at  the  reduction  of  Martinique  by  the  naval  and  mi- 
litary  forces  under  Sir  John  Jervis  and  Sir  Charles  Grey  *. 

*  After  the  investiture  of  Fort  Bourbon  by  the  British,  Captain  Harvey 
landed  at  the  head  of  300  seamen  and  a  party  of  marines  from  his  own 
ship,  the  Solebay,  and  Nautilus,  and  instantly  began  to  proceed  with  a  24- 
pounder  and  two  other  guns  from  the  wharf  in  the  Cul  de  sac  Cohe'e  to- 
wards Sourier,  a  post  recently  taken  by  Sir  Charles  Grey,  and  near  which 
that  General  had  established  his  head-quarters.  After  cutting  a  road 
through  a  thick  wood  for  nearly  a  mile ;  making  a  sort  of  bridge,  or  rather 
passage,  across  a  river,  which  they  effected  by  filling  it  up  with  large 
stones  and  branches  of  trees  ;  and  levelling  the  banks  of  another  river  by 
the  removal  of  immense  fragments  of  rock,  this  persevering  party,  on  the 
third  day,  tp  the  astonishment  of  the  whole  army,  got  the  24-pounder  to 


108  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

From  the  Santa  Margaritta,  Lientenant  Wolley  removed 
into  the  Boyne,  a  second  rate,  bearing  the  flag^  of  Sir  John 
Jervis,  by  whom  he  was  entrusted  with  the  command  of  180 
seamen  landed  from  that  ship  to  co-operate  with  the  British 
army  in  the  island  of  Gaudaloupe,  after  the  recapture  of  that 
colony  by  the  republican  forces  *. 

the  heights  of  Sourier  before  the  night  shut  in,  and  two  howitzers  within  a 
mile  of  it.  On  the  following  day  they  got  two  other  24-poanders  and  the 
howitzers  to  the  heights,  the  distance  from  which  to  the  wharf  where  they 
landed  is  near  five  miles.  When  we  consider  that  the  road  was  to  be 
formed  for  near  four  miles  of  the  way,  one  of  which  was  through  a  very 
thick  wood,  and  that,  as  they  approached  Sourier,  for  near  a  mile,  the  road 
was  so  steep,  that  a  loaded  mule  could  not  walk  directly  up  it,  it  seeuas 
scarcely  credible  that  so  small  a  number  of  men  should  be  able  to  have  un- 
dergone sueh  severe  fatigue,  considering  the  climate  and  the  nature  of  the 
soil,  which  was  a  very  stiff  clay  intermixed  with  large  stones.  The 
assistance  thus  rendered  to  the  army  by  these  brave  fellows  was  invaluable; 
and  the  compliments  paid  them  in  general  orders  for  their  spirited  con- 
duct, is  a  convincing  proof  that  they  never  once  relaxed  from  their  first 
exertions  during  the  whole  siege  of  Fort  Bourbon,  a  period  of  five  weeks. 
Indeed  their  astonishing  exertions  were  almost  beyond  probability :  after 
rain,  which  fell  frequently,  the  steep  parts  of  the  road  were  so  slippery, 
that  a  man  even  with  the  greatest  care  would  often  slip  back  tea  and  some- 
times twenty  feet  at  a  time  :  but  so  determined  were  the  honest  tars  not 
to  fail  in  what  they  undertook,  that  when  once  they  set  out  with  a  gun 
after  heavy  raiu,  and  found  it  impossible  to  keep  their  footing,  they  have 
crawled  up  as  they  dragged  the  ponderous  engine  of  destruction,  and  kept 
themselves  from  falling  back  by  sticking  their  fingers  in  the  ground.  Bat 
among  the  many  'compliments  paid  the  seamen,  none  pleased  them  so 
much  as  having  a  battery  appointed  solely  for  them,  where  they  used  to 
relieve  one  another  by  turns,  without  even  an  additional  allowance  of  grog 
as  an  encouragement.  The  following  anecdote  is  related  by  a  gentleman 
who  published  an  account  of  the  West  India  campaign  in  the  year  1/94: — 

"One  day,  when  the  Commander-in-Chief  of  the  army  met  Captain  Har- 
vey's detachment  of  seamen  on  the  road,  they,  being  ignorant  that  a  bat- 
tery was  appointed  for  them  to  serve  in,  surrounded  the  General,  and 

offered  him  their  services,  swearing  they  thought  it  d d  hard  to  have  all 

work  and  no  fighting ;  and  hoped  his  honour  would  let  them  have  some  share 
in  it.  Upon  the  General  replying,  "  Well,  my  lads,  you  shall  have  a  bat- 
tery to  yourselves,"  they  saluted  him  with  three  hearty  cheers,  and  went 
readily  to  their  work  again." 

Previous  to  the  surrender  of  Fort  Bourbon,  Lord  Garlics,  now  Earl  of 
Galloway,  joined  the  naval  detachment  at  Sourier,  with  a  reinforcement 
of  seamen  and  marines. 


•  See  Vol.  I.  note  at  p.  841. 


RETIRED    CAPl'AINS.  109 

On  the  22d  June  1794,  whilst  the  main  body  of  the  troops 
were  employed  in  erecting  batteries  against  Fort  Fleui- 
d'Epee,  the  Hon.  Captain  Stewart  commanding  the  9th  gren- 
adiers, and  Lieutenant  Wolley  with  a  party  of  sailors, 
marched  from  Grozier  to  attack  St  Ann's  fort,  a  strong  post 
about  twelve  or  fourteen  miles  to  windward.  After  a  most 
fatiguing  march,  during  which  some  heavy  showers  of  rain 
rendered  the  roads  almost  impassable,  they  reached  the  foot 
of  the  hill  on  which  the  fort  was  situated ;  up  which  they 
scrambled  so  leisurely,  and  such  a  profound  silence  reigned 
among  their  people,  that  they  approached  within  fifteen  or 
twenty  paces  of  the  centinel  before  he  perceived  them,  though 
he  was  apparently  alert  on  his  post.  The  French  guide  was 
now  so  terrified  that  he  fired  his  pistol  at  the  centinel,  which 
gave  the  alarm  ;  when  the  British  party  instantly  rushed  for- 
ward, and  with  three  cheers  began  to  storm  the  works.  The 
enemy  were  completely  surprised,  and  not  more  than  two  of 
them  escaped.  During  this  the  French  royalists  who  had 
accompanied  Captain  Stewart  and  Lieutenant  Wolley, 
marched  into  the  town,  where  they  began  the  most  brutal 
excesses;  but  the  humane  exertions  of  those  officers  soon 
put  a  stop  to  their  mischievous  proceedings.  In  this  attack 
Hear  400  republican  soldiers  were  killed,  and  one  prisoner 
taken  :  on  the  side  of  the  British  only  one  man  was  wounded, 
b.ut  Lieutenant  Wolley  and  his  followers  had  some  narrow 
escapes.  The  commanding  officer  of  the  fort  rushed  out  of 
the  guard-room  on  the  alarm  being  given,  with  a  lighted 
match  in  his  hand.  He  first  fired  a  gun  which  was  luckily 
pointed  in  an  opposite  direction;  he  then  three  times  at- 
tempted to  fire  a  24-pounder  as  Lieutenant  Wolley  and  his 
men  were  advancing  to  the  muzzle  of  it ;  but  fortunately, 
either  from  the  dampness  of  the  priming,  or  trepidation  of  the 
man,  it  missed  taking  effect ;  on  which  he  flung  down  his 
match,  and  retreated  to  the  further  end  of  the  fort,  pursued 
by  Lieutenant  Wolley,  who,  owing  to  the  darkness  of  the 
night,  soon  lost  sight  of  him,  and  as  he  returned  was  met  by 
some  of  his  own  party,  who,  taking  him  for  an  enemy,  were 
about  to  put  him  to  death,  when  his  voice  discovered  to  them 
their  mistake.  Had  the  gun  in  the  first  instance  gone  off,  it 
must  have  made  considerable  havock  among  the  assailants. 


110  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

as  it  was  loaded  with  a  bag  of  musket-balls.  Several  light 
sloops  and  schooners  were  found  in  the  bay,  one  of  which 
was  sent  by  the  commanding  officers  with  an  account  of  their 
success  to  the  Admiral  and  General.  It  being  impossible  to 
keep  possession  of  this  post,  from  the  small  number  of  our 
troops,  and  intelligence  being  brought  that  a  large  detach- 
ment of  the  enemy  were  on  their  way  to  cut  off  the  retreat  of 
the  party,  it  was  determined  to  return  to  the  camp  without  loss 
of  time,  all  the  ammunition  having  been  previously  destroyed, 
and  the  guns  of  the  fort  dismounted.  The  day  proving  un- 
usually hot,  and  the  roads  being  deep  and  slippery  in  conse- 
quence of  the  heavy  rains  that  had  fallen  during  the  prece- 
ding night,  they  were  not  able  to  reach  the  camp  without 
halting ;  they  therefore  took  post  at  a  planter's  house  on  an 
eminence,  where  they  were  received  with  great  hospitality. 
By  three  P.  M.,  the  men  who  had  dropped  down  on  the  road 
through  fatigue,  were  brought  in,  except  two,  who  reached 
the  camp  next  morning,  and  the  party  proceeded  to  their 
different  stations  without  further  accidents. 

From  this  period  the  operations  carried  on  against  the 
French  republicans  in  Guadeloupe,  are  thus  described  by  the 
Rev.  Cooper  Willyams,  late  Chaplain  of  the  Boyne,  in  his 
interesting  narrative,  which  we  have  already  alluded  to  in  the 
course  of  this  memoir  : 

"  On  'Tuesday  the  24th  of  June,  General  Grey  opened  his  batteries, 
which  he  had  erected  near  Grozier,  against  Fleur  d'Epe'e ;  at  the  same 
time  Brigadier-General  Dundas  kept  up  a  smart  fire  on  Point  a  Pitre, 
where  the  enemy  seemed  to  be  making  preparations  against  the  hurricane 
months,  now  approaching,  by  stripping  the  ships  in  the  harbour  of  their 
sails  and  rigging.  On  the  26th,  early  in  the  morning,  the  enemy,  to  the 
number  of  three  hundred,  made  a  sortie  from  Fleur  d'Epe'e,  on  our  ad- 
vanced post,  consisting  of  one  hundred  men,  but  were  soon  obliged  to  re- 
treat ;  we  lost  one  man  killed  and  eight  wounded  :  at  the  same  time  our 
batteries  and  gun-boats  cannonaded  the  fort  ;  in  the  latter  two  seamen 
were  wounded.  On  the  27th,  the  batteries  at  Grozier  having  opened  as 
usual  on  Fleur  d'Epe'e,  a  detachment  of  our  troops  under  Brigadier-Ge- 
neral Fisher  inarched  forward  to  attack  a  piquet  of  the  enemy  posted  on 
Morne  Mascot,  from  whence  they  drove  them  after  a  sharp  contest,  and 
established  themselves,  as  our  advanced  post,  within  musket-shot  of  the 
fort.  During  the  preceding  night  the  light  infantry  at  camp  Berville  were 
sent  by  Brigadier-General  Dundas,  under  command  of  Major  Ross  of 
the  25th  regiment,  to  Petit  Bourg,  where  they  embarked,  and  joined  the 
army  at  Grozier.  This  movement,  by  which  the  main  body  was  much 


RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

strengthened,  was  effected  unperceived  by  the  enemy,  and  the  39th  and 
43d  regiments  only  left  at  Berville. 

"  Several  skirmishes  now  daily  took  place,  and  many  fell  on  both 
sides  ;  though,  from  want  of  steadiness  at  the  last,  the  enemy  were  always 
greater  losers  than  ourselves.  On  the  morning  of  the  29th  of  June,  a 
large  body  of  the  enemy,  to  the  number  of  one  thousand,  marched  out  of 
Fort  Fleur  d'Epee,  and  seemed  to  meditate  an  attack  on  a  detachment  of 
light  infantry  under  Colonel  Gomm,  posted  to  the  right  of  the  grenadiers 
who  were  on  Morne  Mascot,  under  Brigadier-General  Fisher.  By  this 
false  movement,  they  hoped  that  a  detachment  of  the  grenadiers  would  be 
sent  to  reinforce  the  light  infantry,  and  thereby  weaken  the  force  on  Morne 
Mascot,  which  was  their  real  object  of  attack.  In  a  short  time,  however, 
they  were  perceived  mounting  the  side  of  Mascot  heights,  with  colours 
flying  and  singing  the  national  songs,  covered  by  a  heavy  fire  of  round  and 
grape-shot  from  Fleur  d'Epee,  which  prevented  our  grenadiers  from  shew- 
ing themselves  till  the  enemy  were  close  to  them  ;  on  which  General  Fisher 
made  them  prostrate  themselves  on  the  ground,  and  wait  the  approack  of 
the  enemy  in  that  posture.  The  instant  the  republicans  came  within  a  few 
yards  of  them  they  started  up,  and  an  obstinate  engagement  commenced, 
which  terminated  at  length  by  the  grenadiers  advancing  to  the  charge  j  on 
which  the  enemy  fled,  and  were  pursued  down  the  hill  with  great  slaughter. 
Our  loss  amounted  to  thirty  killed  and  wounded  :  among  the  former  was 
Lieutenant  Toosey  of  the  65th  regiment ;  of  the  latter,  Captain  De  Ri- 
vigne  of  the  artillery,  received  a  ball  in  the  side  of  his  neck.  Brigadier- 
General  Fisher  was  hit  three  times  by  grape-shot,  which  caused  contusions 
only,  and  his  horse  was  killed  under  him.  In  the  evening  the  enemy  sent 
in  a  flag  of  truce,  requesting  permission  to  bury  their  dead  and  carry  off 
their  wounded,  which  was  granted  them  ;  yet  they  left  a  number  of  both* 
on  the  side  of  the  hill,  to  the  great  annoyance  of  our  piquet,  which  during* 
the  following  night  was  disturbed  by  the  groans  of  the  dying  and  wounded. 
The  day  following  the  enemy  again  made  an  attempt,  in  equal  force, 
against  our  post  on  Mascot,  and  was  again  repulsed  with  great  loss.  The 
rainy  season  being  already  set  in,  and  the  hurricane  months  now  approach- 
ing, determined  the  Commander-in-Chief  to  make  an  effort  to  finish  the 
campaign  at  once.  From  bis  success  in  the  two  last  engagements,  and 
the  excellent  manner  in  which  he  had  planned  the  attack,  it  would  nd 
doubt  have  succeeded,  had  his  orders  been  punctually  obeyed.  The  plan 
he  had  laid  down  was,  for  a  large  body  of  troops  under  General  Symes, 
to  march  during  the  night,  and  make  themselves  masters  of  Morne  Go- 
vernment, and  the  other  commanding  heights  round  the  town  of  Point  & 
Pitre,  whilst  himself,  at  the  head  of  the  rest  of  his  army,  was  in  readiness 
on  the  heights  of  Mascot  to  storm  Fort  Fleur  d'Epee,  on  receiving  a  signal 
from  General  Symes  ;  but,  from  some  unfortunate  misapprehension,  the 
whole  of  General  Grey's  well-concerted  plan  was  rendered  abortive,  and 
the  almost  total  destruction  of  our  exhausted  forces  ensued :  but  it  is  my 
business  to  detail  the  events  of  this  unfortunate  aflair  as  accurately  as  the 
confused  accounts  I  have  received  will  permit.  Brigadier-General  Symes, 


112  RETIRED    CAPTAINS. 

having  under  his  command  the  first  battalion  of  grenadiers,  commanded  by 
Brigadier-General  Fisher,  and  the  first  and  second  light  infantry,  led  by 
Colonel  Gotnm,  with  a  detachment  of  seamen  from  the  Boyne  *  and 
Veteran,  commanded  by  Captain  Robertson  of  the  Veteran,  marched  from 
the  heights  of  Mascot  at  about  nine  o'clock  at  night,  on  the  1st  of  July. 
They  first  descended  into  a  deep  ravine  thick  planted  with  coffee  bushes, 
through  which  there  was  no  road,  the  seamen  bringing  up  the  rear.  The 
night  was  uncommonly  dark,  which  rendered  their  march  both  dangerous 
and  fatiguing.  After  proceeding  about  a  mile  they  halted  on  a  road,  and 
were  joined  by  two  small  field-pieces,  which  were  put  under  the  charge 
of  Lieutenants  Thomson  and  Maitland,  to  be  dragged  by  their  seamen. 
During  the  halt  some  people,  who  were  heard  to  speak  French,  were  seen 
near  the  rear ;  Lieutenant  Wolley  endeavoured  to  secure  them,  but  they 
escaped  through  the  bushes,  and  no  further  notice  was  taken  of  this.  The 
army  moved  forward  about  two  miles  further,  on  a  road  leading  through 
deep  ravines,  and  made  a  second  hall  for  about  an  hour  ;  the  march  was 
then  re-commenced,  but  no  orders  ever  passed  during  the  time  :  they  now 
proceeded  for  some  miles  without  meeting  with  any  obstruction,  when  an 
order  came  for  the  seamen  in  the  rear  to  advance  to  the  attack,  which  they 
did  by  running  as  fast  as  they  could  for  upwards  of  a  mile.  The  parties 
they  passed  were  not  in  the  best  order,  owing  to  the  quickness  of  the 
march,  until  they  came  to  the  grenadiers,  who  were  drawn  up  as  a  corps  de 
reserve.  About  this  time  the  bugle  horn  sounded  to  advance,  and  soon 
after  a  heavy  firing  of  round  and  grape-shot  from  Morne  Government,  and 
also  from  several  other  batteries  of  the  enemy,  commenced,  as  also  from 
some  twelve-pounders,  landed  from  the  shipping  in  the  harbour,  which 
were  placed  in  tiers,  and  entirely  enfiladed  the  road  along  which  the  troops 
were  advancing.  After  passing  the  grenadiers,  the  seamen  were  halted  for 
a  few  minutes  to  form,  they  being  perfectly  out  of  order  from  running  ; 
but  scarce  thirty  of  them  were  got  together,  when  Lieutenant  Wolley  was 
ordered  to  advance  with  them,  and  Captain  Robertson  remained  to  form 
and  bring  up  the  rest.  The  cannonading  from  the  enemy's  guns  was  the 
most  severe  the  oldest  soldier  ever  witnessed,  especially  from  the  guns 
which  were  on  the  road ;  two  or  three  tiers  of  which  were  planted  behind 
each  other,  from  which  the  enemy  were  driven  by  the  bayonets  of  our 
gallant  fellows,  who  no  sooner  had  taken  one  battery,  but  another  opened 
on  them  from  behind.  The  whole  now  became  a  scene  of  confusion  im- 
possible to  describe.  Instead  of  any  of  the  heights  being  attempted,  the 
greater  part  of  the  troops  and  the  seamen  were  got  into  the  town,  where 
they  were  mowed  down  by  the  grape-shot,  which  played  upon  them  in 
every  direction  f,  as  well  as  musketry  from  the  windows  of  the  houses. 


*  Lieutenant  Wolley  of  the  Boyne,  was  appointed  acting  major  of  bri- 
gade ;  and  Lieutenants  Thomson  and  Maitland,  and  Mr.  Oswald,  com- 
manded the  three  companies  of  seamen. 

f  One  of  the  frigates  in  the  harbour  did  great  execution  ;  by  a  single 


RK1IRED    CAPTAINS.  113 

Wherever  our  men  perceived  this,  they  broke  open  the  doors,  putting  all 
they  found  in  them  to  death  ;  and  those  who  could  not  stand  the  bayonet 
were  shot  as  they  leaped  from  the  windows.  General  Symes  was  by  this 
time  badly  wounded,  and  his  horse  killed  under  him.  Colonel  Gomm 
(who  led  the  light  infantry),  with  several  other  officers,  was  killed,  and  a 
great  many  more  desperately  wounded  ;  and  Captain  Robertson,  who 
commanded  the  seamen,  was  blown  up.  At  length  General  Fisher  (the 
second  in  command,  who,  as  well  as  every  other  officer  on  this  service,  was 
ignorant  of  General  Syme's  plans)  sounded  a  retreat,  and  the  miserable 
remains  of  this  gallant  party  marched  off,  the  enemy  harassing  them  in 
their  retreat,  though  kept  at  bay  by  the  gallant  exertions  of  the  Honour- 
able Captain  Stewart  with  a  party  of  Grenadiers,  assisted  by  Lieutenant 
Wolley  and  the  seamen  of  the  Boyne,  who  covered  the  retreat ;  till  at 
length  the  latter  fell  by  a  musket-ball  through  his  leg,  and  was  brought 
off  by  his  men.  When  the  remains  of  this  unfortunate  detachment  got 
back  to  Mascot,  General  Grey  found  it  in  vain  to  attempt  any  thing  against 
Fleur  d'Epde,  being  obliged  to  detach  the  second  battalion  of  grenadiers  to 
cover  the  retreat,  and  his  troops  being  all  so  much  reduced  and  exhausted, 
yet  from  the  effect  of  the  batteries  he  had  erected  to  cover  his  attack  of 
Fleur  d'Epe*e,  which  opened  on  that  fort  in  the  evening,  there  could  have 
been  no  doubt  of  success  had  not  the  above-related  misfortune  taken 
place  *.  It  being  totally  impossible  to  attempt  any  thing  further  at  this 
season,  the  General  that  night  began  to  re-imbark  his  cannon  and  mortars, 
and  in  two  days  had  got  off*  the  whole  of  his  troops  without  loss  ;  he  then 
strengthened  the  posts  on  Basse  Terre,  and  having  made  the  best  arrange- 
ments possible  to  maintain  them,  and  to  enable  him  to  renew  his  attacks 
on  Point  a  Pitre  and  Fleur  d'Epe"e  after  the  hurricane  months,  in  case  any 
reinforcements  should  arrive  (without  which  it  would  be  totally  impossible), 
he  embarked  on  board  the  Boyne,  leaving  Brigadier-General  Colin  Graham 
to  command  on  Basse  Terre,  and  then  repaired  to  St.  Pierre  in  the  island 
of  Martinique,  where  he  established  his  head-quarters.  The  Boyne  pro- 
ceeded to  Fort  Royal  Bay,  where  she  was  laid  up  for  the  hurricane  months 
in  a  snug  harbour,  called  Trois  Islet  Bay,  and  the  sick  and  wounded  were 
landed  for  the  benefit  of  fresh  air,  and  every  attention  paid  to  them  that 
could  alleviate  their  sufferings. 

"  During  the  whole  time  of  this  latter  campaign  the  fever,  which  had 
been  so  destructive  the  preceding  year,  continued  to  rage  in  our  navy  and 
army  with  unabated  violence.  General  Grey  lost  all  the  servants  he  brought 
from  England  by  it,  including  two  who  had  lived  with  him  for  many  years. 
It  first  broke  out  with  violence  when  the  former  campaign  ended." 


discharge  of  grape-shot,  killing  three  officers  and  thirty-six  privates  of  the 
light  infantry,  who  were  unfortunately  drawn  up  in  a  street  effectually 
commanded  by  her  guns. 

*  Our  loss  in  killed,  wounded,  and  missing,   amounted  to  thirty-eight 
officers,  forty-three  Serjeants,  and  six  hundred  and  eleven  privates. 

VOL.    Ik  I 


114  RETIRED    CAPTAINS, 

The  exact  period  at  which  Mr.  Wolley  was  prompted  to 
the  rank  of  Commander  we  are  not  acquainted  with.  His 
commission  as  a  Post- Captain  bears  date  Sept.  1,  1797  j  and 
we  soon  after  find  him  commanding  the  Nonsuch  of  64  guns, 
stationed  in  the  river  Humber.  In  1800,  he  was  removed  to 
the  Circe  frigate,  and  sent  to  the  West  Indies ;  from  whence 
he  returned  in  the  autumn  of  1802.  During  the  late  war,  he 
commanded  in  succession  the  Gelykheid  and  Africa,  64 's, 
and  Captain,  a  third  rate ;  in  the  latter  ship  he  accompanied 
the  expedition  under  Admiral  Gambier  and  Lord  Cathcart, 
against  Copenhagen,  in  1807  *. 

Towards  the  close  of  1813,  Captain  Wolley,  who  had  for 
some  time  before  superintended  the  Naval  Yard  at  Jamaica, 
was  appointed  Resident  Commissioner  at  Gibraltar,  from 
whence  he  removed  to  Malta  in  1818.  He  has  recently  re- 
turned to  England,  and  entered  on  the  duties  of  his  new  ap- 
pointment as  Deputy  Chairman  of  the  Victualling  Board. 
The  Commissioner  enjoys  a  pension  of  25Ql.per  annum,  for 
the  severe  wound  he  received  at  Guadaloupe  in  1795. 


POST-COMMISSION   dated  Sept.  11,   1/97;   placed  on  tke 
retired  list  in  1821 ;  resides  at  New  Park,  Axminster,  Devon, 

•  See  Vol.  I.  p.  79,  et  *>q. 


115 


POST-CAPTAINS. 


AISKEW  PAFFARD  HOLLIS>  ESQ. 

A  Colonel  of  the  Royal  Marines  *. 

THIS  officer  entered  the  naval  service  at  au  early  age  un- 
der the  protection  of  Captain  (afterward  Vice-AdmiraJ} 

*  At  a  period  when  the  commerce  of  this  country  bere  no  proportion 
to  its  present  extent,  the  supplies  of  seamen,  under  a  system  of  impress, 
were  extremely  precarious,  and  often  inadequate  to  the  public  emergen- 
cies. Experience  had  also  shewn,  that  raw  landsmen  were  most  improper 
substitutes,  as  the  sudden  change  of  life  rendered  them  subject  to  imme- 
diate disease  and  sea-sickness,  at  a  tim6  when  their  active  serrices  were 
required. 

These  united  causes  originally  suggested  the  expediency  of  forming  an 
establishment  of  marines,  who  were  raised  and  embodied  with  the  sole 
view  of  being  a  nursery  to  man  our  fleets.  They  were  always  quartered  in 
the  vicinity  of  our  principal  sea -ports,  where  they  were  regularly  trained  to 
the  different  methods  of  ship-fighting,  and  to  those  various  manoeuvres  of  a 
vessel,  in  which  numbers  were  necessary.  Being  thus  locally  placed,  their 
value  was  early  felt  by  their  exertions  in  equipping  the  squadrons  fitted 
out,  when  but  little  confidence  could  be  placed  in  the  sailor,  recently 
impressed  into  the  service. 

The  first  authentic  instance  of  any  regiment  of  this  description  appears  in 
the  Army  List  of  1684,  and  from  the  return  of  the  general  review  on 
Putney  Heath,  upon  the  1st  October  in  that  yean  It  was  then  styled, 
"  The  Lord  High  Admiral  of  England,  H.  R.  H.  the  Duke  of  York  and 
Albany's  Maritime  Regiment  of  Foot,"  commanded  by  the  Hon.  Sir 
Charles  Littleton,  and  called  also  the  Admiral  Regiment.  It  consisted  of 
twelve  companies,  without  any  grenadiers,  had  yellow  coats  lined  with 
red,  and  their  colours  were  a  red  cross,  with  rays  of  the  sun  issuing  from 
each  of  its  angles. 

Many  revolving  years  had  witnessed  the  distinguished  gallantry,  and  un- 
impaired loyalty  of  the  corps  of  marines  ;  the  records  of  a  British  legisla- 
ture had  long  teemed  with  grateful  memorials  of  their  merits  upon  the 
shores,  and  the  ocean  of  every  clime,  but  w'rth  scarcely  one  solid  mark  of 
recompenee  for  all  their  brilliant  services.  It  was  reserved  for  the  year 
1802,  and  the  ministerial  auspices  of  Earl  St.  Vincent,  to  draw  this  body 
of  faithful  soldiers  into  a  close  alliance  with  a  family  and  a  throne,  for 
whom  they  had  so  often  bled,  and  round  which  they  wilt  no  doubt  rally 
to  the  latest  period  of  their  existence.  The  title  of  Royal  was  aot  the  ar- 

i  2 


116  POST- CAPTAIN*    OF    1798. 

Parry,  with  whom  he  served  as  a  Midshipman,  on  board  the 
Lynx,  Lizard,  and  Actaeon,  in  the  West  Indies  and  British 
Channel.  He  subsequently  joined  the  Vigilant  of  64  guns, 
commanded  by  the  late  Admiral  Sir  Robert  Kingsmill,  Bart, 
which  ship  formed  part  of  Admiral  Keppel's  fleet,  and  was 
warmly  engaged  in  the  action  with  M.  d'Orvilliers  off  Ushant, 

July  27,  1778. 

Mr.  Hollis's  promotion  to  a  Lieutenancy  took  place  Jan. 
22,  1781  j  and  from  that  period  until  July  27,  1793,  we  find 
him  serving  successively  in  the  Seaford  of  24  guns,  Pegase 
74,  Narcissus  24,  and  Andromeda  frigate,  under  the  Cap- 
tains Christian,  Roberts,  Marshall,  Bligh,  and  Salisbury.  At 
the  latter  period  he  was  removed  by  Rear-Admiral  Alan 

quirement  of  influence.  No !  it  was  the  reward  for  more  than  100  years 
of  undiminished  zeal ;  a  monarch's  tributary  sacrifice  at  the  altar  of  honor ! 
The  following  are  the  terms  in  which  it  was  conveyed  to  Lieutenant-Gene- 
ral  Souter  Johnstone,  Commandant  in  Chief,  on  the  day  of  a  grand  pro- 
motion in  the  navy : 

"  Admiralty-Office,  April  29,  1802. 

"  Sir — The  Earl  of  St.  Vincent  having  signified  to  my  Lords  Commis- 
sioners .of  the  Admiralty,  that  his  Majesty,  in  order  to  mark  his  royal  ap- 
probation of  .the  very  meritorious  .conduct  of  the  corps  of  Marines,  during 
the  late  war,  has  been  graciously  pleased  to  direct,  that,  in  future,  the 
corps  shall  be  styled  '  The  Royal  Marines.* 

"  I  have  great  satisfaction  in  obeying  their  Lordship's  commands  to 
communicate  this  intelligence  to  you ;  and  in  offering  their  Lordships' 
congratulations  on  this  testimony  of  the  opinion  his  Majesty  entertains  of 
the  very  distinguished  services  of  that  part  of  his  forces  to  which  you  be- 
long. I  am,  Sir,  &c.  &c. 

(Signed)  "  EVAN  NEPBAN." 

"  Lieut.-^Gen.  Souter  Johnstone, 
Commandant  of  the  Marines." 

The  Royal  Marines  have  lately  been  clothed  in  a  manner  similar  to  the 
guards.  They  are  under  the  immediate  control  of  the  Admiralty,  and  no- 
minally commanded  by  three  general  officers,  and  four  colonels  belonging 
to  the  sea-service — these  are  at  present  H.  R.  H.  the  Duke  of  Clarence, 
General;  Admiral  Sir  Richard  Bickerton,  Lieutenant-General ;  Vice- Ad- 
miral Sir  George  Cockburn,  Major-General;  and  Captains  Hollis,  Sir  E. 
W.  C.  R.  Owen,  George  Scott,  and  Sir  T.  M.  Hardy,  Colonels. 

The  Royal  Marine  officers  themselves  never  rise  beyond  the  rank  of 
colonel  commandant  in  their  own  corps  ;  but  they  attain  the  rank  of  ge- 
neral officer  in  the  army.  No  commissions  are  bought  or  soW,  but  each 
officer  rises  according  to  his  seniority.  For  further  particular!  see  Vol.  I 
not*  f  at  p.  132. 


POST-CAPTAINS   OP   1798.  117 

Gardner  into  his  flag  ship,  the  Queen,  a  second  rate,  then  on 
the  West  India  station,  but  soon  afterwards  attached  to  the 
Channel  fleet  under  the  orders  of  Earl  Howe. 

Early  in  1794,  the  French  fitted  out  a  powerful  fleet,  man- 
ned with  the  flower  of  their  marine,  and  commanded  by  an 
officer  of  acknowledged  bravery  and  long  experience.  On 
board  the  Admiral's  ship  were  two  Commissioners,  delegated 
by  the  National  Convention  to  animate  by  their  presence  the 
operations  of  the  armament,  and  inspire  the  seamen  with  a 
more  than  ordinary  portion  of  hostility  against  the  British 
nation ;  but  the  intentions  of  the  enemy,  in  spite  of  all  their 
measures,  and  the  bravery,  bordering  on  desperation,  with 
which  they  fought,  were,  happily  for  the  safety  of  England, 
averted  by  the  splendid  victory  gained  by  Earl  Howe  on  the 
memorable  1st  of  June.  The  conduct  of  the  Queen  on  that 
never  to  be  forgotten  occasion,  and  in  the  preceding  battle  of 
May  29,  is  thus  described  by  a  contemporary  writer : 

"  Of  the  twelve  or  fourteen  ships  that  had  the  good  fortune  to  be  en- 
gaged (May  29),  the  Queen,  Royal  George,  and  Royal  Sovereign,  were 
those  only  whose  casualties  were  of  serious  consequence  *.  Such  were 
the  exertions  on  board  the  first-named  ship  of  the  three,  that,  before  dark, 
new  sails  were  bent  fore  and  aft ;  a  main-top-sail-yard  had  been  got  up  for  a 
fore-yard,  a  fore-top-gallant-mast  for  a  mizen-top-mast,  and  a  fore-top- 
gallant-yard  for  a  mizen-top-sail-yard ;  and  the  Queen  was  reported  again 
ready  for  service."  See  James's  Nav.  Hist.  Part  I.  Pol.  I.  p.  201. 

"  The  Queen,  in  bearing  down  to  engage,  (June  1,)  having  suffered  con- 
siderably in  her  sails  and  rigging,  was  unable  to  get  abreast  of  her  proper 
opponent,  the  Northumberland ;  who,  with  her  fore  and  main  tacks 
down,  was  running  fast  a-head.  She  therefore  closed  with  the  seventh 
French  ship,  the  Scipion.  This  ship  also  made  sail  a-head,  and  then  ran 
to  leeward ;  but  the  Queen  kept  close  upon  her  starboard  quarter,  and  an- 
noyed her  much.  The  Scipion,  having  had  her  colours  twice  shot  away, 
re-hoisted  them  at  the  mizen-top-gallant-mast-head.  At  three  quarters 
past  ten,  her  mizen-mast  came  by  the  board.  At  eleven,  the  Queen's  main- 
mast went  over  the  lee-side,  springing,  in  its  fall,  the  mizen-mast,  and 
carrying  away  the  fore  part  of  the  poop,  and  the  barricade  of  the  quarter- 
deck. In  another  quarter  of  an  hour,  the  main-mast  of  the  Scipion  came 
down  ;and,  almost  immediately  afterwards,  her  fore-mast.  By  this  time  the 
Queen  had  fallen  round  off;  and  the  Scipion's  crew,  having  been  driven  from 
their  quarters  with  great  slaughter,  came  upon  deck,  and  waved  submission 
with  their  hats.  But  the  Queen  was  in  too  disabled  a  state  to  take  possession 

*  Queen,  mizen-top-mast  and  fore-yard  shot  away ;  main-mast,  bow- 
sprit, and  fore- top-mast  shot  through,  22  men  killed,  and  27  wounded. 


118  HOST-CAPTAINS    OF    1798. 

HIM  mi/cii-top  mast  bad  been  shot  away  since  the  fall  of  her  main-mast  ; 
tier  fore-mast  and  bowsprit  had  beeu  shot  through  in  several  places  ;  and 
her  mizeu-mast,  from  its  wounds,  was  expected  every  instant  to  fell.  Her 
rigging  had  been  cut  to  pieces,  and  her  sails  all  rendered  useless. 

"  After  about  an  hour's  exertions  hi  repairing  sotne  ef  the  principal 
damages,  the  Queen  had  got  ker  head-toA'ards  her  own  fleet,  and  was  stem- 
Ming  along  to  teevvard  of  it  ;  when,  at  about  half-past  twelve,  she  disco- 
vered through  the  smoko,  twelve  sail  of  French  ships  standing  towards  her. 
The  leading  ship,  the  Montagne,  passed  without  firing,  and  so  did  her 
second  astern  ;  but  the  third  ship  opened  her  fire,  as  did  also  every  one  of 
the  remainder ;  the  last  of  ythich  was  the  Terrible,  with  only  her  fore- 
mast standing.  The  latter  was  towed  into  the  line  by  three  frigates  ;  two 
of -which  cast  off  and  hauled  to  windward,  to  engage  the  Queen.  The  lat- 
Ifer,  however,  soon  convinced  them  that  her  guns  were  not  so  disabled  as 
her  masts  :  and  the  two  frigates  put  up  their  helms  and  ran  to  leeward, 
without  returning  a  shot.  The  appearance  of  the  Charlotte  and  the  line 
a-stern  of  her,  had  caused  the  Montagne  and  her  line  to  keep  more  away 
than  was  at  first  intended ;  and  hence  the  Queen  suffered  but  little  from  the 
distant  cannonade  she  had  been  exposed  to.  The  French  line,  on  coming 
abreast  of:  the  Queen's  late  antagonist,  the  Scipioa,  towed  her  off,  as  well 
as  two  other  dismasted  2-deckers,  lying  close  to  her.  The  damages  which 
the  Queen  had  sustained  have  already  appeared :  her  loss  amounted  this 
dwy,  to  14  seamen  and  marines  or  soldiers,  killed ;  her  second,  sixth,  and 
an  acting  Lieutenant,  one  midshipman,  and  36  seamen  and  marines  or 
soldiers,  wounded."  See  id.  p.  237,  et  seg. 

The  total  number  of  killed  and  wounded  on  board  the 
Queen,  in  the  two  actions,  as  stated  in  the  London  Gazette> 
agrees  with  the  foregoing  statements,  but  in  the  list  of 
^pwftded  presents  us  with  the  name  of  Captain  Hutt,  who 
kJst  a  leg,  and  died  a  few  days  after  his  arrival  at  Ports- 
mouth *.. 

Among  those  who  were  seriously  hurt  in  the  conflict  of 
June  1,  but  whose  names  were  not  reported  as  such,  was 
Lieutenant  Hollis,  who  received  a  severe  contusion  in  the 
head  by  a  splinter.  The  other  officers  of  his  rank  wounded 
were  Messrs.  Dawes,  Lawrie,and  Crimes,  the  former  mortally, 
On  the  28d  June  in  the  ensuing  year,  the  Queen  formed  part 
of  Lord  Bridport's  fleet  in  the  affair  oflTOrient,  on  which  oc- 
casion three  French  ships  of  the  line  were  captured,  as  already 
stated  under  the  head  of  Sir  William  Domett,  in  our  first 
volume. 

Some  time  after  this  event  Lieutenant  Hollis  accompanied. 

•  See  Vol.  I.  note  at  p.  614. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1/98.  119 

Vice-Admiral  Sir  Alan  Gardner  into  the  Royal  Sovereign,  a 
first  rafce  j  and  he  continued  to  serve  with  that  highly  distin- 
guished officer  till  Nov.  1,  1796,  on  which  day  he  was  pro- 
moted to  the  rank  of  Commander  in  the  Chichester,  a  44-gun 
ship,  armed  en  flute y  intended  to  form  part  of  a  squadron 
about  to  be  placed  under  the  orders  of  Lord  Hugh,  Seymour, 
for  the  reduction  of  the  Manillas. 

On  the  10th  Nov.  1797>  Captain  Hollis,  being  at  the  Cape 
of  Good  Hope,  received  an  order  from  Rear- Admiral  Pringle, 
commander-in-chief  on  that  station,  to  assume  the  temporary 
command  of  the  Jupiter,  (her  Captain,  the  present  Vice-Ad- 
miral Losack,  being  absent  on  a  court-martial,)  and  proceed 
with  that  ship  to  the  advanced  anchorage  of  Robin  island, 
Where  the  Crescent  frigate  was  then  lying  in  a  state  of  mutiny, 
and  whose  crew  he  was  directed  to  reduce  to  immediate  obe- 
dience. The  Crescent  wasmetby  the  Jupiter  coming  into  Table 
Bay,  towed  under  the  batteries,  her  ringleaders  secured, 
brought  to  trial,  and  punished.  On  the  16th  of  the  same 
month  Captain  Hollis  was  posted  into  the  Tremendous  74, 
bearing  the  Rear-Admirars  flag  j  and  a  few  weeks  after  ap- 
pointed to  the  Vindictive,  a  small  frigate,  in  which  he  was  or- 
dered home  as  convoy  to  a  large  fleet  of  East  Indiamen. 

On  his  arrival  in  England,  the  Hon.  Court  of  Directors  of 
the  East  India  Company  presented  Captain  Hollis  with  a  va- 
luable piece  of  plate.  His  advancement  to  post  rank  was 
confirmed  by  the  Admiralty  Feb.  5,  1798 ;  and  the  Vindictive, 
owing  to  her  bad  condition,  was  paid  off  May  4th  following. 
From  this  latter  date  We  find  no  mention  of  our  officer  until 
June  8th,  1801,  when  he  obtained  the  command  of  the 
Thames,  a  32-gun  frigate,  in  which  he  performed  a  most  es- 
sential service  on  the  13th  of  the  following  month,  by  heaving 
off  from  the  shoals  of  Conil,  and  with  great  exertions  towing 
into  Gibraltar  the  Venerable  74,  commanded  by  the  late  gallant 
Sir  Samuel  Hood,  who,  when  eagerly  pursuing  the  French 
ship  Formidable,  forming  part  of  the  combined  squadrons  at- 
tacked by  Sir  James  Saumarez  in  the  Gut  on  the  preceding 
night,  had  unfortunately  grounded,  and  lost  all  his  masts  *. 

Sir  James  Saumarez,  in  his  official  despatch  relative  to  the 

*  See  Vol.  I.  p.  191 ;  and  at  p.  187,  line  9  from  the  bottom,  for  Wi{- 
ilum  Lttftft  substitute  Aithe vt  Pa/arti  Hellit. 


120  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1798. 

above  action,  makes  particular  mention  of  Captain  Hollis  ;  and 
the  commander  of  the  Venerable,  when  writing  to  the  Rear- 
Admiral,  three  days  after  the  action  says,  "  it  was  only  by 
the  great  exertion  of  the  Thames,  with  the  boats  you  sent 
me,  the  Venerable  was  saved,  after  being  on  shore  some 

time" 

Shortly  after  this  event,  Captain  Hollis,  in  company  with 
the  Hon.  Captain  Dundas  of  the  Calpe  sloop  of  war,  destroyed 
a  number  of  the  enemy's  coasters  in  the  bay  of  Estapona  j 
and  on  the  21st  Sept.  following,  the  boats  of  the  Thames 
boarded  and  carried  a  Spanish  privateer,  carrying  2  four- 
pounders,  2  brass  swivels,  and  31  men.  From  this  period 
Captain  Hollis  was  employed  on  the  coast  of  Egypt,  and  va- 
rious other  services  in  the  Mediterranean,  until  the  peace  of 
Amiens,  when  he  returned  to  England.  The  Thames  was 
paid  off  Jan.  15,1803. 

In  the  ensuing  autumn,  our  officer  commissioned  the  Mer- 
maid of  32  guns  j  and  after  cruising  for  some  time  in  the 
Channel,  escorted  a  fleet  of  merchantmen  to  the  West  Indies. 
In  Oct.  1804,  he  was  sent  by  Sir  John  T.  Duckworth,  the 
command er-in-chief  at  Jamaica,  to  reconnoitre  the  harbour 
and  arsenal  of  the  Havannah  ;  and  on  the  16th  of  the  follow- 
ing month,  whilst  lying  there  and  preparing  to  entertain  the 
Spanish  officers  at  that  place,  he  received  information  which 
induced  him  to  believe  hostilities  with  Spain  were  about  to 
commence  in  Europe,  and  that  it  was  most  probable  the 
government  of  Cuba  were  already  in  possession  of  similar  in- 
formation. In  this  situation,  prompt  measures  only  could 
save  the  Mermaid  from  detention,  and  he  immediately  deter- 
mined to  cut  and  run  out  with  the  land  breeze ;  but  to  his 
mortification  the  night  was  perfectly  calm.  The  ship,  how- 
ever, was  unmoored  without  causing  any  alarm,  and  at  day- 
break, whilst  the  public  authorities  were  deliberating  on  the 
propriety  of  detaining  her,  she  warped  out  clear  of  the  bat- 
teries. 

There  being  at  this  time  some  valuable  English  merchant 
vessels  in  the  Havannah,  Captain  Hollis  lost  no  time  in  ap- 
prising them  of  their  situation,  and  rendering  them  every 
assistance  in  his  power  to  avoid  the  threatened  danger.  The 
Mermaid  remained  off  the  port  three  or  four  days,  and  in  that 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1798.  121 

time  her  boats  brought  out  several  vessels  which  she  after- 
wards convoyed  through  the  Gulf;  and  thus  was  saved,  through 
the  promptitude  and  exertions  of  Captain  Hollis,  property  to 
a  considerable  amount,  which  would  otherwise  have  been 
confiscated  *, 

The  Mermaid  was  subsequently  employed  blockading  some 
French  ships  in  the  Chesapeake,  and  affording  protection  to 
the  British  trade  between  Nova  Scotia  and  the  West  Indies  ; 
but  being  at  length  found  defective,  was  ordered  to  England 
with  a  homeward  bound  fleet,  and  on  the  20th  Aug.  1807> 
put  out  of  commission. 

Captain  Hollis's  next  appointment  was,  March  16,  1809, 
to  the  Standard  64,  forming  part  of  the  Baltic  fleet  under  Sir 
James  Saumarez,  by  whom  he  was  entrusted  with  the  com- 
mand of  a  small  squadron  sent  to  reduce  the  Danish  island  of 
Anholt ;  which  service  was  most  ably  effected  by  a  strong 
detachment  of  seamen  and  marines  landed  with  their  respec- 
tive officers,  under  the  cover  of  the  ships  composing  the 
squadron  f.  The  garrison,  consisting  of  170  men,  surren- 
dered at  discretion.  On  our  side  only  1  man  was  killed 
and  2  wounded. 

This  island,  although  of  no. intrinsic  value,  proved  of  great 
importance  to  the  British,  as  from  its  situation  near  the  en- 
trances of  the  Baltic  sea,  and  the  refuge  it  afforded  to  the 
enemy's  gun-boats  and  privateers,  the  safety  of  our  valuable 
East  country  trade  could  never  be  relied  on  whilst  it  remained 
in  the  possession  of  Denmark.  The  utility  of  its  capture  may 
be  inferred  from  the  circumstance  of  Captain  Hollis  having 
afterwards  passed  through  the  Belt,  at  different  times,  with 
upwards  of  two  thousand  sail  under  his  protection,  going  to 
and  returning  from  the  Baltic. 

Early  in  1811,  the  Standard  was  ordered  to  convoy  a  fleet 

*  A  few  days  after  the  performance  of  the  above-important  service, 
certain  intelligence  was  received  in  the  West  Indies  of  a  British  squadron 
having  attacked  four  Spanish  frigates  laden  with  treasure,  of  which  three 
were  captured  and  one  blown  up,  on  the  5th  of  the  preceding  month, 
just  six  weeks  prior  to  Captain  Hollis's  departure  from  the  Havannah. 
See  Vol.  I,  p.  536. 

f  Standard  64,  Captain  Hollis ;  Owen  Glendower  frigate,  Captain 
Selby;  Ranger,  Rose,  and  Avenger  sloops,  Captains  Acklom,  Mansel, 
and  White ;  and  Snipe  gun-brig,  Lieutenant  Champion. 


122  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1/98. 

of  merchantmen  to  Lisbon  and  Cadiz,  and  to  join  the  squa- 
dron employed  in  the  defence  of  the  latter  place,  at  that  time 
invested  by  a  division  of  the  French  army.  On  the  16th 
April,  in  the  same  year,  he  was  removed  into  the  Achille  of 
80  guns,  and  attached  to  the  fleet  blockading  Toulon.  He 
subsequently  visited  Malta,  from  thence  went  to  the  pro- 
tection of  Sicily,  and  was  ultimately  ordered  to  the  Adri- 
atic, where  he  continued  about  eighteen  months,  during 
which  time  he  was  employed  blockading  the  French  and 
Venetian  squadrons  at  Venice,  consisting  of  three  line-of-bat- 
tle  ships  and  a  frigate  ready  for  sea,  and  several  of  each  class 
fitting  in  the  arsenal.  The  Achille  being  in  want  of  repair, 
was  obliged  to  return  to  England  in  the  summer  of  1813,  on 
which  occasion  Captain  Hollis  escorted  home  the  Mediter- 
rancan  trade. 

After  refitting  his  ship,  and  commanding  the  blockade  of 
Cherbourgh  far  some  time,  our  officer,  in  the  month  of  May 
1814,  wae  ordered  to  take  charge  of  some  outward  bound 
East  India  ships,  and  other  vessels  bound  round  Cape  Horn, 
which  he  saw  in  safety  to  a  certain  latitude ;  when  he  detached 
them  to  their  different  destinations,  and  proceeded  himself  to 
reinforce  Vice  Admiral  Dixon  at  Rio  Janeiro.    On  bis  return 
from  South  America,  in  company  with  the  squadron,  in  the 
autumn  of  1815,  the  Achille  was  put  out  of  commission,  and 
he  remained  on  half-pay  until  Sept.  17,  1816,  when  he  ob- 
tained the  command  of  the  Ilivoli  74,  stationed  at  Portsmouth, 
in  which  ship  he  continued  till  Feb.  18,  1817,  when  she  was 
also  paid  off,  in  consequence  of  a  farther  reduction  of  the 
naval  force  taking  place  at  that  period.     On  the  llth  Sept. 
1818,  he  commissioned  the  Ramillies,  another  third  rate, 
which  he  commanded  nearly  three  years,  occasionally  hoist- 
hig  a  broad  pendant  as  senior  officer  at  Portsmouth,  during 
the  occasional  absence,  and  after  the  demise,  of  Sir  George 
Campbell,  the  commander-in-chief  on  that  station,     in  1819 
and  1820,   when  his  present  Majesty  visited   Portsmouth, 
Captain  Hollis  had  the  honor  of  dining  with  his  royal  master, 
on  the  day  of  whose  coronation  he  was  nominated  to  one  of 
the  vacant  Colonelcies  of  Royal  Marines. 

Otir  officer's  youngest  sister  is  married  to  Captain  George 
M'Kmley,  of  the  Royal  Hospital  at  Greenwich. 

Agent. — John  Chippendale,  Esq. 


POST-CAPTAfNS  OF  1/98.  123 

SIR  HENRY  HEATHCOTE,  KNT. 

THIS  officer,  a  younger  son  of  Sir  William  Heathcote,  Baft., 
of  Hursley  in  Hampshire,  and  formerly  M.  P.  for  that 
county,  by  Frances,  daughter  and  co-heiress  of  John  Thorpe, 
of  Embley,  Hants.,  Esq.,  is  descended  from  Samuel,  third 
son  of  Gilbert  Heathcote,  of  Chesterfield,  co.  Derby,  Esq. 
who  in  the  early  part  of  his  life  went  to  Dantzic,  where  he 
acquired  a  considerable  fortune  with  an  unsullied  character. 
He  returned  to  England,  and  enjoyed  the  esteem  of  all  who 
knew  him,  being  a  man  of  uncommon  understanding,  great 
commercial  knowledge,  and  unquestionable  integrity :  he  had 
the  honor  of  being  the  intimate  friend  of  the  celebrated  John 
Locke,  who  consulted  with,  and  had  much  valuable  assist- 
ance from  him,  in  that  useful  undertaking,  the  regulation  of 
the  coin  of  Great  Britain,  as  well  as  in  several  other  public 

affairs. 

• 

Ml-.  Henry  Heathcote  was  born  in  1777;  and  early  in  the 
French  revolutionary  war,  we  find  him  serving  as  a  Midship- 
man on  board  the  Proserpine  frigate,  in  the  West  Indies.  He 
commanded  the  Alliance  store-ship,  on  the  Mediterranean 
station,  in  1797  5  obtained  post-rank,  Feb.  5,  1798 ;  and,  in 
the  course  of  the  same  year,  brought  home  the  Romulus  of 
36  guns.  From  this  period  we  lose  sight  of  him,  until  the 
renewal  of  hostilities  in  1803,  when  he  was  appointed  to  the 
Galatea  frigate.  In  Feb.,  1804,  he  escorted  a  fleet  of  mer- 
chantmen to  the  West  Indies  ;  and  on  the  14th  Aug.  fol- 
lowing, made  an  unsuccessful  attempt  to  cut  out  the  General 
Ernouf,  a  French  privateer,  formerly  the  British  sloop  of  war 
Lilly,  lying  at  the  Saintes  near  Guadaloupe,  The  party  sent 
on  this  enterprise,  consisted  of  about  90  officers  and  men,  no 
less  than  65  of  whom  were  either  killed  or  wounded,  includ- 
ing among  the  former  their  gallant  leader,  Mr.  Charles  Hay- 
man,  first  Lieutenant  of  the  Galatea. 

Captain  Heathcote  was  subsequently  appointed  in  succes- 
sion to  la  Desrree  frigate,  and  the  Lion  of  64  guns.  On  the 
30th  Aug.,  1811,  he  was  tried  by  a  court-martial  at  Batavia, 
for  a  breach  of  the  27th  article  of  war  *,  and  for  disobedience 

*  No  person  shall  sleep  upon  his  watch,  o'r  negligently  perform  his 
duty,  or  forsake  his  station,  upon  pain  of  death,  or  such  punishment  as  a 
court-martial  shall  think  fit  to  inflict. 


124  POrfT-CAPTAINS  OF  1798. 

of  orders  given  by  the  late  Vice- Admiral  Drury  *,  and  sub- 
sequently confirmed  by  Commodore  Broughton ;    also,,  for 
neglecting  his  duty,  in   not  attending  to  the  request  of  the 
Bombay  government,  to  afford  convoy  to   the  China  fleet. 
It  appears,  by  Vice-Admiral  Drury's  orders,  that  Captain 
Heathcote  was  directed  to  take  charge  of  the  western  coasts 
and  ports  of  India,  from  Cape  Comorin  to  the  bottom  of  the 
Persian  Gulph,    acting  according  to  circumstances,  for  the 
preservation  of  the  trade,  and  the  general  good  of  his  Ma^ 
jesty's  service.    Whilst  Captain  Heathcote  was  at  Bombay, 
in  June  1811,  the  Hussar  frigate  arrived  there  from  England 
with  despatches.     Captain  Heathcote,  knowing  the  impossi- 
bility of  his  receiving  any  orders  from  Commodore  Brough- 
ton, (who  was  then  on  his  passage  to  Java,)  that  might  arise 
out  of  these  despatches,  in  less  than  three  months,  antici- 
pating the  detriment  that  might  accrue  to  the  service  from 
his  ignorance  of  them,  and  the  peculiar  nature  of  the  opera- 
tions then  going  on  against  Java ;  he,  from  these  considera- 
tions, opened  the  despatches,  that  he  might  issue  the  neces- 
sary instructions  to  all  whom  they  might  concern,  and  act  in 
conformity  thereto  himself,  should  circumstances  require  it. 
The  despatches  disclosed  the  belief,  that  eighteen  French  fri- 
gates and  from  3  to  4,000  French  troops,  might  reasonably  be 
expected  to  be  on  their  way  to  Java,  for  the  purpose  of  defeat- 
ing any  attack  on  that  settlement ;  and  that  they  might  arrive 
there  before  Commodore   Broughton.       Further,    the   des- 
patches earnestly  expressed  to  the  commander-in-chief  in 
India,  the  conviction  of  the  Lords  of  the  Admiralty  of  the 
great  importance  of  the  conquest  of  Java,  to  the  country  at 
large;  and  particularly  to  the  interests  of  the  Hon.   East 
India  Company,   whose  trade  would,  unless  the   kingdom 
maintained  a  very  large,  and  consequently  expensive  force  in 
India,  be  in  a  fair  way  of  annihilation,  by  the  enemy  retaining 
possession  of  that  island,  and  commanding  the  eastern  straits, 
which,  as  their  Lordships  observed,  are  the  key  of  the  China 
sea,  whence  the  Hon.  Company  derive  their  most  lucrative 
resources.     Captain  Heathcote,  upon  possessing  himself  of 
this  information,  instantly  proceeded  for  Java,  to  put  Com- 
modore Broughton  in  possession  of  the  despatches;  who, 
•  Vice-Admiral  William  O'Bryen  Drury  died  at  Madras,.March  6, 181 L 


POST- C APTAINS  X>F   1798.  125 

thereupon,  being  dissatisfied  with  Captain  Heathcote's  pro- 
ceedings, requested  Rear-Admiral  Stopford  would  cause  an 
enquiry  to  be  made  into  his  conduct.  The  Court,  having 
heard  what  Captain  Heathcote  had  to  offer  in  justification  of 
his  conduct,  agreed,  that  the  two  first  charges  were  proved  ; 
but  that  in  consideration  of  the  motives,  which  led  him  to 
deviate  from  the  orders  he  had  received,  and  which  appeared 
to  have  arisen  from  a  zeal  for  the  good  of  his  Majesty's  ser- 
vice, they  deemed  them  of  such  a  nature  as  to  justify  his 
conduct  in  the  present  instance.  The  charge  of  not  afford- 
ing convoy  to  the  China  ships,  was  not  proved ;  and  the 
Court  did  therefore  adjudge  Captain  Heathcote  to  be  acquit- 
ed.  We  regret  that  our  limits  will  not  allow  us  to  present 
OUT  readers  with  the  excellent  defence  made  by  Captain 
Heathcote.  It  will  be  found  at  length  in  the  Nav.  Chron. 
vol.  27,  p.  492,  et  seg* 

In  the  following  year,  Captain  Heathcote  was  appointed  to 
the  Scipion,  of  74  guns,  which  ship  he  commanded  on  the 
Mediterranean  station,  at  the  close  of  the  war.  He  received 
the  honor  of  knighthood,  July  20,  1819.  His  brother  Gilbert 
is  a  Captain,  and  one  of  his  sons  a  Midshipman,  R.  N. 

Agent. — J.  Copland,  Esq. 


ANDREW  FITZHERBERT  EVANS,  ESQ. 
THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant,  Dec.  1,  1787 ;  and 
on  the  4th  May,  1796,  when  commanding  the  Spencer  sloop 
of  war,  captured,  after  a  brisk  action  off  Bermuda,  la  Volcan, 
a  French  corvette  of  12  guns,  pierced  for  16,  and  95  men. 
His  post  commission  bears  date  April  15,  1798 ;  and  from  that 
period  until  the  peace  of  1801,  he  commanded  the  Porcupine 
of  24  guns,  on  the  Hah" fax  and  Jamaica  stations.  We  sub- 
sequently find  him  in  the  ^Eolus  frigate,  and  Vanguard  74, 
employed  in  the  blockade  of  St.  Domingo,  and  various  other 
services.  Towards  the  close  of  1810,  he  was  removed  from 
the  superintendence  of  the  Stapleton  depot  for  prisoners  of 
war,  to  be  a  resident  Commissioner  of  the  Navy  at  Bermuda, 
where  he  had  a  broad  pendant  flying  on  board  the  Ruby  64, 
in  1816  and  1817. 

Agent. — John  Chippendale,  Esq. 


126  POST-CAPTAINS  o»  1/98. 

SIR  EDWARD  WILLIAM   CAMPBELL   RICH 

OWEN, 

Knight  Commander  of  the  most  honorable  Military  Order  of  the  Bath; 

Commodore,  and  Commander-in-Chief  on  the  West  India  station. 

THIS  officer  is  the  son  of  a  Captain,  R.  N.,  who  lost  an 
arm  in  the  service  of  his  country.  We  truly  regret  that  the 
Commodore's  absence  on  a  foreign  station  prevents  us  from 
applying  for  the  necessary  memoramla,  wherewith  to  frame  a 
correct  memoir  of  so  distinguished  an  officer :  we  shall,  how- 
ever, endeavour  to  do  justice  to  his  merits,  at  least  as  far  as 
the  materials  in  our  possession  will  enable  us. 

He  was  educated  at  Chelsea ;  made  a  Lieutenant  in  1793 ; 
and  advanced  to  the  rank  of  Post- Captain,  April  23,  1798. 
In  the  course  of  the  same  year,  if  we  mistake  not,  he  com- 
manded the  Northumberland  74,  in  the  Chanael  and  Medi- 
terranean ;  and  in  1801,  the  Nemesis  of  28  guns,  on  the  North 
Sea  station.  His  next  appointment  wa&  ta  I'lmmortalite  fri- 
gate, about  May,  1802 ;  and,  soon  after  the  renewal  of  the 
war,  we  find  that  ship,  in  company  with  the  Julousc  and 
Cruiser  sloops  of  war,  driving  le  Commode  and  1'Inabordable, 
a  French  brig  and  schooner,  each  mounting  4  guns,  on  shore 
near  Cape  Blanc  Nez,  where  they  were  taken  possession  of 
by  the  boats  of  the  squadron,  under  a  heavy  fire  from  the 
enemy's  batteries. 

The  only  operation  of  any  consequence,  at  all  connected 
with  the  navy,  that  occurred  on  the  home  station  during  the 
year  1803,  was  the  bombardment  of  Granville,  Dieppe,  and 
St.  Valery  en  Caux  ;  the  two  latter  places,  by  a  small  force 
under  the  orders  of  Captain  Owen,  hut  without  any  material 
effect.  There  was,  however,  not  the  slightest  blame  to  be 
attributed  to  any  person  engaged ;  on  the  contrary,  it  evinced 
the  spirit  of  the  officers  and  men  of  the  British  ships,  and 
drew  forth  applause  and  approbation  on  their  respective 
commanders.  The  following  is  a  copy  of  Captain  Owen's 
report  to  Lord  Keith,  dated  Sept.  14. 

"  In  obedience  to  the  orders  of  Rear-Admiral  Montagu,  I,  at  eight 

o'clock  this  morning,  in  company  with  the  Perseus  and  Explosion  bombs, 

commenced  an  attack  on  the  batteries  which  protect  the  town  of  Dieppe, 

and  vessels  building  there,  in  number  seventeen. 

"  The  firing  was  continued  on  both  sides  till  past  eleven,  when  the  lee- 


POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1793. 

tide  making  strong,  and  the  town  having  taken  fire  badly  in  one  place,  and 
slightly  in  two  others,  I  caused  the  bombs  to  weigh,  and  proceeded  with 
them  off  St.  Valery  en  Caux,  where  they  are  constructing  six  vessels  ;  and 
nt  3  P.  M.  opened  our  fire  on  that  place  for  an  hour.  The  enemy  was  for 
the  most  part  driven  from  their  batteries,  the  inhabitants  flying  to  the 
country,  and  judging  from  the  direction  in  which  many  of  the  shells  burst, 
they  must  have  suffered  much. 

"  On  a  service  of  this  nature,  we  eaquot  expect  to  escape  unhurt :  I  have, 
however,  pleasure  in  reporting,  that,  although  the  enemy's  fire,  espe- 
cially from  Dieppe,  which  is  very  strong  in  batteries,  was  heavy  and  well- 
directed,  and  many  of  their  shot  took  effect,  our  loss  has  been  but  small. 
The  Perseus  has  one  man  missing,  and  the  serjeant  of  artillery  is  wounded. 
The  boatswain  of  this  ship  and  three  seamen  were  bruised  by  splinters,  but 
did  not  leave  their  quarters  :  the  other  damage,  but  that  not  material,  is 
confined  chiefly  to  the  rigging. 

«  The  manner  of  executing  my  instructions,  and  the  judgment  shewn  in 
placing  and  managing  the  bomb-vessels,  entitle  Captains  Methuist  and  Paul 
to  my  best  and  warmest  thanks;  their  conduct  has  been  every  thing  I 
could  wish :  and  they  speak  highly  of  the  officers  and  detachments  of  the 
royal  artillery  embarked  with  them,  as  well  as  of  the  officers  and  men  of 
their  respective  crews.  My  opinion  of  the  first  Lieutenant  of  this  ship, 
C.  F.  Payne,  is  already  known  to  your  Lordship  j  and  his  conduct  this  day, 
as  well  as  that  of  the  other  Lieutenants,  officers,  and  men,  without  excep- 
tion, has  fully  justified  the  reports  I  hare  made  to  your  Lordship  concern- 
ing them  on  former  occasions." 

From  this  period,  Captain  Owen  kept  the  French  coast  in 
a  continual  state  of  alarm  j  and  1'Immortalite  was  well 
known  to  the  inhabitants  for  the  daring  manner  in  which,  in 
spite  of  banks  and  batteries,  she  approached  their  shores. 
The  next  official  report  we  find  of  his  proceedings,  was  made 
to  Rear-Admiral  Louis,  July  20,  1804,  and  couched  in  the 
following  terms : — 

"  The  wind  yesterday  set  in  strong  from  the  N.  E.  by  N.,  and  made  so 
much  sea  that  the  enemy's  vessels  hi  the  road  of  Boulogne  became  very  un- 
easy ;  and  about  8  P.  M.  the  leewardmost  brigs  began  to  get  under  weigh, 
and  work  to  windward  ;  whilst  some  of  the  luggers  ran  down  apparently 
for  Staples :  their  force  was  then  forty-five  brigs  and  forty-three  luggers. 
I  made  a  signal  to  look  out.  OB  these  vessels,  which  was  immediately 
ol>eyed  by  the  Harpy,  Bloodhound,  and  Archer,  who  closed  with  them, 
giving  their  fire  to  such  as  attempted  to  stand  off  from  the  land.  The 
Autumn  was  at  this  time  getting  under  weigh,  and  lost  no  time  in  giving 
her  suppoF  t  to  the  vessels-  already  on  this  service,  and  continued1  with  them 
during  the  whole  weather  tide,  firing  from  time  to  time  on  such  of  the 
enemy's  vessels  as  gave  them  opportunity.  At  day-light  thiki  morning, 
there  were  nineteen  brigs  ajud  eight  luggers  only  remaining  in  the  bay  ;  and 
about  six  o'clock  these  began  to  slip  single,  and  run  to  the  southward  for 


128  POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1/98. 

Etaples,  or  the  river  Soraine,  the  Autumn  and  brigs  being  then  too  far  to 
leeward  to  give  them  any  interruption.  As  soon  as  the  tide  permitted 
this  ship  and  the  Leda  to  weigh,  we  stood  in  for  Boulogne,  when  I  per- 
ceived that  a  brig,  a  lugger,  and  several  large  boats,  were  stranded  on  the 
beach  west  of  the  harbour  :  the  enemy  were  shipping  and  endeavouring  to 
save  from  them  what  they  could,  but  I  have  not  a  doubt  the  running  tide 
would  complete  their  destruction.  Three  other  brigs  and  a  lugger  were  on 
the  rocks  near  the  village  of  Porte"e,  totally  destroyed.  A  brig  and  two 
luggers  remained  at  anchor  close  to  the  rocks,  with  wafts  up,  and  the  people 
huddled  together  abaft;  the  brig  had  lost  her  top-masts  and  lower  yards, 
and  one  of  the  luggers  the  head  of  her  main-mast ;  the  sea  was  making  a 
perfect  breach  over  them,  and  if  the  gale  continues  her  situation  is  hope- 
less. 

"  The  merits  of  Captains  Jackson  and  Heywood,  as  well  as  those  of 
Lieutenants  Richardson  and  Price,  are  so  well  known  to  you,  that  I  need 
only  say,  they  acted  with  the  same  decisive  promptness  they  have  always 
shewn ;  and  though  the  night  prevented  my  seeing  all  that  passed,  there 
cannot  be  a  doubt  but  their  well-timed  attack  caused  the  enemy's  confusion, 
and  occasioned  much  of  their  loss,  which,  taking  every  circumstance  into 
consideration,  is  I  doubt  not,  far  beyond  what  fell  within  our  observation. 
I  have  not  yet  been  able  to  collect  the  reports  of  these  officers,  but  will 
forward  them  the  moment  they  join  me." 

In  the  French  version  of  this  affair,,  no  mention  is  made  of 
the  presence  of  the  British.  All  is  ascribed  to  the  fury  of  the 
gale,  which  did,  indeed,  play  havoc  among  the  enemy's  flotilla. 
The  exact  number  of  gun-vessels  that  foundered,  or  were 
stranded,  is  not  stated  j  but  the  account  admits,  that  upwards 
of  400  soldiers  went  down  in  the  former,  and  that  a  great  many 
perished  with  the  latter.  Napoleon  Buonaparte  was  a  spec- 
tator of  the  scene,  and,  if  we  are  to  credit  the  French  writers, 
evinced  much  sensibility  on  the  occasion.  He,  no  doubt, 
was  taught  a  lesson  by  the  disaster :  seeing  that  the  British 
cruisers  were  not  all  he  had  to  fear,  in  his  attempt  to  invade 
Great  Britain. 

Boulogne  being  the  head-quarters  of  the  grand  armament 
preparing  for  that  purpose,  occupied  a  due  share  of  our  at- 
tention. The  British  squadron  that  cruised  off  that  place  in 
August,  1804,  was  under  the  orders  of  Rear-Admiral  Louis, 
whose  flag  was  flying  on  board  the  Leopard  of  50  guns. 
The  main  body  usually  lay  at  anchor,  in  fifteen  fathoms  water, 
about  ten  miles  N.  W.  of  the  port ;  and  a  division  of  five  or 
six  vessels,  commanded  by  Captain  Owen,  generally  cruised 
just  out  of  the  range  of  the  enemy's  shells,  which  were  fired 


POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1J98.  129 

from  mortars  brought  down  to  the  beach  during  the  ebbing  of 
the  tide.  On  the  25th  of  that  month,  an  unusual  degree  of 
bustle  prevailed  in  the  road  of  Boulogne,  which  then  con- 
tained no  less  than  one  hundred  and  forty- six  armed  vessels 
of  different  descriptions.  At  lh  45'  P.  M.  a  division  of  this 
flotilla  got  under  weigh,  and  worked  up  towards  Pointe  Bombe, 
where  the  Cruiser,  an  18-gun  brig,  lay  at  anchor.  This 
was  probably  done  to  amuse  Buonaparte,  who  nine  days 
previously,  had  presided  at  the  grand  ceremony  of  distributing 
to  his  troops  encamped  at  Boulogne  and  Montreuil,  the  cross 
of  the  Legion  of  Honor.  In  a  short  time  a  firing  commenced 
between  the  parties,  and  soon  brought  Captain  Owen  to  the 
spot ;  who,  at  about  2h  30'  opened  his  broadside  at  the  gun- 
vessels,  and  received  in  return  a  heavy  fire  from  the  batteries 
on  the  edge  of  the  cliff.  One  shot  only  struck  the  Immorta- 
lite,  and  did  no  great  injury.  It  now  became  necessary  to  . 
haul  further  from  the  shore  ;  and  having  done  so,  he  hove-to 
about  three  miles  in  the  offing.  On  the  following  day,  a  se- 
cond division  of  gun  and  mortar- vessels  weighed,  and,  joining 
their  friends  between  Vimereux  and  Ambleteuse,  formed  a 
total  of  sixty  brigs  and  more  than  thirty  luggers.  Napoleon 
himself,  it  appears,  was  at  this  time  in  the  road  in  his  barge, 
attended  by  two  of  his  Generals  and  Admiral  Bruix.  At  4 
P.  M.,  the  Immortalite,  Harpy  sloop  of  war,  Adder  gun-brig, 
and  Constitution  cutter,  made  sail  towards  the  flotilla,  and  in 
a  quarter  of  an  hour  afterwards  opened  their  fire ;  but  the 
gun-vessels  kept  near  the  shore,  purposely  to  draw  the  British 
within  reach  of  the  land  batteries.  There  was  no  withstand- 
ing the  temptation ;  and  Captain  Owen,  with  his  three  com- 
panions, tacked  and  stood  in,  within  three  quarters  of  a  mile 
of  the  batteries,  which  kept  up  an  incessant  fire.  As  if  that 
were  not  enough  to  preserve  the  gun- vessels  from  capture, 
the  greater  part  of  those  in  the  road  weighed  and  proceeded 
to  their  assistance.  At  about  5  o'clock,  a  shell  fell  into  and 
sunk  the  Constitution,  but  without  injuring  the  crew,  all  of 
whom  were  picked  up  by  the  boats  of  their  friends.  This 
little  vessel  had  been  setting  a  noble  example,  both  by  the 
boldness  of  her  advance  and  the  skilful  manner  in  which  she 
plied  her  small  artillery.  A  shell  also  fell  on  board  the  Har- 
py, and  killed  one  of  her  crew,  but  did  not  explode.  The  Im- 

VOL.  II.  K 


130  POST-CAPTAINS    OF 

mortalite  was  twice  struck  by  shot  in  the  hull,  and  had  4 
men  slightly  wounded.  The  British  squadron  now  hauled  off, 
whilst  some  of  the  French  vessels  were  compelled  to  run  on 
shore  on  account  of  the  shot-holes  in  their  hulls  ;  and  the  re- 
mainder bore  up  for  the  road  of  Boulogne.  On  the  two  suc- 
ceeding days  some  slight  skirmishes  took  place,  but  nothing 
decisive  could  be  effected  on  account  of  the  batteries ;  nor  was 
any  injury  done  to  Captain  Owen's  division,  beyond  a  wound 
in  the  Cruiser's  bowsprit. 

We  have  dwelt  thus  long  on  events  which  to  some  of  our 
readers  may  appear  too  trivial  to  require  so  minute  a  detail ; 
but  let  it  be  remembered,  that  they  had  the  salutary  effect  of 
teaching  the  French  despot  what  the  gales  of  the  British 
Channel,  and  our  cruisers,  would  do  with  his  flotilla,  if  it  fell 
in  the  way  of  either. 

On  the  23d  Oct.  following,  Captain  Owen  being  off  Cape 
Grisnez,  about  3h  30'  P.  M.  discovered  three  praams,  seven 
brigs,  and  fifteen  luggers,  which  soon  after  bore  up  to  the  west- 
•ward,  keeping  close  to  the  beach,  under  cover  of  their  bat- 
teries, and  accompanied  by  horse  artillery,  making  the  best 
of  their  way  to  shelter  themselves  within  the  Bane  de  Laine. 
By  making  all  sail  to  windward  he  was  enabled  to  close  the 
praams  about  a  quarter  before  five,  and  to  open  his  fire  upon 
them  within  the  distance  of  grape-shot,  under  the  high  land 
of  Cape  Blanc  Nez,  the  Orestes  sloop  and  Basilisk  gun-brig 
joining  in  the  attack,  the  enemy  still  pushing  to  the  westward, 
and  returning  at  first  a  brisk  fire,  but  it  latterly  slackened 
much.     This  running  fight  continued  till  near  six  o'clock, 
when,  having  been  thrice  obliged  to  sheer  out  into  deeper  wa- 
ter, Captain  Owen  found  himself  still  within  the  end  of  the 
Bane  de  Laine,  where  the  falling  tide  prevented  him  from  foj- 
lowing  them,  and  obliged  him  to  haul  off,  with  the  loss  of  1 
man  slain,  and  a  Lieutenant  and  10  men  wounded,  3  of  whom 
died  soon  after.    Captain  Owen,  in  his  letter  to  the  Rear- Ad- 
miral, says,  "  from  the  manner  in  which  our  grape-shot  co- 
vered the  enemy's  vessels,  their  loss  in  men  must  have  been 
very  great — I  never  saw  guns  pointed  better,  or  so  coolly." 
Early  in  the  ensuing  year  the  Immortalite  captured  El  Entre- 
preda  Conine,  a  Spanish  privateer,  of  14  guns  and  66  men. 
The  following  letter,  which  never  appeared  in  the  London 


POST-CAPTAINS    OP    1798.  131 

Gazette,  records  the  particulars  of  an  action  with  a  part  of 
the  Boulogne  flotilla  on  the  18th  July  1805. 

"  Sir, — In  consequence  of  the  information  brought  me  by  the  Bruizer, 
which  I  had  the  honor  to  communicate  to  you  this  morning,  I  moved,  with 
the  detachment  under  my  orders,  to  windward  of  Cape  Gregory,  in  readi- 
ness for  attacking  the  enemy's  vessels,  should  they  give  opportunity,  by 
pursuing  their  course  towards  Boulogne. 

"  About  half  past  three  I  perceived  their  flotilla  steering  along  shore  :  our 
Calais  squadron  was  then  standing  for  them,  and  opened  their  fire  about 
4h  30'  P.  M.  abreast  of  Cape  Blanc  Nez.  The  force  of  the  enemy  con- 
sisted of  three  praam  ships  under  French,  and  twenty-two  large  schooners 
under  Dutch  colours.  These  latter  had  drawn  themselves  into  a  line,  and 
were  about  half-a-mile  a-hcad  of  the  praams.  I  therefore  made  a  signal 
for  the  brigs  of  my  detachment  to  attack  this  part  of  their  force,  which 
was  done  about  five  o'clock,  most  handsomely,  by  the  Watchful,  Pincher, 
Sparkler,  and  Arab  ;  Captain  Maxwell  of  the  latter  pushing  in-shore  with 
the  brigs,  whilst  he  found  water  barely  sufficient  to  keep  his  ship  afloat. 
They  were  also  joined  by  the  Jackall,  and  two  other  brigs  of  the  Calais 
squadron,  whose  names  I  do  not  know,  which  were  previously  engaged 
\vith  them ;  and  the  other  brigs  of  my  detachment  pushed  in  as  they  came 
up  from  to  leeward. 

"The  junction  of  the  Calais  squadron  fibout  this  time  brought  our  ships, 
of  which  a  great  number  had  collected,  very  close  together;  and  as  we  had 
already  a  force  fully  sufficient  engaged  with  the  enemy,  I  hauled  out, 
making  the  signal  for  open  order,  and  calling  off  the  Hebe,  Utile,  and  Di- 
Kgence;  at  the  same  time  directing  the  brigs  to  chase  and  engage  the 
enemy  close.  In  consequence  of  this  signal,  the  Arab  and  gun-brigs 
pressed  close  upon  the  enemy's  schooners.  In  passing  Cape  Grisnez, 
three  of  them  had  already  grounded,  and  struck  on  the  Bane  de  Laine. 
Two  others  ran  ashore  between  Cape  Grisnez  and  St.  John,  to  keep  them- 
selves from  sinking ;  and  several  others  seemed  cut  up  in  their  rigging,  and 
thrown  into  great  confusion. 

"  The  three  praams  having  at  length  cleared  the  channel,  were  passing 
within  the  Bane.  I  stood  for  them,  and  at  half-past  six  brought  them  to  a 
tolerable  close  action,  which  continued  with  some  little  intermission,  occa- 
sioned by  the  difficulty  of  keeping  a-stern  with  them,  till  half-past  seven, 
when  we  were  abreast  of  Ambleteuse,  where  the  praams  anchored  with 
the  schooners  already  arrived.  We  were  followed  in  this  attack  by  the 
Hebe  and  Diligence,  who  availed  themselves  of  every  opportunity  to  join 
in  h.  I  cannot  particularize  the  number  of  ships  which  joined  and  occa- 
sionally fired  upon  the  enemy ;  but  the  commander  of  that  squadron  will 
of  course  make  his  report  to  Vice-Admiral  Holloway. 

"  Of  the  detachment  under  me,  I  feel  it  my  duty  to  report  my  most  per- 
fect satisfaction :  all  were  anxious  and  eager  to  seize  every  opportunity 
which  presented  itself  for  closing  with  the  enemy.  The  situation  of  Cap- 
tain Maxwell  of  the  Arab,  and  Lieutenants  Marshall  and  Aberdour,  of  the 

K    2 


132  POST-CAPTAINS    OK    1/98. 

Watchful  and  Pincher,  enabled  them  to  do  this  most  conspicuously  ;  and 
I  am  sure  with  the  greatest  effect.  Nothing  could  excel  the  Arab,  whose 
draught  of  water  made  her  closing  with  thetn  still  more  difficult. 

"  Of  the  conduct  of  Lieutenant  Marshall  on  former  occasions  I  have  had 
to  speak,  and  you,  Sir,  know  full  well  the  high  opinion  I  had  of  this  most 
estimable  officer.  It  was  his  fate  to  fall ;  and  no  one  could  fall  more  ad- 
iuired,  or  more  regretted.  I  can  say  nothing  which  will  do  justice  to  my 
feeling  of  his  merit;  his  vessel  was  still  conducted  well  by  the  Sub- 
Lieutenant. 

"  My  own  ship's  company  and  officers  acted  fully  up  to  every  good  opi- 
nion I  had  formed  of  them ;  they  were  cool  and  steady.  I  have  so  fre- 
quently spoken  of  Lieutenant  Payne's  merits,  that  it  is  needless  to  say 
more  than  that  I  had  his  assistance  :  he  and  every  officer  was  what  I  have 
always  found  them.  Mr.  Taper,  the  Master,  merits  my  warmest  approba- 
tion, for  the  coolness  and  steadiness  with  which  he  directed  the  ship's 
course  along  shore. 

"  Of  the  enemy's  loss  in  such  an  action  it  is  impossible  to  judge ;  but 
from  the  direction  of  the  shot,  and  every  thing  of  which  I  could  form  a 
supposition,  it  must  have  been  very  great.    I  have  the  honour  to  be,  Sir, 
"  Your  most  obedient  humble  Servant, 

(Signed)    "  E.  W.  C.  R.  OWEN." 
"  To  Billy  Douglas,  Esq. 

Rear-admiral  of  the  White." 

The  Immortalite  on  this  occasion  had  her  fore-mast,  main- 
top-mast, spanker-boom,  and  three  boats  shot  through ;  her 
rigging  and  sails  much  cut ;  her  hull  struck  in  several  places ; 
two  carronades  disabled ;  4  men  killed  and  12  wounded,  se- 
veral of  them  severely.  The  damages  sustained  by  her  con- 
sorts, will  be  noticed  in  the  memoirs  of  their  respective  com- 
manders or  senior  surviving  officers. 

The  decisive  trial  that  was  intended  to  have  been  made  of 
Mr.  Congreve's  rockets,  in  Nov.  1805,  having  been  thwarted 
by  the  too  advanced  season  of  the  year,  the  ensuing  winter 
was  employed  in  preparations  for  returning  to  the  charge  in 
the  spring :  but  this  attempt  was  almost  as  ill-fated  as  the 
first.  No  sooner  was  all  in  readiness  at  the  proper  season, 
than  negociations  for  peace  were  act  on  foot,  and  the  passage 
of  our  Plenipotentiary  was  counted  a  sufficient  reason  for  ta- 
citly suspending  hostilities  against  Boulogne,  and  the  sum- 
mer of  1806  was  consequently  consumed  in  the  journies  of 
messengers  ;  till  at  length,  on  the  8th  Oct.,  the  Earl  of  Lau- 
derdale  being  then  known  to  have  quitted  Paris  re  infecta, 
Captain  Owen,  who  had  some  time  before  hoisted  a  broad 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF   1798.  133 

pendant  in  the  Clyde  frigate  *,  was  tempted  not  to  lose  a  fa- 
vorable coincidence  of  wind,  weather,  and  tide,  far  from 
frequent  on  that  station  so  late  in  the  autumn.  Accordingly, 
on  the  evening  of  that  day,  boats,  armed  in  an  appropriate 
manner,  took  their  stations  in  Boulogne  Bay,  to  the  number 
of  eighteen. 

Notwithstanding  the  want  of  expertness  naturally  attend- 
ant upon  a  first  apprenticeship,  not  less  than  200  rockets  were 
discharged  in  half  an  hour  ;  and  in  about  ten  minutes  the 
town  appeared  on  fire  :  while  such  was  the  panic  on  shore, 
that  scarcely  a  shot  was  returned  from  the  batteries.  The 
nature  and  extent  of  the  mischief  could  never  be  thoroughly 
ascertained :  it  was  reported,  however,  that  some  vessels  in 
the  harbour  were  destroyed ;  and  it  is  certain  that  a  consider- 
able range  of  buildings,  apparently  barracks  or  store-houses, 
were  burnt — the  fire  could  not,  fr/>m  its  duration,  have  been 
trifling,  having  blazed  from  two  A.  M.  till  the  evening.  The 
ruins  of  eight  buildings  were  discernible  from  the  Clyde ;  and 
from  the  extreme  jealousy  with  which  Lord  Lauderdale  and 
his  retinue  were  guarded  on  passing  through  the  town  a  few 
days  afterwards,  there  is  reason  to  believe  the  ravages  were 
serious,  and  more  extensive  than  met  the  eye  on  board  Com- 
modore Owen's  squadron  f.  It  was  only  to  be  regretted  that 
the  conflagration  had  not  taken  effect  more  to  the  right, 
where  the  bulk  of  the  flotilla  lay  :  nevertheless,  the  efficiency 
of  the  weapon,  and  the  vulnerability  of  Boulogne,  were  com- 
pletely shewn ;  since  it  could  not  be  doubted  that  what  had 
destroyed  houses  of  substantial  masonry,  would  have  annihi- 
lated shipping,  crowded  together  in  a  dock,  had  it  fallen 
amongst  them  :  besides,  as  the  part  of  the  town  burnt  was 

*  Broad  pendants  were  first  ordered  to  he  worn  by  officers  commanding 
squadrons  as  Commodores,  in  the  year  1674. 

t  In  order  to  relieve  the  compunctious  visiting-s  of  such  cosmopolite  pa- 
triots as  reserve  their  philanthropic  sympathies  for  the  enemies  of  their 
country,  be  it  known,  that  the  destruction  of  the  town  formed  no  part  of 
that  project,  nor  was  it  wantonly  attempted :  but  the  precise  situation  of 
the  flotilla  basin  not  being  visible  from  the  cruising  station,  owing  to  the 
interposition  of  rising  ground  on  the  western  side  of  the  harbour,  the 
rockets  were  thrown  by  guess  in  the  dark,  rather  too  much  to  the  east- 
ward. 


134  POST-CAFfAINS    OF    1798. 

more  remote  from  the  boats  than  the  basin,  the  range  of  the 
rockets  was  also  demonstrated  beyond  a  doubt ;  and  lastly, 
the  facility  of  using  this  weapon  in  small  craft  afloat  was 
satisfactorily  proved.  The  effect  produced  by  it  at  Copen- 
hagen in  the  following  year,  produced  a  general  conviction 
of  its  powers. 

From  this  period  we  find  no  particular  mention  of  our 
officer  until  the  month  of  August  1809,  when  he  assisted  at 
the  siege  of  Flushing.  The  following  are  extracts  from  Sir 
Richard  Strachan's  despatches  to  the  Admiralty,  announcing 
the  capture  and  evacuation  of  that  place  : 

"  St.  Domingo,  Flushing  Roads,  Aug.  \7th. 

**  The  bombs  and  gun-vessels,  under  the  direction  of  Captain  Cockburn 
of  the  Belleisle,  were  moat  judiciously  placed  at  the  S.  E.  end  of  the  town  j 
and  to  the  S.  W.,  Captain  Owen  of  the  Clyde,  had,  with  equal  skill  and 
judgment,  placed  the  bomb  and  other  vessels  under  his  orders.  I  had 
much  satisfaction  in  witnessing  the  fire  that  was  kept  up  by  the  squadrons 
under  the  commands  of  these  two  officers,  and  the  precision  with  which 
the  shells  were  thrown  from  the  bombs. 

"  This  squadron  was  led  in  by  the  St.  Domingo,  bearing  my  flag,  and 
I  was  followed  by  the  Blake,  bearing  the  flag  of  Rear-Admiral  Lord 
Gardner ;  the  other  ships  advanced  in  succession.  Soon  after  we  had 
opened  our  fire,  the  wind  came  more  southerly,  and  the  St.  Domingo 
grounded  inside  of  the  Dog  Sand.  Lord  Gardner  not  knowing  our  situa- 
tion, passed  inside  of  us,  by  which  the  Biake  also  grounded.  The  other 
ships  were  immediately  directed  to  haul  off,  and  anchor  as  previously  in- 
tended. 

"  After  being  some  time  in  this  situation,  during  which  the  enemy's 
fire  slackened,  by  the  active  and  zealous  exertions  of  Captain  Owen  of  the 
Clyde,  who  came  to  our  assistance,  and  anchored  close  to  the  St.  Do- 
mingo,  she  was  got  off,  and  soon  after  I  had  the  satisfaction  of  seeing  the 
Blake  also  afloat,  and  come  to  anchor  with  the  rest  of  the  squadron." 

"  Blake,  in  Flushing  Roads,  Dec.  13, 1809. 

"  In  addition  to  my  despatch  of  this  morning,  I  have  now  to  transmit  a 
letter,  and  an  extract  of  one  I  have  just  received  from  Commodore  Owen  : 
every  time  I  hear  from  that  gallant  and  animated  officer,  I  have  fresh  cause 
to  admire-  his  conduct. 

"  I  propose,  as  soon  as  I  have  made  my  final  arrangements  at  Flushing,  to 
leave  this  command  with  Rear- Admiral  Otway,  and  proceed  to  the  Vere 
Gat,  to  communicate  with  Commodore  Owen." 

"  St.  Domingo,  in  the  Downs,  Dec.  28. 

'*  It  is  with  great  pleasure  I  inform  you  of  the  arrival  of  Commodore 
Owen  iu  the  Clyde,  who  gives  me  the  pleasing  intelligence  of  the  divisions 
under  his  command  and  that  of  Captain  Mason,  having  sailed  from  the 


( 

POST- CAPTAINS   OF  1/98.  135 

East  and  West  Scheldt,  and  are  by  this  time  at  the  mouth  of  the  Thames, 
if  not  at  the  places  .of  their  respective  destination :  I  enclose  the  Commo- 
dore's report  of  his  proceedings.  It  is  my  duty  to  draw  their  Lordships' 
attention  to  the  excellent  conduct  of  Commodore  Owen  in  the  discharge 
of  the  various  and  arduous  duties  he  had  to  perform  ;  and  I  beg,  in  the  most 
earnest  manner,  to  recommend  to  their  Lordships'  notice,  the  zeal,  brave- 
ry, and  perseverance  of  the  captains,  officers,  and  seamen,  composing  the 
flotilla  under  the  Commodore's  orders  *." 

We  next  find  Commodore  Owen  with  his  broad  pendant  on 
board  the  Inconstant  frigate,  in  the  Gulf  of  Mexico,  where 
that  dreadful  scourge  the  yellow  fever  appears  to  have  carried 
off  many  of  his  officers  and  crew,  about  the  month  of  April 
1811.  He  subsequently  commanded  the  Cornwall  of  74  guns, 
employed  in  the  North  Sea ;  and  at  the  close  of  1813,  distin- 
guished himself  by  his  exemplary  conduct  at  the  head  of  the 
Royal  Marines,  landed  from  the  British  fleet  to  co-operate  with 
the  Dutch  royalists  in  the  island  of  South  Beveland,  which 
was  soon  freed  from  the  presence  of  their  quondam  allies. 

For  some  time  after  the  termination  of  hostilities,  our 
officer  commanded  a  royal  yacht.  He  was  nominated  a 
K.  C.  B.  Jan.  2,  1815 ;  obtained  a  Colonelcy  of  Royal  Ma- 
rines, July  19,  1821 ;  and  in  Nov.  1822,  was  ordered  to  hoist 
a  broad  pendant  on  board  the  Gloucester  of  74  guns,  in  which 
ship  he  proceeded  to  the  West  Indies,  where  he  still  conti- 
nues. The  House  of  Assembly  at  Jamaica,  has  recently 
passed  a  vote  of  thanks  to  him  for  his  prompt  attention  to 
the  commercial  and  naval  interests,  charing  the  period  of  his, 
command  on  that  station. 

Agents. — Messrs.  Maude. 


GEORGE  JAMES  SHIRLEY,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  a  Lieutenant  of  the  Royal  George,  a  first 
rate,  during  the  mutiny  at  Spithead,  in  1797 1 5  commanded 
the  Megafera  fire-vessel,  in  the  same  year;  and  was  posted  into 

*  Commodore  Owen's  report,  alluded  to  in  the  foregoing  letter,  will  be 
found  at  length  in  the  Nav.  Chron.  v.  23,  pp.  78,  79,  82,  et  seq.  For  a 
great  variety  of  naval  state  papers  relating  to  the  expedition,  see  id.  pp. 
113  to  135  j  200  to  241 ;  301  to  308  ;  and  423  to  428.  The  preceding 
vol.  abounds  with  Gazette  letters  written  by  the  different  naval  and  military 
commanders  during  its  progress. 

t  See  Vol.  |.  p.  548,  et  seq. 


136  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1/98. 

the  Mars  of  74  guns,  April  26,  1798.    We  find  no  mention  of 
him  since  the  latter  period. 

Agents. — Messrs.  Cooke,  Halford,  and  Son. 


RICHARD  RUNWA  BOWYER,  ESQ. 
WAS  posted  May  2,  1798  j  and  died  at  Titchfield,  Hants, 
Feb.  11,  1823. 

GEORGE  FREDERICK  RYVES,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  is  the  representative  of  a  very  ancient  and  re- 
spectable family  in  Dorsetshire,  descended  from  John  Ryvesr 
of  Damory  Court,  near  Blandford,  Esq.,  one  of  whose  grand- 
sons, Bruno,  was  Chaplain  to  King  Charles  I.  in  1628 ;  and 
at  the  restoration  became  Chaplain  in  Ordinary  to  his  son,  by 
whom  he  was  successively  made  Dean  of  Windsor,  Secretary 
of  the  Most  Noble  Order  of  the  Garter,  and  Rector  of  Hase- 
ley,  in  Oxfordshire,  as  a  compensation  for  the  losses  he  had 
sustained  during  the  great  rebellion,  at  the  commencement 
of  which  he  had  been  deprived  of  the  livings  of  Stairwell,  co. 
Middlesex,  and  St.  Martin's  in  the  Vintry,  London;  his 
house  was  plundered  ;  and  himself  obliged  to  fly  from  place 
to  place,  for  refuge  from  the  fury  of  the  Presbyterians  *„ 

*  The  above  mentioned  John  Ryves,  of  Damory  Court,  had  eight  sons 
and  three  daughters.  Three  of  the  former  received  the  honor  of  knight- 
hood, viz.  John,  William,  and  Thomas.  William  was  presented  by  hi* 
father  with  24,000/.  for  his  fortune,  part  of  which  he  laid  out  near  Oxford ; 
he  then  married  and  settled  in  Ireland,  where  he  purchased  Rathsallow, 
Crunmore,  and  Cayamoie,  in  the  county  of  Down ;  Ballyferinott,  near 
Dublin  ;  and  the  rectory  of  the  Naas.  He  was  one  of  the  Judges  in  Ireland, 
Speaker  to  the  House  of  Lords,  and  the  King's  Attorney-General. 

Thomas,  eighth  son  of  John  Ryves,  an  eminent  advocate  in  Doctors' 
Commons  and  the  Court  of  Admiralty,  was  elected  a  Fellow  of  New 
College,  Oxford,  in  1598;  and  made  a  D.  C.  L.  in  1610.  He  was 
also  one  of  the  Masters  in  Chancery,  and  Judge  of  the  Faculty  and  Pre- 
rogative Court  in  Ireland.  Ha  received  the  honor  of  knighthood  from 
Charles  I.  who  appointed  him  his  Advocate,  and  assistant  to  the  Warden 
of  the  Cinque  Ports  and  Castle  of  Dover.  When  the  rebellion  broke  out, 
Sir  Thomas  gave  good  evidence  of  his  loyalty  and  valor ;  and,  notwith- 
standing his  advanced  age,  received  several  wounds  in  fights  and  skirmishes 
for  his  royal  master's  cause,  and  suffered  much  in  his  estate  on  that  ac- 
count. He  was  the  author  of  many  books,  among  which  were  "  Historta 
Navalis  ^ntiqua,"  lib.  4.  Lond.  1633,  8vo. ;  and  "  Wisteria  Navalis  Me- 
dia," Load.  1640,  8vo.  He  left  the  advowson  of  Abbot's  Stoke,  1007.  a 
year,  td  New  College,  Oxford. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1798.  13/ 

Mr,  G.  F.  Ryves  was  born  Sept.  8,  1758 ;  educated  at 
Harrow  school ;  and  entered  the  naval  service  as  a  Midship- 
man on  board  the  Kent  of  74  guns,  commanded  by  the  Hon. 
Charles  Fielding,  and  stationed  as  a  guard-ship  at  Plymouth, 
Feb.  15,  1774.  In  the  month  of  July  following,  the  Kent 
was  ordered  on  a  six  weeks'  cruise  ;  and  when  working  out 
of  the  Sound  to  join  the  other  ships  of  the  squadron,  had  1 1 
men  killed  and  45  wounded,  by  the  explosion  of  nearly  400 
Ibs.  of  gunpowder,  which  had  been  placed  in  a  chest  on  the 
larboard  side  of  the  poop.  This  melancholy  accident  took 
place  at  a  moment  when  the  Kent  was  saluting  the  Admiral's 
flag,  and  Mr.  Ryves  walking  on  the  opposite  side  of  the 
same  deck;  his  preservation  may  therefore  be  justly  deemed 
miraculous — but  that  of  a  marine  drummer  still  more  extraor- 
dinary. The  latter  was  sitting  upon  the  chest  in  question 
when  its  contents  ignited,  and  blown  into  the  sea,  from 
whence  he  was  taken  on  board  without  having  received  the 
slightest  injury ! 

In  1775,  our  officer  was  removed  into  the  Portland  of  50 
guns,  bearing  the  flag  of  Vice-Admiral  James  Young,  father 
of  the  late  Vice-Admiral  of  Great  Britain,  who  was  then  the 
junior  Lieutenant  of  that  ship  *.  At  the  commencement  of 
the  American  war  we  find  Mr.  Ryves  in  the  West  Indies, 
where  he  was  selected  from  a  numerous  quarter-deck,  to  com- 
mand one  of  the  Portland's  tenders,  the  Tartar  of  8  guns,  and 
33  men,  including  himself,  another  Midshipman,  and  a  Sur- 
geon's Mate.  In  this  small  vessel  he  had  the  good  fortune 
to  capture  upwards  of  fifty  prizes,  some  of  which  were  pri- 
vateers of  force  superior  to  his  own ;  and  it  once  happened, 
that  with  his  crew  reduced  to  12  men,  he  had  no  less  than  40 
prisoners  on  board. 

Mr.  Ryves  returned  to  England  in  the  Portland ;  and  on 
the  1st  May  1779,  sailed  for  New  York  in  the  Europe  64, 
bearing  the  flag  of  Vice-Admiral  Arbuthnot,  by  whom  he 
was  made  a  Lieutenant  during  the  passage,  into  the  Pacific 
store-ship.  In  this  vessel  he  saw  much  hard  service,  and  had 

*  Sir  William  Young1,  G.  C.  B.  Admiral  of  the  Red,  and  Vice-Admiral 
of  Great  Britain,  died  in  Queen  Anne  Street,  London,  Oct,  25,  1821,  in  the 
71st  year  of  his  age.  For  a  memoir  of  that  distinguished  officer,  see  "  An- 
nual Biography  and  Obituary  for  1823,"  p.  315,  et  seq. 


138  VOST- CAPTAIN'S    OV    1J98. 

nearly  suffered  shipwreck  when  passing  through  Hell  Gates, 
on  her  way  to  Huntingdon  Bay,  Long  Island,  for  the  purpose 
of  affording  protection  to  the  troops  employed  cutting  wood 
foe  the  use  of  the  army.  The  Pacific  was  thus  employed  for 
a  period  of  nineteen  months,  and  during  that  time  experienced 
one  of  the  severest  winters  ever  known;  the  glass  being  fre- 
quently \y  below  0,  and  the  ice  so  solid  that  the  Ame- 
ricans meditated  her  capture  by  marching  a  body  of  troops 
over  it  to  attack  her  :  their  scheme,  however,  was  providen- 
tially frustrated  by  the  intervention  of  a  snow-storm,  which 
completely  dispersed  them. 

Previous  to  her  departure  from  Huntingdon  Bay,  the  cook 
of  the  Pacific,  a  man  with  only  one  arm,  fell  overboard,  and 
would  inevitably  have  perished  but  for  the  generous  exertions 
of  Lieutenant  Ryves,  who  leaped  after,  and  succeeded  in  res- 
cuing him.  A  similar  act  of  humanity  had  been  performed 
by  our  officer  when  commanding  tke  Portland's  tender  :  a 
seaman  having  lost  his  hat  overboard,  jumped  after  and 
reached  its,  but  not  before  his  strength  had  failed  him.  This 
being  observed  by  Mr.  Ryves,  he  immediately  swam  to  his 
assistance,  and  was  fortunate  enough  to  bring  him  back  in 
safety  to  the  vessel. 

Lieutenant  Ryves  continued  in  the  Pacific,  himself  and  the 
Master  constantly  at  watch  and  watch,  until  the  latter  end  of 
1780,  when  he  joined  the  Fox  frigate  as  First  Lieutenant ;  in 
which  capacity  we  find  him  serving  on  the  Jamaica  station, 
from  whence  he  returned  to  England  with  the  Hon.  Captain 
Windsor,  in  the  Lowestoffe  of  28  guns,  towards  the  conclu- 
sion of  thd  waf .  Whilst  at  Jamaica,  Lieutenant  Ryves  was 
the  happy  instrument  of  saving  a  marine  centinel,  who  fell 
overboard  from  his  post  on  the  fore-castle,  and  having  struck 
against  the  anchor,  was  completely  stunned  thereby.  This 
happened  on  the  evening  of  a  Christmas  day,  and  when  all 
the  crew  were  below  regaling  themselves.  Providentially, 
Lieutenant  Ryves  happened  to  be  on  deck,  and  hearing  the 
noise  occasioned  by  the  man's  musket  striking  against  the 
anchor,  immediately  suspected  the  cause,  flew  to  the  poor 
fellow's  relief,  and  jumping  off  the  gunwale  with  a  rope  in  his 
hands,  caught  him  by  the  head  with  his  feet,  when  in  the  act 
of  sinking.  In  performing  this  generous  act,  our  officer's 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1798.  139 

hands  were  very  much  burnt,  owing  to  the  shortness  of  the 
rope,  which  brought  him  up  before  his  body  reached  the 
water. 

Mr.  Ryves's  next  appointment  was  as  First  Lieutenant  of 
the  Grafton  74,  Captain  Sir  John  Hamilton;  which  ship  being 
in  the  Bay  of  Biscay,  on  her  passage  to  the  East  Indies, 
rolled  all  her  masts  away,  and  was  consequently  obliged  to 
put  back. 

A  general  peace  having  taken  place,  and  the  Grafton  being 
put  out  of  commission,  Lieutenant  Ryves  made  a  tour  on 
foot  over  part  of  France,  Switzerland,  Alsace,  the  Duchy  of 
Luxembourg,  and  Flanders.  In  1/88  he  was  appointed  first 
Lieutenant  of  the  Aurora  frigate  ;  and  in  Feb.  1795,  to  the 
Arethusa :  which  latter  ship  formed  part  of  the  fleet  sent  to 
Quiberon  Bay,  for  the  purpose  of  co-operating  with  the 
French  royalists,  and  was  subsequently  employed  cruising 
on  the  coast  of  France. 

In  Oct.  1795,  our  officer  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  Com- 
mander, and  appointed  to  the  Bull-Dog  sloop  of  war,  then  in 
the  West  Indies  ;  to  which  station  he  proceeded  as  a  pas- 
senger in  the  Colossus  74,  one  of  the  fleet  commanded  by 
Rear- Admiral  Christian,  and  destined  for  the  reduction  of  the 
French  colonies  *. 

On  his  arrival  at  St.  Lucia,  the  Bull-Dog  being  absent, 
Captain  Ryves  landed  with  a  body  of  seamen  \  and  during  the 
ensuing  operations  in  that  island,  was  employed  in  assisting 
the  troops,  making  roads,  and  transporting  guns,  one  of  which, 
a  24-pounder,  to  the  surprise  of  the.  artillerymen  of  the  army, 
who  considered  it  impossible  to  be  accomplished,  was  mount- 
ed upon  one  of  the  highest  hills,  and  from  thence  threw  the 
only  point-blank  shot  which  fell  into  the  Morne  Fortunee. 
After  the  conquest  of  the  island,  Captain  Ryves  remained  on 
shore  with  400  seamen,  to  remove  the  cannon  from  the 
British  advanced  batteries  into  the  Morne ;  a  service  of  ex- 
treme fatigue,  the  rainy  season  having  set  in,  and  the  detach- 
ment having  nothing  but  the  bare  earth  to  lie  on. 

*  The  disasters  of  the  fleet  under  Rear*Admiral  Christian  are  well 
known,  aud  have  already  been  noticed  by  us.  See  Vol.  I,  note  t,  at  p.  89  j 
and  Vol.  II.  p.  96,  et  «ey. 


140  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1798. 

The  skill,  alacrity,  and  unremitting  exertions  of  the  navy, 
during  the  siege  of  St.  Lucia,  were  duly  acknowledged  by  the 
Commander-in-Chief  of  the  army,  to  whose  General  Order  of 
May  27,  1796*  which  will  be  found  in  our  first  volume,  p. 
]  34,  we  must  refer  the  reader,  for  a  passage  applicable  to  the 
subject  of  this  memoir ;  whose  conduct  is  also  eulogized  by 
Sir  Hugh  C.  Christian,  in  his  official  letter  on  the  same  sub- 
ject, from  which  we  make  the  following  extracts  : 

"  In  the  prepress  of  the  siege  great  difficulties  were  to  be  surmounted, 
and  much  service  of  fatigue  undertaken.  The  more  effectually  to  assist 
the  operations  of  the  army,  I  directed  800  seamen  to  land,  under  the  com- 
mand of  Captain  Lane  of  the  Astrea,  and  Captain  Ry  ves  of  the  Bull-Dog  : 
the  merit  of  their  services  will  be  better  reported  by  the  Commander-in- 
Chief  of  his  Majesty's  troops  ;  but  I  feel  it  an  indispensable  duty  to  ac- 
quaint their  Lordships,  that  the  conduct  of  the  officers  and  seamen  equalled 
my  most  sanguine  expectations,  and  that  it  has  been  in  every  instance 
highly  meritorious.  *  *  *  * 

"  Captain  Ryves  of  the  Bull-Dog,  will  proceed  immediately  to  join  his 
ship  ;  but  I  should  be  unjust  to  the  merits  of  his  exertion,  were  I  to 
omit  recommending  him  to  their  Lordships'  notice  and  protection." 

The  Rear-Admiral,  on  his  return  to  England,  addressed 
the  following  letter  to  Mrs.  Ryves  : 

"  Cavendish  Square,  Nov.  29,  1/96. 

"  Madam. — Your  letter  of  the  24th  was  forwarded  to  me  from  the  Isle 
of  Wight,  which  will  account  for  my  not  replying  more  immediately  to  it. 
I  had  the  pleasure  of  hearing  from  Captain  Ryves  a  few  days  previous  to 
my  quitting  the  West  Indies  ;  he  was  then  perfectly  well,  and  proceeding- 
to  the  island  ef  Antigua  to  refit  his  ship. 

"  I  much  regret  that  more  notice  has  not  been  taken  of  his  conspicuous 
merit  and  exertions.  I  hope  that  a  favorable  opinion  is  entertained  of 
him,  and  should  believe  that  a  very  little  exertion  of  interest  by  his 
friends,  would  obtain  for  him  the  promotion  to  which,  in  my  opinion,  he 
has  a  most  just  claim.  I  trust,  in  such  event,  that  I  may  hare  the  satis- 
faction of  seeing  him  very  shortly.  I  have  the  honor  to  be,  Madam, 
&c.,  &c.,  &c. 

(Signed)  "  HUGH  C.  CHRISTIAN." 

From  this  period  Captain  Ryves  was  employed  cruising  off 
the  Virgin  Islands,  until  Sept.  17975  when  he  convoyed  the 
trade  to  England,  and  on  his  arrival  was  put  out  of  commis- 
sion. In  April  1798,  he  was  again  appointed  to  the  Bull- 
Dog  ;  and  on  the  29th  of  the  following  month,  advanced  to 
post  rank  in  the  Medea  frigate.  His  next  appointment  was 
in  April  1800,  to  the  Agincourt  of  64  guns,  bearing  the  flag 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1/98.  141 

6f  Sir  Charles  Morice  Pole,  with  whom  he  had  before  sailed 
in  the  Colossus.  The  Agincourt  was  at  Newfoundland  during 
the  ensuing  summer ;  and  on  her  return  from  thence  at  the 
close  of  the  season,  Captain  Ryves  received  orders  to  join  the 
armament  preparing  for  the  Baltic.  These,  however,  were 
countermanded  ;  and  after  serving  for  some  time  in  the  North 
Sea  under  Admiral  Dickson,  we  find  him  conveying  General 
Graham,  (now  Lord  Lynedocb)  and  the  25th  regiment,  to 
Egypt. 

The  harmony  that  prevailed  between  the  Agiucourt's  crew 
and  the  troops  has  never  been  surpassed,  not  one  complaint 
having  been  made  on  either  side  during  the  passage  to  Abou- 
kir  Bay,  where  the  whole  regiment,  with  the  exception  of  one 
man,  was  landed  in  perfect  health.  The  same  corps  was 
subsequently  taken  back  to  Malta  by  Captain  Ryves,  who 
appears  to  have  suffered  greatly  in  a  pecuniary  point  of 
view,  as  in  consequence  of  the  Agincourt  not  being  fitted 
up  for  the  reception  of  troops,  he  was  obliged  to  entertain 
no  less  than  10  officers,  exclusive  of  the  General,  at  his 
own  expence,  without  ever  receiving  the  least  compensatiori 
from  government.  Previous  to  his  quitting  the  shores  of 
Egypt,  he  was  presented  by  the  Grand  Seignior  with  the  gold 
medal  of  the  Order  of  the  Crescent. 

We  next  find  Captain  Ryves  entrusted  with  the  command 
of  a  small  squadron,  consisting  of  the  Agincourt,  Solebay, 
Champion,  and  Salamine,  sent  by  Lord  Keith  to  take  posses- 
sion of  Corfu,  where  he  remained  till  July  4,  1802,  on  which 
day  he  was  honored  with  the  thanks  of  the  Government  and 
Corps  Representative  of  that  island.  The  address  presented 
to  him  by  a  deputation  of  Syndicks  and  other  official  person- 
ages, was  couched  in  the  following  terms  : 

"  Three  months  since,  Sir,  you  saw  us  as  at  present,  on  board  the  vessel 
you  command,  but  on  a  very  different  occasion.  We  then  came  to  re- 
joice at  your  arrival,  and  to  beg  your  continuance  of  those  favors  by  which 
the  English  army  had  already  so  greatly  benefited  us.  To-day  it  is  to 
mourn  your  departure,  and  to  thank  you  for  those  benefits  arising  from 
your  presence ;  nor  can  we  sufficiently  satisfy  our  hearts,  or  express  our 
sentiments  on  this  last  subject,  whatever  may  be  our  wishes  ;  to  have 
proved  the  fact,  and  made  a  more  lasliug  acknowledgment,  it  would  have 
been  our  pleasure  to  have  added,  had  not  the  state  of  our  circumstances, 
and  the  ungrateful  times  in  which  we  live,  prevented  the  fulfilment  of  our 
washes.  At  the  same  time,  sincere  gratitude  indelibly  engraven  on  the 


142  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1J98. 

hearts  of  men,  is  a  nobler  monument  to  the  honor  of  themselves,   and  its 
object,  and  more  becoming  in  acceptance,  than  arches  and  statues. 

"  Go,  Sir,  where  you  are  sure  to  be  followed  by  our  earnest  prayers ;  go, 
and  present  to  your  King  these  sentiments  of  veneration  and  gratitude, 
which  our  great  regard  for  yourself,  and  indeed  all  British  officers,  has 
caused  us  to  make  public.  May  our  Republic  one  day  attain  that  ascend- 
ant which  the  aid  of  sovereigns  appears  to  conduct  us  to  j  when  the  honor 
of  rendering  some  service  to  the  British  nation  will  not  be  rejected.  If  to 
save  us  from  misfortune,  sparing  by  the  most  circumspect  conduct  even 
the  slightest  threat  which  might  promote  revolt ;  keeping  secret  all  poli- 
tical and  other  important  concerns  j  whatever,  in  fine,  related  to  the  conclu- 
sion of  a  peace  necessary  to  the  safety  of  our  lives  ;  is  not  a  service  which 
we  can  never  hope  adequately  to  return  ?  The  answer  to  this  must  live  for 
ever  in  our  memories,  and  be  a  homage  rendered  in  silence  to  greatness, 
while  your  renown  is  alone  left  to  us  as  a  consolation  for  your  departure 
from  our  country  this  day." 

Some  time  after  his  departure  from  Corfu,  Captain  Ryves 
was  ordered  by  Sir  Richard  Bickerton  to  proceed  to  the 
Madalena  islands,  and  if  possible  to  do  so,  without  using 
force,  to  prevent  the  French  taking  possession  of  them,  which, 
according  to  intelligence  recently  received,  they  were  about 
to  do,  notwithstanding  the  treaty  of  Amiens,  by  which  all 
hostilities  had  long  since  ceased  in  Europe.  At  this  period 
there  did  not  exist  a  chart  of  those  islands,  nor  had  any  ship 
of  war  ever  anchored  among  them.  The  Agincourt  was  nearly 
lost  in  doing  so.  No  Frenchmen  appearing,  Captain  Ryves 
spent  the  week  he  was  directed  to  remain  there  in  making  a 
survey  of  the  islands,  which  he  performed  alone,  there  not 
being  a  single  person  on  board  able  to  assist  him. 

In  May  1803,  the  ship's  company  of  the  Gibraltar  evinced 
symptoms  of  mutiny,  in  consequence  of  their  being  kept 
abroad  after  hostilities  had  ceased  ;  and  her  commander  hav- 
ing been  dismissed  by  the  sentence  of  a  court-martial,  Cap- 
tain Ryves  was  appointed  to  that  ship,  and  sent  to  Naples  to 
attend  upon  the  King.  He  continued  on  that  service  about 
eight  months,  and  had  the  satisfaction  of  completely  restoring 
subordination  among  his  men ;  50  of  whom  were  frequently 
allowed  to  go  on  shore  at  one  time,  without  ever  giving  cause 
for  the  least  complaint  from  the  inhabitants  of  that  city ; 
their  general  conduct  on  board  being  equally  exemplary,  pu- 
nishment was  seldom  necessary.  When  about  to  quit  that 
station,  the  King  presented  Captain  Ryves  with  a  superb  dia- 


POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1/98.  143 

uiond  ring;  whilst  from  the  King  of  Sardinia  he  received  a 
handsome  gold  snuff-box,  in  return  for  the  attention  he  had 
paid  to  his  royal  brother,  when  on  board  the  Gibraltar  for  a 
passage  to  Cagliari. 

On  the  arrival  of  Lord  Nelson  to  assume  the  chief  com- 
mand in  the  Mediterranean  at  the  renewal  of  the  war,  Cap- 
tain Ryves  presented  his  Lordship  with  a  manuscript  chart 
of  the  Madalena  and  Barelino  Islands :  its  correctness  and 
utility  are  proved  by  the  following  letter,  dated  Victory,  Nov. 
1,  1803 : 

"  My  dear  Sir,  —  We  anchored  in  Agincourt  Sound  yesterday  evening, 
and  I  assure  you  that  I  individually  feel  a.11  the  obligation  due  to  you  for 
ypur  most  correct  chart  and  directions  for  these  islands.  We  worked  the 
Victory  every  foot  of  the  way  from  Asinana  to  this  anchorage,  the  wind 
blowing  from  Largo  Sarde,  under  double  reefed  top-sails.  I  shall  write  to 
the  Admiralty,  stating  how  much  they  ought  to  feel  obliged  to  your  very 
great  skill  and  attention  in  making  this  survey.  This  is  absolutely  one  of 
the  finest  harbours  I  have  ever  seen."  The  gallant  Admiral,  alluding  to 
the  state  of  Naples,  &c.  &c.  thus  proceeds  in  his  usual  kind  and  cqmmuni- 
cative  manner : 

"  Although  I  forgot  to  mention  to  you  when  the  Childers  went  to  Na- 
ples, my  desire,  if  circumstances  would  allow  the  Gibraltar  to  be  spared 
from  thence,  that  you  would  see  the  Sardinian  galley  with  the  King's  bro- 
ther on  board,  safe  into  Cagliari,  I  have  since  then  wrote  to  you  by  way 
of  Palermo  on  the  subject :  but  I  am  sure  you  would  dp  it  if  the  parti- 
cular service  you  are  employed  upon  would  admit  it,  without  any  directions 
from  me.  We  are  all  in  high  health,  and  nothing  to  ruffle  our  tempers. 
The  French  have  eight  sail  ready,  so  that  we  shall  have  them  out  one  of 
these  days.  I  sincerely  hope  that  your  ship's  company  are  perfectly  re- 
covered. We  have  had  very  bad  weather,  and  I  am  afraid  the  Gibraltar's 
rotten  masts  and  yards  must  have  suffered.  As  I  am  very  anxious  to  get 
the  Raven  back  before  I  leave  this  anchorage,  I  beg  you  will  give  her  all 
the  assistance  in  your  power  and  send  her  off,  for  we  are  very  short  of  can- 
dles, nearly  in  distress.  With  every  good  wish,  I  am,  my  dear  Sir,  your 
much  obliged,  and  very  obedient  servant, 

(Signed)  "  NELSON  and  BRONTE." 

"  P.  S.  Will  you  be  so  good  as  to  embark  my  servant  Gaetano  OH  board 
the  Raven." 

In  June  1804,  the  Gibraltar  having  been  upwards  of 
twelve  years  hi  commission,  and  in  great  want  of  repair,  was 
ordered  to  proceed  home,  calling  at  Cadiz  for  the  trade  bound 
to  England,  with  which  she  arrived  at  the  Motherbank  on 
the  14th  of  the  following  month;  and  two  days  after,  the 


144  POST- CAPTAINS  OF  1798. 

following  letter  was  sent  to  Captain  Ryves,  by  the  masters 
of  the  vessels  who  had  accompanied  him  : 

"  Ship  Mountroyal,  \Gth  July,  1804. 

"  Sir. — We  the  undersigned  Masters  of  vessels  under  your  convoy  from 
Cadiz,  sensible  of  the  advantage  we  derived  from  your  very  great  protec- 
tion and  attention  during  the  whole  course  of  the  voyage,  beg  leave  to  pre- 
sent our  sincere  acknowledgments  for  the  same,  and  to  efier  our  best 
\vishes  for  your  future  happiness.  We  are  respectfully,  Sir, 

"  Your  most  obedient  Servants, 

(Signed  by  the  different  Masters.) 

"  Geo.  Fred.  Ryves,  Esq." 

The  Gibraltar  was  paid  off  July  30,  1804,  and  Captain 
Ryves  did  not  obtain  another  appointment  until  March  1810 ; 
at  which  period  he  was  commissioned  to  the  Africa  of  64 
guns,  and  ordered  to  the  Baltic  station,  where  he  was  em- 
ployed in  a  variety  of  hazardous  services,  particularly  that  of 
blockading  Copenhagen,  keeping  the  numerous  gun-boats 
by  which  he  was  constantly  surrounded  in  check,  and  in  con- 
ducting two  hundred  sail  of  merchantmen  through  the  Great 
Belt,  during  the  prevalence  of  a  heavy  gale  of  wind,  without 
the  loss  of  a  single  vessel.  The  manner  in  which  this  latter 
service  was  conducted,  excited  the  surprise  of  officers  who 
had  been  several  years  on  the  station,  one  of  whom  addressed 
a  most  gratifying  letter  to  Mrs.  Ryves  on  the  occasion. 

According  to  the  orders  received  by  Captain  Ryves,  on 
quitting  the  Baltic  with  the  above  fleet,  he  was  to  part  com- 
pany with  his  valuable  charge  off  Yarmouth,  and  from 
thence  proceed  to  Portsmouth.  On  his  passage  thither,  he 
experienced  a  most  severe  gale  of  wind  from  the  southward, 
with  very  thick  weather ;  and  fearing  lest  the  Africa  should  be 
driven  back  into  the  North  Sea,  he  immediately  resolved  to 
bring  her  up,  although  in  deep  water,  and  against  the  advice 
of  the  pilots,  who  considered  such  a  step  unsafe,  and  relin- 
quished all  charge  of  the  ship.  The  event  answered  Captain 
Ryves's  expectations  j  the  Africa  rode  very  comfortable  for 
four  days,  at  the  end  of  which  time  the  gale  abated,  and  she 
was  found  to  be  exactly  in  the  same  place  where  the  anchor 
was  let  go.  Had  such  a  measure  been  adopted  by  the 
St.  George,  Hero,  and  Minotaur,  they  would  in  all  probability 
have  avoided  the  melancholy  fate  which  befel  them  about 
that  time. 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1798.  145 

-  The  Africa  being  required  for  the  flag  of  Vice-Admiral 
Sawyer  on  the  Halifax  station,  Captain  Ryves  was  super- 
seded soon  after  his  arrival  in  England  j  since  which  he  has 
been  on  half-pay. 

Our  officer  married,  first,  Jan.  3,  1792,  Catharine  Elizabeth, 
third  daughter  of  the  late  Hon.  James  Everard  Arundel,  of 
Ashcomb,  Wilts,  sister  of  the  late  Lord  Arundel,  and  aunt 
of  the  present  peer.  The  death  of  this  lady  was  announced 
to  Captain  Ryves  when  at  Naples ;  on  which  occasion  Lord 
Nelson,  who  ever  delighted  in  administering  consolation  to 
the  afflicted  mind,  wrote  to  him  as  follows  : 

"  Victory,  Madalena,  Feb.  10,  1804. 

"  My  dear  Sir. — It  is  with  the  sincerest  sorrow  that  I  am  to  be  the 
messenger  of  such  news  as  must  distress  you  very  much,  but  for  the  sake 
of  your  dear  children  you  must  bear  up  against  this  heavy  misfortune.  To 
attempt  consolation  at  such  a  moment  is  I  know  out  of  the  question ; 
therefore  I  can  only  assure  you  of  my  most  sincere  condolence,  and  that  I 
am  your  most  faithful  friend." 

(Signed)        "  NELSON  &  BRONTE." 

Captain  Ryves  married,  second,  in  1806,  a  daughter  of 
R.  Graham,  Esq.,  of  Chelsea  Hospital,  by  whom  he  has 
seven  children.  By  his  former  marriage  he  has  three  children 
living.  His  eldest  son  has  recently  been  promoted  to  the 
rank  of  Commander  in  the  Sophie  sloop  of  war,  on  the  East 
India  station.  Two  other  sons  are  also  serving  in  the  navy. 

Agents. — Messrs.  Goode  and  Clarke. 


GEORGE  SCOTT,  ESQ. 

A  Companion  of  the  most  Honorable  Military  Order  of  the  Bath;  and 
a  Colonel  of  Royal  Marines. 

THIS  officer  is  the  second  son  of  John  Scott,  of  Gala,  in 
Selkirkshire,  Esq.,  and  descended  from  the  ancient  and  most 
noble  family  of  Buccleuch.  He  was  born  in  1770  J  first  went 
to  sea  in  1782 ;  and  served  as  Midshipman  and  Master's- 
Mate,  in  the  Edgar,  Vengeance,  Romney,  Blenheim,  Diadem, 
Latona,  Goliah,  and  Adamant,  employed  on  various  sta- 
tions, until  Feb.  19,  1791,  when  he  was  appointed  a  Lieuten- 
ant of  the  Thisbe  frigate.  We  next  find  him  holding  the 
same  rank  in  the  Vengeance  74,  which  ship  formed  part  of 
the  squadron  under  Rear-Admiral  Gardner,  when  that  officer 

VOL.  II.  I, 


)46  POST*CAPTAINS  or  1798. 

made  an  unsuccessful  attempt  to  obtain  possession  of  Mar- 
tinique, in  1793  *. 

On  his  return  to  England,  Lieutenant  Scott  removed  into 
the  Bellerophon  74,  bearing  the  broad  pendant,  and  after- 
wards the  flag,  of  the  late  Sir  Thomas  Pasley,  Bart.  He 
consequently  bore  a  part  in  Earl  Howe's  actions  of  May  28 
and  29,  and  June  1,  1794 ;  for  a  general  outline  of  which, 
we  must  refer  the  reader  to  our  first  volume,  p.  75,  et  seq* 
An  account  of  the  Bellerophon's  conspicuous  behaviour  on 
those  memorable  days  will  be  found  at  pp.  509  and  510 
of  the  same. 

Lieutenant  Scott's  next  appointment  was,  Aug.  1,  1794, 
to  the  Niger  of  32  guns ;  in  which  frigate  he  assisted  at  the 
capture  of  a  French  convoy,  May  9,  1795  f-  At  the  com- 
mencement of  the  ensuing  year  he  was  promoted  to  the 
rank  of  Commander,  in  the  Albatross  sloop  of  war. 

Captain  Scott's  good  qualities  as  an  officer  are  thus  alluded 
to  in  the  records  of  the  Committee  of  Merchants,  appointed 
for  the  purpose  of  counteracting  the  mutiny  at  the  Nore : 

"  Marine  Society's  Office,  London,  July  31, 1797. 
"  At  a  meeting  of  the  Committee  of  Merchants,  &c.  &<:.,  held  here  this 
day — 

"  RESOLVED, — That  the  thanks  of  this  Committee  be  transmitted  to  Cap- 
tain Scott,  and  the  officers  of  H.  M.  S.  Albatross,  for  their  spirited  conduct 
in  suppressing  a  mutiny  on  board  the  said  ship,  and  detaching  her  from 
the  ships  in  a  mutinous  state,,  in  order  to  prevent  the  contagion  becoming 
more  general  on  board  the  Albatross. 

(Signed)         "  HUGH  INGLIB,  Chairman." 

This  testimony  of  the  approbation  of  so  respectable  and 
patriotic  a  body  as  the  merchants  of  London,  was  no  doubt 
highly  gratifying  to  Captain  Scott,  whom  we  shortly  after  find 
cruising  in  the  North  Sea,  where  he  captured  two  of  the 
enemy's  privateers  ;  de  Braave  of  12  guns,  and  1'Einouchet 
of  8  guns  and  55  men.  His  post  commission  bears  date 
June  15,  J798. 

From  this  period,  Captain  Scott  remained  on  half-pay  till 
July  10,  1799,  when  he  obtained  the  command  of  the  Stately, 
a  64  gun  ship,  armed  en  flute.  In  April  1800,  he  sailed  with 
troops  for  the  Mediterranean ;  and  after  his  arrival  on  that 

:sxi  '-*  See  Vol.  I.  p.  40  ».  t  See  Vol.  I.  p.  559. 

' 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1/98.  147 

station,  was  employed  in  the  respective  blockades  of  Genoa 
and  Malta*.  Early  in  the  following  year,  he  accompanied 
Lord  Keith  to  Aboukir  Bay,  where  he  commanded  the  left 
wing  of  the  boats  employed  to  land  the  army  under  Sir  Ralph 
Abercromby  f.  For  his  conduct  on  this  occasion,  and  during 
the  subsequent  operations  in  that  quarter,  the  gold  medal  of 
the  Turkish  Order  of  the  Crescent  was  presented  to  him  by 
order  of  the  Grand  Seignior  J. 

Captain  Scott  continued  in  the  Mediterranean  during  the 
suspension  of  hostilities,  occasioned  by  the  treaty  of  Amiens  ; 
and  retained  the  command  of  the  Stately  till  Aug.  1804,  when 
Jie  joined  the  Success  of  32  guns.  From  the  latter  he  removed 
March  13,  1806,  into  the  Malabar  54 ;  which  ship  he  left  on 
the  31st  July  following. 

His  next  appointment  was,  June  1 1,  1807,  to  the  Horatio, 
a  38-gun  frigate,  built  of  fir.  On  the  10th  Feb.  1809,  being 
in  the  neighbourhood  of  the  Virgin  Islands,  he  fell  in  with, 
and  at  three-quarters  of  an  hour  past  noon  brought  la  Junon, 
a  French  frigate  of  the  largest  class,  to  close  action,  which 
was  maintained  with  the  greatest  skill  and  bravery  on  both 
sides  till  3-  2ol  P.  M.  when  the  Latona  frigate,  which  had 
previously  chased  the  enemy,  arrived  within  pistol-shot ;  and 
in  a  few  minutes  afterwards  la  Junon,  having  lost  her  fore 
and  mizen-masts,  was  compelled  to  surrender. 

In  this  gallant  action  the  Horatio  had  7  men  killed  and  26 
wounded  5  among  the  latter  was  Captain  Scott,  who,  after 
being  deprived  of  the  services  of  his  first  Lieutenant,  received 
a  very  severe  wound  in  the  shoulder  by  a  grape-shot,  and  was 
thereby  obliged  to  leave  the  ship  in  charge  of  the  Hon. 
George  Douglas,  by  whom  his  place  was  most  nobly  supplied, 
She  was  also  much  cut  up  in  her  masts  and  rigging,  the  enemy 
in  the  early  part  of  the  conflict  having  used  every  effort  in  his 
power  to  disable  her.  The  Latona  had  6  men  slightly  wound- 
ed, and  lost  her  fore-mast  two  minutes  after  the  firing  had 
ceased,  The  Driver,  a  ship-sloop,  closed  towards  the  teiv 
ruination  of  the  affair,  but  does  not  appear  to  have  been  of 

»  See  Vol.  I.  pp.  53  and  281. 

f  See  Vol.  I.,  note  |,  at  p.  259  ;  and  note  *,  at  p.  313. 
J  See  Vol.  I.  note  at  p.  129. 


148  POST-CX-PTAINS  OF  1/98. 

any  assistance  in  subduing  the  enemy.  She  however  had  1 
man  wounded. 

La  Junon,  from  the  number  of  shot-holes  low  down  in 
her  hull,  was  in  a  very  leaky  state,  and  had  no  less  than  130 
killed  and  wounded,  including  among  the  latter  her  brave 
commander,  Captain  Roussea,  mortally.  When  intercepted, 
she  was  proceeding  from  the  Saintes  to  Europe  *. 

For  his  excellent  conduct  and  severe  sufferings  on  this  oc- 
casion, Captain  Scott  received  the  marked  encomiums  of  his 
superiors,  and  a  pension  of  250/.  per  annum,  which  has  since 
been  increased  to  300£.  On  the  21st  Feb.  in  the  following 
year,  being  in  lat.  33°  KX  N.  and  long.  29°  30'  W.  he  captured, 
after  along  chase,  and  running  action  of  one  hour,  la  Neces- 
site,  pierced  for  40  guns,  mounting  28,  with  a  complement 
of  186  men,  and  laden  with  naval  stores  and  provisions  from 
Brest,  bound  to  the  Isle  of  France.  No  casualties  appear  to 
have  occurred  on  either  side. 

During  the  two  last  years  of  the  war,  Captain  Scott  com- 
manded the  Gibraltar  80,  and  Asia  of  74  guns.  In  the  former 
he  remained  but  a  few  weeks ;  the  latter  he  was  obliged  to 
resign  on  account  of  the  wound  he  had  received  five  years 
before,  and  which  during  that  long  period,  had  caused  him 
incessant  pain.  He  was  appointed  to  a  royal  yacht  June,  16, 
1814 ;  and  nominated  a  C.  B.  June  4,  1815.  He  obtained 
a  Colonelcy  of  Royal  Marines,  July  19,  1821. 

Our  officer  married,  Oct.  27,  1810,  the  Hon.  Caroline 
Lucy,  daughter  of  Lord  Douglas,  and  niece  of  the  Duke  of 
Buccleuch. 

Agents. — Messrs.  Atkins  and  Son. 

*  La  Junon  was  first  discovered  and  chased  by  the  Asp  of  16  guns, 
and  Sup^rieure,  pierced  for  14,  but  with  only  4  on  board.  The  former 
sloop  was  soon  lost  sight  of  by  her  consort,  who  not  only  gallantly  pur- 
sued the  French  frigate  into  the  hands  of  Captain  Scott,  but  during  the 
action  rendered  every  assistance  which  could  be  effected  by  the  greatest 
skill  and  courage.  La  Junon  was  retaken  in  the  course  of  the  same  year, 
after  a  most  desperate  resistance,  by  a  squadron  of  French  frigates  bound! 
to  Guadaloupe. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OP    1798.  149 

THOMAS  DUNDAS,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer,  after  commanding  the  Merlin  sloop  of  war  for  a 
considerable  period  in  the  North  Sea  and  British  Channel,  was 
promoted  to  the  rank  of  Post-Captain  July  9,  1798  j  and  about 
the  same  time  appointed  to  la  Prompte  of  20  guns*.  In 
March  1799,  he  burnt  a  Spanish  vessel  of  war,  pierced  for 
26  guns,  but  with  only  12  mounted.  His  next  appointment 
was  to  the  Solebay  frigate,  in  which  he  escorted  a  fleet  of 
merchantmen  to  the  Mediterranean,  from  whence  he  returned 
July  2,  1802, 

Towards  the  latter  end  of  1804  we  find  him  in  the  Naiad 
frigate,  making  prize  of  a  Spanish  ship  worth  upwards  of 
200,000  dollars.  In  the  same  vessel  he  also  assisted  at  the 
capture  of  the  Fanny,  a  French  privateer  of  16  guns  and  80 
men,  and  the  Superb  letter  of  marque,  of  4  guns  and  20 
men ;  the  latter  bound  to  Martinique,  with  a  cargo  of  sun- 
dries. The  Naiad  was  one  of  the  repeaters  to  Lord  Nelson's 
fleet  in  the  glorious  battle  of  Trafalgar,  and  rendered  essential 
service  afterwards,  by  towing  the  Belleille  74  from  her  peril- 
ous situation  near  the  shoals,  whither  she  was  fast  drifting. 

Captain  Dundas  subsequently  commanded  the  Africa  of  64 
guns,  and  the  Vengeur  74.  He  commissioned  the  Bulwark  of 
76  guns,  on  the  28th  March  1822,  and  is  now  stationed  at 
Plymouth. 

Our  officer  is  said  to  be  the  inventor  of  an  inflammable 
ball,  <e  applicable  for  besieging  a  town,  and  peculiar  for  its 
small  weight,  by  which  means  it  may  be  thrown  to  a  great 
distance ;  and  it  takes  fire  on  a  very  curious  plan :  it  spreads 
a  flame  in  three  distinct  openings,  which  is  so  strong,  that  the 
fire  extends  a  full  yard  in  length  from  the  ball  itself  j  and  is 
so  powerful,  that  any  thing  under,  over,  or  near,  cannot  escape 
its  effects  f." 

Agents. — Messrs.  Cooke,  Halford,  and  Son. 


GEORGE  FOWKE,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Post-Captain  July  9,  1798;  pre- 

*  La  Prowpte  was  the  first  ship  launched  by  the  French  Republic, 
f  See  Nav.  Chron.  v.  30.  p.  487. 


150  POST-CAPTAINS    OP    1798. 

vious  to  which  he  commanded  the  Swallow  sloop  of  waf 
in  the  West  Indies,  where  he  captured  several  of  the  enemy's 
privateers.  He  assisted  at  the  capture  of  the  neutral  islands 
in  1801  ;  and  soon  after  had  the  misfortune  to  be  wrecked 
in  the  Proselyte  frigate,  off  St.  Martin's.  During  the  late 
war  he  commanded  in  succession  the  division  of  prison  ships 
stationed  in  the  river  Medway;  the  Royal  William*,  and 
Prince,  three-deckers,  bearing  the  flag  of  the  commander-in- 
chief  at  Portsmouth ;  and  the  depdt  for  prisoners  of  war  at 
Stapleton.  Since  the  peace,  he  had  the  superintendence  of  the 
ordinary  at  Sheerness,  for  the  established  period  of  three  years* 

- 
JAMES  KEITH  SHEPHARD,  ESQ. 

THIS  omcerwas  made  a  Lieutenant  Sept.  19, 1777  >  obtained 
post  rank  July  12,  1798 ;  and  during  the  remainder  of  the 
war  commanded  the  Redoubt  of  20  guns,  stationed  as  a  float- 
ing battery  in  the  river  Humber.  He  was  appointed  to 
superintend  the  impress  service  at  Gravesend  about  July 
1810 ;  and  is  at  present  employed  in  the  preventive  service. 

Agent* —     


RICHARD  HARRISON  PEARSON,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer,  a  descendant  from  the  elder  branch  of  the 
Pearsons  of  Kippencross,  in  Scotland,  is  the  eldest  son  of  the 
late  Sir  Richard  Pearson,  Knt.,  who  died  Lieutenant-Gover- 
nor  of  the  Royal  Hospital  at  Greenwich,  in  Jan.  1806,  by 
Margaret,  third  daughter  of  Francis  Harrison,  of  Appleby, 
Westmoreland,  Esq.f 

*  The  long  services  of  the  Royal  William  (alias  "OLD  BILLY"),  pro- 
tracted beyond  those  of  any  other  ship  ever  built,  ended  in  1813,  at  which 
period  she  was  examined,  and  her  timbers  found  so  defective,  that  she  was 
ordered  to  be  broken  up.  It  is  not  known  when  this  memorable  ship  was 
first  built ;  but  it  is  recorded  of  her,  that  she  came  into  harbour  to  be 
laid  up  in  ordinary,  on  the  2d  Oct.  1679 ;  went  out  March  16,  1 700 ;  came 
in  again  on  the  26th  July  1702  ;  was  ordered,  July  31,  1714,  to  be  taken 
to  pieces,  for  the  purpose  of  being  rebuilt ;  and  was  undocked  on  the  3d 
September  1719. 

f  Sir  Richard  Pearson  was  the  officer  who,  in  Sept.  1779,  with  hU  own 
ship,  the  Serapis,  and  the  Countess  of  Scarborough,  an  armed  vessel,  whose 


POST-CAPTAINS  OF    1796.  151 

He  was  made  a  Lieutenant  in  1793  ;  commanded  the  Stork 
sloop  of  war  in  1797,  and  in  that  vessel  captured  the  Lynx, 
a  French  privatee^  of  14  guns  and  50  men.  His  post  com- 
mission bears  date  Aug.  7,  1798. 

On  the  18th  May  1803,  the  very  day  on  which  the  decla- 
ration of  renewed  hostilities  against  France  issued  from  St. 
James's,  Captain  Pearson,  in  the  Doris  frigate,  being  off 
Ushant,  fell  in  with  and  captured  I'Affronteur,  a  French  lug- 
ger of  14  guns,  long  9-pounders,  and  92  men.  This  vessel 
kept  up  a  running  fight  with  the  Doris  till  the  instant  Captain 
Pearson  laid  her  alongside  ;  nor  did  she  then  give  up  a  con- 
test so  fraught  with  temerity,  until  9  men,  including  her  cap- 
tain, were  killed,  and  14  wounded.  Luckily  only  1  man 
was  wounded  on  board  the  frigate.  From  this  period  Cap- 
tain Pearson  cruised,  with  very  great  success,  against  the 
enemy's  trade,  until  the  month  of  September  following,  when 
he  was  obliged  to  come  on  shore  through  ill  health.  He 
subsequently  commanded  the  Dictator  of  64  guns,  and  Ben- 
bo  W,  a  third-rate.  The  latter  ship  received  the  flag  of  the 
Lord  High  Admiral  of  Great  Britain^  when  the  Lords  Com- 
missioners, attended  by  the  Navy,  Transport,  and  Victualling 
Boards,  visited  Portsmouth,  in  September  1818.' 

Captain  Pearson  married,  in  1799,  Miss  Maria  Holmes,  of 
Westcombe  Park,  near  Greenwich. 

Agent. —    — — 


SAMUEL  PETER  FORSTER,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  commanded  the  Albicore  sloop,  on  the  West 
India  station,  in  1797  j  and  was  promoted  into  the  Abergavenny 
of  54  guns,  bearing  the  flag  of  Sir  Hyde  Parker,  at  Jamaica, 
about  June,  1798.  From  that  ship  he  removed  into  the  Re- 
tribution frigate,  in  which  he  arrived  at  Portsmouth  with 
.Lieutenant -General  Lord  Balcarras,  late  Governor  of  Jamaica, 

joint  force  amounted  to  64  guns  and  380  men,  so  gallantly  defended  him- 
self against  four  of  the  enemy's  ships,  carrying  126  guns  and  1 100  men,  com- 
manded by  that  notorious  trailer  and  freebooter,  Paul  Jones,  a  naturalized 
subject  of  the  United  States,  and  by  his  gallant  exertions  prevented  a  fleet 
under  his  convoy,  valued  at  upwards  of  600,OOOJ.  sterling,  from  being  cap- 
tured. A  portrait  and  memoir  of  Sir  Richard  \vill  be  found  in  the  Nav. 
Chron  v.  24.  p.  353,  et  aeq.  .  .1  .,  ' 


152  POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1798. 

and  suite,  Jan.  20,  1802.  His  post  commission  bears  date 
Aug.  17,  1798. 

Captain  Forster  married,  Aug.  20,  1811,  Miss  Weekes,  of 
Plympton,  Devon. 

Agent.—    

GEORGE  ASTLE,   ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant  in  1794  j  and  obtained 
post  rank  Aug.  27,  1798.  During  the  remainder  of  the  war 
he  commanded  la  Virginie  frigate,  in  the  East  Indies,  where 
he  took  several  prizes,  and  among  others  captured  three 
Dutch  vessels  of  war,  mounting  in  the  whole  32  guns.  He 
returned  to  England  Feb.  14,  1803. 

Agent. —    

JOHN  TREMAYNE  RODD,  ESQ. 

A  Companion  of  the  most  Honorable  Military  Order  of  the  Bath. 

THIS  officer  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  Post-Captain, 
Sept.  7,  1798.  He  had  previously  commanded  the  Bonetta 
and  Scorpion  sloops  of  war.  In  the  latter  he  captured  the 
Courier,  a  Dutch  vessel  of  6  guns.  At  the  renewal  of  hos- 
tilities, in  1803,  he  was  appointed  Flag-Captain  to  the  late 
Sir  Charles  Cotton,  Bart,  in  the  San  Josef,  a  first  rate ;  and 
in  1805,  to  command  the  Indefatigable  frigate,  under  the 
orders  of  Admiral  Cornwallis  :  but  with  the  exception  of  his 
capturing  la  Diana,  a  French  letter  of  marque  of  14  guns, 
pierced  for  22,  and  68  men,  laden  with  naval  stores,  &c.  for 
the  Isle  of  France ;  and  la  Clarisse,  a  privateer  of  3  guns, 
pierced  for  14,  and  48  men ;  we  find  no  farther  mention  of 
him  until  April,  1809,  when  he  assisted  at  the  destruction  of 
the  French  squadron  in  Aix  Roads  *.  He  was  appointed  to 
the  Warrior  74,  in  the  summer  of  1814. 

Captain  Rodd  married,  in  1809,  the  only  daughter  of 
Major  Rennell,  a  gentleman  well  known  to  the  literary  world. 

Agent. — Sir  Francis  M.  Ommanney,  M.P. 


JOHN  BAKER  HAY,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant  in  1790  j  obtained  post 
rank  Sept.  7, 1798 ;  and  subsequently  commanded  the  Sen- 
•  See  Vol.  I.  p.  84. 


POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1798.  153 

sible  frigate,  and  la  Constance  of  24  guns.  He  was  ap- 
pointed Flag-Captain  to  Sir  James  Hawkins  Whitshed,  in 
Feb.  1821  j  and  died  at  Portsmouth,  May  13,  1823,  in  his 
63d  year. 


SIR  THOMAS   MASTERMAN  HARDY,  BART. 

Knight  Commander  of  the  most  Honorable  Military  Order  of  the  Bath  ;  a 
Colonel  of  the  Royal  Marines ;  Commodore  on  the  coast  of  South  Amer- 
ica ;  and  a  Chief-of-Dlvision  in  the  Portuguese  Navy, 

THIS  officer,  a  native  of  Somersetshire,  early  displayed  a 
decided  attachment  to  the  naval  profession  ;  and,  contrary  to 
the  wishes  of  his  family,  resolutely  began  his  career  of  glory 
without  any  interest  to  promote  his  views.  He  served  for 
some  time  as  Master's-Mate  in  the  Hebe  frigate,  commanded 
by  the  late  gallant  Captain  Alexander  Hood,  in  which  ship 
Vice-Admiral  Sir  George  Cockburn,  whilst  a  Midshipman, 
was  his  messmate.  After  being  separated  by  the  vicissitudes 
of  service  for  many  years,  they  again  met  in  la  Minerve,  of 
which  frigate  Mr.  Hardy  had  been  appointed  a  Lieutenant 
early  in  the  revolutionary  war,  and  in  which  capacity  he 
served  under  his  Friend  Captain  Cockburn  during  the  various 
operations  already  related  in  our  memoir  of  that  officer  *. 

Whilst  preparations  were  making  in  the  fleet  off  Cadiz  for 
an  expedition  against  Teneriffe,  the  gallantry  of  our  seamen 
was  conspicuously  displayed  in  the  road  of  Santa  Cruz.  On 

*  See  Vol.  I.  p.  520  et  seq.  In  addition  to  what  we  have  already  stated 
respecting  the  action  between  la  Minerve  and  the  Spanish  frigate  Sabina, 
it  is  necessary  to  observe,  that  on  the  surrender  of  the  latter,  Lieutenants 
Culverhouse  and  Hardy,  with  40  men,  were  sent  on  board  the  prize,  which 
was  soon  after  taken  in  tow,  but  cast  off  again  in  consequence  of  another 
frigate  approaching.  This  vessel  engaged  la  Minerve  about  half  an  hour, 
and  then  hauled  off.  A  Spanish  squadron  now  hove  in  sight,  and  la  Mi- 
nerve  had  her  own  safety  to  look  to.  The  officers  on  board  the  prize, 
purposely  to  draw  the  attention  of  the  enemy  from  what,  on  more  than  one 
account,  wouUf  have  been  by  far  the  more  valuable  acquisition  of  the  two, 
hoisted  English  over  Spanish  colours ;  and  with  their  few  men,  not  only 
kept  the  prisoners  in  subjection,  but  manoeuvred  with  the  greatest  skill, 
until  the  fall  of  their  masts,  when  they  were  obliged  to  surrender.  On 
€ommodore  Nelson's  return  from  Porto  Ferrajo  to  Gibraltar,  they  bad 
the  gratification  of  being  allowed  to  rejoin  la  Minerve,  having  been  pre- 
viously exchanged  by  the  Spaniards.  '  • 


154  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1798. 

the  28th  Mny,  1797>  Captains  Hallo  well  and  Cockburh, 
of  the  Lively  and  Minerve,  having  discovered  a  French 
brig  of  war  lying  close  to  the  town,  ordered  their  boats, 
under  the  command  of  Lieutenant  Hardy,  to  proceed  into 
the  bay  and  attempt  the  daring  enterprise  of  cutting  her 
out.  Accordingly,  about  2h  30'  P.  M.,  our  officer  proceed- 
ed on  this  service  j  and  being  gallantly  supported  by  Lieu- 
tenant (now  Rear-Admiral)  Gage,  and  his  other  companions, 
he  boarded  and  carried  the  enemy,  notwithstanding  a  steady 
fire  of  musketry  from  the  brig)  and  a  heavy  discharge  of 
artillery  and  small  arms  from  the  shore,  to  which  he  was  for 
a  long  time  exposed,  as  also  to  the  fire  of  a  large  ship  at 
anchor  in  the  road.  The  prize  proved  to  be  la  Mutine, 
mounting  12  long  6-pounders  and  2  brass  36-pr.  carron- 
ades,  having  on  board  about  120  men. 

In  this  dashing  affair  the  British  had  not  a  man  killed,  and  only 
15  wounded,  including  Lieutenant  Hardy,  who  was  immediately 
advanced  for  his  bravery  to  the  rank  of  Commander,  and  ap- 
pointed to  la  Mutine,  in  which  vessel  he  afterwards  became 
more  nearly  associated  with  the  services  of  NELSON,  who 
had  already  borne  public  testimony  to  his  merit,  and  im- 
mediately after  his  late  achievement  had  exerted  his  influence 
with  the  commander-in-chief  to  obtain  him  the  reward  his 
gallant  conduct  merited.  The  following  is  a  copy  of  the  letter 
written  by  Sir  John  Jervis  to  Sir  Horatio  Nelson,  in  reply  to 
his  recommendation  : 

"  My  dear  Admiral. — The  capture  of  la  Mutine  was  so  desperate  an 
enterprise,  that  I  should  certainly  have  promoted  Lieutenant  Hardy,  so 
that  neither  you,  HaUowell,  nor  Cockburn,  have  any  debtor  account  to  ine 
upon  this  occasion.  He  has  got  it  by  his  own  bat,  and  I  hope  will 
prosper." 

We  next  find  Captain  Hardy  accompanying  Nelson  in  pur- 
suit of  the  powerful  armament  which  had  sailed  from  Toulon, 
and  proceeded  to  Egypt,  under  the  command  of  General 
Buonaparte.  Immediately  after  the  defeat  of  the  French  fleet 
in  Aboukir  Bay,  he  was  made  post  into  the  Vanguard  74, 
bearing  the  flag  of  his  heroic  chief,  which  ship  had  become 
vacant  by  the  selection  of  Captain  Berry,  to  convey  the 
official  account  of  the  victory  to  Earl  St.  Vincent*.  His 
commission  was  confirmed  by  the  Admiralty,  Oct.  2,  1798. 

*  Sec  Vol.  I  p.  777. 


t>OST-CAPTAiNS  OF    1798*  155 

Towards  the  latter  end  of  the  same  year  King  Ferdi- 
nand of  Naples,  and  his  Court,  embarked  in  the  Vanguard, 
for  a  passage  to  Palermo,  where  that  persecuted  monarch 
presented  Captain  Hardy  with  his  miniature  on  a  box  set 
round  with  a  double  row  of  diamonds.  Nelson  soon  after- 
wards shifted  his  flag  into  the  Foudroyant  of  80  guns,  to 
which  ship  Captain  Hardy  also  removed.  In  the  ensuing 
Bummer  the  Rear- Admiral  went  to  Naples ;  and,  as  his  royal 
guest  was  pleased  to  say,  "  reconquered  his  kingdom,  and 
placed  him  upon  his  throne." 

Captain  Hardy  continued  to  command  the  Foudroyant  till 
Oct.  12,  1799;  When  Captain  Berry  having  joined  from  Eng- 
land, he  was  appointed,  'pro  tempore,  to  the  Princess  Char- 
lotte frigate.  On  his  return  from  the  Mediterranean,  he  was 
introduced  by  letter  to  Nelson's  august  friend,  the  Duke  of 
Clarence,  and  recommended  to  the  notice  of  His  Royal  High* 
ness,  "  as  an  officer  of  the  most  distinguished  merit" 

Our  officer  subsequently  served  as  Flag-Captain  to  Lord 
Nelson,  in  the  Namur,  San  Josef,  and  St.  George,  the  latter 
forming  part  of  the  fleet  destined  to  dissolve  the  Northern 
Confederacy.  The  particulars  of  the  sanguinary  battle  off 
Copenhagen,  April  2,  1801,  have  already  been  given,  under 
the  head  of  Vice-Admiral  Sir  Thomas  Foley  *  j  to  which  we 
have  only  to  add,  that  during  the  preceding  night,  Captain 
Hardy  was  employed  sounding  the  channel,  and  ascertaining 
the  bearing  of  the  eastern  end  of  the  Middle  Ground,  the 
greatest  obstacle,  as  it  afterwards  proved,  that  the  British 
had  to  contend  with  in  their  approach  towards  the  Danish 
line  of  defence.  On  this  occasion  he  rowed  in  his  boat  to  the 
enemy's  leading  ship,  sounding  round  her,  and  using  a  pole 
when  he  was  apprehensive  of  being  heard.  On  his  return  to 
the  Elephant,  into  which  ship  Lord  Nelson  had  removed,  for 
the  purpose  of  more  immediately  superintending  the  opera- 
tions of  his  division,  Captain  Hardy  reported  the  practicabi- 
lity of  the  channel,  and  the  depth  of  water  up  to  the  Danish 
line  :  had  his  report  been  abided  by,  instead  of  confiding  in 
the  masters  and  pilots,  the  latter  of  whom  were  in  general 
mates  of  vessels  trading  from  the  ports  of  Scotland  and  north 

*  See  Vol.  1.  note  at  p,  365,  et  seq. 


156  POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1798.  y 

of  England  to  the  Baltic,  there  can  be  no  doubt  that  those 
ships  which  unfortunately  took  the  ground  would  have  reached 
the  several  stations  assigned  to  them,  and  thus  been  spared 
the  mortification  of  remaining  exposed  to  the  fire  from  the 
Crown-batteries,  without  being  able  to  render  that  effectual 
support  to  their  companions  which  they  wished. 

On  the  4th  of  April  Lord  Nelson  landed  at  Copenhagen, 
accompanied  by  Captains  Freemantle  and  Hardy,  and  received 
all  possible  attention  from  the  Crown  Prince.  A  strong  guard 
secured  his  Lordship's  safety,  and  appeared  necessary  to  keep 
off  the  mob,  whose  rage,  although  mixed  with  admiration  at 
his  thus  trusting  himself  amongst  them,  was  naturally  to  be 
expected.  The  events  of  the  2d,  had  plunged  the  whole  town 
into  a  state  of  terror,  astonishment,  and  mourning :  the  oldest 
inhabitant  had  never  before  seen  a  shot  fired  in  anger  at  his 
native  country.  The  battle  of  that  day,  and  the  return  of  the 
wounded  to  the  care  of  their  friends  on  the  3d,  were  certainly 
not  events  that  could  induce  the  Danish  nation  to  receive 
their  conqueror  with  much  cordiality.  It  perhaps  savoured 
of  rashness  in  Lord  Nelson  thus  early  to  risk  himself  amongst 
them ;  but  with  him  his  country's  cause  was  paramount  to 
all  personal  consideration.  . 

Sir  Hyde  Parker,  having  left  those  ships  which  were  the 
most  disabled  in  the  late  conflict,  under  the  care  of  Lord 
Nelson,  whose  flag  was  again  flying  on  board  the  St.  George, 
proceeded  with  the  rest  of  his  fleet  up  the  Baltic,  for  the 
purpose  of  chastising  the  Russians  and  Swedes.  The  sudden 
death  of  the  Emperor  Paul,  however,  which  was  immediately 
followed  by  pacific  overtures  from  his  successor,  the  present 
Czar,  prevented  the  farther  effusion  of  blood ;  and  early  in 
the  month  of  May,  Sir  Hyde  resigned  the  command  to  Nel- 
son, who  subsequently  visited  Revel  and  Rostock,  at  which 
latter  place  he  received  a  visit  from  the  Duke  of  Mecklenburgh 
Strelitz,  brother  to  the  consort  of  his  late  Majesty.  The  bad 
state  of  his  Lordship's  health,  however,  compelled  him  to  apply 
for  leave  to  return  to  England ;  and,  about  the  middle  of 
June,  he  was  succeeded  in  the  command  of  the  Baltic  fleet  by 
his  worthy  friend  Sir  C.  M.  Pole,  who  remained  on  that  sta- 
tion till  the  latter  end  of  July  j  when,  there  being  no  longer 


POST-CAPTArNS    OP    1798.  157 

any  occasion  for  so  powerful  a  force  there,  he  returned  from 
thence  in  the  St.  George  *. 

Soon  after  Captain  Hardy's  arrival  in  England  he  was  ap- 
pointed to  the  Isis  of  50  guns  ;  and  in  the  spring  of  the  fol- 
lowing year  he  conveyed  H.  R.  H.  the  late  Duke  of  Kent  to 
Gibraltar.  He  next  commanded  the  Amphion  of  32  guns, 
and  carried  out  Lord  R.  Fitzgerald  on  an  embassy  to  the 
Court  of  Portugal.  The  Amphion  returned  to  Spithead  from 
Lisbon,  Dec.  10,  1802. 

It  was  on  the  16th  May,  1803,  that  a  royal  message  to 
both  Houses  of  Parliament  announced  a  fresh  rupture  with 
France.  The  eyes  of  the  British  public  were  instantly  di- 
rected toward  their  invincible  Admiral;  and,  agreeably  to  the 
national  wish,  Lord  Nelson  was  immediately  appointed  to 
the  chief  command  of  the  Mediterranean  fleet.  His  Lordship 
sailed  for  that  station  in  the  Victory  of  100  guns,  accompa- 
nied by  Captain  Hardy  in  the  Amphion ;  and  on  his  arrival 
off  Brest  shifted  his  flag  to  that  frigate,  where  it  remained 
till  he  was  rejoined  by  the  Victory  off  Toulon  at  the  latter 
end  of  July  f.  From  this  period  till  the  termination  of  that 
hero's  glorious  career,  Captain  Hardy  was  his  constant  com- 
panion. 

The  particulars  of  Lord  Nelson's  memorable  excursion  to 
the  West  Indies,  will  be  found  under  the  head  of  Sir  Pulteney 
Malcolm,  in  a  note  at  p.  589,  et  seq.  of  our  first  volume;  at 
the  conclusion  of  which  we  left  his  Lordship  returning  to 
Spithead,  filled  with  mortification  on  account  of  the  combined 
squadrons  of  France  arid  Spain  having  eluded  his  vigilance^. 

*  Previous  to  Lord  Nelson's  departure  from  the  Baltic,  he  received  in- 
structions to  invest  Rear-Admiral  Graves,  who  had  so  ably  seconded  him 
in  the  late  battle,  with  the  Order  of  the  Bath.  This  ceremony  was  per- 
formed with  all  possible  dignity,  June  14th,  on  the  quarter-deck  of  the 
St.  George, 
t  See  Vol.  I.  p.  833. 

J  The  reader  is  requested  to  make  the  following  corrections  in  the  note 
alluded  to  above  :  p.  590,  lines  24  and  25,  for  William  Gordon  Rutherford, 
read  Mark  Robinson :  p.  591,  line  20  /ram  bottom,  for  tee,  read  he;  tine 
14  from  bottom,  after  1 9th,  insert  June. 

N.  B.  Rear  Admiral  George  Murray  was  Lord  Nelson's  first  captain . 
The  Northumberland  and  Spartiate  were  the  two  ships  which  joined  his 
Lordship  at  Barbadoes ;  the  former  was  left  on  her  station  when  he  re- 
turned to  Europe. 


158  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1798. 

Towards  the  end  of  August  1805,  Captain  Blackwood  of  the 
Euryalus  arrived  at  the  Admiralty,  with  intelligence  of  the 
enemy  having  put  into  Cadiz,  where  they  were  watched  by 
Vice- Admiral  Collingwood ;  and  on  the  14th  of  the  following 
month,  Lord  Nelson  again  embarked  on  board  the  Victory, 
The  scene  is  described  as  having  been  singularly  affecting- 
He  was  followed  to  the  beach  by  numbers  of  the  inhabitants 
of  Portsmouth  in  tears,  many  of  whom  knelt  down  before 
him  and  blessed  the  beloved  hero  of  the  British  nation.  The 
affectionate  heart  of  Nelson  could  not  but  sympathise  with 
the  general  interest  that  his  countrymen  took  in  his  welfiare, 
and  turning  round  to  Captain  Hardy,  he  said,  "  I  had  their 
huzzas  before — /  have  now  their  hearts."  The  Victory 
weighed  on  the  15th,  at  day-break,  and,  accompanied  by  the 
Euryalus,  worked  down  Channel  against  contrary  and  strong 
gales. 

After  encountering  much  blowing  weather,  his  Lordship 
arrived  off  Cadiz  on  the  29th  Sept.  j  and  from  that  day  till  the 
21st  Oct.  never  came  in  sight  of  land,  in  order  that  the  enemy 
might  be  kept  in  ignorance  of  his  force :  the  wisdom  of  this 
plan  was  strongly  proved  by  subsequent  events.  The  French 
commander-in-chief,  M.  Villeneuve,  repeatedly  declared  his 
belief  that  Nelson,  by  detaching  six  sail  of  the  line  to  the 
Mediterranean,  had  reduced  the  British  fleet  so  much  as 
to  render  it  one-third  weaker  than  those  of  France  and 
Spain*1. 

We  now  come  to  the  great  and  terrible  day  of  the  battle, 
When,  as  it  has  been  well  expressed,  "  God  gave  us  victory, 
but  Nelson  died."  The  two  columns  of  the  British  fleet,  led 
on  by  the  commander-in-chief  and  his  worthy  second,  the 
gallant  Collingwood,  advanced  with  light  airs  and  all  sail  set, 
towards  the  van  and  centre  of  the  enemy ;  the  former  steering 
for  the  bow  of  the  huge  Santissima  Trinidada,  the  latter 
cutting  through  their  line  astern  of  another  Spanish  first-rate. 
The  succeeding  ships  of  each  column  vied  with  each  other  in 
following  their  leaders'  example.  The  enemy  at  first  dis- 
played considerable  coolness  j  and,  as  the  Victory  approached, 
such  of  their  ships  as  were  a-head  of  her,  and  on  her  bows, 


• 


•  For  the  respective  force  of  the  hostile  fleets,  see  Vol.  I,  pp.  205^-6. 


POST-CAPTAINS  OP  1798.  159 

frequently  fired  single  guns,  in  order  to  ascertain  whether 
she  was  within  range.  A  shot  having  passed  through  her 
main-top-gallant-sail,  they  opened  a  tremendous  fire,  by 
which  the  Victory  had  about  20  men  killed,  and  30  others 
wounded,  before  she  returned  a  shot.  Her  spars,  sails,  and 
rigging,  were  also  much  injured  ;  when  at  length  she  opened 
her  larboard  guns  on  the  combined  van.  Captain  Hardy  soon 
afterwards  informed  his  chief  that  it  would  be  impossible  to 
break  through  their  line,  without  running  on  board  the  Santis- 
sima  Trinidada  or  the  Bucentaure  (the  latter  a  French  80-gun 
ship,  bearing  the  flag  of  M.  Villeneuve),  and  begged  to  know 
which  he  would  prefer.  t(  Take  your  choice,  Hardy,"  re« 
plied  the  hero,  "  it  does  not  much  signify  which.'*  The 
helm  was  now  put  a-port,  and  a  raking  fire  poured  into  the 
aterns  of  those  ships ;  after  which,  and  being  raked  herself  by 
the  Neptune,  a  French  74,  the  Victory,  in  the  act  of  coming 
to  the  wind,  fell  on  board  the  Redoubtable  74  ;  which  ship, 
after  discharging  a  broadside,  let  down  her  lower-deck  ports, 
probably  that  she  might  not  be  boarded  through  them  ;  nor 
were  they  again  opened.  Some  time  after  this  the  Fougueux, 
another  French  74,  ran  foul  of  the  Temeraire,  which  ship  had 
been  previously  lashed  to  the  Redoubtable  on  her  starboard 
side:  so  that  the  extraordinary  and  unprecedented  circumstance 
occurred,  of  four  ships  of  the  line  being  on  board  of  each 
other  in  the  heat  of  battle,  forming  almost  as  compact  a  tier 
as  if  they  had  been  moored  together,  their  heads  all  lying 
nearly  in  the  same  direction, 

In  the  first  heat  of  the  action,  Mr.  Scott,  the  Admiral's 
Secretary,  was  killed  by  a  cannon-shot,  whilst  in  conversa- 
tion with  Captain  Hardy.  A  few  minutes  afterwards  a  shot 
struck  the  fore-brace  bits,  and  passing  between  Lord  Nelson 
and  Captain  Hardy,  drove  some  splinters  about  them,  one  of 
which  bruised  the  foot  of  the  latter  officer,  and  tore  the 
buckle  from  his  shoe.  They  mutually  looked  at  each  other, 
when  Nelson  smiled  and  said,  "  This  is  too  ivarm  work  to 
last,  Hardy."  His  Lordship  also  at  this  time  noticed  the 
coolness  displayed  by  his  crew,  and  declared,  that  in  all  his 
battles  he  had  seen  nothing  that  could  surpass  it. 

The  Redoubtable,  in  lieu  of  her  great  guns,  kept  up  a  heavy 
fire  of  musketry  from  her  decks  and  tops,  by  which  alone 


160  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1798. 

the  Victory  had  upwards  of  40  men  killed  and  wounded.  About 
an  hour  and  a  quarter  after  the  commencement  of  the  battle, 
Lord  Nelson  and  Captain  Hardy  were  observed  to  be  walking 
near  the  middle  of  the  quarter-deck  :  the  Admiral  had  just 
commended  the  manner  in  which  one  of  the  British  ships  near 
him  was  fought :  Captain  Hardy  advanced  from  him  to  give 
some  necessary  directions  j  and  his  Lordship  was  in  the  act  of 
turning  near  the  hatchway,  with  his  face  towards  the  stern, 
when  a  musket-ball  struck  him  on  the  left  shoulder,  and  en- 
tering through  the  epaulet,  passed  through  the  spine,  and 
lodged  in  the  muscles  of  the  back,  towards  the  right  side. 
He  instantly  fell  with  his  face  on  the  deck,  in  the  very  place 
that  was  covered  with  the  blood  of  his  Secretary.  Captain 
Hardy,  on  turning  round,  saw  .three  men  raising  him. 
"  Hardy"  said  his  Lordship,  "  /  believe  they  have  done  it  at 
last ;  my  back  bone  is  shot  through" 

An  extraordinary  instance  of  his  Lordship's  presence  of 
mind  when  in  the  arms  of  death,  is  related  by  Dr.  Beatty, 
who  has  still  in  his  possession  the  fatal  ball  which  terminated 
the  existence  of  the  greatest  naval  commander  that  ever 
breathed.  "  While  the  men  were  carrying  him  down  the 
ladder  from  the  middle-deck,  his  Lordship  observed  that  the 
tiller-ropes  were  not  yet  replaced,  and  desired  one  of  the  Mid- 
shipmen stationed  there  to  go  upon  the  quarter-deck,  and 
remind  Captain  Hardy  of  that  circumstance,  and  request  that 
new  ones  should  be  immediately  rove.  Having  delivered  this 
order,  he  took  his  handkerchief  from  his  pocket,  and  covered 
his  face  with  it,  that  he  might  be  conveyed  to  the  cockpit  at 
this  crisis  unknown  to  the  crew."  When  the  Surgeon  had 
executed  his  melancholy  office  of  ascertaining  the  direction  of 
the  ball,  expressed  the  general  feeling  that  prevailed  on  the 
occasion,  and  repeatedly  been  urged  by  the  Admiral  to  go 
and  attend  to  the  other  wounded  officers  and  men,  he  re- 
luctantly obeyed,  but  continued  to  return  at  intervals.  As 
the  blood  flowed  internally  from  the  wound,  the  lower  cavity 
of  the  body  gradually  filled ;  his  Lordship  therefore  con- 
stantly desired  Mr.  Burke,  the  Purser,  to  raise  him,  and,  com- 
plaining  of  an  excessive  thirst,  was  supplied  with  lemonade 
by  the  Rev.  Mr.  Scott.  In  this  state  of  suffering  his  noble 
spirit  remained  unsubdued.  His  mind  continued  intent  on 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1798.  161 

the  great  object  that  was  always  before  him,  his  duty  to  his 
country ;  he  therefore  anxiously  inquired  for  Captain  Hardy, 
to  know  whether  the  annihilation  of  the  enemy  might  be  de- 
pended on  j  but  it  was  upwards  of  an  hour  before  our  officer 
could,  at  so  critical  a  period,  leave  the  deck,  and  Lord  Nelson 
became  apprehensive  that  his  brave  associate  was  dead.  The 
crew  of  the  Victory  were  now  heard  to  cheer,  and  he  anxiously 
demanded  the  cause;  when  Lieutenant  Pasco,  who  lay 
wounded  near  him,  said  that  one  of  their  opponents  had 
struck.  A  gleam  of  devout  joy  lighted  up  the  countenance  of 
Nelson ;  and  as  the  crew  repeated  their  cheers,  and  marked 
the  progress  of  his  victory,  his  satisfaction  visibly  encreased. 
"  Will  no  one,"  exclaimed  he,  "  bring  Hardy  to  me?  He 
must  be  killed  j  I  am  certain  he  is  dead."  His  wishes  were 
at  length  gratified ;  Captain  Hardy  soon  afterwards  descended 
to  the  cockpit,  and  anxiously  strove  to  conceal  the  feelings 
with  which  he  had  been  struggling.  "  How  does  the  day  go 
with  us,  Hardy  ?"  "  Ten  ships,  my  Lord,  have  struck." 
"  But  none  of  ours,  I  hope  ?  "  "  There  is  no  fear,  my  dear 
Lord,  of  that.  Five  of  their  van  have  tacked,  and  shew  an 
intention  of  bearing  down  upon  us  ;  but  I  have  called  some 
of  our  fresh  ships  around  the  Victory,  and  have  no  doubt  of 
your  complete  success."  Having  said  this,  he  found  himself 
unable  any  longer  to  suppress  the  yearnings  of  a  brave  and 
affectionate  heart,  and  hurried  away  for  a  time  to  conceal  the 
bitterness  of  his  sorrow. 

For  about  fifteen  minutes  after  Lord  Nelson  received  his 
mortal  wound,  the  Redoubtable  continued  to  sustain  the  fire 
of  the  two  British  3-deckers,  she  herself  pouring  in  constant 
discharges  of  musketry  upon  the  decks  of  her  antagonists. 
To  obviate  the  danger  of  the  Temeraire's  suffering  from  the 
Victory's  shot  passing  through  the  French  ship,  the  star- 
board guns  of  the  former  were  depressed,  and  fired  with  a 
diminished  charge  of  powder,  and  three  shot  each,  into  the 
enemy.  The  larboard  guns  ofthe  Victory  were  occasionally 
used  in  returning  the  fire  of  the  Santissima  Trinidada,  Bucen- 
taure,  and  other  ships  in  the  van,  from  whose  shot,  during 
the  progress  of  the  battle,  she  received  considerable  injury. 

At  length,  after  having  been  twice  in  flames  herself, 
and  by  throwing  combustibles  occasioned  a  fire  among 

VOL.  II.  M 


102  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1796. 

some  ropes  and  canvas  on  the  Victory's  booms,  the  Redoubt- 
able, having  lost  her  bowsprit,  main  and  mizen-masts,  and 
rbre-top-mast,  and  being,  as  we  may  readily  imagine,  in  a 
dreadfully  shattered  condition,  ceased  her  opposition  and 
surrendered. 

Towards  the  close  of  the  combat,  Captain  Hardy  again 
visited  the  cockpit,  and  reported  to  his  dying  chief  the  num- 
ber of  ships  that  had  struck.     "  God  be  praised,  Hardy ! " 
replied  the  expiring  hero ;  "  bring  the  fleet  to  an  anchor." 
The  delicacy  of  Captain  Hardy's  situation,  there  being  no 
Captain  of  the  Fleet*,  was  peculiarly  embarrassing;  and, 
with  as  much  feeling  as  the  subject  would  admit  of,  he  hinted 
at   the   command   devolving  on  Vice- Admiral  Collingwood. 
Nelson,  feeling  the  vast  importance  of  the  fleet  being  brought 
to  anchor,  and  with  the  ruling  passion  of  his  soul  predomi- 
nant in  death,  replied  somewhat  indignantly,  "  not  whilst  I 
live,  I  hope,  Hardy;  "  and  vainly  endeavouring,  at  the  mo- 
ment,  to   raise  himself  on  the  pallet,  "  Do  you,"  said  he, 
"  bring  the  fleet  to  anchor."     Captain  Hardy  was  returning 
to  the  quarter-deck,  when  the  Admiral  called  him  back  and 
delivered  his  last  injunctions*,  desiring,  among  other  matters 
of  a  private  nature,  that  his  body  might  be  carried  home,  and, 
unless  his  Sovereign  should  otherwise  command  it,  be  buried 
by  the  side  of  his  parents.     He  then  took  his  faithful  follower 
by  the  hand,  and  observing,  that  he  would  most  probably  not 
see  him  again  alive,  desired  Captain  Hardy  to  kiss  him,  that 
he  might  seal  their  long  friendship  with  that  affection  which 
pledged  sincerity  in  death.     Captain  Hardy   stood  for  a  few 
minutes  in  silent  agony  over  the  body  of  him  he  so  truly  re- 
garded, and  then  kneeling  dbwn,  again  kissed  his  forehead  : 
"  Who  is  that  ?  "  said  the  dying  warrior:  "  It  is  Hardy,  my 
Lord."  "God  bless  you,  Hardy,"  replied  Nelson  feebly,  and 
shortly  after  added,  "  I  wish  I  had  not  left  the  deck,  I  shall 
soon  be  gone; "  his  voice  then  gradually  became  inarticu- 
late, with  an  evident  increase  of  pain  :  when,  after  a  feeble 
struggle,  these  last  words  were  distinctly  heard, — "  I  HAVE 

*  Rear-Admiral  George  Murray,  who  had  formerly  filled  the  honorable 
post  of  Captaia  of  the  Fleet,  having  occasion  to  remain  in  England  to  settle 
some  family  affairs,  left  his  Lordship  on  his  return  from  the  West  Indies. 


POST-CAPTAINS     OP    1798.  163 

DONE  MY  DUTY,  I  PRAISE  GOD  tfOR  IT."  Having  said  this, 
he  turned  his  face  towards  Mr.  Burke,  on  whose  arm  he  had 
been  supported ;  and  great  as  must  have  been  his  previous 
sufferings,  expired  without  a  struggle  or  a  groan,  at  half-past 
four  o'clock,  just  three  hours  and  a  quarter  after  he  had  re- 
ceived the  fatal  wound,  and  about  fifteen  minutes  after  Cap- 
tain Hardy  left  him  *. 

According  to  the  official  statements,  the  total  loss  sus- 
tained by  the  Victory  in  this  ever  memorable  combat,  was  57 
killed  and  Jb  wounded  ;  but,  according  to  Dr.  Beatty's  Nar- 
rative, the  real  number  of  wounded  was  102  ;  27  men  having 
reported  themselves  too  late  to  be  included  in  the  returns  f. 

The  Victory  having  been  made  sea-worthy  at  Gibraltar, 
where  she  arrived  seven  days  after  the  battle,  passed  through 
the  Straits  during  the  night  of  the  4th  of  November,  and 
the  next  day  at  noon  joined  Vice-Admiral  Collingwood  off 
Cadiz.  Captain  Hardy  parted  company  in  the  evening,  and 
stood  for  England.  The  body  of  Lord  Nelson  had  been  pre- 
served with  the  greatest  care  and  attention  by  the  Surgeon  ; 
at  first  in  brandy,  and  afterwards,  on  arriving  at  Gibraltar, 
where  a  sufficient  quantity  could  be  procured,  with  a  portion 
of  spirits  of  wine  mixed  with  brandy.  After  a  long  and  me- 
lancholy passage,  the  Victory  arrived  at  St.  Helen's  on  the 
4th  December,  when  the  Port-Admiral  made  the  signal  for 
the  ships  at  Spithead  and  in  Portsmouth  harbour  to  strike 
their  colours  half-mast.  The  recollection  how  lately  she  had 
sailed,  bearing  the  flag  of  that  great  Admiral,  whose  remains 

*  A  short  time  previous  to  the  commencement  of  the  battle,  Captains 
Blackwood  and  Hardy  witnessed  Lord  Nelson's  will.  To  the  latter  officer 
his  Lordship  bequeathed  a  small  legacy,  and  all  his  telescopes. 

f  It  is  said  to  have  been  the  intention  of  Vice-Admiral  Collingwood,  to 
have  sent  the  body  of  Lord  Nelson  home  in  the  Euryalus  frigate,  until  a 
very  strong  reluctance  was  manifested  by  the  crew  of  the  Victory  to  part 
with  so  valuable  a  relic,  to  which  they  felt  almost  an  exclusive  claim  :  they 
remonstrated  through  one  of  their  boatswain's  mates,  against  the  removal, 
upon  a  ground  that  could  not  be  resisted  :  he  said,  "  the  noble  Admiral 
had  fought  with  them,  and  fell  on  their  own  deck  j  that  if,  by  being  put  ou 
board  a  frigate,  his  body  should  fall  into  the  hands  of  the  enemy,  it  would 
make  their  loss  doubly  grievous  to  them  ;  and,  therefore,  that  they  were 
one  and  all  resolved  to  carry  it  safely  to  England,  or  to  go  to  the  bottom 
along  with  it  themselves." 

M  2 


164  POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1798. 

she  now  brought  home  to  his  country  for  burial,  rendered  her 
an  object  of  the  greatest  interest.  Her  shattered  and  dis- 
mantled state  declared  the  fury  of  the  battle  in  which  the  hero 
fell,  and  her  decks  were  still  stained  with  the  blood  of  those 
who  had  avenged  his  death.  She  had  received  86  shot  be- 
tween wind  and  water.  Her  fore  and  main-masts  had  been 
very  badly  wounded,  and  were  filled  with  musket-balls  ;  she 
had  a  jury  mizen-mast  and  jury  fore  and  main-top-masts  ;  and 
many  round  shot  were  to  be  seen  in  her  bowsprit  and  bows. 

On  the  llth  Dec.  Captain  Hardy  sailed  from  Spithead  for 
the  Nore,  but  did  not  reach  the  Downs  till  the  17th.  On  the 
22d  the  Victory  was  met  by  a  yatch  sent  from  Sheerness  with 
the  York  Herald  and  Mr.  Tyson,  formerly  Secretary  to  the 
deceased  Admiral,  to  receive  the  corpse.  In  the  evening,  when 
they  got  on  board,  and  had  declared  the  purpose  for  which 
they  came,  a  general  gloom  and  impressive  silence  pervaded 
the  whole  ship.  On  the  coffin  being  lowered  down  from  the 
Victory,  the  flag  of  Nelson,  which  had  been  flying  half-mast 
high  ever  since  the  battle,  was  struck,  and  immediately  sent  on 
board  the  yacht,  where  it  was  again  hoisted  in  the  same  fu- 
nereal manner. 

In  the  evening  of  the  24th  the  body  was  landed  at  Green- 
wich, and  depo'sited  in  the  Record-room  of  the  Royal  Hos- 
pital, preparatory  to  its  lying  in  state  in  the  Painted  Hall. 
The  Victory  proceeded  to  Chatham,  where  she  was  soon  after 
put  out  of  commission  for  the  purpose  of  being  repaired. 

On  the  9th  Jan.  1806,  the  day  on  which  the  remains  of 
Lord  Nelson  were  interred  in  the  Cathedral  Church  of  St. 
Paul's,  Captain  Hardy  bore  the  Banner  of  Emblems  before 
the  relations  of  the  deceased.  In  the  following  month  he  was 
created  a  Baronet  of  Great  Britain ;  and  in  the  ensuing  spring 
appointed  to  the  Triumph  of  74  guns,  on  the  Halifax  station. 
He  subsequently  served  under  the  orders  of  the  late  Admiral 
Berkeley,  at  Lisbon;  and  in  1811,  the  Portuguese  Govern- 
ment conferred  upon  him  the  rank  of  a  Chief-of-Division  in 
the  royal  armada  of  Portugal,  doubling  at  the  same  tune  the 
pay  attached  to  that  appointment. 

In  August  1812,  Sir  Thomas  M.  Hardy  obtained  the  com- 
mand of  the  Ramillies,  another  third  rate ;  and  towards  the 
close  of  the  same  year,  proceeded  in  that  ship  to  reinforce 


POST-CAPTAINS   OP    1798.  165 

the  fleet  on  the  coast  of  North  America.  During  the  sum- 
mer of  1813,  he  commanded  a  squadron  employed  off  New 
London,  watching  two  frigates  and  a  sloop  of  war  belonging  to 
the  United  States.  On  the  25th  June  a  boat  was  sent  from  the 
Ramillies  to  cut  off  a  schooner,  which  was  making  for  that 
harbour.  She  was  taken  possession  of  about  eleven  o'clock, 
the  crew  having  deserted  her  after  letting  go  her  only  anchor. 
The  officer  of  the  boat  brought  the  prize  near  the  Ramillies, 
and  informed  Sir  Thomas  Hardy  that  she  was  laden  with  pro- 
visions and  naval  stores.  Very  fortunately  for  the  ship  he  com- 
manded, SirThomas  ordered  the  schooner  to  be  taken  alongside 
a  trading  sloop  which  had  been  captured  a  few  days  before  ; 
for  while  they  were  in  the  act  of  securing  her,  about  half  past 
two  o'clock,  she  blew  up  with  a  tremendous  explosion,  and  a 
Lieutenant  (Geddes)  and  ten  valuable  seamen  lost  their  lives. 
It  was  afterwards  ascertained,  that  this  schooner,  the  Eagle, 
of  New  York,  was  fitted  out  by  two  merchants  of  that  place, 
induced  by  the  American  government  offering  half  the  value 
of  the  British  ships  of  war  so  destroyed,  for  the  express  pur- 
pose of  burning  the  Ramillies ;  and  hearing  that  that  ship 
was  short  of  provisions  and  stores,  they  placed  some  in  the 
hatch-way  hoping  thereby  to  induce  Sir  Thomas  Hardy  to 
take  her  alongside.  Under  the  provisions  were  deposited 
several  casks  of  gun-powder,  with  trains  leading  to  a  maga- 
zine, which  was  fitted  upon  the  same  mechanical  principles 
as  clock-work.  When  it  had  run  the  time  given  to  it  by  the 
winder- up,  it  gave  force  to  a  sort  of  gun-lock.  The  explosion 
of  the  vessel,  and  the  destruction  of  all  that  might  be  near  it, 
was  the  end  proposed.  *We  shall  not  attempt  to  comment  on 
an  act,  the  success  of  which  would  have  hurled  so  many 
hundred  persons  as  were  on  board  the  Ramillies  into  eternity ; 
every  friend  of  humanity  rejoiced  at  its  failure. 

Towards  the  conclusion  of  the  war  with  America,  Sir 
Thomas  M.  Hardy,  in  conjunction  with  a  detachment  of  the 
army  under  Lieutenant-Colonel  Pilkington,  took  possession 
of  the  islands  in  Passamaquoddy  Bay.  He  also  bombarded 
the  town  of  Stonington,  which  had  been  conspicious  in  pre- 
paring and  harbouring  torpedoes,  and  giving  assistance  to  the 
enemy's  attempts  at  the  destruction  of  the  British  ships  of 
war  stationed  off  New  London^ 


166  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1798. 

At  the  enlargement  of  the  Order  of  the  Bath,  Jan.  2, 
Sir  Thomas  M.  Hardy  was  nominated  a  K.  C.  B. ;  audio 
July,  1816,  he  obtained  the  command  of  a  royal  yatch.  He 
was  appointed  to  the  Superb  of  78  guns,  Nov.  30,  1818  ;  and 
in  the  following  year  hoisted  a  broad  pendant  in  that  ship,  as 
Commodore  of  the  squadron  employed  in  South  America ; 
from  which  station  he  has  returned  since  the  first  part  of 
this  memoir  went  to  the  press. 

Of  the  nature  of  the  service  on  the  coast  of  South  America, 
so  little  is  generally  known  that  a  slight  sketch  of  it  may  not 
be  without  interest  to  some  of  our  readers. 

Owing  to  the  unacknowledged  political  existence  of  the 
South  American  governments,  they  have  been  diplomatically 
neglected  by  European  nations ;  we  at  least  have  hitherto 
had  no  Ambassador  there,  no  Consuls,  nor  indeed  any  public 
authorities  whatever.  But  as  the  commerce  of  those  countries, 
upon  being  freed  from  the  Spanish  yoke,  became  at  once  con- 
siderable, and  was  rapidly  increasing ;  and  as  many  British 
merchants  were  resident  there,  and  much  British  capital  float- 
ing about,  it  became  necessary  that  some  protection  should 
be  afforded  to  those  interests,  and  a  watchful  eye  kept  over 
the  proceedings  of  States  which,  though  still  in  a  state  of 
infancy,  were  nevertheless  respectable  from  their  wealth  and 
extent. 

As  it  had  ever  been  usual  to  station  men  of  war  wherever 
commerce  was  in  activity,  there  was  nothing  novel,  or 
calculated  to  excite  jealousy,  in  having  a  squadron  in  South 
America.  The  duties  of  this  squadron  became  important  in 
proportion  as  the  new  States,  feeling  their  growing  strength, 
were  inclined  to  give  trouble,  either  by  new  and  oppressive 
commercial  laws,  or  by  interfering  with  the  personal  liberty, 
and  sometimes  by. detaining  the  ships,  of  our  countrymen. 
Many  of  the  countries  of  which  we  are  speaking  were,  it 
must  be  recollected,  in  a  state  of  war.  Some  of  their  ports 
were  blockaded,  and  every  source  of  jealousy  and  distrust 
let  loose.  Others  had  more  than  one  government — and  the 
consequent  confusion  was  greatly  augmented  by  the  eager- 
ness of  commercial  speculation,  which  led  many  individuals 
to  despise  all  prudence,  and  all  local  regulations,  in  order,  at 
every  hazard,  to  force  their  trade  :  this  was  naturally  follow- 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1/98.  167 

ed  by  seizures,  confiscations,  and  a  long  train  of  appeals.  The 
governments  too,  were  often  ignorant  of  what  was  cus- 
tomary, and  generally  obstinate ;  but  not  infrequently  they 
were  right — and  our  own  countrymen  not  easily  defended. 
Under  these  circumstances  the  greatest  temper  and  judgment, 
and  the  nicest  arrangement,  were  necessary ;  but  it  is  scarcely 
possible,  without  entering  into  long  details,  to  afford  a  just 
conception  of  the  effective  manner  in  which  those  complicated 
duties  were  conducted  by  Sir  Thomas  Hardy. 

It  will  be  easily  understood  why  services  of  this  nature  are 
not  suited  to  strike  the  public  eye  in  a  Gazette ;  but  it  is  cer- 
tainly to  be  lamented,  that  the  successful  exercise  of  such 
qualities  should  be  confined  to  the  knowledge  of  a  few  officers 
whom  accident  had  placed  within  its  view,  and  be  utterly 
unknown  to  the  public,  and  to  the  body  of  the  naval  service, 
to  whom  the  example  is  of  so  much  consequence.  These 
things  are  the  more  worthy  of  remark  from  their  requiring 
an  exertion  of  powers  very  different  from  those  which  it  has 
heretofore  been  almost  the  exclusive  duty  of  officers  to  che- 
rish. '  Yet  it  is  pleasing  to  think  that  the  qualities  of  patient 
forbearance  and  of  conciliatory  kindness  may,  at  times,  prove 
as  useful  to  the  public  service,  as  the  more  energetic  talents 
of  enterprise  and  action.  In  South  America,  indeed,  where 
we  were  at  peace,  any  shew  of  violence  must  have  been  mis- 
chievous to  the  British  interests,  and  could  have  accomplished 
nothing.  Yet  there  was  no  want  of  provocation,  for  injustice 
was  often  committed,  and  the  national  honor,  it  might  seem, 
sometimes  threatened  ;  and  although  there  could  not  be  for 
a  moment  a  question,  that  these  things  required  adequate 
redress,  yet  there  was  no  ordinary  skill  and  dexterity  displayed 
in  the  way  in  which  it  was  sought  and  obtained,  so  as  to  leave 
things  better  for  us  than  before.  These  cases  were  scarcely 
ever  alike,  so  that  experience  did  little  more  than  teach  the 
truth  and  solidity  of  the  principles,  by  which  our  conduct  was 
regulated.  Had  we  always  had  right  on  our  siderthat  is,  had 
the  commercial  transactions  which  we  had  to  protect  always 
been  pure,  and  the  displeasure  of  the  governments  always 
unjust,  it  would  have  been  easier  ;  but  it  sometimes  happened 
otherwise.  Many  prizes,  or  rather  detentions,  were  made  by 
the  Patriot  squadrons,  on  the  strongly  supported  plea  of 


168  .POST-CAPTAINS   OP    1796. 

having  Spanish  property  on  board — British  sailors  reported 
that  they  had  been  forcibly  detained,  and  made  to  fight 
against  the  allies  of  their  country — Masters  and  Supercargoes 
of  ships  said  they  had  been  plundered  on  the  high  seas,  under 
the  form  of  local  usage  and  regular  duties. — Englishmen  re- 
presented themselves  as  being  unjustly  imprisoned — each 
party  charged  us  with  favoring  their  opponents — the  crews  of 
ships,  taking  advantage  of  the  general  state  of  confusion,  mu- 
tinied and  refused  to  do  their  duty : — in  short,  all  was  out  of 
order,  nothing  was  flowing  in  its  natural  course,  every  thing 
being,  in  fact,  under  the  guidance  of  men  whose  bad  passions 
were  at  their  height,  and  whose  minds  wej:e  in  such  a  frame, 
that  they  interpreted  every  thing  in  the  worst  language  it 
would  bear.  This  dislocation  of  society  was  not  confined  to 
a  single  port,  or  a  single  state,  but  extended,  with  more  or 
less  distraction,  over  the  whole  continent,  threatening  all 
social  order  and  security  of  persons,  as  well  as  destruction  to 
the  great  mass  of  commerce  which,  notwithstanding  the  for- 
bidding aspect  of  affairs,  was  always  ready  to  flow  in  at  every 
casual  opening,  in  spite  of  all  prudence  and  experience. 

At  a  tune  when  very  few,  if  any  other  man,  saw  his  way 
clearly  through  this  dark  and  troubled  prospect,  Sir  Thomas 
Hardy  appears  never  to  have  faltered,  or  been  at  a  loss  ;  and 
this  confidence,  as  he  sought  on  every  occasion  to  impress  on 
the  minds  of  his  officers,  consisted  principally,  he  told  them, 
in  then*  being  totally  pure  and  disinterested  personally  hi  all 
that  was  going  on — in  maintaining  themselves,  above  all, 
free  from  political  party  spirit  on  every  hand ;  and  whatever 
seeming  provocation  might  arise,  never  to  consider  that  any 
disrespect  was  intentional,  unless  it  were  obvious ;  to  be 
slow,  in  short,  to  take  offence,  national  or  personal,  unless 
it  could  not  be  mistaken  ;  and  in  every  consequent  explana- 
tion to  recollect,  that  voluntary  acknowledgment,  however 
trifling,  was  always  better  than  any  whatsoever  that  was 
compulsory.  When  decision  and  firmness,  however,  became 
necessary,  as  they  sometimes  did,  the  different  governments 
and  their  servants,  speedily  learnt  that  nobody  could  be  more 
immoveably  resolute  than  he  was ;  and  yet  the  sentiment 
which  his  private  habits  and  public  conduct  had  inspired,  not 
only  amongst  the  Spaniards  and  the  native  powers,  but 


.POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1798.  169 

amongst  the  strangers,  who  from  motives  of  gain  had  sought 
that  country,  was  of  a  far  kindlier  nature  ;  and  it  was  essen- 
tially owing  to  this  circumstance,  that  his  influence  became 
so  commanding  and  extensive.  He  was  trusted  everywhere, 
and  enjoyed  in  a  wonderful  degree  the  confidence  and  esteem 
of  all  parties  whatsoever:  his  advice,  which  was  never  ob- 
truded, was  never  suspected  ;  and  a  thousand  bitter  disputes 
were  at  once  settled  amicably,  and  to  the  advantage  of  all 
parties,  by  a  mere  word  of  his,  instead  of  being  driven  into 
what  are  called  national  questions,  to  last  for  years,  and  lead 
to  no  useful  end.  When  this  respect  and  confidence  had 
once  become  fully  established,  every  thing  went  on  so 
smoothly  under  his  vigilant  auspices,  that  it  was  those  only 
who  chanced  to  be  placed  near  the  scene,  who  could  perceive 
the  extent,  or  appreciate  the  importance,  of  the  public  good 
which  he  was  silently  dispensing — as  in  a  well-steered  ship, 
a  stranger  is  unconscious  how  much  he  owes  to  the  operation 
of  the  helm,  or  how  much  merit  belongs  to  the  hand  which, 
unseen,  guides  the  motions  of  the  whole.  It  is  on  this  ac- 
count that  we  have  dwelt  so  long  on  services  which,  unlike 
his  former  exploits  in  war,  do  not  speak  for  themselves,  but 
which  are  nevertheless  in  the  highest  degree  entitled  to  public 
gratitude,  and  are  moat  worthy  of  professional  imitation. 

Sir  Thomas  M.  Hardy  married  Anne  Louisa  Emily,  a 
daughter  of  the  late  Admiral  Hon.  Sir  George  C.  Berkeley, 
G.  C.  B.,  niece  of  the  late  Duke  of  Richmond,  and  sister  to 
the  Countess  of  Euston. 

Agents, — Messrs.  Cooke,*  Halford,  and  Son. 


WILLIAM  CUMBERLAND,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  is  a  son  of  Mr.  Cumberland  the  celebrated 
dramatist,  a  memoir  of  whom  will  be  found  in  the  first  vo- 
lume of  a  work  entitled  "  Public  Characters."  He  was 
made  a  Lieutenant  in  1790 ;  commanded  the  Fly  sloop  of 
war  in  1797  j  and  obtained  the  rank  of  Post-Captain  Nov.  8, 
1798.  During  the  late  war  he  commanded  la  Pique  frigate, 
the  Leyden  and  Stately  64's,  and  Saturn,  a  third  rate.  La 
Pique,  in  company  with  the  Pelican  sloop  of  war,  took  pos- 
session of  le  Goalan,  a  French  brig  of  18  guns,  and  an  armed 


170  POST-CAPTAINS    OF     1798. 

cutter,  at,  the  evacuation  of  Aux  Cayes,  St.  Domingo,  in  Oct. 
1803  ;  the  Leyden  formed  part  of  Admiral  Gambier's  fleet  at 
the  capture  of  the  Danish  navy  in  1807-  Towards  the  latter 
end  of  the  war,  we  find  him  regulating  the  impress  service  at 
Cowes,  in  the  Isle  of  Wight. 

Captain  Cumberland  married,  in   1800,  a  daughter  of  the 
late  Charles  Pym  Hurt,  Esq.,  of  Albemarle  Street,  London. 


GRAHAM  EDEN  HAMOND,  ESQ. 

A  Companion  of  the  most  Honorable  Military  Order  of  the  Bath  ;  and  a 
Deputy-Lieutenant  of  the  Isle  of  flight. 

THIS  officer  is  the  son  of  Sir  Andrew  Snape  Hamond,  Bart, 
whose  services  we  have  related  at  p.  54,  et  seq.  of  this  volume. 
He  was  born  in  London,  Dec.  30,  1779  j  and  after  serving 
for  some  time  on  board  the  different  guard-ships  commanded 
by  his  father,  joined  the  Phaeton  frigate,  commanded  by  his 
cousin,  the  late  Sir  Andrew  Snape  Douglas,  which  was  the 
first  vessel  sent  out  to  cruise  against  the  enemy,  and  give  pro- 
tection to  British  commerce,  at  the  commencement  of  the  war 
with  France,  in  1793. 

Amongst  the  captures  made  by  the  Phaeton  during  that 
year,  were  le  General  Dumourier,  a  French  privateer  of  22 
guns  and  196  men,  having  on  board  2,040,000  dollars ;  her 
prize  the  St.  Jago,  laden  with  bark,  copper,  and  bides,  worth 
nearly  300,000/.  sterling  *  ;  la  Prompte,  a  small  French  fri- 
gate of  28  guns  and  180  men;  a  privateer  of  16  guns  and 
60  men  j  and  the  Blonde,  a  national  ship  mounting  24  guns. 

In  April  1794,  Sir  Andrew  Snape  Douglas,  who  had  pre- 
viously worn  a  distinguishing  pendant,  and  commanded  all  the 
frigates  of  Earl  Howe's  fleet,  formed  into  a  separate  squadron, 
was  appointed  his  Lordship's  Captain,  in  the  Queen  Charlotte, 
to  which  ship  Mr.  Hamond  was  also  removed.  In  a  letter  writ- 
tenby  the  former  to  his  uncle  the  Comptroller,  about  this  period, 

•  See  Vol.  I.  note  f,  at  p.  757.  N.  B.  Le  General  Dumourier  and  the 
St.  Jago  were  first  discovered  from  the  Phaeton's  raain-top-gallanUnast- 
head,  by  Mr.  Hamond.  The  remainder  of  Rear-Admiral  GelPs  squadron 
joined  in  the  pursuit ;  but  &ey  were  both  overtaken  and  captured  by  the 
Phaeton. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF  1798.  1/1 

he  says,  "  That  I  will  take  care  of  my  friend  Graham  us  long- 
as  I  live,  you  may  rest  assured;  and  I  flatter  myself  his 
going  into  the  Queen  Charlotte  with  me  will  be  no  disadvan- 
tage to  him  in  point  of  education.  He  is  vastly  well,  and 
nobody  can  conduct  himself  better  than  he  does  in  every 
respect." 

In  the  Queen  Charlotte  Mr.  Hamond  witnessed  the  recap- 
ture of  his  Majesty's  ship  Castor,  and  part  of  the  Lisbon 
fleet,  which  had  been  taken  whilst  under  her  protection;  the 
destruction  of  a  French  national  cutter ;  and  the  capture 
of  a  corvette  and  a  brig  of  war.  He  also  had  the  honor  of 
sharing  in  the  glorious  battle  of  June  1,  1794,  on  which 
occasion  his  gallant  relative  received  a  severe  wound,  from 
the  effects  of  which  he  never  recovered*. 

On  the  30th  Dec.  in  the  same  year,  Mr.  Hamond  was  re- 
moved into  the  Princess  Augusta  yacht,  then  fitting  at  Dept- 
ford,  for  the  purpose  of  conveying  the  Princess  Caroline  of 
Brunswick  to  England ;  and  about  a  month  afterwards,  from 
that  vessel  to  the  Jupiter  of  50  guns,  bearing  the  broad  pen- 
dant of  Commodore  Payne,  who  commanded  the  ships  se- 
lected to  escort  H.  S.  H.  from  Cuxhavenf.  Previous, 
however,  to  the  final  departure  of  the  squadron  from  the 
Nore,  Mr.  Hamond  was  ordered  back  to  the  Queen  Charlotte, 
and  very  soon  after  appointed  to  act  as  a  Lieutenant  in  the 
Aquilon  frigate,  where  he  continued  about  three  months. 
He  subsequently  joined  the  Zealous  74,  bearing  the  flag  of 
Rear-Admiral  Dickson,  and  about  to  sail  for  the  Mediter- 
ranean ;  but  being  detained  *by  contrary  winds,  he  obtained 
permission  to  proceed  thither  across  the  continent,  by  which 
means  he  was  enabled  to  join  the  British  fleet  just  after  the 
partial  action  off  Frejus,  July  13,  1795,  and  time  enough  to 
witness  the  blowing  up  of  1'Alcide,  a  French  74  £.  On  the 
23d  of  the  same  month  he  was  appointed  junior  Lieutenant 
of  Vice-Admiral  Hotham's  flag-ship,  the  Britannia  of  100 
guns.  His  commission  was  confirmed  by  the  Admiralty, 
Oct.  19th  following. 

Lieutenant  Hamond  remained  in  the  Britannia  until  July 

*  See  note  at  p.  54.          f  See  Vol.  I.  note  J  at  p.  353,  et  scy. 
I  See  Vol.  I.  jiote  at  p.  254. 


172  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1/98. 

1796,  when  he  was  sent  in  the  Flora  frigate  to  join  1'Aigle  off 
Tunis.  The  latter  ship,  under  the  command  of*  Captain 
(now  Sir  Charles)  Tyler,  was  afterwards  employed  co-ope- 
rating with  the  Austrian  army  between  Trieste  and  Venice  ; 
and  on  her  return  from  that  service  in  February  1797*  to  join 
Sir  John  Jervis,  was  twice  chased  by  the  Spanish  fleet. 
On  the  l()th  of  the  following  month  Lieutenant  Hamond  re- 
moved into  the  Niger,  another  frigate,  commanded  by  the 
present  Vice-Admiral  Foote,  with  whom  he  served  till  Octo- 
ber 1798  ;  on  the  20th  of  which  month  he  was  made  a  Com- 
mander, and  appointed  to  the  Echo,  a  new  sloop  of  18  guns, 
fitting  at  Deptford. 

In  this  vessel,  Captain  Hamond  escorted  a  fleet  of  mer- 
chantmen to  Elsineur,  and  from  thence  convoyed  the  home- 
ward bound  Baltic  trade  to  the  mouth  of  the  Thames.  He 
was  afterwards  sent  to  cruise  on  the  coast  of  Holland,  where 
he  destroyed  a  French  cutter  privateer,  and  assisted  at  the 
capture  of  thirty  large  Dutch  fishing  vessels,  which  were  seized 
in  order  to  prevent  then*  being  employed  in  the  threatened 
invasion  of  England.  In  May  1798,  he  conveyed  Prince 
Frederick  of  Orange  from  Yarmouth  to  Cuxhaven,  and  re- 
ceived the  thanks  of  H.  S.  H.  for  the  attention  he  had  paid  to 
him  during  the  voyage. 

The  Echo  continued  on  the  North  Sea  station  until  Sept. 
following,  when  Captain  Hamond  was  ordered  to  convoy  the 
trade  bound  to  Halifax  and  Quebec  100  leagues  west  of  Cape 
Clear.  After  performing  this  service  he  went  to  Marcou  with 
reinforcements  for  the  garrison,  and  then  proceeded  to  join 
the  squadron  blockading  Havre  ;  off  which  port  he  remained 
till  the  beginning  of  December,  when  he  returned  to  Spithead, 
and  found  himself  promoted  to  the  command  of  the  Champion, 
a  post-ship,  by  commission  dated  Nov.  3,  1798. 

During  the  ensuing  year,  Captain  Hamond  was  succes- 
sively employed  convoying  a  fleet  of  merchant  vessels  to  the 
Elbe  ;  guarding  the  mouths  of  that  river  and  the  Weser,  to 
prevent  the  enemy's  gun-boats  from  entering ;  cruising  off 
Norway ;  carrying  money  from  the  Thames  to  the  British 
army  in  Holland ;  and  watching  the  return  of  the  trade  from 
Archangel,  This  latter,  owing  to  the  advanced  season  of  the 
year,  proved  a  very  severe  service,  the  Champion's  station 


POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1798.  173 

being  from  66°  to  70°  North  latitude.  On  his  return  to  port, 
he  received  information  that  a  foreign  ship  of  war  was  on  the 
coast  in  distress  ;  he  immediately  went  to  her  assistance,  and 
after  much  difficulty  succeeded  in  towing  the  stranger,  a 
Russian  74  totally  dismasted,  with  an  Admiral  on  board,  safe 
into  Leith  Roads.  On  the  26th  June  preceding,  being'off  the 
Dudgeon  light  on  his  way  to  Yarmouth,  for  the  purpose  of 
getting  a  new  rudder,  the  old  one  being  disabled,  he  discover- 
ed an  enemy's  cruiser  in  the  midst  of  near  200  coasting  ves- 
sels and  colliers.  No  time  was  lost  in  giving  chase  to  the 
marauder,  whilst  a  boat  was  lowered  and  recaptured  two 
English  brigs.  The  pursuit  continued  during  the  night ;  and 
the  following  day  being  calm,  the  sails  were  furled  and  every 
exertion  made  with  the  sweeps  and  boats  towing  to  come  up 
with  the  enemy  j  but  it  was  not  until  the  evening  of  the  28th, 
with  the  assistance  of  a  fresh  breeze,  that  this  could  be  ef- 
fected. She  proved  to  be  the  famous  French  privateer  Ana- 
creon  of  16  guns,  a  vessel  which  bad  done  incalculable  mis- 
chief to  our  commercial  interests. 

In  March  1800  the  Champion  convoyed  a  fleet  to  Gibraltar, 
and  from  thence  took  several  transports  laden  with  ordnance 
stores,  and  a  battering  train,  to  Malta.  On  his  passage  up 
the  Mediterranean,  Captain  Hamond  fell  in  with  an  Algerine 
squadron,  which  at  first  shewed  symptoms  of  hostility,  and, 
considering  the  valuable  charge  he  had,  rendered  his  situation 
by  no  means  pleasant.  Soon  after  discovering  the  British 
vessels,  the  Algerines,  whosre  force  consisted  of  a  36-gun 
frigate,  two  xebecs  each  mounting  24  guns,  and  three  armed 
polacres,  all  full  of  men,  hauled  to  the  wind  and  displayed  the 
flags  of  three  Admirals,  Upon  the  Champion  showing  her 
colours  they  bore  up  together,  with  their  rigging,  yards,  and 
boarding  ladders  hanging  from  each  yard  arm,  lined  with  men. 
On  arriving  within  gun-shot  they  again  hauled  their  wind, 
each  Admiral  hoisting  an  English  jack,  and  firing  three  guns, 
the  greatest  number  they  ever  gave  as  a  salute.  The  Cham- 
pion in  return  hoisted  an  Algerine  jack,  and  saluted  them  with 
three  guns. 

Had  these  pirates  determined  to  search  the  British  vessels, 
Captain  Hamond  was  fully  prepared  to  give  them  a  warm 
reception ;  but,  considering  their  immense  superiority,  it  is 


174  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1/98. 

more  than  probable  his  resistance  would  have  been  unavailing; 
and  had  they  discovered  such  a  booty  of  ordnance  stores,  it 
is  not  to  be  imagined  that  any  moral  reasoning  on  his  part, 
would  have  prevented  their  taking  the  whole  to  Algiers. 
The  same  squadron  afterwards  fell  in  with  an  English  frigate 
off  Cape  Bona,  and  would  not  allow  her  to  proceed  until  her 
commander  had  sent  his  commission  on  board  for  their 
inspection. 

Captain  Hamond  was  subsequently  employed  conveying 
the  officers  and  crew  of  the  Guillaume  Tell,  a  French  80-gun 
ship  *,  to  Minorca ;  assisting  at  the  blockade  of  Malta,  and 
occasionally  serving  on  shore  at  the  siege  of  Valette  ;  but  at 
length  his  health  being  much  impaired  by  the  extreme  heat 
of  the  climate,  he  was  obliged  to  return  home ;  for  which  pur- 
pose he  exchanged  ships  with  Lord  William  Stuart,  of  the 
Lion  64,  July  27,  1800,  and  proceeded  in  her  to  Port  Mahon, 
from  whence  he  conveyed  Major-General  Craddock  and  part 
of  the  40th  regiment  to  Gibraltar,  where  he  was  charged  by 
Lord  Keith  with  despatches  for  England.  The  Lion  was  paid 
off  Nov.  18,  180fr;  and  on  the  following  day  he  commission, 
ed  the  Blanche,  a  new  36-gun  frigate ;  which  ship,  after  being 
fitted  and  manned,  was  ordered  to  join  the  armament  under 
Sir  Hyde  Parker,  then  at  Yarmouth,  and  about  to  sail  for 
the  Baltic. 

On  the  19th  March,  1801,  Captain  Hamond  was  sent  on  to 
Elsineur  with  a  flag  of  truce,  and  despatches  for  Mr.  Drum- 
mond:,  the  British  Minister  at  Copenhagen.  After  a  delay  of 
two  days  at  the  former  place,  all  hopes  of  accommodation  with 
the  Danes  being  at  an  end,  that  gentleman,  with  the  whole 
British  Factory,  were  received  on  board  the  Blanche,  and  car- 
ried to  the  fleet  afi  the  entrance  of  the  Sound. 

In  the  ensuing  battle  with  the  Danish  line  of  defence 
before  Copenhagen  f ,  the  Blanche  was  anchored  by  the  stern 
between  the  Amazon  and  Alcmene  frigates,  abreast  of  the 
Great  Crown  battery,  under  the  fire  of  which  formidable 
work  she  continued  nearly  two  hours.  Her  loss  consisted  of 
7  men  killed  and  9  severely  wounded.  Her  hull  and  rigging 
were  also  ranch  cut  up  £. 

*  S«e  VoL  I.  p.  3/8.          t  See  Vol.  I.  note  *  at  p.  365,  et  seq. 
\  From  the  circumstance  of  her  grounding  the  preceding  evening,  near 


POST- CAPTAINS    OF    IJ98. 

Lord  Nelson  behaved  very  kindly  to  Captain  Hamond 
when  he  saw  him  on  board  his  flag-ship  after  the  battle,  and 
was  pleased  to  say,  he  would  never  forget  him  as  long  as 
he  lived.  On  the  following  Sunday  our  officer  held  his  Lord- 
ship's prayer  book  whilst  he  returned  thanks  to  Almighty 
God,  for  the  victory  which  under  the  Divine  auspices  had 
been  achieved  by  the  British  arms. 

The  Blanche  returned  to  England  with  the  flag  of  Sir 
Hyde  Parker,  who  landed  at  Yarmouth  on  the  13th  May. 
During  the  remainder  of  the  war  she  was  attached  to  the 
Channel  fleet  under  Admiral  Cornwallis,  and  employed  in 
occasional  cruises  to  the  southward.  After  the  peace  of 
Amiens  we  find  her  stationed  on  the  coasts  of  Cornwall  and 
Devonshire,  for  the  suppression  of  smuggling;  and  in  the 
summer'of  1802,  attending  upon  his  late  Majesty  and  the  royal 
family,  at  Wey mouth.  She  was  paid  off  at  Sheerness, 
Sept.  22,  in  the  same  year.  The  three  succeeding  months  of 
Captain  Hamond*s  life  were  spent  in  visiting  Havre,  Rouen, 
Paris,  the  Court  of  St.  Cloud,  and  Calais. 

On  the  21st  Feb.  1803,  Captain  Hamond  waa»appointed  to 
the  Plantagenet  of  74  guns*,  in  which  ship  he  captured  the 
Courier  de  Terre  Neu\re,  a  French  brig  privateer  of  16  guns 
and  54  men,  July  24,  1803,  and  three  days  afterwards  1'A- 
talante,  a  beautiful  corvette  of  22  guns  and  120  men.  The 
latter  chased  the  Plantagenet,  under  the  impression  that  she 
was  an  [ndiaman,  being  without  a  poop.  Captain  Hamond 
was  obliged  to  resign  the  conuaand  of  this  fine  ship,  through 
ill-health,  in  November  of  the  same  year  ;  and  he  remained 
without  any  other  appointment  until  the  change  of  Ministry 
in  1804,  when  he  obtained  the  command  of  the  Lively,  a 
fine  38-gun  frigate,  recently  launched  at  Woolwich. 

The  Lively  joined  Admiral  CoirnwaMis  off  Brest,  Sept.  23, 
1804,  and  was  immediately  detached  with  secret  orders  to 
intercept  two  Spanish  frigates  expected  from  Lima  with  trea- 
sure, for  which  purpose  Captain  Graham  Moore  had  received 
similar  directions  the  same  day.  On  the  3d  Oct.  the  Imle- 

the  island  of  Amak,  not  an  officer  or  a  man  tad  been  oflf  the  Blanche's 
deck  from  the  time  of  her  first  getting  under  weigh,  whereas  erery 
other  ship's  company  had  had  their  regular  meals  and  usual  night's 
rest. 

*  See  Vol.  I.  p.  84. 


176  POST-CAPTAINS    OF 

fatigable,  Lively,  Medusa,  and  Amphion,  formed  a  junction 
off  Cadiz  j  when  Captain  Sutton  of  the  latter  frigate  gave  in- 
telligence, that  the  ships  Captains  Moore  and  Hamond  were 
sent  to  look  after  had  already  arrived,  but  that  four  others 
were  hourly  expected,  and  that  they  would  probably  make 
the  high  land  of  Monte  Figo,  near  Cape  St.  Mary's,  in  Por- 
tugal, for  which  neighbourhood  the  British  squadron  imme- 
diately steered.  The  result  of  their  rencontre  with  the  Span- 
ish ships,  under  the  orders  of  Rear-Admiral  Bustainente, 
has  already  been  noticed  at  p.  536  of  our  first  volume.  The 
Lively,  on  that  occasion,  having  compelled  the  Clara  of  36  guns 
and  300  men  to  surrender,  after  half  an  hour's  close  action,  was 
ordered  to  pursue  the  Fama,  which  ship  had  made  sail  from 
her  opponent,  the  Medusa.  At  half  an  hour  past  noon  Cap- 
tain Hamond  succeeded  in  bringing  her  to  action,  which 
continued  until  lh  15'  P.  M.  when  she  surrendered,  and  was 
taken  possession  of  by  the  Lively,  whose  superior  sailing 
alone  prevented  the  Spanish  Commodore,  Zapiain,  from  ef- 
fecting his  purpose,  of  running  the  Fama  on  shore  to  avoid 
being  captured.  The  total  loss  sustained  by  the  Lively  was 
2  men  killed  and  5  wounded.  She  arrived  at  Spithead,  ac- 
companied by  the  Fama,  on  the  17th  Oct.  exactly  one  month 
after  leaving  the  Nore. 

Captain  Hamond  was  subsequently  sent  with  secret  orders 
to  the  squadron  stationed  off  Cadiz,  under  the  orders  of  Sir 
John  Orde,  by  whom  he  was  despatched  in  Nov.  1804,  to 
reconnoitre  Carthagena  j  and  after  the  performance  of  that 
service,  to  cruise  off  Cape  St  Vincent,  where  he  captured  the 
San  Miguel,  a  Spanish  merchant  ship,  from  Ornoa  to  Cadiz, 
having  on  board  196,639  dollars,  four  cases  of  wrought  plate, 
2,064  bales  of  indigo,  and  other  valuable  articles.  The  same 
day  (Dec.  7th)  he  observed  Captain  Lawford,  of  the  Polyphe- 
mus 64,  capture  the  Santa  Gertruyda,  a  frigate  of  36  guns, 
laden  with  a  cargo  of  very  great  value  *.  It  is  necessary  to 
observe  in  this  place,  that  all  these  treasure-ships  were  dis- 
posed of  as  droits  of  the  Crown,  and  only  one-fourth  of  their 
proceeds  given  to  the  captors. 

Towards  the  latter  end  of  Mar.  1805,  the  Lively  received 

;;    i  us.  6<V  :;:  icVj  ;.  r. 

•  See  Vol.  I.  p.  498. 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1798.  177 

on  board  all  the  specie  and  bullion  that  had  been  captured 
from  the  Spaniards,  amounting  to  near  5,000,000  dollars, 
with  which  she  arrived  at  Spithead  on  the  15th  April.  This 
was  probably  the  largest  sum  ever  embarked  on  board  one  ship; 
and  Captain  Hamond's  anxiety  for  its  safety  was  no  doubt  very 
great.  A  recent  arrangement,  however,  by  which  the  pay- 
ment of  freight-money  had  been  suspended,  precluded  him 
from  obtaining  any  remuneration  for  the  immense  responsi- 
bility he  had  been  subjected  to,  and  which,  according  to  for- 
mer regulations,  would  have  amounted  to  at  least  10,000/. 
sterling  for  the  bare  conveyance  of  such  a  sum  from  Gibral- 
tar to  Cadiz.  The  regulation  alluded  to  was  shortly  after 
rescinded. 

On  the  29th  May,  Captain  Hamond  being  off  Cadiz,  with 
the  Surinam  and  Halcyon  sloops  of  war  under  his  orders, 
observed  the  Glorioso,  a  Spanish  74,  get  under  weigh,  and 
stand  out  towards  him.  About  4  P.  M.  when  nearly  five 
miles  distant  from  the  land,  the  enemy  hauled  to  the  wind, 
which  at  that  time  blew  so  strong  as  barely  to  allow  him  to 
carry  his  whole  top-sails  with  top-gallant-sails  furled.  Cap- 
tain Hamond,  notwithstanding  his  consorts  were  hull  down 
to  leeward,  immediately  gave  chase,  and  soon  got  within 
gun-shot,  firing  repeatedly,  when  passing  on  opposite  tacks, 
for  the  space  of  two  hours,  and  receiving  the  enemy's  broad- 
sides in  return,  but  without  any  damage  to  the  Lively.  At 
length  the  Spaniard's  main-tack  and  jib-stay  being  shot  away, 
he  appeared  angry,  and  bore  upsetting  his  top-gallant-sails. 
Captain  Hamond  not  deeming  it  prudent  to  close  with  so 
superior  a  force,  did  the  same,  hoping  to  draw  him  down  to 
the  English  sloops,  both  of  which  carried  heavy  metal.  The 
enemy  soon  perceived  his  intentions,  and  at  dark  hauled  up 
under  all  sail.  The  Lively  followed  his  example,  intending  to 
keep  sight  of  him  during  the  night ;  thinking  it  probable  that 
some  other  cruiser  might  have  appeared  to  assist  her  at  day- 
light. Unfortunately  the  night  proved  thick  and  squally,  and 
the  Spaniard  was  not  seen  again.  Captain  Hamond  after- 
wards learned  that  the  Glorioso  was  bound  to  the  Havannah, 
with  a  new  Governor  and  his  suite  on  board  as  passengers, 
and  that  she  was  obliged  to  put  into  Teneriffe  to  secure  her 

VOL.    II.  N 


178  POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1798. 

masts,  and  repair  other  damages  occasioned  by  the  Lively's 
fire.  In  this  rencontre  the  crew  of  the  British  frigate  particu- 
larly exerted  themselves,  and  actually  reefed  the  top-sails 
twice  with  the  yards  only  half  lowered,  working  their  guns 
at  the  same  time. 

In  June  1805,  Captain  Hamond  took  charge  of  a  fleet  of 
transports  at  Gibraltar  bound  to  Malta ;  and  on  the  26th  of 
that  month,  having  received  on  board  General  Sir  James  Craig 
and  suite,  for  a  passage,  made  sail  to  the  eastward,  accom- 
panied by  four  sail  of  the  line  under  Sir  Richard  Bickerton, 
who  escorted  him  past  Carthagena.  The  troops  embarked  in 
these  transports  were  intended  to  act  in  conjunction  with  a 
Russian  army,  expected  from  Corfu  to  assist  in  the  defence  of 
Naples.  The  squadron  attached  to  ,the  expedition  consisted 
of  the  Lively,  Sea-horse,  and  Ambuscade  frigates,  and  Merlin 
sloop  of  war. 

Every  necessary  arrangement  having  been  made  by  Sir 
James  Craig  and  Captain  Hamond,  the  latter  of  whom  had 
already  visited  Naples  for  that  purpose,  the  armament  left 
Malta  on  the  3d  Nov.,  formed  a  junction  with  the  Russians 
at  sea,  and  arrived  at  Castel-a-Mare  on  the  20th.  From 
thence  the  combined  troops  were  immediately  marched  to 
the  frontiers ;  but  the  French  entering  the  kingdom  with  a 
far  superior  force,  they  were  soon  after  obliged  to  retreat ; 
and  by  the  19th  Jan.  1806,  the  whole  were  again  embarked, 
and  on  their  way  to  Messina ;  the  citadel  and  forts  of  which 
place  were  garrisoned  by  them,  jointly  with  the  Sicilians,  in 
the  course  of  the  succeeding  month. 

During  the  time  the  Lively  remained  off  Naples,  her  main- 
mast was  damaged  by  lightning,  which  also  knocked  down 
several  men,  but  did  no  further  mischief.  After  landing  the 
troops  at  Messina,  Captain  Hamond  refitted  his  ship  at  Malta, 
and  then  returned  to  the  Faro,  where  his  launch  captured  a 
Spanish  merchantman.  On  the  7th  April,  Sir  James  Craig, 
being  obliged  to  return  home  on  account  of  ill-health,  once 
more  embarked  with  Captain  Hamond,  who  landed  him  at 
Plymouth  on  the  12th  of  the  following  month. 

From  this  period  we  find  no  mention  of  Captain  Hamond 
till  Dec.  27, 1808,  when  he  assumed  the  command  of  the  Vic- 


POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1798. 

torious  74,  fitting  for  the  North  Sea  station,  in  which  ship 
he  assisted  at  the  capture  of  Flushing,  in  Aug.  1809*.  By 
this  time  his  health  had  again  become  so  much  impaired, 
that  he  was  under  the  necessity  of  applying  for  permission  to 
go  to  England  j  and  his  request  being  complied  with  by  the 
commander-in-chief,  who  kindly  gave  him  a  cutter  for  that 
purpose,  he  resigned  the  command  of  the  Victorious  to  his 
first  Lieutenant,  Sept.  20,  and  arrived  in  the  Downs  on  the 
following  day.  During  the  last  year  of  the  war  he  commanded 
the  Rivoli,  a  third  rate,  forming  part  of  the  Mediterranean 
fleet.  He  was  nominated  a  C.  B.  in  June  1815;  and  ga- 
zetted as  a  Deputy-Lieutenant  of  the  Isle  of  Wight,  Nov.  3, 
1821. 

Captain  Hamond  married,  in  Dec.  1806,  Elizabeth,  daugh- 
ter of  John  Kimber,  of  Fowey,  co.  Cornwall,  Esq. 

dgent.  —  Sir  Francis  M.  Ommanney,  M.  P. 


ROBERT  HONYMAN,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant  in  1790  ;  commanded 
the  Tisiphone  sloop  of  war,  and  captured  the  French  priva- 
teers le  Prospere  of  14  guns  and  73  men,  and  le  Cerf  Volant 
of  14  guns  and  63  men,  on  the  North  Sea  station,  in  1797  j 
and  obtained  the  rank  of  Post-Captain  Dec.  10,  1798.  In 
Oct.  1800,  he  was  appointed  to  the  Garland  of  28  guns,  em- 
ployed on  Channel  service  ;  and  in  June  1801,  we  find  him 
conveying  Rear-  Admiral  Robert  Montague  to  Jamaica,  where 
he  removed  into  the  Topaze  frigate,  in  which  he  returned  to 
England  Oct.  12,  1802.  At  the  general  election,  in  the  same 
year,  he  was  chosen  to  represent  the  shires  of  Orkney  and 
Shetland. 

Early  in  1803,  Captain  Honyman  obtained  the  command 
of  the  Leda  frigate  ;  and  at  the  renewal  of  the  war  was  sta- 
tioned on  the  coast  of  France,  with  a  small  squadron  under 
his  orders,  to  obstruct  the  progress  of  the  enemy's  flotilla 
from  the  eastward,  towards  Boulogne.  On  the  29th  Sept. 
he  attacked  a  division  of  gun-boats,  and  drove  two  on  shore, 
where  they  were  bilged.  Whilst  performing  this  service,  a 


. 

See  Vol.  I.  p.  290  j  and  note  *  at  p.  135,  of  the  present  volume, 
N  2 


180  POST- CAPTAINS    OF    1798. 

shell  fell  on  board  the  Leda  and  exploded  in  her  hold,  doing 
but  little  injury  to  the  ship,  and  without  hurting  a  man. 

At  the  latter  end  of  July  1804,  the  boats  of  the  Leda,  com- 
manded by  Lieutenant  M'Lean,  boarded  a  French  gun-ves- 
sel in  Boulogne  roads,  and  after  a  smart  conflict,  succeeded 
in  cutting  her  adrift ;  but,  in  consequence  of  the  flood-tide 
running  very  strong,  were  unable  to  bring  her  out.  Of  38 
men  engaged  in  this  affair,  only  14  returned  to  the  Leda. 
The  gallant  commander  of  the  party  was  among  the  slain. 

On  the  24th  April,  1805,  Captain  Honyman  discovered 
twenty-six  of  the  enemy's  vessels  rounding  Cape  Grisnez  : 
he  immediately  made  the  signal  for  his  squadron  to  weigh  ; 
and  after  engaging  them  about  two  hours,  succeeded  in  cut- 
ting off  seven  schuyts,  carrying  altogether  18  guns,  1  how- 
itzer, and  168  men,  from  Dunkirk,  bound  to  Ambleteuse. 
The  British  on  this  occasion  had  only  1  man  wounded. 

In  the  course  of  the  same  year,  the  Leda  appears  to  have 
narrowly  escaped  the  fate  which  befel  two  ships  under  her 
convoy  from  England  to  the  Cape  of  Good  Hope  ;  these  ves- 
sels, the  King  George  transport  and  Britannia  East  Indiaman, 
having  been  totally  wrecked  on  some  rocks  near  the  coast  of 
Brazil.  The  particulars  of  their  loss  will  be  found  in  the  Nav. 
Chron.  v.  23,  p.  483,  et  seq. 

In  Jan.  1806,  the  Leda  formed  part  of  Sir  Home  Popham's 
squadron  at  the  reduction  of  the  Cape  of  Good  Hope ;  after 
which  he  accompanied  the  same  officer  on  an  expedition  to 
the  Rio  de  la  Plata  *,  where  she  continued  until  the  final  eva- 
cuation of  Spanish  America  by  the  British  forces,  about  Sept. 
1807.  Towards  the  conclusion  of  that  year,  Captain  Hony- 
man captured  1'Adolphe,  a  French  privateer  of  16  guns,  on 
the  coast  of  France.  The  Leda  was  wrecked  near  the  en- 
trance of  Milford  Haven,  on  the  31st  Jan.  1809,  but  her 
commander  was  fully  acquitted  by  a  court-martial  of  all 
blame  on  the  occasion. 

Captain  Honyman  has  since  commanded  the  Ardent  of 
64  guns,  Sceptre  74,  and  Marlborough  of  the  same  force. 
In  the  autumn  of  1814,  we  find  him  superintending  the  pay- 
ment of  ships  afloat  at  Portsmouth. 

Agent.—     • 

*  See  Vol.  I,  note  \,  at  p.  622,  et  seq. 


POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1798.  181 

- 

BARTHOLOMEW  JAMES,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant  May  6,  1779 ;  com- 
manded a  letter  of  marque  belonging  to  Jamaica,  at  the  com- 
mencement of  the  French  revolutionary  war ;  and  served  as 
an  Agent  of  Transports,  at  the  capture  of  Martinique,  in  1794; 
after  which  he  joined  the  Boyne,  a  second  rate,  bearing  the 
flag  of  Sir  John  Jervis.  In  1797?  we  find  him  commanding 
El  Corso  of  18  guns,  on  the  Mediterranean  station ;  and  in 
the  following  year,  conducting  the  Canopus,  (late  Franklin) 
one  of  Lord  Nelson's  prizes,  from  Gibraltar  to  England. 
His  post  commission  bears  date  Dec.  24,  1798.  At  the  re- 
newal of  hostilities  in  1803,  he  was  appointed  to  a  command 
in  the  Sea  Fencible  service  on  the  coast  of  Cornwall.  His 
youngest  daughter  is  the  lady  of  Captain  T.  B.  Sulivan,  R.  N. 
C.B. 

Agent.— John  Chippendale,  Esq. 


ROBERT  LEWIS  FITZGERALD,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  is  descended  from  a  younger  branch  of  the 
very  ancient  and  noble  house  of  Leinster,  in  the  kingdom  of 
Ireland,  and  nearly  related  to  the  -Earl  of  Kingston.  He 
entered  the  naval  service  in  March  1786,  as  a  Midshipman,  on 
board  the  Winchelsea  frigate,  commanded  by  the  present 
Viscount  Exmouth,  with  whom  tie  served  on  the  Newfound- 
land station  for  a  period  of  three  years.  He  afterwards  joined 
the  Centurion  50,  bearing  the  flag  of  Rear-Admiral  Philip 
Affleck,  at  Jamaica  *  ;  and  during  the  West  India  campaign 
in  1794,  we  find  him  serving  under  Sir  John  Jervis,  in  the 
Boyne  of  98  guns  ;  from  which  ship  he  was  promoted  to  the 
rank  of  Lieutenant,  in  the  Avenger  sloop  of  war. 

Soon  after  his  return  to  England,  Lieutenant  Fitzgerald  ob- 
tained an  appointment  to  the  London,  a  second  rate,  carrying 
the  flag  of  Rear- Admiral  Colpoys  ;  and  in  her  he  assisted  at 
the  capture  of  three  French  line-of-battle  ships  off  1'Orient, 

*  See  Vol.  I.  note  f,  at  p.  568. 


182  POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1/98. 

June   23,    1795*.     His  advancement  to  the  rank  of  Com- 
mander took  place  in  Feb.  1797- 

Captain  Fitzgerald  subsequently  commanded  the  Vesuvius 
bomb,  and  in  that  vessel  assisted  at  the  bombardment  of 
Havre  by  a  squadron  under  Sir  Richard  J.  Strachan  ;  and  at 
the  destruction  of  la  Confiante  of  36  guns,  and  a  French  na- 
tional cutter,  in  May  1798  f-  His  conduct  on  this  occasion 
was  honorably  noticed  in  the  London  Gazette. 

The  Vesuvius  was  afterwards  ordered  to  the  Mediterranean, 
from  whence  Captain  Fitzgerald  returned  to  England  in  the 
Tonnant,  a  French  80-gun  ship,  taken  at  the  battle  of  the 
Nile.  Hig  post  commission  bears  date  Dec.  24,  1798.  During 
the  l^feter  part  of  the  war,  he  commanded  the  Triton  of  32 
guns,  in  which  ship  he  captured  a  French  vessel  from  Gna- 
daloupe,  laden  with  colonial  produce.  The  Triton  was  paid 
off  at  Plymouth,  April  9,  1802. 

Soon  after  the  renewal  of  hostilities,  Captain  Fitzgerald, 
whose  health  would  not  allow  him  to  serve  afloat,  was  ap- 
pointed senior  officer  of  the  SeaFencibles  in  the  Isle  of  Wight. 
Previous  to  the  dissolution  of  that  corps,  he  held  the  chief 
command  of  the  district  between  Kidwelly  and  Cardigan. 
In  July  1816,  he  was  elected  Governor  of  the  Royal  Naval 
Asylum  ;  but  the  power  of  nomination  being  afterwards  con- 
sidered not  to  rest  with  the  Commissioners,  the  appointment 
did  not  take  place. 

Captain  Fitzgerald  married,  in  Aug.  1 800,  Jane,  a  daughter 
of  Richard  Welch,  Esq.,  formerly  Chief  Justice  of  the  island 
of  Jamaica,  and  sister  to  the  lady  of  Sir  George  Thomas, 
Bart.,  by  whom  he  has  five  sons  and  four  daughters  remain- 
ing, of  eleven  children.  His  only  brother,  an  officer  in  the  3d 
regiment  of  Guards,  aide-de-camp  and  equerry  to  H.  R.  H. 
the  Duke  of  York,  died  in  1802. 

Agent. — Hugh  Stanger,  Esq. 

*  See  Vol.  I.  p.  246.    N.  B.  The  London  was  commanded  by  Captain 
Griffith,  nephew  of  Rear- Admiral  Colpoys.    See  id.  p.  '648. 
f  See  Vol.  I.  p.  448. 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1/98.  183 

RIGHT  HONORABLE 

CHARLES  HERBERT  EARL  MANVERS, 

(VISCOUNT  NEWARK.) 

A  Vice-President  of  the  Bath  Literary  Society ;  a  Visitor  of  the  British 
Institution ;  and  a  Vice-President  of  the  Society  for  promoting'  the 
building  of  Churches  and  Chapels. 

THIS  nobleman's  ancestors  came  into  England  with  Wil- 
liam the  Conqueror,  and  were  possessed  of  considerable  es- 
tates in  Suffolk.  Sir  Simon  Pierrepont  was  summoned  to 
Parliament  in  the  9th  year  of  Edw.  II.  Robert,  his  descend- 
ant, was  created  Baron  Pierrepont,  Viscount  Newark  and 
Earl  of  Kingston,  by  Charles  I.  He  had  also  the  titles  of 
Baron  Manvers  and  Herriz.  Henry,  his  son,  was  created 
Marquis  of  Dorchester  in  1645 ;  but  dying  without  issue  in 
1680,  the  marquisate  became -extinct;  it  was,  however,  re- 
vived in  the  person  of  his  younger  brother  Evelyn,  who  was 
afterwards  advanced  to  the  dukedom  of  Kingston.  His 
Grace  was  the  father  of  the  celebrated  Lady  Mary  Wortley 
Montagu,  and  grandfather  of  Evelyn  the  last  Duke,  who 
died  without  issue  in  1773,  leaving  the  whole  of  his  property 
to  the  Duchess,  for  her  life,  with  reversion  to  his  nephew, 
Charles  Medows,  Esq.,  formerly  a  Captain,  R.  ,N.,  upon  con- 
dition of  his  assuming  the  family  name  of  Pierrepont. 

Mr.  Medows  married  Anne  Orton,  youngest  daughter  and 

co-heiress  of Mills,  of  Richmond,  co.  Surrey,  Esq. ; 

and  by  that  lady  had  five  children.  He  succeeded  to  his 
uncle's  estates  on  the  demise  of  the  Duchess  in  1789;  was 
created  Viscount  Newark  and  Baron  Pierrepont,  July  23, 
1796;  and  Earl  Manvers,  April  1,  1806  *. 

*  Earl  Manvers  was  the  son  of  Lady  Frances  Pierrepont,  sister  to  Eve- 
lyn, Duke  of  Kingston,  and  the.  wife  of  Philip  Medows,  Esq.,  youngest 
son  of  Sir  Philip  Medows,  Knight  Marshal.  He  obtained  the  rank  of 
Post-Captain  Aug.  17,  1757,  and  resigned  his  commission  in  1763.  His 
Lordship  \vas  much  attached  to  the  pursuit  of  agriculture ;  and  in  1803 
received  a  gold  medal  from  the  Society  for  the  Encouragement  of  Arts, 
Manufactures,  and  Commerce,  for  his  spirited  exertions  in  sowing  acorns 
and  planting  oaks  on  his  estate.  The  Duke  of  Norfolk,  who  filled  the 
chair  on  this  occasion,  paid  him  a  just  and  handsome  compliment  upon 
the  services  rendered  to  his  country,  not  only  in  war,  but  during  his  rural 


184  POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1798. 

Charles  Herbert,  the  second  son  by  the  above  marriage, 
and  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was  born  Aug.  11,  1778;  and 
on  the  8th  Jan.  1798,  when  commander  of  the  Kingsfisher, 
a  brig  mounting  18  six-pounders,  with  a  complement  of  120 
men,  captured  after  a  smart  action,  la  Betsey,  a  French  ship 
privateer  of  16  guns  and  118  men,  9  of  whom  were  killed 
and  wounded.  The  Kingsfisher  had  only  1  man  wounded. 
Whilst  in  the  same  vessel,  he  also  captured  le  Lynx  of  10 
guns  and  70  men;  1'Avantivia  Ferolina,  of  1  gun  and  26 
men ;  and  1'Espoir  of  2  guns  and  39  men.  He  was  made  a 
Post-Captain  into  the  Spartiate  74,  (one  of  the  prizes  taken 
by  Sir  Horatio  Nelson,  in  Aboukir  Bay)  Dec.  24,  1798;  and 
returned  to  England  in  that  ship  about  July  1799.  He  was 
subsequently  appointed  to  the  Dedaigneuse  frigate,  but  re- 
signed the  command  of  her  on  the  death  of  his  elder  brother, 
which  took  place  Oct.  22,  1801  *. 

From  this  period  our  officer  represented  the  county  of 
Nottingham  in  Parliament,  until  his  accession  to  the  Earldom, 
June  17,  1816.  In  1820  he  ordered  the  arrears  of  his  half- 
pay,  amounting  to  1865 1.  9s.  6«?.,  to  be  added  to  the  funds  of 
the  Naval  Charitable  Society,  together  with  all  future  half- 
pay  to  which  he  may  be  entitled  from  the  Navy  ;  the  present 
annual  amount  of  which  is  261 /.  5s.  (xi.  f  In  the  following 
year  he  reduced  the  rents  of  his  tenants  20  per  cent.  !  ! ! 

This  munificent  nobleman  married,  Aug.  21,  1804,  the 
eldest  daughter  of  Anthony  Hardolph  Eyre,  Esq.,  his  col- 
league in  the  representation  of  Nottinghamshire. 

Agents.     Messrs.  Cooke,  Halford,  and  Sou. 


JOSIAH  NISBET,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  is  the  only  son  of  the  late  Dr.  Nisbet,  Phy- 
sician in  the  island  of  Nevis,  by  the  accomplished  Miss 

retirement ;  and  observed  that  he  had  not  only  maintained  the  ancient  bul- 
warks of  the  empire,  but  had  furnished  materials  for  posterity  to  form  new 
ones.  His  Lordship  died  June  17, 1816. 

*  The  Kiugsfisher  was  wrecked  on  the  bar  of  Lisbon,  when  proceeding 
to  sea  from  the  Tagus,  under  the  command  of  her  first  Lieutenant,  a  few 
days  after  Captain  Pierrepont  had  joined  the  Spartiate. 

f  See  Vol.  I.  note  *  at  p.  66,  and  ditto  at  p.  504. 


POST-CAPfAIKS   OF    1798.  185 

Woolward,  uiece  of  Mr.  Herbert,  the  President  of  that  Co- 
lony ;  who  afterwards  married  the  gallant  Nelson. 

The  subject  of  this  memoir,  when  first  seen  by  his  future 
father-in-law,  at  that  time  Captain  of  the  Boreas  frigate,  and 
senior  officer  on  the  Leeward  Islands  station,  was  only  three 
years  old :  and  from  that  time  they  entertained  a  mutual 
regard  for  each  other,  until  Nelson  became  his  legal  guardian 
and  instructor. 

"  There  are  three  things,  young  gentleman/'  said  Nelson 
to  one  of  his  Midshipmen,  "  which  you  are  constantly  to 
bear  in  mind.  First,  You  must  always  implicitly  obey 
orders,  without  attempting  to  form  any  opinion  of  your  own 
respecting  their  propriety.  Secondly,  You  must  consider 
every  man  your  enemy  who  speaks  ill  of  your  King :  and, 
Thirdly,  You  must  hate  a  Frenchman  as  you  do  the  Devil.1' 
With  these  feelings  he  engaged  in  the  war  of  1793,  Mr. 
Josiah  Nisbet  accompanying  him  as  a  Midshipman  on  board 
the  Agamemnon  of  64  guns. 

It  would  be  superfluous,  in  this  place,  to  recount  the  many 
services  performed  by  our  matchless  hero,  during  the  period 
he  commanded  this  ship ;  we  shall  therefore  be  content  with 
observing  that  his  son-in-law  was  present  at  the  whole,  and 
completed  his  time  as  a  petty  officer  under  him.  In  the  ex- 
pedition against  Teneriffe.  we  find  Mr.  Nisbet  accompany- 
ing Nelson  as  a  Lieutenant,  on  board  the  Theseus  of  74  guns ; 
and  the  affection  entertained  by  him  for  his  patron  is  strongly 
exemplified  by  his  conduct  on  the  disastrous  night  of  July 
24th,  1797. 

Perfectly  aware  how  desperate  a  service  the  attack  upon 
Santa  Cruz  was  likely  to  prove,  before  Nelson  left  the 
Theseus,  he  called  Lieutenant  Nisbet,  who  had  the  watch  on 
deck,  into  the  cabin,  that  he  might  assist  in  arranging  and 
burning  his  mother's  letters.  Perceiving  that  the  young  man 
was  armed,  he  earnestly  begged  him  to  remain  behind : 
"  Should  we  both  fall,  Josiah,"  said  he,  "  what  would 
become  of  your  poor  mother  !  The  care  of  the  Theseus  falls 
to  you  :  stay,  therefore,  and  take  charge  of  her."  Lieutenant 
Nisbet  replied,  "Sir,  the  ship  must  take  care  of  herself ;  I 
will  go  with  you  to-night,  if  I  never  go  again," 

In  the  act  of  stepping  out  of  the  boat,  Nelson  received  a 


186  POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1798. 

shot  through  the  right  elbow,  and  fell ;  Lieutenant  Nisbet, 
who  was  close  to  him,  placed  him  at  the  bottom  of  the  boat, 
and  laid  his  hat  over  the  shattered  arm,  lest  the  sight  of  the 
blood,  which  gushed  out  in  great  abundance,  should  increase 
his  faintness.  He  then  examined  the  wound ;  and  taking 
some  silk  handkerchiefs  from  his  neck,  bound  them  round 
tight  above  the  lacerated  vessels.  Had  it  not  been  for  this 
presence  of  mind  in  his  son-in-law,  Nelson  must  have  perish- 
ed. Lieutenant  Nisbet  then  collected  half  a  dozen  seamen, 
by  whose  assistance  he  succeeded,  at  length,  in  getting 
the  boat  afloat,  for  it  had  grounded  with  the  falling  tide ; 
and,  himself  taking  an  oar,  rowed  off  to  the  Theseus,  under 
a  tremendous,  though  ill-directed  fire,  from  the  enemy's 
batteries. 

In  a  private  letter  to  Sir  John  Jervis,  the  first  whicli  he  wrote 
with  his  left  hand,  Nelson  recommended  his  youthful  com- 
panion for  advancement,  in  the  following  terms :  "  by  my  last 
letter  *,  you  will  perceive  my  anxiety  for  the  promotion  of  my 
son-in-law,  Josiah  Nisbet.  *  *  *  *  *  *.  If  from  poor  Bo  wen's 
loss  t  you  think  it  proper  to  oblige  me,  I  rest  confident  you 
will  do  it.  The  boy  is  under  obligations  to  me  ;  but  he  re- 
paid me,  by  bringing  me  from  the  mole  of  Santa  Cruz." 
In  his  first  letter  to  Lady  Nelson,  he  says  :  "  I  know  it  will 
add  much  to  your  pleasure  to  find  that  Josiah,  under  God's 
providence,  was  principally  instrumental  in  saving  my  life." 

Lieutenant  Nisbet,  according  to  the  wish  of  his  father-in-law, 
was  immediately  promoted,  and  appointed  to  the  command  of 
the  Dolphin  hospital- ship,  attached  to  the  Mediterranean 
fleet.  On  Nelson's  recovery  after  the  loss  of  his  arm,  and 
return  to  join  his  former  chief,  he  received  the  following 
letter  : 

*  In  a  letter  addressed  to  the  coininander-in-chief,  a  few  hours  before 
he  set  out  upou  tte  enterprise,  he  recommended  Lieutenant  Nisbet  to 
the  protection  of  Sir  John,  and  of  the  nation ;  addiug,  "  the  Duke  of 
Clarence,  should  I  fall,  will,  I  am  confident,  take  a  lively  interest  for  my 
sou-in-law,  on  his  name  being  mentioned." 

t  Captain  Bowen,  of  the  Terpsichore,  killed  in  the  attack,  brother  of 
the  present  Com misssoner  James  Bowen,  see  p.  94;  and  Vol.  1,  note  t, 
at  p.  391,  ft  seq. 


POST- CAPTAINS    OF    1798.  187 

Earl  St.  Vincent,  to  Sir  Horatio  Nelson. 

"  My  dear  Admiral. — I  do  assure  you,  the  Captain  of  the  Dolphin  has 
acquitted  himself  marvellously  well  in  three  instances  :  In  getting  his  ship 
out  and  joining  us  off  Cadiz  soon  after  we  arrived  ;  in  conducting  a  convoy 
of  transports  with  troops  from  Gibraltar  to  Lisbon ;  and  lately,  in  pushing- 
out  to  protect  the  stragglers  of  the  convoy  from  England  in  very  bad 
weather ;  and  he  also  improves  in  manners  and  conversation,  and  is  amply 
stored  with  abilities,  which  only  want  cultivation  to  render  him  a  very 
good  character." 

Dec.  11,  1798.  Nelson  to  his  wife,  from  Naples.  "  The  improve- 
ment made  in  Josiah  by  Lady  Hamilton  is  wonderful ;  your  obligations 
and  mine  are  infinite  on  that  score  ;  not  but  Josiab/s  heart  is  as  good  and 
as  humane  as  ever  was  covered  by  a  human  breast.  God  bless  him,  I 
love  him  dearly  with  all  his  roughness." 

Captain  Nisbet's  post  commission  bears  date  Dec.  24, 
1798.  He  was  promoted  to  that  rank  in  the  Thalia  of  36 
guns,  which  frigate  he  commanded  on  the  Mediterranean 
station  until  the  month  of  Oct.  1800.  Previous  to  his  return 
from  thence,  he  appears  to  have  given  offence  to  his  father- 
in-law,  by  remonstrating  with  him  on  his  infatuated  attach- 
ment to  Lady  Hamilton,  an  attachment  which  afterwards 
had  the  unhappy  effect  of  totally  weaning  his  affections  from 
the  wife  he  once  loved  so  dearly.  Captain  Nisbet,  we  believe, 
has  held  no  subsequent  appointment. 

Agent. — William  Marsh,  Esq. 


VOLANT  VASHON  BALLARD,  ESQ. 

A  Companion  of  the  most  Honourable  Military  Order  of  the  Bath. 

THIS  officer,  when  a  Midshipman,  accompanied  the  late 
Captain  Vancouver  on  a  laborious  and  anxious  voyage  of  dis- 
covery to  the  N.  W.  coast  of  America,  in  which  expedition  he 
was  absent  from  England  about  four  years  and  nine  months. 
In  1798,  we  find  him  commanding  the  Hobart  sloop  of  war, 
on  the  East  India  station,  where  he  was  posted  into  the  Ca- 
rysfort  of  28  guns.  He  subsequently  commanded  the  Jason 
frigate,  De  Ruyter  of  68  guns,  Berschermer  50,  and  Blonde 
38.  Among  the  captures  made  by  him  in  the  latter  ship, 
we  find  the  following  French  privateers  : 


188  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1/98. 

Guns.  Men. 

La  Dame  Villaret  ....  5   69   Aug.  15,  N 

L'Hortense  8   90  16,  | 

L'Hirondclle    8   84   Sept.  K,  ^   1807. 

Le  Duquesne    17   123   23, 

L'Alert   20   149  Oct.  14,  J 

Total  ....  58   515 

Towards  the  close  of  1809,  we  find  Captain  Bullard  em- 
ployed in  the  blockade  of  Guadaloupe,  and  assisting  at  the 
destruction  of  two  French  frigates  in  Ance  la  Barque,  toge- 
ther with  a  heavy  battery,  by  which  they  were  defended*. 
The  Blonde  on  this  occasion  had  her  first  Lieutenant,  a 
Master's-Mate,  and  5  men  killed  j  Lieutenant  C.  W.  Richard- 
son, 1  Midshipman,  and  15  men  wounded.  The  following 
is  an  extract  from  the  official  report  of  the  senior  officer  pre- 
sent to  Sir  Alex.  Cochrane,  commander-in-chief  "at  the  Lee- 
ward Islands,  dated  Dec.  18,  1809: 

"  To  Captains  Ballard  and  Miller  all  possible  praise  is  due,  for  so  judi- 
ciously placing  their  ships,  in  a  situation  nearly  annihilating  the  enemy's 
two  frigates,  of  40  guns  each  ;  the  outer  ship's  masts  being  gone,  and  her- 
self on  fire,  by  the  time  this  ship  (Sceptre)  and  the  rest  of  the  squadron, 
from  baffling  winds,  could  render  assistance." 

The  general  order  issued  by  Sir  George  Beckwith,  after 
the  reduction  of  Guadaloupe  in  Feb.  1810,  will  be  found  at 
pp.  879  and  880  of  our  first  volume.  Captain  Ballard's  name 
is  there  mentioned  in  terms  of  high  approbation,  as  also  by  the 
naval  commander-in-chief,  in  his  public  letter  announcing 
the  conquest  of  that  colony. 

Captain  Ballard  married,  Sept.  18,  1811,  Arabella  Sarah, 
eldest  daughter  of  James  Crabb,  of  Shidfield  Lodge,  Hants, 
Esq.     His  post-commission  bears  date  Dec.  25,  1J98. 
Agent. — Thomas  Stilwell,  Esq. 


HUGH  DOWNMAtf,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  is  descended  from  a  respectable  family  in  De- 
vonshire, of  which  his  father  was  a  younger  branch.  His  first 
cousin  is  a  Lieutenant-Colonel  of  the  Royal  Artillery. 

He  was  born  near  Plymouth,  about  the  year  1J65  j  and 
entered  the  naval  service  as  a  Midshipman  on  board  the 

*  See  Vol.  I,  p.  8/8  and  879. 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    J798.  189 

Thetis  frigate,  in  Oct.  1776.  He  afterwards  joined  the  Are- 
thusa,  and  in  that  ship  had  the  misfortune  to  be  wrecked 
near  Ushant,  while  in  pursuit  of  an  enemy. 

Mr.  Downman  remained  a  prisoner  in  France  from  March 
1779  till  January  1780,  when  he  was  exchanged  j  and  from 
that  period  we  find  him  serving  in  the  Emerald,  commanded 
by  Captain  Samuel  Marshall,  until  May  1782,  when  he  re- 
moved into  the  Edgar  74,  bearing  the  broad  pendant  of  Com- 
modore Hotham,  with  whom  he  proceeded  to  the  relief  of 
Gibraltar,  in  company  with  the  grand  fleet,  under  the  orders 
of  Lord  Howe.  In  the  partial,  and  on  the  enemy's  side 
cautious  encounter,  which  took  place  after  the  performance 
of  this  service,  the  Edgar  had  6  men  wounded  *. 

From  this  period  we  lose  sight  of  Mr.  Downman  till  Feb. 
1789,  when  he  sailed  for  the  East  Indies  with  Commodore 
Cornwallis,  by  whom  he  was  made  a  Lieutenant,  on  the  5th 
Mar.  1790.  At  the  commencement  of  the  French  revolu- 
tionary war  he  was  appointed  to  the  Alcide  74,  in  which  ship 
he  assisted  at  the  attack  made  upon  the  tower  and  redoubt  of 
Fornelli  in  Sept.  1793  f. 

*  See  p.  101,  el  seq  ;  and  Vol.  I.  pp.  17,  106. 

f  During  the  time  that  Toulon  remained  in  possession  of  the  allied 
forces,  a  very  formidable  insurrection  existed  in  Corsica :  and  General 
Paoli,  the  leader  of  the  insurgent  party,  sought  the  aid  of  the  British,  as- 
suring Lord  Hood,  that  even  the  appearance  of  a  few  ships  of  force  off  the 
island,  would  be  of  the  most  essential  service  to  the  popular  cause.  Ac- 
cordingly, in  the  mouth  of  Sept.  1793,  tlie  Alcide  and  Courageux  /4's, 
Ardent  64,  Lowestoffe  and  Nemesis  frigates,  commanded  by  Captains 
Woodley,  Matthews,  Sutton,  Wolseley,  and  Lord  Amelius  Beauclerk,  were 
sent  thither,  under  the  orders  of  Commodore  Linzee,  who  entered  the  Gulf 
of  St,  Fiorenzo  on  the  21st.  ;  and  having  been  led  to  believe  that  the  bat- 
teries near  the  town  could  not,  on  account  of  the  distance,  co-operate  with 
the  tower  and  redoubt  of  Fornelli,  resolved  to  make  an  attack  on  that 
formidable  post. 

On  the  30th,  before  day-break,  the  two-deckers  took  their  stations,  and 
opened  a  heavy  cannonade  on  the  redoubt,  which  continued  without  inter- 
mission nearly  four  hours,  without  producing  any  visible  effect  on  the  ene- 
my's works.  By  this  time  the  ships,  particularly  the  Ardent,  were  so 
much  cut  up,  by  a  raking  fire  of  nine  24-pounders  from  the  town  of  St. 
Fiorenzo,  that  Commodore  Linzee,  seeing  no  appearance  of  co-operation, 
as  had  been  promised,  on  the  part  of  Paoli's  adherents,  deemed  it  prudent 
to  retire  out  of  gun-shot.  The  force  opposed  to  the  squadron  on  this  oc- 


190  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1798. 

On  the  llth  April,  1794,  Commodore  Linzee  was  advanced 
to  the  rank  of  Rear-Admiral  ;  and  when,  in  consequence  of 
his  promotion,  he  hoisted  his  flag  on  board  the  Windsor 
Castle  of  98  guns,  Mr.  Downman  went  with  him  into  that 
ship,  as  second  Lieutenant.  He  returned  to  England  with 
Lord  Hood  in  the  Victory,  a  first  rate,  at  the  latter  end  of 
the  same  year. 

In  the  ensuing  spring,  that  distinguished  nobleman,  as  we 
have  stated  in  our  memoir  of  Admiral  Sir  John  Knight*,  had 
prepared  to  resume  his  command  in  the  Mediterranean,  when 
most  unexpectedly,  on  the  2d  May,  he  was  ordered  to  strike 
his  flag.  The  Victory,  however,  immediately  proceeded  to 
that  station,  as  a  private  ship,  and  in  December  following  re- 
ceived the  flag  of  Sir  John  Jervis,  under  whom  Lieutenant 
Downman  served  in  the  battle  off  Cape  St.  Vincent,  Feb.  14, 
1/97  1  >  a  few  months  after  which  he  was  promoted  to  the  rank 
of  Commander  in  the  Speedy  brig  of  14  four-pounders  and 
80  men. 

During  the  time  Captain  Downman  commanded  the  Speedy, 
he  took  and  destroyed  several  of  the  enemy's  privateers,  and 
fought  a  very  gallant  action  with  a  vessel  of  far  superior 
force.  The  following  is  a  copy  of  his  official  letter,  addressed 
to  Earl  St.  Vincent,  on  this  occasion  : 

"  Speedy,  Tagus,  Feb.  16,  1798. 

"  My  Lord.  —  I  have  the  honor  to  acquaint  you,  that  on  the  3rd  instant, 
at  day-light,  being  seventeen  leagues  west  of  Vigo,  we  discovered  a  brig 
bearing  down  on  us  with  all  sail  set.  At  three  P.  M.  being  within  half  a 
mile  of  us,  she  hauled  her  wind,  and  opened  her  fire  ;  on  which  we  made 
all  sail  to  close,  engaging  her  until  half  past  five,  when  she  tacked  and 
made  sail  from  us.  I  immediately  tacked,  continuing  to  engage  till  half- 
past  seven,  when,  from  her  advantage  of  sailing,  and  little  wind,  she  got 
out  of  gun-shot.  Owing  to  the  great  swell,  we  received  little  damage, 
having  only  our  fore-topmast  shot  through,  with  some  of  the  running  rig- 
ging cut.  It  falling  calm,  and  the  vesseb  separating,  against  all  our  efforts 

Las  t 


casion  consisted  of  one  4,  two  8,  and  thirteen  24-pounders,  from  which 
the  enemy  fired  hot  shot  ;  together  with  six  heavy  mortars.  The  loss  sus- 
tained by  the  British  amounted  to  16  men  killed  and  39  wounded.  An 
account  of  the  subsequent  operations  against  the  French  in  Corsica,  and 
the  final  reduction  of  that  island,  will  be  found  in  our  first  volume,  at  p. 
249,  et  seq. 

*  See  Vol.  I,  p.  159.  f  See  id.  p.  21,  et  seq. 


POST- CAPTAINS    OF    1798. 

with  the  sweeps,  I  had  the  mortification,  about  twelve  o'clock,  to  see  her 
fire  several  guns  at  our  prize  that  we  had  taken  the  day  before.  Owing  to 
the  good  conduct  of  the  master,  12  men  who  were  on  board  the  prize 
battened  down  26  Spaniards,  and  made  their  escape  in  a  small  boat.  At 
day-light  a  breeze  of  wind  sprung  up,  which  enabled  us  to  fetch  her.  At 
eight  o'clock,  she  being  within  gun-shot,  tacked,  and  made  all  sail  from 
us,  rowing  with  her  sweeps  at  the  same  time.  We  chased  her  until  noon, 
when  they,  finding  she  had  the  heels  of  us,  shortened  sail,  wore,  and 
stood  towards  us,  with  a  red  flag  flying  at  the  main-top-gallant-mast  head. 
At  half-past  twelve,  being  within  pistol-shot,  we  began  to  engage  her, 
with  the  wind  upon  the  larboard  quarter.  At  two,  observing  her  fire  to 
slacken,  I  thought  it  a  good  opportunity  to  lay  her  on  board ;  but  at  that 
instant  she  wore,  and  came  to  the  wind  on  the  starboard  tack  :  finding  us 
close  upon  her  starboard  quarter,  and  from  our  braces  and  bow-lines  being 
shot  away,  our  yards  becoming  square,  she  took  the  opportunity  to  put 
before  the  wind,  and  made  all  sail  from  us.  We  immediately  wore  after 
her,  firing  musketry  at  each  other  for  20  minutes,  and  so  soon  as  the 
lower-masts  were  secured,  set  our  studding-sails,  and  continued  the  chase 
until  seven  P.  M.  when  we  lost  sight  from  her  superior  sailing.  I  then 
hauled  our  wind,  and  made  short  tacks  all  night  to  fall  in  with  our  prize  ; 
at  day-light  saw  her  to  windward ;  at  ten  P.  M.  retook  her,  with  10 
Frenchmen  on  board.  I  learn  from  the  prizemaster,  the  brig  is  called 
the  Papillon,  360  tons  burthen,  pierced  for  18  guns,  mounting  14,  four 
12  and  ten  9  pounders,  manned  with  160  men.  We  had  5  men  killed  and 
4  badly  wounded.  I  have  to  regret  the  loss  of  Lieutenant  Button,  and 
Mr.  Johnson,  Boatswain,  amongst  the  killed.  I  beg  leave  to  recommend 
to  your  Lordship's  notice  Mr.  Marshall,  Master,  for  his  good  conduct 
during  the  action.  Every  praise  is  due  to  the  ship's  company  for  their 
good  behaviour.  As  all  our  lower-masts,  bowsprit,  main-boom,  both 
topmasts,  and  most  of  the  yards  were  shot  through,  with  all  the  standing 
and  running  rigging  cut,  I  thought  proper  to  put  into  Lisbon  to  repair 
our  damage.  "  I  have  the  honor  to  be,  &c. 

"  HUGH  DOWNMAN." 

The  credit  which  our  officer  acquired  on  this  and  other  oc- 
casions was  such,  that  he  received  the  thanks  of  the  British 
Factory  at  Oporto,  accompanied  by  a  piece  of  plate,  value  50/. 
as  an  acknowledgment  of  his  services,  and  a  token  of  their 
gratitude.  In  the  course  of  the  same  year,  we  find  him  com- 
manding the  Santa  Dorothea  frigate.  His  post-commission 
bears  date  Dec.  26, 1798. 

Amongst  the  captures  made  by  Captain  Dowmnan  while 
commanding  the  jSanta  Dorothea,  we  find  the  San  Leon,  a 
Spanish  brig  of  1 6  long  six-poundera  and  88  men  *  ;  a  brig 
laden  with  wheat,  and  the  Santa  Anna  of  10  guns  :  the  two 

*  The  Strorabolo,  Perseus,  and  Bull  Dog,  assisted  at  this  capture. 


192  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1798. 

latter  were  cut  out  from  under  the  batteries  of  Bordiguera 
and  Hospitallier. 

In  the  spring  of  1800,  Captain  Downman  was  entrusted 
by  Lord  Keith  with  the  blockade  of  Savona,  a  fortress  situ- 
ated about  seven  leagues  from  Genoa,  which  city  was  at  that 
time  besieged  by  the  British  and  Austrian  forces*.  During 
41  nights  the  boats  of  the  Santa  Dorothea  and  the  vessels 
under  her  orders  f  rowed  guard,  with  a  perseverance  highly 
creditable  to  their  officers  and  men ;  and  at  length,  by  their 
vigilance  and  activity  in  cutting  off  all  supplies,  obliged  the 
garrison,  consisting  of  800  troops,  to  capitulate.  The  terms 
proposed  having  been  submitted  to  and  approved  of  by  the 
commander-m-chief,  were  signed  by  Captain  Downman,  in 
conjunction  with  the  Austrian  Major-General  Count  de  St. 
Julian. 

Notwithstanding  the  exertions  of  the  allied  forces,  the 
French  were  destined  to  be  successful ;  and,  in  consequence 
of  the  fatal  battle  of  Marengo,  the  whole  of  Tuscany  and 
Genoa  again  fell  under  their  dominion.  After  the  surrender 
of  the  latter  city  to  the  enemy,  Captain  Downman  was  sent 
to  destroy  the  fortifications  in  the  Gulf  of  Spezzia;  a  service 
which  he  executed  in  the  most  satisfactory  manner.  He  also 
preserved  the  valuable  Gallery  of  Florence  from  falling  into 
the  hands  of  the  French,  by  receiving  it  on  board  the  Santa 
Dorothea,  and  conveying  it  in  safety  to  Sicily.  On  his 
arrival  at  Palermo  he  received  a  letter,  of  which  the  following 
is  a  correct  translation,  from  one  of  the  Grand  Duke's  confi- 
dential servants,  dated  Nov.  18,  1800. 

"  I  beg  of  you,  Captain  Downman,  to  accept  100  zee-bins,  to  distribute 
among  your  seamen,  as  a  trifling  acknowledgment  of  the  trouble  which  my 
equipage  occasioned  them.  In  regard  to  yourself,  it  has  already  been  my 
care  to  take  advantage  of  an  extraordinary  courier  sent  by  the  Imperial 
Ambassador  to  Vienna,  to  inform  my  Sovereign  of  the  important  service 
you  have  rendered  to  him  and  to  Tuscany,  by  placing  the  most  valuable 
possessions  of  his  royal  gallery  in  safety  :  and  I  feel  assured  that  H.  R.  H. 
will  publicly  testify  his  thanks.  On  my  own  account,  I  owe  you  much 
more.  You  have  preserved  relicks  which  have  formed,  and  will  continue 
to  form,  much  of  my  happiness  j  and  you  also  entertained  me  while  on 
board,  with  unexampled  politeness  and  urbanity.  For  the  present,  be 

*  See  Vol.  I.  p.  53. 

t  Cameleon  sloop  of  war,  commanded  by  Lieutenant  Jackson;  and 
Strombolo  a  Neapolitan  brig,  Captain  Settimo. 

,w»«slJ  ,ul< 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1J98.  193 

assured  of  my  lively  and  sincere  acknowledgments.  In  more  happy  times, 
I  may  recompence  the  obligation  at  Florence,  where,  in  appreciating  the 
works  of  art  which  you  have  preserved,  you  will  be  sensible  of  the  import- 
ance of  your  services,  and  the  weight  of  my  obligations.  In  this  hope 
I  remain,  with  perfect  esteem,  respect,  and  gratitude,  your  friend  and 
servant,  (Signed)  "TOMMASO  PUCCINI." 

The  following  letters  subsequently  passed  between  the 
British  representative  and  another  of  the  Grand  Duke's  Mi- 

mstcrs  * 

"Vienna,  March  3,  1801. 

"  The  assiduous  attention  with  which  Captain  Downman,  of  the  English 
frigate  Santa  Dorothea,  has  conveyed  from  Leghorn  to  Palermo  various 
valuable  effects  belonging  to  H.  R.  H.  the  Grand  Duke  of  Tuscany,  my 
Sovereign,  which  were  accompanied  by  Signor  Tommaso  Puccini,  has 
been  stated  to  his  Royal  Highness. 

"  H.  R.  H.,  understanding  that  orders  to  this  effect  were  given  by  Ad- 
miral Lord  Keith,  desires  me  to  request  you  will  convey  to  the  same  his 
royal  thanks.  It  will  also  be  gratifying  to  H.  R.  H.,  if  you  will  condes- 
cend to  forward  to  Captain  Downman  a  diamond  ring,  which  will  be  con- 
veyed to  you  by  Signor  Brigadier  Giovanr.o  del  Bava,  as  a  testimony  of  the 
high  sense  which  H.  R.  H.  has  of  the  delicate  attention  with  which  Cap- 
tain Downman  executed  this  commission.  «  *  •  • 

"  Mr.  tPyndham.  (Signed)        "  G.  RAINOLDI." 

"  Trieste,  March  20,  1801. 

"  Most  Illustrious  Signor. — I  have  received  the  honor  of  your  note, 
accompanied  by  a  diamond  ring,  which  H.  R.  H.  the  Grand  Duke  of  Tus- 
cany condescends  to  present  to  Captain  Downman,  of  his  Britannic  Ma- 
jesty's  frigate  Santa  Dorothea,  for  the  care  with  which  he  conveyed  various 
effects  belonging  to  H.  R.  H.  from  Leghorn  to  Palermo  ;  and  I  feel  myself 
happy  in  being  deputed  to  testify  to  my  brave  and  worthy  friend  so  hono- 
rable a  testimony  of  H.  R.  H.'s  approbation.  I  shall  not  fail  to  send  it  to 
him,  with  a  copy  of  your  Excellency's  letter,  by  the  first  courier  that  sets 
out  for  London,  being  very  uncertain  where  the  Santa  Dorothea  may  be 
met  with  at  sea. 

"  I  shall  do  myself  the  honor  of  writing  to  Admiral  Lord  Keith,  announ. 
cing  to  him  those  professions  of  acknowledgment  from  the  Grand  Duke, 
which  cannot  fail  to  be  highly  gratifying  to  him,  and  to  impress  him  with 
sentiments  of  respect  and  gratitude.  *  *  *  * 

"  Signor  G.  Rainoldi.  (Signed)        "  W.  WYNDHAM." 

At  the  same  time  that  Captain  Downman  took  the  Flo- 
rence gallery  on  board  his  ship,  he  also  received  the  Duke  of 
Savoy,  (afterwards  King  of  Sardinia)  his  family,  and  suite, 
and  landed  them  at  Naples.  For  his  very  sedulous  and  oblig- 
ing attentions  during  the  passage,  that  Prince  sent  him  the 
following  letter,  and  the  Duchess  a  diamond  ring : 

VOL.  If.  Q 


194  POST-CAPTAINS    OF 

"  Sir. — I  cannot  sufficiently  express  the  extent  of  my  gratitude,  and 
that  of  my  wife,  for  the  extraordinary  care  and  trouble  which  you  have  so 
willingly  taken,  durtog  our  passage  from  Leghorn  to  Naples.  It  is  to 
your  solicitude,  in  shortening,  as  much  as  possible,  the  sufferings  which 
the  bad  weather  might  have  occasioned  to  a  woman,  in  the  ninth  month  of 
her  pregnancy,  that  my  wife  is  indebted,  for  not  having  eventually  suffered 
from  those  shocks,  which  might  perhaps  hare  occasioned  an  irreparable 
loss  to  our  family,  had  she  been  exposed  to  them  twenty-four  hours 
longer.  Our  gratitude  will  consequently  be  proportionate  to  the  obliga- 
tion which .  you  have  confewed  upon  us  ;  and  it  will  always  be  with  plea- 
sure that  we  shall  remember  our  acquaintance  with  an  officer  of  merit  and 
capacity,  in  all  respects  like  yourself.  I  flatter  myself  that  you  will  be 
convinced  of  the  sincerity  of  these  sentiments,  as  well  as  of  the  constant 
interest  which  I  shall  take  in  every  thing  that  may  concern  you ;  and  that 
I  shall  esteem  myself  happy  in  being  able  to  distinguish  you  upon  every 
occasion.  It  is  with  these  sentiments  that  I  am,  Sir,  &c.  &c. 

(Signed)        "  VICTOR  EMANUEL  DE  SAVOIE."  * 

In  July  1801,  we  find  Captain  Downman  escorting  three 
Swiss  regiments  land  the  corps  of  Lamenstein  to  Egypt,  where 
he  received  the  gold  medal  of  the  Turkish  Order  of  the  Cres- 
cent. He  subsequently  removed  into  the  Caesar  of  84  guns, 
bearing  the  flag  of  Sir  James  Saumarez,  Bart.,  which  ship  was 
paid  off  at  Portsmouth,  July  23,  1802.  In  Jan.  1804,  he  was 
again  selected  by  that  excellent  officer  to  be  his  Flag-Captain, 
in  the  Diomede  50j  on  the  Guernsey  station,  where  he  con- 
tinued about  fourteen  months.  He  afterwards  commanded 
the  Diadem  64,  bearing  the  broad  pendant  of  Sir  Home  Pop- 
ham,  at  the  reduction  of  the  Cape  of  Good  Hope  f ;  from 
whence  he  returned  to  England  with  the  Commodore's  des- 
patches, announcing  the  conquest  of  that  important  colony, 
and  from  which  we  make  the  following  extract : 

"  Captain  Downman,  of  the  Diadem,  will  have  the  honor  of  delivering 
this  despatch  to  their  Lordships  ;  and  from  the  intelligent  manner  in  which 
I  am  satisfied  lie  will  explain  every  movement,  and  the  causes  by  which 
I  have  been  actuated,  I  trust  he  will  require  no  further  recommendation  to 
their  Lordships'  protection." 

Having  executed  this  mission,  Captain  Downman  proceeded 
to  the  Rio  de  la  Plata,  where  he  resumed  the  Command  of  his 

•  Victor  Emanuel,  King  *of  Sardinia,  Duke  of  Savoy,  Piedmont,  and  Ge- 
noa, abdicated  his  thront  March  13,  1821;  and  was  succeeded  by  his 
brother  Charles  Felix,  son-in-law  of  Ferdinand  IV.  King  of  Naples  and 
the  Sicilies. 

t  See  Vol.  I.  note  f,  at  p.  622, 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1798.  195 

former  ship,  the  Diomede.  After  the  capture  of  Monte  Video 
he  sailed  for  Europe  ;  and  in  June  1807,  was  put  out  of  com-, 
mission.  During  the  latter  part  of  the  war,  he  commanded 
the  prison-ships  stationed  at  Portsmouth,  and  the  Princess 
Caroline  of  74  guns,  attached  to  the  North  Sea  fleet. 

Captain  Downman  married,  June  23,  1 803,  a  daughter  of 
Mr.  Peter  Palmer,  of  Portsmouth. 

Agent. —    • 


HON.  THOMAS  BLADEN,  CAPEL  * 

A  Companion  of  the  most  Honorable  Military  Order  of  the  Bath. 

THIS  officer   is  descended  from  Sir  William  Capel,  who 
was  Lord  Mayor  of  London  in  1493 ;  and  the  youngest  son 

•  Among  the  eminent  men  of  this  family,  whose  founder  was  Sir  William 
Capel,  Lord  Mayor  of  London,  we  find  a  Giles  Capel,  who  was  knighted  by 
Hen.  VIII.  for  his  valour  in  different  battles.  Arthur,  first  Lord  Capel, 
who,  during  the  civil  wars,  took  part  with  Charles  I.,  raised  several  troops 
of  horse  at  his  own  expence,  defended  Colchester  with  great  bravery,  and 
after  the  surrender  of  the  garrison  was  beheaded,  with  the  Duke  of  Hamil- 
ton, Earl  of  Cambridge,  &c.  &c.,  in  express  violation  of  the  promise  of 
quarter  given  by  the  rebels :  "  he  was  a  man,"  says  Lord  Clarendon,  "  in 
whom  the  malice  of  his  enemies  could  discover  very  few  faults  ;  and  whom 
his  friends  could  not  wish  to  see  better  accomplished."  *  *  *  "  In  a 
word,  he  was  a  man,  that  whoever  after  him,  deserves  best  of  the  English 
nation,  he  can  never  think  him  self  under  valued,  when  he  shall  hear  that  his 
courage,  vktue,  and  fidelity,  is  laid  in  the  balance  with,  and  compared  to, 
that  of  Lord  Capel."  Arthur,  the  son  of  this  nobleman,  was  created  Earl 
of  Essex,  April  20,  1661 ;  held  several  important  situations  in  the  diplo- 
matic line,  and  exhibited  a  noble  instance  of  prudence,  integrity,  and  mo- 
deration, as  Lord-Lieutenant  of  Ireland,  from  whence  he  was  recalled  in 
1677;  and  being  afterwards  accused  as  one  of  the  conspirators  in  the  "  Rye 
House  Plot,"  was  committed  to  the  Tower,  where  he  was  found  with  his 
throat  cut,  July  13,  1683 ;  a  catastrophe  which  is  yet  involved  in  mystery. 
His  only  son,  Algernon,  second  Earl  of  Essex,  was  a  Lord  of  the  Bed- 
chamber to  King  William,  and  attended  him  in  all  his  campaigns.  The  fol- 
lowing mention  will  be  found  of  him  among  the  "  Anecdotes  of  the  Court 
of  Queen  Anne" — "  He  is  a  good  companion ;  loves  the  interests  of  his 
country ;  hath  no  genius  for  business,  nor  will  ever  apply  himself  that  way. 
He  married  my  Lord  Portland's  daughter.  The  Queen  continues  him  in 
her  regiment,  and  has  made  him  Brigadier-General.  He  is  a  well-bred 
gentleman,  brown  compkxioned,  and  well-shaped ;  but  his  mouth  is  al- 
ways open." 

Hampton  Court,  ff  splendid  building  in  Herefordshire,  with  a  consider- 

o  2 


196  POST-CAPTAINS   OF    J798. 

of  William,  fourth  Earl  of  Essex,  by  his  second  Countess, 
Harriett,  daughter  of  Colonel  Thomas  Bladen.  He  was  born 
Aug.  25,  1776. 

We  are  not  aware  of  the  manner  in  which  Mr.  Capel  passed 
his  time  as  a  Midshipman ;  but  early  in  1798,  we  find  him 
serving  as  junior  Lieutenant  of  the  Vanguard  74,  bearing 
the  flag  of  Sir  Horatio  Nelson,  by  whom  he  was  promoted  to 
the  rank  of  Commander  in  the  Mutine  sloop  of  war,  imme- 
"diately  after  the  glorious  battle  in  Aboukir  bay,  on  which  oc- 
casion he  did  the  duty  of  signal  officer. 

On  the  13th  Aug.  1798,  Captain  Capel  sailed  for  Naples 
with  a  duplicate  of  the  Rear- Admiral's  despatches,  and  letters 
for  different  official  personages,  among  which  was  one  ad- 
dressed to  the  chief  magistrate  of  the  British  metropolis,  ac. 
companied  by  the  sword  of  M.  Blanquet,  the  senior  French 
officer  who  survived  the  battle.  From  Naples,  Captain  Capel 
proceeded  overland  to  England,  where  he  arrived  on  the  2d 
Oct.,  and  gave  the  first  intelligence  of  the  defeat  sustained  by 
the  republican  fleet. 

On  the  27th  Dec.  following,  Captain  Capel,  (to  whom 
Nelson  had  referred  the  Board  of  Admiralty  for  further  infor- 
mation respecting  the  battle,  at  the  same  time  describing  him 
as  "a  most  excellent  officer,")  was  advanced  to  post  rank, 
and  early  in  the  following  year  appointed  to  the  Arab  of  22 
guns.  From  this  vessel  he  afterwards  removed  into  the  Me- 
leager  32,  in  which  ship  he  had  the  misfortune  to  be  wrecked 
on  the  Triangle  rocks,  in  the  Gulf  of  Mexico,  June  9,  1801  *. 

Early  in  1803,  he  obtained  the  command  of  the  Phoebe 
frigate,  and  proceeded  to  the  Mediterranean,  where  he  con- 
tinued to  serve  until  after  the  death  of  his  noble  friend,  the 
lamented  Nelson. 

In  the  month  of  April  1805,  when  that  gallant  hero  pro- 
able  estate  annexed,  was  knocked  down  by  Squibb,  at  Garraways,  in  1808, 
for  64,000/.  The  grand  junction  canal  passes  through  Cashiobury  Park, 
Herts.,  the  present  residence  of  the  Earl  of  Essex,  and  which  is  said  to 
have  been  the  seat  of  the  Kings  of  Mercia,  till  Offagaveitto  the  monastery 
of  St.  Albans.  The  proprietors  at  first  intended  to  make  a  tunnel  under 
Crossley  Hill,  but  were  spared  the  enormous  expence  which  would  have 
att"Med  such  a  measure,  by  the  liberality  of  his  Lordship. 
*  See  Captain  WILLIAM  HENRY  DILLON. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1798.  197 

ceeded  down  the  Mediterranean  in  pursuit  of  the  French  fleet 
from  Toulon  *,  Captain  Capel  was  left  with  five  frigates  and 
two  bombs  to  cover  Sardinia,  Sicily,  and  the  route  to  Egypt, 
from  any  troops  that  might  be  sent  to  land  in  those  places. 
For  some  time  previous  to  the  battle  of  Trafalgar,  the  Phoebe 
was  employed  under  the  directions  of  Sir  Henry  Blackwood, 
watching  the  combined  fleets  in  Cadiz  harbour ;  and  after 
that  memorable  event,  Captain  Capel,  by  his  extraordinary 
exertions,  saved  one  of  the  prizes,  the  Swiftsure  of  74  guns ; 
and,  together  with  Captain  Malcolm,  of  the  Donegal,  subse- 
quently brought  out  the  Bahama,  a  ship  of  the  same  force. 

In  December  following,  Captain  Capel  sat  as  a  Member  of 
the  Court  Martial  assembled  at  Portsmouth,  to  try  Sir  Ro- 
bert Calder,  for  his  conduct  after  the  action  with  Villeneuve 
on  the  22d  of  the  preceding  July.  At  the  latter  end  of  1806, 
he  assumed  the  command  of  the  Endymion  frigate,  on  the 
Mediterranean  station ;  and  in  the  succeeding  year,  accom- 
panied the  expedition  to  the  Dardanelles,  and  conveyed  the 
British  Ambassador  to  and  from  Constantinople  f.  During 
the  operations  carried  on  between  Feb.  19,  and  March  3,  the 
Endymion  received  two  shot,  each  weighing  upwards  of  700 
pounds,  and  had  3  men  killed  and  10  wounded.  Sir  John 
Duckworth,  in  his  letter  to  Lord  Collingwood,  dated  March 
6th,  makes  particular  mention  of  Captain  Capel's  "  zealous 
attention  and  assiduity"  during  the  time  he  was  placed  in  the 
stream  of  the  Bosphorus,  for  the  purpose  of  ascertaining  when 
the  squadron  could  stem  the  current,  and  for  a  watchful  ob- 
servation of  the  movements  of  the  Turks,  as  well  as  to  faci- 
litate communication  with  the  Porte. 

Our  officer  continued  to  command  the  Endymion  until  the 
summer  of  1810,  and  was  then  appointed  to  the  Elizabeth 
of  74  guns.  About  the  month  of  July  1811,  he  removed  into 
the  Barham ;  and  at  the  latter  end  of  that  year,  to  the  Hogue 
of  the  same  force.  In  the  latter  he  was  employed  in  North 
America  during  the  whole  period  of  the  war  with  the  United 
States ;  and  for  a  considerable  portion  thereof,  was  senior 
officer  upon  the  northern  part  of  the  coast,  where  the  ships 

V :  .      .  1*    .  h 

*  See  Vol.  I,  note  at  p.  589,  et  seq. 
t  See  Vol.  1.  pp.  316,  etseq. ;  799,  et  fey.  ;  and  808,  et  seq. 


196  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1798. 

under  his  orders  were  particularly  active  and  successful  in  their 
annoyance  of  the  enemy  *. 

Captain  Capel  at  present  commands  the  Royal  George 
yacht,  to  which  he  was  appointed  Dec.  15,  1821.  He  was 
nominated  a  C.  B.  in  June  1815. 

Our  officer  married,  May  10,  1816,  the  only  daughter  of 
F.  G.  Smyth,  of  Upper  Brook  Street,  London,  Esq. 

Agent. — Thomas  Stilwell,  Esq. 


WILLIAM  HANWELL,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  obtained  his  first  commission  about  the  year 
1793 ;  and  in  1798?  we  find  him  serving  as  senior  Lieutenant 
of  the  Sheerness  44,  bearing  the  broad  pendant  of  Commodore 
James  Cornwallis,  on  the  African  station. 

There  is  a  privilege  existing,  from  time  immemorial,  which 
is  not  enjoyed  on  any  other  station  than  that  of  the  coast  of 
Africa :  it  is  that  of  the  next  officer  giving  himself  the  rank  of 
his  deceased  superior ;  and  which  self-appointments  have 
ever  been  held  good  by  the  Admiralty.  Commodore  Corn- 
wallis died  of  a  fever  July  31,  1798;  when  Lieutenant  Han- 
well,  who  succeeded  him  in  the  command  of  the  Sheerness, 
gained  two  gradations  of  rank,  which,  on  his  arrival  in  Eng- 
land, was  confirmed  by  a  post  commission,  dated  Dec.  29, 
1798.  We  know  of  no  other  living  instance  of  such  a  fortu- 
nate advancement  in  the  navy  f. 

Early  in  1810,  Captain  Hanwell  obtained  the  command  of 
the  Grampus,  a  50-gun  ship ;  and  on  the  26th  Oct.  in  the  fol- 
lowing year,  he  was  tried  by  a  court-martial  upon  a  charge 
of  repeated  drunkenness  and  unofficer-like  conduct,  preferred 
againsthim  by  Lieutenant  John  Chesshire.  The  Court  agreeing 
that  the  charge  was  not  proved,  acquitted  him ;  observing, 
that  the  prosecution  appeared  to  be  malicious  and  vexatious. 
He  subsequently  commanded  the  Dictator  64 ;  and  during  the 

*  See  Captains  F.  P.  EPWORTH,  SIR  P.  B.  V.  BROKE,  HYDE  PARKER, 
and  H.  PYNE. 

-f  The  Naval  Instructions,  established  by  an  order  in  council,  Jan.  25, 
1806,  appear  to  abrogate  this  regulation,  so  far  as  concerns  post  rank  ;  see 
•ect.  iv.  chap.  2.  art.  viii. 


POST-CAPTAINS   Off    1799.  199 

latter  part  of  the  war  superintended  the  depot  for  prisoners,  of 
war  at  Norman  Grogs. 

Captain  Hamvell  married,  in  1800,  Miss  Hanwell  of  Mix- 
bury,  near  Brackley,  Northamptonshire. 

in          -.  —  ,  -  -^  -  -  —  io 


THOMAS  MANBY,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  is  descended  from  a  family  whose  existence 
we  can  trace  to  the  reign  of  Henry  III,  His  progenitors 
possessed  large  estates  at  Manby  in  Yorkshire;  and  his 
father,  Captain  Matthew  Pepper  Manby,  considerable  pro- 
perty at  Hilgay,  co.  Norfolk  *. 

When  very  young,  he  was  appointed  one  of  the  Stationers 
to  the  Ordnance  department,  over  which  his  friend  the  late 
Marquis  Townshend  at  that  time  presided  ;  but  notwithstand- 
ing the  emoluments  of  this  situation,  his  predilection  for  the 
Naval  profession  was  so  great  as  to  induce  him  to  yesign  it, 
and  embark  as  a  Midshipman  on  board  the  Hyaena  of  34  guns, 
in  which  ship  he  served  on  the  Irish  station  from  1783  till 
1785;  at  which  latter  period  his  naval  patron,  the  late  Hon. 
Admiral  J.  Levison  Gower,  placed  him  in  the  Cygnet  sloop  of 
war,  under  the  protection  of  Captain  (now  Sir  Henry)  Ni- 
cholls,  with  whom  he  proceeded  to  the  West  Indies,  an$  af- 
terwards removed  into  the  Amphion  frigate. 

After  visiting  the  whole  of  the,-  West  India  and  Bahama 
islands,  the  Mosquito  $hore,  Bay  of  Honduras,  Carthagena, 
and  the  Spanish  Main,  he  returned  to  England  in  the  Amphion, 
and  soon  after  joined  the  Illustrious  pf  74  guns,  bearing  his 
patron's  flag.  Towards  the  clpse  of  179Q*  he  embraced  an 
offer  made  him  by  Captain  George  Vancouver,  to  accompany 
him  ap  a  Master's-Mate,  in  the  Discovery,  a  ship  which  had 
been  fitted  out  early  in.  the  year,  for  the  purpose  of  exploring 

*  Captain  M.  P.  Manby,  was  owner  of  the  Wood  Hall  estate,  and  Lord 
of  the  Manor.  He  served  several  years  in  the  Welch  Fuzileers  ;  but 
being  severely  wounded  during  the  siege  of  Bellelsle  in  176  If,  he  was 
compelled  to  withdraw  from  service  in  the  field.  He  subsequently  acted 
as  an  aide-de-camp  to  George  Viscount  Townshend,  Viceroy  of  Ireland. 


f  See  Schombei'g?s  Naval  Chronology,  Vol.  I.  p.  354,  et  seq. 


200  POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1799. 

the  N.  W.  coast  of  America,  but  detained  in  consequence  of 
an  expected  rupture  with  the  court  of  Spain.  That  cloud 
having  blown  over,  she  was  ordered  to  Nootka  Sound,  for  the 
purpose  of  receiving  formal  restitution  of  the  territories  on 
Which  the  Spaniards  had  seized  ;  after  which  she  was  to  make 
an  accurate  survey  of  the  coast,  and  obtain  every  possible 
information  respecting  the  natural  and  political  situation  of 
that  country. 

The  Discovery,  attended  by  a  brig  called  the  Chatham, 
commanded  by  Lieutenant  W.  R.  Broughton  *,  proceeded  on 
her  voyage  early  in  1791  ;  visited  the  Canary  Islands,  Cape 
of  Good  Hope,  New  Holland,  and  New  Zealand ;  discovered 
the  island  of  Oparo;  touched  at  Otaheite,  and  all  the  Sand- 
wich islands ;  made  considerable  discoveries  on  the  N.  W. 
coast  of  America  ;  and  arrived  at  Nootka  Sound  in  the  au- 
tumn of  1792.  At  this  place  some  disputes  arose  with  the 
Spanish  authorities  ;  in  consequence  of  which,  Captain  Van- 
couver despatched  officers  to  England  for  further  instructions, 
and  at  the  same  time  appointed  Mr.  Manby  Master  of  the 
Chatham.  For  nearly  two  years  from  this  period,  the  vessels 
were  employed  exploring  a  considerable  portion  of  the  Ulte- 
rior navigation  of  N.  W.  America,  and  the  southern  shores  of 
California,  passing  each  winter  amongst  the  Sandwich  islands. 

On  one  occasion,  the  Chatham  was  sent  from  Atooi  to 
Cook's  river,  where  she  arrived  after  a  passage  of  three  weeks, 
during  which  short  period  the  thermometer  had  fallen  from 
90°  to  5°  below  zero.  This  rapid  change  caused  all  the  crew 
to  be  afflicted  with  violent  rheumatic  complaints,  and  laid  the 
foundation  of  those  pains  with  which  the  subject  of  this  memoir 
has  long  been  tortured.  Whilst  exploring  this  river,  the 
Chatham  was  hurried  down  a  fall ;  the  velocity  of  the  current 
rendered  it  impossible  to  anchor,  and  her  destruction  appeared 
inevitable  :  but  fortunately  the  channel,  though  narrow,  was 
free  from  rocks,  and  on  her  reaching  an  immense  basin  of 
water,  after  being  twirled  round  several  times,  she  was  brought 
up  by  her  masts  and  yards  becoming  entangled  among  some 
trees  ;  from  which  dilemma  it  required  the  greatest  exertions 
of  her  officers  and  crew,  during  two  days,  to  extricate  her. 

*  See  Vol.  I.  note  *,  at  p.  165. 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1799.  201 

From  Cook's  river,  the  Chatham  proceeded  to  Nootka 
Sound,  where  she  again  joined  the  Discovery ;  with  which 
ship  she  afterwards  went  to  the  southward,  for  the  purpose  of 
exploring  Columbia  river,  then  recently  discovered.  On  ar- 
riving at  the  entrance  thereof,  the  Chatham  led  in  and  an- 
chored ;  but  from  the  state  of  the  weather,  the  Discovery  was 
obliged  to  stand  out  to  sea,  and  ultimately  proceeded  to  Port 
St.  Francisco,  in  New  Albion. 

The  examination  of  Columbia  river  occupied  near  three 
weeks  ;  in  which  time  the  constant  gales  of  wind  had  thrown 
up  so  dreadful  a  surf  across  the  entrance,  that  to  gain  the  offing 
appeared  almost  impossible.  For  several  days  Mr.  Manby 
was  employed  sounding  the  bar ;  and  not  finding  less  than 
three  fathoms  water,  his  commander  resolved  to  make  the 
attempt.  A  favorable  breeze  assisted  their  efforts  ;  and  not- 
withstanding the  fury  of  the  surf,  by  which  she  was  often 
erected  nearly  an  end,  Mr.  Manby,  from  the  fore-top-sail- 
yard,  succeeded  in  conning  her  out  to  sea  without  any  serious 
injury,  although  each  surge,  after  breaking  at  the  height  of 
the  lower  yards,  swept  her  deck,  and  threatened  destruction 
to  all  on  board.  A  more  perilous  time  was  never  known  by 
the  oldest  seaman. 

At  length  Captain  Vancouver,  finding  the  officers  he  had 
sent  to  Europe,  concerning  the  adjustment  of  the  differences 
relative  to  Nootka  Sound,  did  not  return,  promoted  Mr. 
Manby  from  the  Chatham,  to  be  a  Lieutenant  in  the  Discovery, 
where  he  continued  till  that  ship  returned  to  England,  and 
was  paid  off,  in  the  fall  of  1795. 

This  expedition  added  much  to  the  geographical  know- 
ledge of  the  world,  the  vessels  having  kept  sight  of  the  con- 
tinental shore  from  the  30th  to  the  62d  degree  of  North  la- 
titude. On  their  passage  home,  they  called  at  the  island  of 
Cocoa,  the  Gallapagos,  and  Valparaiso  ;  rounded  Cape  Honi, 
and  anchored  at  St.  Helena. 

Lieutenant  Manby  afterwards  served  in  the  Juste  of  84 
guns,  commanded  by  the  Hon.  Thomas  Pakenham  ;  and  in 
1796,  when  the  late  Lord  Hugh  Seymour  prepared  a  squa- 
dron for  the  South  Sea,  that  nobleman  applied  for  him  to  be 
placed  under  his  orders ;  in  consequence  of  which  he  was 


202  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1/99. 

promoted  to  the  rank  of  Commander  in  the  Charon  44,  armed 
en  jlute,  intended  to  carry  stores  for  the  armament ;  but  cir- 
cumstances inducing  government  to  countermand  Lord 
Hugh's  orders,  she  was  subsequently  employed  affording  pro- 
tection to  the  trade  between  Cork  and  the  Downs,  and  con- 
veying troops  to  Ireland  duriqg  the  rebellion  in  that  country. 
On  one  occasion  she  received  a  regiment  of  1 000  men ;  the 
whole  of  whom  were  landed  at  Guernsey  twenty-four  hqurs 
after  leaving  PorUmouth.  Before  sun-set,  the  ship  was  again 
under  weigh,  with  the  Glengarry  and  Nottingham  Fencibles, 
1000  strong,  embarked ;  and  the  following  day  those  corps 
were  landed  at  Waterford.  The  alertness  thus  displayed  by 
Captain  Manby  at  so  momentous  a  crisis,  was  highly  praised 
by  Sir  Hugh  Dalrymple,  the  Governor  of  Guernsey,  and 
gained  him  the  approbation  of  the  Admiralty. 

Whilst  in  Ireland,  Captain  Manby  landed  several  times 
with  his  crew,  to  dislodge  the  insurgents  from  their  strong 
holds  near  the  banks  of  Waterford  river  3  and  on  his  return  to 
England,  he  had  the  honor  of  presenting  to  his  late  Majesty  at 
Weymouth,  several  pikes  taken  from  his  rebellious  sub- 
jects. 

The  exemplary  conduct  of  the  Charon's  officers  and  men 
during  the  disgraceful  mutiny  in  the  British  navy,  wa*  so 
much  approved  by  Sir  John  Qrde,  the  Port-Admiral  at  Ply- 
mouth, that  a  considerable  part  of  the  petty  officers  were  re- 
warded with  warrants  by  order  of  the  Admiralty,  and  Captain 
Manby  himself  obtained  a  promise  of  promotion  to  post  rank. 
He  was  afterwards  sent  to  cruise  in  the  Channel,  where  he 
captured  a  French  privateer,  March  2,  1J98.  During  the 
time  he  commanded  the  Charon,  he  gave  protection  to  no 
less  than  four  thousand  seven  hundred  and  fifty-three  vessels, 
not  one  of  which  was  lost.  In  addition  to  these  services, 
he  for  some  time  assisted  at  the  blockade  of  Havre  de  Grace. 
His  post  commission  bears  date  Jan.  22,  1799.  The  follow- 
ing anecdote  will  explain  why  this  advancement  did  not  take 
place  at  an  earlier  period  : 

In  Oct.  1J98,  the  Charon  was  ordered  to  prepare  at  Wool- 
wich for  foreign  service,  Captain  Manby  to  be  posted,  and  the 
late  Lord  Camelford  to  succeed  him  in  the  command  of 


POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1799. 

that  ship.  Unfortunately,  his  Lordship  soon  entered  into  so 
many  altercations  with  the  Navy  Board,  that  the  Admiralty 
directed  Captain  Manby  to  superintend  her  outfit ;  a  circum- 
stance to  be  lamented  by  him,  as  he  would  otherwise  have 
stood  at  least  one-third  nearer  the  top  of  the  Post-Captains' 
list  than  he  does  at  present.  Lord  Camelford  attended  the 
Charon  daily,  had  several  boats  built  and  fitted  with  brass 
guns,  at  a  great  expence \  and,  the  various  alterations  he  wish- 
ed for  being  nearly  completed,  despatched  an  intelligent  per- 
son to  France  for  the  purpose  of  purchasing,  at  any  cost, 
plans  of  all  the  French  ports  in  the  Mediterranean  j  his  Lord- 
ship's agent  not  succeeding,  he  resolved  on  the  hazardous 
enterprise  of  going  himself  to  Paris,  and  actually  left  London 
with  that  intent  late  in  December.  Lord  Camelford  had  tra- 
velled near  two  stages  on  the  Dover  road  in  his  own  carriage, 
when  the  mail-coach  drove  up,  in  which  he  took  a  place,  and 
found  three  foreign  gentlemen  as  his  fellow  passengers ;  one 
of  whom  was  the  celebrated  Monsieur  Bompard,  who  had 
recently  been  taken  prisoner  by  Sir  John  Borlase  Warren  *, 
and  was  then  returning  home  on  his  parole.  His  Lordship, 
who  spoke  French  as  fluently  as  English,  to  humour  the  French 
commander,  extolled  the  republican  government,  and  so  far 
ingratiated  himself  in  his  good  opinion,  that  M.  Bompard  of- 
fered to  serve  him  in  any  way  he  could.  At  Dover,  Lord 
Camelford  requested  to  have  a  private  interview  with  his  new 
friend,  hoping  by  a  Httle  flattery  to  work  on  the  Frenchman's 
credulity,  and  thereby  ensure  his  own  safety  to  Paris,  His 
request  being  complied  with,  he  said  to  his  dupe,  "  I  am  an 
officer  of  the  British  Navy,  and  most  desirous  to  get  to  Paris, 
having  a  wish  to  see  the  Minister  Barras,  to  unfold  important 
information  that  would  prove  of  essential  service  to  the  re- 
public." In  an  instant  Bompard  embraced  him,  called  for 
pen  and  ink,  and  wrote  an  introductory  letter  to  Barras,  which 
was  sealed  and  pocketed  by  his  Lordship,  who  laughed  in  his 
sleeve  at  having  thus  hoaxed  his  fellow  traveller.  He  then 
went  to  the  beach,  and  agreed  with  the  crew  of  an  open  boat  to 
land  him  on  the  French  coast.  The  boat  was  promised  to  be 
got  ready  in  two  hours,  and  Lord  Camelford  returned  to, the 

*  See  Vol.  I.  p.  171. 


204  POST-CAPTAINS    OK    1799. 

inn  to  take  refreshments.  Whilst  he  was  thus  employed,  the 
boatmen  suspecting  something  wrong  from  his  extreme  anx- 
iety to  cross  the  Channel,  communicated  their  suspicions  to 
the  Collector  of  the  Customs,  who,  taking  some  of  the  civil 
power  to  his  aid,  placed  himself  near  the  boat,  and  on  his 
Lordship  coming  down  to  embark,  seized  his  person,  and  con- 
veyed him  back.  On  searching  his  pockets,  they  found  the 
identical  letter  written  by  M.  Bompard,  together  with  a  con- 
siderable sum  of  money,  a  brace  of  pistols,  and  a  dagger. 
His  Lordship  refusing  to  answer  any  questions,  they  hurried 
him  into  a  post-chaise,  and  proceeded  to  the  office  of  the  Se- 
cretary of  State,  in  London.  A  Privy  Council  was  imme- 
diately summoned,  an  investigation  took  place,  and  on  Lord 
Camelford  saying  all  his  intentions  were  known  to  Captain 
Manby,  the  latter  was  waited  on  by  Lord  Grenville,  and  re- 
ceived an  order  from  the  Duke  of  Portland  to  attend  the  fol- 
lowing morning  at  the  Treasury,  where  he  underwent  a  long 
examination  before  the  Privy  Council  assembled  for  that  pur- 
pose ;  and  by  his  answers,  set  every  thing  in  its  proper  light. 
His  Lordship  was  forthwith  liberated,  but  soon  afterwards 
received  an  official  message  from  the  Board  of  Admiralty, 
acquainting  him  that  he  was  not  to  have  the  Charon.  Hurt 
and  mortified  at  this  intelligence,  as  he  had  made  great  pre- 
parations for  assuming  the  command  of  that  ship,  his  Lord- 
ship wrote  to  desire  his  name  might  be  erased  from  the 
list  of  Commanders,  which  the  Board  instantly  complied  with ; 
at  the  same  time  giving  post  rank  to  Captain  Manby,  and 
appointing  Captain  Mackellar  to  succeed  him  in  the  Charon  *. 
Towards  the  latter  end  of  the  same  year,  Captain  Manby 
was  appointed  to  le  Bourdelois  of  24  guns  ;  in  which  ship, 
during  a  long  cruise  off  the  Western  islands,  he  captured  a 
valuable  French  schooner  from  Guadaloupe,  laden  with  coffee. 
Le  Bourdelois  was  afterwards  employed  in  the  blockade  of 
Flushing;  but  from  her  lowness  in  the  water,  and  great  length, 
she  proved  so  perpetually  wet,  that  her  crew  got  sick,  and 
rendered  it  highly  necessary  to  remove  her  from  that  service. 

»  Lord  Oamelford  was  one  of  Captain  Manby's  messmates  iu  the  Dis- 
covery. The  barony  became  extinct  by  his  demise  in  1804.  See  Vol.  I 
note  at  p.  716. 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1799.  205 

She  was  therefore  ordered  to  Spithead,  and  from  thence  to  the 
West  Indies  *. 

Le  Bourdelois  sailed  from  England  at  the  close  of  1800, 
under  the  orders  of  the  Andromache  frigate,  Captain  Bradby, 
and  in  company  with  a  fleet  of  merchantmen.  The  convoy 
being  dispersed  in  a  gale  of  wind  off  Cape  Finisterre,  Captain 
Manby  proceeded  to  the  rendezvous  at  Madeira ;  from  whence 
he  was  despatched  by  the  commodore,  to  keep  a  look  out  for 
the  scattered  ships,  one  hundred  leagues  to  windward  of 
Barbadoes.  On  his  way  to  that  station,  he  re-captured  two 
of  the  stragglers,  which  had  been  taken  by  a  French  priva- 
teer f  ;  and  on  the  28th  Jan.  1801,  he  had  the  good  fortune 
to  discover  two  large  brigs  and  a  schooner,  which  had  been 
sent  from  Cayenne  by  Victor  Hugues,  to  intercept  the  West 
India  fleet.  These  vessels  were  first  seen  at  noon,  and  being 
to  windward,  Captain  Manby  brought  them  down  by  stra- 

*  Le  Bourdelois  had  formerly  been  a  French  privateer,  belonging  to 
Bourdeaux.  She  was  pierced  for  26  guns,  and  at  the  time  of  her  capture, 
mounted  16  long  brass  12-pounders,  and  8  brass  36-pr.  carronades,  on  a 
flush  deck,  with  a  complement  of  202  men.  Her  extreme  length  was 
one  hundred  and  forty-nine  feet.  In  form  she  was  like  a  dolphin  ;  but  al- 
though the  most  beautiful  model  ever  seen,  many  of  Captain  Manby's 
brother  officers  considered  her  the  most  dangerous  vessel  in  the  service, 
and  were  therefore  induced  to  call  her  the  coffin.  Sir  Edward  Pellew,  now 
Viscount  Exinouth,  viewing  heV  one  day  as  she  lay  alongside  the  Jetty 
at  Plymouth  dock-yard,  gave  this  advice  to  her  commander :  "  Whenever 
you  are  in  a  gale  of  wind,  stanchion  up  yojir  main-deck  fore  and  aft;  for 
should  a  heavy  sea  break  on  board,  she  will  go  down  like  a  stone,  as  her 
frame  is  very  weak,  and  she  has  no  beam  to  support  it."  This  precaution 
was  always  taken,  and  le  Bourdelois  survived ;  but  two  sloops  of  war,  the 
Raillenr  and  Trompeuse,  of  the  same  build,  but  smaller,  both  went  to  the 
bottom  in  a  gale  off  Brest,  May  16,  1807,  a»d  every  person  on  board  them 
perished.  Had  the  above  measure  been  adopted,  most  probably  they  would 
not  have  foundered.  Le  Bourdelois  was  taken  by  the  Revolutionnaire  fri- 
gate, Oct.  11,  1799,  after  a  chase  of  114  miles  in  nine  hours  and  a  half. 
She  was  at  this  time  on  her  second  cruise,  and  had  previously  outsailed  all 
her  pursuers.  At  the  termination  of  her  first  trip,  during  which  she  took 
twenty=nine  valuable  prizes,  her  owners  gave  a  splendid  dinner  to  her  offi- 
cers ;  and  upon  their  relating  how  often  she  had  been  chased,  her  builder 
being  present  said  "  England  has  not  a  cruiser  that  will  ever  touch  her 
except  the  Revolutionaire  ;  and  should  she  ever  fall  in  with  that  frigate  in 
blowing  weather,  and  be  under  her  lee,  she  will  be  taken."  This  actually 
occurred  on  her  second  cruise.  The  same  builder  constructed  both  vessels. 
t  See  Captain  ROBERT  BARRIE,  C.  B. 


206  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1/99. 

tagem,  reserving  his  fire  till  the  largest  brig  had  arrived  within 
hailing  distance,  when  he  brought  her  to  action ;  and  after 
a  close  carronade  of  more  than  half  an  hour,  compelled  her  to 
surrender.  The  other  vessels  observing  le  Bourdelois  could 
fight  both  sides  at  once,  behaved  very  shy  on  this  occasion, 
and  made  off  when  they  saw  the  fate  of  their  commodore  ;  but 
not  before  they  had  received  such  a  dose  from  the  English 
ship,  as  effectually  spoiled  their  cruise.  The  prize  proved  to 
be  la  Curieuse  of  390  tons,  pierced  for  20  guns,  mounting 
18  long  9-pounders,  with  a  complement  of  168  men,  about 
50  of  whom  were  killed  and  wounded,  including  among  the 
latter  her  commander,  Captain  George  Radelet,  who  lost 
both  his  legs,  and  survived  but  a  few  hours.  Many  of  the 
prisoners  were  in  an  equally  pitiable  state  ;  and  the  vessel 
was  BO  Completely  torn  to  pieces,  that  she  went  down  just  as 
our  seamen  had  removed  the  last  of  the  wounded  Frenchmen 
from  her.  The  floating  wreck  buoyed  up  many  from  destruc- 
tion ;  butMessrs.  Spence  and  Auckland,  two  promising  young 
gentlemen,  with  five  of  Captain  Manby's  gallant  and  humane 
crew,  unfortunately  perished,  in  consequence  of  their  perse- 
verance in  the  meritorious  service  on  which  they  were  em- 
ployed. The  delay  occasioned  by  this  unhappy  event,  secur- 
ing the  prisoners,  and  repairing  damages,  detained  Captain 
Manby  about  three  hours  before  he  could  pursue  the  flying 
enemy  \  which  was  done,  however,  with  all  alacrity,  but 
•without  success,  as  the  night  favored  their  escape.  They 
were  la  Mutine  of  300  tons,  sixteen  long  6-pounders,  and 
156  men  ;  and  1'Esperance  of  six  4-pounders  and  52  men.  La 
Bourdelois  at  this  time  mounted  twenty-two  32-pr.  carron- 
ades,  and  two  long  9-pounders,  with  a  complement  of  195 
men.  She  had  1  killed  and  7  wounded. 

The  discomfiture  of  this  little  squadron  saved  the  scattered 
fleet  from  Capture,  and  induced  the  commodore  to  write  the 
following  official  letter,  which  was  transmitted  to  the  Admi- 
ralty, with  Captain  Manby's  account  of  the  action : 

"  Andromache,  Barbadoes,  Feb.  6, 1801. 

"  Sir.— Enclosed  are  two  letters  from  Captain  Thomas  Manby  to  me, 
from  which  the  service  he  baa  rendered  to  the  different  islands,  by  destroy- 
ing a  squadron  Sent  out  by  Victor  Hugues,  for  the  interception  of  the  out- 
ward bound  convoy,  speaks  for  itself. 

(Signed)         "  J.  BRADBY." 

"  To  Rear^dmiral  Duckworth,  $c.  fyc." 


POST-CAPTAINS  OP    1799.  207 

Le  Bourdelois  having  landed  her  prisoners  at  Barbadoes, 
proceeded  to  Martinique,  and  convoyed  the  trade  from  thence 
to  Jamaica,  where  Captain  Manby  joined  his  noble  friend 
Lord  Hugh  Seymour,  by  whom  he  was  sent  to  cruise  in  the 
Mona  passage,  on  which  service  he  continued  for  several 
months.  During  the  time  he  was  thus  employed,  a  Spaniard 
came  on  board  from  Porto  Rico,  and  begged  protection,  as  he 
had  just  murdered  his  officer.  Captain  Manby  heard  his 
story  with  indignation,  and  immediately  put  the  wretch  in 
irons.  He  then  proceeded  to  the  bay  of  Aquadilla,  and  sent 
his  first  Lieutenant  on  shore  to  the  Governor,  with  the  assas- 
sin, and  a  laconic  epistle,  of  which  the  following  is  a  copy : 

"  Sir. — The  British  colours  disdain  to  protect  a  murderer.  I  send  you 
one,  and  hope  he  will  meet  the  fate  he  merits.  I  arn,  &c.  T.  MANBY." 

The  Governor,  much  pleased  with  this  act  of  British  gener- 
osity, sent  back  a  most  complimentary  letter,  and  forwarded 
a  large  supply  of  fruit,  vegetables,  and  many  other  articles, 
for  the  use  of  le  Bourdelois'  crew* 

Some  time  after  this  event,  Captain  Manby  chased  a  large 
privateer  schooner,  mounting  18  guns,  into  Aquadilla  bays 
where  she  anchored  under  a  battery.  An  effort  was  made  to 
destroy  her,  but  did  not  succeed ;  and  le  Bourdelois  having 
received  much  damage  in  her  masts,  yards,  and  rigging,  was 
obliged  to  return  to  Jamaica  to  refit. 

During  his  absence  on  a  subsequent  cruise  in  the  Gulf  of 
Mexico,  Captain  Manby  had  the  misfortune  to  receive  intel- 
ligence of  Lord  Lord  Hugh  Seymour's  demise,  by  which  he 
was  deprived  of  a  most  valuable  friend.  At  the  termination 
of  the  war,  he  assumed  the  command  of  the  Juno  frigate,  and 
was  employed  with  other  ships  to  watch  the  motions  of  a  con- 
siderable fleet  and  army  sent  from  France  to  recover  St.  Do- 
mingo from  the  Blacks.  The  Juno  being  at  length  ordered 
to  England,  the  merchants  of  Jamaica,  who  had  often  witness- 
ed Captain  Manby's  activity  as  a  cruiser,  collected  a  large 
sum  of  money  for  him  to  carry  home,  and  which  yielded  him 
a  welcome  freight.  He  wa«  put  out  of  commission  at  Wool- 
wich, in  Aug.  1802. 

Early  in  October  following,  Earl  St.  Vincent,  who  then 
presided  at  the  Admiralty,  sent  for  Captain  Manby,  and  on  his 
arrival  said,  "  I  don't  like  to  see  an  active  officer  idle  on  shore  j 


208  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1J99. 

I  therefore  give  you  the  Africaine,  one  of  the  finest  frigates  in 
the  British  navy."  This  ship  was  soon  after  commissioned  at 
Deptford,  and  mounted  48  guns.  The  short  interval  between 
paying  off  the  Juno,  and  his  appointment  to  the  Africaine,  had 
been  passed  by  our  officer  at  Rainham  Hall,  Norfolk,  the  re- 
sidence of  his  friend  and  patron,  the  Marquis  Towiishend,  by 
whom  he  had  the  honor  of  being  introduced  to  H.  R.  H.  the 
Princess  of  Wales,  who  was  much  gratified  on  viewing  the 
innumerable  curiosities  collected  by  Captain  Manby  on  his 
voyage  round  the  world,  and  presented  by  him  to  the  Mar- 
chioness Townshend.  Many  articles  from  the  South  Sea  were 
presented  to  the  Princess,  likewise  some  valuable  furs  of  rare 
animals, procured  on  the  N.  W.  coast  of  America;  which  in- 
duced H.  R.  H.,  whilst  the  Africaine  was  fitting  out,  to  honor 
Captain  Manby  with  several  invitations  to  dinner  at  Montagu 
House,  Blackheath. 

Whilst  off  Gravesend,  on  his  way  to  the  Nore,  Captain 
Manby  received  an  express  from  town,  directing  him  to  com- 
mence an  impress  at  midnight;  this  order  was  promptly 
obeyed,  and  before  sun  rise  on  the  following  morning,  394 
prime  seamen  were  secured.  From  the  Nore,  he  proceeded 
with  a  24-gun  ship  under  his  orders,  to  blockade  two  large 
French  frigates,  with  troops  on  board,  lying  at  Helvoetsluys. 
On  this  irksome  service  he  continued  about  two  years,  during 
which  the  Africaine  had  many  narrow  escapes  from  the  sur- 
rounding dangerous  shoals,  and  was  once  set  on  fire  in  several 
places  by  lightning,  which  destroyed  the  fore-mast,  killed  1 
of  her  men,  and  wounded  3  others. 

The  blockade  of  an  enemy's  port  is  a  service  which  seldom 
presents  any  incident  worthy  the  particular  attention  of  the 
historian.  The  unwarrantable  detention  of  Captain  Manby's  first 
Lieutenant  ho  wever,by  order  of  theFrench  consular  government, 
at  a  time  when  he  was  employed  in  the  sacred  character  of  a 
flag  of  truce,  should  not  be  passed  without  notice,  in  a  work 
of  this  description ;  but  as  it  is  our  intention  to  introduce  this 
subject  when  the  time  shall  arrive  for  us  to  speak  of  Captain 
W.  H.  Dillon,  the  officer  alluded. to,  it  may  be  sufficient  in 
this  place  to  say,  that  that  gentleman,  to  the  eternal  disgrace 
of  the  republic,  was  kept  in  captivity  for  the  space  of  five 
years,  notwithstanding  many  appeals  were  made  by  the  Bri- 


POST-CAFfAINS    OF    1799.  209 

tish  nation  to  Napoleon  Buonaparte,  the  tyrannical  ruler  of 
France  against  such  indefensible  conduct. 

The  French  frigates  which  Captain  Manby  had  so  long 
watched,  being  at  length  dismantled  and  passed  through  the 
inland  canal  to  Flushing,  the  Africaine  was  ordered  to  rein- 
force the  squadron  off  the  Texel,  where  she  continued  several 
months  under  the  command  of  that  most  worthy  officer,  the 
present  Admiral  Russell.  Previous  to  his  quitting  the  block- 
ade of  Helvoetsluys,  Captain  Manby,  who  had  never  molested 
the  Dutch  fishing-vessels,  was  much  mortified  on  observing 
several  shot  fired  by  order  of  the  French  General  at  Scheveling 
at  the  Africaine's  jolly  boat,  in  which  four  boys  had  been  sent 
to  take  shrimps  from  a  sandbank  near  the  Maas.  By  way  of 
retaliation,  he  that  night  seized  sixty  large  vessels  employed 
hi  the  fishery,  most  of  which  were  sent  to  Yarmouth,  and  then 
addressed  the  followirig  brief  letter  to  the  French  myrmi- 
don : 

"  Monsieur  le  General. — As  you  have  prevented  iny  having  Shrimps  to 
my  Turbot,  I  will  deprive  you  of  Turbot  to  your  Shrimps,  by  taking  every 
fishing  vessel  you  have.  I  am,  &c.  "  T.  MANBY." 

The  Hague  was  thus  deprived  of  the  usual  supply  of  fish 
for  many  weeks. 

During  the  period  Captain  Manby  was  employed  off  the 
Texel  j  and  while  the  Africaine,  with  three  cables  an  end,  was 
riding  out  a  heavy  gale  of  wind,  the  main  piece  of  her  rudder 
broke  near  the  water  line,  and  before  it  could  be  got  clear  off, 
occasioned  serious  injury  to  the  stern  post.  On  the  storm 
abating,  the  Glatton  was  ordered  to  see  her  over  to  Yar- 
mouth ;  and  accordingly  towed  her  into  the  entrance  of  St. 
Nicholas'  Gat ;  but  it  being  the  first  of  a  flood  tide  when  she 
arrived  there,  secure  anchorage  could  not  be  obtained.  In 
the  night,  a  furious  gale  sprang  up  from  the  eastward,  two 
cables  parted,  and  she  was  only  saved  from  destruction  by 
cutting  away  all  her  masts.  After  refitting  at  Sheernees,  she 
escorted  a  large  fleet  of  merchant  vessels  to  Surinam,  Esse- 
quibo,  Demerara,  Trinidad,  and  other  islands  in  the  West 
Indies,  and  arrived  at  Barbadoes  with  a  crew  of  340  men,  in 
perfect  health.  There  Captain  Manby  received  orders  from 
Sir  Alexander  Cochrane,  to  take  charge  of  the  homeward 
bound  trade,  and  to  receive  on  board  some  invalids  from  the 
VOL.  n.  p 


210  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1/99. 

naval  and  military  hospitals,  for  a  passage  to  England.  In 
forty-eight  hours  after  his  departure  from  Carlisle  Bay,  the 
yellow  fever  raged  in  the  most  malignant  manner;  and  not 
an  hour  passed  without  one  or  two  gallant  fellows  being  com- 
mitted to  a  watery  grave.  The  surgeon  and  his  assistant  fell 
victims  to  this  dreadful  disease,  the  second  day  after  it  ap- 
peared ;  and  Captain  Manby  himself  took  charge  of  the  sick, 
following  the  directions  of  Dr.  Armstrong,  who  «kindly  came 
off  from  St.  Kitt's,  and  recommended  ten  grains  of  calomel  to 
be  administered  every  two  hours  to  each  patient,  and  the 
cold  effusion  directly  after.  This  had  the  effect  of  checking 
the  career  of  death  in  a  slight  degree  ;  bufe  Captain  Manby 's 
anxiety  for  the  safety  of  his  valuable  charge,  added  to  feelings 
of  the  most  acute  nature,  brought  on  an  attack  of  the  fever, 
which  had  nearly  numbered  him  with  the  dead,  and  made 
an  impression  on  a  good  constitution  that  we  fear  will  never 
be  totally  eradicated.  At  Tortola,  a  medical  assistant  was  pro- 
cured ;  and  the  Africaine,  after  losing  nearly  one-third  of  her 
officers  and  crew,  arrived  in  six  weeks  at  Falmouth.  On  the 
malignity  of  the  disease  being  made  known,  she  was  ordered 
to  perform  forty  days  quarantine  at  the  Scilly  islands,  whither 
a  physician  was  sent  from  London  to  attend  her.  Being  at 
length  released,  she  proceeded  to  Sheerness,  and  was  there 
put  out  of  commission. 

Captain  Manby's  next  appointment  was  to  the  Uranie  of 
36  guns  ;  but  that  ship,  being  soon  after  found  very  defective, 
was  paid  off  and  taken  to  pieces.  The  next  frigate  that  be- 
came vacant  was  the  Thalia,  to  which  he  was  appointed  by 
Lord  Mulgrave  ;  who  likewise  gave  him  the  command  of  a 
small  squadron  stationed  off  Jersey  ;  where  he  passed  a  year 
without  any  thing  particular  occurring,  except  the  capture  of 
le  Requin,  a  French  privateer,  of  14  guns.  In  1808,  he  was 
sent  with  the  Medusa  frigate  and  Locust  brig,  under  his  or- 
ders, to  look  out  for  two  French  frigates,  supposed  to  have 
gone  to  Davis's  Straits  for  the  purpose  of  destroying  our1 
Greenland  fishery.  On  this  frigid  service  he  continued  twelve 
weeks,  without  seeing  an  enemy.  In  the  course  of  that  pe- 
riod, each  vessel  received  much  damage  from  the  ice,  as  se- 
veral days  frequently  elapsed  without  the  possibility  of  seeing 
fifty  yards  in  any  direction,  owing  to  the  prevailing  thick  fogs  j 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1799.  211 

and  the  dangers  by  which  they  were  surrounded  could  only 
be  avoided  by  listening  for  the  breakers  as  they  dashed  on 
immense  floating  masses,  many  of  which  measured  two  hun- 
dred feet  above  the  surface  of  the  water,  and  extended  between 
two  and  three  miles  in  circumference.  On  quitting  this  inhos- 
pitable station,  the  Thalia  and  Medusa  found  an  excellent 
anchorage  on  the  coast  of  Labrador,  affording  an  abundant 
supply  of  wood  and  water  ;  which  Captain  Manby  surveyed, 
and  named  Port  Manvers,  in  honor  of  his  esteemed  friend  the 
late  Earl  of  that  name  *.  From  thence  he  proceeded  to  New- 
foundland, the  Western  Islands,  Cadiz,  Gibraltar,  and  Eng- 
land. 

Captain  Manby's  health  was  so  much  impaired  by  this 
northern  cruise,  (having  nearly  lost  the  use  of  his  right  side,) 
and  several  internal  complaints,  occasioned  by  the  great 
quantity  of  calomel  he  had  taken  in  the  West  Indies,  that 
his  medical  advisers  strongly  urged  him  to  give  up  his  ship, 
as  the  only  chance  of  being  restored  to  health.  This  advice 
he  reluctantly  complied  with,  and  nearly  four  years  elapsed 
before  he  became  sufficiently  convalescent  to  ask  for  employ- 
ment. The  downfall  of  Buonaparte  soon  rendering  an  appli- 
cation unnecessary,  he  purchased  an  estate  at  Northwold  in 
Norfolk,  where  he  now  resides  in  a  state  of  comfortable  in- 
dependence, anxiously  looking  for  that  step  which  alone  can 
reward  an  officer  who  has  ever  served  his  country  with  vigi- 
lance, zeal,  and  fidelity. 

Captain  Manby  married,  in  1800,  Miss  Hamond,  of  North- 
wold,  by  whom  he  has  two  daughters.  His  brother,  George 
W.  Manby,  Esq.,  formerly  Barrack- Master  at  North  Yar- 
mouth, and  who  now  holds  an  office  of  value  in  the  Ordnance 
department,  is  the  gentleman  who  brought  into  practice  the 
method  of  saving  shipwrecked  persons,  upon  a  plan  published 
by  Serjeant  Bell,  about  twenty  years  before. 

The  subject  of  this  memoir  is,  we  believe,  preparing  for 
publication  a  new  chart  of  the  South  Sea  ;  a  work  which  will 
prove  that  the  innumerable  islands  in  the  Pacific  Ocean  are 
all  peopled  from  the  same  stock  ;  and  that  the  same  hierogly- 

*  See  note  at  p.  183.. 

p  2 


212  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1799. 

phical  characters  are  known  from  one  extreme  of  that  sea  to 
the  other. 

Agent. — Thomas  Stilwell,  Esq. 


RIGHT  HON.  LORD  JAMES  O'BRYEN. 

THIS  officer  is  the  second  son  of  the  late  Edward  O'Bryen, 
Esq.,  a  Captain  in  the  army,  brother  of  Murrough,  the  first 
Marquis  of  Thomond  * .  During  the  greater  part  of  the  first 
French  revolutionary  war,  he  commanded  the  Shark  and 
Childers  sloops  of  war.  His  post  commission  bears  date 
Feb.  14, 1799.  We  subsequently  find  him  hi  the  Emerald 
frigate,  assisting  at  the  capture  of  St.  Lucia  and  Surinam. 
The  following  are  extracts  from  the  official  letter  of  Com- 
modore Hood,  announcing  the  reduction  of  the  latter  co- 
lony : 

"  Brigadier-General  Hughes  was  ordered  on  board  the  Pandour,  to  en- 
deavour to  gain  possession  of  Braam's  point ;  and  instructions  were  sent  to 
Captain  O'Bryen,  then  lying  off  the  bar,  to  carry  this  service,  in  concert 
with  the  Brigadier,  into  execution :  he,  with  his  usual  intrepidity,  lost  not 
a  moment,  but  as  the  tide  flowed,  pushed  in  over  the  bar,  and  anchored 
close  to  the  battery  of  seven  18-pounders,  followed  by  Captains  Nash  and 
Ferris,  in  the  Pandour  and  Drake.  The  fort  commenced  a  brisk  fire  on 
the  Emerald,  but  was  silenced  by  a  few  broadsides  after  the  ships  had 
anchored,  without  any  loss  on  our  side :  in  it  were  captured  43  officers  and 
men,  3  of  whom  were  wounded.  Not  being  able  to  approach  nearer  in  the 
Centaur,  the  General  and  myself  removed  next  morning  to  the  Emerald  ; 
and  having  summoned  the  colony,  received  an  answer  containing  a  refusal 
of  the  terms.  The  moment,  therefore,  the  tide  served,  every  effort  was 
made  to  get  up  the  river,  which,  from  the  shallowness  of  the  water,  was 
very  difficult,  the  Emerald  having  passed  through  the  mud  in  three  feet 
less  than  she  drew.  *  *  *  *  The  indefatigable  zeal  of  Captains 
O'Bryen  and  Nash,  in  arranging  and  forwarding  the  supplies,  and  Captains 
Maxwell,  Ferris,  Waring,  and  Richardson,  in  giving  aid  to  the  army,  as 
well  as  Captain  Kempt,  agent  for  transports,  claim  my  warmest  ap- 
plause f."  *  *  »  * 


*  The  O'Bryens  are  one  of  the  aboriginal  families  of  Ireland,  and  des- 
cended from  the  kings  of  Thomond  and  Muuster  ;  their  pedigree  is  traced 
with  peculiar  exactness  by  the  Editor  of  a  Biographical  Peerage  of  Ireland, 
published  in  1817. 

f  An  account  of  the  reduction  of  Surinam  will  be  found  under  the  head 
of  Sir  Murray  Maxwell,  in  this  volume. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1799.  213 

Some  time  preceding  this  event,  Captain  O< Bryen  captured 
1'Enfaut  Prodigue,  a  French  schooner  of  16  guns,  the  whole 
of  which  were  thrown  overboard  during  a  chase  of  seventy- 
two  hours. 

On  the  29th  Nov.  1809,  his  late  Majesty  was  pleased  to 
grant  Captain  O'Bryen,  his  brothers  and  sisters,  the  same 
precedency  as  if  their  father,  who  died  in  1801,  had  survived 
his  brother,  the  late  Marquis,  who  died  without  male  issue 
Feb.  10,  1808. 
v  Lord  James  O'Bryen  married,  first,  a  Miss  Bridgeman ; 

and  secondly,  Jane,  relict  of Horsford,  of  the  island  of 

Antigua,  Esq.     He  is  the  heir  presumptive  to  the  Marquisate 
of  Thomond,  now  enjoyed  by  his  brother. 

Agents. — Messrs.  Cooke,  Halford  and  Son. 


RICHARD  MATSON,  ESQ. 
POST  commission  dated  March  22,  1799. 
Agents. — Messrs.  Maude. 


RICHARD  RAGGETT,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant,  Dec.  15,  1778;  and 
obtained  the  rank  of  Commander  about  1793.  From  this 
period  he  commanded  the  Pluto  and  Dart  sloops  of  war,  on 
the  Newfoundland,  and  North  Sea  stations,  until  posted, 
April  21,  1799.  The  latter  vessel  formed  part  of  Sir  Home 
Popham's  squadron  at  Ostend,  in  May  1798  *.  At  the  close 
of  the  war  in  1801,  we  find  him  serving  as  Flag-Captain  to 
Vice-Admiral  Sir  Henry  Harvey,  in  the  Royal  Sovereign,  a 
first  rate. 

Early  in  1805,  Captain  Raggett  was  appointed  to  the 
Leopard  50,  bearing  the  flag  of  the  late  Admiral  Billy  Doug- 
las, on  the  Downs  station.  In  1807,  he  commanded  the 
Africaine  frigate,  and  conveyed  Lieutenant- General  Lord 
Cathcart  from  England  to  Swedish  Pomerania,  at  that  period 
invaded  by  a  French  army,  and  defended  by  the  Swedish  Mo- 
narch in  person  f.  On  the  arrival  of  Admiral  Gambier  in  the 

*  See  Vol.  I.  note  at  p.  713,  et  seq. 
t  Gustavus,  King  of  Sweden,  after  a  most  heroic  defence,  was  obliged 


214  POST- CAPTAINS    OF    1/99. 

Sound,  with  a  fleet  destined  to  attack  Copenhagen,  he  pro- 
ceeded with  the  same  nobleman  to  join  the  expedition ;  and 
after  the  surrender  of  the  Danish  navy,  had  the  charge  of 
fitting  out  one  of  the  captured  frigates,  which  was  conducted 
safely  to  the  river  Medway,  by  part  of  the  Africaine's  crew. 
Towards  the  close  of  the  same  year,  he  accompanied  a  small 
armament  under  Sir  Samuel  Hood,  sent  to  obtain  possession 
of  Madeira  ;  the  garrison  of  which  island  surrendered  with- 
out resistance  on  the  26th  Dec.  He  has  since  commanded 
the  Defiance,  Conqueror,  Spencer,  and  Albion,  third  rates. 
The  latter  ship  was  put  out  of  commission,  May  31,  1822. 
Agent. — J.  Hinxman,  Esq. 


JOHN  MACKELLAR,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer,  a  descendant  from  an  old  and  highly  respec- 
table family  in  Argyleshire,  is  the  eldest  son  of  the  late  Gene- 
ral Patrick  Mackellar,  a  Colonel  of  the  Royal  Engineers,  by  Miss 
Elizabeth  Basaline,  of  Minorca,  on  which  island  he  was  born 
about  1768  *.  He  entered  the  naval  service  as  a  Midship- 

to  evacuate  Stralsund  and  retire  to  the  island  of  Rugenj  from  whence  he 
proceeded  to  Carlscrona  in  a  Swedish  ship  of  war,  accompanied  by  the 
British  sloop  Rosamond,  commanded  by  the  present  Captain  J.  W.  Deans 
Dundas,  who  had  been  for  some  time  stationed  in  Pert  Bay,  for  the  pur- 
pose of  receiving  his  Majesty,  in  the  event  of  his  being  obliged  to-  abandon 
the  capital  of  Pomerania 

*  General  Mackellar  was  descended  from  the  Lairds  of  Main  and  Dale, 
where  the  family  possessed  considerable  landed  property.  His  eminent 
services  at  the  reduction  of  Quebec,  the  Havannah,  and  other  places,  are 
thus  alluded  to  by  General  Mercer,  of  the  same  corps,  in  a  letter  addressed 
to  Captain  John  Mackellar,  dated  at  Plymouth,  Jan.  29,  1803  : 

"  Dear  Sir. — As  I  had  the  happiness  of  serving  under  your  late  father, 
for  upwards  of  eleven  years,  it  gives  me  much  pleasure  to  comply  with 
your  wish,  and  to  state  my  real  sentiments  of  his  character  in  public  and 
private  life.  The  late  Colonel  Mackellar,  of  the  corps  of  Royal  Engineers, 
was,  in  all  respects,  a  most  excellent  and  moral  man.  He  was  an  accom- 
plished gentleman  and  scholar,  and  a  most  excellent  officer.  He  had  seen 
much,  and  to  him,  most  honorable  service ;  and,  as  a  professional  man, 
we  had  not  then,  nor  do  I  now  believe  we  can  produce,  his  equal  in  point 
of  general  knowledge.  He  was  Chief  Engineer,  under  General  Wolfe,  at 
Quebec  ;  and  his  professional  ability,  and  unremitted  exertions,  were,  in  a 
great  measure,  the  means  of  preventing  that  place  from  falling  into  the 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF  1799.  ^  215 

man  on  board  the  Romney,  a  50-gun  ship,  bearing  the  broad 
pendant  of  Commodore  Johnstone,  Jan.  6,  1781  ;  and  was 
badly  wounded  in  the  leg  during  the  action  with  M.  de  Suf- 
frein,  in  Porto  Praya  bay  f.  He  subsequently  served  under 
Captains  J.  W.  Payne  Carnegie  (now  Earl  of  Northesk), 
Adam  (afterwards  Viscount)  Duncan,  Benjamin  Caldwell, 
John  Knight,  and  William  Domett;  in  the  Enterprise  of  28 
guns,  on  the  West  India  and  American  stations  ;  Edgar  74 ; 
Phoenix  frigate ;  Alcide  a  third  rate,  and  Barfleur  of  98  guns, 
fitted  for  home  service ;  Salisbury  50,  at  Newfoundland ;  and 
Victory,  a  first  rate,  in  the  Channel. 

During  a  cruise  off  the  Havannah,  the  Enterprize  assisted 
at  the  capture  of  two  valuable  Spanish  polacres ;  a  privateer 
of  16  guns  and  70  men,  under  American  colours  ;  and  six 
other  armed  vessels  :  also  at  the  destruction  of  the  Count  de 
Grasse,  carrying  20  guns  and  110  men.  She  subsequently 
sent  her  boats,  one  of  which  was  commanded  by  Mr.  Mac- 
kellar,  up  a  river,  to  destroy  the  store-houses  belonging  to  two 
plantations  ;  a  service  which  was  effectually  performed,  after 
defeating  a  party  of  native  militia,  who  opposed  their  landing. 
They  returned  to  the  ship  in  safety,  bringing  with  them  a 
considerable  quantity  of  sugar.  Whilst  on  the  coast  of  Ame- 
rica, she  drove  on  shore  a  brig  privateer,  of  16  guns ;  and 
captured  the  Mohawk  of  22  guns  and  125  men.  Mr. 
Mackellar  was  employed  in  one  of  the  two  boats  sent  to  des- 

> 

bands  of  the  French,  when  they  afterwards  attacked  it ;  when,  by  the  ad- 
vice of  your  father,  battle  was  given  by  General  Murray,  and  the  enemy 
were  completely  defeated,  and  put  to  the  rout.  In  this  engagement 
Mackellar  was  dangerously  wounded,  being  shot  through  the  body  *. 
He  served  as  Chief  Engineer  at  the  taking  of  Martinique,  Guadaloupe,  and 
at  the  siege  of  the  Havannah  ;  and  closed  a  most  honorable  life  when  Chief 
Engineer  at  Minorca,  (in  17/9)'  Jt  must  afford  you  great  pleasure  to 
recollect  and  reflect  upon  the  character  and  virtues  of  such  a  father.  *  *  * 
"  I  am,  dear  Sir,  most  sincerely  yours, 

(Signed)         "  ALEX.  MERCER." 

*'  P.  8.  I  forgot  to  mention,  that  he  was  of  very  great  service  in  General 
Braddock's  unfortunate  engagement ;  and  that  lie  was  wounded  at  Oi- 
wego." 


*  General  Mackellar  was  badly  wounded  iu  six  placei.;  aijt  ; 
t  See  Vol.  I.  note  at  p.  268,  et  seq. 


216  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1799.  I 

troy  the  former,  which  was  accomplished,  notwithstanding 
the  resistance  made  by  her  crew,  supported  by  some  military, 
and  the  presence  of  several  French  men  of  war  lying  in  Bos- 
ton harbour.  The  Mohawk  was  afterwards  commissioned  as 
a  sloop  of  war.  Subsequent  to  the  general  pacification,  the 
Enterprize  took  possession  of  Montserratt,  Nevis,  St.  Kitt's, 
and  Dominica;  which  islands  had  been  restored  to  Great 
Britain  by  the  treaty  of  Versailles.  She  was  paid  off  at  Dept- 
ford  May  26,  17&4;  and  from  that  period  Mr.  Mackellar 
served  in  the  abovementioned  ships  *,  until  1790,  when  he 
was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  Lieutenant  in  the  Circe  frigate, 
employed  cruising  in  the  Channel. 

A  few  months  after  the  commencement  of  hostilities  against 
the  French  republic,  our  officer  was  appointed  to  the  Assist- 
ance of  50  guns  ;  in  which  ship  we  find  him  serving  as  first 
Lieutenant,  at  the  capture  of  1'Elizabeth,  mounting  40  guns, 
with  a  complement  of  300  men,  by  the  squadron  under  Vice- 
Admiral  Murray,  on  the  Halifax  station,  Aug.  28,  1796. 

In  Jan.  1797>  Captain  Mowatt,  of  the  Assistance,  having 
succeeded  to  the  command  of  the  squadron  employed  in  North 
America,  appointed  Lieutenant  Mackellar  to  the  command  of 
a  sloop  of  war  recently  launched  at  Bermuda ;  but,  on  the  ar- 
rival of  Vice-Admiral  Vandeput,  he  was  superseded  and 
obliged  to  return  home  as  a  passenger  on  board  the  St. 
Albans  64.  On  his  arrival  in  England,  he  was  confirmed  as 
a  Commander,  by  commission  dated  July  5,  1797  J  and  in 
November  following,  he  was  appointed  to  the  Minerva  fri- 
gate, armed  en  flute. 

The  Minerva  formed  part  of  the  expedition  sent  against 
Ostend,  in  May  1798 ;  and  Captain  Mackellar,  then  labour- 
ing under  a  severe  attack  of  dysentery,  after  distinguishing 
himself  by  his  activity  and  zeal,  appears  to  have  been  included 
in  the  capitulation  by  which  the  British  troops,  under  Major- 
General  Coote,  and  a  detachment  of  seamen,  landed  from  Sir 
Home  Popham's  squadron,  surrendered  themselves  as  prison- 
ers of  war  to  a  very  superior  French  force  f. 

*  The  Barfleur  and  Victory  bore  the  flag  of  the  late  Viscount  Hood ; 
and  the  Salisbury  that  of  Admiral  Milbanke. 

f  See  Vol.  I.  note  at  p.  713,  et  seq. 


POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1799.  217 

The  following  is  an  extract  from  the  general  order,  issued 
by  the  military  commander-in-chief,  dated  Sand  Hills,  near 
Ostend,  May  20,  1798  : 

"  To  Captains  Winthrop  of  the  Circe,  and  Mackellar  of  the  Minerva, 
Major-General  Coote  cannot  sufficiently  express  how  highly  he  is  satis- 
fied with  the  great  assistance  he  has  derived  from  those  officers,  by  their 
support  to  the  general  object  of  the  expedition ;  in  conveying  up  to  the 
basin  gates,  the  powder  and  materials  necessary  for  their  destruction,  and 
the  effectual  manner  in  which  this  object  has  been  accomplished.  To 
Captain  Mackellar,  the  Major-General  has  in  a  particular  manner  to  con- 
vey his  marked  approbation  for  his  able  conduct  in  lashing  the  vessels  to 
the  basin  gates  after  the  explosion ;  and  in  setting  fire  to  and  burning 
them." 

Captain  Mackellar  continued  a  prisoner  in  the  citadel  of 
Lisle  until  the  month  of  December  following,  when  he  had 
the  good  fortune  to  be  exchanged.  The  following  is  an  ex- 
tract from  a  letter  written  to  him  at  a  subsequent  period, 
by  Major-General  Harry  Burrard,  one  of  his  fellow  captives  : 

"  To  your  exertions,  and  those  of  Captain  Winthrop,  I  have  always  con- 
sidered the  service  as  extremely  indebted,  both  in  taking  the  command  of 
transporting  the  necessary  combustible  materials,  and  in  arranging  them 
for  the  required  effect.  I  well  remember  your  particular  exertions,  after 
the  mine  was  sprung,  in  burning  the  vessels,  and  lashing  them  to  the  flood- 
gates, to  consume  the  whole ;  and  during  the  attack  upon  us  the  next 
morning,  you  did  every  thing  an  officer  could  do  in  your  situation.  When, 
a  few  days  afterwards,  I  joined  you  in  the  citadel  of  Lisle,  and  found  that 
the  French  Commandant,  with  much  liberality,  but  at  his  own  risk,  allowed 
us  the  command  of  our  own  men,  I  soon  had  reason  to  rejoice  that  an  officer 
of  your  firmness  of  character,  had  the  management  of  those  who,  generally 
speaking,  I  considered  as  a  very  ungovernable,  I  may  say,  mutinous  set  of 
fellows.  The  quota  furnished,  I  believe,  by  two  of  the  frigates,  were  well 
behaved,  and  might  be  depended  upon  ;  the  rest,  above  100,  were  mostly 
from  the  gun-brigs,  Irish  and  lawless,  as  undisciplined  and  difficult  to  keep 
under  as  any  men  I  have  ever  seen.  We  all  considered  ourselves  as  much 
indebted  to  you,  when,  at  the  extreme  hazard  of  your  life,  you  went  into 
them,  when  in  a  state  of  mutiny,  and  at  a  time  the  Commandant,  notwith- 
standing his  good  will,  found  it  necessary  to  point  guns  at  them.  By  your 
spirit  and  firmness,  you  brought  them  at  length  to  a  more  sober  way  of 
thinking  ;  shielding  us  all  from  the  rigorous  treatment  reasonably  to  be  ex- 
pected from  such  a  government  at  such  a  time."  After  noticing  his  atten- 
tion to  the  victualling  and  clothing  of  his  men,  together  with  his  anxiety 
about  those  who  fell  sick,  the  Major-Geueral  tells  Captain  Mackellar, 
"  These  sentiments  were  not  those  of  the  moment  only.  We  remained 
together,"  says  the  gallant  officer,  "  confined  strictly  to  the  citadel,  for 
above  six  months,  where  I  had  leisure,  and  surely  opportunity  enough  to 


218  POST-CAFfAJNS    OF    1/99. 

collect  these  observations  \vitb  correctness.  I  shall  only  add,  that  to  your 
firmness  I  consider  we  owed  much  of  that  lenity  \ve  continued  to  ex- 
perience ;  for  had  it  not  been  for  those  exertions,  and  the  support  you 
gave  your  officers,  the  very  undisciplined  state  of  the  crews  with  us,  must 
have  made  it  necessary  for  the  government  to  be  much  more  rigorous." 

After  commanding  the  Wolverene  sloop  of  war  for  a  very 
few  days,  Captain  Mackellar  was  appointed  to  the  Charon, 
a  44-gun  ship,  fitting  for  the  Mediterranean  station  *  ;  arid 
on  his  arrival  at  Gibraltar,  April  27,  1799?  he  received  a  post 
commission  dated  that  same  day,  as  a  reward  for  his  conduct 
at  Ostend,  but  particularly  for  remaining  on  shore  with  the 
certainty  of  being  made  a  prisoner,  for  the  express  purpose 
of  giving  his  aid  to  M ajor-General  Coote,  by  assuming  the 
command  of  the  seamen  who  had  unavoidably  been  left  with- 
out an  officer  of  sufficient  rank  to  direct  them,  at  a  moment 
when  the  presence  of  one  was  absolutely  necessary. 

From  Gibraltar,  Captain  Mackellar  proceeded  to  Constan- 
tinople with  presents  for  the  Grand  Seignior,  and  a  transport 
having  on  board  a  number  of  artificers  and  artillerymen,  sent  to 
instruct  the  Turks  in  their  respective  branches  of  military 
science.  On  his  return  he  called  at  Smyrna,  Sicily,  and  Minorca, 
for  the  homeward  bound  trade  collected  at  those  places  ;  the 
whole  of  which  he  conducted  in  safety  to  the  rock,  where  he 
was  charged  with  despatches  for  England.  On  his  passage 
thither,  he  chased  a  privateer  schooner,  which  escaped,  after 
throwing  overboard  her  guns,  14  in  number,  boats,  spars,  and 
anchors.  He  subsequently  assisted  at  the  evacuation  of  the 
Helder. 

Captain  Mackellar's  next  appointment  was  to  the  Jamaica 
of  26  guns,  in  which  ship  he  escorted  a  fleet  of  merchantmen 
to  and  from  the  Baltic,  re-took  an  English  mast-ship,  and  a 
brig  laden  with  corn ;  and  obliged  a  large  privateer,  com- 
manded by  the  famous  Blackeman,  to  lighten  herself  of  guns, 
&c.,  in  order  to  avoid  capture.  In  March  1801,  he  was  ap- 
pointed to  the  Terpsichore  frigate,  employed  blockading 
Boulogne  and  Calais ;  on  which  service  he  continued  till 
June  following,  when  he  received  orders  to  sail  for  the  East 
Indies  with  despatches,  and  a  large  quantity  of  specie. 

In  Dec.  1801,  whilst  the  Terpsichore  was  under  repair  at 

•  See  p.  204. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1799.  219 

Bombay,  the  Governor  of  that  Presidency  received  informa- 
tion that  the  Portuguese  authorities  on  the  coast  of  Malabar, 
expected  a  French  squadron,  with  a  body  of  troops,  to  take 
possession  of  their  settlements  ;  and  feeling  the  importance  of 
preventing  the  enemy  establishing  themselves  at  Dematm 
and  Isle  Diu,  applied  to  Captain  Hargood,  of  H.  M.  S.  Intre- 
pid, the  senior  officer  present,  for  assistance.  The  Intrepid 
and  Terpsichore  being  in  a  dismantled  state,  Captain  Mac- 
kellar  instantly  volunteered  to  take  the  command  of  an  ex- 
pedition; and  his  offer  being  accepted,  sailed  the  same  evening 
in  the  Marquis  Cornwallis  of  48  guns,  accompanied  by  the 
Upton  Castle  Indiaman,  Betsy,  an  armed  brig  belonging  to 
the  Hon.  Company,  and  several  smaller  vessels,  on  board  of 
which  were  embarked  1000  regulars  and  native  troops ;  it 
being  intended  to  have  recourse  to  force,  should  the  Gover- 
nors of  Demaun  and  Isle  Diu  refuse  to  admit  British  rein- 
forcements. The  object  of  the  armament,  however,  was 
gained  by  the  address  used  upon  the  occasion,  and  to  the 
entire  satisfaction  of  the  government  of  Bombay,  as  will  ap- 
pear by  the  following  official  document : 
i 

"  Political  Department,  Bombay  Castle,  Jan.  18,  1802. 

"  Sir. — I  am  directed  by  the  Governor  in  Council,  to  acknowledge  the 
receipt  of  your  letter  of  the  14th  inst.,  with  enclosures  ;  and  to  express  to 
you  his  entire  satisfaction  and  thanks  for  the  services  you  have  lately  ren- 
dered, in  conveying  British  reinforcements  to  the  Portuguese  settlements 
of  Demaun  and  Diu  ;  and  for  the  able  and  successful  manner  in  which  the 
object  of  this  expedition  has  been  accomplished."  *  *  * 

(Signed)        "  R.  RICHARDS,  Sec.  to  Govt>" 
"  To  Captain  John  Mackellar." 

On  the  27th  March  following,  information  was  received  at 
Bombay,  that  the  Governor  (Hon.  Jonathan  Duncan),  who 
had  gone  to  arrange  a  dispute  with  some  of  the  native  powers 
in  theGuzzeret  country,  was  unexpectedly  attacked,  and  having 
lost  many  of  the  troops  who  formed  his  escort,  compelled  to 
entrench  himself  at  Surat.  This  being  "  a  case  of  the  greatest 
emergency,  and  of  particular  importance  to  the  reputation  of 
the  British  name  in  India,"  the  Political  Department  re- 
quested Captain  Mackellar,  the  then  senior  officer  at  Bombay, 
to  proceed  to  Goa,  at  that  time  blockaded  by  Sir  William 
Clarke,  and  convey  the  troops  under  that  officer's  orders  from 


220  POST- CAPTAINS    OF    1799. 

thence  to  Surat.  Captain  Mackellar  instantly  sailed  in  the 
Terpsichore,  accompanied  by  the  Trident  64,  Betsy  armed 
brig,  and  two  Indiamen,  joined  Captain  Hargood  at  Goa  ;  and 
such  was  the  alacrity  of  all  parties  on  this  occasion,  that  in 
seven  days  from  his  leaving  Bombay,  3000  troops  were  landed 
at  Surat,  the  natives  defeated,  and  Governor  Duncan  again  in 
possession  of  the  country.  For  his  exertions  in  thus  pro- 
moting the  public  service,  Captain  Mackellar  was  again  hon- 
ored with  the  thanks  of  the  Bombay  Government.  We 
subsequently  find  him  employed  in  the  blockade  of  Goa. 

In  May  1804,  the  subject  of  this  memoir  was,  after  a  short 
period  of  inactivity,  appointed  Agent  for  Transports  and  Pri- 
soners of  War,  and  Governor  of  the  Naval  Hospital  at  Halifax, 
where  he  continued  about  six  years.  Soon  after  his  return, 
seeing  no  prospect  of  immediate  employment  afloat,  he  soli- 
cited permission  to  join  the  Spanish  navy,  and  having  procured 
strong  letters  of  recommendation  from  Admiral  Apodaca  (the 
Ambassador  at  the  Court  of  St.  James's)  to  the  Cortes  at 
Cadiz,  he  proceeded  thither  in  the  Prevoyante  store-ship ;  but 
on  his  arrival  found  the  Spanish  marine  in  so  cramped  and 
inefficient  a  state,  as  to  preclude  all  hope  of  obtaining  a  com- 
mand suitable  to  his  rank.  He  therefore  relinquished  the  idea, 
and  proceeded  to  his  native  island,  at  that  time  the  rendez- 
vous of  the  British  fleet,  from  whence  he  returned  to  England 
in  1812. 

On  the  2d  Aug.  1815,  our  officer  was  nominated  Flag- 
Captain  to  Rear-Admiral  J.  £.  Douglas,  with  whom  he  pro- 
ceeded to  Jamaica  in  the  Salisbury  of  58  guns ;  from  which 
ship  he  exchanged  into  the  Pique  frigate,  Mar.  17,  1817- 
Previous  to  his  departure  from  the  station,  he  had  the  gra- 
tification of  receiving  the  following  address  from  the  prin- 
cipal merchants  of  Kingston : 

"  Kingston,  Sept.  21,  1818. 

"  Sir. — We  the  undersigned  merchants  of  this  city,  cannot  suffer  you  to 
leave  the  station  without  conveying  to  you  the  high  sense  we  entertain  of 
your  conduct. 

"  Your  kind  solicitude  evinced  on  every  occasion  for  the  welfare  of  the 
trade  of  this  island,  and  your  great  attention  to  the  safety  of  the  convoys 
with  which  you  have  been  entrusted,  deserve  the  thanks  of  this  community 
at  large ;  but  those  who  have  known  and  felt  the  good  effects  of  your 
exertions,  are  bound  more  particularly  to  address  you  on  this  occasion. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1799.  221 

"  We  hope  your  services  will  be  duly  appreciated  on  your  return  to  the 
mother  country ;  and  with  a  tender  of  our  sincere  wishes  for  your  health 
and  prosperity,  we  remain,  with  the  highest  respect,  &c.  &c.  &c." 

Signed  by  GEORGE  KINGHORN,  Mayor,  and  the 
principals  of  forty-nine  commercial  firms. 

The  Pique,  on  her  passage  home,  encountered  a  dreadful 
hurricane,  and  nearly  foundered  :  she  was  paid  off  at  Dept- 
ford,  in  Dec.  1818;  since  which  Captain  Mackellar  has  twice 
visited  the  continent.  He  is  married,  and  has  three  daughters. 
His  only  brother,  Colonel  Neil  Mackellar,  C.  B.  was  Aid-de- 
Camp  to  Sir  Adam  Williamson,  in  all  the  battles  at  St.  Do- 
mingo ;  served  at  the  reduction  of  the  Danish  islands,  by  Sir 
John  T.  Duckworth ;  and  commanded  a  brigade  during  the 
late  war  in  India,  where  he  at  present  commands  the  2d  bat- 
talion of  the  Royal  Scots,  in  which  corps  he  has  served  ever 
since  the  commencement  of  his  military  career  in  1788. 

Agent.- Me.  Inerheny,  Esq. 


JAMES  OUGHTON,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant,  Sept.  30,  1783 ;  served 
as  such  on  board  the  Queen  of  98  guns,  bearing  the  flag  of 
Rear- Admiral  Gardner,  in  the  memorable  battle  of  June  1, 
1794;  and  was  appointed  to  the  command  of  the  Hector 
bomb,  early  in  1798.  This  vessel  formed  part  of  Sir  Home 
Popham's  squadron  at  Ostend,  in  the  spring  of  the  same  year. 
He  afterwards  commanded  the  Sphynx,  Isis,  Windsor  Castle, 
and  Leander,  the  three  latter  bearing  the  flag  of  the  late  Sir 
Andrew  Mitchell,  with  whom  he  served  at  the  capture  of  the 
Helder,  in  Aug.  1799,  off  Brest,  and  on  the  Halifax  station. 
His  post  commission  bears  date  May  15,  1799. 

Agent. — Me.  Inerheny,  Esq. 


'  ,7  .T 


GEORGE  BARKER,  ESQ. 


THIS  officer  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  Lieutenant,  Mar. 
15,  1782 ;  commanded  the  Incendiary  fire-vessel,  and  as- 
sisted at  the  destruction  of  a  French  store-ship  off  Ushant, 


222  POST-CAFFAINS    OF    1J99. 

Jan.  8,  17^7,  and  obtained  post  rank  June  8,  1799-  During 
the  late  war  he  was  employed  as  Regulating  Captain  at 
Bristol. 

Agent. —  Thomas  Stilwell,  Esq. 


CHARLES  ADAM,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  a  Midshipman  of  the  Monarch  74,  and 
commanded  a  gun-boat  at  the  capture  of  the  Cape  of  Good 
Hope,  in  1795  *.  His  good  conduct  on  that  occasion  was 
particularly  mentioned  in  Sir  George  Keith  Elphin  stone's 
public  letter  to  the  Admiralty.  In  the  following  year  we  find 
him  commanding  the  Swift  sloop  of  war,  and  subsequently 
the  Albatross,  on  the  East  India  station,  where  he  obtained 
the  rank  of  Post-Captain  in  la  Sybille,  of  48  guns  and  300 
men,  June  12,  1799. 

On  the  23d  Aug.  1800,  la  Sybille  assisted  at  the  capture  of 
five  Dutch  armed  vessels,  and  the  destruction  of  twenty-two 
merchantmen,  in  Batavia  Roads  f.  Five  days  afterwards  her 
boats  captured  a  brig  of  6  guns  and  16  men,  from  Samarang, 
laden  with  rice.  In  October  following  she  took  no  less  than 
twenty-four  Dutch  proas,  four  of  which  mounted  6  guns  each, 
laden  with  coffee,  sugar,  and  rice,  and  five  others  in  ballast. 

On  the  19th  Aug.  1801,  Captain  Adam  being  off  the  Sey- 
chelles, observed  signals  flying  on  St.  Anne's ;  upon  which  he 
hoisted  French  colours,  stood  round  the  island,  and  discovered 
an  enemy's  frigate,  with  her  foremast  out,  and  some  smaller 
vessels,  lying  in  Mahe  Road,  the  passage  to  which  was  ex- 
tremely intricate,  being  formed  by  many  dangerous  shoals. 
The  necessary  preparations  having  been  made,  and  a  man 
placed  at  the  mast  head  to  look  out  for  shoal  water,  la  Sy- 
bille stood  in  to  attack  the  enemy,  who  at  10  A.  M.  fired  a 
shot,  and  shewed  her  colours  :  in  fifteen  minutes  after  la  Sy- 
bille, nowunder  English  colours,  came  to  an  anchor,  with  a 
spring  on  her  cable,  and  at  10h  257  commenced  a  smart  fire, 
which  was  instantly  returned  by  the  French  frigate,  assisted 
by  a  well-constructed  battery,  erected  in  a  raking  position  on 
the  neighbouring  shore,  from  whence  hot  shot  were  frequently 

*  See  Vol.  I.  p.  47.  et  seq.  f  See  Vol.  I.  p.  771- 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    l~99.  223 

fired.  The  cannonade  was  kept  up  with  great  spirit  for  nearly 
twenty  minutes,  when  the  enemy  struck  her  colours,  cut,  and 
drifted  on  a  reef.  While  an  officer  and  party  went  to  take 
possession,  la  Sybille  brought  her  broadside  to  bear  on  the 
battery,  the  fire  from  which  soon  ceased. 

The  prize  proved  to  be  la  Chiffonne,  of  42  guns,  four  of 
which,  from  her  unengaged  side,  were  mounted  in  the  battery 
on  shore,  and  a  complement  of  250  men,  23  of  whom  were 
killed,  30  wounded,  and  about  100,  including  those  stationed 
at  the  battery,  effected  their  escape.  La  Chiffonne  had  sailed 
from  Nantz  on  the  14th  April  preceding,  for  the  purpose  of 
landing  32  persons  on  the  Seychelles,  who  had  been  suspected 
of  conspiring  against  the  life  of  Napoleon  Buonaparte,  at  that 
time  First  Consul  of  the  French  republic.  She  was  quite  a 
new  frigate.  Her  fore-mast  had  been  taken  out  and  landed, 
in  order  to  have  the  cheeks,  a  fish,  and  some  hoops  replaced. 
La  Sybille  had  only  2  men  killed,  and  a  Midshipman  slightly 
wounded  *. 

Although  la  Chiffonne  would  certainly  have  been  no  match 
for  la  Sybille  in  an  action  at  sea,  the  dangerous  circumstances 
under  which  she  had  been  approached  and  attacked,  entitle 
Captain  Adam,  his  officers,  and  crew,  to  a  considerable  de- 
gree of  credit.  The  enemy  was,  it  is  true,  inferior  to  the 
British  frigate  in  point  of  guns  and  men  \  but  she  had  such 
advantages  of  position,  as  more  than  counterbalanced  the 
deficiency.  * 

On  his  arrival  at  Madras,  in  company  with  la  Chiffonne, 
Captain  Adam  was  presented  by  the  Insurance  Company  of 
that  place  with  an  elegant  sword,  value  200  guineas.  He  re- 
turned to  England  in  la, Sybille,  April  20,  1803,  and  at  the 
renewal  of  the  war  was  appointed  to  the  command  of  his 
prize,  which  had  been  added  to  the  British  navy  as  a  36-gun 
frigate.  He  subsequently  served  in  the  North  Sea. 

*  Captain  Adam  at  the  same  time  took  possession  of  a  schooner  and  a 
grab  ketch,  under  French  colours  ;  the  former  he  gave  over  to  Lieutenant 
Campbell,  late  of  the  Spitfire  schooner,  who  had  been  wrecked  on  the 
Slierhome  Duboplam,  an  African  island  hitherto  unknown  to  the  English, 
and  recently  discovered  by  the  inhabitants  of  the  Seydhelle  islands.  Lieu- 
tenant Campbell  having  charge  of  despatches  from  Bombay,  bound  to  the 
Red  Sea,  was  thus  enabled  to  proceed  on  his  voyage. 


224  POST-CAPfAINS   OF    1799. 

On  the  10th  June,  1805 *at  7  A.  M.  a  division  of  the  French 
flotilla,  consisting  of  two  corvettes  and  fifteen  gun- vessels,  car- 
rying in  the  whole  51  guns,  4  eight-inch  mortars,  and  3  field- 
pieces,  accompanied  by  fourteen  transports,  sailed  from  Havre, 
bound  to  Fecamp;  and  when  about  mid-way  between  those 
places,  were  chased  by  Captain  Adam,  who  was  cruising  off  the 
coast  with  the  Falcon  sloop  of  war,  Clinker  gun-brig,  and 
Frances  armed  cutter,  under  his  orders.  At  about  9h  30'  la  Chif- 
fonne,  then  in  10  fathoms  water,  considerably  a-head  of  her 
companions,  and  close  in  with  the  flotilla,  opened  her  fire  upon 
the  enemy's  van ;  bm  in  a  quarter  of  an  hour,  shoaling  her 
water,  was  compelled  to  haul  farther  off.     At  about  10h  30', 
by  which  time  the  Falcon  and  Clinker  had  closed,  she  recom- 
menced firing ;  and  shortly  afterwards  one   of  the  French 
vessels  was  observed  in  flames,  which  were,  however,  soon 
extinguished ;  at  the  same  time  some  of  the  other  vessels  ran 
on  shore.     Towards  noon  la  Chiffonne  again  hauled  out  into 
deeper  water.     Two  hours  afterwards  the  attack  was  renewed, 
and  at  3h  15;  P.  M.  one  of  the  enemy's  brigs  had  her  fore-top- 
mast and  main-mast  shot  away.    As  the  British  passed  along 
the  coast,  the  forts  kept  up  an  incessant  fire  of  shot  and  shells, 
and  continued  to   do  so  until  the  flotilla,  &c.  had  completely 
sheltered  themselves  under  the  batteries  at  Fecamp.    The 
engagement  did  not  cease  till  past  four  o'clock ;  by  which  time 
la  Chiffonne  had  been  much  cut  up  in  her  rigging,  received  a 
shot  between  wind  and  water,  besides  several  higher  up,  and 
sustained  a  loss  of  2  men  killed,  and  3  wounded.  The  Falcon 
suffered  in  rigging  and  sails,  and  had  4  men  wounded ;  the 
Clinker,  1  killed  and  1  wounded.     The  French  admit  a  loss 
of  3  killed  and  12  wounded,  including  the  commander  of  a 
gun-brig. 

Towards  the  latter  end  of  the  same  year  we  find  Captain 
Adam  commanding  the  Resistance,  a  fine  new  frigate,  in 
which  he  captured  1'Aigle,  a  French  privateer  of  14  guns  and 
66  men,  near  the  Owers,  Dec.  27, 1807.  On  the  8th  Mar.  1807, 
his  boats  destroyed  an  armed  schooner,  and  a  chasse  maree, 
in  the  port  of  Archove,  near  Cape  Machicaco.  This  service 
was  performed  under  the  directions  of  Lieutenant  Corbyn, 
who  had  previously  carried  a  battery  which  commanded  the 
harbour. 


POST- CAPTAINS    OF    1799.  225 

Captain  Adam's  next  appointment  was  to  the  Invincible 
74,  on  the  Mediterranean  station.  In  that  ship  he  was  em- 
ployed on  the  coast  of  Catalonia,  co-operating  with  the  Spa- 
nish patriots,  to  whose  cause  he  rendered  great  service  by  his 
activity  and  exertions. 

The  Invincible  formed  part  of  a  squadron  under  Captain 
(now  Sir  Edward)  Codrington,  assisting  in  the  defence  of 
Tarragona,  during  the  siege  of  that  ill-fated  city,  by  Marshal 
Suchet's  army,  in  1811.  The  following  is  an  extract  from 
the  public  letter  of  that  excellent  officer,  to  Admiral  Sir 
Charles  Cotton,  Bart.,  dated  June  29 :  ^ 

"  I  cannot  conclude  my  history  of  our  operations  at  Tar- 
ragona without  assuring  you,  that  the  zeal  and  exertion  of 
those  under  my  command,  in  every  branch  of  the  various  ser- 
vices which  have  fallen  to  their  lot,  have  been  carried  far  be- 
yond the  mere  dictates  of  duty.  The  Invincible  and  Centaur 
have  remained  with  me  the  whole  time,  immediately  off  Tar- 
ragona; and  Captains  Adam,  White,  and  myself,  have 
passed  most  nights  in  our  gigs,  carrying  on  such  operations 
under  cover  of  the  dark,  as  could  not  have  been  successfully 
employed  in  sight  of  the  enemy  ;  I  do  not  mean  as  to  mere 
danger,  for  the  boats  have  been  assailed  with  shot  and  shells 
both  night  and  day,  even  during  the  time  of  their  taking  off 
the  women  and  children,  as  well  as  the  wounded,  without 
being  in  the  smallest  degree  diverted  from  their  purpose. 
It  is  impossible  to  detail  in  a  letter  all  that  has  passed  during 
this  short,  but  tragic  period.  But  humanity  has  given  in- 
creased excitement  to  our  exertions ;  and  the  bodily  powers 
of  Captain  Adam  have  enabled  him,  perhaps,  to  push  to  a 
greater  extent  that  desire  to  relieve  distress,  which  we  have 
all  partaken  in  common  *." 

*  The  French  army  under  Marshal  Suchet  inarched  upon  Tarragona 
about  the  end  of  April,  1811,  and  the  investment  of  that  city  was  completed 
to  the  sea,  on  the  4th  May.  Its  defence  became  more  obstinate  as  the 
siege  advanced  ;  for  being  open  by  sea,  it  was  able  to  receive  succours  of 
every  kind,  by  means  of  the  English  squadron  on  the  coast.  On  the  21st 
June,  the  enemy  made  a  furious  assault,  and  after  much  bloodshed  on  both 
sides,  obtained  possession  of  the  lower  town  and  its  dependencies,  by  which 
event  80  pieces  of  cannon  fell  into  their  hands.  Although  scarcely  any 
hopes  now  remained  of  an  effectual  resistance,  the  garrison  in  the  body  of 
the  place  still  held  out,  and  determined  to  await  a  final  assault.  This  took 

VOL.    II.  Q 


226  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1799. 

In  April  1813,  a  party  from  the  Invincible,  in  c6njunction 
with  some  Spanish  troops,  surprised  and  obtained  possession 

place  on  the  afternoon  of  the  28th  ;  when,  a  practicable  breach  being1  made, 
the  assailants  rushed  in,  and  almost  immediately  carried  the  town.  Suchet, 
who,  in  a  former  despatch,  had  expressed  his  apprehension  of  being 
obliged  "  to  set  a  terrible  example,  and  intimidate  for  ever  Catalonia 
and  Spain,  by  the  destruction  of  a  whole  city"  too  well  verified  his  me- 
nace. He  thus  relates  the  catastrophe  : 

"  The  fury  of  the  soldiers  was  increased  by  the  resistance  of  the  garrison, 
who  every  moment  expected  their  deliverance,  and  thought  to  secure  suo- 
cess  by  a  general  sortie.  The  fifth  assault,  still  more  vigorous  than  the 
preceding,  made  yesterday  in  broad  day  on  the  fortification,  has  occasioned 
a  horrible  massacre,  with  but  little  loss  on  our  side.  The  terrible  example 
I  foresaw  with  regret,  in  my  last  report  to  your  highness,  has  taken  place, 
and  will  for  a  long  time  be  recollected  in  Spain.  Four  thousand  men  have 
been  killed  in  the  city  ;  from  10  to  12,000  endeavoured  to  make  their 
escape  over  the  walls  into  the  country  ;  1000  have  been  sabred  or  drowned ; 
nearly  10,000,  of  whom  500  are  officers,  have  been  made  prisoners,  and 
are  setting  off  for  France  ;  nearly  1000  wounded  are  in  the  hospitals  of 
the  city,  where  their  lives  were  respected  in  the  midst  of  the  carnage. 
Three  Field- Marshals  and  the  Governor  are  among  the  prisoners  :  many 
others  among  the  slain! !" 

Further  particulars  of  this  day  of  horror  are  given  in  Captain  Codring- 
ton's  letter,  from  which  we  have  just  quoted.  He  described  the  panic 
that  prevailed  on  the  entrance  of  the  French,  in  the  following  words  : 

"  Those  already  without  the  walls  stripped,  and  endeavoured  to  swim  off 
to  the  shipping,  while  those  within  were  seen  sliding  down  the  face  of  the 
batteries ;  each  party  thus  equally  endangering  their  lives  more  than  they 
would  have  done  by  a  firm  resistance  to  the  enemy-  A  large  mass  of 
people,  some  with  muskets  and  some  without,  then  pressed  forward  along 
the  road,  suffering  themselves  to  be  fired  upon  by  about  20  French,  who 
continued  running  beside  them  at  only  a  few  yards  distance.  At  length 
they  were  stopped  entirely  by  a  volley  from  one  small  part  of  the  enemy, 
who  had  entrenched  themselves  at  a  turn  of  the  road,  supported  by  a  second 
a  little  higher  up,  who  opened  a  masked  battery  of  two  field-pieces.  A 
horrible  butchery  then  ensued ;  and  shortly  afterwards  the  remainder  of 
these  poor  wretches,  amounting  to  above  0,000,  tamely  submitted  to  be 
led  away  prisoners  by  less  than  as  many  hundred  French.  The  launches 
and  gun-boats  went  from  the  ships  the  instant  the  enemy  were  observed  by 
the  Invincible  (which  lay  to  the  westward)  to  be  collecting  in  their  trenches  ; 
and  yet,  so  rapid  was  their  success,  that  the  whole  was  over  before  we 
could  open  our  fire  with  effect.  All  the  boats  of  the  squadron  and  trans- 
ports, were  sent  to  assist  those  who  were  swimming,  or  concealed  under  the 
rocks ;  and,  notwithstanding  a  heavy  fire  of  musketry  and  field-pieces, 
which  was  warmly  and  successfully  returned  by  the  launches  and  gun- 
boats, from  5  to  600  were  then  brought  off  to  the  shipping,  many  of  them 


POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1J99.  227 

of  a  French  battery  at  Ampolla,  and  carried  the  town  of 
Perello  by  storm ;  by  which  means  two  of  the  enemy's  pri- 
vateers, employed  in  maintaining  a  correspondence  with  Tar- 
ragona, and  intercepting  the  trade  passing  the  mouth  of  the 
Ebro,  were  taken ;  and  the  communication  between  Tortosa 
and  the  Col  de  Balaguer  was  much  straightened  *. 

Early  in  June  following,  the  fort  of  the  Col  de  Balaguer, 
situated  in  a  most  difficult  pass,  through  which  the  high  road 
from  Tortosa  to  Tarragona  winds,  armed  with  12  pieces  of 
ordnance,  including  2  ten-inch  mortars,  and  2  howitzers, 
with  a  garrison  of  101  officers  and  men-,  was  taken  after  a 
siege  of  five  days,  by  a  naval  and  military  force  under  the 
command  of  Captain  Adam  and  Lieutenant-Colonel  Prevost, 
of  the  6/th  regiment  f.  On  the  following  morning,  those 

badly  wounded.  *  *  *  *  Our  own  ships,  as  well  as  the  transports, 
have  been  the  receptacles  of  the  miserable  objects  which  saw  no  shelter 
but  in  the  English  squadron ;  and  you  will  see  by  the  orders  which  I  have 
found  it  necessary  to  give,  that  we  have  been  called  upon  to  clothe  the 
naked,  and  feed  the  starving,  beyond  the  regular  rules  of  our  service." 

Captain  Codrington  further  stated,  "  that  General  Contreras,  the  Com- 
mandant of  the  garrison,  (to  whose  exposition  of  the  siege  we  have  already 
alluded  at  p.  873,  of  our  first  volume,)  was  reported  to  have  been  wounded 
and  taken  prisoner,  but  not  before  he  had  particularly  distinguished  him- 
self; that  the  Governor  of  Tarragona  (Gorizales)  with  a  handful  of  men, 
defended  himself  to  the  last,  and  was  bayoneted  to  death  in  the  square,  near 
his  own  house ;  that  man,  woman,  and  child,  were  put  to  the  sword  upon 
the  French  first  entering  the  town ;  and  afterwards,  all  those  found  in  uni- 
form, or  with  arms  in  their  houses  ;  and  that  the  females  of  all  ages  un- 
derwent the  most  brutal  violation  ;  after  which  many  of  them  were  said  to 
have  been  thrown  into  the  names,  together  with  the  badly  wounded  Spa- 
niards. A  thousand  men  were  left  by  the  ferocious  Sachet  to  destroy  the 
works,  and  the  whole  city  was  set  on  fire." 

Thus  fell  Tarragona ;  and  thus,  through  treachery,  or  if  we  may  be 
allowed  to  use  a  softer  term,  through  heinous  neglect  on  the  part  of  Spanish 
officers  holding  the  most  responsible  situations,  who  omitted  to  have  ammu- 
nition forwarded  in  sufikieut  quantity  to  the  troops  stationed  on  the  walls, 
the  French  were  afforded  an  opportunity  of  carrying  on  their  designs 
against  the  southern  provinces  of  Spain,  without  apprehension  of  any  con- 
siderable force  remaining  behind  to  check  their  movements.  "  Had  I 
been  assisted  by  the  army  on  shore"  says  General  Contreras,  "  asj  teas 
assisted  by  the  squadron  of  Commodore  Codrington,  Tarragona  certainly 
would  not  have  fallen" 

*  See  Commander  JOSEPH  CORBYN,  in  our  next;  volume, 
t  See  Captain  W.  F.  CARROLL,  C.  B. 
ft  2 


228  POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1799. 

officers,  accompanied  by  four  others,  and  the  same  number  of 
dragoons,  set  off  to  reconnoitre  in  the  direction  of  Tortosa. 
After  riding  about  sixteen  miles,  and  when  turning  the  corner 
of  a  road,  they  suddenly  fell  in  with  Suchet's  advance  guard 
of  cavalry,  who  immediately  charged  them,  and  took  one  of 
the  dragoons  prisoner.  Finding  they  had  got  into  a  scrape, 
Captain  Adam  and  his  companions  retreated  with  all  speed 
towards  the  Col  de  Balaguer,  and  fortunately  succeeded  in 
reaching  Fort  St.  Phillipe,  which  they  blew  up  a  few  days 
afterwards,  in  consequence  of  Sir  John  Murray  abandoning 
the  siege  of  Tarragona. 

Captain  Adam  at  present  commands  the  Royal  Sovereign 
yacht.  He  married,  Oct.  4,  1822,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  the 
late  Patrick  Brydone,  Esq. 

Agent. Muspratt,  Esq. 


JOHN  STILES,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant,  Sept.  12,  1781  ;  and 
served  as  such  in  the  boats  of  the  Windsor  Castle,  a  second 
rate,  at  the  destruction  of  the  French  ships  and  arsenal  at 
Toulon,  Oct.  18,  1793  *.  In  the  following  year,  we  find  him 
assisting  at  the  reduction  of  Bastia  f.  He  obtained  the  rank 
of  Commander  in  1797 ;  and  was  posted  from  the  Camelion 
sloop  of  war  into  the  Theseus  74,  on  the  Mediterranean  sta- 
tion, June  14,  1799. 

During  part  of  the  late  war,  Captain  Stiles  commanded  the 
Alcmene  frigate,  and  Adamant  of  50  guns.  In  the  latter  ship 
he  captured  the  Nostra  Senora  de  los  Dolores,  of  30  guns 
and  315  men,  May  6,  1806.  Previous  to  his  quitting  the 
Adamant,  he  received  a  piece  of  plate,  value  500  guineas,  as 
a  present  from  the  Hon.  East  India  Company,  for  his  care 
and  attention  to  two  of  their  fleets  which  had  been  put  under 
his  protection.  Mrs.  Stiles  died  March  31,  1816. 

Agents. — Messrs.  Maude. 


MICHAEL  HALLIDAY,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  born  in  Dec.  1765,  at  St.  Petersburg!* ; 
where  his  father,  a  native  of  Dumfriesshire,  N.  B.,  practised 

•  S«  Vol.  I.  p.  294,  et  seq.  t  See  id.  p.  251. 


POST- CAPTAINS   OF 

as  a  Physician,  and  an  inoculator  of  the  small  pox,  after  the 
introduction  of  that  system  into  the  Russian  empire,  by  Baron 
Dimsdale.  He  entered  the  British  naval  service  in  Feb. 
1 782,  as  a  Midshipman,  on  board  the  Africa  of  64  guns ;  which 
ship  formed  part  of  the  fleet  under  Sir  Edward  Hughes,  in 
his  last  battle  with  M.  de  Suffrein,  June  20,  1783  *  ;  on  which 
occasion  Mr.  Halliday  received  a  slight  wound  in  the  arm. 
The  total  loss  sustained  by  the  Africa,  was  5  killed  and  25 
wounded. 

Mr.  Halliday,  after  serving  for  a  short  time  in  a  merchant 
vessel,  completed  his  time  as  a  Midshipman  in  the  Crown 
64,  Fairy  sloop  of  war,  and  Sprightly  cutter.  He  then  ac- 
cepted a  Lieutenancy  on  board  the  Twelve  Apostles,  a  Rus- 
sian first  rate,  and  served  under  several  Admirals ;  one  of 
whom,  Povalishin,  was  killed  in  a  general  battle  with  the 
Swedes  f.  At  the  commencement  of  the  war  between  Eng- 
land and  the  French  republic,  he  embarked  as  a  Master's- 
mate  in  the  Nymphe  frigate,  commanded  by  the  present  Vis- 
count Exmouth  ;  his  promotion  to  the  rank  of  Lieutenant  in 
the  British  navy  took  place  about  Oct.  1793. 

Mr.  Halliday  was  first  Lieutenant  of  the  Inspector  sloop  of 
war,  during  the  West  India  campaign  in  1794 ;  and  subse- 
quently served  in  the  Stag  frigate,  St.  George,  a  second  rate, 
and  Phoebe  of  44  guns,  the  latter  commanded  by  Captain  (now 
Sir  Robert)  Barlow,  whom  he  gallantly  seconded  in  the  action 
with  la  Nereide,  a  French  frigate,  .which  surrendered  after  a 
running  fight  of  some  duration,  and  close  action  of  forty-five 
minutes  J. 

In  July  1798,  Lieutenant  Halliday  was  made  a  Commander, 
and  appointed  to  the  Woolwich  44,  armed  en  flute.  On  the 
29th  June  in  the  following  year,  he  obtained  post  rank  in  the 
Leander,  a  50-gun  ship,  which  had  been  re-captured  from  the 
French  at  Corfu,  and  restored  to  England  by  the  Russians  §. 
During  the  greater  part  of  the  late  war,  Captain  Halliday 
commanded  the  Sea  Fencibles  at  Penzance. 

*  See  Vol.  I,  note  at  p.  425.        f  See  id.  note  §,  at  p.  292,  et  teq. 
I  See  Vol.  II.  p.  45,  et  seq.  §  See  Vol.  I,  p.  397. 


POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1799. 

:    ^/J.^oiuo^JKu:  t<>r.f9i8v-4%«e>; 

WILLIAM  GRANGER,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  a  Lieutenant  of  the  Fortitude,  a  third 
rate,  at  the  reduction  of  Corsica,,  in  1794.  He  afterwards 
commanded  the  Hope  and  Rattlesnake  sloops  of  war,  and  Jupi- 
ter 50,  stationed  at  the  Cape  of  Good  Hope  ;  Hyaena,  a  20-gun 
ship,  during  the  expedition  to  the  Baltic,  in  1801  ;  Semiramis 
frigate,  and  Cffisar  of  80  guns.  His  post  commission  bears 
date  July  22,  1799. 

Agents. — Messrs.  Maude. 


JOHN  CHAMBERS  WHITE,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant  about  1790;  appointed 
to  the  command  of  the  Sylph  sloop  of  war  in  1795  ;  and  cap- 
tured the  Mercury,  a  Dutch  brig  of  16  guns,  off  the  Texel, 
May  12,  1796.  In  September  following,  he  took  the  Phoenix 
French  privateer  of  4  guns,  and  32  men. 

On  the  27th  July  1797,  the  Sylph  being  on  a  cruise  to  the 
southward  of  Ushant,  in  company  with  the  Pomone,  Artois, 
and  Anson  frigate,  and  the  Dolly  cutter,  discovered  fourteen 
sail  of  vessels,  escorted  by  la  Calliope  of  36  guns,  a  corvette, 
and  an  armed  brig,  standing  into  Hodierne  bay.  The  two 
latter  escaped  round  the  Penmarks  ;  but  the  frigate,  not  being 
able  to  follow  them,  cut  away  her  masts  and  ran  ashore. 
Captain  White,  with  great  promptitude  stood  in,  and  by  a 
well-directed  fire,  prevented  her  crew  from  using  any  means 
to  save  the  ship  or  stores.  The  next  day  she  went  to  pieces. 
Eight  of  the  vessels  under  her  convoy,  laden  with  naval  stores, 
provisions,  and  clothing,  were  captured  ;  and  two  others  des- 
troyed. In  this  affair  the  Sylph  had  6  men  wounded. 

On  the  1 1th  Aug.  following,  Captain  White  joined  in  an 
attack  made  upon  a  French  convoy  at  the  entrance  of  the 
Sable  d'Olonne,  on  which  occasion  2  of  his  crew  were  killed, 
and  4  others  wounded.  A  few  days  afterwards,  he  assisted 
at  the  capture  of  five  coasting  vessels,  and  destruction  of  le 
Petit  Diable,  a  French  cutter  of  18  guns  and  100  men  *. 

In  Feb.  1798,  the  Sylph  formed  part  of  a  squadron  under 

»  See  Vol.  I.  p.  403. 


POST- CAPTAINS   OF    1J99.  231 

the  orders  of  the  Hon.  Captain  Stopford,  when  that  officer 
captured  la  Legere  a  French  ship  privateer  of  18  guns  and  130 
men.  She  subsequently  intercepted  the  Eliza,  an  American 
ship,  with  a  valuable  cargo,  from  Batavia,  via  Boston,  bound 
to  Amsterdam ;  la  Fouine,  a  French  national  lugger  of  # 
guns  ;  two  Spanish  letters  of  marque,  richly  laden ;  le  Debut, 
.a  French  brig  of  8  guns,  pierced  for  16,  bound  to  Cayenne 
with  merchandise ;  and  £1  Golondina,  a  Spanish  packet, 
pierced  for  20  guns,  but  with  only  4  mounted. 

Captain  White  was  promoted  to  post  rank,  Aug.  2,  1 799 ; 
and  in  Nov.  1800,  obtained  the  command  of  the  Renown,  a 
third  rate,  bearing  the  flag  of  Sir  John  Borlase  rWarren, 
then  on  the  point  of  sailing  for  the  Cadiz  station. 

Early  in  1801,  an  armament  under  Rear- Admiral  Gan- 
theaume  sailed  from  Brest,  during  the  temporary  absence  of 
our  fleet,  and  after  capturing  the  Success  frigate,  Incendiary 
fire-vessel,  and  Sprightly  cutter,  arrived  in  safety  at  Toulon, 
on  the  19th  Feb.  Sir  John  Warren,  on  receiving  information 
that  the  enemy  had  been  seen  in  the  Straits  of  Gibraltar,  lost 
no  time  in  proceeding  up  the  Mediterranean,  with  the  inten- 
tion of  following  them,  should  they  make  a  push  for  their 
supposed  destination,  the  coast  of  Egypt.  Having  refitted 
his  squadron  at  Minorca,  he  sailed  from  that  island  on  the 
24th  Feb. ;  but  during  the  ensuing  night,  experienced  a 
heavy  gale  of  wind,  with  much  thunder  and  lightning,  which 
killed  3  men  and  wounded  2  others^  on  board  the  Renown, 
and  did  much  damage  to  the  other  ships,  thereby  obliging 
him  to  put  back. 

On  the  4th  March,  the  squadron  being  again  fit  for  service, 
'Sir  John  Warren  quitted  Port  Mahon  and  steered  for  Palermo, 
from  whence  he  went  to  the  Bay  of  Naples.  On  the  25th  of 
the  same  month,  being  then  on  his  way  to  reconnoitre  Tou- 
lon, he  was  joined  by  the  Salamine  brig,  whose  commander 
informed  him  Rear- Admiral  Gantheaume  had  left  that  port 
with  seven  sail  of  the  line  and  three  frigates,  six  days  before. 
Sir  John  immediately  altered  his  course  to  the  eastward,  and 
at  day-break  on  the  26th,  fell  in  with  the  enemy  between 
Sardinia  and  Maritime.  All  sail  was  instantly  made  in  chase, 
and  towards  the  evening  the  British  appeared  to  be  gaining 
upon  them  j  but  unfortunately  the  night  proved  very  foggy, 


232  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1799. 

of  which  the  French  Admiral  is  supposed  to  have  availed 
himself,  by  hauling  to  the  northward,  as  they  were  not  to 
be  seen  the  next  morning  *. 

It  being  reported  that  the  enemy's  squadron  had  embarked 
upwards  of  4000  troops  at  Toulon,  Sir  John  Warren  lost  no 
time  in  proceeding  towards  Alexandria,  hoping  to  prevent 
such  a  reinforcement  from  joining  the  French  army  in  Egypt. 
On  his  forming  a  junction  with  Lord  Keith  on  the  20th  April, 
he  received  the  melancholy  tidings  of  the  death  of  his  only 
son,  an  officer  in  the  guards,  who  had  recently  been  killed  in 
battle. 

From  Alexandria,  Sir  John  was  sent  with  a  squadron  to 
Coron  bay,  in  the  Morea,  where  he  procured  supplies  of  fresh 
meat,  wine,  and  vegetables,  of  which  the  ships  were  much  in 
want,  their  crews  being  sickly,  and  symptoms  of  scurvy  ap- 
pearing amongst  them,  in  consequence  of  their  having  been 
nearly  six  months  upon  salt  provisions  and  bad  water.  He 
subsequently  touched  at  Corfu,  Malta,  and  Minorca  j  looked 
into  Toulon,  and  ultimately  proceeded  off  Porto  Ferrajo, 
which  place  had  long  been  besieged  by  a  French  army,  and 
gallantly  defended  by  the  Tuscan  troops  composing  its  gar- 
rison. It  is  almost  needless  for  us  to  observe,  that  his  en- 
deavours to  deliver  a  suffering,  brave,  and  faithful  people, 
from  the  state  of  privation  to  which  they  were  reduced,  had 
the  desired  effect ;  and,  that  owing  to  the  measures  adopted 
by  him,  Buonaparte,  who  then  presided  over  the  con- 
sular government  of  France,  was  baffled  in  his  designs  upon 
that  post,  until  his  attempts  were  totally  frustrated  by  the 
treaty  of  Amiens  f.  Sir  John  Warren's  private  affairs  now 
rendering  it  absolutely  necessary  for  him  to  return  home,  he 

•  Sir  John  B.  Warren's  squadron  consisted  of  the  Renown,  Dragon, 
Gibraltar,  Hector,  and  Alexander  74's  ;  Athenienne  64 ;  Haarlem,  a 
2-decker,  armed  en  flute  ;  and  Mercury  frigate.  The  French  squadron 
subsequently  captured  the  Swiftsure,  a  British  74.  See  Vol.  I,  p.  479. 

f  On  the  14th  Sept.  1801,  Captain  White  superintended  the  landing  and 
re-embarkation  of  689  seamen  and  marines,  sent  from  the  squadron  to  as- 
sist the  garrison  of  Porto  Ferrajo  in  a  sortie,  made  for  the  purpose  of  des- 
troying the  enemy's  batteries  ;  a  service  which  he  performed  in  a  very  cre- 
ditable manner,  under  a  heavy  fire  from  the  French,  and  for  which  Sir 
John  Warren  acknowledged  him  to  be  "  entitled  to  his  warmest  thanks." 


POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1799.  233 

shifted  his  flag  into  la  Minerve  frigate,  leaving  the  subject  of 
this  memoir  in  the  Renown,  as  a  private  ship,  at  Minorca. 

At  the  renewal  of  the  war  in  1803,  Captain  White  pro- 
ceeded with  the  squadron  under  Sir  Richard  Bickerton  from 
Malta,  to  blockade  Toulon,  where  he  continued  tilljuly  1804, 
when  the  Renown  was  ordered  to  relieve  the  Kent  74,  at 
Naples ;  in  which  latter  ship  he  returned  to  England  with 
1,060,000  dollars,  received  on  board  at  Cadiz.  We  next  find 
him  serving  as  Flag-Captain  to  Sir  John  B.  Warren  in  the 
Foudroyant  of  80  guns,  at  the  capture  of  the  French  Rear- 
Admiral  Linois,  March  13,  1806*. 

In  Nov.  1810,  Captain  White  took  the  Hibernia,  a  first 
rate,  fitted  for  the  flag  of  Sir  Samuel  Hood,  to  the  Mediter- 
ranean ;  and  on  his  arrival  at  Port  Mahon,  removed  into  the 
Centaur  74.  After  serving  for  some  time  with  the  in-shore 
squadron  off  Toulon,  he  was  sent  to  co-operate  in  the  defence 
of  Tarragona  ;  on  which  service  he  continued  under  the  orders 
of  Captain  (now  Sir  Edward)  Codrington,  till  the  fall  of  that 
unfortunate  city,  June  28,  1811  f.  In  April  1814,  Captain 
White  witnessed  the  destruction  of  a  French  74,  three  brigs 
of  war,  and  several  smaller  vessels,  in  the  neighbourhood  of 
Bourdeaux  J. 

Our  officer  married,  May  — ,  1816,  Charlotte  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  General  Sir  Hew  Dalrymple,  Bart. 

Agents.     Messrs.  Cooke,  Halford,  and  Son. 


CHARLES  CAMPBELL,  E^Q. 

POST  commission  dated  Aug.  2,  1799. 
Agent. —      — : 


GEORGE  WHITE,  ESQ. 

POST  commission  dated  Aug.  30,  1799. 
Agent. —     

*  See  Vol.  I.  p.  435,  et  seq.  f  See  Vol.  II.  p.  225. 

\  See  Vol.  I.  p.57!>. 


234  POST- CAPTAINS  OF  1799. 

ADAM  MACKENZIE,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  present,  when  a  Midshipman,  in  most  of 
the  actions  fought  between  the  British  and  French  fleets, 
from  1778  till  the  peace  of  1783;  particularly  in  those  of 
Keppel,  Byron,  and  Rodney.  He  was  at  the  relief  of  Gibral- 
tar by  Earl  Howe;  obtained  his  first  commission  in  1790 ; 
and  served  as  senior  Lieutenant  of  the  Southampton  frigate, 
on  the  glorious  1st  June,  1794.  In  1797,  we  find  him  com- 
manding the  Pylades  sloop  of  war,  and  employed  by  the  Port- 
Admiral  at  Sheemess,  to  negociate  with  the  mutineers  at  the 
Nore,  and  to  assist  in  securing  the  dock-yard  from  any  at- 
tempt they  might  make  to  obtain  possession  thereof. 

From  this  period,  the  Pylades  was  stationed  principally  on 
the  coast  of  Holland,  where  Captain  Mackenzie  greatly  dis- 
tinguished himself  by  his  zeal  and  activity.  On  the  10th 
July,  1799,  he  directed  a  boat  attack  on  some  of  the  enemy's 
vessels  near  the  island  of  Ameiand,  brought  out  three  valua- 
ble merchantmen,  and  burnt  a  galliot,  laden  with  ordnance 
stores.  On  the  1 1th  of  the  following  month,  he  was  despatch- 
ed by  Captain  Frank  Sotheron  (now  a  Vice- Admiral),  under 
whose  orders  he  had  recently  been  placed,  with  the  Espiegle 
of  14  guns,  Captain  James  Boorder,  and  Courier  hired  cutter, 
Lieutenant  Thomas  Searle,  to  attack  the  Crash,  formerly  a 
British  gun-brig,  which  lay  moored  between  Schiermonikoog 
and  the  main  land  of  Groningen.  The  Courier,  working 
faster  to  windward  than  her  consorts,  was  sent  a-head  to 
engage  the  Crash  until  their  arrival ;  which  Lieutenant  Searle 
did  in  the  most  gallant  manner,  although  the  enemy's  force, 
when  compared  with  that  of  his  little  vessel,  was  as  five  to 
one  *.  The  wind  blowing  right  down  the  channel,  which 
was  so  narrow  that,the  Pylades  and  Espiegle  could  not  stand 
on  each  tack  more  than  twice  their  length ;  and  the  soundings 
in  many  places  not  exceeding  two  and  a  quarter  fathoms, 
delayed  their  approach  considerably;  they  however  per- 
severed, and  at  length  got  within  pistol-shot  of  the  enemy, 
who  was  consequently  compelled  to  surrender,  but  not  until 
he  had  made  a  most  gallant  and  determined  resistance.  The 

*  The  Crash  mounted  12  carronades,  32,  24,  and  18-poun;lers. 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1/99.  235 

Pylades  on  this  occasion  had  1  man  killed  and  3  wounded. 
Her  boats,  in  company  with  others  belonging  to  Captain 
Sotheron's  squadron,  had  in  the  interim  obliged  a  large  armed 
schooner  to  run  ashore  on  the  main  land,  in  order  to  avoid 
capture. 

The  Crash  being  of  a  light  draught  of  water  was  imme- 
diately manned,  and  the  command  of  her  given  to  Lieutenant 
James  Slade  of  the  Latona  frigate  ;  Lieutenant  Salusbury  P. 
Humphreys,  of  the  Juno,  was  at  the  same  time  appointed  to 
the  Undaunted,  a  schuyt  which  he  had  cut  out  from  under 
the  protection  of  the  schooner  on  the  main,  and  which  Captain 
Mackenzie  ordered  to  be  armed  with  two  12-pr.  carronades, 
for  the  purpose  of  acting  against  a  battery  of  6  guns  on 
Schiermonikoog,  and  the  Vengeance  schooner,  carrying  two 
long  24-pounders,  4  guns  of  smaller  calibre,  and  70  men, 
lying  with  a  large  row-boat,  and  several  merchant  vessels, 
near  that  island.  , 

On  the  13th  at  three  P.  M.,  the  Crash  and  Undaunted 
moved  on  to  the  attack,  accompanied  by  the  launches  of  the 
Latona  and  Pylades,  each  mounting  a  12-pr.  carronade,  and 
several  smaller  boats  armed  with  swivels  and  muskets,  the 
whole  under  the  orders  of  Lieutenant  Slade.  Unfortunately 
the  Crash  grounded  too  far  from  her  destined  station  to  afford 
efficient  aid  to  Lieutenant  Humphreys,  who  steered  his  vessel 
steadily  towards  the  schooner,  and  succeeded  in  getting  along- 
side of  her  just  after  she  had  been  deserted  by  her  crew.  The 
tide,  however,  was  so  rapid,  that  he  could  not  hold  on,  and 
the  roundness  of  both  vessels'  sides  prevented  him  jumping 
on  board.  He  therefore  seized  a  rope,  and  leaping  into  the 
sea,  attempted  to  reach  the  schooner  for  the  purpose  of  at- 
taching it  to  her ;  but  soon  found  he  had  no  chance  against 
the  tide,  and  was  consequently  obliged  to  be  hauled  back  to 
the  Undaunted.  Fortunate  for  him  was  this  failure  ;  for 
scarcely  had  he  obtained  footing  on  his  own  deck,  when  an 
explosion  took  place  on  board  the  Vengeance,  by  which  she 
was  blown  to  atoms  '*. 

~*  The  Dutchmen  are  supposed  to  have  left  a  slow  match  burning  near 
a  train  of  powder  leading  to  the  magazine,  when  they  fled  to  the  shore. 
Had  the  Undaunted's  crew  succeeded  in  boarding  the  schooner,  they 


236  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1799. 

The  remainder  of  this  small  flotilla  had  in  the  interim  suc- 
ceeded in  driving  the  enemy  from  their  battery  on  the  island, 
the  guns  of  which  were  soon  turned  upon  the  fugitives,  and 
afterwards  spiked  by  Lieutenant  Cowan  of  the  Pylades, 
whilst  the  rest  of  the  detachment,  assisted  by  the  brave  com- 
mander of  the  Undaunted  and  his  crew,  brought  off  two  brass 
field  pieces,  the  row-boat,  and  twelve  schuyts.  This  service 
was  performed  without  the  loss  of  a  man  on  our  side  ;  but  the 
Dutch  are  said  to  have  suffered  considerably. 

Captain  Mackenzie  subsequently  assisted  at  the  capture  of 
the  Dutch  fleet  under  Rear- Admiral  Storey  *  ;  and  obtained 
post  rank  Sept  2,  1799.  From  this  period  he  remained  on 
half-pay  till  Oct.  1801,  when  he  received  an  appointment  to 
the  Brilliant  of  28  guns  ;  in  which  ship  he  continued  during 
the  peace  of  Amiens.  At  the  renewal  of  the  war  in  1803,  he 
joined  the  Magicienne  frigate  ;  and  during  the  ensuing  winter, 
was  employed  blockading  the  enemy's  coast.  We  next  find 
him  escorting  some  vessels,  having  on  board  ten  troops  of 
horse  and  1000  infantry,  to  the  West  Indies,  where  he  had 
several  skirmishes  with  the  enemy's  batteries,  and  destroyed 
many  vessels,  no  account  of  which  was  ever  published. 

The  Magicienne  formed  part  of  the  squadron  under  Sir 
John  T.  Duckworth,  in  the  action  off  St.  Domingo,  Feb.  6, 
1806  f  ;  and  was  subsequently  ordered  to  convoy  the  trade 
from  Jamaica  to  England.  After  passing  through  the  Gulf  of 
Florida,  Captain  Mackenzie  encountered  a  tremendous  hur- 
ricane, which  proved  fatal  to  twenty  of  the  finest  vessels  under 
his  charge,  and  obliged  him  to  steer  direct  for  Bermuda,  to 
repair  the  damages  done  to  his  own  ship. 

In  the  following  year,  Captain  Mackenzie  commanded  the 
Prince  of  Wales,  a  second  rate,  bearing  the  flag  of  Admiral 
Gambier,  at  the  capture  of  the  Danish  navy.  On  his  return 
from  Copenhagen,  where  he  had  acted  as  Commissioner  of 
the  Arsenal  during  the  equipment  of  the  prizes  J,  he  was  ap- 

would  most  likely  have  shared  her  fate,  as  only  four  or  five  minutes 
elapsed  between  the  separation  of  the  vessels  and  the  explosion. 

*  See  Vol.  I.  note  at  p.  414,  et  seg.         t  See  Vol.  I.  note  at  p.  262. 

J  Admiral  Gambier  in  his  letter  to  the  Hon.  W.  W.  Pole,  dated  Oct.  20, 
1807,  says :  "  I  should  not  do  justice  to  the  diligent  attention  and  arduous 


POST-CAPTAINS  OP  1799. 

pointed  to  the  President  frigate,  and  soon  after  ordered  to 
Brazil;  from  whence  Sir  W.  Sidney  Smith  despatched  him 
to  negociate  with  the  Viceroy  of  Buenos  Ayres  (Linieres)  for 
the  opening  of  the  South  American  ports  to  English  com- 
merce. On  his  return  from  this  service,  he  joined  the  flag 
of  Rear- Admiral  de  Courcy,  by  whom  he  was  stationed  to 
attend  upon  and  afford  protection  to  the  royal  family  at  Rio 
Janeiro.  Previous  to  his  departure  from  thence,  he  received 
the  insignia  of  the  Portuguese  order  of  the  Tower  and  Sword. 
He  afterwards  commanded  the  Armada,  a  new  74,  in  the 
Channel  and  North  Sea  *. 

On  the  13th  May,  1820,  our  officer  was  appointed  to  the 
Creole  of  42  guns.  From  her  he  removed  about  Jan.  1821, 
into  the  Superb  78,  on  the  coast  of  South  America.  In  the 
latter  ship  he  rounded  Cape  Horn  during  the  shortest  days  of 
winter,  and  by  his  appearance  in  the  Pacific,  saved  British 
property  to  the  amount  of  several  millions  sterling.  He  was 
re-appointed  to  the  Superb,  stationed  as  a  guard-ship  at  Ply- 
mouth, June  27,  1822 ;  and  died  in  Nov.  1823. 


FRANCIS  VESEY,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant  in  1793  ;  commanded 
1'Amaranthe  of  14  guns,  at  the  Leeward  Islands  in  1797 ; 
and  captured  le  Vengeur,  a  French  schooner  letter  of  marque, 
mounting  six  4-pounders,  and  laden, with  flour,  near  Jamaica, 
April  13,  1799.  This  vessel,  notwithstanding  her  vast  infe- 
riority, maintained  a  close  action  with  1'Amaranthe  for  one 
hour  and  eight  minutes,  during  which  she  had  14  men  killed 
and  5  wounded  out  of  her  crew,  including  passengers,  only 
36  in  number.  The  English  brig  had  1  man  killed  and  3 
wounded. 

Captain  Vesey  obtained  post  rank  Sept.  16,  1799 ;  and 
during  the  remainder  of  the  war,  commanded  the  Volage,  on 

endeavours  of  Captain  Mackenzie  to  fulfil  the  civil  duties  of  the  arsenal, 
which  were  committed  to  his  management  and  superintendence,  if  I  did 
not  on  this  occasion  express  my  warm  approbation  of  his  exertions  $  and  I 
beg  leave  to  recommend  him  to  their  Lordships'  favorable  notice." 

*  Whilst  at  Brazil,  Captain  Mackenzie  was  removed  from  his  frigate 
to  the  Bedford  74  ;  but  he  came  home  in  the  President. 


238  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1799. 

the  Jamaica  station.     In  1804,  we  find  him  serving  iu  the 
Brilliant  of  28  guns  ;  and  previous  to  the  peace  of  1814, 
superintending  the  payment  of  ships  at  Portsmouth. 
Agent. — Harry  Cook,  Esq. 


HENRY  GARRETT,  ESQ. 

Commissioner  of  the  Victualling  at  Portsmouth. 
(Residetit  tit  the  Royal  Hospital,  Haslar.) 

IF  we  mistake  not,  this  officer  is  a  son  of"  the  late  Daniel 
Garrett,  of  Portsmouth,  co.  Hants,  Esq.  He  was  born  in 
1774  ;  entered  the  naval  service  in  1787;  and  served  his 
time  as  a  Midshipman  on  board  the  Hebe  frigate,  under  the 
command  of  the  present  Sir  Edward  Thornbrough,  and  the 
late  Captain  Alexander  Hood. 

In  June  1793,  Mr.  Garrett  was  made  a  Lieutenant,  and  ap- 
pointed to  the  Princess  Royal  of  98  guns,  bearing  the  flag  of 
Rear-Admiral  Goodall ;  during  the  occupation  of  Toulon  by 
the  allied  forces,  he  served  on  shore  with  a  party  of  seamen 
belonging  to  that  ship  *. 

Lieutenant  Garrett  obtained  the  command  of  the  Trial 
cutter,  armed  with  eight  long  3-pounders,  and  four  12-pr. 
carronades,  in  Dec.  1796 ;  captured  le  Courier  de  la  Mer,  a 
French  brig  privateer  of  12  guns,  near  Portland,  July  25, 
1797 ;  and  assisted  at  the  destruction  of  la  Confiante  frigate, 
and  a  republican  cutter,  off  Havre,  May  1,  1798  f-  Towards 
the  close  of  the  same  year,  he  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of 
Commander,  in  the  Alecto  fire-ship  j  and  in  April  1799,  ap- 
pointed to  the  Calypso  sloop  of  war.  His  post  commission 
bears  date  Sept.  16,  1799. 

Our  officer's  next  appointment  was,  early  in  1802,  to  the 
Texel  of  64  guns  j  which  ship  was  soon  after  paid  off  at  Chat- 
ham, in  consequence  of  the  peace  of  Amiens.  At  the  re- 
newal of  hostilities  in  1803,  we  find  him  commanding  the 
Southampton  district  of  Sea  Fencibles  ;  and  from  Sept.  1805, 
till  Aug.  1808,  the  Kent  74,  Ville  de  Paris,  and  Royal  So- 
vereign, first  rates.  During  the  remainder  of  the  war,  he 
superintended  the  Victualling  department  at  Deptford,  where 

•  See  Vol.  I.  p.  236.  f  See  Vol.  I.  p.  448. 


POST- CAPTAINS   OF    1799.  239 

he  continued  till  Feb.  1820,  at  which  period  he  received  his 
present  appointment. 

Mrs.  Garret  died  in  child-bed  Aug.  26,  1812.  The  Com- 
missioner's eldest  son,  a  promising  young  man,  was  acting  as 
a  Lieutenant  of  the  Curlew,  and  died  at  Bombay  in  Nov. 
1819.  His  sister  (also  deceased)  married  Captain  (now 
Admiral)  Purvis. 


WALTER  BATHURST,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant  in  1790;  and  con- 
firmed as  a  Post-Captain,  Oct.  24,  1799.  Previous  to  the 
latter  promotion,  he  had  taken  the  Ville  de  Paris,  a  first  rate, 
to  the  Mediterranean,  where  he  received  the  fiag  of  Earl  St. 
Vincent,  and  from,  whence  he  brought  her  home  as  a  private 
ship,  about  August  in  the  same  year.  The  Earl  re-hoisted  his 
flag  in  the  Ville  de  Paris,  as  commander-in-chief  of  the 
Channel  fleet,  April  25,  1800;  and  Captain  Bathurst  soon 
after  joined  the  Eurydice  of  24  guns  ;  in  which  ship,  being 
on  his  return  from  convoying  the  outward  bound  Quebec 
trade,  he  captured  le  Bougainville  French  privateer  of  14  guns 
and  67  men  ;  andaDanish  East  Indiaman,  about  April  1801. 
On  the  20th  Oct.  following,  he  sailed  for  the  East  Indies  with 
despatches  relative  to  the  peace  of  Amiens. 

Whilst  on  that  station,  Captain  Bathurst  removed  succes- 
sively into  the  Terpsichore  and  Pitt  frigates ;  the  former  of 
which  captured  a  Dutch  East  Indiaman  early  in  1805  ;  the 
latter  was  employed  blockading  Port  Louis,  and  took  several 
prizes  in  Jan.  1806.  On  the  20th  of  that  month  she  had  1 
man  killed  and  her  hull  much  damaged  by  the  fire  from  Fort 
Canonnier,  to  which  she  was  exposed  during  twenty  minutes, 
without  being  able  to  return  a  single  gun. 

The  Pitt  subsequently  resumed  her  original  name,  Salsette, 
and  was  employed  in  the  Baltic,  under  the  orders  of  Sir 
James  Saumarez.  On  the  23d  June  1808,  Captain  Bathurst 
captured  the  Russian  cutter  Apith  of  14  guns  and  61  men ; 
4  of  whom  were  killed,  and  8,  including  her  commander,  a 
Lieutenant  in  the  Imperial  navy,  wounded,  before  she  could 
be  induced  to  surrender.  The  Salsette,  on  this  occasion,  had 
a  marine  killed  by  the  cutter's  fire. 


240  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1799. 

In  July  1809,  Captain  Bathurst  conducted  a  division  of 
Earl  Chatham's  army  to  Walcheren.  Towards  the  latter  end 
of  1810,  he  removed  into  the  Fame  74;  in  which  ship  he  was 
actively  employed  on  the  Mediterranean  station  during  the 
remainder  of  the  war. 

Captain  Bathurst  married,  hi  1808,  Miss  Marianne  Wood, 
of  Manchester  Street,  Manchester  Square,  London. 

Agent. M'Inerheney,  Esq. 


ADAM  DRUMMOND,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  obtained  post  rank  Oct.  30,  1799.  During  the 
first  revolutionary  war,  he  commanded  the  Peterell  sloop  of 
war,  and  Bull  Dog  bomb.  The  former  vessel  was  employed 
under  Commodore  Nelson  in  1796  * ;  the  latter  assisted 
at  the  capture  of  the  San  Leon,  a  Spanish  brig  of  war,  on  the 
Lisbon  station,  Nov.  29,  1798  f  ;  and  the  bombardment  of 
Alexandria  in  1799.  We  subsequently  find  him  commanding 
the  Carysfort  of  28  guns,  Dryad  frigate,  and  Leviathan  74. 
The  Dryad  captured  le  Rennair,  a  French  privateer  of  14 
guns  and  96  men,  on  the  Irish  station,  March  22,  1808. 

Captain  Drummoad  married,  May  28,  1801,  Lady  Char- 
lotte Menzies,  eldest  daughter  of  the  Duke  of  Atholl,  and 
widow  of  Sir  John  Menzies,  Bart.,  by  whom  he  has  several 
children. 

Agents. — Messrs.  Brine,  Chords,  and  Co. 


ROBERT  HALL,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  served  the  greater  part  of  his  time  as  a  Mid- 
shipman under  the  late  Admiral  George  Murray  (brother  of 
John,  third  Duke  of  Atholl)  in  the  Levant  and  Cleopatra 
frigates,  and  was  promoted  from  the  latter  to  the  rank  of 
Lieutenant,  Feb.  23,  1782. 

From  this  period,  Mr.  Hall  was  almost  constantly  employed 
in  different  ships  and  under  various  commanders,  among 
whom  were  Commodore  Sir  John  Lindsay,  and  Captains 
Bom-master  and  Hartwell,  till  Feb.  1793,  when  he  joined  his 

*  See  Vol  L  pp.  519  and  520.  f  See  Vol.  H.  note  at  p.  191. 


POST-CAPTAIX3    OF    1799.  241 

early  friend,  Commodore  Murray,  in  the  Duke,  a  second  rate  ; 
which  ship  was  paid  off  on  her  return  from  the  West  Indies, 
at  the  latter  end  of  the  same  year. 

In  April  1/94,  after  fitting  out  the  Glory  of  98  guns,  he 
removed  into  the  Resolution  74,  bearing  the  flag  of  Rear- 
Admiral  Murray,  who  had  recently  been  promoted,  and  no- 
minated commander-in-chief  on  the  North  American  station. 
On  the  3d  July,  1795,  Lieutenant  Hall  was  appointed  by  bis 
patron  to  command  the  Lynx  sloop  of  war,  but  his  commis- 
sion does  not  appear  to  have  been  confirmed  by  the  Admiralty 
till  Jan.  1/96;  previous  to  which,  he  had  been  superseded  by 
another  officer,  on  whose  demise,  in  October  following,  he 
was  re-appointed  to  that  vessel. 

Among  the  captures  made  by  Captain  Hall  whilst  in  the 
Lynx,  we  find  la  Solide,  I'lsabelle,  and  le  Mentor,  French 
privateers,  the  latter  carrying  14  guns  and  79  men.  3340; 

The  capture  of  la  Solide  was  considered  by  the  merchants 
and  inhabitants  of  St.  John's  Newfoundland,  a  service  of 
great  importance  to  their  interests,  she  having  hoisted  the 
bloody  flag,  and  threatened  to  plunder  and  lay  waste  the 
neighbouring  defenceless  coast.  They  accordingly  sent  Cap- 
tain Hall  a  letter  of  thanks,  for  the  protection  he  had  thus 
afforded  to  the  colony  *. 

We  next  find  Captain  Hall  commanding  the  Assistance  of 
50  guns  ;  in  which  ship  he  conveyed  H.  R.  H.  the  late  Duke 
of  Kent,  from  Halifax  to  England,  aod  arrived  at  Plymouth 
Aug.  31,  1800.  During  the  remainder  of  the  war,  he  com- 
manded the  Waakzaamheid,  a  small  frigate,  on  the  North  Sea 
station.  His  post  commission  bears  date  Nov.  18, 1/99. 

In  Aug.  1803,  our  officer  was  appointed  pro  tempare,  to  the 
Revolutionnaire  frigate,  and  ordered  to  take  the  25th  regi- 
ment to  Cork.  He  subsequently  commanded  the  Malabar  of 
54  guns  ;  and  after  cruising  for  some  time  in  the  North  Sea, 
convoyed  a  fleet  of  merchantmen  to  the  West  Indies. 

On  the  2d  Jan.  1806,  Captain  Hall  being  off  Cuba,  in  com- 
pany with  the  Wolfe  sloop  of  war,  sent  the  boats  of  his  ship 
to  assist  that  vessel  in  bringing  out  from  Port  Azarades,  two 


*  La  Solide  was  taken  in  the  bay  of  Fundy,  where  she  had  been  harboured 
by  the  Americans. 

VOL.  II. 


242  POST-  CAPTAINS  OF  1/99. 

large  French  privateers,  which  service  was  performed  with 
the  loss  of  7  men  killed,  drowned,  and  wounded*. 

Captain  Hall  was  soon  after  obliged  to  invalid  at  Jamaica, 
through  ill-health.  His  next  appointment  was  in  Nov.  1808> 
to  the  Ruby  64;  from  which  ship  he  was  superseded  in  the 
Baltic,  about  July  following.  During  the  preceding  three 
months,  he  was  employed  protecting  different  convoys  through 
the  difficult  passage  of  the  Belt. 

On  his  return  to  England,  Captain  Hall  assumed  the  com- 
mand of  the  Puissant  at  Spithead.  From  her  he  removed  in 
April  1810,  to  the  Royal  William  flag-ship,  where  he  con- 
tinued until  the  expiration  of  Sir  Roger  Curtis's  command,  in 
the  spring  of  1812.  At  the  close  of  the  same  year,  he  was 
appointed  to  superintend  all  the  supplies  required  by  the 
Russian  fleet  in  the  river  Medway  ;  this  duty  he  performed  for 
the  space  of  ten  months  :  after  which  he  became  Flag-Captain 
to  Viee-Admiral  Domett,  cOmmander-in-chief  at  Plymouth, 
on  whose  retirement,  in  July  1815,  he  was  superseded  from 
the  Impregnable,  and  placed  ort  half-pay  f.  '  He  has  since 
commanded  the  ships  in  ordinary  at  Portsmouth,  during  the 
customary  period  of  three  years. 

t.—  Sir  F.  M.  Ommanney,  M.  P. 

4i  : 


to  TVU,  •-!.••••/•  -Jiii       :  —  Tr-Vtri"")  r."f 

,,,,  ROBERT  LLOYD,  ESQ.  .M!i 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant-  about  the  year  1790  ; 
and,  commanded  the  Racoon  sloop  of  war  on  the  North  Sea 
Station,  m  1,797-  On  the  llth  Jan.  1798,  he  captured,  after  a 
shorfymnning  figjit,  le  Policrate,  French  privateer  of  16,  guns, 
and  72  men  ;  th,e  Racoon  on  this  occasion  had  1  killed  -and  4 
wounded.  Eleven,  days  iafter,  Captain  Lloyd  also  intercepted 
la  Peruke  of  2  guns  and  32  men;  he,  had  some  time  previously 
taken  les  Amis,  of  similar  force.  On  the  20th  Oct.  following, 
he  destroyed  le  Vigilante,  of  14  guns  and  50  men. 

.Early  in  Juty  1799,  during  a  dark  and  foggy  night,  the 
Benjamin  and  Elizabeth,  West  Indiamanj  being  about  twelve 
miles  from  Dungeness,  was  suddenly  boarded  on  the  quarter 

,  *  See  Captain  GEORGE  CHARLES  MACKENZIE. 

f  Vice-Admiral  Domett  had  his  flag1  in  the  Salvador  del  Mundo,  previous 

to  its  being  hoisted  on  board  the  Impregnable. 
a  .  f    a 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1799. 

by  a  French  lugger.  Mr.  White,  the  master,  with  his  mate 
and  two  men,  defended  their  vessel  with  all  the  gallantry 
that  characterises  British  seamen,  and  had  actually  beaten 
the  enemy  from  their  deck,  when  they  were  boarded  on  the 
beam  by  a  second  lugger,  the  crew  of  which  behaved  in  a 
most  inhuman  manner  *.  Fortunately,  Captain  Lloyd,  who 
was  at  that  time  stretching  out  from  under  the  land,  heard  the 
firing,  and  re-captured  the  ship  a  few  minutes  after  the  lug- 
gers had  hauled  off.  In  a  short  time  he  also  got  sight  of  them, 
and  immediately  opened  his  broadside  upon  the  nearest.  On 
the  smoke  clearing  away,  not  a  vestige  of  her  was  to  be  seen, 
she  having  gone  to  the  bottom  with  all  on  board.  The  other, 
though  at  a  much  greater  distance,  was  still  plainly  to  be 
seen  ;  but  the  fog  increasing,  she  succeeded  in  effecting  her 
escape. 

On  the  2d  Dec.  in  the  same  year,  Captain  Lloyd  captured 
le  Vrai  Decide,  privateer,  of  14  guns  and  41  men.  The 
next  day,  after  a  running  fight  of  about  forty  minutes, 
he  succeeded  in  coming  up  with  a  lugger,  which  he  had  dis- 
covered in  the  act  of  boarding  an  English  merchant  brig;  and 
after  a  short  action,  compelled  her  to  surrender.  She  proved 
to  be  1'Intrepide  of  16  guns  and  60  men,  13  of  whom  were 
killed  and  wounded.  The  Racoon  had  her  commander  and  1 
seaman  wounded. 

Captain  Lloyd  was  promoted  to  post  rank  Dec.  6,  1799 ; 
and  in  1801,  commanded  the  Mars,  a* third  rate,  bearing  the 
flag  of  Rear-Admiral  Thornbrough,  in  the  Channel  fleet. 
During  the  late  war  with  the  United  States,  we  find  him  com- 
manding the  Plantagenet  74,  on  the  American  station,  where 
he  captured  a  great  number  of  coasting  vessels.  He  has  not 
been  employed  since  the  peace. 

Agent.— Harry  Cook,  .Esq. 


JOHN  CHESSHYRE,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant  July  24,  1781 ;  Com- 
mander in  1794 ;  and  Post-Captain  Dec.  26, 1799.    He  com- 

?  The  remainder  of  the  West  Indiaman's  crew  consisted  of  8  foreigners, 
who  did  not  feel  themselves  bound  to  fight,  and  consequently  kept  aloof. 

R  2 


244  POST-CAPTAINS  OP  1800 

raanded  the  Plover  sloop  of  war,   and  captured  TErin-go- 
Brah,  French  privateer,  of  10  guns  and  45  men,  in  the  North 
Sea,  Oct.  28,  1798.    During  part  of  the  late  war  we  find  him 
employed  in  the  Sea  Fencible  service. 
Agents. — Messrs.  Cooke,  Halford,  and  Son. 


SIR  THOMAS  LIVINGSTON,  BART. 

Keeper  of  Linlithgow  Palace. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant  in  1/90  ;  commanded 
the  Echo  sloop  of  war  at  the  Cape  of  Good  Hope  in  1/96  j 
and  the  Expedition,  a  44-gun  ship,  armed  en  flute,  employed 
conveying  part  of  the  Russian  contingent  from  Revel  to  Eng- 
land, in  1799.  His  post  commission  bears  date  Jan.  13, 
1800.  During  the  remainder  of  the  war,  we  find  him  in  the 
Diadem  and  Athenienne  64's ;  the  former  was  employed  as 
a  troop-ship,  and  attached  to  the  expedition  against  Quiberon 
and  Belleisle,  under  Sir  Edward  Pellew  * ;  the  latter  accom- 
panied Sir  John  Borlase  Warren  to  the  coast  of  Egypt,  in 
quest  of  a  French  squadron  under  M.  Gantheaume  f ;  and 
returned  to  England  Sept.  11,  1802. 

Sir  Thomas  Livingston's  next  appointment  was,  we  believe, 
to  the  Renommee  frigate ,  in  which  ship  he  captured  the 
Vigilante,  a  Spanish  brig  of  war,  mounting  18  guns,  with  a 
complement  of  109  men,  near  Cape  de  Gatt,  April  4,  1806. 
By  the  fire  from  this  vessel,  and  Fort  Callaretes,  under  the 
protection  of  which  she  had  anchored,  the  Renommee  had  2 
men  wounded.  The  Spaniards  sustained  a  loss  of  4  men 
killed  and  wounded. 

In  the  course  of  the  same  year,  the  boats  of  the  Renommee 
captured  a  Spanish  schooner  of  9  guns  and  38  men  J  ;  a 
tartan  of  4  guns ;  two  settees  laden  with  grain,  each  mounting 
3  guns,  and  another  of  2  guns. 

On  the  7th  Nov.  1807,  a  detachment  sent  by  Sir  Thomas 
from  his  own  ship,  and  the  Grasshopper  sloop  of  war,  carried 
two  of  the  enemies'  vessels,  lying  under  the  protection  of  the 

*  See  Vol.  I,  p.  219,  et  seq. 
t  See  Memoir  of  Captain  J.  C.  WHITE. 

J  A  party  from  the  Nautilus  sloop  of  war  assisted  on  this  occasion  j  see 
Memoir  of  Captain  SIR  WILLIAM  PARKER,  Bart. 


POST-CAPFAINS    OF    1800.  245 

Torre  de  Estacio,  on  the  coast  of  Murcia  j  but  unfortunately 
there  was  so  little  wind,  and  the  current  ran  so  strong,  that 
they  both  got  aground  ;  and,  notwithstanding  every  exertion 
was  used  for  the  purpose  of  getting  them  off,  it  was  found 
impossible.  Their  destruction  would  of  course  have  been 
easily  effected,  had  not  the  commanding  officer,  Mr.  Webster, 
an  acting  Lieutenant,  been  swayed  by  the  nobler  motive  of 
humanity  to  abandon  them,  on  finding  they  contained  many 
helpless  men,  women,  and  children.  Mr.  Thomas  Bastin, 
Purser  of  the  Grasshopper,  serving  as  a  volunteer  in  the  boats, 
and  the  coxswain  of  the  Renommee's  pinnace,  were  the  only 
persons  hurt  on  this  occasion;  they  were  both  very  badly 
wounded. 

Sir  Thomas  Livingston  at  present  commands  the  Genoa 
of  74  guns:  to  which  ship  he  was  appointed  Oct.  3,  1821. 
On  the  12th  Jan.  preceding,  the  Sheriff  Deputy  and  a  jury  of 
the  county  of  Edinburgh,  declared  him  nearest  and  lawful 
male  heir  in  general,  of  James,  first  Earl  of  Calender,  Lord 
Livingston,  of  Scotland.  His  lady  is  a  daughter  of  Sir  Gil- 
bert Stirling,  Bart. 

Agent. — Isaac  Clementson,  Esq. 


LUCIUS  HARDYMAN,  ESQ. 

A  Companion  of  the  most  Honourable  Military  Order  of  the  Bath. 
THIS  officer  is  a  son  of  the  late  .Captain  Hardyman,  of 
Portsmouth,  and  a  brother  of  Major-General  Hardyman,  who 
died  in  India  Nov.  28,  1821.  We  find  no  mention  of  him 
previous  to  March  1 ,  1799 ;  on  which  day  he  greatly  distin- 
guished himself  as  first  Lieutenant  of  the  Sybille  frigate,  in 
an  action  with  la  Forte  of  52  guns,  the  command  of  which 
ship  was  afterwards  conferred  upon  him  by  Vice-Adniiral 
Rainier  *.  His  post  commission  bears  date  Jan.  27,  1800. 

*  The  Sybille,  commanded  by  Captain  Edward  Cooke,  whilst  at  Madras, 
received  intelligence  that  la  Forte  was  cruising  in  the  bay  of  Bengal,  and 
capturing  with  impunity  every  vessel  that  cauie  in  her  way.  The  Sybille, 
though  of  much  inferior  force,  immediately  proceeded  in  search  of  the 
enemy ;  had  the  good  fortune  to  meet  her  in  Balasore  roads  about  mid- 
night on  the  28th  Feb. ;  soon  after  brought  her  to  close  action  ;  and  in  less 
than  two  hours  compelled  her  to  surrender. 

The  late  Captain  James  Kingston  Tuckey,  who  fell  a  victim  to  the 


246  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

La  Forte  was  wrecked  in  the  Red  Sea  about  June  1801; 
but  fortunately  her  crew  were  saved.  Captain  Hardyman 

climate  of  Africa,  whilst  employed  in  exploring  the  river  Congo,  in  Sept. 
1816,  was  a  volunteer  on  board  the  Sybille ;  and  in  a  letter  which  he  wrote 
on  the  occasion  of  la  Forte's  capture,  stated  the  force  of  the  combatants, 
and  their  respective  loss,  as  follows  :  British  44  guns,  and  3/0  men ; 
French  52  guns,  and  420  men.  The  Sybille  5  killed  and  17  wounded  ;  la 
Forte  81  killed  and  93  wounded.  Lieutenant  Hardyman,  who  succeeded 
to  the  command  in  consequence  of  his  gallant  commander  being  dangerously 
wounded,  says,  "  The  scene  which  presented  itself  on  la  Forte's  deck  was 
shocking  ;  the  number  she  had  killed  cannot  be  accurately  ascertained,  as 
many  had  been  thrown  overboard  during  the  action  ;  but  from  every  cal- 
culation I  have  been  able  to  make,  the  number  killed  must  be  from  150 
to  160  men,  and  70  wounded  ;  the  first  and  second  Captain,  the  first 
Lieutenant,  with  several  other  officers,  are  among  the  number  killed.  The 
Sybille  had  only  3  men  killed  and  19  wounded,  2  of  whom  afterwards 
died."  .,  bru;  V.UH 

The  Sybille's  complement  having  been  much  reduced  by  deaths,  and 
debilitated  by  severe  illness  contracted  at  Calcutta  in  the  preceding  year,  a 
company  of  the  Scotch  brigade  had  been  embarked  by  order  of  the  Gover- 
nor-General ;  a  party  of  men  belonging  to  the  Fox  frigate  also  joined  her 
as  volunteers  at  Madras,  and,  together  with  some  military  officers  passen- 
gers, probably  made  up  the  number  said  by  Captain  Tuckey  to  have  been 
in  the  action ;  but  it  should  be  remembered,  that  most  of  her  old  and  va- 
luable crew  were  in  a  weak  state  of  convalescence.  The  prisoners  landed 
at  Calcutta  were  340  in  number,  from  which  we  conclude  Captain  Tuckey 
did  not  assign  the  French  ship  a  weaker  crew  than  she  actually  had  on 
board  at  the  commencement  of  the  battle.  Schornberg,  whose  errors  are 
very  numerous,  gives  her  700  men.  The  Sybille  had  long  eighteens  on 
her  main-deck  ;  la  Forte  mounted  24-pounders.  Captain  Cooke  lingered 
under  the  painful  effects  of  his  wound  till  the  23d  May,  when  he  expired 
at  Calcutta,  beloved  and  respected  by  all  who  knew  him.  The  following 
garrison-orders  were  given  out  by  the  Deputy-Governor,  previous  to  the 
funeral,  in  which  is  a  just  panegyric  to  his  character: 

"  Captain  Cooke,  of  his  Majesty's  ship  the  Sybille,  after  a  painful  and 
lingering  illness,  in  the  course  of  which  the  ardent  hopes  of  the  settlement 
were  sanguinely  fixed  on  his  recovery,  having  expired  this  morning,  in  con- 
sequence of  the  wound  he  received  in  the  action  with  the  Freni-h  national 
frigate  la  Forte  ;  it  is  the  painful  duty  of  the  Deputy-Governor  to  order 
the  last  tribute  of  military  honors  to  be  paid  to  the  remains  of  that  gallant 
officer,  by  whose  premature  death  in  the  defence  of  the  interests  of  the 
British  nation  in  general,  aud  of  the  East  India  Company  in  particular,  our 
gracious  Sovereign  has  lost  a  zealous,  brave,  and  active  officer,  whose  in- 
trepid and  skilful  conduct  in  a  contest  with  a  vessel  of  far  superior  force, 
has  added  another  glorious  triumph  to  the  many  obtained  this  war  by  the 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800.  247 

subsequently  commanded  the  Unicorn  frigate,  on  the  West 
India  station,  and  at  the  reduction  of  Monte  Video,  by  Rear- 
Admiral  Stirling,  and  Brigadier-General  Auchmuty.  He 
also  assisted  at  the  destruction  of  a  French  squadron  in  Aix 
Roads,  April  11,  1809.  His  next  appointment  was  to  the 
Armicle  of  38  guns,  employed  cruising  off  the  French  coast. 

On  the  4th  May,  1801,  Captain  Hardyman  sent  .the  boats 
of  that  ship,  assisted  by  those  of  the  Cadmus,  Daring,  and 
Monkey,  to  attack  a  number  of  the  enemy's  armed  and  coast- 
ing vessels,  at  the  isle  of  Rhe  ;  thirteen  of  which  were  des- 
troyed under  a  heavy  fire  from  the  batteries,  and  four  others 
driven  on  shore  *, 

Captain  Hardyman  was  nominated  a  C.  B.  in  1815.  He 
married,  Dec.  29,  1810,  Charlotte,  youngest  daughter  of  the 
late  John  Travers,  Esq.,  of  Bedford  Place,  London* 

Agent.—  Sir  F.  M,  Ommanney,  M.  P»    .       . 
.eld  i>rjs  .litKti.  .....  _  - 


CHRISTOPHER  LAROGHE,  ESQ. 
POST  commission  dated  Jan.  29,  1800. 

Agent.-—  Thomas  Stilwell,  Esq. 
«_•  7-1 


JOSHUA  SYDNEY  HORTON,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  entered  the  naval  service  about  1781;  was  first 

valour  of  the  British  navy,  of  which,  had  Providence  spared  his  life,  he 
would  have,  become  one  of  the  brightest  ornaments.      :   ;ii  qe>  <t03  ifootu 

"  His  Majesty's  /6th  regiment  will  form  the  funeral  party,  and  attend 
the  remains  of  Captain  Cooke,  with  every  mark  of  solemnity  and.  respect 
that  is  in  their  power  to  shew,  from  the  house  of  Mr.  Mnir,  at  Chouringhee, 
to  the  place  of  interment,  at  six  o'clock  this  evening  ;  and  as  there  is  no 
officer  of  the  rank  of  Colonel  with  that  corps,  Colonel  Greene  is  directed 
to  parade  with  it  on  this  occasion. 

"  During  the  procession,  miuute  guns  are  to  be  fired  from  Fort  William, 
and  the  colours  to  be  hoisted  half  staff  high." 

Captain  Cooke  was  the  officer  who  undertook  the  hazardous  negociatiou 
between  Lord  Hood  and  the  Magistrates  of  Toulon,  previous  to  the  allied 
(brces  taking  possession  of  that  place  in  1793.  An  account  of  his  pro- 
ceedings in  the  neighbourhood  of  Manilla  one  year  previous  to  his  death, 
will  be  found  in  our  first  volume,  at  p.  584,  et  seq.  A  monument  to  his 
memory  was  subsequently  erected  at  Calcutta,  by  order  of  the  Honorable 
Court  of  Directors. 

*  See  Captain  SAMUEL  ROBERTS. 


248  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

Lieutenant  of  the  Lowestoffe  frigate,  at  the  capture  of  la 
Minerve,  June  24,  1795  *  ;  and  subsequently  command- 
ed the  Fairy  of  18  guns,  in  which  vessel  he  sunk  a  French 
lugger  off  Boulogne,  Oct.  5,  1797 ;  and  captured  a  Span- 
ish privateer  of  8  guns  and  55  men,  in  the  Channel,  Jan.  11, 
1799. 

On  the  4th  February  1800,  the  Seaflower,  a  small  brig  of 
war,  commanded  by  a  Lieutenant,  was  chased  into  St.  Au- 
byn's  bay,  Jersey,  by  la  Pallas,  a  French  frigate  of  46  guns 
and  380  men.  Captain  Horton  was  then  dining  with  Captain 
d'Auvergne,  Prince  of  Bouillon,  the  senior  officer  on  that 
station ;  and,  with  Captain  Henry  Bazely,  of  the  Harpy,  a 
brig  mounting  sixteen  32-pr.  carronades  and  two  long  sixes, 
immediately  volunteered  to  go  out  and  fight  the  enemy.  Their 
handsome  offer  being  accepted  by  the  Prince,  those  officers 
weighed  at  6  A.  M.  on  the  following  day,  and  before 
noon  discovered  the  object  of  their  pursuit  near  St.  Maloes, 
but  so  close  in  shore  as  to  preclude  the  possibility  of  bringing 
her  to  action  without  having  recourse  to  stratagem.  They 
therefore  tacked  for  the  purpose  of  decoying  her  out  from 
under  the  land ;  a  mano3uvre  which  had  the  desired  effect, 
as  the  enemy  soon  after  made  sail  in  chase  of  them.  At  one 
P.  M.,  la  Pallas  having  arrived  within  pistol-shot  of  the 
British  sloops,  a  warm  action  commenced,  and  continued 
till  a  quarter  before  three,  when  she  hauled  off  and  made  all 
sail  from  them.  The  Fairy  and  Harpy  were  by  this  time 
much  cut  up  in  their  rigging,  which  was  no  sooner  repaired 
than  they  crowded  sail  after  her.  At  four  o'clock,  a  British 
squadron,  consisting  of  the  Loire  frigate,  Danae,  a  20-gun 
ship,  and  Railleur  sloop  of  war,  hove  in  sight  from  the 
Fairy's  mast  head ;  about  11"  30',  Captain  Newman  of  the 
Loire,  succeeded  in  bringing  the  enemy  to  action,  in  which 
he  was  afterwards  joined  by  the  Railleur,  Harpy,  and  Fairy  ; 
and  la  Pallas  being  thus  surrounded,  was  at  length  compelled 
to  surrender,  after  a  gallant  defence  of  three  hours.  The  loss 
sustained  by  the  Fairy  in  those  actions,  amounted  to  4  men 
killed  and  9,  including  her  commander,  wounded.  The  total 
loss  on  the  part  of  the  British,  who  were  for  some  time  ex- 

"  See  p.  86. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

posed  to  the  fire  of  a  battery  on  one  of  the  Seven  Islands, 
was  10  slain  and  36  wounded. 

Captain  Newman,  in  his  official  letter  to  the  Admiralty 
respecting  this  capture,  acknowledged  himself  indebted  to 
Captains  Horton  and  Bazely,  for  the  exertions  they  used  to 
come  up  with  la  Pallas,  but  took  no  notice  of  their  having 
shared  in  the  night  action ;  and  since  his  unfortunate  death  *, 
an  officer  of  the  Loire  has  even  gone  so  far  as  to  deny  their 
having  done  so;  although  it  is  a  notorious  fact,  that  the 
Harpy  in  particular,  was  of  great  assistance  in  subduing  the 
enemy's  ship,  by  laying  on  her  quarter,  and  during  the  last 
fifteen  minutes  of  the  combat,  pouring  in  a  most  destructive 
fire  from  her  heavy  carronades*  The  Fairy,  we  believe, 
owing  to  her  dull  sailing,  was  not  able  to  do  more  than  ex- 
change a  few  broadsides  with  la  Pallas,  when  passing  on  op- 
posite tacks  f.  Captain  Horton's  spirited  conduct,  however, 
first,  in  volunteering  to  seek  an  encounter  with  a  ship  of 
such  superior  force  to  the  small  vessels  under  his  command  ; 
secondly,  in  attacking  la  Pallas,  and  lastly,  in  renewing  the 
chase  for  the  purpose  of  bringing  her  again  to  action,  added 
to  the  skill  with  which  he  directed  the  manoeuvres  of  the 
Fairy  and  Harpy,  in  order  to  cut  the  enemy  off  from  the  land, 
sufficiently  established  his  character  as  a  zealous,  brave,  and 
skilful  officer,  and  fully  entitled  him  to  the  promotion  which 
he  soon  after  obtained.  His  post  commission  bears  date 
Feb.  18,  1800  J.  .->  _ 

*  Captain  Newman  perished  in  the  Hero  74>  with  all  his  crew,  during 
the  disastrous  winter  of  1811. 

t  The  Fairy  was  a  ship-sloop,  and  mounted  sixteen  long  6's  on  her 
main-deck,  and  two  carronades,  24-pounders,  on  the  quarter-deck. 

t  Captain  Newman's  silence  is  thus  accounted  for  by  a  gentleman  who 
enjoyed  his  friendship  (in  a  note  to  the  author) :  "  With  regard  to  the  little 
controversy  carried  o»  respecting  the  share  of  the  Fairy  and  Harpy  in  ac- 
tion with  the  Pallas,  and  the  complaint,  that  Captain  Newman  of  the 
Loire,  did  not  mention  it  in  his  despatches,  I  can  state  most  clearly  and 
positively,  from  Captain  Newman's  own  relation  to  me,  that  his  only  rea- 
son for  not  speaking  of  that  event  was,  that  he  saw  nothing  of  it,  and 
could  know  nothing  of  it,  but  from  Captains  Horton  and  Bazely :  the  for- 
mer of  whom,  on  coming  on  board  of  the  Loire  after  the  action,  instead  of 
requesting  Captain  Newman  to  detail  the  occurrence  for  him,  expressly 
said  that  he  should  forward  his  own  statement :  in  consequence  of  which, 


250  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

The  following  is  a  copy  of  the  Prince  of  Bouillon's  letter 
to  the  Admiralty,  enclosing  Captain  Horton's  report  of  his 
proceedings  up  to  nine  P.  M.  on  the  5th  Feb.,  at  which  hour 
he  hailed  the  Loire,  and  pointed  out  the  enemy,  then  about 
one  and  a  half  gun-shot  distant : 

"  H.  M.  S.  Bravo,  Jersey,  Feb.  14,  1 800. 

"  Sir. — I  have  a  very  lively  satisfaction  in  transmitting1,  for  their  Lord- 
ships' information,  Captain  Horton's  report  to  me,  of  the  address  with 
which  he  enticed  the  republican  frigate  la  Pallas  from  the  protection  of  her 
own  shore,  and  the  gallantry  with  which  he  and  Captain  Bazely,  in  the 
Harpy,  and  their  officers  and  crews,  sustained  and  persevered  in  the  un- 
equal contest  with  so  superior  a  force.  The  distinguished  conduct  of  those 
officers  needs  no  comment  from  me  to  be  acceptable  to  their  Lordships  ; 
but  it  is  a  duty  that  I  fill  with  pleasure,  to  state,  that  they  sailed  from 
here  well  informed  of  the  weight  and  force  of  the  frigate,  and  apprised  of 
her  destination,  with  the  sanguine  hopes  of  meeting  her,  and  the  firm  reso- 
lution of  exerting  their 'utmost  to  produce  the  fortunate  result  that,. I  un- 
derstand, succeeded,  in  that  fine  new  frigate  having  been  conducted  to  an 
English  port.  I  have  the  honor  to  be,  &c.  &c. 

(Signed)  .       "  P.  IVAUVERGNE,  Prince  of  Botiifon." 
11  To  Evan  Nepean,  Esq." 

Captain  Horton  commanded  several  ships  during  the  late 
war;  but  does  not  appear  to  hare  had  any  opportunity  af- 
forded him  of  adding  to  his  well-earned  reputation.  He  mar- 
ried, in  Jan.  1808,  the  widow  of  Henry  Worwood,  of  Head- 
ington  House,  co.  Oxford,  Esq. 

Agent. — Thomas  Stilwell,  Esq. 


HENRY  BAZELY,  ESQ. 

Knight  Grand  Cross  of  the  Royal  Sardinian  Military  Order  of  St.  Mau- 
rice, and  St.  Lazarus. 

THIS  officer  is  a  son  of  the  late  Admiral  John  Bazely,  and 
a  brother  of  the  present  Rear- Admiral  of  that  name  *.  He 
was  horn  at  Dover  Oct.  4,  1/68  ;  served  upwards  of  ten  years 
as  a  Midshipman,  the  last  five  under  H.  R.  H.  Prince  Wil- 

. 

Captain  Newman  naturally  said,  '  Very  well,  then  do  so  ;  and  I  can  have 
nothing  to  do  with  it ! '  Those  who  knew  Captain  Newman's  disposition, 
will  neter  suppose  that  he  invidiously  designed  to  keep  in  the  back  ground 
the  merit  of  any  brother  officer." 

•  See  p.  27. 
. 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1800.  251 

Ham  Henry,  now  Duke  of  Clarence ;  was  made  a  Lieutenant 
in  Nov.  1/90 ;  and  a  Commander,  April  4,  1796. 

In  May  1797,  Captain  Bazely,  at  that  time  commanding 
the  Harpy  of  18  guns,  fell  in  with,  and  after  a  close  action  of 
fifty  minutes,  compelled  a  French  national  brig  of  eighteen 
long  9-pounders,  and  a  lugger  mounting  14  guns,  to  run  on 
shore  near  Dieppe ;  the  buildings  at  which  place,  particularly 
the  Custom  House,  were  much  damaged  by  his  fire.  The 
Harpy,  whilst  performing  this  service,  was  exposed  to  several 
batteries  ;  and  in  consequence  of  the  wind  dying  away,  a  con- 
siderable time  elapsed  before  she  could  obtain  a  clear  offing. 
Captain  Bazely  subsequently  captured  two  of  the  enemy's  pri- 
vateers, one  mounting  4  guns,  the  other  armed  with  swivels, 
muskets,  &c.,  and  rowing  thirty-two  oars.  He  also  re-cap- 
tured two  British  coasting  vessels. 

The  Harpy  formed  part  of  the  squadron  sent  against  Ostend 
in  May  1798  *  5  and  Captain  Bazely's  exertions  during  that  dis- 
astrous expedition,  were  duly  noticed  by  Sir  Home  Popham 
in  his  official  despatches  to  the  Admiralty. 

From  this  period  we  find  no  particular  mention  of  Captain 
Bazely  till  Feb.  5,  1800;  on  which  day,  in  conjunction  with 
the  subject  of  the  preceding  memoir,  he  acquired  great  repu- 
tation by  his  gallant  behaviour  in  action  with  la  Pallas  j  during 
which  the  Harpy  was  for  some  time  on  board  the  French 
frigate,  her  bower  anchor  having  hooked  the  enemy's  fore- 
rigging.  At  the  close  of  the  contest,»Captain  Bazely  received 
a  severe  contusion  in  his  side,  occasioned  by  the  recoil  of  a 
gun,  the  breeching  of  which  had  given  way. 

After  repairing  the  damages  sustained  by  his  brig,  Captain 
Bazely  succeeded  in  getting  between  la  Pallas  and  the  French 
coast;  thereby  preventing  her  from  escaping  into  St.  Maloes, 
and  obliging  her  to  close  with  the  British  squadron,  which 
had  just  hove  in  sight  to  leeward. 

Having  already  alluded  to  an  erroneous  statement  in  the 
Naval  Chronicle,  said  to  have  been  written  by  an  officer  of 
the  Loire,  we  shall  content  ourselves  with  observing  in  this 
place,  that  the  surrender  of  la  Pallas  was  announced  to  the 
Harpy  by  an  exclamation  which  neither  of  her  consorts  were 


-,-  :;,l    >on    i-!y.'  . 

*  See  Vol.  I,  note  at  p.  713,  ft  seq. 


• 


252  POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1800. 

near  enough  to  hear,  "  Ne  tirez  pas  encore.  Messieurs,  nous 
sommes  a  vous  ;'*  and  that  when  Captain  Bazely  paid  his  res- 
pects to  Captain  Newman  on  board  the  Loire,  that  officer 
expressed  himself  much  indebted  to  the  Fairy  and  Harpy  for 
driving  the  enemy  down  to  him  *. 

Captain  Bazely's  next  appointment  was  to  the  Antelope  of 
50  guns ;  in  which  ship  he  continued  during  the  absence  of 
Sir  W.  Sidney  Smith,  from  May  till  Nov.  1804.  In  Aug. 
1805,  he  obtained  the  permament  command  of  that  vessel, 
and  shortly  after  hoisted  the  broad  pendant  of  Commodore 
Smith,  off  Boulogne.  From  December  following  till  Nov. 
1807,  the  Antelope  was  employed  as  a  private  ship,  cruising 
off  the  Texel,  escorting  the  East  India  trade  to  and  from  St. 
Helena,  and  conveying  the  Earl  of  Caledon  and  his  suite  to 
the  Cape  of  Good  Hope. 

At  the  latter  date,  Captain  Bazely's  health  had  become 
so  much  impaired  in  consequence  of  the  injury  he  sustained 
in  the  action  with  la  Pallas,  as  to  render  it  necessary  for  him 
to  resign  the  Antelope.  He  therefore  came  on  shore,  and 
during  the  ensuing  three  years,  regulated  the  Impress  ser- 
vice between  Margate  and  Folkestone.  On  the  9th  May  1814, 
he  was  appointed  to  the  Bombay  74 ;  in  which  ship,  after 
bringing  the  British  garrison  from  Madeira  to  England,  and 
for  some  time  carrying  on  the  port  duty  in  the  Downs,  we 
find  him  cruising  off  the  Western  Islands  in  the  spring  of 
1815.  He  subsequently  accompanied  Lord  Exmouth  to  the 
Mediterranean  ;  and  in  August  following,  conveyed  the  Queen 
of  Sardinia  and  three  Princesses,  with  their  attendants,  from 
Cagliari  to  Genoa.  For  this  service  her  Majesty  presented 

.  *  The  ambiguous  terms  in  which  Captain  Newman's  letter  to  the  Ad- 
miralty was  penned,  operated  very  much  against  the  interests  of  Captain 
Bazely ;  but  at  length,  through  the  praise-worthy  exertions  of  Captain 
Horton,  who  laid  a  copy  of  the  Fairy's  log  before  the  Admiralty,  and 
amply  stated  what  bis  superior  had  omitted,  Earl  Spencer  became  fully 
satisfied  that  the  Harpy's  commander  had,  by  his  meritorious  exertions, 
entitled  himself  to  promotion,  and  accordingly  signed  a  commission,  ad- 
vancing him  to  the  rank  of  Post-Captain,  April  8,  1800.  We  may  here 
be  permitted  to  add,  that  the  French  Captain  was  conveyed  to  the  Loire 
by  Lieutenant  Watson  of  the  Harpy — a  convincing  proof,  if  one  were 
wanting,  that  "  the  little  black  brig  "  could  not  have  been  at  too  great  a 
distance  from  la  Pallas,  to  assist  in  subduing  her. 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1800.  253 

him  with  a  gold  snuff  box,  having  the  initials  M.  T.  set  in 
diamonds  on  the  lid. 

At  the  commencement  of  1816,  the  flag  of  Sir  Charles  V. 
Penrose  was  hoisted  on  board  the  Bombay  ;  and  Captain 
Bazely  afterwards  proceeded  with  the  squadron  under  Lord 
Exmouth  to  Tripoli,  Tunis,  and  Algiers,  for  the  purpose  of 
obtaining  the  liberation  of  those  Europeans  who  were  then 
in  the  power  of  the  Barbary  States.  His  Lordship,  on  this 
occasion,  succeeded  in  releasing  1/92  persons  from  their 
chains. 

Previous  to  Captain  Bazely  's  return  from  the  Mediterranean, 
he  received  the  Grand  Cross  of  the  order  of  St.  Maurice,  and 
St.  Lazarus  ;  and  was  presented  with  a  miniature  of  the  King 
and  Queen  of  Sardinia.  The  Bombay  was  paid  off  at  Ports- 
mouth in  July  1816. 

Captain  Bazely  married^  first,  in  1/96,  Miss  Stringer  of 
Canterbury,  Kent  ;  second,  Miss  Ruddle,  of  Queen's  Square, 
Bloomsbury,  London.  He  has  six  children  living. 

Agents.  —  Messrs.  Cooke,  Halford,  and  Son, 


_  _ 
•1  s»rfl  m  ymffto 

EDWARD  BRACE,  ESQ. 

A  Companion  of  the  most  Honorable  Military  Order  of  the  B<tth  ;  and 
a  Knight  of  the  Royal  Orders  of  Charles  HI.  of  Spain  ;  St.  Maurice 
and  St.  Lazarus,  of  Sardinia  ;  and  Wilhelm  of  the  Netherlands. 

THIS  officer  is  a  son  of  Francis  Brace,  of  Stagbatch,  co. 
Hereford,  Esq.  He  entered  the  navy  when  extremely  young, 
about  the  year  1781  ;  and  after  visiting  the  West  Indies, 
where  he  served  under  Captains  Macbride  and  Pakenham, 
proceeded  with  Commodore  Cornwallis,  in  the  Crown  of  64 
guns,  to  the  East  India  station  ;  from  whence  he  returned  as 
a  Lieutenant  of  the  Ariel  sloop,  in  the  autumn  of  1792,  after 
an  absence  of  nearly  four  years. 

On  the  13th  May,  1793,  the  Iris,  a  32-gun  frigate,  to  which 
Mr.  Brace  had  previously  been  appointed,  fell  in  with,  and  en- 
gaged a  French  ship  of  superior  force  ;  but  owing  to  the  loss 
of  her  fore  and  mizen-lower-masts,  and  main-top-mast,  had 
the  mortification  to  see  the  enemy  escape.  The  Iris  on  this 
occasion  had  5  men  killed  and  about  30  wounded. 


254  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

Mr.  Brace  subsequently  removed  with  Captain  Lumsdaine 
into  the  Polyphemus  64 ;  and  was  first  Lieutenant  of  that 
ship  at  the  capture  of  la  Tortue  of  44  guns,  having  on  board 
a  considerable  number  of  troops,  Jan.  5,  1J97*  In  the  en- 
suing summer  we  find  him  commanding  the  Kangaroo  of  18 
guns  on  the  Irish  station;  where  he  rendered  essential  ser- 
vice to  the  country,  by  beating  out  of  Cork  harbour  during  a 
heavy  gale  of  wind,  and  conveying  information  to  the  different 
cruisers  on  the  coast,  of  M.  Bompard's  approach  with  a  for- 
midable French  squadron,  which  was  consequently  encoun- 
tered and  defeated  by  Sir  John  Borlase  Warren,  on  the  12th 
Oct.  1798  *. 

We  have  already  shewn  in  what  manner  seven  of  M.  Bom- 
pard's ships  were  disposed  off  ;  and  alluded  to  the  drubbing 
which  one  of  them  received  from  an  English  frigate  of  far 
inferior  force,  previous  to  her  capture  :  but  having  omitted 
to  notice  the  zeal  and  gallantry  displayed  by  Captain  Brace 
on  that  occasion,  we  gladly  avail  ourselves  of  this  opportunity 
to  do  so,  taking  Captain  Newman's  official  letter  as  our 
guide. 

At  eight  A.  M.  on  the  15th  Oct.  that  officer,  in  the  Mer- 
maid, mounting  twenty- six  long  12-pounders,  six  long  6's, 
and  eight  24-pr.  carronades,  with  a  complement  of  208  men, 
being  on  his  way  towards  Black  Cod  Bay,  in  company  with  the 
Revohitionnaire  frigate,  and  Kangaroo,  brig,  fell  in  with  and 
pursued  two  of  Bompard's  squadron,  retreating  from  the 
scene  of  their  late  disaster.  Having  gained  considerably  on 
the  fugitives  before  sun-set,  Captain  Newman  was  in  hopes 
of  bringing  them  to  action  that  night,  and  made  the  signal  to 
prepare  accordingly.  At  the  commencement  of  the  chase, 
the  Frenchmen  kept  their  wind ;  but  towards  the  evening, 
were  right  before  it  with  all  sail  set.  They  then  spoke  and 
hauled  from  each  other,  which  necessarily  separated  the  Bri- 
tish frigates,  Captain  Twysden  in  the  Revolutionnaire,  and 
Captain  Newman,  each  pursuing  one ;  the  latter  officer  was 

•  See  Vol.  I.  p.  171. 

f  See  Vol.  I.  pp.  171,  452,  493,  and  535.  The  other  two  frigates,  a 
schooner,  and  a  brig,  effected  their  escape.  Napper  Tandy,  a  celebrated 
Irish  rebel,  was  supposed  to  have  bf  en  on  board  the  latter  vessel. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800.  255 

followed,  though  at  a  great  distance  astern,   by   his  friend 
Captain  Brace. 

The  weather  being  very  thick  and  squally,  Captain  New- 
man lost  sight  of  the  Revolutionnaire  at  7  P.  M.,  and  shortly 
after  of  his  chase.  He  then  hauled  to  the  wind,  and  was 
soon  joined  by  the  Kangaroo.  On  the  following  morning,  he 
again  fell  in  with  one  of  the  enemy's  ships,  and  lost  no  time  in 
making  sail  after  her.  "  At  3  P.  M.  the  KANGAROO  came 
up  withy  and  engaged  the  enemy,  in  a  most  gallant  manner  ; 
but  unfortunately  her  fore-top-mast  ivas  shot  away  by  the 
enemy's  stern-chasers,  and  Captain  Brace  was  rendered  in- 
capable of  pursuit  *."  Captain  Newman  continued  the 
chase  during  the  night ;  and  at  day-light  on  the  17th,  per- 
ceived the  Frenchman  preparing  to  give  him  battle,  as  no  other 
vessel  was  in  sight.  Despising  his  superiority  both  in  guns 
and  men,  the  British  commander  ran  alongside,  and  com- 
menced a  warm  action,  which  lasted  from  &  45' till  9h  30 
A.  M. ;  when  the  Mermaid,  having  lost  her  mizen-mast  and 
main-top-mast,  and  being  in  other  respects  so  much  da* 
magedas  to  be  a  mere  wreck,  was  compelled  to  haul  off,  and 
her  opponent  thus  obtained  a  few  hours'  respite  from  her  des- 
tined fate  f. 

The  Anson,  a  cut  down  64,  mounting  46  guns,  and  com- 
manded by  Cnptain  Philip  Charles1  Durham,  having  lost  her 
mizen-mast,  and  main-lower  and  top-sail-yards,  during  the 
chase  of  M.  Bompard's  squadron,  and  received  very  consi- 
derable damage  in  her  other  masts,  yards,  sails,  and  rigging, 
whilst  engaged  with  five  of  the  French  frigates  on  the  12th 
Oct.,  had  parted  from  her  consorts  during  a  gale  of  wind ; 
and  in  this  situation,  with  15  of  her  officers  and  men  wounded, 
4  of  the  latter  mortally,  and  her  complement  still  further  re- 
duced by  the  absence  of  others  in  a  re-captured  vessel  |,  on 
the  morning  of  the  18th  she  discovered  a  large  frigate  to 

*  See  Captain.  Newman's  letter  to  Vice-Admiral  Kiugsmill,  in  the  Nav. 
Chron.  vol.  Hi.  p., 43. 

f  For  a  memoir  of  Captain  Newman,  see  Nav.  Chron.  vol.  xxx.  p.  361, 
et  seq.  At  pp.  369  and  370,  will  be  found  a  full  account  of  his  action  with 
la  Loire,  and  the  very  distressed  state  in  which  his  little  frigate  reached 
Lough  Swilly. 

1  See  Nav.  Chron.  vol.  iii.  note  f  at  p.  396. 


256  POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1800* 

leeward,  without  her  fore  and  main-top-masts.  This  was 
the  ship  that  had  escaped  from  the  Mermaid  and  Kangaroo, 
and  one  of  those  which  the  Anson  had  engaged  on  the  12th. 

On  the  preceding  night  (17th),  the  Anson  and  Kangaroo 
joined  company ;  and  Captain  Durham,  thinking  the  latter' s 
services  might  be  useful  in  the  Anson 's  disabled  state,  or- 
dered Captain  Brace  to  remain  with  him.  The  Kangaroo, 
since  her  late  disaster  had,  with  creditable  alacrity,  replaced 
her  fore-top-mast ;  and,  as  soon  as  her  old  antagonist  was  dis- 
covered, got  up  her  top-gallant-masts,  and  made  sail  in 
chase. 

The  Anson,  being  far  to  leeward  of  the  Kangaroo,  was,  of 
course,  first  up  with  the  enemy  ;  and,  at  about  10h  30'  A.  M., 
a  spirited  action  took  place  between  the  two  ships.  At 
llh  45',  the  Kangaroo  came  up  under  a  press  of  sail,  and  re- 
ceived a  shot  from  the  Frenchman,  accompanied  by  several 
vollies  of  musketry.  To  this  salute,  Captain  Brace  imme- 
diately replied  by  a  broadside  ;  and  shortly  after,  the  enemy's 
rnizen-mast  fell.  Already  reduced  to  a  defenceless  state  by 
the  Anson's  powerful  fire,  she  then  surrendered,  and  was 
taken  possession  of  by  a  boat  from  the  Kangaroo. 

The  prize  proved  to  be  la  Loire,  of  twenty-eight  long  18- 
pounders,  twelve  long  French  8's,  and  six  brass  24-pr.  car- 
ronades.  At  the  commencement  of  her  first  action  (on  the 
12th),  she  had  on  board  664  men,  including  troops  ;  48  of 
whom  were  killed  and  75  wounded,  between  that  day  and  her 
capture.  The  Anson,  in  this  last  affair,  had  2  men  killed  and 
14  wounded.  The  Kangaroo,  whose  force  was  sixteen  32- 
pr.  carronades  and  two  long  6's,  with  a  complement  of  120 
men,  escaped  without  any  loss.  Captain  Brace  took  la 
Loire  in  tow,  and  proceeded  with  her  to  Plymouth. 

In  Feb.  1800,  the  Kangaroo  captured  le  Telegraph,  French 
brig  privateer,  of  14  guns  and  78  men  j  and  re-captured  an 
American  ship  and  two  British  merchantmen.  On  the  25th 
of  the  same  month,  she  fell  in  with  le  Grand  Decide,  a  pri- 
vateer, carrying  eighteen  brass  12-pounders  and  150  men ; 
the  action  which  ensued,  was  fought  in  good  style  at  close 
quarters,  and  lasted  upwards  of  fifty  minutes,  when  the  enemy 
hauled  off;  and,  although  every  exertion  was  made  by  Cap- 
tain Brace  to  renew  the  engagement,  succeeded  in  effecting 


POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1800.  257 

her  escape.  The  Kangaroo  at  this  time  had  44  officers  and 
men  absent  in  prizes,  6  unable  to  attend  their  quarters,  and  4 
employed  below  guarding  her  numerous  prisoners ;  of  the 
remainder,  only  6  men  were  wounded. 

Captain  Brace  was  advanced  to  post-rank,  April  22,  1800 ; 
and  in  the  following  year,  commanded  the  Neptune,  a  second 
rate,  bearing  the  flag  of  Vice-Admiral  Gambier,  with  whom 
he  afterwards  served  in  the  Isis  of  50  guns,  on  the  Newfound- 
land station.  His  next  appointment  was  in  1803,  to  be  Flag- 
Captain  to  his  old  commander  and  friend,  the  late  Hon.  Sir 
William  Cornwallis,  in  the  Dreadnought  of  98  guns,  on  Chan- 
nel service.  We  subsequently  find  him  commanding  in  suc- 
cession the  Camilla,  a  20-gun  ship  ;  the  Castor  and  Iris  fri- 
gates, rated  at  32  guns  ;  and  la  Virginie,  mounting  46  guns, 
with  a  complement  of  281  men  *. 

La  Virginie  was  employed  on  the  Irish  station  about  four 
years  and  a  half;  during  which  period  Captain  Brace  cap- 
tured the  Guelderland,  a  Dutch  frigate  of  36  guns  and  280 
men,  including  23  passengers ;  and  two  Spanish  privateers, 
each  mounting  14  guns.  He  also  re-captured  three  British 
West  Indiamen,  and  several  other  merchant  vessels. 

The  Guelderland  was  taken  on  the  western  coast  of  Ireland, 
May  19,  1808,  after  a  gallant  defence  of  an  hour  and  a  half, 
in  a  night  action,  during  which  she  had  all  her  masts  shot 
away  by  the  board,  25  men  killed,  and  40  severely  wounded. 
La  Virginie  had  only  1  man  killed  and  2  wounded.  Vice- 
Admiral  Whitshed,  when  transmitting  Captain  Brace's  report 
of  the  action  to  the  Secretary  of  the  Admiralty,  expressed 
himself  as  follows  : 

"  The  gallantry  and  officer-like  manner  iu  which  this  service  has  been 
performed,  is  as  strongly  exemplified  in  the  modest  terms  in  which  it  is 
related,  as  by  the  result ;  and  affords  an  additional  proof  amongst  many,  of 
what  may  be  effected  by  that  order  and  discipline  which  I  have  observed 
to  be  so  well  maintained  on  board  la  Virginie." 

La  Virginie  was  paid  off  in  March  1810;  and  Captain 
Brace  remained  without  any  other  appointment  till  about 
October  following,  when  he  was  appointed  to  the  St.  Alban's 
of  64  guns.  In  that  ship  he  was  employed  on  the  Cadiz  sta- 

*  The  Castor  was  stationed  as  a  temporary  guard-ship  at  Liverpool ; 
the  other  three  were  employed  as  cruisers. 

VOL.  II.  S 


258  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

tion,  under  Sir  Richard  G.  Keats,  who  entrusted  him  with  the 
command  of  a  squadron  sent  to  convey  Lieutenant- General 
Graham  (now  Lord  Lynedoch)  and  his  troops  to  Tariffa, 
for  the  purpose  of  co-operating  with  the  Spanish  General  La 
Penas,  in  an  attack  upon  the  rear  of  the  French  besieging  army. 

It  being  found  impracticable  to  effect  a  landing  any  where 
between  Cape  Trafalgar  and  Tariffa,  Captain  Brace  proceeded 
to  Algeziras,  where  the  troops  were  disembarked  under  his 
personal  superintendence.  From  thence  the  Lieutenant-Ge- 
neral immediately  marched  for  Tariffa,  to  which  place  the 
artillery,  provisions,  stores,  &c.  of  his  little  army  were  con- 
veyed in  boats,  notwithstanding  the  unfavorable  state  of  the 
weather,  by  the  indefatigable  exertions  of  the  navy.  The 
famous  battle  of  Barrossa  followed ;  and  the  assistance  afforded 
by  Captain  Brace  to  the  combined  armies,  was  most  hand- 
somely mentioned  in  the  naval  and  military  despatches  res- 
pecting that  truly  glorious  event  *. 

Towards  the  latter  end  of  1811,  Captain  Brace  removed 
into  the  Berwick  of  74  guns,  which  ship  he  commanded  on 
the  Mediterranean  station  during  the  remainder  of  the  war. 

A  gallant  exploit  was  performed  May  16,  1813,  by  a  de- 
tachment from  the  Berwick  and  Euryalus,  under  the  direction 
of  Mr.  Henry  Johnston  Sweedland,  first  Lieutenant  of  the 
former  ship.  Upwards  of  twenty  vessels  collected  in  Cavu- 
larie  bay,  to  the  eastward  of  Toulon,  under  the  protection 
of  several  land  batteries,  and  la  Fortune,  a  French  national 
xebec  mounting  ten  long  9-pounders  and  4  swivels,  with  a 
complement  of  95  men,  were  either  brought  out  or  destroyed, 
and  the  batteries  taken  in  a  period  of  time  astonishingly  short, 
the  assailants  sustaining  no  greater  loss  than  1  marine  killed, 
and  an  ordinary  seaman  missing.  The  attack  was  ably 
planned  ;  and  Lieutenant  Sweedland  carried  it  into  execution 
with  that  calm  intrepidity  which,  while  it  leaves  an  enemy 
nothing  to  hope  from  protracted  resistance,  foresees  and  pro- 
vides all  that  is  requisite  to  ensure  success. 

*  The  British  and  Spanish  armies  formed  a  junction  at  Tariffa,  Feb.  28, 
18 11,  and  five  days  afterwards  obtained  a  most  brilliant  victory  over  two 
divisions  of  Marshal  Victor's  army.  The  loss  of  the  French,  who  left  be- 
hind them  two  generals,  an  eagle,  and  six  pieces  of  cannon,  was  computed 
at  3,000  in  killed,  wounded,  and  prisoners  :  on  the  side  of  the  allies,  the 
loss  was  stated  at  1,243  in  slain  and  wounded. 


POST-  CAPTA  INS  OF  1800. 

In  December  following,  the  boats  of  the  Berwick  made  anight 
attack  on  Fort  Negaye,  near  Frejus,  for  the  purpose  of  cap- 
turing a  number  of  merchantmen  lying  under  its  protection. 
Lieutenant  Sweedland,  who  likewise  commanded  upon  this  oc- 
casion, nothing  daunted  by  the  unexpected  appearance  of  two 
French  national  schooners  in  the  bay,  gallantly  pushed  on, 
carried  one  of  the  latter  and  the  fort,  and  obliged  the  enemy 
to  scuttle  the  coasting  vessels.  The  second  schooner,  how- 
ever, found  means  to  repel  the  divided  force  which  assailed 
her,  and  Lieutenant  Sweedland,  Mr.  James  B.  Hawkins 
Whitshed,  Midshipman,  and  several  seamen  were  killed,  be- 
sides others  wounded.  The  sailors  in  the  fort  now  turned 
some  field-pieces  on  this  vessel,  and  damaged  her  so  much, 
that  she  was  finally  scuttled  by  the  enemy  *. 

Captain  Brace's  services  during  the  operations  which  led 
to  the  surrender  of  Genoa  and  its  dependencies  in  April  1814, 
were  duly  acknowledged  by  Sir  Josias  Rowley,  who  conv 
manded  the  squadron  employed  on  that  occasion,  in  conjunc- 
tion with  the  British  army  under  Lord  William  Bentinck. 
After  the  reduction  of  that  fortress,  he  acted  as  naval  Com- 
missioner on  shore,  until  the  arsenal  was  finally  cleared  of  its 
valuable  contents.  He  then  returned  to  England,  refitted 
his  ship,  and  was  again  ordered  to  the  Mediterranean.  Dur- 
ing the  war  with  Murat,  occasioned  by  that  chieftain's  se- 
cession from  the  cause  of  the  allied  powers,  the  Berwick  was 
employed  under  the  orders  of  Captain  (now  Rear-Admiral) 
Fahie,  at  the  siege  of  Gaeta  f  ;  on  which  service  Captain 
Brace  was  the  second  in  command. 

On  his  arrival  in  England,  about  June  or  July  1816,  all 
warfare  between  the  European  powers  being  at  an  end,  and  his 

*  Lieutenant  Sweedland  was  the  eldest  son  of  Sir  C.  Sweedland,  of  St. 
Helen's  Place,  London  ;  and  it  may  with  truth  be  said,  that,  by  his  pre- 
mature death,  the  navy  lost  one  of  its  ornaments,  his  country  a  real  pa- 
triot, his  King  a  most  loyal  subject,  and  his  disconsolate  family  a  source 
of  joy.  Mr.  Whitshed  was  the  eldest  son  of  the  present  Admiral  of  that 
name ;  he  served  under  Lieutenant  Sweedland  in  the  affair  at  Cavalarie, 
and  by  his  conduct  as  a  youth,  he  gave  high  promise  of  possessing  those 
virtues  so  eminently  conspicuous  in  the  officer  whose  fate  he  shared.  His 
last  words  were,  "  Carry  her  if  you  can  -.  I  am  no  more." 
t  See  Vol.  I.  p.  718. 
s  2 


260  POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1800. 

health  much  impaired  by  long  and  anxious  services,  Captain 
Brace  was  recommended  to  seek  benefit  from  retirement,  and 
the  pleasures  of  social  and  family  intercourse  at  home.  The 
dispute  with  the  Dey  of  Algiers,  however,  occurring  about 
this  time,  he  was  induced  to  comply  with  the  express  wishes 
of  Viscount.  Melville  and  Lord  Exmouth;  and  without  any 
interval  of  repose,  assumed  the  command  of  the  Impregnable, 
a  3-decker,  which  was  to  form  one  of  the  squadron  appointed 
to  visit  that  piratical  tyrant,  under  the  orders  of  the  last 
named  nobleman.  When  the  ships  arrived  at  Gibraltar, 
Rear-Admiral  Milne,  who  had  been  appointed  to  the  com- 
mand at  Halifax,  but  allowed,  at  his  own  particular  request, 
to  accompany  the  expedition,  hoisted  his  flag  on  board  the 
Impregnable,  as  second  in  command  of  the  squadron. 

During  the  tremendous  battle  of  Aug.  27th,  the  Impreg- 
nable was  hulled  by  two  hundred  and  thirty-three  shot,  none 
less  than  a  24-pounder,  about  twenty  of  which  passed  between 
wind  and  water.  She  however  not  only  maintained  her  pe- 
rilous situation  about  three  hundred  and  fifty  yards  from  a 
fortification  of  three  tiers,  containing  66  guns,  flanked  by 
four  other  works  of  two  tiers  each,  in  which  were  mounted 
60  pieces  of  cannon,  and  a  redoubt  of  4  guns,  but  succeeded, 
with  the  aid  of  an  explosion  vessel,  in  destroying  the  strong- 
est of  all  the  Algerines'  batteries.  She  expended  no  less  than 
6,730  round  shot,  and  28,800  pounds  of  powder.  Her  killed 
and  wounded  amounted  to  rather  more  than  one-fourth  part 
of  the  total  loss  sustained  by  Lord  Exmouth's  fleet  *  ;  and 
her  masts,  yards,  sails,  and  rigging,  were  much  cut  up. 
Captain  Brace  himself,  was  slightly  wounded  in  two  places ; 
but  as  he  did  not  allow  his  name  to  be  included  in  the  re- 
port, we  suppose  it  was  not  his  wish  to  make  a  longer  list 
than  he  could  possibly  avoid,  of  the  casualties  on  board  his 
ship.  The  names  of  Rear-Admiral  Milne,  and  one  or  two 
other  officers  who  received  wounds,  were  probably  withheld, 
through  the  same  motive.  Such  acts  of  modesty  are  truly 
praiseworthy,  and  should  always  be  recorded. 

After  the  battle,  Rear- Admiral   Milne  removed  into  his 
proper  flag-ship,  the  Leander  of  60  guns,  and  proceeded  wkh 

«  See  Vol.  I.  pp.  227  and  682. 


POST-CAPTAINS   OP    1800.  261 

tile  commander-in-chief  's  despatches  to  England  ;  but  owing 
to  adverse  winds,  the  duplicates  brought  overland  by  Captain 
James  Brisbane,  of  the  Queen  Charlotte,  were  received  at 
the  Admiralty  several  days  before  the  Rear- Admiral  arrived 
in  England. 

Captain  Brace  having  been  nominated  a  Companion  of  the 
Bath  in  1815,  could  not,  consistently  with  the  regulations  of 
that  Order,  receive  any  personal  mark  of  distinction  from  his 
own  government,  for  this  most  hazardous  but  brilliant  ser- 
vice :  it  having  some  time  previously  been  determined,  not 
to  confer  the  insignia  of  a  Knight  Commander  on  any  other 
than  Flag-Officers  in  the  navy,  and  General  Officers  in  the 
army.  He  however  received  the  Orders  of  Wilhelm  of  the 
Netherlands,  and  St.  Maurice  and  St.  Lazarus  of  Sardinia,  for 
the  skill  and  valour  he  had  displayed  at  Algiers ;  and  that  of 
Charles  III.  of  Spain,  for  his  services  at  Cadiz  in  1811. 

On  the  1st  Aug.  1821,  Captain  Brace  was  appointed  to  the 
Ramillies  74,  stationed  at  Portsmouth  ;  and  on  the  31st  May, 
1823,  to  the  Ganges  of  84  guns ;  in  which  ship  he  is  now 
absent  on  foreign  service,  with  the  Superb  JS  under  his 
orders. 

It  will  thus  appear  that,  during  the  long  period  of  43  years, 
this  officer  has  been  in  almost  constant  employ,  on  various 
stations  and  services  ;  his  intervals  of  living  on  shore  out  of 
commission,  being  very  few  and  very  short. 

One  of  Captain  Brace's  sisters  married  the  late  Captain 
Newman,  of  whom  we  have  spoken  in  the  course  of  this 
memoir;  another  is  the  lady  of  Rear- Admiral  Poyntz.  Two 
of  his  nephews  are  also  in  the  navy,  viz.  Herbert  Brace 
Powell,  Esq.,  a  Post- Captain,  and  Francis  Brace,  Esq.,  a 
Commander.  The  names  and  services  of  those  officers  will 
appear  in  their  proper  places. 

Agents. — Messrs.  Atkins  and  Son. 


SIR  JAHLEEL  BRENTON,  BART. 

Knight  Commander  of  the  most  Honorable  Military  Order  of  the  Bath  : 
and  a  Knight  Grand  Cross  of  the  Neapolitan  Order  of  St.  Ferdinand 
and  of  Merit. 

THIS  officer  is  a  son  of  the  late  Rear- Admiral  Jahleel  Bren- 

"" 


262  FOST-CAPFAINS    OF    1800. 

ton,  by  Henrietta,  daughter  of  Joseph  Cowley,  Esq.,  of  Wol- 
verhampton,  in  Staffordshire  (by  Penelope,  daughter  and 
heiress  of  Edward  Pelham,  Esq.). 

He  was  born  Aug.  22,  1770;  received  his  education  at  the 
maritime  school  at  Chelsea  ;  and  obtained  the  rank  of  Lieu- 
tenant in  1790*.  At  the  commencement  of  the  French  revo- 
lutionary war,  we  find  him  commanding  the  Trepassey  of  12 
guns,  on  the  Newfoundland  station  ;  and  subsequently  serv- 
ing as  a  Lieutenant  of  the  Barfleur,  a  second  rate,  bearing 
the  flag  of  Vice- Admiral  Waldegrave  (now  Lord  Radstock), 
in  which  ship  he  assisted  at  the  defeat  of  the  Spanish  fleet, 
under  Don  Josef  de  Cordova,  off  Cape  St.  Vincent,  Feb.  14, 

1797  f. 

Towards  the  close  of  1798,  or  early  in  1799,  Lieutenant 
Brenton  was  promoted  to  the  command  of  the  Speedy,  a  brig 
mounting  fourteen  4-pounders,  with  a  complement  of  60  men* 
On  the  9th  Aug.  in  the  latter  year,  he  chased  three  of  the 
enemy's  armed  vessels  into  a  small  bay,  near  Cape  de  Gatt, 
where  they  moored  in  a  close  line,  within  a  boat's  length  of 
the  beach.     The  Speedy  engaged  them  an  hour  and  three 
quarters  under  sail,  before  she  could  gain  soundings,  although 
not  more  than  a  cable's  length  distant  from  the  rocks  j  but 
finding  the  enemy  had  much  the  advantage,  from  her  constant 
change  of  position,  Captain  Brentou  determined  to  push  for 
an  anchorage,  and  was  fortunate  enough  to  gain  one  within 
pistol  shot  of  the  centre  vessel.     A  warm  action  now  took 
place,  and  lasted  about  three  quarters  of  an  hour ;  at  the  end 
of  which  time  the  enemy  took  to  their  boats,  leaving  the  ves- 
sels to  their  fate.     The  prizes  were  taken  possession  of  under 
a  heavy  fire  of  musketry  from  the  surrounding  hills,  and  2 
Spaniards  found  dead  on  their  decks :    the  wounded  were 
carried  off  by  their  companions.     They  mounted  in  the  whole 
22  guns,   6  and  9-pounders.      The  Defender,  a  privateer 
belonging  to  Gibraltar,  was  in  company  with  the  Speedy  at 
the  commencement  of  this  very  creditable  affair ;  but  having 

*  Previous  to  this  promotion,  Mr.  Brenton  had  served  as  a  Lieutenant 
in  the  Swedish  navy,  and  bore  a  part  in  the  desperate  battle  between  the 
Russians  and  Swedes,  in  the  gulf  of  Wibourg.  See  Vol.  I.  note  §,  at  p. 

292'          /\itK\.  Its. 

t  See  Vol.  I.  pp.  21  and  61. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800.  263 

only  22  men  on  board,  was  obliged  to  stand  out  for  the  pur- 
pose of  procuring  assistance  from  a  boat  she  had  in  the  of- 
fing, and  could  not  reach  the  anchorage  till  the  conclusion 
of  the  action.  She  had  1  man  wounded,  the  Speedy  2  ;  but 
neither  of  them  dangerously. 

On  the  3d  Oct.  following,  whilst  running  through  the  Gut 
of  Gibraltar,  in  sight  of  a  British  convoy,  Captain  Brenton 
observed  a  number  of  small  vessels  coming  out  of  Algeziras ; 
and  concluding  they  were  Spanish  gun-boats  endeavouring  to 
cut  off  some  of  the  merchantmen,  steered  for  them  in  order 
to  defeat  their  purpose.  He  soon  after  perceived  they  were 
coasting  vessels,  eight  in  number,  under  the  protection  of  an 
armed  cutter  and  schooner.  All  sail  was  now  made  in 
chase,  and  the  two  sternmost  were  soon  separated  from  the 
others,  but  took  shelter  under  the  guns  of  a  castle,  which 
opened  a  heavy  fire  upon  the  Speedy  as  she  approached, 
and  prevented  her  bringing  them  off.  Captain  Brenton 
now  pursued  the  main  body,  passing  within  gun-shot  of 
the  castle  at  Tariffa ;  and  at  length  came  up  with  and  des- 
troyed four  of  them  in  a  bay  to  the  eastward  of  Cape  Trafal- 
gar, without  any  loss  on  the  part  of  the  Speedy,  although  her 
boats  were  exposed  to  the  fire  from  a  fortification  under 
which  the  enemy  had  sought  refuge,  and  some  musketry  on  the 
beach ;  as  also  to  a  heavy  surf,  which  rendered  their  ap- 
proach dangerous.  Rear-Admiral  Duckworth,  in  reporting 
this  affair  to  the  Admiralty,  said,  "  It  is  but  justice  to  Cap- 
tain Brenton  to  observe,  that  his  exertions  and  gallantry  at 
all  opportunities,  do  him  the  highest  honor.'' 

Captain  Brenton's  next  encounter  with  the  enemy  was  on 
his  entering  the  Gut,  with  a  transport ,  ship  and  a  merchant 
brig  under  his  protection  from  JUsbon,  Nov.  9,  1799.  On 
that  day  two  Spanish  schooners,  each  carrying  .two  long  24- 
pounders  and  50  men  ;  ten  other  vessels  of  one  24-pounder, 
and  40  men  each ;  and  a  French  xebec  privateer  of  8  guns, 
pushed  out  from  Algeziras,  and  directed  their  first  assault 
against  the  transport,  but  without  effect.  They  then  at- 
tempted to  get  possession  of  the  brig,  in  which  they  were 
also  foiled  by  the  skill  and  bravery  of  Captain  Brenton,  who 
passed  through  the  midst  of  them,  and  poured  in  such  re- 
peated broadsides  of  round  and  grape,  that  they  fled  in  con- 


264  POST-CAPTAINS    OP    1800. 

fusion,  taking  shelter  under  Fort  Barbary.  The  Speedy  on 
this  occasion  had  only  3  men  killed  and  wounded  ;  but  she 
was  very  much  cut  up  in  her  hull,  masts,  and  rigging.  The 
Spaniards,  according  to  their  own  account,  lost  1 1  men. 

To  Captain  Brenton,  it  appeared  very  singular  that,  al- 
though this  brush  with  the  enemy's  flotilla  took  place  close 
to  the  rock,  a  single  shot  fired  from  Europa  point  was  the 
only  effort  made  by  the  garrison  of  Gibraltar  to  assist  him. 
He  consequently  anchored  in  the  bay,  much  out  of  humour 
with  the  Governor,  General  OHara  ;  but  was  soon  informed 
of  the  cause  by  his  Excellency,  who  addressed  him  on  his 
appearing  at  the  convent  *,  in  the  following  terms : 

"  I  conclude,  Sir,  you  think  I  have  treated  you  very  ill,  in  not  affording 
you  assistance  ;  but  I  have  made  arrangements  with  the  Governor  of  Al- 
geziras,  to  prevent  this  town  being  kept  in  a  state  of  constant  alarm  and 
annoyance  by  the  Spanish  gun-boats,  which  in  consequence  are  never  to 
be  fired  on  from  the  rock  :  there  is  the  copy  of  a  letter  which  I  have  written 
to  the  Admiralty,  and  I  most  sincerely  wish  you  may  obtain  your  pro- 
motion f." 

The  letter  alluded  to  was  so  handsomely  worded,  that 
Captain  Brenton  could  say  nothing  about  the  preceding  trans- 
action j  and  he  was  soon  after  rewarded  for  his  gallantry  by  a 
post  commission,  appointing  him  to  the  command  of  the 
Caesar ;  in  which  ship,  bearing  the  flag  of  Rear- Admiral  Sir 
James  Saumarez,  the  inhabitants  of  Algeziras  again  witnessed 
his  exertions,  on  that  memorable  day,  July  6,  1801,  when 
our  intrepid  tars  were  unhappily  thwarted  by  calms  and  cur- 
rents in  their  attempt  to  cut  off  a  French  squadron,  and 
obliged  to  haul  off  from  the  formidable  batteries  under  which 
they  had  drifted,  with  the  additional  mortification  of  leaving 
the  enemy  to  exult  in  the  capture  of  a  British  74  |. 

Nothing  daunted  by  this  failure,  Sir  James  Saumarez,  with 
astonishing  celerity,  refitted  part  of  his  shattered  squadron; 
and,  reinforced  by  Captains  Keats  and  Hollis,  of  the  Superb 
and  Thames,  pursued  his  vain-glorious  enemy ;  who,  notwith- 
standing their  immense  superiority,  sought  for  safety  in  an 

•  The  Governor's  residence. 

t  See  Naval  History  of  Great  Britain,  by  Captain  EDWARD  PELHAM 
BRENTON,  Vol.  II.  p.  490. 

J  See  Vol.  I.  p-  187. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF  1800.  265 

ignominious  flight,  during  which  two  first  rates  were  burnt, 
and  a  74-gun  ship  borne  off  in  triumph,  by  their  determined 
opponents  *. 

As  the  exertions  that  were  made  on  board  the  squadron  in 
general,  and  the  Caesar  in  particular,  after  the  battle  off  Alge- 
bras, have  been  considered  the   most  extraordinary  in  the 
history  of  naval  affairs,  and  a  lasting  standard  for  imitation, 
it  may  be  proper  to  detail  the  damages  she  repaired  between 
the  evening  of  the  6th  and  forenoon  of  the  12th.     In  that 
short  space  of  time,  she  shifted  her  main-mast,  fished  and 
secured  her  fore-mast,  which  had  been  shot  through  in  se- 
veral places,  knotted  and  spliced  the  rigging,   plugged  the 
shot-holes  between  wind  and  water,  completed  with  stores 
of  all  kinds,  and  provisions  for  four  months.     Such  was  the 
ardour  manifested  by  her  crew,  that  they  volunteered  their 
services  to  Captain  Brenton,  not  only  to  continue  their  exer- 
tions from  dawn  till  dark,  but  to  work,  watch  and  watch, 
during  the  night.     By  efforts  such  as  these,  the  Caesar  was 
enabled  to  commence  warping  out  of  Gibraltar  Mole  at  noon 
onthe  12th,  swaying  up  her  top-gallant-masts,  and  bending 
sails  at  the  same  time  ;  and  by  3  P.  M .,  she  was  actually 
under  sail,  and  ready  to  pursue  the  enemy,  who  were  then 
turning  out  of  the  bay.    It  is  also  worthy  of  remark,  that 
several  of  her  wounded  men,  on  hearing  the  ship  was  moving 
out  of  the  Mole,  escaped  from  the  hospital,  determined,  if 
possible,  to  share  in  the  new  danger  that  awaited  them. 
They  were  accordingly  received  on  board,  and  went  to  their 
quarters.      Sir  James  Saumarez,  in  his  official  despatches, 
makes  ample  mention  of  Captain  Brenton's  able  and  zealous 
exertions  on  this  trying  and  memorable  occasion  f. 

*  See  Vol.  I.  p.  344. 

f  In  the  action  of  the  6th  July,  the  Caesar  had  9  men  killed,  25  wounded, 
and  8  missing.  The  latter  are  supposed  to  have  been  taken  prisoners  when 
assisting  the  Hannibal.  "  When,  in  the  hottest  part  of  the  action,  the 
Caesar  broke  her  sheer,  and  could  not  get  her  guns  to  bear  on  the  enemy, 
Captain  Brenton  ordered  a  cutter  to  be  lowered  down  from  the  stern,  to 
convey  a  warp  to  the  Audacious ;  but  the  boat  was  found  to  be  knocked  to 
pieces  by  the  enemy's  shot.  Before  other  means  could  be  resorted  to, 
Michael  Collins,  a  young  sailor  belonging  to  the  Caesar's  mizen-top,  seized 
the  end  of  a  lead-line,  and  exclaiming, '  You  shall  soon  have  a  warp,'  darted 


266  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

Captain  Brenton  returned  to  England  in  the  Santa  Do- 
rothea, April  7,  1802,  and  was  appointed  to  la  Minerve  fri- 
gate in  November  following.  On  the  2d  July,  1803,  as  the 
latter  ship,  under  the  charge  of  a  pilot,  and  during  a  fog,  was 
pursuing  some  French  vessels,  she  unfortunately  struck  upon 
the  western  point  of  the  Cones,  near  Cherbourgh.  Two 
strong  forts  in  the  neighbourhood  immediately  opened  their 
fire  upon  her,  and  were  soon  assisted  by  a  division  of  gun- 
vessels  from  the  road,  including  two  heavy  brigs.  Every 
thing  that  men  could  do,  both  to  extricate  their  ship  from  her 
perilous  situation,  and  to  employ  effectively  the  few  guns 
that  could  be  brought  to  bear,  was  done  by  Captain  Brenton, 
his  officers  and  crew.  At  length,  after  sustaining  a  fire  of 
several  hours'  duration,  by  which  la  Minerve  was  greatly 
damaged  in  her  hull  and  masts,  12  men  killed,  and  14  or  15 
badly  wounded,  she  was  obliged  to  strike  her  colours. 

Captain  Jurieu,  of  la  Franchise,  a  French  frigate,  captured 
by  the  Minotaur,  Thunderer,  and  Albion,  on  the  28th  May 
preceding,  was  allowed  to  go  to  France,  on  his  parole  to 
return  to  England  in  three  months,  if  he  could  not  obtain 
the  liberation  of  Captain  Brenton.  His  efforts  proved  inef- 
fectual; the  consular  government  proposing  to  substitute 
three  individuals,  two  of  whom  were  resident  in  France  at 
the  renewal  of  the  war;  the  other,  although  denominated  a 
Colonel,  was  not  known  to  belong  to  the  navy  or  army  of 
Great  Britain.  Captain  Brenton  therefore  continued  a  prison- 
er at  Verdun  till  about  the  commencement  of  1807,  when  he 
was  exchanged  for  M.  Infernet,  who  had  commanded  1'Intre- 
pide  74,  in  the  battle  of  Trafalgar.  It  need  hardly  be  stated, 
that  on  his  return  from  captivity,  Captain  Brenton  was  not 
only  most  honorably  acquitted  by  a  court  martial,  of  all 
blame  on  account  of  the  loss  of  la  Minerve,  but  most  highly 
praised  for  his  gallant  defence  of  her  *. 

from  the  taffrail,  and-  swam  with  the  line  to  the  Audacious,  where  it  was 
received,  and  by  that  means  a  hawser  ran  out,  which  answered  the  intended 
purpose,"  See  Brenton's  Naval  History,  vol.  iii.  p.  36,  et  seq. 

*  A  very  interesting  account  of  Captain  Brenton's  capture,  imprison- 
ment, and  treatment,  will  be  found  in  the  third  volume  of  his  brother's 
"  Naval  History,"  published  since  this  sheet  was  put  in  the  press.  See 
pp.  209  &c.  to  234. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800.  267 

Captain  Brenton's  trial  took  place  Feb./,  1807-  In  the 
course  of  the  same  month  he  was  appointed  to  the  Spartan 
of  46  guns ;  and  on  the  23d  April,  1809,  we  find  him,  with 
the  Amphion  and  Mercury  frigates  under  his  orders,  driving 
the  French  garrison  out  of  Pesaro,  destroying  the  castle  at 
the  entrance  of  that  port,  and  capturing  thirteen  merchant 
vessels,  deeply  laden  with  oil,  hides,  hemp,  almonds,  &c. 

On  the  2d  of  the  following  month,  the  Spartan  and  Mer- 
cury blew  up  the  castle  of  Ceseratico,  destroyed  a  battery  of 
two  4-pounders,  burnt  a  large  vessel  laden  with  iron,  captured 
twelve  others,  partly  laden  with  grain,  and  brought  off  a  great 
quantity  of  hemp  and  iron,  which  had  been  collected  in  the 
magazines.  This  service,  as  well  as  the  preceding,  was  ac- 
complished without  the  loss  of  a  man,  although  at  Ceseratico, 
the  ships  and  their  boats  were  much  exposed  to  the  fire  from 
the  battery  and  musketry  on  shore. 

Eight  days  after  this  affair,  Captain  JBrenton,  in  concert  with 
Baron  Ocharnick,  commanding  a  detachment  of  Austrian 
troops,  compelled  the  garrison  of  the  island  of  Lussin,  on  the 
coast  of  Croatia,  consisting  of  I/O  men,  to  surrender  at  dis- 
cretion, after  some  opposition  from  the  citadel  and  batteries. 
The  allies  on  this  occasion  had  only  3  men  wounded. 

Early  in  October  following,  Captain  Brenton  assisted  at 
the  capture  of  Zante  and  Cephalonia,  by  the  naval  and  mili- 
tary forces  under  Captain  Spranger  of  the  Warrior,  and  Bri- 
gadier-General Oswald.  On  the  9th  "of  the  same  month,  he 
commanded  at  the  reduction  of  Cerigo,  an  island  near  the 
Morea,  defended  by  three  forts,  with  a  garrison  of  104  men. 
"  At  Cerigo,"  says  Lord  Colling  wood,  when  reporting  the 
capture  of  those  islands,  "  the  greatest  resistance  was  made ; 
but  Captain  Brenton's  skill  and  resources  are  such  as  would 
surmount  much  greater  difficulties  than  they  could  present." 
Captain  Spranger,  in  his  letter  to  the  commander-in-chief,  ob- 
served, that  Cerigo  had  long  been  used  as  a  place  of  refuge 
by  privateers  of  the  worst  description ;  and  duly  acknow- 
ledged the  advantage  he  had  derived  from  Captain  Brenton's 
"  judgment,  gallantry,  and  activity,"  during  the  expedition, 
which  terminated  with  the  fall  of  that  island. 

On  the  1st  May,  1810,  the  Spartan  and  Success  fell  in  with 
and  pursued  a  French  squadron,  consisting  of  the  Ceres  fri- 


268  POST-CAPTAINS    OP    1800. 

gate,  of  42  guns  and  350  men ;  Fame  corvette,  28  guns,  260 
men ;  Sparviere  brig,  8  guns,  98  men  j  and  Achilles  cutter, 
10  guns,  80  men.  These  vessels,  favored  by  light  and  par- 
tial breezes,  succeeded  in  reaching  the  mole  of  Naples ;  and 
as  Captain  Brenton  was  sensible  they  would  never  leave  that 
place  of  shelter  whilst  menaced  by  two  British  frigates,  he 
directed  the  Success  to  cruise  from  five  to  ten  leagues  S.  W. 
of  Capri,  himself  continuing  in  the  bay. 

At  day- light  on  the  3d,  he  had  the  pleasure  of  seeing  the 
enemy's  squadron,  accompanied  by  eight  Neapolitan  gun- 
boats, each  carrying  one  24-pounder  and  40  men,  standing 
towards  the  Spartan  in  a  close  line.  At  7h  56'  A.  M.,  he  ex- 
changed broadsides  with  the  Ceres,  then  within  pistol-shot, 
and  soon  after,  passing  along  their  line,  cut  off  the  Achilles 
and  gun-boats  from  the  main  body.  This  obliged  the  enemy's 
frigate,  corvette,  and  brig,  to  wear  for  the  purpose  of  renew- 
ing their  junction ;  in  which  attempt  they  were  foiled  by  the 
Spartan  taking  her  station  on  their  weather  beam.  A  close 
and  obstinate  contest  ensued :  light  and  variable  winds  led 
them  near  the  batteries  of  Baia,  under  which  the  Ceres  sought 
protection.  The  crippled  state  of  the  Spartan  not  allowing 
her  to  follow,  she  bore  up,  and  after  raking  the  frigate  and 
corvette,  succeeded  in  cutting  off  and  boarding  the  Sparviere. 

The  Fame  having  lost  her  fore-top-mast,  effected  her  es- 
cape with  the  assistance  of  the  gun  boats,  by  whose  fire  the 
Spartan  had  been  severely  galled. 

For  a  considerable  time  during  the  battle,  Captain  Brenton 
stood  upon  the  capstern,  cheering  his  crew,  and  watching  the 
enemy's  manoeuvres.  Whilst  thus  employed,  one  of  his  of- 
ficers requested  him  not  to  expose  himself  in  such  a  manner  : 
his  reply  was,  "  I  am  in  no  more  danger  here,  than  I  should 
be  any  where  else."  Soon  after  a  grape  shot  struck  him 
on  the  left  hip,  and  shattered  the  ilium :  the  wound  was 
for  some  time  considered  to  be  mortal.  Numerous  were 
the  instances  of  patriotism  and  individual  fortitude  dis- 
played by  our  heroic  countrymen,  during  this  unequal  con- 
flict. One  of  the  wounded  sailors,  upon  being  told  that  he 
must  lose  the  whole  of  his  arm,  exclaimed,  "  Well,  take  it 
whenever  you  like  ;  it  is  not  mine,  but  my  king's."  The 
Spartan's  total  loss  on  this  glorious  occasion,  amounted  to 


POST  CAPTAINS  OF  1800.  269 

10  men  killed  and  22  wounded  ;  among  the  latter  was  Mr. 
Willis,  her  first  Lieutenant,  whom  Captain  Brenton  describes 
as  "  one  of  the  best  and  most  gallant  officers  he  ever  met 
with."  The  enemy,  according  to  a  French  account,  had  30 
killed  and  90  wounded,  exclusive  of  the  loss  sustained  by 
the  captured  brig  ;  but  we  have  reason  to  believe  it  was  much 
more  severe  *. 

Captain  Brenton's  distinguished   conduct  in  the  Bay  of 
Naples,  did  not  pass  unrewarded.     The   Patriotic  Fund   at 
Lloyd's,  voted  him  a  sword,  value   100  guineas ;  the  King 
of  the  two  Sicilies  presented  him  with  the  Grand  Cross  of  the 
Order  of  St.  Ferdinand,  and  of  Merit ;  he  was  raised  to  the 
dignity  of  a  Baronet  of  Great  Britain,  Nov.  3,  1812  ;  and  no- 
minated a  K.  C.  B.  Jan.  2,  1815.     Towards  the  conclusion 
of  the  war,  we  find  him  commanding  the  Stirling  Castle  74. 
His  subsequent  appointments  were,  early  in  Jan.  1814,  to  su- 
perintend the  naval  arsenal  at  Port  Mahon  ;  about  June  fol- 
lowing, to  command  the  Dorset  yacht ;  and  in  the  autumn  of 
the  same  year,  to  be  Resident  Commissioner  at  the  Cape  of 
Good  Hope.     The  establishment  at  the  latter  place  being 
reduced,  he  returned  from  thence  in  the  Vigo,  a  third  rate, 
bearing  the  flag  of  Rear-Admiral  Lambert,  and  arrived  at 
Portsmouth  Jan.  1, 1822. 

Sir  Jahleel  Brenton  is  at  present  commander  of  the  Royal 
Charlotte  yacht ;  the  amount  of  a  pension  granted  him  for 
the  severe  wound  he  received  off  Naples,  is,  we  believe,  300/. 
per  annum  f.  He  married,  first,  April  10,  1802,  Isabella, 
daughter  of  Anthony  Stewart,  Esq.,  late  of  Maryland ;  se- 
cond, Oct.  9, 1822,  Harriet,  daughter  of  the  late  James  Bren- 
ton, Esq.,  of  Halifax.  His  first  lady  died  at  the  Cape  of 
Good  Hope,  July  29,  1817  ;  and  his  eldest  son,  at  Winches- 
ter School,  Aug.  27,  in  the  same  year. 

*  The  Spartan  had  only  258  men  and  boys  on  board  at  the  commence- 
ment of  the  action,  19  being  absent  in  a  prize.  The  enemy,  as  we  have 
already  shewn,  mustered  in  the  whole  1108.  Captain  Ayscough,  who 
commanded  the  Success,  had  the  mortification  to  be  becalmed  outside  the 
islands,  whilst  his  brother  officer  was  adding  to  his  well-earned  fame  in  the 
Bay  of  Naples. 

f  It  was  many  years  before  Captain  Brenton  was  pronounced  out  of 
danger  from  the  effects  of  his  wound,  but  which  is  now  considered  to  be 
cured,  though  he  will  never  regain  the  complete  use  of  his  limb. 


270  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

Captain  Edward  Pelham  Brenton,  R.  N.,  is  a  brother  of 
the  subject  of  this  memoir  :  another  brother  held  the  rank  of 
Lieutenant,  and  was  mortally  wounded  when  commanding  an 
attack  made  by  the  boats  of  the  Peterell  sloop  of  war,  upon 
an  enemy's  armed  vessel  near  Barcelona,  in  1799. 

Agents. — Messrs.  Maude. 


;fi.l    :  •'    n  r.OtfttlH 

SIR  ROBERT  MENDS,  KNT. 

Knight  of  the  Royal  Spanish  Order  of  Charles  HI.;  and  late  Commodore 
of  the  Squadron  employed  on  the  African  Station. 

THIS  officer,  we  have  reason  to  believe,  entered  the  naval 
service  without  any  thing  in  the  shape  of  interest  whereby  to 
procure  advancement.  He  lost  an  arm  during  the  American 
war,  previous  to  the  completion  of  his  14th  year,  and  suf- 
fered amputation  twice  before  his  recovery  could  be  hoped 
for*.  In  1786,  we  find  him  serving  on  the  coast  of  Africa, 
in  the  Grampus,  a  50- gun  ship,  bearing  the  broad  pendant  of 
Commodore  Edward  Thompson,  by  whom  himself  and  four 
other  young  gentlemen  were  directed  to  do  duty  as  Lieute- 
nants, wear  a  peculiar  dress  to  distinguish  them  from  the 
other  Midshipmen,  and  form  a  separate  mess  in  a  cabin  al- 
lotted them  for  that  purpose. 

Soon  after  his  return  to  England,  Mr.  Mends  presented  a 
petition  on  his  knees  to  our  late  monarch  at  Windsor  ;  and 
in  consequence  thereof,  was  most  graciously  recommended 
by  his  Majesty  to  Earl  Howe  for  promotion.  Previous,  how- 
ever, to  his  obtaining  a  commission,  in  1789,  he  served  as 
an  Admiralty  Midshipman  on  board  the  Colossus  74,  where 
he  was  allowed  the  sole  use  of  a  cabin  in  order  that  his  si- 
tuation might  be  more  comfortable  to  him  than  it  could 
possibly  have  been  in  a  cockpit  berth. 

Mr.  Mends'  first  appointment  as  a  Lieutenant  was  to  the 
Childers  sloop  of  war,  commanded  by  Captain  (now  Sir 
Robert)  Barlow,  and  stationed  on  the  coast  of  Cornwall  for 
the  suppression  of  smuggling.  Whilst  thus  employed,  he 

t  .  *  Mr.  Mends,  on  being  asked  after  his  recovery  how  he  felt  whilst  the 
surgeon  was  performing  the  painful  operation  of  removing  his  shattered 
limb,  replied,  "  Very  well  until  I  saw  my  arm  lying  on  a  table  beside  me 
I  then  became  sick." 


POST-CAPTAINS   OP    1800.  271 

gave  repeated  earnests  of  that  zeal,  activity,  and  spirit  of 
enterprise,  by  which  he  afterwards  distinguished  himself. 

In  the  action  off  1'Orient,  June  23,  1795,  Mr.  Mends  was  a 
Lieutenant  of  the  Colossus  74,  and  narrowly  escaped  death 
in  consequence  of  applying  the  match  to  a  gun  which  hung 
fire  ;  on  which  occasion  he  was  so  dreadfully  burnt  by  the 
explosion  that  took  place,  as  scarcely  to  have  preserved  any 
skin  on  his  body*. 

On  the  3d  March  1797,  our  officer,  then  commanding  the 
Diligence  of  16  guns,  on  the  Jamaica  station,  fell  in  with,  and 
after  an  action  of  forty -five  minutes,  captured  la  Nativetas,  a 
Spanish  ship  of  500  tons,  16  guns,  and  50  men.  He  subse- 
quently assisted  at  the  capture  of  a  Spanish  armed  packet. 
His  post  commission  bears  date  May  2,  1800;  and  he  con- 
tinued to  serve  in  the  West  Indies,  commanding  successively 
the  Abergavenny  of  54  guns,  Thunderer,  a  third  rate,  and 
Quebec  frigate,  until  the  conclusion  of  the  war.  He  arrived 
at  Plymouth  in  the  Nereide  of  36  guns,  and  was  paid  off  in 
Sept.  1802. 

Early  in  1805,  Captain  Mends  was  appointed  to  the  Sea 
Fencible  service  in  Ireland ;  and  about  Sept.  1808,  to  the 
Arethusa  frigate.  On  the  26th  Nov.  following,  he  captured 
the  General  Ernouf,  a  French  privateer  of  16  guns  and  58 
men.  In  the  following  year,  we  find  him  co-operating  with 
the  Spanish  patriots. 

On  the  15th  March  1809,  a  party  of  seamen  and  marines 
belonging  to  the  Arethusa,  were  landed  under  the  command 
of  Lieutenant  Hugh  Pearson,  and  destroyed  upwards  of 
twenty  heavy  guns,  mounted  on  the  batteries  at  Lequito, 
defended  by  a  detachment  of  French  soldiers,  21  of  whom 
were  made  prisoners,  the  rest  escaped.  The  British  had  only 
3  men  wounded.  A  small  vessel,  laden  with  brandy,  was 
found  in  the  harbour  and  brought  away. 

Captain  Mends  having  received  information  of  two  other 
vessels  being  up  the  river  Andero,  laden  with  brandy  for  the 
French  army  in  Spain,  the  same  party  landed  in  the  evening 
of  the  following  day,  and  finding  them  aground  about  four 
miles  up,  destroyed  their  cargoes,  and  delivered  the  vessels 

:i.i^»;i£Y  fJi-.\  -.0  if.'- 
*  See  Hants  Telegraph,  Jan.  19,  1824,  p.  2,  col.  3. 


272  VOBT-CAPTAIXS  OF  1800. 

to  their  proper  owners,  from  whom  they  had  been  forcibly 
taken. 

On  the  20th,  a  party  under  Lieutenant  Elms  Steele,  des- 
troyed the  guns  at  Baignio,  and  captured  a  vessel  laden  with 
merino  wool ;  whilst  Lieutenant  Fennel  of  the  royal  marines, 
accompanied  by  Mr.  Elliott,  the  Purser,  and  a  boat's  crew, 
ascended  the  mountain  and  destroyed  the  signal-posts.  The 
same  evening,  Lieutenant  Pearson  took  possession  of  the 
batteries  of  the  town  of  Paisance  without  opposition,  and 
destroyed  the  guns  ;  the  small  parties  of  the  enemy  stationed 
at  these  places,  retiring  as  the  British  advanced. 

On  the  6th  April,  1809,  the  Arethusa  joined  the  Amethyst, 
just  as  the  latter  had  silenced  the  fire  of  a  large  French  fri- 
gate, which  soon  after  surrendered  :  an  account  of  this  cap- 
ture will  be  found  in  our  memoir  of  Sir  Michael  Seymour, 
Bart.,  who  commanded  the  Amethyst  on  that  occasion.  Whilst 
proceeding  to  attack  the  enemy's  ship,  a  block  struck  Captain 
Mends  on  the  back  of  his  head,  knocked  him  down,  and  for 
a  short  time  deprived  him  of  his  senses.  The  effects  of  this 
blow  he  felt  and  complained  of  during  the  remainder  of  his 
life  *. 

Captain  Mends  was  afterwards  entrusted  with  the  command 
of  a  squadron  stationed  on  the  north  coast  of  Spain.  On  the 
24th  June,  1810,  after  a  consultation  with  the  Junta  of  As- 
turias,  he  consented  to  embark  the  Spanish  Brigadier-Gene- 
ral Porlier,  and  500  of  his  soldiers,  with  the  intention  of  beat- 
ing up  the  enemy's  quarters  along  the  coasts  of  Canta- 
bria  and  Biscay.  The  result  of  this  expedition  was  the  des- 
truction of  all  the  batteries  (with  the  exception  of  Castro)  from 
St.  Sebastian  to  St.  Andero,  on  which  were  found  altoge- 
ther about  100  pieces  of  heavy  cannon  ;  a  loss  to  the  ene- 
my of  more  than  200  men ;  and  an  addition  of  nearly  300 
volunteers  to  Porlier's  little  army.  Communications  were 
also  opened  with  the  patriots  in  the  interior,  and  that  part 
of  the  sea-coast  now  laid  entirely  bare  of  defence ;  the  zealous 
attachment  of  the  inhabitants  to  the  independence  of  their 
country,  was  ascertained ;  and  two  good  anchorages  for  the 
squadron  in  westerly  gales  were  secured,  until  the  French 
could  re-mount  heavy  cannon  on  the  various  eminences  near 

*  See  Hants  Telegraph,  Jan.  19,  1824. 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1800.  273 

Santona  and  Bermeo,  which  necessarily  occupied  much  time 
and  required  great  labour,  the  country  being  so  extremely 
mountainous,  and  the  roads  so  bad,  as  to  render  carriage  by 
land  almost  impracticable  ;  the  whole  of  which  was  happily 
accomplished  without  the  loss  of  a  man  on  the  part  of  the 
British,  and  only  7  Spaniards  wounded.  The  proceedings 
of  the  seamen  and  marines  landed  from  the  squadron,  will  be 
detailed  in  our  memoir  of  the  Hon.  Captain  Aylmer,  who 
commanded  the  brigade  on  shore. 

Towards  the  latter  end  of  July,  Captain  Mends  received 
the  following  letter  from  the  Junta  of  Gallicia,  dated  on  the 
22d  of  that  month : 

"  Sir. — This  Junta  have  the  satisfaction  of  acknowledging  the  receipt 
of  your  letter  of  yesterday,  in  which  you  have  the  goodness  to  communi- 
cate the  particulars  of  the  expedition  to  Cantabria,  undertaken  by  yourself 
and  General  Porlier,  combining  with  his  operations  the  activity  and  force 
of  the  squadron  under  your  command.  He  has  also  made  a  report  to  this 
Junta,  of  the  great  attention  you  have  been  pleased  to  shew  to  his  officers 
and  people  ;  thus  giving  fresh  and  undeniable  proofs  of  a  generous  pro- 
tection and  support  to  the  just  cause  we  defend,  correspondent  with  the 
noble  sentiments  of  your  nation,  and  magnanimity  of  your  Sovereign. 

"  The  Junta  of  Gallicia,  in  the  name  of  their  government  and  country, 
to  which  they  shall  make  known  your  distinguished  services,  offer  you  in 
return  their  warmest  acknowledgments,  and  are  anxiously  desirous  of  an 
opportunity  of  being  able  to  give  you  irrefragable  proofs  of  their  gratitude, 
high  consideration,  and  of  that  respect  which  you  merit. 

"  Notwithstanding  every  object  of  this  glorious  expedition  which  was 
wished,  could  not  at  the  time  be  accomplished*  still  the  great  advantages 
of  which  it  has  been  productive  are  very  evident,  by  the  annoyance  it  has 
occasioned  to  the  enemy  throughout  the  whole  of  these  coastSj'in  opening 
the  port  of  Santona,  and  compelling  him  to  withdraw  from  other  points, 
where  his  progress  would  have  occasioned  greater  evils. 

"  The  threatened  situation  in  which  this  kingdom  of  Gallicia  stands  in 
all  its  frontiers,  does  not  allow  the  Junta,  at  present,  completely  to  avaij 
themselves  of  all  the  advantages  which  you  and  General  Porlier  have 
opened,  but  of  which  more  favorable  circumstances  will  put  them  in  full 
possession.  But  notwithstanding  the  present  delicate  state  of  affairs,  the 
Junta  had  determined  on  sending  some  aid  and  succours  to  Santona,  which 
the  success  of  the  expedition  has  rendered  unnecessary. 

"  The  Junta  particularly  congratulate  themselves  on  the  prophetic  eu- 
logy which  you  bestow  on  General  Porlier,  and  boast  of  having  a  son  in 
him  so  worthy  of  his  country,  enjoying  the  greatest  satisfaction  that  his 
achievements  and  military  conduct  have  met  with  your  approbation. 

"  The  particular  recommendation  which  you  make  of  the  Captain  Oslara, 
is  very  strong  in  every  sense  of  the  word  ;  and  should  he  have  occasion  to 

VOL.    II.  T 


2/4  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

solicit  any  thing  which  this  Junta  have  the  power  of  bestowing,  they  will 
not  fail  of  giving  you  a  further  proof  of  the  respect  they  bear  to  your  re- 
commendation, in  attending  to  your  wishes. 

"  Finally,  Commodore,  this  Junta  entreat  that  you  would,  in  their 
name,  and  in  that  of  the  whole  Spanish  nation,  make  known  to  the  cap- 
tains, officers,  seamen,  and  marines  of  the  squadron,  the  satisfaction  and 
obligation  which  is  felt  by -them  for  their  great  services,  and  the  valour 
with  which  they  have  accomplished  a  glorious  and  a  useful  enterprise ; 
desiring,  at  the  same  time,  to  acknowledge  the  gratitude  they  feel  for  such 
distinguished  actions. 

"DoN  RAYMOND  DE  CASTRES,?,,  . 

(Signed)  ,,  >  becretaries." 

JOSE  ANTONIO  REWADENGRAA 

On  the  14th  Oct.  following,  Captain  Mends  effected  a 
partial  landing  of  troops,  &c.  at  Gijon,  when  the  enemy  were 
driven  out  of  the  town,  all  the  stores  destroyed,  and  the  can- 
non thrown  into  the  sea.  Early  in  the  following  year,  he 
was  appointed  to  the  command  of  the  prison  ships  stationed 
at  Portsmouth  ;  where  he  continued  till  the  conclusion  of  the 
war.  On  the  25th  May,  1815,  the  honor  of  knighthood  was 
conferred  upon  him  on  his  obtaining  permission  to  wear  the 
Cross  of  the  Spanish  Order  of  Charles  III.  In  April,  1816, 
the  pension  granted  him  for  the  loss  of  his  arm  (originally 
seven  pounds)  was  encreased  to  300/.  per  annum. 

Sir  Robert  Mends  obtained  the  chief  command  on  the 
coast  of  Africa,  in  June  1821 ;  and  died  on  board  the  Owen 
Glendower  frigate  at  Cape  Coast,  Sept.  4, 1823.  An  attack 
of  cholera  morbus  had  for  the  two  preceding  days  slightly 
incapacitated  him  from  his  usual  active  attention  to  his  duty; 
and  on  his  partial  recovery,  he  was  proceeding  from  his 
cabin  to  the  quarter-deck,  in  conversation  with  his  eldest  son, 
when  he  was  seized  with  an  apoplectic  fit,  from  which  he 
never  recovered. 

This  lamented  officer  married,  Sept.  29,  1802,  a  daughter 
of  the  late  James  Butler,  Esq.,  of  Bagshot,  Surrey.  His 
brother,  W.  Bowen  Mends,  Esq.,  is  a  Captain,  R.  N. 
Another  brother  holds  a  situation  under  government  in  North 
America.  _ 

FRANCIS  WILLIAM  AUSTEN,  ESQ. 

A  Companion  of  the  most  Honorable  Military  Order  of  the  Bath. 
THIS  officer  is  a  son  of  the  late  Rev.  George  Austen,  Rec- 
tor of  Steventon   in   Hampshire,   by  Cassandra,  youngest 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1800;  275 

daughter  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Leigh,  formerly  Rector  of 
Harpsden,  or  Harden,  near  Henley  on  Thames,  Oxfordshire  *. 
He  was  born  at  Steventon,  April  23,  1774  ;  and  admitted 
a  student  at  the  Royal  Naval  Academy,  April  15,  1786. 
Whilst  there,  he  applied  so  closely  to  his  studies,  and  behaved 
in  so  exemplary  a  manner,  as  to  obtain  from  the  Lords  of  the 
Admiralty,  (to  whom  his  good  conduct  had  been  officially  re- 
ported) a  recommendation  to  the  Hon.  Commodore  Corn- 
wallis  for  promotion,  as  soon  as  his  time  should  be  com- 
pleted, -ciijfrjskl  .ti 

Mr.  Austen  embarked  as  a  Midshipman  on  board  the  Per- 
severance frigate,  about  the  latter  end  of  1788 ;  and  served 
in  that  ship,  the  Crown  64,  and  Minerva  of  38  guns,  on  the 
East  India  station,  till  Dec.  28,  1792,  when  he  was  advanced 
to  the  rank  of  Lieutenant.  From  that  period  we  find  him 
serving  successively  in  the  Dispatch  armed  brig  ;  Minerva  ; 
Lark  sloop  ;  Andromeda  of  32  guns  ;  Prince  George  and 
Glory,  second  rates ;  Shannon,  Triton,  and  Seahorse  frigates  j 
and  London  of  98  guns;  under  the  respective  commands  of 
Captain  John  Whitby,  Commodore  Cornwallis,  Captains 
Josias  Rowley,  Thomas  Sotheby,  William  Taylor,  James 
Bowen,  Alexander  Fraser,  John  Gore,  Edward  J.  Foote,  and 
J.  Child  Purvis  f. 

*  Captain  Austen  is  descended  by  his  father's  side,  from  an  old  and  res- 
pectable family  long  settled  in  Kent,  at  present  represented  by  Thomas 
Austen,  Esq.,  of  Kippington,  near  Seven  Oaks,  late  a  Colonel  in  the  army. 
His  mother  was  a  descendant  from  the  noble  family  of  Leigh,  proprietors 
of  Stoneleigh  Abbey,  Staffordshire. 

t-Mr.  Austen  was  first  Lieutenant  of  all  the  above  vessels  except  the 
Minerva,  Prince  George,  and  Glory.  The  Lark  formed  part  of  the  squa- 
dron sent  to  escort  H.  S.  H.  the  Princess  Caroline  of  Brunswick  from 
Cuxhavcn  to  England ;  she  also  assisted  at  the  evacuation  of  Ostend  and 
Nieuport  by  the  British  troops.  The  Andromeda  was  employed  convoy- 
ing the  trade  to  and  from  Elsineur.  The  Prince  George  bore  Rear-Ad- 
miral  Christian's  flag,  which  was  afterwards  removed  to  the  Glory,  in  con- 
sequence of  the  damages  sustained  by  the  former  ship  when  attempting  to 
clear  the  Channel,  in  Nov.  1 795  J.  The  Triton,  whose  commander  had 
been  a  Lieutenant  of  the  Perseverance  when  Mr.  Austen  belonged  to  that 
ship,  was  concerned  in  the  capture  of  five  French  privateers,  and  destroyed 
several  of  the  enemy's  coasting  vessels.  The  London  formed  part  of  the 
fleet  under  Earl  St.  Vincent,  employed  in  the  blockade  of  Cadiz. 

J  See  p.  96,  et  teq. 

T    2 


276  POST-CAPTAINS  OP  1800, 

On  the  3d  Feb.  1799,  Lieutenant  Austen  was  promoted  to 
the  rank  of  Commander,  in  the  Peterel  sloop  of  war  at  Gibral- 
tar. In  this  vessel  he  was  employed  affording  protection  to 
the  Mediterranean  trade,  carrying  despatches,  and  occasion- 
ally cruising  amongst  the  Balearic  islands,  on  the  coast  of 
Catalonia,  and  in  the  gulfs  of  Lyons  and  Genoa,  where  he 
captured  and  destroyed  upwards  of  forty  vessels  of  various 
descriptions.  Whilst  performing  these  services,  the  Peterel 
was  repeatedly  exposed  to  a  heavy  fire  from  the  enemies' 
batteries  ;  and  on  one  occasion  had  her  first  Lieutenant  mor- 
tally wounded  *.  He  also  assisted  at  the  capture  of  a  French 
squadron  returning  from  Egypt,  in  July  1799  f. 

On  the  21st  March,  1800,  Captain  Austen,  whilst  cruising 
near  Marseilles,  under  the  orders  of  Captain  Oliver,  of  the 
Mermaid  frigate,  fell  in  with  and  attacked  three  French  na- 
tional vessels,  two  of  which,  le  Cerf,  a  ship  mounting  fourteen 
6-pounders,  and  le  Joilliet,  a  xebec  of  6  guns,  were  driven  on 
the  rocks,  where  the  former  was  totally  wrecked ;  the  third> 
la  Ligurienne,  a  brig  of  fourteen  brass  6-poundersy  two  36-pr. 
howitzers,  of  the  same  metal,  and  104  men,  was  obliged  to 
surrender,  after  a  running  fight  of  about  an  hour  and  a  half ; 
during  which  the  Peterel  was  never  more  than  a  cable's 
length  from  the  shore,  and  frequently  not  half  that  distance. 
This  service  was  performed  under  a  heavy  fire  from  a  battery 
of  four24-pounders ;  and  fortunately,  without  the  loss  of  a  inau 
on  our  side.  La  Ligurienne  had  her  commander  and  1  man 
killed,  a  midshipman  and  1  seaman  wounded.  Captain  Oliver 
was  in  sight  to  leeward,  but  out  of  gun-shot ;  the  following 
is  an  extract  from  his  official  letter  to  Lord  Keith  :  "  At  one 
time  the  PetereVs  stern  touched  a  rock,  where  she  stopped 

*  The  officer  alluded  to  was  Lieutenant  Brenton,  brother  of  the  present 
Captains  Sir  Jahleel  and  Edward  Pelham  Breuton.  He  was  unfortunately 
shot  through  the  breast  in  a  daring  attempt  to  capture  an  armed  vessel  near 
Barcelona,  see  p.  270. 

"t  The  French  squadron  consisted  of  three  frigates  and  two  brigs,  whose 
names  appear  in  Vol.  I.  at  p.  267.  They  were  first  discovered  and  chased 
by  the  fleet  under  Lord  Keith;  but  only  four  74's,  five  frigates,  and  the 
Peterel,  were  present  at  their  capture.  Since  we  published  Admiral  Mark- 
ham's  memoir,  we  have  been  credibly  informed  that  that  officer  was  fortui- 
tously the  senior  present :  he  had  not  been  entrusted  with  the  command  of 
a  squadron. 


POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1800.  277 

for  a  few  minutes.  It  is  impossible  for  me  to  express  in 
terms  strong  enough,  the  gallant  conduct  of  Captain  Austen, 
his  officers,  and  ship's  company,  on  this  occasion,  in  a  contest 
against  so  superior  a  force  *." 

The  Peterel  was  subsequently  employed  blockading  Genoa, 
and  stationed  for  a  considerable  time  as  the  advanced  ship  of 
Lord  Keith's  squadron,  with  directions  never  to  be  more 
than  three  miles  distant  from  the  mole-head,  whether  by  day 
or  night.  The  manner  in  which  those  orders  were  obeyed 
may  be  inferred  from  the  circumstance  of  her  having  been 
twice  fired  at  by  the  British  gun-boats  ;  their  officers  imagin- 
ing, from  her  closeness  to  the  shore,  that  she  was  an  enemy's 
vessel  attempting  to  enter  the  port.  It  is  almost  superfluous 
to  add,  that  Captain  Austen  received  the  Admiral's  thanks 
for  his  zeal  and  diligence  in  so  arduous  and  anxious  a  si- 
tuation. 

After  the  surrender  of  Genoa,  in  June  1800  f,  Captain 
Austen  was  sent  to  join  Sir  W.  Sidney  Smith  on  the  coast  of 
Egypt.  In  Aug.  following,  he  rendered  an  important  service 
to  the  allied  forces,  by  preventing  the  French  from  landing 
the  ordnance  of  a  Turkish  80-gun  ship,  which  had  grounded 
bn  a  reef  between  Aboukir  Castle  and  Bequiere  island. 
Indjee  Bey,  her  commander,  with  part  of  his  crew,  surren- 
dered to  the  enemy ;  the  remainder  escaped  to  two  Ottoman 
corvettes,  and  refused  to  give  the  English  sloop  any  assistance, 
saying  they  had  saved  their  clothes,  and  that  they  could  not 
think  of  exposing  themselves  to  the  fire  of  the  Frenchmen, 
who  had  obtained  possession  of  their  ship,  and  were  removing 
her  guns  into  some  djerms  at  the  time  Captain  Austen  arrived 
to  their  aid.  The  Peterel  anchored  within  gun-shot,  com- 
pelled the  enemy,  about  300  in  number,  to  abandon  their 
intention,  and  succeeded  in  setting  fire  to  the  ship  ;  by  which 

*  According  to  JAMES,  the  Peterel  mounted  sixteen  long  6-pounders, 
and  eight  12-pr.  carronades,  with  a  complement  of  120  men.  Captain 
Austen,  in  his  report  of  the  action,  noticed  the  previous  capture  of  two 
vessels  laden  with  wheat,  which  had  sailed  from  Cette  that  morning  under 
protection  of  le  Cerf  and  her  consorts  j  and  the  absence  of  his  first  Lieu- 
tenant, gunner,  and  30  men,  in  prizes.  He  also  described  laLigurienne  as 
a  very  fine  brig,  built  on  a  peculiar  plan,  being  fastened  throughout  with 
screw  bolts,  so  as  to  be  taken  to  pieces  and  set  up  again  with  ease, 
f  See  Vol.  I.  p.  53. 


POST-CAFFAINS    OF    1800. 

she  was  soon  consumed  to  the  water's  edge.  For  his  conduct 
on  this  occasion,  our  officer  was  presented  by  the  Capitan 
Pacha,  with  a  rich  sabre  and  pelisse.  On  the  20th  Oct.  in 
the  same  year,  he  received  the  first  intelligence  of  his  pro- 
motion to  post  rank,  for  his  action  off  Marseilles,  from  Cap- 
tain Inglis,  by  whom  he  was  succeeded  in  the  command  of 
the  Peterel  at  Rhodes.  His  commission  bears  date  May  13, 
1800. 

On  his  return  to  England,  in  the  spring  of  1801,  Captain 
Austen  found  his  friend  Vice-Admiral  Gambier  was  about  to 
assume  a  command  in  the  Channel  fleet,  and  had  applied  for 
him  to  be  appointed  his  Captain  in  the  Neptune  of  98  guns  *. 
Circumstances,  not  necessary  to  be  detailed  here,  prevented 
him  joining  that  ship  till  September  following ;  from  which 
period  he  continued  to  command  her  till  Oct.  1802,  when  he 
was  superseded  by  Captain  Drury,  and  at  the  same  time 
declined  the  offer  of  a  frigate  made  him  by  Earl  St.  Vin- 
cent f. 

At  the  renewal  of  hostilities  in  1803,  Captain  Austen  was 
appointed  to  embody  and  command  a  corps  of  Sea  Fencibles 
at  Ramsgate,  where  he  remained  ten  months.  In  May 
1804,  he  received  a  commission  for  the  Leopard,  a  50-gun 
ship,  bearing  the  flag  of  Rear- Admiral  Louis,  with  whom  he 
served  during  the  remainder  of  that  year,  off  Boulogne ;  and 
afterwards  removed  into  the  Canopus  of  80  guns,  on  the  Me- 
diterranean station ;  the  Rear-Admiral  having  been  sent 
thither  at  the  particular  request  of  Lord  Nelson,  who  in  a 
letter  to  Earl  Moira  (now  Marquis  of  Hastings),  written 
about  this  period,  makes  the  following  mention  of  Captain 
Austen : 

"  You  may  rely  upon  every  attention  in  ray  power  to  Captain  Austen. 
I  hope  to  see  him  alongside  a  French  80-gun  ship,  and  he  cannot  be  better 
placed  than  in  the  Canopus,  which  was  once  a  French  Admiral's  ship,  and 
struck  to  me.  Captain  Austen  I  knew  a  little  of  before;  he  is  an  excellent 
young  man." 

The  Canopus  accompanied  Lord  Nelson  to  the  West  Indies, 

*  Lord  Gambier  and  the  late  Sir  H.  Martin,  Comptroller  of  the  Navy, 
were  Captain  Austen's  first  naval  patrons. 

•f  The  Neptune  was  paid  off  at  the  peace  in  April  1802,  and  re-com* 
missioned  as  a  guard-ship  at  Portsmouth  by  Captain  Austen. 


POST- CAFf  AIMS    O?    1800.  279 

in  pursuit  of  the  combined  squadrons  of  France  and  Spain, 
and  continued  under  his  orders  till  Aug.  15,  1805,  the  day 
on  which  his  Lordship  formed  a  junction  with  Admiral  Corn- 
wallis  off  Ushant  *  ;  from  whence  she  was  sent  with  a  strong 
detachment  under  Sir  Robert  Calder  in  quest  of  the  enemy, 
and  having  joined  Vice-Admiral  Collingwood  near  Cadiz,  re- 
mained at  the  head  of  the  advanced  squadron,  watching  that 
port  till  Nelson  arrived  from  England  and  resumed  the  chief 
command  of  the  Mediterranean  fleet,  when  Rear-Admiral 
Louis  was  detached  to  Tetuan  and  Gibraltar  with  the  Gano- 
pus,  Spencer,  Queen,  Tigre,  and  Zealous,  for  the  purpose  of 
procuring  supplies  of  water  and  provisions.  During  the  ab- 
sence of  this  squadron,  the  combined  forces  put  to  sea,  and 
the  glorious  battle  of  Trafalgar  took  place.  Captain  Austen 
was  thus  unfortunately  deprived  of  the  opportunity  of  sharing 
in  that  most  brilliant  victory :  an  event  which  appears  to 
have  been  anticipated  by  the  Rear-Admiral,  who,  when  taking 
leave  of  the  commander-in-chief,  expressed  his  reluctance  to 
gOj  saying,  "  I  know,  my  Lord,  the  enemy  will  come  out, 
you  will  have  an  action,  and  we  shall  be  thrown  out."  "  My 
dear  Louis,"  replied  his  Lordship,  "  I  have  no  other  means 
of  keeping  my  fleet  supplied,  but  by  sending  them  a  few  at 
a  time  to  compleat,  and  I  send  you  first,  because  I  would 
have  you  with  me  in  the  day  of  battle  ;  I  consider  your  squa- 
dron as  my  right  hand :  the  enemy  will  come  out,  and  we 
shall  fight  them,  I  am  confident  of  that ;  but  you  will  be  back 
first, — so  make  yourself  easy  :  I  need  not  tell  you  to  make 
haste  back."  jvfiw'h 

We  have  related  the  substance  of  the  last  conversation  that 
ever  took  place  between  Nelson  and  Rear-Admiral  Louis, 
lest  our  account  of  the  battle  of  Trafalgar  should  be  consi- 
dered by  others  as  calculated  to  convey  a  wrong  impression, 
and  one  not  very  creditable  to  the  latter  officer.  We  beg 
leave  to  add,  his  Lordship  did  not  detach  the  Canopus  and 
her  companions  on  a  particular  service^,  in  the  common 
acceptation  of  those  terms,  but  simply  to  compleat  their  water 
and  provisions.  This  service  was  completed  on  the  third  day 
after  they  had  passed  the  Streights  j  and  Rear-Admiaal  Louis 

*  See  Vol.  I.  note  at  p.  589,  ft  seq. 
''••'  'f 'See  VoJ.  I.  line  14  of  note  at  p.  202. 


280  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

only  waited  for  a  wind  to  carry  him  back  through  the  Gut, 
when  a  valuable  convoy  arrived  from  England,  which  he  re- 
ceived orders  to  escort  past  Carthagena,  where  nine  sail  of 
the  line  were  lying  ready  for  sea.  The  squadron  actually 
sailed  from  Gibraltar  for  this  latter  purpose,  the  very  day  M. 
Villeneuve  quitted  Cadiz.  As  to  the  open  manner  *  in  which 
we  have  stated  the  Rear- Admiral  to  have  been  detached,  we 
merely  alluded  to  the  impossibility  of  such  a  squadron  reach- 
ing Gibraltar  without  being  seen  by  the  Spaniards  at  Alge- 
ziras ;  from  whence  notice  of  its  arrival  at  the  rock  would  of 
course  be  immediately  transmitted  to  Cadiz. 

Rear-Admiral  Louis  was  subsequently  employed  watching 
the  remnant  of  the  combined  fleets,  under  the  orders  of  Sir 
John  T.  Duckworth,  who  left  his  station  late  in  November  to 
pursue  a  French  squadron,  which  had  chased  the  Lark  sloop 
of  war  near  Madeira.  Gaining  no  information  of  the  enemy 
at  that  island,  nor  off  the  Canaries,  Sir  John  was  returning 
towards  Cadiz,  when  at  day-break  on  the  25th  Dec.,  six  sail 
of  the  line  and  a  frigate  were  discovered  about  four  leagues 
distant  to  the  eastward.  The  English  squadron,  consisting 
of  the  Superb,  Canopus,  Spencer,  Donegal,  Powerful,  and 
Agamemnon,  two  deckers,  Acasta  and  Amethyst  frigates, 
chased  the  enemy  till  the  following  day  at  noon,  when  they 
effected  their  escape ;  and  Sir  John  T.  Duckworth,  in  con- 
sequence of  his  ships  having  been  run  so  far  to  leeward,  and 
being  in  general  short  of  water,  determined,  after  despatching 
the  Powerful  to  the  Cape  of  Good  Hope  and  the  East  Indies, 
and  the  Amethyst  to  England,  to  proceed  with  the  remainder 
to  Barbadoes,  where  he  arrived  on  the  10th  Jan.  1806  f. 

*  See  Vol.  I.  line  15  of  note  at  p.  202. 

f  Having  stated  in  our  first  volume,  page  345,  that  Sir  John  T.  Duck- 
worth had  been  sent  by  Lord  Colliugwood  in  quest  of  a  squadron  which 
had  sailed  from  France  to  relieve  St.  Domingo,  and  that  the  Powerful  was 
despatched  from  the  Leeward  Islands  to  the  East  Indies,  we  lose  no  time 
in  correcting  those  errors  (into  which  Mr.  JAMES  has  likewise  fallen). 
Neither  Lord  Collingwood  nor  Sir  John  T.  Duckworth  had  heard  of  the 
sailing  of  any  such  squadron  so  destined ;  and  the  latter  merely  went  to 
the  West  Indies,  in  consequence  of  the  impossibility  of  regaining  his  station 
without  previously  procuring  supplies.  Lord  Collingwood  was  much  dis- 
pleased when  he  heard  of  his  departure  from  before  Cadiz.  The  Powerful 
was  detached  from  off  the  Cape  de  Verd  Island?,  as  stated  in  the  text  above. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800.  281 

From  Carlisle  Bay,  Sir  John  T.  Duckworth  proceeded  to 
St,  Kitt's,  where  he  commenced  watering  and  refitting  his 
ships ;  intending,  as  he  heard  nothing  of  an  enemy  in  that 
quarter,  to  return  as  expeditiously  as  possible  to  his  proper 
station.  On  the  1st  Feb.,  however,  Captain  N.  D.  Cochrane 
arrived  in  the  short  space  of  twenty-four  hours  from  St! 
Thomas's,  with  intelligence  of  a  French  squadron  being  at 
St.  Domingo.  Sir  John  T.  Duckworth,  reinforced  by  Sir 
Alexander  Cochrane  with  the  Northumberland  and  Atlas  74's, 
a  frigate  and  two  sloops,  immediately  sailed  thither  ;  and  on 
the  6th,  attacked  and  defeated  the  enemy,  capturing  three  sail 
of  the  line,  and  destroying  a  3-decker  and  an  84-gun  ship. 
In  this  action  the  Canopus  had  8  men  killed  and  22  wounded. 
After  refitting  at  Jamaica,  she  sailed  in  company  with  the 
Spencer,  Donegal,  and  the  prizes,  for  Plymouth,  where  she 
arrived  at  the  latter  end  of  April. 

For  his  conduct  in  the  battle  off  St.  Domingo,  Captain 
Austen  received  a  gold  medal,  the  thanks  of  both  Houses  of 
Parliament,  and  a  vase,  value  one  hundred  pounds,  from  the 
Patriotic  Fund  at  Lloyd's.  He  left  the  Canopus  June  22, 
1806,  and  did  not  serve  again  till  the  beginning  of  April  1807, 
when  he  was  appointed  to  the  St.  Albans  of  64  guns ;  in  which 
ship  he  convoyed  five  East  Indiamen  to  the  Cape  of  Good 
Hope,  from  whence  he  returned  home  in  company  with  the 
Lion  64,  and  a  valuable  fleet  of  Chinamen.  In  the  ensuing 
year,  we  find  him  escorting  another  fleet  from  St.  Helena  to 
England ;  and  subsequently  a  number  of  transports,  having 
on  board  about  2000  troops,  commanded  by  General  Anstru- 
ther,  to  the  coast  of  Portugal,  where  this  reinforcement  was 
landed  just  in  time  to  assist  at  the  battle  of  Vimieraj 
after  which  Captain  Austen  superintended  the  embarkation  of 
the  wounded  men  belonging  to  Sir  Arthur  Wellesley's  army, 
and  conducted  them  in  safety  to  Oporto.  On  his  return  to 
Spithead,  he  was  ordered  to  the  North  Sea  ;  but  soon  after 
removed  from  that  station,  in  consequence  of  his  ship  re- 
quiring to  be  docked.  The  next  service  he  performed,  was 
that  of  superintending  the  debarkation  at  Portsmouth  of  those 
brave  troops  who  had  survived  Sir  John  Moore's  disastrous 
campaign  in  Spain. 

In  April  1809,   Captain  Austen  sailed  with  seven  of  the 


£82  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

East  India  Company's  ships  tinder  his  protection  for  China, 
where  he  arrived  in  September  ;  and,  pursuant  to  his  orders, 
remained  to  convoy  them  home.  A  dispute  with  the  Chinese 
caused  a  total  suspension  of  the  trade  for  six  weeks,  but  was 
at  length  happily  settled  without  any  compromise  of  our  na- 
tional honor;  and  the  St.  Albans  with  her  valuable  charge, 
consisting  of  thirteen  ships,  worth  nearly  two  millions  ster- 
ling, took  her  departure  on  the  2d  March,  and  arrived  in  the 
Powns  at  the  end  of  July  1810.  Captain  Austen's  conduct 
on  this  occasion,  and  the  remonstrances  presented  by  him  to 
the  Chinese  government,  were  highly  approved  by  the  Ad- 
miralty ;  and  the  Court  of  Directors  voted  him  1000  guineas, 
as  a  testimony  of  the  sense  they  entertained  of  his  attention 
to  the  interests  of  the  Honorable  Company. 

Our  officer  continued  in  the  St.  Albans  till  Sept.  1810, 
when  he  accepted  an  offer  from  Lord  Gambier,  to  become  his 
Captain  in  the  Caledonia,  a  first  rate,  which  ship  he  joined 
at  Spithead  about  November  following.  From  that  period 
until  the  expiration  of  his  Lordship's  command,  he  was  em- 
ployed in  Basque  Roads,  and  cruising  off  the  French  coast. 
,  In  July  1811,  Captain  Austen  was  appointed  to  the  Ele- 
phant 74,  attached  to  the  North  Sea  fleet,  commanded  by 
Admiral  Young.  During  the  winter  of  1812,  he  was  sent 
with  the  Phcebe  and  Hermes  under  his  orders,  to  cruise  off 
the  Western  Islands  ;  where,  in  company  with  the  latter  ves- 
sel, he  captured  the  Sword  Fish,  an  American  privateer  of 
twelve  6-pounders  and  82  men.  The  Elephant  was  subse- 
quently stationed  in  the  Baltic,  from  whence  she  returned  in 
Dec.  1813.  She  was  put  out  of  commission  in  May  folio  wing, 
and  Captain  Austen  has  ever  since  been  on  half  pay.  He 
was  nominated  a  Companion  of  the  Bath,  at  the  extension  of 
that  order  in  1815. 

Captain  Austen  even  when  a  boy,  was  very  fond  of  prac- 
tical astronomy  and  hydrography,  and  his  taste  for  the  latter 
science  led  him  on  all  possible  occasions  to  employ  his  lei- 
sure hours  in  making  surveys  of  the  various  places  he  visited, 
of  which  there  are  several  specimens  in  the  Hydrographical 
Office. 

He  married,  in  July  1806,  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  John 
Gibson,  Esq.,  of  Ramsgate.  That  lady  died  July  13,  1823, 


POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1800.  283 

leaving  issue  six  sons  and  five  daughters.  His  eldest  son  is 
now  serving  as  a  Midshipman  on  board  the  Revenge  78, 
bearing  the  flag  of  Sir  Harry  Neale,  in  the  Mediterranean. 

Captain  Austen  has  two  brothers  living  ;  one,  a  clergyman, 
took  the  sirname  of  Knight,  on  succeeding  to  considerable 
property  in  Kent  and  Hampshire.  The  other  is  a  Post- 
Captain  of  1810.  Another  brother  (deceased)  was  in  holy 
orders. 

Agent. —     


BENDALL  ROBERT  LITTLEHALES,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  is  the  second  son  of  the  late  Baker  John  Little- 
hales,  of  Moulsey  House,  Surrey,  Esq.,  a  Barrister  at  Law, 
by  Maria,  daughter  and  sole  heiress  of  Bendall  Martyn,  Esq. 
His  elder  brother,  Edward,  formerly  a  Lieutenant -Colonel  in 
the  army,  was  created  a  Baronet  of  Great  Britain,  as  a  reward 
for  various  important  services  in  Ireland,  Sept.  2,  1802  j  and 
obtained  the  Royal  permission  to  assume  the  surname  of 
Baker  only,  Jan.  6,  1817- 

He  entered  the  naval  service  at  an  early  age,  as  a  Midship- 
man, on  board  the  Vigilant  64,  under  the  protection  and  com- 
mand of  Captain  (afterwards  Sir  Robert)  Kingsmill ;  and  at 
a  period  (early  in  1778)  when  the  insidious  conduct  of  France 
caused  this  country,  already  engaged  in  a  war  with  her  Ame- 
rican colonies,  to  make  preparations  for  a  long,  severe,  and 
bloody  contest  with  her  ancient  European  rivals. 

The  Vigilant  had  2  men  killed  and  3  wounded  in  the  action 
between  Keppel  and  d'Orvilliers  *.  At  the  conclusion  of  the 
same  year,  she  was  ordered  to  the  West  Indies  f,  where  Mr. 
Littlehales  removed  into  the  Royal  Oak  74;  which  ship 
formed  part  of  Vice- Admiral  Byron's  fleet,  and  sustained  a 
loss  of  4  men  slain  and  12  wounded,  in  the  battle  off  Grenada, 
July  6,  1779J-  From  that  date  he  was  almost  constantly 
employed  in  different  ships  and  on  various  stations,  till  his 
promotion  to  the  rank  of  Lieutenant,  in  Sept.  1790;  soon 

*  See  Vol.  I.  note  t  at  195,  et  teg. 

t  Captain  Kingsmill  having  resigned  his  command,  was  superseded  by 
the  late  Sir  Digby  Deut,  who  died  in  181 7. 

I  See  p.  50  et  seq.,  of  the  present  volume. 


284  POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1800. 

after  which  he  joined  his  friend  Captain  Kingsmill  in  the 
Duke  of  90  guns  *. 

In  1793  Mr.  Littlehales  was  appointed  first  Lieutenant  of 
the  Rose  frigate,  at  the  particular  request  of  her  gallant  com- 
mander, the  late  Captain  Edward  Riou  f,  with  whom  he  pro- 
ceeded to  the  West  Indies,  in  company  with  the  expedition 
under  Sir  John  Jervis  and  Sir  Charles  Grey.  On  that  station 
he  saw  and  assisted  at  much  service  both  on  shore  and  afloat, 
particularly  at  the  siege  of  Martinique ;  during  which  he 
served  in  one  of  the  batteries  on  Point  Carriere,  and  assisted 
at  the  storming  of  Fort  Louis,  against  which  they  had  been 
erected  £. 

Soon  after  this  dashing  exploit,  Lieutenant  Littlehales  re- 
moved with  Captain  Riou  into  the  Beaulieu  of  40  guns ; 
which  ship  having  lost  7  officers  and  a  proportionate  num- 
ber of  men  by  the  yellow  fever  in  less  than  three  months, 
was  sent  to  Halifax  in  order  to  get  rid  of  that  dreadful  ma- 
lady. After  heaving  down  and  refitting  there,  she  cruised 
for  some  time  with  considerable  success  on  the  coast  of  Vir- 

•  In  1784,  Mr.  Littlehales,  then  belonging  to  the  Salisbury  of  50  guns, 
stationed  at  Newfoundland,  was  placed  under  a  Lieutenant  in  the  Laurens, 
a  brig  of  between  70  and  80  tons,  with  a  crew  of  only  12  men,  employed, 
\ve  believe,  as  a  tender  to  the  flag-ship.  Whilst  lying  to,  during  a  heavy 
gale  of  wind,  on  her  return  from  the  coast  of  Labrador  to  St.  John's,  a 
tremendous  sea  struck  and  laid  this  little  vessel  on  her  beam  ends,  thereby 
obliging  our  officer  and  his  companions  to  get  on  her  weather  broadside, 
where  they  continued  for  some  time  in  the  most  imminent  peril,  expecting 
every  moment  either  to  be  washed  off  or  go  to  the  bottom  with  their  brig. 
Fortunately,  however,  they  succeeded  in  cutting  away  the  laniards  of  her 
lower  rigging,  and  the  masts  going  soon  after,  she  righted  sufficiently  to 
allow  them  to  replace  the  ballast  which  had  shifted.  After  enduring  very 
great  privations,  in  consequence  of  their  slender  stock  of  provisions,  and 
being  driven  by  the  fury  of  the  storm  above  100  leagues  from  the  land, 
they  were  at  length,  by  a  fortunate  shift  of  wind,  and  the  aid  of  some  sails 
belonging  to  their  only  boat,  the  loss  of  which  and  every  other  buoyant 
article,  had  left  them  no  other  alternative  but  to  share  their  vessel's  fate, 
enabled  to  regain  the  island,  and  with  the  assistance  of  boats  from  the 
shore,  to  reach  the  bay  of  Bulls  in  safety. 

f  The  same  officer  who  commanded  and  saved  the  Guardian  in  1789. 
He  fell  in  the  battle  of  Copenhagen,  April  2,  1801.  He  was  a  most  clear- 
headed, skilful,  and  brave  officer. 

I  See  Vol.  I.  note  at  p.  859. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF  1800.  285 

ghria ;  and  then  returned  to  the  Leeward  Islands,  where 
Lieutenant  Littlehales  again  distinguished  himself  by  volun- 
teering to  board  and  destroy  a  French  store-ship,  lying  aground 
under  the  protection  of  a  land  battery  :  the  circumstance  is 
thus  alluded  to  in  a  letter  from  the  late  Captain  Westcott,  of 
the  Majestic  74,  bearing  the  flag  of  Vice- Admiral  Caldwell, 
(then  commander-in-chief  pro  tempore  at  the  Caribbees)  to 
Captain  Riou's  sister  : 

"  Your  brother  sent  me  the  enclosed  letter  to  wait  for  the  first  packet' 
since  which  we  have  been  cruising  offPoint  aPitre,  Guadaloupe;  and  the 
day  after  our  arrival  there,  I  had  the  pleasure  to  see  the  Beaulicu  anchor 
against  a  battery  at  St.  Franqois,  and  a  large  French  ordnance  store-ship 
of  18  guns,  that  had  run  there  a  few  hours  before  for  protection.  Your 
brother  with  the  guns  cleared  the  way,  and  Littlehales  boarded  the  ship 
with  a  hawser  from  the  Beaulieu,  and  tried  to  heave  her  off;  but  finding  her 
aground  and  iramoveable,  he  took  out  the  prisoners  and  set  her  on  fire. 
He  went  on  this  service  himself,  being  about  two  leagues  to  windward  of 
the  squadron,  and  performed  it  in  a  way  that  was  the  admiration  of  all 
those  who  could  only  look  on.  *  *  *  * 

(Signed)  "  G.  B.  WESTCOTT." 

For  this  service,  performed  immediately  under  the  eye  of 
the  commander-in-chief,  Mr.  Littlehales  was  removed  into 
the  Majestic  on  promotion ;  but  unfortunately  no  vacancy 
occurred  previous  to  Vice-Admiral  Caldwell  being  superseded 
by  Sir  John  Laforey.  He  therefore  returned  to  England  with 
the  former  officer  as  his  flag  Lieutenant,  in  the  Blanche  fri- 
gate, and  arrived  at  Spithead  July  29,  1/95. 

Shortly  after  his  return,  the  subject  of  this  memoir  was  ap- 
pointed first  Lieutenant  of  the  Amazon  frigate,  at  the  parti- 
cular request  of  Captain  (afterwards  Rear-Admiral)  R.  C. 
Reynolds,  with  whom  he  was  most  actively  and  successfully 
employed  cruising  with  the  squadrons  under  Sir  W.  Sidney 
Smith  and  Sir  Edward  Pellew,  till  Jan.  14,  1797 ;  on  which 
day  the  Amazon  was  wrecked  in  Hodierne  bay,  after  a  gallant 
action  with  les  Droits  de  I'Homme,  a  French  80-gun  ship  *. 
As  Captain  Reynolds's  official  letter  on  this  occasion  was 
never  published  in  the  London  Gazette,  we  here  present  our 

readers  with  a  copy  thereof: 

"  Quimper,  Jan.  20,  1797. 

"  Sir. — It  is  with  inexpressible  concern  that  I  have  to  acquaint  you,  for 
the  information  of  their  Lordships,  of  the  fate  of  his  Majesty's  ship  Aaia- 


*  See  Vol.  I,  p.  217,  ct  seq. 


286  posT-cApTAfNs  OF  1800; 

zon,  wrecked  on  the  French  coast  in  Hodierne  bay,  on  the  14th  instant. 
Their  Lordships  are  already  acquainted,  by  Sir  E.  Pellew,  of  our  shattered 
condition  towards  the  end  of  our  united  action  with  les  Droits  de  1'Homme, 
a  French  man-of-war,  commanded  by  Capt.  (ci-devant  Baron)  Le  Cross. 
The  various  situations  and  changes  incident  to  so  long  an  action,  I  forbear 
to  mention ;  Sir  E.  Pellew  having  unquestionably  done  it  in  a  better  man- 
ner than  I  am  able.    The  Amazon  began  to  engage  about  seven  o'clock  in 
the  evening  on  the  13th,  an  hour  after  Sir  Edward  had  gallantly  com- 
menced the  action,  and  continued  a  running  fight  until  live  the  next  morn- 
ing, which  brought  us  forty  leagues  from  where  we  began  the  chase,  near 
the  French  coast ;  and  the  wind  blowing  strong  directly  upon  the  shore,  in 
the  eagerness  of  pursuit,  and  during  the  heat  of  battle,  we  were  unable 
accurately  to  calculate  the  distance  we  had  run ;  and  our  masts,  yards, 
and  rigging,  being  miserably  shattered,  it  was  not  possible  for  us  to  work 
off  shore.    Our  mizen-top-mast,  gaff,  spanker-boom,  and  main-top-sail- 
yard,  were  entirely  shot  away ;  the  main  and  fore-masts,  the  fore  and  main- 
yards,  wounded  in  several  places  by  large  shot,  some  of  which  we  judged 
to  be  36-pounders  j  our  shrouds,  stays,  and  back-stays,  many  of  them  shot 
away,  besides  those  we  had  knotted  and  stoppered  in  the  action  ;  and  our 
cordage  all  expended  in  reeving  running-rigging.     In  this  condition,  Sir, 
and  with  three  feet  water  in  our  hold,  we  struck  the  ground  a  little  after 
five  in  the  morning,  and  not  more  than  ten  minutes  after  we  bad  ceased 
firing.    Les  Droits  de  1'Homme  met  with  a  similar  fate  a  little  distance 
from  us,  and  almost  at  the  same  moment.     From  half  past  five  to  nine 
o'clock,  we  were  employed  in  making  rafts  to  save  the  men  ;  and  it  gives 
me  unspeakable  comfort,  that  not  a  man  was  lost  after  the  ship  struck  the 
shore,  except  six  that  stole  away  the  cutter  from  the  stern,  and  were 
drowned.     Myself  and  officers  quitted  not  the  ship  till  with  great  care  and 
pains  we  got  the  wounded  and  every  man  out  of  her.    We  ware  received 
on  shore  by  a  party  of  soldiers,  who  conducted  us  to  the  little  town  of 
Hodierne,  about  a  league  from  the  ship.  Thence  they  marched  us  through 
Dournancy  to  Quimper,  where  we  now  remain,  and  are  well  treated.   I  am 
not  able  to  express  my  satisfaction  for  the  noble  support  I  received  from 
the  officers  in  general,  and  petty  officers,  during  the  action :  to  particularise 
either,  I  hope,  will  not  be  considered  as  taking  from  the  merits  of  the 
whole  j  but  Mr.  Littlehales,  the  first  Lieutenant,  being  constantly  on  the 
quarter-deck  with  me  throughout  the  whole  of  the  action,  it  would  be  unjust 
and  ungrateful  in  me  not  to  acknowledge  the  ample  assistance  he  afforded 
in  every  situation  throughout  the  course  of  so  long  and  trying  a  conflict ; 
and  if  a  man,  who  has  unfortunately  lost  bis  ship,  (though  I  hope  not 
dishonorably,)  may  be  permitted,  I  humbly  beg  leave  to  recommend  Mr. 
Littlehales  to  their  Lordships'  notice  and  patronage.    I  hope  this  will  not 
be  deemed  to  derogate  from  the  merits  of  Lieutenants  Nichols  and  Thomas, 
who  were  quartered  on  the  main-deck,  and  who,  during  a  great  part  of  the 
action,  fought  half  way  up  their  legs  in  water,  cheering  and  inspiring  cou- 
rage to  all  around  them  by  their  own  animated  and  gallant  example. 
Mangled  as  we  were  in  our  hull,  as  well  as  in  our  masts,  yards,  and  rigging, 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800.  287 

thanks  to  Almighty  God,  we  had  but  3  men  killed,  and  15  badly  wounded. 
I  rest  firmly  assured  that  Sir  E.  Pellew  has  done  ample  justice  to  my  con- 
duct in  his  representation  of  the  engagement  to  their  Lordships;  and  I 
humbly  hope  no  blemish  will  attach  to  my  character,  for  a  misfortune  oc- 
casioned by  an  impatient  ardour  to  signalise  British  valour  opposed  to 
superior  force.  I  have  the  honor,  to  be,  &c. 

(Signed)  "  R.  C.  REYNOLDS." 

A  circumstance  occurred  in  the  course  of  the  action  with 
les  Droits  de  I'Homme,  which  we  notice  for  the  purpose  of 
shewing  our  non-military  readers  what  effect  even  the  wind 
of  a  shot  is  capable  of  producing.  Lieutenant  Littlehales  was 
knocked  down  senseless  when  standing  near  Captain  Rey- 
nolds, who  lifted  him  from  the  deck,  and  ordered  some  of  the 
men  to  take  him  below ;  by  the  time  they  had  reached  the 
foot  of  the  quarter-deck  ladder,  however,  he  recovered  his 
senses,  and  forthwith  returned  to  his  post ;  but  his  chest  and 
the  upper  part  of  his  arms  were  black  and  blue  for  several 
weeks  afterwards.  «is< 

After  the  ship  struck  the  ground,  Mr.  Littlehales,  as  first 
Lieutenant,  was  too  much  occupied  to  think  of  his  wardrobe 
and  other  private  pi  operty  ;  and  his  servant  being  one  of  those 
who  were  drowned  in  the  boat,  he  lost  every  article  thereof. 

On  the  29th  Sept.  in  the  same  year,  Captain  Reynolds  and 
his  officers  having  previously  been  exchanged,  a  Court-Martial 
was  assembled  at  Plymouth  to  enquire  into  the  circumstances 
attending  the  loss  of  the  Amazon,  and  to  try  her  late  com* 
mander, officers,  &c. &c.  fortheir  conductronthatoccasion.  The 
Court  declared  as  their  unanimous  opinion,  that  the  Amazon 
was  unavoidably  lost  in  consequence  of  her  being  so  far  in 
shore  at  the  close  of  a  well- disputed  action  with  les  Droits 
de  1'Homme,  during  which  she  had  suffered  materially  in  her 
masts  and  rigging ;  that  too  much  praise  could  not  be 
awarded  to  Captain  Reynolds,  his  officers  and  crew,  by 
whom,  in  conjunction  with  the  Indefatigable,  an  enemy's 
line-of-battle  ship  was  destroyed  ;  and  that  the  loss  of  the 
Amazon  was  the  result  of  a  noble  pursuit  of  an  enemy  of 
superior  force  on  her  own  coast.  Captain  Reynolds,  his  offi- 
cers, &c.  &c.  were  therefore  most  honorably  and  fully  acquit- 
ted of  all  blame,  and  with  every  sentiment  of  the  Court's 
highest  approbation. 

Lieutenant  Littlehales  was  made  a  Commander  immedi- 


288  POST-CAFfAINS    OF    1800. 

ately  after  the  trial ;  and  in  Jan.  1798,  appointed  to  the 
Penguin  sloop  of  war  on  the  Irish  station,  where  he  continued 
till  advanced  to  post  rank,  May  15, 1800.  Some  time  after 
this  promotion,  he  was  nominated  acting  Captain  of  the 
Centaur  74,  at  the  request  of  her  proper  commander,  the  pre- 
sent Admiral  Markham,  then  about  to  take  a  seat  at  the 
Board  of  Admiralty.  During  the  remainder  of  the  war,  .we 
find  him  cruising  off  Brest  and  Rochefort. 

In  the  night  of  April  10,  1801,  the  Centaur  was  run  foul  of 
by  the  Mars  74,  bearing  the  flag  of  Rear- Admiral  Thorn- 
brough,  commander  of  the  in-shore  squadron  off  Brest.  Two 
men  were  killed  and  4  wounded  by  the  falling  of  the  main- 
mast. Captain  Littlehales  having  rigged  a  jury-mast,  bore 
up  for  Plymouth,  where  he  arrived  on  the  14th.  After  re- 
pairing her  damages,  the  Centaur  rejoined  the  Channel  Fleet ; 
and  at  the  latter  end  of  the  same  year  she  formed  part  of  the 
squadron  assembled  in  Bantry  bay,  where  a  mutiny  broke 
out  on  board  some  of  the  ships,  in  consequence  of  their  being 
ordered  to  the  West  Indies  to  watch  the  motions  of  an  arma>- 
ment  which  had  sailed  from  Brest  for  St.  Domingo ;  and  to 
be  in  readiness  to  check  the  French  commanders,  should 
they  betray  any  sinister  intentions  against  the  valuable  colo- 
nies belonging  to  Great  Britain  in  that  quarter  *. 

The  treaty  of  Amiens  having  been  ratified  by  the  British 
and  French  governments,  Captain  Markham  continued  at  the 
Admiralty,  the  subject  of  this  memoir  was  confirmed  in  the 
command  of  the  Centaur,  and  that  ship  selected  by  the  late 
Vice- Admiral  Dacres  to  bear  his  flag  at  Plymouth  j  where 
she  remained  till  Nov.  18,  1802,  on  which  day  Captain  Little- 
hales  sailed  with  sealed  orders  for  Barbadoes,  from  whence 
she  conveyed  Lieutenant-General  Grinfield,  the  military 
commander-in-chief,  to  the  different  islands,  on  a  tour  of 
inspection. 

In  1803,  after  a  short  cessation,  war  was  again  declared, 
and  Sir  Samuel  Hood,  who  had  hoisted  his  broad  pendant  on 
board  the  Centaur  as  Commodore  at  the  Leeward  Islands, 
lost  not  a  moment  in  proceeding  to  the  attack  of  St..  Lucia ; 
and  in  thirty-six  hours  after  his  departure  from  Carlisle  bay, 

*  See  Vol.  I,  p.  6/0. 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1900.  289 

that  island  was  obliged  to  surrender  to  the  British  arms  *. 
The  naval  force  employed  on  this  occasion,  consisted  of  two 
74's  and  six  smaller  vessels. 

Captain  Littlehales'  "  assiduity  and  attention,"  during  this 
short  but  successful  expedition,  were  duly  acknowledged  by 
Sir  Samuel  Hood,  with  whose  despatches,  announcing  the 
conquest  of  St.  Lucia,  he  returned  to  England  in  the  Morne 
Fortunee,  a  brig  purchased  for  the  purpose.  Ill  health,  occa- 
sioned by  his  long  services  in  the  West  Indies,  preventing 
him  from  accepting  the  command  of  an  active  ship,  he  has 
not  since  been  afloat.  For  two  years  previous  to  the  disso- 
lution of  the  Sea  Fencibles,  he  commanded  the  Liverpool 
district ;  and  during  the  last  four  or  five  years  of  the  war? 
superintended  the  payment  of  ships  afloat  at  Plymouth. 

Our  officer  married,  Aug.  22,  1803,  Mary  Anna,  daughter 
of  Thomas  Cleather,  Esq.  of  Plymouth,  and  by  that  lady  has 
four  sons  and  one  daughter  now  living.  The  second  son  is  at 
present  a  Midshipman  in  the  Revenge  78,  under  the  auspices 
of  Vice-Admiral  Sir  Harry  Neale. 

Agent. 


- 

ROBERT  PHILPOT,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant  in  1790,  and  obtained 
the  rank  of  Commander  Jan.  3,  1799.  On  the  14th  Oct.  fol- 
lowing, being  on  a  cruise  off  Porto  Rico  in  the  Echo  sloop  of 
war,  he  chased  a  French  letter  of  marque  mounting  12  four- 
pounders,  with  a  complement  of  30  men,  into  Aguadilla  bay  ; 
and  the  following  day  his  boats  captured  a  Spanish  brig  of 
2  guns  and  20  men,  laden  with  cocoa  and  indigo.  On  the 
16th  in  the  evening,  the  Echo's  pinnace  and  jolly-boat,  con- 
taining 15  men,  under  the  command  of  Lieutenant  Napier, 
pulled  into  the  bay  and  succeeded  in  carrying  the  letter  of 
marque,  which  was  brought  off  in  triumph,  notwithstanding 
a  heavy  fire  from  2  field-pieces,  one  18-pounder,  and  several 
smaller  guns,  all  placed  on  the  beach  for  her  protection.  In 
the  execution  of  this  service  the  pinnace  was  sunk,  but  not  a 
man  hurt.  The  prize  had  on  board  a  valuable  cargo,  and  was 
bound  to  Cura§oa. 

*  See  Vol.1,  p.  481. 

VOL.  II.  U 


'290  POST-CAPTATNS    OF    1800. 

Captain  Philpot  was  posted  into  the  Prompte,  a  20-gun 
whip,  July  I,  1800;  and  convoyed  a  fleet  of  merchantmen 
from  Jamaica  to  England  in  the  spring  of  1801.  He  subse- 
quently commanded  the  Brighton  district  of  Sea  Fencibles, 
and  regulated  the  impress  service  at  Deal. 

Agent.— Messrs.  Atkins  and  Son. 



_ 

PATRICK  CAMPBELL,  ESQ. 

A  Companion  of  the  most  honorable  Military  Order  of  the  Bath. 

THIS  officer  commanded  the  Dart  sloop  of  war,  aJnd  assisted 
a£  the  capture  of  four  armed  vessels  on  the  North  Sea  station, 
Oct.  6,  1799.  In  July  following,  we  find  him;  serving 
under  the  orders  of  Captain  Henry  Inman,  in  an  attempt  made 
to  destroy  a  French  squadron  lying  in  Dunkirk  harbour:  the 
following  are  the  particulars  of  the  affair,  as  far  as  respects 
Captain  Campbell. 

The  Andromeda  frigate,  with  two  pr  three  smaller  v,essels> 
having  spent  some  time  in  the  irksome  service  of  blockading 
Dunkirk,  and  conceiving  it  practicable  to  capture  or  destroy 
the  enemy's  ships  as  they  lay  at  anchor,  Captain  Inman  of  the 
Andromeda  submitted  a  plan  for  that  purpose  to  the  Ad- 
miralty, and  requested  that  a  certain  number  of  fire-vessels 
might  be  placed  under  his  command,  to  enable  him  to  carry 
it  into  'effect-  His  scheme  being  approved  by  Earl  Spencer, 
he  was  joined  by  the  desired  reinforcement  on  the  2/th  June, 
but  from  contrary  winds  and  other  circumstances,  the  attack 
•could  not  be  made  till  the  night  of  July  7th ;  by  which  time, 
the  enemy  appear  to  have  been  apprised  of  the  British  squa- 
'dron's  intention,  as  the  assailants  were  much  annoyed  by 
gun- vessels,  and  others  lying  in  advance,  which  afforded  the 
French  frigates  an.  opportunity  to  cut  their  cables,  and  avoid 
our  fire-ships.  OCJHS  bin 

Captain  Inman  had  directed  the  Dart,  if  possible,  to  run 
alongside  of  the  easternmost  frigate ;  calculating  that  the 
first  fire-ship  would  about  the  same  time  have  hooked  the 
westernmost  frigate.  Captain  Campbell  stood  in  according 
to  his  orders,  and  with  determined  bravery  boarded  and 
carried  his  opponent.  The  fire-vessels  followed ;  but  the 

moment  they  were  discovered  to  be  in  flames,  the  remainder 

*  .im  .'  <r.rn  / 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

of  the  French  squadron  cut,  and  stood  down  the  inner  chan- 
nel, within  the  Braak  sand  ;  on  the  following  morning,  they 
regained  their  anchorage,  without  our  ships  being  able  to  mo- 
lest or  cut  them  off. 

Captain  Campbell's  prize  proved  to  be  la  Desiree,  mount- 
ing 40  guns,  long  24-pounders  on  the  main-deck,  with  a  com- 
plement of  350  men,  some  of  whom  were  on  shore.  Captain 
Inman,  in  his  official  letter  to  the  Admiralty,  says,  "  the  hand- 
some and  intrepid  manner  of  his  completely  carrying  her  in 
less  than  a  quarter  of  an  hour,  and  bringing  her  out,  must 
convince  their  Lordships  of  his  unparalleled  bravery,  and  the 
very  gallant  conduct  of  his  officers  and  ship's  company,  as 
the  enemy's  frigate  was  so  much  superior  in  force  *  ;  and 
had  it  not  been  so  instantly  done,  the  ship  could  not  have 
been  got  over  the  banks,  as  the  water  had  begun  to  fall." 
The  Dart's  loss  on  this  occasion  amounted  to  no  more  than 
1  man  slain,  and  her  first  Lieutenant  and  10  men  wounded; 
la  Desiree  is  said  to  have  had  nearly  100  killed  and  wounded, 
including  among  the  former  every  officer  on  board,  with  the 
exception  of  one  Midshipman.  Only  6  men  were  wounded 
on  board  the  other  vessels  of  Captain  Inman's  squadron. 
The  Earl  of  St.  Vincent  pronounced  this  to  have  been  one  of 
the  finest  instances  of  gallantry  on  record. 

Three  days  after  the  capture  of  la  Desiree,  the  subject  of 
this  memoir  was  advanced  to  post  rank  in  the  Ariadne,  a  20»- 
gun  ship.  His  next  appointment  was* about  Sept.  1803,  to 
the  Doris  frigate,  stationed  in  the  Channel. 

On  the  12th  Jan.  1805,  as  the  Doris  was  proceeding  to 
Quiberon  bay,  she  struck  upon  a  sunken  rock,  called  the 

'if  i  \'i  ;^j/:i')  * y<r rbiifw  ilirflr  p'ia*^ 
*  "  The  Dart  was  a  curiously  constructed  sloop  of  war,  after  the  plan  of 
General  Bentham,  mounting1  30  guns.  Her  bow  and  stern  were  of  the 
same  shape,  and  she  could  anchor  by  either  end  ;  though  it  must  be  ob- 
served, but  very  awkwardly,  particularly  in  bad  weather.  She  carried  her 
water  in  wooden  tanks,  and  was  so  sharp  in  her  construction,  that  a  tra- 
verse section  taken  amid  ships,  had  nearly  the  form  of  a  wedge:  she  had 
two  top-masts  on  the  same  lower-mast,  parallel  to  each  other,  and  ker 
gangways  were  outside  of  the  lower  rigging :  she  had  no  stability  in  the 
water,  and  was  found  in  blowing  weather  to  be  a  very  unsafe  vessel.  Cap  • 
tarn  Campbell  made  the  only  use  of  her  for  which  she  was  calculated,  vis. 
that  of  laying  an  enemy  on  board."  See  BRENTON'S  Naval  History  of 
Great  Britain,  vol.  ii,  p.  425. 

u  2 


292  POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1800. 

Diamond,  and  in  consequence  thereof,  made  so  much  water, 
that  Captain  Campbell  was  obliged  to  throw  her  guns  and 
every  weighty  article  overboard.  During  the  following  day 
it  blew  a  tremendous  gale  at  S.  W.,  but  the  weather  after- 
wards moderating,  they  gained  upon  the  leak,  which  was 
under  the  fore-foot ;  and  in  the  evening  she  steered  for  Eng- 
land with  a  fine  breeze,  accompanied  by  the  Felix  schooner. 
During  the  third  night,  however,  it  blew  hard  from  the  N.  W. 
with  a  heavy  sea,  and  the  leak  increased  so  much,  that  every 
exertion  to  keep  it  under  proved  ineffectual ;  she  soon  be- 
came water-logged,  of  course  would  not  answer  her  helm, 
and  drifted  considerably  to  leeward.  In  this  predicament, 
Captain  Campbell  determined  to  abandon  her,  and  accordingly 
brought  her  to  an  anchor  near  the  mouth  of  the  Loire.  At 
this  time  there  was  a  prodigious  swell  running,  and  breakers 
in  sight  directly  astern  :  happily  the  wind  abated,  or  the  crew 
must  have  perished.  The  officers  and  men  were  now  removed 
to  the  schooner,  and  a  Danish  brig,  which  had  been  driven  in 
near  to  where  the  Doris  lay ;  after  which  the  latter  was  set 
on  fire.  The  after  magazine  soon  blew  up,  (the  fore  one  had 
been  drowned  previously)  and  the  ship  immediately  went 
down. 

A  few  days  after  this  disaster,  Captain  Campbell  had 
another  narrow  escape.  The  Felix  having  joined  the  squadron 
off  Rochefort,  he  removed  from  that  vessel  into  the  Tonnant 
of  80  guns,  commanded  by  Captain  W.  H.  Jervis  ;  that  ship 
being  about  to  proceed  with  despatches  to  the  rendezvous  of 
the  fleet  blockading  Brest,  where  she  arrived  on  the  26th 
January.  Captain  Jervis,  eager  to  communicate  the  intelli- 
gence with  which  he  was  charged,  left  the  Tonnant  in  his 
boat,  accompanied  by  his  guest,  when  still  at  a  considerable 
distance  from  the  commander  in-chief.  Unfortunately,  when 
about  half  way  between  the  Tonnant  and  St.  Josef,  the 
latter  bearing  the  flag  of  Sir  Charles  Cotton,  the  boat  was 
upset  by  a  sea  breaking  into  her  ;  and  notwithstanding  every 
effort  was  made  to  save  them,  Captain  Jervis  and  one  of  his 
men  were  drowned.  The  conduct  of  Captain  Campbell  and 
the  coxswain  on  this  melancholy  occasion,  deserve  to  be  re- 
corded :  the  latter,  holding  fast  to  his  commander,  kept  him 
above  water  a  considerable  time,  and  brought  him  thrice  to 


POST- CAPTAINS    OF    1800.  293 

the  surface,  when  he  was  in  the  act  of  sinking ;  and  the  for- 
mer, although  himself  in  the  most  perilous  situation,  regard- 
less of  his  own  state,  kept  constantly  urging  and  encouraging 
the  gallant  fellow,  whose  name  was  John  Jones,  to  further 
exertion. 

In  1807,  we  find  Captain  Campbell  commanding  1'Unite,  a 
fine  frigate,  stationed  off  Corfu.  During  the  ensuing  year, 
he  captured  a  French  xebec  of  6  guns,  and  three  Italian  brigs 
of  war,  each  mounting  sixteen  brass  32-pr.  carronades,  and 
measuring  about  400  tons  *. 

From  1' Unite,  Captain   Campbell  removed  into  the  Levia- 
than of  74  guns,  on  the  Mediterranean  station.     On  the  29th 
April,  1812,  the  boats  of  that  ship  made  an  attack  on  a  French 
privateer  of  14  guns  and  80  men,  and  several  merchant  ves- 
sels at  Agay ;  four  of  the  latter  were  brought  out,  and  the 
privateer  carried ;  but  having  been  hauled  on  shore,  could  not 
be  got  off :  in  their  attempt  to  do  so,  the  British  had  2  men 
killed  and  4  wounded,  by  the  enemy's  fire  from  the  shore. 
Eleven  days  afterwards,  a  detachment  of  seamen  and  marines 
from  the  Leviathan,  assisted  at  the  capture  of  sixteen  mer- 
chant vessels  with  cargoes,  under  the  batteries  of  Languillaf. 
On  the  27th  June  following,  the  batteries  at  that  place  and 
Allassio  were  stormed,  the  guns  spiked,  their  carriages  ren- 
dered useless,  and  eighteen  sail  of  vessels  destroyed  by  the 
Leviathan,  and  three  other  vessels  under  Captain  Campbell's 
orders.     The  principal  part  of  this  service  was  performed  by 
the  royal  marines,  7  of  whom  were  killed  and  26  wounded. 
The  total  loss  sustained  by  the  squadron,  was  9  killed  and 
3 1  wounded  j   amongst  the  latter  was  Lieutenant  William 
Walpole,  R.  N.,  of  the  Imperieuse  frigate. 

*  El  Rorico,  Nettuno,  and  Teuhe".  The  former,  although  alone,  had 
the  temerity  to  fire  several  broadsides  at  I'Unite*,  and  succeeded  in  doing 
considerable  damage  to  her  sails  and  rigging.  The  two  latter  had  sailed 
from  Zara  the  day  before  their  capture,  in  company  with  another  brig,  for 
the  purpose  of  attacking  the  British  frigate ;  having  heard  that  she  had 
many  men  absent  and  sick,  and  must  inevitably  fall  an  easy  prey  to  them. 
L'Unite"  had  not  a  man  hurt ;  but  El  Nettuno  and  her  equally  deceived 
consort,  suffered  most  severely ;  the  former  sustained  a  loss  of  7  men 
killed,  2  drowned,  and  13  wounded  ;  the  latter  had  5  slain  and  16  wounded, 
f  See  Vol.  I.  p.  633. 


294  •  POST-CAPTAINS   OF    Ij800. 

The  subject  of  this  memoir  has  not  been  employed  since 
the  peace.     He  was  nominated  a  C.  B.  in  June  1815. 
Agent. — Thomas  Collier,  Esq. 


NORBORNE  THOMPSON,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant  in  1790 ;  commanded 
the  Zebra  sloop  of  war  in  1795  ;  and  subsequently  the  Savage 
of  16  guns  :  the  latter  vessel  formed  part  of  Sir  Home  Pop- 
ham's  squadron  at  Ostend,  in  May  1/98.  His  post  commis- 
sion bears  date  Aug.  11,  1800.  During  the  late  war,  we  find 
him  successively  commanding  the  Foudroyant  80  ;  Minotaur 
74  j  Perlen  frigate  ;  Bombay  and  Aboukir,  third  rates.  The 
former  ship  was  employed  blockading  the  coast  of  Portugal, 
in  1807  *  ;  the  Perlen  assisted  at  the  reduction  of  Flushing, 
in  1809  f ;  and  the  Aboukir  at  the  capture  of  Genoa,  in 
1814  \. 

Agent. — Harry  Cook,  Esq. 

iiiuw /.- ;' . <,  •  svafr  «y*aiW 

SIR  MICHAEL  SEYMOUR,  BART. 

'Knight  Commander  of  the  most  Honourable  Military  Order  of  the  Bath. 
THIS  officer  is  the  second  son  of  the  late  Rev.  John  Sey- 
mour, Rector  of  Abington,  and  Chancellor  of  Emly,  in  Ireland, 
and  a  Chaplain  to  the  Archbishop  of  Cashel,  by  the  youngest 
daughter  of  William  Hobart,  of  High  Mount,  co.  Cork, 
Esq. 

He  was  born  at  Palace,  in  the  county  of  Limerick,  Nov. 
8,  1768 ;  and  commenced  his  professional  career  as  a  Mid- 
shipman on  board  the  Merlin  sloop  of  war,  commanded  by 
the  Hon.  James  Luttrell,  in  Nov.  1780.  He  subsequently 
served  with  the  same  officer  in  the  Portland  50,  Mediator 
44,  and  Ganges  of  74  guns. 

Whilst  serving  in  the  Mediator,  Mr.  Seymour  participated 
in  a  very  warm  action  between  that  ship  and  a  French  squa- 
dron of  far  superior  force ;  the  result  of  which  was  the  cap- 
ture of  le  Menagere,  a  frigate  armed  en  flute,  and  1'Alex- 
andre  of  24  guns. 

]VIr.  Seymour  left  the  Ganges  in  1783  j  and  from  that  pe- 

•  See  Vol.  I.  p.  320.        f  See  id.  p.  290.        \  See  id.  p.  634. 


PQSl  -CAPTAINS  OF  1800.  295 

riod  was  almost  constantly  employed  in  different  ships  tUl 
Nov.  1/90,  when  he  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  Lieutenant, 
in  the  Magnificent  74.  His  next  appointment  was  to  the 
Marlboroughj  another  third  rate,  in  which  ship  he  lost  an 
arm  on  the  memorable  1st  June,  1794  *. 

As  a  Commander,  the  subject  of  this  memoir  served  about 
five  years  in  the  Spitfire  sloop  of  war,  on  the  Channel  station  ; 
and,  among  other  prices,  captured  I'Allegree,  a  French  ves- 
sel laden  with  ammunition  and  other  warlike  stores ;  six  pri- 
vateers, carrying  in  the  whole,  £7  guns  and  301  men  j  and  a 
transport  armed  with  14  guns.  His  post  commission  bears 
date  Aug.  11,  1800. 

At  length,  after  acting  as  Captain  of  several  line-pf-battlu 
ships  and  frigates,  our  officer  obtained  the  permanent  com- 
mand of  the  Amethyst,  rated  at  36,  but  mounting  42  guns, 
with  a  complement  of  261  men  and  boys  ;  in  which  ship, 
whilst  cruising)  near  1'Orient,  he  fell  in  with,  and  after  a 
long,  sharply  contested,  and  bloody  action  at  close  quar- 
ters, captured  la  Thetis,  a  French  frigate  of  44  guns  and  436 
men  (including  soldiers)  ;  of  whom,  according  to  Captain 
Seymour's  account,  136.  were  killed  and  102  wounded.  The 
Amethyst  had  19  slain  and  51  wounded.  This  brilliant 
exploit  was  performed  in  the  night  of  Nov.  10,  1808. 

His  late  Majesty  was  graciously  pleased  to  signify  his  most 
gracious  approbation  of  Captain  Seymour's  distinguished 
conduct  in  the  action  with  la  Thetis,  by  presenting  him  with 
the  naval  gold  medal :  the  Corporation  of  Cork  and  Limer- 
ick voted  him  the  freedom  of  those  cities  ;  that  of  the  former, 
to  be  delivered  in  a  silver  box  ;  the  latter,  in  a  box  made  of 
oak,  and  ornamented  with  gold.  He  also  received  a  piece 
of  plate,  value  100  guineas,  from  the  Patriotic  Fund  at 
Lloyd's  f. 

On  the  6th  April,  1809,  Captain  Seymour  captured  le 
Niemen  of  46  guns  and  319  men.  The  enemy  had  47  killed 
and  73  wounded  :  the  Amethyst,  of  whose  crew  a  Lieutenant 

•  See  note  f,  at  p.  15. 

f  La  Thetis  was  bound  to  Martinique,  and  had  on  board  1000  barrels 
of  flour,  together  with  a  quantity  of  other  stores.  A  painting  by  Dodd, 
representing  the  action  between  her  and  the  Amethyst,  was  exhibited  at 
the  Royal  Academy,  in  1809. 


296  POST-CAPTA1N6  OF  1800. 

and  37  men  were  absent  in  prizes,  sustained  a  loss  of  8  slain 
and  37  wounded.  In  the  course  of  the  following  month, 
Captain  Seymour  was  raised  to  the  dignity  of  a  Baronet  of 
Great  Britain,  as  a  reward  for  his  gallant  conduct  in  thus 
adding  a  second  large  frigate  to  the  royal  navy  *. 

During  the  ensuing  summer,  we  find  Sir  Michael  Seymour 
serving  with  the  Walcheren  expedition.  He  was  afterwards 
appointed  in  succession  to  the  command  of  his  prize  le 
Niemen,  and  the  Hannibal  of  74  guns.  On  the  26th  March, 
1814,  the  latter  ship  captured  la  Sultane  French  frigate, 
of  44  guns  and  330  men.  This  vessel  had  previously 
suffered  considerable  damage  in  an  action  with  two  British 
cruisers. 

Sir  Michael  Seymour  was  nominated  a  K.  C.  B.  in  Jan. 
1815  j  and  at  present  commands  a  royal  yacht.  His  pension 
for  the  loss  of  an  arm  is,  we  believe,  300/.  per  annum.  He 
married  Jane,  third  daughter  of  the  late  Captain  James 
Hawker,  R.  N.,  and  has  several  children.  His  brother  Rich- 
ard was  first  Lieutenant  of  the  Amazon  frigate,  and  fell  in  the 
action  between  her  and  the  Belle  Poule,  in  March  1 806. 

Agent* —  — — —  M'Inerheney,  Esq. 


EDWARD  STIRLING  DICKSON,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant  July  9,  1780 ;  com- 
manded la  Victorieuse  of  14  guns  and  130  men,  at  the  Lee- 
ward Islands,  towards  the  close  of  1796  j  and  was  present  at 
the  capture  of  Trinidad,  in  Feb.  1797  f- 

On  the  7th  May,  1798,  Captain  Dickson,  whilst  convoying 
some  merchant  vessels  from  Trinidad  to  St.  Kitts,  was  at- 
tacked by  two  French  privateers,  which  attempted  to  carry  la 
Victorieuse  by  boarding,  but  were  foiled  hi  their  attempt ;  and 

*  The  French  Captain's  bombastic  account  of  this  action  appears  at  full 
length  in  the  Nav.  Chron.  v.  22,  p.  93,  et  seq.  We  should  here  observe 
that  the  Amethyst,  after  beating  her  opponent,  but  previous  to  the  enemy's 
surrender,  was  joined  by  the  Arcthusa  frigate,  commanded  by  the  late  Sir 
Robert  Mends.  Of  this  circumstance  M.  du  Potet  avails  himself  in  so 
great  a  degree,  as  actually  to  declare  that  the  Amethyst  had  struck  to  him, 
and  was  about  to  be  taken  possession  of  when  her  friend  appeared  in 

sight ! ! 

f  See  Vol.  I.  note  at  p.  112. 


POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1800.  297 

the  smallest,  a  sloop  of  6  guns  and  50  men,  obliged  to  sur- 
render. The  other,  a  schooner  carrying  12  guns  and  80 
men,  was  considerably  damaged,  but  succeeded  in  effecting 
her  escape.  The  prize  had  8  men  killed  and  wounded ;  la 
Victorieuse  sustained  no  loss  whatever. 

On  the  3d  Dec.  following,  la  Victorieuse,  in  company  with 
the  Zephyr  sloop,  and  about  40  troops,  destroyed  a  fort  at 
Rio  Caribe,  on  the  island  of  Marguerittaj  two  others  at  Gu- 
rupano,  and  a  small  Dutch  privateer;  and  captured  la  Cou- 
leuvre  of  6  guns  and  80  men.  The  enemy's  force  at  the  latter 
place  was  at  least  300  men  ;  notwithstanding  which,  their 
fire  was  silenced  in  fifteen  minutes.  The  assailants  had  only 
4  men  killed  and  wounded.  Captain  Dickson  had  previously 
captured  two  small  French  privateers,  and  destroyed  another 
of  12  guns  and  80  men. 

In  July  1799,  Captain  Dickson  was  presented  by  the  Eng- 
lish inhabitants  of  Trinidad  with  a  sword,  value  100  guineas, 
as  a  reward  for  his  activity  and  diligence,  in  protecting  the 
trade  of  that  colony.  His  post  commission  bears  date  Aug. 
11, 1800. 

From  this  period,  we  find  no  mention  of  him  till  the  latter 
end  of  1803,  when  he  was  appointed  to  the  Inconstant  frigate. 
On  the  7th  March  following,  he  arrived  off  the  island  of 
Goree,  with  a  store-ship  and  some  merchant  vessels  under 
his  protection ;  and  suspecting  that  the  place  might  be  in  pos- 
session of  the  enemy,  sent  Mr.  Pickforcf,  his  first  Lieutenant, 
on  shore  to  ascertain  the  fact.  At  sun-set,  seeing  no  appear- 
ance of  the  boat,  Captain  Dickson  anchored  out  of  gun-shot, 
and  it  being  highly  necessary  to  obtain  some  information, 
despatched  Mr.  Runciman,  Midshipman,  with  three  boats 
properly  manned  and  armed,  to  cut  out  any  vessels  he  might 
find  in  the  harbour.  Mr.  Runcimau  acquitted  himself  nobly, 
bringing  out  a  ship,  under  a  heavy  fire  from  the  batteries, 
which  sunk  one  of  his  boats,  but  only  wounded  1  man. 
From  the  prize  Captain  Dickson  learned,  that  the  settlement 
had  been  in  the  hands  of  the  enemy  about  two  months,  and 
that  the  garrison  consisted  of  300  white  and  black  troops. 
The  following  day  was  spent  in  making  the  necessary  prepa- 
rations for  an  attack  ;  and  the  French  governor  being  aware  of 


POST- CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

the  British  Captain's  intentions,  agreed  to  surrender  by  capi- 
itulation  on  the  morning  of  the  9th. 

.  We  next  find  Captain  Dickson  commanding  the  Stately 
64,.  employed  in  the  defence  of  Cadiz.  On  the  5th  Dec.  181 1, 
he  was  detached  with  the  Druid  frigate,  Thunder  bomb,  and 
several  gun-boats  under  his  orders,  to  co-operate  with  the 
British  troops  at  Tariffa,  which  place  was  then  besieged  by  a 
French  army  of  10,000  men,  whilst  the  garrison  under  Colonel 
Sikerrett  did  not  exceed  1500.  The  enemy  had  pushed  their 
works  close  to  that  important  fortress,  the  safety  of  which 
must  be  attributed  to  the  unwearied  exertions  of  the*omcers 
and  men  of  the  squadron,  whose  services  were  noticed  in  the 
most  handsome  manner  by  Rear-Admiral  Legge,  who  com- 
manded  at  Cadiz,  as  also  by  Commodore  Penrose,  whose 
broad  pendant  was  then  flying  at  Gibraltar.  A  very  flatter- 
ing vote  of  thanks  was  also  decreed  by  the  Spanish  Regency 
and  Cortes. 

From  the  Stately,  Captain  Dickson  removed  into  the  Swift- 
sur,e  74,  on  the  Mediterranean  station ;  where  his  boats  cap- 
tured the  Charlemagne,  a  French  privateer  of  8  guns  and  93 
men,  Nov.  26,  1813.  The  loss  sustained  by  the  British  in 
obtaining  possession  of  this  vessel,  was  5  killed  and  15 
wounded. 

.  In  1814,  Captain  Dickson  joined  the  Rivoli,  another  third 
rate  ;  and  on  the  30th  April,  1815,  he  captured  le  Mel- 
pomene, a  French  frigate,  on  her  passage  from  Elba  to  Naples, 
to  take  on  board  Napoleon  Buonaparte's  mother.  Le  Mel- 
pomene made  a  brave  defence  of  fifteen  minutes,  was  very 
much  cut  up  in  her  hull,  masts,  and  rigging,  and  sustained  a 
loss  of  6  men  killed  and  28  wounded.  The  Rivoli,  whose 
loss  was  only  1  man  mortally,  and  a  few  others  slightly 
wounded,  had  thus  the  honor  to  receive  the  submission  of 
thje  last  tri-colored  flag  struck  in  action  at  sea  *. 

.^g-entf.-mlsaac  Clementson,  Esq. 

•  ; :  >— 

» t*itDo<EBWARD  ROTHERAM,  ESQ. 

A  Companion  of  the  Most  Honorable  Military  Order  of  the  Bath. 
THIS  officer  is  a  son  of  the  late  John  Rotheram,  M.  D.,  of 
*  See  James's  Nav.  Hist.  v.  5,  p.  £61. 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF  1800.  299 

Newcastle  upon  Tyne ;  a  gentleman  of  high  estimation,  both 
as  a  medical  practitioner,  and  a  person  of  general  science. 

He  was  born  at  Hexham,  in  Northumberland,  where  his 
father  lived  many  years  senior  Physician  of  the  Infirmary. 
His  elder  brother,  John,  studied  physic,  &c.,  under  the  cele- 
brated Linnaeus,  at  Upsal,  and  died  Professor  of  Natural 
Philosophy,  in  the  University  of  St.  Andrews,  N.B.,  about 
the  year  1805. 

Mr.  Edward  Rotheratn  was  early  instructed  in  mathema- 
tical learning  by  his  father,  and  the  late  Dr.  Hutton.  He  ac- 
quired'practical  navigation  in  the  same  school  which  bred 
our  immortal  circumnavigator  Cook — the  Coal  Trade — and 
entering  the  navy,  served  during  the  whole  of  the  American 
war,  chiefly  in  the  squadron  commanded  by  Admiral  Barring- 
ton  j  obtained  a  Lieutenant's  commission  April  19,  1783 ; 
and  was  the  senior  officer  of  that,  rank  on  board  the  Culloden 
74,  in  the  battle  of  June  1,  1794;  an  event  that  led  to  his 
further  promotion. 

In  1795,  we  find  him  commanding  the  Camel  store-shijj, 
on  the  Mediterranean  station ;  and  subsequently  the  Hawke 
sloop  of  war  and  Lapwing  frigate,  at  the  Leeward  Islands. 
His  post  commission  bears  date  Aug.  27,  1800. 

In  the  unparalleled  battle  of  Trafalgar,  Vice-Admiral  Col- 
lingwood's  gallantry  was  most  ably  seconded  by  Captain 
Rotheram,  who  commanded  the  Royal  Sovereign,  a  first  rate, 
bearing  the  flag  of  that  excellent  officer,  by  whom  he  was 
subsequently  appointed  to  the  Bellerophon  74,  as  successor 
to  Captain  John  Cooke,  who  had  fallen  in  the  conflict  *. 

The  severe  loss  sustained  by  the  Royal  Sovereign,  is  the 
best  proof  of  the  share  she  had  in  the  defeat  of  the  combined 
fleets.  Her  surgeon  reported  3  officers,  2  midshipmen,  and 
42  men  killed ;  and  4  officers,  5  petty  officers,  and  85  men 
wounded — total  141.  At  the  close  of  the  battle,  not  a  spar 
was  left  standing,  except  the  tottering  fore-mast,  and  it  went 
overboard  in  the  ensuing  gale. 

The  following  anecdote  has  been  related  of  Captain  Ro- 
theram, and  we  have  no  reason  to  doubt  the  authenticity 
thereof :  "  A  heavy  shower  of  musketry  had  nearly  swept  the 

.     *  See  Captain  WILLIAM  PRYSE  CUMBY  ;  and  Vol.  I.  note  at  p.  205. 


300  I'OUT-CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

quarter-deck  of  the  Royal  Sovereign,  when  some  of  his  of- 
ficers requested  him  not  to  expose  himself  so  much  to  the 
enemy's  small-arm  men,  by  wearing  his  epaulets  and  a  gold 
laced  hat.  '  Let  me  alone J  he  replied,  '  /  have  always 
fought  in  a  cocked  hat,  and  always  will.'  " 

Captain  Rotheram  bore  the  banner  of  NELSON  as  a  K.  B. 
at  the  funeral  of  that  great  chieftain  ;  and  was  himself  nomi- 
nated a  C.  B.  in  1815. 

Agent. — William  Marsh,  Esq. 


CHARLES  GRANT,  ESQ. 

A  Companion  of  the  most  Honorable  Military   Order  of  the  Hath ;  and 
Commodore  of  the  Squadron  employed  in  the  East  Indies. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant  in  1790;  subsequently 
commanded  the  Tisiphone  sloop  of  war  on  the  West  India 
station  ;  and  returned  from  thence  in  the  Quebec  of  32  guns, 
July  11,  1802.  His  post  commission  bears  date  Sept.  6, 
1800. 

Captain  Grant's  next  appointments  were,  we  believe,  to 
the  Diadem  64;  and  Diana,  a  38-gun  frigate.  In  the  lat- 
ter, he  conveyed  Sir  W.  Sidney  Smith  from  Rio  Janeiro  to 
Portsmouth,  where  he  arrived  Aug.  7,  1809. 

In  Oct.  1809,  the  Diana,  having  under  her  orders  the  Niobe 
of  similar  force,  was  employed  watching  the  port  of  Havre, 
where  the  enemy  had  two  new  40-gun  frigates,  waiting  an 
opportunity  to  escape  to  sea.  On  the  13th  of  the  following 
month,  the  French  ships  having  slipt  out  during  a  N.  E. 
gale,  were  discovered  and  obliged  to  take  shelter  under  the 
batteries  of  Marcou.  In  the  course  of  the  same  day,  Cap- 
tain Grant  and  his  consort  being  driven  by  the  tide  to  the 
northward  of  Cape  Barfleur,  the  enemy  made  a  push  for,  and 
succeeded  in  reaching  the  anchorage  near  la  Hogue.  On  the 
following  morning  the  Niobe  was  sent  to  inform  the  senior 
officer  off  Cherbourgh,  how  the  Frenchmen  were  situated ; 
and  Captain  Grant  had  soon  after  the  satisfaction  to  see  one 
of  them  run  ashore.  The  next  day  the  other  perceiving  that 
she  was  about  to  be  attacked  by  the  Diana,  weighed  and  took 
up  a  position  between  the  batteries  of  la  Hogue  and  Tatilion. 
Captain  Grant,  notwithstanding  the  formidable  force  opposed 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800.  301 

to  him,  stood  in  twice  close  alongside  of  her,  sustaining  each 
time  a  very  heavy  fire,  by  which  the  Diana  suffered  con- 
siderably in  her  masts,  sails,  hull,  and  rigging.  At  this  pe- 
riod Captain  Malcolm  of  the  Donegal,  arrived  with  the  Re- 
venge and  Niobe,  and  the  attack  was  renewed  by  the  four 
ships  going  in  alternately,  and  making  every  exertion  to  des- 
troy the  enemy  as  long  as  the  tide  would  allow  them  to  do 
so ;  but  being  at  length  drifted  to  leeward,  they  were  obliged 
to  desist  and  anchor  out  of  gun-shot.  In  this  affair,  the 
Donegal  had  3  men  wounded,  the  Revenge  2  killed  and  8 
wounded,  and  Diana  1  man  slightly  wounded. 

At  day-light  on  the  16th,  one  of  the  French  frigates  was 
observed  on  her  beam- ends,  and  the  other  also  aground ;  but 
as  they  were  perfectly  protected  by  the  batteries,  and  as  it  did 
not  appear  to  Captain  Malcolm  that  any  further  attempt  to 
destroy  them  would  prove  effectual,  he  returned  to  his  sta- 
tion off  Cherbourgh,  leaving  Captains  Grant  and  Loring  to 
watch  la  Hogue. 

The  following  is  a  copy  of  the  letter  Captain  Grant  soon 
after  received  from  his  commander  in-chief,  dated  Royal  Wil- 
liam, Spithead,  Nov.  22,  1810: 

"  Sir. — Having  transmitted  to  the  Lords  Commissioners  of  the  Admiralty 
your  letter  of  the  16th  instant,  detailing  your  proceedings  in  an  attack  on 
two  of  the  enemy's  frigates,  which  escaped  from  Havre  in  the  night  of  the 
12th,  and  which  had  taken  refuge  under  the  batteries  of  la  Hogue,  I  am  di- 
rected by  their  Lordships  to  convey  to  you  their  approbation  of  the  zeal, 
gallantry,  and  good  conduct  shewn  by  yon,  and  by  all  the  officers  and  men 
of  the  ships  under  your  orders  on  that  occasion.  I  am,  Sir,  &c.  &c. 

(Signed)  "  ROGEU  CURTIS." 

The  enemy  afterwards  got  their  ships  afloat,  and  one  of 
them  effected  her  escape  into  Havre.  The  other,  being  at- 
tacked by  a  bomb- vessel,  was  again  obliged  to  run  aground 
on  the  6th  Dec.  lay  a  wreck  until  the  night  of  the  23d,  when 
she  was  set  on  fire  and  completely  destroyed  by  the  boats  of  the 
Diana,  under  a  heavy  fire  from  the  batteries,  and  three  armed 
brigs  lying  within  hail  of  her.  This  service  was  performed 
without  a  man  being  hurt  on  the  part  of  the  British  *. 

In  1812,  Captain  Grant  was  appointed  to  the  Armada  of  74 

*  The  other  frigate  was  subsequently  destroyed  by  her  own  crew.  See 
Captain  JOHN  WENTWORTH  LORING,  C.  B.  .  V "••-% 


302  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1900. 

guns,  fitting  for  the  Mediterranean  station,  where  he  served 
during  the  remainder  of  the  war. 

On  the  19th  July,  1813,  the  marines  of  the  Armada,  and 
two  frigates,  landed  and  took  possession  of  the  batteries  near 
Bordighero,  a  town  on  the  coast  of  Italy,  spiked  the  guns,  de- 
stroyed the  ammunition,  and  burnt  all  the  vessels  lying  on  the 
beach.  In  Nov.  fallowing,  when  forming  part,  of  the  in-shore 
squadron  off  Toulon,  the  Armada  received  a  shot  from  one  of 
the  enemy's  fleet,  which  passing  through  the  bows  of  her 
launch,  lodged  among  the  booms,  without  doing  any  farther 
mischief.  Towards  the  close  of  the  same  year,  she  assisted 
in  an  attempt  made  by  Sir  Josias  Rowley  to  obtain  possession 
of  Leghorn  *. 

A  few  days  after  the  surrender  of  Genoa  to  the  British 
arms  f,  Captain  Grant  was  sent  with  the  Armada,  Curagoa, 
and  twelve  Sicilian  gun-boats,  to  co-operate  with  a  detach- 
ment of  troops  in  the  reduction  of  Savona ;  the  garrison  of 
which  fortress  surrendered  by  capitulation  on  the  24th  April, 
1814. 

Our  officer  was  nominated  a  C.  B.  in  1815,  and  appointed 
Commodore  of  the  squadron  in  India,  Oct.  22,  1821 .  His 
broad  pendant  is  flying  on  board  the  Liffey  of  50  guns. 


• 
THOMAS  JAMES  MALING,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer,  a  son  of  the  late  Mr.  Maling,  of  West  Henning- 
ton,  co.  Durham,  was  made  a  Commander  Dec.  24, 1J98 ; 
and  obtained  post  rank  Sept.  6,  1800.  During  the  late  war, 
he  commanded  the  Diana  and  Undaunted  frigates,  and  Mul- 
graveof74  guns;  and  among  other  vessels  captured  la  Char- 
lotte, a  French  ship  privateer  of  14  guns,  pierced  for  20,  with 
a  complement  of  118  men;  and  the  San  Josephe  of  14  guns 
and  96  men. 

In  1817,  a  Chapel  capable  of  containing  about  500  persons, 
and  built  at  Captain  Maling's  expense,  near  Hylton  Ferry, 
in  the  county  of  Durham,  was  opened  for  divine  service  by 
the  Rector  of  Bishops wearmouth. 

Captain  Maling  was  appointed  to  the  Northumberland  of 

•  See  Vol.  I.  p.  G33.  f  See  id.  p.  634. 


POST  CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

• 

78  guns,  lying  in  the  Medway,  July  31,  1821  ;  and  at  pre- 
sent commands  the  Cambridge  82,  on  the  South  American 
station.  He  married,  Dec.  2,  181  lj  Harriet,  youngest  daugh- 
ter of  the  late  celebrated  Dr.  Darwin,  of  the  Priory,  near 
Derby. 

One  of  Captain  Maling's  sisters  is  the  lady  of  Earl  Mul- 
grave  ;  another  was  married  to  Lieutenant- Col  on  el  Jackson, 
of  the  Guards,  and  died  at  Lisbon  in  1813  ;  a  third  to  Colonel 
Walsh,  formerly  a  Commissioner  of  the  Victualling  Board; 
and  a  fourth  to  Robert  Ward,  Esq.,  M.  P.  for  Haslemere, 

and  Clerk  of  the  Ordnance. 

• 


JOHN  ACWORTH  OMMANNEY,  ESQ. 

A  Deputy  Lieutenant  of  the  county  of  Southampton;  and  a  Justice  of  the 
Peace  for  Surrey. 

THIS  officer  is  the  eldest  son  of  the  late  Rear- Admiral 
Cornthwaite  Ommanney*.  He  entered  the  naval  service  in 
1/83,  and  during  the  ensuing  eleven  years,  served  successively 
on  board  the  Powerful  74 ;  Rose  frigate  ;  Leander  50 ;  Aquir 
Ion  28;  Zebra  sloop  of  war ;  and  Lion  of  64  guns  ;  under  the 
respective  commands  of  Captains  Fitzherbert,  and  Henry 
Harvey ;  Rear-Admiral  Peyton ;  and  Captains  Robert  Mon- 
tagu, William  Brown,  and  Sir  Erasmus  Gower.  The  latter 
gentleman,  of  whom  we  have  already  "Spoken  in  our  first  vo- 
lume, at  p.  783,  may  justly  be  considered  as  his  principal 
naval  patron. 

In  1792,  Sir  Erasmus  Gower,  who  had  recommended  him- 
self to  the  notice  of  Earl  Macartney,  by  his  exploits  in  India 
during  the  American  war,  was  selected  by  that  nobleman  to 
command  the  ship  fitting  for  his  conveyance  to  China.  Sir 

*  Rear-Admiral  Ommanney  had  seven  Children,  six  of  whom  are  now 
living,  viz.  John  Acworth,  the  subject  of  this  memoir;  Sir  Francis  Moly- 
neux,  a  Navy  Agent,  and  M.  P.  for  Barnstaple ;  Henry  Manaton,  a  Post- 
Captain  ;  Edward  Symons,  a  Merchant  at  North  Yarmouth ;  Cornthwaite, 
a  Captain  in  the  24th  Light  Dragoons,  now  on  half  pay  ;  and  Ann  Symons, 
who  married,  in  1815,  Captain  Pipon  of  the  7th  Hussars.  His  other  child, 
Montagu,  was  a  Lieutenant  in  the  Royal  Artillery,  and  died  on  service  in 
the  West  Indies,  in  1?9G.  The  Rear-Admiral  died  in  1801,  sincerely 
lamented  by  all  who  had  the  pleasure  of  his  acquaintance. 


304  POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1800. 

Erasmus  entertaining  a  great  friendship  for  Mr.  Ommanney, 
availed  himself  of  so  favourable  an  opportunity  to  promote 
his  interests  by  applying  for  and  obtaining  permission  to  ap- 
point him  a  supernumerary  Lieutenant  of  the  Lion.  This 
accordingly  took  place  on  the  arrival  of  the  embassy  at 
Madeira.  Shortly  after  their  departure  from  Funchal,  Lieu- 
tenant Cox  of  that  ship  died,  and  Sir  Erasmus  appointed  his 
protege  to  succeed  him.  His  commission  was  confirmed  by 
the  Admiralty  in  May  1793. 

The  Lion  being  paid  off  on  her  return  to  England  about 
Sept.  1794,  Mr.  Ommanney  readily  accepted  an  offer  made 
him  by  Captain  (now  Sir  Robert)  Barlow  to  become  his  first 
Lieutenant,  in  the  Aquilon ;  and  he  continued  to  serve  with 
that  distinguished  officer  till  May  1795,  when  he  was  ap- 
pointed to  the  Queen  Charlotte,  a  first  rate  ;  in  which  ship 
he  assisted  at  the  capture  of  three  French  2-deckers  off 
1'Orient,  on  the  23d  of  the  following  month  *. 

Lieutenant  Ommanney  was  promoted  to  the, rank  of  Com- 
mander in  Dec.  1796 ;  and  happening  to  be  on  half  pay  when 
the  mutiny  broke  out  at  the  Nore,  he  lost  no  time  in  tender- 
ing his  services  towards  its  suppression.  His  offer  being 
accepted,  he  held  the  command  of  a  gun-vessel  equipped  to 
act  against  the  refractory  seamen,  until  the  spirit  of  rebellion 
had  subsided  in  that  quarter  j  and  was  afterwards  sent  with  two 
other  Captains  to  Deal,  in  order,  should  such  a  measure  be 
necessary,  to  take  the  command  of  some  vessels  lying  in  the 
Downs,  whose  crews  still  behaved  in  a  disrespectful  manner  to 
their  officers  ;  but  happily  the  sailors  there  soon  followed  the 
example  of  those  at  the  Nore,  and  returned  to  their  duty. 

In  Dec.  1797j  Captain  Ommanney  was  appointed  to  the 
Busy,  a  new  brig  of  18  guns,  fitting  at  Chatham  for  the 
North  Sea  station,  where  he  cruised  with  considerable  activity. 
In  Aug.  1799,  being  off  Goree,  in  company  with  the  Speed- 
well brig,  he  discovered  a  fleet  of  merchantmen  running 
alongshore  under  the  convoy  of  a  Swedish  frigate.  While  the 
Busy  ran  alongside  the  man  of  war  and  prepared  for  action, 

*  See  note  at  p.  54 ;  and  Vol.  I,  p.  246.— N.  B.  Mr.  Oramanney  was 
sent  at  the  close  of  the  action  to  assist  Lieutenant  Alexander  Wilson,  now 
a  superannuated  Rear-Admiral,  in  conducting  one  of  the  prizes  to  an 
English  port. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800.  305 

her  consort  searched  one  of  the  other  vessels,  and  found  that 
she  was  laden  with  spars  of  sufficient  size  to  make  top-masts 
for  line-of-battle  ships,  and  others  with  iron,  &c.  bound  to 
Brest,  1'Orient,  and  Cadiz.  Upon  receiving  the  report  of 
Lieutenant  Reddie,  who  commanded  the  Speedwell,  Captain 
Ommanney  wrote  the  following  laconic  letter  on  the  Busy's 
cap  stern  head,  and  immediately  forwarded  it  to  the  Swedish 
Commodore : 

"  H.  B.  M.  Sloop  Busy,  at  Sea,  Aug.  8,  1/99. 

"  Sir. — The  officer  who  has  boarded  one  of  the  ships  under  your  con- 
voy has  reported  to  me  that  she  is  bound  to  an  enemy's  port,  and  is  laden 
with  naval  stores.  I  shall  therefore  insist  upon  searching  the  whole  of  the 
fleet,  and  shall  detain  all  those  vessels  that  have  naval  stores  on  board. 
I  remain,  Sir,  your  humble  servant, 

(Signed)  "  JOHN  A.  OMMANNEY." 

•"  To  the  Captain  of  the  Swedish  frigate  *." 

This  letter  had  no  sooner  been  delivered,  and  the  bearer 
thereof  returned  to  the  Busy,  than  she  stood  towards  the  fleet, 
and  fired  a  shot  athwart  the  bows  of  the  nearest  ship,  to  make 
her  shorten  sail ;  upon  which  the  frigate  hailed  in  token  of 
submission,  and  sent  an  officer  to  Captain  Ommanney,  with  a 
list  of  the  convoy,  and  the  Commodore's  instructions,  which 
directed  him  not  to  suffer  the  vessels  under  his  charge  to  be 
searched  at  sea ;  but  in  case  of  meeting  with  any  'British 
cruiser,  to  proceed  with  her  to  an  English  port,  for  the  pur- 
pose of  being  examined.  On  his  way  to  the  Downs,  Captain 
Ommanney  fell  in  with  a  squadron  under  the  orders  of  the 
present  Vice-Admiral  Lawford,  who  had  been  cruising  off  the 
Flemish  banks  for  a  period  of  six  weeks,  in  order  to  intercept 
this  very  fleet. 

Captain  Ommanney  being  now  relieved  from  his  charge, 
returned  to  his  station  off  Goree,  and  some  time  afterwards 
received  a  letter  from  the  Secretary  of  the  Admiralty,  inform- 
ing him  that  the  Lords  Commissioners  "  very  highly  ap- 
proved of  his  conduct"  on  the  above  occasion.  He  then 
joined  the  expedition  sent  against  the  Helder  f ;  and  on  the 
16th  Sept.  following,  captured  le  Dragon,  a  French  lugger 
privateer  of  16  guns.  This  vessel  had  for  a  length  of  time  an- 
noyed our  trade  in  the  North  Sea  ;  and  when  discovered  by 

*  She  was  commanded  by  Baron  Oderstroom. 
t  See  Vol.  I,  note  at  p.  414,  et  seq. 

VOL.  II.  X 


306  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

the  Busy,  was  running  along  the  Dutch  coast  on  her  return  to 
Dunkirk  from  the  coast  of  Norway.  After  a  short  chase  she 
anchored  in  the  midst  of  a  very  heavy  surf,  but  by  skill  and 
good  management  was  soon  brought  out.  Ten  of  her  crew 
being  British  subjects,  endeavoured  to  land  on  the  beach,  but 
only  two  succeeded  ;  the  remainder  perished. 

In  Jan.  1800,  the  Busy  was  ordered  to  the  Leeward 
Islands,  and  Captain  Ornmanney  received  a  letter  from  Earl 
Spencer,  who  then  presided  at  the  Admiralty,  recommending 
him  to  Lord  Hugh  Seymour,  the  Commander-in-  Chief  on 
that  station,  and  expressing  a  wish  that  his  Lordship  might 
soon  have  an  opportunity  of  promoting  him.  In  the  course 
of  a  few  months,  however,  he  became  so  much  debilitated  by 
sickness,  as  to  render  it  absolutely  necessary  to  give  up  his 
brig  and  return  to  England,  where  he  arrived  at  the  latter 
end  of  September. 

As  a  compensation  for  his  loss  of  health,  Earl  Spencer, 
who  for  kindness  and  liberality  of  conduct  has  never  been 
excelled,  immediately  gave  Captain  Ommanney  a  temporary 
appointment  to  the  Garland  frigate  at  Plymouth,  and  a  few 
days  after  sent  him  a  post  commission  dated  Oct.  16,  1800. 
During  the  last  year  of  the  war  our  officer  commanded  in 
succession  the  Hussar  frigate,  Robust  74,  and  Barfleur  of  98 
guns,  on  Channel  service  :  the  latter  ship,  bearing  the  flag  of 
Rear- Admiral  Collingwood,  was  paid  off  in  May  1802.  From 
June  1804  till  March  1806,  he  served  as  Flag-Captain  to  his 
early  friend  Sir  Erasmus  Gower,  on  the  Newfoundland  station. 

Captain  Ommanney  has  been  for  several  years  an  active 
magistrate  for  the  counties  of  Southampton  and  Surrey.  He 
married,  in  Oct.  1803,  Frances,  daughter  of  Richard  Ayling, 
of  Slidham,  co^  Sussex,  Esq.  and  has  issue  four  daughters. 

Agent. — Sir  Francis  M.  Ommanney,  M.  P. 


HENRY  STUART,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant  in  1793  ;  Commander 
Oct.  7,  1799  ;  and  Post-Captain  Oct.  16,  1800. 
Agent. — Sir  Francis  M.  Ommanney,  M.  P. 


.11 


POST-CAPTAINS    OP    1800.  307 

ZACHARY  MUDGE,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer,  a  son  of  the  late  eminent  Dr.  Mudge  of  Ply- 
mouth, co.  Devon  *,  was  made  a  Lieutenant  about  1789 ; 
and  in  that  capacity  accompanied  Captain  Vancouver  to 
Nootka  Sound  f,  from  whence  he  was  despatched  to  India  in 
an  open  vessel,  with  a  crew  of  only  14  men.  In  1799,  he 
commanded  the  Fly  sloop  of  war,  and  captured  la  Gleneur 
French  privateer  of  6  guns  and  32  men,  off  Portland. 

During  the  ensuing  year,  the  Fly  was  nearly  lost  on  an 
immense  island  of  ice,  near  the  banks  of  Newfoundland, 
whilst  on  her  passage  from  Halifax  to  England,  with  despatches 
from  H.  R.  H.  the  late  Duke  of  Kent.  She  also  captured  le 
Trompeur,  a  French  cutter  privateer,  off  la  Hogue.  Captain 
Mudge's  post  commission  bears  date  Nov.  15,  1800.  His 
next  appointment  was  to  la  Constance  of  24  guns. 

In  the  spring  of  1801,  Captain  Mudge  received  the  thanks 
of  the  British  Consuls  and  Merchants  at  Lisbon  and  Oporto, 
for  the  services  he  had  rendered  them,  by  convoying  a  fleet 
from  Falmouth  to  Portugal  in  safety,  and  for  his'very  great 
activity  in  collecting  some  vessels  at  Viana,  laden  with  brandy, 
without  which  the  wines  could  not  have  been  got  ready  in 
time  to  go  home  under  his  protection.  About  the  same  period 
he  captured  £1  Dduides,  a  Spanish  national  cutter  of  8  guns 
and  69  men ;  a  lugger  privateer  of  2  guns  and  27  men ;  and  a 
brig  laden  with  West  Indian  produce. 

Having  seen  eighty-two  vessels  deeply  laden  with  port 
wine  to  their  destination  in  safety,  Captain  Mudge  again 
sailed  for  Oporto,  and  on  the  27th  July,  1801,  Cape  Ortegal 
bearing  south  four  miles,  he  discovered  a  brig  and  a  lugger 
rounding  the  point,  within  a  quarter  of  a  mile  of  the  shore. 
Relying  on  the  accuracy  of  the  Spanish  charts  in  his  posses- 
sion, he  ran  la  Constance  so  close  to  the  Firgu  rocks,  as  to 
oblige  the  strangers  to  pass  through  the  inner  channel,  each 
receiving  a  broadside  as  she  passed.  The  Stork  of  18  guns, 
which  had  hove  in  sight  to  leeward,  now  stood  into  the  bay, 
and  compelled  the  brig  to  run  on  shore  directly  under  a  high 

*  The  Mudges  are  remarkable  for  their  literary  and  scientific  abilities, 
f  See  p.  200. 
x  2 


308  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

cliff,  from  whence  the  militia  of  the  country  kept  up  a  constant 
though  ill-directed  fire  on  the  British  boats,  commanded  by 
Lieutenant  Stupart  of  la  Constance,  who  gallantly  pushed  in 
and  hove  her  off  without  loss.  She  proved  to  be  £1  Cantara, 
Spanish  privateer  of  22  guns  and  110  men :  her  consort, 
mounting  10  guns,  was  also  taken,  as  were  two  French  brigs 
laden  with  brandy,  soon  after. 

Towards  the  latter  end  of  the  same  year,  Captain  Mudge 
conveyed  General  Count  Viomenil  and  his  suite  from  Ports- 
mouth to  Lisbon.  On  the  2/th  March,  1802,  the  Active 
frigate  arrived  in  theTagus  from  Gibraltar,  and  passing  Belem 
castle,  took  up  an  anchorage  which  appeared  to  her  com- 
mander the  best  and  safest  in  the  river.  This  appears  to 
have  offended  the  Portuguese,  who,  the  same  evening,  seized 
the  bargemen  of  the  British  ships,  whilst  they  were  waiting 
for  their  respective  Captains  at  the  usual  landing  place,  and 
without  assigning  any  cause,  lodged  them  in  a  subterraneous 
cell  belonging  to  the  police  guard.  Upon  Captain  Mudge  and 
his  brother  officer  demanding  the  liberation  of  their  boats' 
crews,  they  were  themselves  conducted  to  the  main  guard, 
and  shut  up  "in  one  of  the  commanding  officer's  apartments, 
exposed  to  thejnsults  of  the  soldiers.  As  soon  as  H,  R.  H. 
the  Duke  of  Sussex,  who  happened  to  be  at  Lisbon,  was  in- 
formed of  this  transaction,  he  went  in  company  with  General 
Fraser  and  Mr.  Frere,  to  the  proper  authority,  and  demanded 
their  release  ;  but,  notwithstanding  all  the  zeal  and  diligence 
of  the  Prince  and  his  attendants,  the  two  Captains  were  kept 
in  custody  more  than  thirteen  hours  ! 

After  Captain  Mudge's  return  to  England,  we  find  him  em- 
ployed conveying  a  number  of  disbanded  foreign  soldiers  from 
Lymington  to  the  Elbe.  He  was  appointed  to  the  Blanche 
Trigate.about  Oct.  1802. 

At  the  close  of  1803,  the  Blanche  was  attached  to  a  squa- 
dron under  Captain  Loring  of  the  Bellerophon,  employed  in 
the  blockade  of  St.  Domingo  ;  on  which  station  she  captured 
and  destroyed  twenty-four  of  the  enemy's  vessels  in  less  than 
a  month,  thereby  completely  checking  the  intercourse  be- 
tween the  different  ports  of  the  island  *.  During  the  ensuing 

•  We  shall  have  occasion  hereafter  to  enter  into  the  particulars  of  more 
/than  one  gallant  exploit  performed  by  the  Blanche's  boats  at  this  period. 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1800.  309 

eighteen  months,  she  cruised  with  great  activity,  and  among 
other  prizes,  took  two  French  national  vessels  of  14  guns 
each  ;  a  Dutch  schooner  of  4  guns  j  another  laden  with  hoi- 
lands  ;  a  Spanish  sloop,  with  a  cargo  of  horses  and  Nicara- 
gua wood  ;  and  two  French  privateers. 

Captain  Mudge  was  now  doomed  to  experience  a  sad  re- 
verse of  fortune.  On  the  19th  July,  1805,  the  Blanche,  being 
in  lat.  20°  20'  N.,  long.  6G°  44*  W.  fell  in  with  a  French 
squadron,  consisting  of  la  Topaze  frigate  of  44  guns  and  410 
men ;  one  ship  of  22  guns  and  236  men  ;  a  corvette  of  18 
guns  and  213  men  ;  and  a  brig  of  16  guns  and  123  men.  To* 
escape  by  sailing  was  out  of  the  question,  the  greater 
part  of  the  copper  having  been  off  her  bottom  nearly  nine 
months.  Captain  Mudge,  therefore,  made  every  disposition 
for  action,  which  began  at  11  A.  M.,  and  lasted  about  forty- 
five  minutes ;  the  frigates  constantly  within  hail  of  each 
other,  running  large  under  easy  sail ;  the  22-gun  ship  on  the 
Blanche's  starboard  quarter,  and  the  other  vessels  close  astern 
of  her.  The  British  frigate  had  by  this  time  become  un- 
governable, her  sails  being  totally  destroyed,  and  her  rigging 
cut  to  pieces  ;  she  had  also  seven  guns  dismounted,  six  feet 
water  in  the  hold,  her  fore  and  main-masts  disabled  by  the 
enemy's  shot,  8  men  killed  and  15  wounded.  Thus  situ- 
ated, Captain  Mudge  and  his  officers  considered  further  re- 
sistance unavailing,  and  at  noon  the  colours  were  struck. 

The  Blanche  was  not  destined  to  wear  French  colours.  At 
6  P.  M.,  the  officers  who  had  taken  possession,  reported  her 
to  be  sinking,  and  she  was  consequently  set  on  fire  ;  but  the 
magazine  having  been  long  drowned,  no  explosion  took  place. 
She  burnt  to  the  water's  edge  and  then  sunk  *. 

On  the  14th  Oct.  in  the  same  year,  Captain  Mudge  was 
tried  by  a  court-martial  at  Plymouth,  for  the  loss  of  his  ship, 
and  honorably  acquitted  of  all  blame.  The  President,  Rear- 
Admiral  John  Sutton,  on  returning  his  sword,  addressed  him 
in  the  following  words  : 

"  I  feel  the  greatest  satisfaction  and  pleasure  in  the  discharge  of  this 

*  The  Blanche  mounted  44  guns,  and  went  into  action  with  only  215 
men.  The  enemy's  squadron,  as  will  be  seen  above,  carried  altogether 
100  guns  and  982  men ;  of  whom  132  were  soldiers  belonging  to  the  Legion, 
du  Midi.  Their  exact  loss  we  have  not  been  able  to  ascertain- 


310  POST-CAPTAINS    OP    1800. 

part  of  my  duty,  having  to  convey  to  you  the  just  sentiments  \vhich  the 
members  of  this  Court  entertain  of  your  very  able  and  gallant  conduct  in 
the  defence  made  by  you  of  his  Majesty's  late  ship  the  Blanche,  against  a 
very  superior  force  of  the  enemy's  ships  ;  and  likewise  of  the  spirited  sup- 
port afforded  you  by  the  officers  of  every  description,  as  well  as  the  seamen 
and  royal  marines,  under  your  command,  in  the  discharge  of  their  duty ; 
and  which  reflects  upon  you  and  them  the  highest  degree  of  merit  and 
approbation." 

Captain  Mudge  subsequently  commanded  the  Phoenix 
frigate,  stationed  in  the  Channel.  On  the  29th  Jan.  1810, 
the  boats  of  that  ship,  in  company  with  those  of  the  Jalouse 
sloop,  gallantly  boarded  and  captured  le  Charles  French  brig 
privateer  of  14  guns  and  90  men.  The  Phoenix  on  this  oc- 
casion had  1  man  killed  and  another  wounded. 

Our  officer's  sister,  Elizabeth,  married  Sir  Richard  Fletcher, 
Bart.,  a  Lieutenant-Colonel  in  the  Royal  Engineers,  who  fell 
in  action  before  St.  Sebastian,  in  Aug.  1813.  His  brother, 
Colonel  Mudge  of  the  Royal  Artillery,  and  F.  R,  S.,  was  the 
author  of  "  An  Account  of  the  Operations  for  accomplishing 
the  Trigonometrical  Survey  of  England  and  Wales,  3  vols. 
4to.  1799—1811." 

Agent. — Thomas  Stilwell,  Esq. 


GEORGE  WOLFE,  ESQ. 

4.  Companion  of  the  most  Honorable  Military  Order  of  the  Bath. 

THIS  officer  was  born  Aug.  3,  1/66,  and  had  the  misfor- 
tune to  lose  his  father  when  only  eight  years  of  age.  His 
mother  (a  daughter  of  Colonel  Sharpless,  who  served  with 
credit  under  Charles,  second  l)uke  of  Marlborough),  after 
repeated  attempts  to  divert  him  from  his  early  intentions  of 
becoming  a  sailor,  at  length  yielded  to  the  persuasions  of  the 
late  Lady  Spencer,  under  whose  patronage  he  entered  the 
naval  service  as  a  Midshipman  on  board  the  Ocean  of  90 
guns,  commanded  by  Captain  George  Ourry,  April  2,  1780*. 

•  So  determined  was  the  subject  of  this  memoir  to  go  to  sea,  that  he 
twice  decamped  from  his  maternal  residence  for  that  purpose.  The  first 
time  he  succeeded  in  reaching  the  metropolis,  and  getting  on  board  an  In- 
diaman ;  but  to  his  great  disappointment,  was  delivered  up  to  his  mother 
and  brother  on  the  morning  after  his  entry.  His  second  trip  from  North- 
amptonshire towards  London,  was  interrupted  by  an  unexpected  meeting 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800.  311 

The  Ocean  formed  part  of  the  Channel  fleet  under  Admiral 
Geary,  at  the  capture  of  twelve  French  West  Indiamen,  va~ 
lued  at91,000/.,  July  3,  1/80.  She  was  likewise  present  at 
the  relief  of  Gibraltar,  by  Vice- Admiral  Darby  ;  and  the  cap- 
ture of  fifteen  transports,  laden  with  military  stores  and  full 
of  troops,  in  1/81  ;  as  also  at  the  capture  of  twelve  others, 
April  20,  1782  *. 

Mr.  Wolfe  continued  in  the  Ocean,  which  ship  was  suc- 
cessively commanded  by  Captains  Ourry,  Edgar,  Cleland,  and 
Phipps,  till  May  1/82,  when  he  was  removed  into  the  Royal 
George,  a  first  rate,  bearing  the  flag  of  Rear- Admiral  Kemp- 
enfelt,  in  the  Channel  fleet.  Fortunately  for  him  he  escaped 
sharing  the  fate  of  many  of  his  former  messmates,  who  were 
lost  in  that  noble  vessel  at  Spithead,  by  following  Captain 
Phipps  into  the  Berwick  of  74  guns.  This  may  with  pro- 
priety be  termed  the  third  miraculous  escape  he  had  expe- 
rienced in  less  than  two  years  and  a  half,  from  the  commence- 
ment of  his  professional  career  f. 

The  Berwick  accompanied  Earl  Howe  to  the  relief  of  Gib- 
raltar, in  1782  5  and  bore  a  part  in  the  subsequent  action  with 
the  combined  fleets  off  Cape  Spartel,  on  which  occasion  Mr. 
Wolfe  was  wounded  in  the  face  and  neck.  During  the  re- 
mainder of  the  war,  we  find  her  stationed  in  the  West  Indies, 
under  the  orders  of  Admiral  Pigot.  She  was  put  out  of  com- 
mission June  30,  1783.  • 

with  some  friends  of  the  family,  by  whom  he  was  compelled  to  return 
home,  after  trudging  twenty-two  miles  on  foot  in  pursuit  of  his  favorite 

object. 

*  See  Vol.  I.  p.  4,  note  J  at  p.  33,  pp.  58,  and  15. 

t  During  the  whiter  of  1780,  while  the  Ocean  was  lying  with  the  grand 
fleet  in  Torbay,  her  launch  was  sent  to  Torquay  for  water  j  and  Mr. 
Wolfe  having  been  engaged  to  dine  with  the  father  of  his  messmate,  Mr. 
Broderick  Hartwell,  was  descending  the  side  for  the  purpose  of  going  on 
shore  by  her,  when  the  boat-rope  broke,  and  caused  him  to  be  left  behind. 
On  her  return,  the  launch  unfortunately  sunk,  and  a  Lieutenant,  2  Midship- 
men, one  of  whom  was  Mr.  Hartwell,  and  19  seamen  perished. 

Soon  after  this  melancholy  catastrophe,  the  Ocean  and  several  other 
ships  struck  the  ground  in  Torbay,  unshipped  their  rudders,  and  were 
under  the  necessity  of  proceeding  to  Portsmouth  to  repair  their  damages. 
Early  in  1781,  Mr.  Wolfe  fell  overboard  whilst  playing  about  the  Ocean's 
hulk  in  a  small  boat,  and  was  carried  by  the  tide  to  the  mouth  of  the  har- 
bour, before  he  could  be  rescued  from  his  perilous  situation. 


312  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

During  the  ensuing  peace,  Mr.  Wolfe  served  in  the  various 
ships  commanded  by  Captains  Herbert  Sawyer,  Charles 
Chamberlayne,  Robert  Fanshawe,  Charles  M.  Pole,  J.  Smith, 
and  Thomas  Hicks. 

In  1790,  an  explosion  accidentally  took  place  on  board  the 
Orion  74,  Captain  Chamberlayne,  then  at  anchor  in  Carlisle 
Bay,  Barbadoes.  Mr.  Wolfe  was  at  that  time  confined  to  his 
bed  by  a  fever,  which  had  already  carried  off  23  men,  and  to 
which  the  Surgeon,  who  was  an  atheist,  predicted  he  would 
also  fall  a  victim  in  less  than  twenty-four  hours.  So  great 
was  the  alarm  among  the  crew,  that  many  of  the  people 
jumped  through  the  ports  and  were  drowned.  During  the 
confusion,  Mr.  Wolfe's  cot  was  broken  down,  and  as  he  lay 
on  the  deck,  his  ears  were  assailed  by  the  dreadful  cries  of 
some  who  were  drowning,  and  others  in  distress.  Not  relish- 
ing the  idea  of  being  burnt  alive,  he  contrived  to  pull  on  his 
trowsers  and  crawl  to  the  gun-room  ports,  where  he  saw  the 
Surgeon  hanging  by  the  rudder  chains,  kicking  and  screaming 
most  furiously,  and  holding  out  his  purse  as  an  inducement 
for  a  boat  that  had  been  sent  to  the  Orion's  assistance,  to 
come  and  save  him  from  being  devoured  by  the  sharks  :  so 
much  for  the  carelessness  about  futurity,  of  a  person  who 
denied  the  existence  of  a  God,  and  attributed  "  surrounding 
nature  and  all  its  astonishing  phoenomena  to  chance,  or  a  for- 
tuitous concourse  of  atoms  *."  Strengthened  in  an  extraor- 
dinary manner  by  the  fright  to  which  he  had  been  subjected, 
Mr.  Wolfe  managed  to  hand  the  poor  wretch  a  rope's  end, 
by  which  he  was  enabled  once  more  to  obtain  a  firm  footing 
on  the  Orion's  deck,  and  observe  the  recovery  of  his  patient ; 
the  preservation  of  whose  life  may  reasonably  be  attributed 
to  his  dormant  pulse  being  suddenly  roused  into  action  by 
the  terror  excited  in  his  breast,  on  hearing  the  appalling  cry 
of  "  fire,"  and  witnessing  the  despair  of  his  shipmates. 

At  the  commencement  of  the  French  revolutionary  war, 
Mr.  Wolfe,  who  had  passed  his  examination  upwards  of  four 
years,  joined  the  Windsor  Castle,  a  second  rate,  bearing  the 
flag  of  Rear-Admiral  Cosby,  with  whom  he  soon  after  sailed 

*  See  an  account  of  the  sect  calling  themselves  atheists,  in  Evans's  Sketch 
of  all  Religions,  p.  2,  et  seq. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800.  313 

for  the  Mediterranean  station.  During  the  occupation  of 
Toulon  by  the  allied  forces,  he  served  as  a  volunteer  in  se- 
veral land  and  floating  batteries,  and  was  consequently  often 
engaged  with  the  enemy.  After  the  evacuation  of  that  place, 
and  while  the  fleet  was  lying  among  the  Hieres  islands,  an 
hospital  ship  parted  her  cable,  and  drifted  into  a  small  bay, 
where  she  was  completely  commanded  by  the  republicans. 
The  boats  of  the  fleet  were  immediately  sent  to  take  out  her 
wounded  and  sick  inmates  ;  but  owing  to  the  sharp  fire  kept 
up  by  the  enemy  from  behind  a  breastwork,  as  they  approach- 
ed, the  Windsor  Castle's  launch,  commanded  by  Mr.  Richard 
Hawkins,  a  Midshipman,  was  the  only  boat  that  succeeded 
in  boarding  her.  On  this  occasion,  one  of  the  launch's 
crew  was  killed,  but  12  wounded  soldiers  were  rescued. 

It  being  determined  to  renew  the  attempt,  an  order  was 
issued  for  all  the  boats  to  assemble  alongside  a  frigate,  sent 
in  shore  to  cover  them  in  their  approach.  The  Windsor 
Castle's  launch  was  this  time  commanded  by  Mr.  Wolfe,  who 
volunteered  his  services,  and  was  fortunate  enough  to  bring 
off  13  more  of  the  wounded  men.  He  was  soon  followed  by 
a  boat  manned  with  French  royalists,  who  behaved  most 
nobly,  and  the  vessel  was  at  length  finally  cleared,  and  after- 
wards set  on  fire  by  Lieutenant  Thomas  George  Shortland, 
of  the  Nemesis.  In  the  execution  of  this  hazardous  service, 
Mr.  Wolfe  was  very  much  hurt  by  a  soldier  in  a  heavy  wooden 
cradle  falling  from  the  gunwale  of  the  hospital  ship  into  the 
launch,  striking  him  on  his  head,  and  bending  him  backwards 
with  such  violence,  as  to  cause  the  blood  to  gush  from  every 
aperture  in  his  head  and  body.  In  consequence  of  this  acci- 
dent, he  was  confined  to  his  hammock  for  the  space  of  two 
months ;  a  circumstance,  which  however  painful  in  itself,  was 
by  no  means  so  mortifying  to  him  as  that  of  seeing  the  Lieu- 
tenant who  had  been  sent  from  the  Victory  to  command  the 
boats  promoted  to  the  rank  of  Commander,  whilst  his  own 
conduct  and  sufferings  passed  unrewarded. 

Subsequent  to  his  recovery,  Mr.  Wolfe  served  on  shore, 
under  Captains  Serecold,  Miller,  and  Cooke,  at  the  reduction 
of  Corsica.  By  the  latter  officer  he  was  introduced  to  Lord 
Hood,  who  received  him  very  kindly,  and  ordered  him  to  be 


314  POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1800. 

removed  to  the  Victory  ;  in  which  ship  he  returned  to  England 
as  Master's  Mate,  towards  the  close  of  1794. 

On  his  arrival  at  Portsmouth,  Mr.  Wolfe  was  advanced  to 
the  rank  of  Lieutenant  in  the  Phaeton  frigate,  commanded  by 
the  Hon.  Robert  Stopford,  with  whom  he  continued  about 
two  years  and  nine  months  *.  In  Sept.  1797j  he  was  made 
a  Commander,  and  appointed  to  the  Sally  armed  ship,  on  the 
North  Sea  station. 

Soon  after  this  promotion,  Captain  Wolfe  being  on  a  cruise 
off  the  Yorkshire  coast,  in  a  very  thick  fog,  suddenly  found 
himself  close  to  a  French  ship,  which  afterwards  proved  to  be  le 
Republicain  of  36  guns  and  360  men.  The  Sally,  originally  a 
collier,  mounted  14  old  fashioned carronades  (24-pounders),and 
had  a  complement  of  45  men.  Onthefogbeginning  to  disperse, 
the  enemy,  then  within  pistol-shot,  was  observed  lowering  a 
boat  to  take  possession  of  his  expected  prize,  whose  starboard 
guns,  loaded  with  two  rounds  of  grape-shot,  were  instanta- 
neously discharged  into  the  French  frigate,  and  with  such 
effect  as  to  bring  down  her  jib  and  spanker,  which  afforded 
Captain  Wolfe  an  opportunity  of  putting  about  and  effecting 
his  escape :  the  confusion  on  board  le  Republicain,  occasioned 
by  this  unexpected  salute,  being  so  great,  that  by  the  time  she 
had  wore  and  come  to  the  wind  on  the  other  tack,  the  Sally 
was  at  least  a  mile  on  her  weather  bow.  Captain  Wolfe's- 
conduct  on  this  occasion  was  highly  approved  by  the  Admi- 
ralty. » 

The  Sally  was  afterwards  employed  affording  protection  to 
the  Baltic  and  Hamburgh  trade  ;  and  in  the  course  of  the  two 
following  years,  captured  several  Dutch  vessels,  two  of  which 
were  Greenlandmen  f. 

, 

•  The  Phaeton  was  one  of  the  squadron  that  escorted  the  Princess  Caro- 
line of  Brunswick  from  Cuxhaven  to  England,  in  April  1795.  She  after- 
wards resumed  her  station  in  the  Channel ;  and  among  other  services,  des- 
troyed I'Echoue"  of  28  guns  j  captured  la  Bonne  Citoyenne  of  20  guns  ; 
three  large  privateers,  and  a  number  of  merchant  vessels  j  and  assisted  at 
the  capture  of  two  French  frigates,  one  mounting  36,  the  other  30  guns. 
She  also  formed  part  of  the  squadron  under  Vice-Admiral  Cormvallis, 
during  his  masterly  retreat ;  an  account  of  which  will  be  found  in  Vol.  I. 
note  *,  at  p.  354. 

t  The  Cruiser,  Captain  Charles  Wollaston,  was  in  company  at  thi* 
latter  capture. 


POST- CAPTAINS  OF    1800.  315 

Captain  Wolfe  obtained  pest  rank  Dec.  10,  1800 ;  and  was 
appointed  to  the  Galatea  of  32  guns  in  April  1801.  During 
the  ensuing  peace,  we  find  him  employed  conveying  troops 
from  Guernsey  and  different  ports  in  England,  to  Holland. 
His  next  appointment  was  Dec.  24,  1802,  to  the  Aigle  fri- 
gate, then  recently  launched;  and  in  March  following  he 
received  orders  to  repair  to  Portland,  for  the  purpose  of  im- 
pressing seamen,  and  raising  volunteers  for  the  navy.  On 
his  arrival  he  communicated  with  the  Mayor  of  Weymouth, 
and  found  that  the  sailors  belonging  to  that  neighbourhood 
had  placed  themselves  under  the  protection  of  the  stone  quarry 
men,  who  soon  proceeded  to  acts  of  violence  against  his  own 
people,  who  after  being  severely  handled,  were  obliged  to  re- 
treat from  the  quay  to  their  boats.  Confiding  in  the  pro- 
mise of  the  Mayor,  who  had  agreed  to  furnish  a  sufficient 
number  of  constables  to  assist  him  and  preserve  order,  Cap- 
tain Wolfe  landed,  at  4  P.  M.  on  the  1st  April,  at  the  head  of 
50  seamen  and  marines,  but  had  scarcely  got  on  shore  before 
his  party  were  fired  on  by  a  number  of  sailors  collected  on 
the  beach;  A  scuffle  now  ensued,  and  two  of  the  rioters, 
named  Porter  and  Wey,  were  secured,  the  one  armed  with  a 
poker,  the  other  with  a  reap-hook.  The  remainder  of  the 
mob  retiring  towards  the  Bill  of  Portland,  were  soon  re-in- 
forced  by  nearly  300  men,  armed  with  muskets,  pistols,  and 
cutlasses,  which  had  been  plundered  from  the  transports 
wrecked  on  that  coast  in  1/95  *.  This  formidable  body, 
urged  on  by  two  constables,  lost  no  time  in  attacking  their 
unwelcome  visitors,  16  or  17  of  whom  were  dreadfully  wound- 
ed. At  length,  after  the  most  patient  forbearance  on  the  part 
of  Captain  Wolfe,  who  was  himself  seized  and  cruelly  treat- 
ed, the  marines  opened  their  fire,  killed  4  of  the  rioters,  and 
obliged  the  remainder  to  retreat  j  which  they  did  with  so 
much  precipitation,  that  only  3  could  be  secured  f. 

As  soon  as  the  Aigle's  wounded  men  reached  their  ship, 
Captain  Wolfe  despatched  a  Lieutenant,  (the  present  Earl  of 

*  See  Vol.  I.  note  f,  at  p.  89. 

f  John  Manning,  a  quarter-master  belonging  to  the  Aigle,  bad  his  cut- 
lass broken  whilst  warding  off  a  blow  aimed  at  his  Captain's  head.  Nine 
of  the  wounded  men  were  discharged  from  the  service,  in  consequence  of 
the  injuries  they  received. 


316  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1800. 

Huntingdon)  to  lay  a  correct  account  of  this  unfortunate  af- 
fair before  the  Admiralty,  and  prevent  the  misrepresentations 
with  which  public  opinion  is  usually  abused  in  like  cases j 
but  on  his  landing  at  Weymouth,  that  officer  and  Mr.  Morgan, 
a  Midshipman,  were  recognized  by  the  mob,  who  seized  them, 
and  compelled  the  Mayor,  by  threatening  worse  consequences, 
to  commit  them  to  Dorchester  gaol  for  the  alleged  murder  of 
the  unhappy  men  who  had  fallen  the  victims  of  their  own 
disloyal  conduct. 

The  Coroner  having  returned  a  verdict  of  wilful  murder 
against  Captain  Wolfe,  Lieutenant  Francis  Hastings,  Lieute- 
nant Jefferies  of  the  marines,  and  Mr.  John  Fortescue  Morgan, 
the  Midshipman,  those  gentlemen  surrendered  themselves  for 
trial  at  the  ensuing  summer  assizes,  and  after  a  full  investiga- 
tion of  their  conduct  were  fully  acquitted,  the  jury  agreeing 
that  they  had  merely  acted  in  self  defence  *. 

*  The  following  circumstances  connected  with,  this  unfortunate  affray, 
will  serve  to  shew  how  deeply  the  principle  of  self-love  is  implanted  in  the 
heart  of  man.  The  Coroner,  an  attorney,  finding  that  another  limb  of  the 
law  was  engaged  to  draw  up  the  affidavits  of  those  officers  against  whom 
he  had  returned  a  verdict  of  murder,  went  on  board  the  Aigle  and  begged 
Captain  Wolfe  to  employ  him  ;  stating,  at  the  same  time,  that  the  verdict 
was  given  in  consequence  of  his  dreading  the  resentment  of  the  populace, 
had  he  acted  more  leniently.  A  surgeon  of  the  same  town,  having  an  eye 
to  numler  one,  also  waited  upon  Captain  Wolfe,  and  solicited  him  to  en- 
trust the  Aigle's  wounded  men  to  his  care ;  stating  that  he  had  had  the  charge 
of  all  the  sick  men  belonging  to  the  navy  who  had  come  into  Portland  road 
during  the  late  war,  and  if  Captain  Wolfe  would  comply  with  his  request, 
he  should  be  able  to  obtain  a  renewal  of  the  former  contract.  On  the 
morning  of  the  trial,  this  disciple  of  ^Esculapius  made  his  appearance  in 
court,  and  stated  that  a  young  girl  who  had  received  a  wound  in  the  late 
tumult,  declared  to  him  before  her  death,  that  Captain  Wolfe  was  the  per- 
son who  had  shot  her.  We  do  not  pretend  to  divine  by  what  motives  he 
was  actuated;  but  this  we  know,  that  the  grand  jury  rejected  his  evidence 
in  toto. 

The  unfortunate  girl  alluded  to  was  a  sister  of  one  of  the  impressed  men, 
James  Wey,  by  whom  Captain  Wolfe  was  first  apprised  of  her  being 
wounded.  Two  days  after  the  riot,  her  father,  by  his  dismal  account  of 
her  sufferings,  prevailed  on  Captain  Wolfe  to  liberate  his  son,  whom  he 
<lescribed  as  the  only  support  of  himself  and  family.  About  a  week  after, 
the  old  man,  who  had  previously  received  two  guineas  from  Captain  Wolfe 
to  procure  necessaries  for  the  girl,  wrote  a  distressing  letter,  begging  him 
to  forward  five  pounds  to  pay  the  surgeon's  bill.  On  the  latter  being  asked 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1800.  3I/ 

In  the  interim,  between  the  holding  of  the  coroner's  inquest 
and  his  trial,  Captain  Wolfe  went  on  a  cruise,  and  was  fortu- 
nate enough  to  intercept  six  homeward  bound  French  West 
Indiamen.  Towards  the  latter  end  of  the  same  year,  he  cap- 
tured, after  a  long  chase,  1' Alert  privateer  of  16  guns  and  90 
men. 

On  the  12th  July,  1804,  the  Aigle  fell  in  with  two  French 
corvettes,  proceeding  from  Rochefort  to  Bayonne,  with  ord- 
nance and  stores  for  a  ship  of  war  just  launched  at  that  port. 
These  vessels,  at  first,  seemed  resolved  to  try  their  strength 
with  the  British  frigate  ;  but  on  her  near  approach,  fired  a 
single  broadside,  and  ran  on  shore  about  ten  leagues  to  the 
southward  of  Cordouan.  Every  effort  was  made  by  Captain 
Wolfe,  during  the  ensuing  night  and  part  of  the  next  day,  to 
get  them  afloat  again,  but  without  effect ;  and  he  was  at  length 
obliged  to  destroy  them  by  fire.  They  proved  to  be  la  Cha- 
rante  of  twenty  6-pounders,  4  swivels,  and  104  men ;  and  la 
Joie  of  eight  12-pounders  (pierced  for  14  guns),  2  swivels, 
and  75  men.  The  greater  part  of  their  crews  escaped  to  the 
shore  ;  several  were  drowned  by  the  swamping  of  the  boats, 
owing  to  the  heavy  surf  on  the  beach ;  and  the  remainder, 
amounting  to  26  officers  and  men,  were  taken  prisoners. 

In  Sept.  1805,  Captain  Wolfe,  being  off  Vigo,  was  attacked 
during  a  calm,  by  nine  Spanish  gun -boats.  After  an  hour's 
cannonade^  a  breeze  sprung  up,  and  enabled  him  to  capture 
the  Commodore's  vessel,  sink  another,  and  drive  the  rest  on 
shore.  The  prize  carried  a  long  24-pounder,  and  29  men, 
4  of  whom  belonged  to  the  artillery. 

From  this  period,  we  find  no  particular  mention  of  Captain 
Wolfe  till  March  1808 ;  in  the  course  of  which  month,  he 
discovered  two  French  frigates  pushing  for  1'Orient,  under  a 
press  of  sail.  The  Aigle,  at  this  time  cruising  near  the 
Glenan  islands,  immediately  went  in  pursuit,  passing  between 
Isle  Groais  and  the  main  ;  and  after  sustaining  a  heavy  fire 

why  he  had  not  informed  Captain  Wolfe  what  Mary  Wey  had  said,  when 
he  solicited  the  care  of  the  Aigle's  men,  which  was  several  days  after  she 
had  been  wounded,  he  replied,  that  she  did  not  make  the  declaration  till 
three  weeks  after.  We  should  here  state,  though  not  without  cautioning1 
the  young  officer  against  acting  precipitately  in  such  a  case,  that  the  Court 
acquainted  Captain  Wolfe  he  had  done  wrong  in  communicating  with  the 
Mayor  of  Weymouth,  when  acting  under  an  order  from  the  King  in  Council. 


318  POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1800. 

from  the  land  batteries  on  both  sides,  compelled  one  of  the 
enemy's  ships  to  take  shelter  under  a  fort  on  the  S.  E.  side 
of  the  island.  The  other,  la  Furieuse  of  40  guns,  was  soon 
after  brought  to  close  action,  and  ultimately  obliged  to  run 
ashore  on  Point  du  Chat.  The  Aigle,  in  this  dashing  affair, 
had  three  guns  split  and  dismounted,  a  bower  anchor  cut  in 
two,  her  masts  and  yards  much  damaged,  and  22  officers  and 
men  wounded  :  among  the  former  we  find  the  names  of  Cap- 
tain Wolfe  and  Lieutenant  Lamb.  She  subsequently  cap- 
tured, after  a  long  chase,  les  Six  Freres  of  18  guns,  from 
Bourdeaux  bound  to  the  Mauritius. 

The  Aigle  formed  part  of  the  detachment  sent  from  Lord 
Gambier's  fleet  to  attack  a  French  squadron  in  Aix  Roads, 
April  12, 1809 ;  and  on  that  occasion  was  the  second  ship 
which  opened  her  fire  on  the  enemy.  After  assisting  at  the 
destruction  of  four  2-deckers,  Captain  Wolfe  relieved  Lord 
Cochrane  in  the  command  of  the  advanced  squadron,  consist- 
ing of  a  bomb,  several  gun-brigs,  and  other  small  vessels ; 
Obliged  the  enemy  to  burn  a  frigate  which  had  got  on  shore 
in  the  Charante,  and  the  remainder  of  their  ships  to  retreat 
up  that  river,  after  throwing  overboard  all  their  guns  and 
stores.  On  this  anxious  and  fatiguing  service,  he  continued 
as  long  as  there  existed  a  possibility  of  annoying  and  harras- 
sing  the  fugitives ;  the  Aigle  preserving  her  station  above 
the  Boyart  shoal,  although  much  exposed  to  an  attack  from 
the  French  gun-boats,  for  a  period  of  fifteen  days,  during 
which  Captain  Wolfe  was  never  once  in  bed. 

On  the  llth  Aug.  following,  the  Aigle  had  1  man  killed 
and  4  dreadfully  wounded,  by  the  explosion  of  an  18-inch 
shell,  which  fell  on  board  her  when  forcing  the  passage  of  the 
Scheldt,  in  company  with  a  squadron  of  frigates,  under  the 
orders  of  Lord  William  Stuart  *. 

In  Sept.  1810,  Captain  Wolfe  being  on  a  cruise  off  the 
Western  islands,  fell  in  with,  and  after  a  chase  of  one  hun- 
dred and  thirty-four  miles,  in  thirteen  hours,  captured  le 
Phoenix  French  privateer,  mounting  eighteen  18-pounders, 

*  The  shell  passed  through  the  bulwark,  quarter,  main,  and  lower- 
decks,  to  the  bread  room,  where  it  burst.  The  splinters,  in  their  ascent 
through  the  decks,  occasioned  the  loss  we  have  stated- 


POST-CAPTAINS   OP    1801.  319 

with  a  complement  of  129  men,  commanded  by  M.  Jacques 
Perrond,  a  Lieutenant  in  the  French  navy,  and  a  Member  of 
the  Legion  of  Honor  *.  In  addition  to  the  foregoing  services, 
he  appears  to  have  taken,  at  different  times  during  the  war, 
two  Prussian,  three  Danish,  one  American,  one  Russian,  and 
upwards  of  one  hundred  and  fifty  French  vessels  ;  the  lat- 
ter principally  coasters  of  from  10  to  100  tons.  He  was  no- 
minated a  C.  B.  in  1815. 


HENRY  HILL,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  is  a  son  of  the  late  Colonel  Hill,  of  St.  Boni- 
face, in  the  Isle  of  Wight,  who  served  during  the  German 
war  as  aid-de-camp  to  Count  de  Lipp. 

He  entered  the  naval  service  in  1787,  as  a  Midshipman  on 
board  the  Vestal  of  28  guns,  commanded  by  Sir  Richard 
John  Strachan,  with  whom  he  removed  into  the  Phoenix  fri- 
gate, on  the  East  India  station  ;  where  he  was  engaged  in  a 
variety  of  service,  particularly  that  of  transporting  the  batter- 
ing train,  &c.,  belonging  to  the  Malabar  army,  up  the  Bally- 
patam  river,  to  the  foot  of  the  Ghauts  ;  and  in  the  action  with 

la  Resolu  French  frigate,  Nov.  19, 1791  f.     On  one  occasion, 

ii. 

*  Mr.  Perrond  was  a  most  experienced  and  scientific  officer.  He  had 
previously  commanded  the  Bellona  privateer  upwards  of  nine  years  in  the 
East  Indies,  where  he  committed  great  depredations  on  our  commerce. 
Le  Phoenix  was  a  beautiful  ship,  built  in  imitation  of  the  Bellona.  She 
tried  the  Aigle  on  every  point  of  sailing;  and  had  there  been  less  wind, 
would  most  likely  have  escaped  from  her,  as  she  had  before  done  from 
four  other  cruisers.  The  capture  of  so  fine  a  vessel  may  justly  be  deemed 
a  service  of  importance. 

t  See  Vol.  I.  pp.  284  and  285.  N.  B.  Since  the  publication  of  our  first 
volume,  we  have  received  the  following  remarks  on  the  action  between 
the  Phoenix  and  Resolu,  from  an  old  and  intelligent  Post-Captain :  "  A 
correspondence  had  been  carried  on  for  some  time  between  Commodore 
Cornwallis  and  the  French  Captain,  respecting  the  right  of  searching  mer- 
chant vsssels ;  and  the  latter,  in  order  to  try  whether  the  threats  of  the 
English  Commodore  would  be  put  in  force,  got  under  way  from  Mahe* 
roads  with  two  merchant  ships  under  his  convoy,  and  passed  close  to  the 
British  squadron  of  three  frigates  in  Tellicherry  roads.  The  Phoenix  and 
Perseverance  were  both  ordered  by  signal  to  '  examine  the  strange  sails 
passing  near,'  and  both  in  consequence  weighed  and  went  in  chase ;  both 


.    / 

320  POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1801. 

whilst  employed  in  a  boat  at  the  mouth  of  the  above  river, 
he  was  upset  in  a  heavy  surf,  but  preserved  himself  by  supe- 
rior swimming :  his  companion,  a  Mr.  Robinson,  and  most 
of  the  boat's  crew,  unfortunately  perished. 

The  Phoenix  returned  to  England  in  1793  ;  and  Mr.  II  ill 
was  soon  after  removed  into  the  Boyne,  a  second  rate,  bear- 
ing the  flag  of  Sir  John  Jervis,  under  whose  auspices  he  first 
went  to  sea,  and  by  whom  he  was  almost  immediately  pro- 
moted to  tbe  rank  of  Lieutenant,  in  the  Zebra  sloop  of  war, 
commanded  by  Captain  Robert  Faulknor,  and  forming  part 
of  the  fleet  sent  to  reduce  the  French  West  India  colonies. 

The  services  of  the  Zebra  during  the  campaign  of  1794, 
were  very  conspicuous,  and  are  too  well  known  to  require 
repetition.  It  is  therefore  unnecessary  to  say  more,  than 
that  Lieutenant  Hill  was  on  all  occasions  the  constant 
associate  of  his  gallant  commander,  both  on  shore  and 
afloat  *. 

The  Rev.  Cooper  Willyams,  from  whose  work  we  have 
already  made  one  or  two  extracts,  thus  relates  a  melan- 
choly accident,  which  occurred  in  one  of  the  land  batteries, 
during  the  siege  of  Fort  Louis  : 

"  Captain  Faulknor  of  the  Zebra,  who  commanded  in  the  battery,  being 
provoked  by  the  interference  of  an  artillery  officer,  and  one  of  the  seamen 
not  obeying  him  with  alacrity,  was  provoked  to  strike  him  with  his  sword  ; 
which  unfortunately  wounded  him  mortally,  and  he  died  in  a  few  minutes. 
Captain  Faulknor  was  acquitted  by  the  court-martial  that  was  instantly 
summoned  to  investigate  the  matter  ;  and  the  circumstance  of  its  happen- 
ing in  the  heat  of  action,  when  the  least  disobedience  of  orders  involves 
the  most  fatal  consequences,  as  well  as  that  it  appeared  there  was  no  pre- 
meditated intention  of  killing  the  unfortunate  man,  but  was  a  blow  given 
from  the  impulse  of  momentary  passion,  the  sentence  was  confirmed  and 
approved." 

On  this  sad  occasion,  Lieutenant  Hill,  then  at  Point  Negro 

got  up  with  the  French  together,  and  both  were  concerned  in  the  action 
with  la  Resolu,  a  12-pounder  frigate,  though  she  only  fired  at  the  Pho3- 
nix." — It  will  be  remembered  by  our  readers,  that  the  Hon.  East  India 
Company  was  at  this  time  engaged  in  a  war  with  Tippoo  Saib,  which 
ended  only  with  his  life,  and  the  destruction  of  Seringapatam,  the  capital 
of  his  dominions ;  and  as  the  French  and  Dutch  were  known  to  be  favorable 
to  that  chieftain,  and  suspected  of  supplying  him  with  warlike  stores,  it 
became  the  duty  of  our  naval  commanders  to  watch  them  very  narrowly. 
*  See  Vol.  I.  note  at  p.  859. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OP    1801.  321 

camp,  received  the  following  letter  from  Captain  Faulknor. 
We  insert  it  for  the  purpose  of  shewing  how  much  that  offi- 
cer lamented  the  rash  act  which  he  had  committed  : 

"  Zebra,  March  14,  1794. 

"  Sir, — My  unfortunate  rashness  and  impetuosity  in  giving  a  wound  to 
a  poor  seaman,  on  service  with  me  at  the  new  battery,  has  occasioned  a 
court-martial  to  he  held  on  my  conduct  to-morrow  at  8  o'clock ;  and 
whatever  the  result  may  be,  and  one  sentence  only  I  can  apprehend,  be- 
lieve me  I  shall  care  infinitely  less  for  my  own  fate,  than  that  of  being  ac- 
cessary to  the  death  of  any  human  being,  not  the  natural  enemy  of  myself 
or  of  my  country.  The  insolent  contempt  and  provocation  from  the  unfor- 
tunate man  was  great,  and  such  as  would  have  condemned  him  to  death, 
had  I  brought  him  to  trial ;  but  the  hasty  and  sudden  punishment  I  un- 
happily inflicted  on  the  spot,  will  be  a  source  of  lasting  affliction  to  my 
mind.  Mr.  Fahie  *  and  Mr.  White  will  accompany  me  to  the  court-mar- 
tial ;  and  have  done  themselves  honor  by  their  sympathy  and  feeling. 
May  I  venture  to  ask  your  attendance  with  them  ;  and  to  hope  whatever 
difference  may  have  arisen  between  us  on  service  before,  may  at  a  period 
like  the  present  be  buried  in  oblivion.  My  heart  is  incapable  of  malice  or 
ill-will ;  and  a  temper  hasty  and  ungovernable,  previous  to  this  unfortunate 
moment,  has  been  the  only  unhappiness  of  my  life  !  I  propose  sending  for 
twelve,  if  not  all  the  people  under  your  command  on  shore ;  as  I  can 
hardly  doubt  but  they  will  give  their  testimony  of  my  character  as  a  man 
and  an  officer  of  humanity ;  it  appears  to  me,  on  an  occasion  of  this  nature, 
to  be  the  best  jury  I  can  summon.  Brigadier  Rogers,  I  have  no  doubt,  on 
your  application,  will  give  permission  for  yourself  and  them  to  embark. 
I  remain,  Dear  Sir,  with  every  sentiment  of  regard, 

"  Your  most  faithful  Servant, 

(Signed)        tc  ROBERT  FAULKNOR." 

That  this  appeal  to  Lieutenant  Hill's  feelings,  whatever 
might  have  been  the  nature  of  any  previous  misunderstanding 
between  his  commander  and  himself,  was  not  made  in  vain, 
appears  by  the  following  communication  : 

"  Dear  Sir, — I  am  sensibly  obliged  by  your  note,  and  the  sympathy 
contained  in  it.  It  would  be  a  satisfaction  to  me  to  have  the  whole  of  the 
people  on  shore  with  you,  officers  and  all,  to  attend  me  at  the  court-mar- 
tial. If  that  be  impossible,  I  must  beg  you  will  send  any  twelve  who  are 
willing  to  come  on  the  occasion,  &c.  &c. 

(Signed)        "  ROBERT  FAULKNOR." 

After  the  reduction  of  Martinique,  St.  Lucia,  &c.,  the 
Zebra  was  sent  to  the  coast  of  America  in  company  with  a 
squadron  of  frigates,  under  the  orders  of  Commodore  Josias 

*  Mr.  Fahie  (now  a  Rear- Admiral),  was  at  that  time  first  Lieutenant  of 
the  Zebra. 

VOL.    II.  Y 


322  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    J801. 

Rogers  \  but  returned  from  thence  to  the  West  Indies  at  the 
latter  end  of  the  same  year,  and  subsequently  cruised  with 
considerable  success  against  the  enemy's  privateers,  several 
of  which  she  captured  and  destroyed  *. 

In  March  1J95,  the  French  having  disembarked  on  the 
island  of  St.  Vincent,  excited  the  Caribs  to  revolt,  and  mas- 
sacre many  of  the  white  inhabitants  ;  by  which  means  nearly 
the  whole  colony  fell  into  the  possession  of  the  insurgents. 
Upon  receiving  intelligence  to  this  effect,  Captain  Skynner 
lost  no  time  in  leaving  his  cruising  ground  and  proceeding  to 
Kingston  Bay,  where  Lieutenant  Hill  was  landed  on  the  12th, 
with  a  party  of  seamen  and  a  6-pounder,  to  co-operate  with 
the  British  land  forces  then  on  the  island.    Aft  this  moment  the 
enemy  were  in  possession  of  Dorchester  hill,  a  commanding 
eminence  immediately  above  the  town  of  Kingston,  which 
they  were  preparing  to  cannonade.     The  post  taken  by  Lieu- 
tenant Hill  becoming  untenable,  he  suggested  to  the  Governor 
and   Captain  Skynner  the  necessity  of  driving  the  enemy 
from  their  position.     His  plan  being  adopted,  as  many  sea- 
men as  could  be  collected  from  the  vessels  in  the  bay  were 
landed  on  the  evening  of  the  14th ;  and  Captain  Skynner 
having  assumed  the  command  of  the  whole,  arrangements 
were  forthwith  made  for  carrying  it  into  effect.     At  midnight 
this  gallant  little  band  moved  on  to  the  attack,  preceded  by 
Lieutenant  Hill,  and  with  such  regularity  that  their  approach 
was  not  discovered  until  they  were  within  a  few  yards  of. the 
enemy's  post.     A  brisk  fire  of  musketry  now  did  much  exe- 
cution among  them  j  but  the  tars,  who  under  Faulknor  had 
stormed  Fort  Royal,  were  not  to  be  daunted  :  rushing  forward 
with  impetuosity,    they  drove   the  Caribs  from  all   points, 
and  entirely  off  the  hill,  with  the  loss  of  Chatowee,  their  chief, 
who  fought  with  great  personal  bravery  and  determination. 
In  this  brilliant  affair,  Lieutenant  Hill  received  a  very  severe 
wound  in  the  right  shoulder,  which  obliged  him  to  retire  to  his 
ship  immediately  after  the  occupation  of  Dorchester  hill,  and 
subsequently  to   return  home.      Previous  to  his  departure 
from  St.  Vincent's,  he  received  the  thanks  of  the  Governor 

*  Captain  Faulknor  having  previously  been  posted,  the  Zebra  was  now 
commanded  by  Captain  Skynner. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1801.  323 

and  House  of  Assembly,  together  with  the  most  marked  at- 
tention, and  expressions  of  gratitude  from  all  classes  of  the 
inhabitants.  Soon  after  his  arrival  in  England,  he  received 
the  following  letter  from  Drewry  Ottley,  Esq.,  second  in 
Council  of  the  above  island  : 

"  Dear  Sir. — It  is  with  great;  pleasure  that  I  hear  of  your  safe  arrival  at 
the  Isle  of  Wight,  where  I  make  no  doubt  but  that  by  the  attention  of 
your  friends,  the  skill  of  your  surgeons,  and  your  own  good  constitution 
and  high  spirits,  you  will  be  soon  restored  to  health,  and  enabled  once 
more  to  engage  in  the  service  of  your  country.  I  made  a  point  as  soon  as 
I  arrived  in  London,  to  write  to  Lord  Spencer  about  you,  and  to  explain 
to  him  the  obligations  which  our  colony  felt  for  your  gallant  and  spirited 
behaviour.  I  shewed  him  also  a  copy  of  our  vote  of  thanks.  He  ex- 
pressed himself  much  pleased  with  what  you  had  done,  and  promised  to 
take  an  early  opportunity  of  rewarding  your  services.  I  am,  dear  Sir, 
"  Your  faithful  and  obedient  Servant, 

(Sigried)        "  DREWRY  OTTLEY." 

Lieutenant  Hill  was  advanced  to  the  rank  of  Commander, 
July  24,  1795 ;  and  in  Feb.  1797,  had  the  honor  of  being 
coupled  with  Captain  Skynner,  in  a  letter  of  thanks  from  the 
Agents  for  the  colony  of  St.  Vincent.  His'  sufferings  in  con- 
sequence of  his  wound  were  long  and  severe  ;  nor  do  we  find 
him  again  in  employ  till  the  spring  of  1798,  when  he  was  ap- 
pointed to  the  Sea  Fencibles  in  the  Isle  of  Wight.  He  after- 
wards commanded  the  Gorgon,  a  44-gun  ship,  armed  en  flute, 
on  the  Mediterranean  station ;  and  Megaera  fire-vessel,  "at- 
tached to  the  Channel  fleet.  His  post  commission  bears  date 
Jan.  1,  1801. 

Captain  Hill's  subsequent  appointments  were,  in  succes- 
sion, to  the  Princess  Royal  of  98  guns  ;  Ruby  64;  Camilla 
24 ;  Orpheus  32 ;  Agincourt  64 ;  and  Naiad,  a  38-gun  fri- 
gate. 

In  April  1805,  Captain  Hill  worked  the  Orpheus  out  of  the 
Tagus  during  a  gale  of  wind,  to  the  astonishment  of  the  most 
experienced  pilots,  and  succeeded  in  conveying  and  forward- 
ing intelligence  of  the  French  and  Spanish  fleets  having  formed 
a  junction  at  Cadiz,  to  our  squadrons  off  Ferrol,  Brest,  and 
Ireland.  Previous  to,  and  after  that  event,  he  was  principally 
employed  affording  protection  to  the  trade. 

In  March,  1810,  eight  petty  officers  and  seamen  belonging 
to  the  Naiad,  were  tried  by  a  court-martial  at  Plymouth, 
on  charges  of  which  the  following  is  the  substance,  viz  : 

Y2 


324  POST-CAFFAINS    OF    1801. 

"  First,  for  making,  or  attempting  to  make,  a  mutinous  assembly,  for  thff 
purpose  of  inducing  the  ship's  company  to  desire  to  be  drafted  ;  second, 
for  knowing  of  such  assemblies  without  acquainting  their  captain  ;  third, 
for  having  endeavoured  to  excite  the  ship's  company  to  mutiny  ;  and 
lastly,  for  having  written,  or  caused  to  be  written,  an  anonymous  letter  to 
the  Secretary  of  the  Admiralty,  wherein  they  stated  their  full  determina- 
tion not  to  go  to  sea  under  the  command  of  Captain  Hill." 

The  charges  being  all  proved,  with  the  exception  of  the 
last,  three  of  the  prisoners  were  sentenced  to  death,  and  the 
remainder  to  be  flogged  round  the  fleet.  The  condemned  men 
were  afterwards  reprieved,  and  we  believe  the  greater  part,  if  not 
the  whole  of  the  others,  were  pardoned.  In  the  following  year, 
Captain  Hill  left  the  Naiad,  having  arrived  at  that  standing 
on  the  list  which  precluded  his  continuing  any  longer  in  the 
command  of  a  frigate.  He  has  not  since  been  afloat. 

Our  officer  married,  first,  Anne,  a  daughter  of  the  late  Rev. 
James  Worsley,  of  Gatcombe,  in  the  Isle  of  Wight ;  and  se- 
condly, Caroline,  a  daughter  of  the  late  Joseph  Bettesworth, 
of  Ryde,  in  the  same  island,  Esq.  By  these  marriages,  he  has 
six  sons  and  four  daughters.  His  brother,  Lieutenant-Co- 
lonel Charles  Fitzmaurice  Hill,  commanded  the  10th  regi- 
ment of  foot,  and  died  in  1811.  Another  brother,  the  Rev. 
Jutley  Hill,  is  Rector  of  Tinge  wick,  Bucks,  and  of  Bonchurch 
and  Shanklin,  in  the  Isle  of  Wight. 

Agents. — Messrs.  Cooke,  Halford,  and  Son. 


JOHN  MASON  LEWIS,  ESQ. 

Resident  Commissioner  of  the  Navy  at  Malta. 
THIS  officer  was  educated  at  the  maritime  school,  Chelsea  ; 
received  his  first  commission  in  1790 ;  served  as  a  Lieutenant 
on  board  the  Queen  of  98  guns,  in  Earl  Howe's  action,  June 
1,  1794 ;  commanded  the  Snake  sloop  of  war,  and  assisted 
at  the  capture  of  1'Hirondelle,  a  French  privateer  of  14  guns 
and  50  men,  Nov.  10, 1799  ;  and  obtained  post  rank,  Jan.  1, 
1801.  During  the  last  thirteen  or  fourteen  years  he  has  re- 
sided as  Commissioner,  successively  at  Antigua,  Bermuda, 
and  Malta. 

.— -Thomas  Stilwell,  Esq. 


POST-CAFF  AINS    OP   1801.  325 

CHARLES  WOLLASTON,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant  in  1790  ;  and  obtained 
post  rank  Jan.  1,  1801.  He  had  previously  commanded  the 
Cruiser  of  18  guns  on  the  North  Sea  station,  where  he  cap- 
tured six  French  privateers,  carrying  in  the  whole  68  guns 
and  282  men.  At  the  renewal  of  the  war  in  1803,  he  was  ap- 
pointed to  a  command  in  the  Sea  Fencible  service,  between 
Blackwater  and  the  Stour. 

Agent. — Sir  F.  M.  Ommanney,  M.  P. 


ALEXANDER  WILMOT  SCHOMBERG,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  was  made  a  Lieutenant  in  1793  j  and  obtained 
post  rank  Jan.  1, 1801. 

Agent. —  William  Marsh,  Esq. 


EDWARD  DURNFORD  KING,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  is  a  son  of  the  late  William  King,  of  South- 
ampton, Esq.,  and  a  brother  of  Captain  Andrew  King,  R.  N. 
He  first  went  to  sea  in  the  Director  of  64  guns,  commanded 
by  Captain  Thomas  West,  in  June  1789  ;  and  from  that  pe- 
riod served  in  various  ships  till  1794,  when  he  was  promoted 
to  the  rank  of  Lieutenant,  for  his  good  conduct  as  a  Midship- 
man on  board  the  Barfleur,  a  second  rate,  bearing  the  flag  of 
Rear-Adiniral  Bowyer,  in  the  memorable  actions  between 
Earl  Howe  and  M.  Villaret  de  Joyeuse,  an  account  of  which 
will  be  found  in  our  first  volume. 

After  serving  for  some  time  with  the  present  Sir  Edward 
Thornbrough,  in  the  Robust  74,  Mr.  King  joined  the  Dryad 
of  44  guns  and  25 1  men :  and  he  was  the  senior  Lieutenant 
of  that  ship  when  she  captured,  after  a  spirited  action,  la 
Proserpine,  a  French  frigate  of  42  guns  and  348  men.  His 
behaviour  on  that  occasion  procured  him  the  official  commen- 
dations of  his  Captain,  Lord  Amelius  Beauclerk,  and  he  was 
in  consequence  advanced  to  the  rank  of  Commander*,  but  we 

-  *  Mr.  James,  in  his  Naval  History,  makes  the  following  observations  on 
the  action  between  the  Dryad  and  Proserpine  •  "  Were  it  not  for  the  pre- 


326  POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1801. 

have  reason  to  believe,  did  not  obtain  an  appointment  as 
such  till  June  1708,  when  he  was  commissioned  to  the  Gaite 
sloop  of  war ;  in  which  vessel  he  cruised  with  considerable 
success  against  the  enemy's  privateers  and  trade  on  the  Lee- 
ward Islands  station,  until  Sept.  28,  1800,  when  he  was 
promoted  into  the  Leviathan  74,  bearing  the  flag  of  Rear-Ad- 
miral  Duckworth,  whom  he  served  under  at  the  reduction  of 
the  Swedish  and  Danish  West  India  colonies,  in  March, 
1801*.  He  subsequently  removed  into  the  Andromeda  fri- 
gate, and  continued  to  command  her  till  the  end  of  the  war, 
when  he  was  obliged  through  ill  health  to  return  to  Eng- 
land. 

In  April,  1805,  our  officer  was  appointed  acting  Captain  of 
the  Endymion,  during  the  absence  ef  the  Hon.  Charles  Paget ; 
and  in  that  fine  frigate,  we  find  him  employed  off  Cadiz  under 
the  gallant  Collingvvood. 

A  few  days  previous  to  the  arrival  of  the  combined  French 
and  Spanish  fleets,  Captain  King  was  detached  on  a  particular 
service  :  and  when  off  Cape  St.  Mary  fell  in  with  the  enemy, 
whose  force  consisted  of  twenty-six  sail  of  the  line,  and  nine 
frigates.  Finding  it  impracticable  to  pass  a-head  of  their 
line  for  the  purpose  of  communicating  with  his  Admiral, 
whom  he  had  left  in  shore  with  only  four  line-of-battle  ships, 
and  after  being  chased  by  two  sail  of  the  line  and  a  frigate, 
he  took  up  a  position  in  their  rear,  and  by  repeated  signals 

ponderance  given  by  the  Dryad's  carronades,  the  British  would  have  been 
inferior  in  guns,  aa  well  as  in  men  and  size,  to  the  French  frigate.  But, 
as  what  the  latter  wanted  in  weight  of  metal  was  amply  made  up  to  her  in 
number  of  men,  this  may  be  pronounced  a  tplerably  equal  match.  It 
was,  without  doubt,  a  well-contested  battle  j  and  it  was,  also,  the  first 
genuine  single-ship  action  of  the  year  (1796)  ;  no  intruding  vessel  of  either 
nation  having  made  her  appearance  during  the  combat.  The  Proserpine, 
under  the  name  of  the  Amelia,  was  admitted  into  the  British  navy  as  a 
cruising  38 ;  and,  from  her  size  and  sailing  properties,  became  a  valuable 
acquisition  to  her  class." 

•  See  Vol.  I.  note  f,  at  p.  798.  N.B.  Captain  King,  in  conjunction 
with  Brigadier-Generals  Maitland  and  Fuller,  settled  the  terms  of  capitula- 
tion. Rear-Adrniral  Duckworth,  in  his  last  despatch,  announcing  the 
surrender  of  the  islands,  says :  "  I  should  feel  very  remiss  were  I  to  close 
this  without  mentioning  to  their  Lordships  the  aid  I  have  received  from 
my  Captain,  E.  D.  King-,  in  this  harrassing  service." 


POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1801.  327 

led  them  to  suppose  that  he  was  in  communication  with  a 
fleet  astern.  This  ruse  de  guerreh&d  the-desired  effect ;  and 
M.  Villeneuve,  who  commanded  the  combined  force,  put  into 
Cadiz,  where  he  was  closely  reconnoitred  by  Captain  King, 
who  lost  no  time  in  reporting  what  had  occurred  to  his  chief, 
whom  h.6  joined  at  the  entrance  of  the  Straits.  The  ability 
and  zeal  which  Captain  King  had  thus  displayed,  were  fully 
testified  by  Vice-Admiral  Collingwood  in  his  public"  des- 
patches. 

Captain  King  continued  in  the  Enclymion  till  the  latter  end 
of  1806.  In  the  following  spring  he  was  appointed  to  the 
Monmouth  of  64  guris,  and  ordered  to  the  East  Indies  ;  from 
whence  he  convoyed  home  a  valuable  fleet  of  Indiamen.  He 
subsequently  commanded  the  Rodney  74,  on  the  Mediter- 
ranean station;  and  in  Nov.  1814,  was  appointed  to  the 
Cornwallis,  another  third  rate,  fitting  for  the  flag  of  Rear- 
Admiral  Burlton ;  buUthe  bad  state  of  his  health  at  that  pe- 
riod preventing  him  from  undertaking  a  voyage  to  India,  he 
resigned  the  command  of  that  ship  previous  to  her  quitting 
port ;  since  which  he  has  been  on  half  pay. 

Agents. — Messrs.  Barnett  and  King. 


WILLIAM  WALLER,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  is  a  son  of  the  late  Captain  Jacob  Waller, 
R.  N.  *  He  was  made  a  Lieutenant  into  the  Asia  of  64  guns, 
soon  after  the  commencement  of  the  French  revolutionary 
war,  and  served  on  shore  at  the  reduction  of  Martinique 
in  1794.  On  his  return  to  England  he  joined  the  Victorious 
74,  which  ship  formed  part  of  the  squadron  under  the  orders 
of  Sir  George  Keith  Elphinstone,  at  the  capture  of  the  Cape 
of  Good  Hope,  Sept.  16,  1795  t ;  and  afterwards  proceeded 
to  the  East  India  station. 

*  At  the  time  of  his  death  (1798),  Captain  Waller  commanded  the 
Saturn  74,  with  a  squadron  under  his  orders,  on  the  Irish  station.  He 
was  taken  in  a  fit  whilst  at  dinner  on  board  his  ship,  then  lying  in  the 
Cove  of  Cork,  and  survived  only  five  days.  t 

f  See  Vol.  I.  p.  47,  et  seq.  N.  B.  Lieutenant  Waller  on  this  occasion 
was  also  landed  with  a  party  of  seamen  to  co-operate  with  the  army.  Pas- 
sing through  the  village  of  Constantia  during  the  march  from  Simon's 


328  POST-CAPTAINS  OP  1801. 

On  the  9th  Sept.  1796,  the  Victorious,  in  company  with  the 
Arrogant  of  74  guns,  had  a  very  severe  action  off  Ceylon, 
with  six  heavy  French  frigates,  commanded  by  M.  de  Sercey. 
The  brunt  of  this  conflict  was  borne  by  the  Victorious,  whose 
loss  consisted  of  17  men  killed  and  56  wounded  ;  among  the 
latter  was  her  commander,  Captain  William  Clarke,  whose 
place,  on  his  being  carried  below,  was  most  ably  and  gallantly 
supplied  by  Lieutenant  Waller  *  :  the  Arrogant  had  7 
slain  and  27  wounded.  Both  ships  were  greatly  disabled  in 
their  masts,  yards,  rigging,  and  sails  ;  and  the  French  squa- 
dron received  so  much  damage,  as  to  be  under  the  necessity 
of  proceeding  to  Batavia,  where  three  out  of  the  six  frigates 
were  compelled  to  undergo  a  complete  repair.  The  delay  oc- 
casioned by  this  kept  de  Sercey  in  port  at  a  very  critical  season : 
and  so  far  the  action  contributed  to  preserve  from  spoliation 
much  valuable  British  property,  afloat  in  every  part  of  the 
eastern  hemisphere. 

Jn  the  following  year,  Lieutenant  Waller  was  removed  into 
the  Suffolk  74,  bearing  the  flag  of  Rear-Admiral  Rainier,  by 
whom  he  was  made  a  Commander,  and  appointed  to  the  Al- 
batross of  16  guns,  in  June  1799  j  but  that  vessel  being  in  the 
Red  Sea,  he  acted  as  Captain  of  la  Sybille  frigate,  until  he 
had  an  opportunity  of  joining  her. 

During  the  night  of  Nov.  12,  1800,  Captain  Waller  fell  in 
with,  and  after  a  smart  action,  during  which  the  enemy  at- 
tempted to  carry  the  Albatross  by  boarding,  captured  1'Adele 
French  privateer  of  12  guns,  pierced  for  16,  with  a  comple- 
ment of  60  men,  several  of  whom  were  killed  and  wounded. 
On  the  24th  March,  in  the  following  year,  he  had  also  the 
good  fortune  to  intercept  la  Gloire  of  10  guns,  pierced  for 
18,  and  130  men.  These  marauders  had  committed  great 
depredations  on  our  trade  ;  and  their  capture  was  considered 
of  so  much  importance,  that  the  Madras  Insurance  Compa- 
nies presented  Captain  Waller  with  a  sword  and  a  piece  of 

town,  one  of  the  sailors  swore, that  for  once  in  his  life  he  would 

swim  in  wine;  and  jumping  in  the  head  of  a  vat,  was  almost  immediately 
satiated  with  that  enticing'  beverage. 

*  The  first  Lieutenant  of  the  Victorious  was  absent  in  a  prize.  For  a 
detailed  account  of  the  action,  see  James's  Nav.  Hist.  v.  5.  p.  432,  et  seq. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1801.  329 

plate,  each  worth  200  pounds,  as  a  reward  for  the  services  he 
had  thus  rendered  to  their  interest  *. 

Captain  Waller's  post  commission  bears  date  Jan.  8, 1801. 
He  subsequently  commanded  the  Daedalus  of  32  guns  ;  which 
ship  returned  to  England  and  was  paid  off  inthesummerof  1803. 
From  the  time  of  his  joining  the  Rose  frigate  on  the  New- 
foundland station  (1789),  to  this  period,  he  had  never  been  a 
day  out  of  active  service.  His  next  appointment  was  pro  tern- 
pore,  to  the  Norge  74  ;  and  at  the  conclusion  of  the  war,  we 
find  him  fitting  out  the  Sceptre,  of  similar  force.  His  brother, 
John,  commanded  the  Serpent  sloop  of  war,  and  was  lost 
with  all  his  crew  on  the  West  India  station,  in  1807. 

Agents. — Messrs.  Cooke,  Halford,  and  Son. 


HENRY  VANSITTART,  ESQ. 

THIS  officer  is  a  son  of  George  Vansittart,  Esq.,  formerly 
M.  P.  for  Berkshire  (which  county  he  represented  many 
years),  by  Sarah,  daughter  of  the  late  Rev.  Sir  James  Ston- 
house,  Bart. 

He  was  born  at  Bisham  Abbey,  near  Marlow,  co.  Berks  ; 
entered  the  naval  service  under  the  protection  of  the  late 
Admiral  Sir  George  Bowyer  f  J  and  served  his  time  as  a 
Midshipman  on  board  the  Pegasus  of  28  guns,  commanded 
by  Captain  William  Domett,  on  the  .Newfoundland  station ; 
Hannibal  74,  Captain  John  Colpoys,  in  the  Channel ;  Rom- 
ney  50 ;  and  Princess  Royal  98,  bearing  the  flag  of  the  late 
Admiral  Goodall;  1'Aigle  frigate,  Captain  Samuel  Hoodj 
and  Victory  of  100  guns,  the  flag  ship  of  Lord  Hood  ;  the 
four  latter  ships  employed  in  the  Mediterranean,  from  whence 
he  returned  to  England  at  the  latter  end  of  1794. 

During  the  siege  of  Toulon  by  the  republican  army,  Mr. 
Vansittart,  although  very  young,  was  allowed,  after  repeated 
entreaties,  to  serve  as  a  volunteer  in  a  floating  battery,  where 

*  L'Adele  was  purchased  for  the  Hon.  East  India  Company,  and  la 
Gloire  for  the  King.  The  latter  was  a  very  fine  ship,  and  had  left  the 
Isle  of  France  with  190  men  on  board.  During  her  cruise,  she  took  six 
British  merchantmen,  and  sunk  several  others.  Seven  of  her  crew  were 
killed  and  15  wounded,  before  she  surrendered  to  the  Albatross, 
f  See  Vol.  I.  note  *  at  p.  720. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OV    1801. 

he  received  a  very  severe  wound  in  the  head,  from  a  heavy 
oak  splinter,  which  cut  through  the  skull  to  the  thin  mem- 
brane that  covers  the  brain,  and  passing  on,  took  off  the  thigh 
of  a  Spanish  bombardier.  He  was  at  the  same  time  slightly 
wounded  in  several  places  by  smaller  splinters  *.  In  1794, 
we  find  Mr.  Vansittart  employed  for  several  weeks  in  an  open 
boat  belonging  to  1' Aigle,  at  the  siege  of  Calvi ;  on  which  ser- 
vice he  was  also  a  volunteer.  For  his  zealous  conduct  and 
severe  sufferings  at  this  early  period  of  life,  he  was  rewarded 
with  a  Lieutenant's  commission,  and  appointed  to  the  Stately 
of  64  guns,  in  Feb.  1795. 

The  Stately  formed  part  of  the  squadron  under  Sir  George 
Keith  Elphinstone,  at  the  capture  of  the  Cape  of  Good  Hope, 
in  Sept.  1795.  During  the  operations  carried  on  against  that 
colony,  Lieutenant  Vansittart  commanded  a  company  of  sea- 
men belonging  to  the  second  naval  battalion,  landed  to  assist 
the  army.  The  Stately  was  subsequently  ordered  to  assist  in 
reducing  Columbo ;  but  that  place  appears  to  have  surrender- 
ed whilst  she  was  at  Trincomalee.  Previous  to  her  quitting 
the  Indian  seas,  the  scurvy  made  such  ravages  among  her 
crew,  as  obliged  her  to  put  into  St.  Augustin's  bay,  Madagas- 
car, where  Lieutenant  Vansittart  had  the  charge  of  preparing 
tenta  for  the  use  of  the  sick,  more  than  100  of  whom  were 
unable  to  move  from  their  hammocks.  The  disease  being  at 
length  subdued,  she  returned  to  the  Cape  of  Good  Hope  in 
time  to  assist  at  the  capture  of  a  Dutch  squadron  in  Saldanha 
bay;  after  which  the  subject  of  this  memoir  returned  to  Eng- 
land as  signal  Lieutenant  of  the  Monarch  74,  bearing  the  flag 
of  Sir  George  K.  Elphinstone,  under  whom  he  continued  to 
serve  in  that  ship  and  the  Queen  Charlotte,  a  first  rate^  till 
the  commencement  of  1798,  when  he  was  appointed  first 
Lieutenant  of  the  Maidstone  frigate,  commanded  by  Captain 
(now  Rear- Admiral)  Donnelly.  r;-*.t1 

»  The  floating  battery  mounted  four  heavy  guns  and  two  brass  mor- 
tars, the  latter  of  which  were  worked  by  Spanish  bombardiers.  She  was 
commanded  by  Lieutenant  Moriencourt  of  the  Princess  Royal,  who  had 
2  midshipman  and  48  men  under  his  orders.  The  first  of  the  enemy's 
batteries  to  which  she  was  opposed,  was  soon  effectually  silenced  ;  but  the 
fire  from  a  second,  erected  on  a  rising  ground,  proved  so  destructive  that 
only  9  men  were  left  fit  for  duty  ou  board  the  float. 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1801.  331 

Lieutenant  Vansittart  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  Com- 
mander in  the  Hermes  sloop  of  Avar,  about  Aug.  1/98  ;  re- 
moved into  the  Bonetta  about  Oct.  following  ;  and  during  the 
ensuing  year,  was  employed  convoying  the  trade  to  and  from 
Newfoundland  and  America,  [n  1800,  he  captured  several  of 
the  enemy's  armed  vessels  on  the  Jamaica  station,  where  he 
obtained  post  rank  in  the  Abergavenny  of  54  guns.  He 
subsequently  commanded  the  Thunderer  74,  and  Magicienne 
frigate ;  the  former  returned  to  Europe  with  the  squadron  under 
Sir  Robert  Calder,  who  had  gone  to  the  West  Indies  in  pursuit 
of  the  French  fleet  under  M.  Gantheaume ;  the  latter  was 
employed  conveying  a  number  of  disbanded  Dutch  troops 
from  Lyrnington  and  Jersey,  to. the  Texel  and  Helvoetsluys, 
after  the  peace  of  Amiens.  His  post  commission  bears  date 
Feb.  3,  1801. 

At  the  renewal  of  the  war  in  1803,  Captain  Vansittart  com- 
missioned the  Fortune e  frigate,  and  during  the  remainder  of 
the  year  we  find  him  blockading  the  rivers  Elbe  and  Weser, 
and  cruising  off  Boulogne.  On  the  2d  Feb.  1804,  he  sailed  for 
the  Jamaica  station,  where  he  was  most  actively  employed 
upwards  of  four  years ;  during  which,  and  the  two  years  pre- 
viously spent  there,  he  had  three  severe  attacks  of  the  yellow 
fever  *. 

In  the  summer  of  1806,  Captain  Vansittart  sailed  for  England, 
in  company  with  the  Surveillante  frigate^  Hercule  74,  an  armed 
schooner,  and  a  large  fleet  of  merchantmen.  When  off  the 
Havannah,  a  number  of  Spanish  vessels  were  discovered,  un- 
der the  protection  of  a  J4-gun  ship  and  two  gun-boats.  The 
Fortune  e  was  immediately  detached  in  pursuit  by  signal  from 
the  senior  officer,  Captain  (now  Rear-Admiral)  John  Bligh, 
and  assisted  by  the  schooner,  succeeded  in  capturing  the  gun- 
boats, and  upwards  of  twenty  sail,  deeply  laden  with  sugar,  &c. 

*  When  the  yellow  fever  made  its  appearance  on  board  the  Fortune*e, 
Captain  Vansittart  was  about  to  return  to  Jamaica  from  a  cruise  off  the 
Havannah.  Six  men  having  died  before  he  cleared  the  Gulf  of  Florida,  he 
pushed  for  the  Bermudas,  and  landed  all  the  sick  on  one  of  those  islands, 
\vhich  being  uninhabited  was  humanely  lent  to  him  for  that  purpose  by 
Mr.  Tucker,  the  President  (the  Governor  being  absent).  The  fever  went 
through  the  whole  of  his  crew,  but  fortunately  not  a  man  died  of  that 
disorder  from  the  time  of  his  arrival  there,  nor  indeed  during  the  re- 
mainder of  his  stay  in  the  West  Indies. 


332  POST-CAPTAIXS  OF  1801. 

The  line-of-battle  ship  being  close  in  with  the  Havannali, 
succeeded  in  effecting  her  escape.  Captain  Vansittart  on  this 
occasion  exhibited  a  noble  spirit  of  disinterestedness,  by  de- 
stroying the  whole  of  those  valuable  prizes,  in  order  that  the 
convoy  might  not  be  detained,  although  the  Spaniards  offered 
to  bring  off  from  the  shore  in  the  course  of  twelve  hours  a 
sum  sufficient  to  ransom  them.  A  few  days  after  this  event, 
he  obtained  intelligence  that  six  French  ships  of  the  line  were 
cruising  to  intercept  the  homeward  bound  fleet ;  this  squadron 
was  subsequently  seen,  but  successfully  avoided  through  the 
able  management  of  Captain  Bligh  and  his  brother  officers. 

Among  the  vessels  taken  by  the  Fortunee  during  her  va- 
rious cruises  in  the  West  In<Jies,  we  find  le  Vautour,  French 
privateer ;  a  Spanish  brig  laden  with  cocoa ;  le  Grand  Juge 
Bertolio,  French  schooner,  of  7  guns  and  51  men  ;  and  two 
Spanish  feluccas  laden  with  beef  and  flour :  the  latter  were 
destroyed. 

In  180J,  and  the  three  succeeding  years,  Captain  Vansittart 
was  employed  on  Channel  service,  and  the  Irish  station. 
Towards  the  latter  end  of  1810  he  conveyed  Rear- Admiral 
Freemantle  to  the  Mediterranean  ;  and  after  serving  for  some 
weeks  with  the  in- shore  squadron  off  Toulon,  was  ordered  to 
Algiers,  where  he  embarked  an  ambassador,  with  presents 
from  the  Dey  to  our  late  Sovereign.  Whilst  there  he  was 
presented  with  a  sword,  some  other  trifling  articles,  and  a  bag 
of  dollars ;  the  latter  he  instantly  returned  to  the  Dey,  at  the 
same  time  informing  him  that  a  British  officer  would  never 
receive  money  for  his  own  use  from  any  foreign  power,  but 
that  the  sword  he  should  retain,  and  ever  value  as  a  mark  of 
the  honor  conferred  on  him  by  his  Highness. 

On  the  llth  Oct.  1811,  Captain  Vansittart,  being  on  a 
cruise  to  the  westward,  with  the  Saldanha  frigate  under  his 
orders,  fell  in  with  and  captured  the  famous  French  ship  pri- 
vateer le  Vice-Amiral  Martin,  of  18  guns  and  140  men;  a 
vessel  which,  by  the  superiority  of  her  sailing,  and  the  dexte- 
rity of  her  manoeuvres,  had  often  escaped  from  other  British 
cruisers,  and  committed  great  depredations  on  our  commerce. 
In  the  spring  of  1812  he  was  appointed  to  the  Clarence  74  ; 
and  from  that  period  till  the  conclusion  of  the  war  he  appears  to 
havebeen  employed  blockading  the  Texel,  Brest,  and  Rochefort. 


POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1801.  333 

We  cannot  close  this  memoir  without  remarking  that  the 
subject  of  it,  with  the  exception  of  a  very  few  months  in 
1802-3,  was  never  a  day  out  of  commission  from  the  summer 
of  1791,  when  he  first  Avent  to  sea,  till  the  peace  of  1814,  a 
period  of  twenty-three  years. 

Captain  Vansittart  married,  in  1809,  a  daughter  of  the  Rev. 
John  Pennefather,  by  whom  he  has  three  sons  and  two  daugh- 
ters now  living.  His  surviving  brothers  are  George  Henry, 
a  General  in  the  army,  and  Edward,  in  holy  orders  ;  the  latter 
has  added  the  surname  of  Neale  to  that  of  his  own  family. 
His  first  cousin,  the  Right  Hon.  Nicholas  Vansittart,  many 
years  Chancellor  of  his  Majesty's  Exchequer,  an  upright 
statesman,  and  an  amiable  private  character,  has  recently  been 
created  a  peer,  by  the  title  of  Baron  Bexleyr 

Agent. — Thomas  Stillwell,  Esq. 


GEORGE  MUNDY,  ESQ. 

A  Companion  of  the  most  honorable  Military  Order  of  the  Bath ;  and 

M.  P.  for  Boroughbridge,  in  Yorkshire. 

THIS  officer  is  a  son  of  the  late  Edwfird  Miller  Mundy,  Esq. 
many  years  M.  P.  for  Derbyshire,  by  Frances,  daughter  of 
Godfrey  Meynell,  Esq.  of  Yeldersley,  in  the  same  county  *. 

*  The  Mundys  of  Derbyshire  are  an  ancient  and  most  respectable 
family,  branches  of  which  resided  at  Mocketon  and  Quardon.  Their 
estates  were  considerable,  and  they  still  flourish  at  Mackworth,  near 
Derby,  and  at  Marton.  Edward  Mundy,  Esq.  was  M.  P.  for  the  town  of 
Derby  in  1710  and  1713j  W.  Mundy,  Esq.  represented  Leicestershire 
in  1741. 

The  late  Edward  Miller  Mundy,  Esq.  by  his  union  with  Miss  Meynell, 
had  six  children  ;  viz.  first,  Frances,  married  Lord  Charles  Fitzroy,  brother 
of  the  Duke  of  Grafton,  a  General  in  the  army,  and  Colonel  of  the  48th 
regiment;  whose  son  married  Lady  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  Charles, 
fourth  Duke  of  Richmond.  Second,  Edward  Miller,  a  magistrate  for  the 
county  of  Derby.  Third,  Godfrey  Basil,  a  Major-General,  married  Sarah, 
daughter  of  the  celebrated  Admiral  Lord  Rodney.  Fourth,  George,  the 
subject  of  this  memoir.  Fifth,  Frederick,  Rector  of  Winston  upon  Tees, 
in  the  county  of  Durham.  Sixth,  Henry,  in  the  service  of  the  Hon.  East 
India  Company.  Mr.  Mundy's  second  lady  was  Georgiana,  widow  of 
Thomas,  fourth  Lord  Middleton,  by  whom  he  had  a  daughter,  who  married, 
in  1807,  Henry,  the  present  Duke  of  Newcastle.  By  his  third  marriage 
(with  Catherine,  relict  of  Richard  Barwell,  Esq.  of  Stanstead,  co.  Sussex), 
he  left  an  infant  son.  Mr.  Mundy  died  in  1822,  breathing  his  last  on  the 
evening  of  his  natal  day,  aged  72  years. 


334  POST-CAPTAINS  OF  1801. 

He  was  born  Mar.  3,  1777  5  a"d  after  completing  his  studies 
at  the  Royal  Naval  College  at  Portsmouth,  embarked  as  a 
Midshipman  on  board  the  Blanche  frigate,  commanded  by 
the  late  Vice-Admiral  Christopher  Parker,  whom  he  accom- 
panied to  the  West  Indies  ;  from  whence  he  was  obliged  to 
return  home  without  loss  of  time,  in  consequence  of  a  severe 
illness,  occasioned  by  fatigue  and  wet  during  an  excursion  in 
the  island  of  Teneriffe.  We  subsequently  find  him  serving 
on  board  the  Victory,  a  first  rate,  and  Juno  of  32  guns. 

On  the  llth  Jan.  1794,  the  Juno  had  a  very  singular  es- 
cape from  capture  at  Toulon,  the  particulars  of  which  will  be 
found  in  our  memoir  of  Captain  W.  H.  Webley  Parry,  C.  B. 
She  afterwards  assisted  at  the  reduction  of.  St.  Fiorenzo  in 
Corsica,  and  Mr.  Mundy  appears  to  have  borne  a  constant 
share  in  all  the  laborious  operations  carried  on  during  the 
siege  of  that  place. 

After  the  capture  of  St.  Fiorenzo  Mr.  Mundy  removed  with 
his  Captain,  the  late  Vice-Admiral  Sir  Samuel  Hood,  into 
1'Aigle  frigate,  and  was  present  in  her  at  the  reduction  of  Bastia 
and  Calvi.  He  then  proceeded  to  the  Archipelago,  and  on 
that  station  completed  his  time  as  a  Midshipman.  His  first 
commission  bears  date  Jan.  27,  1796. 

As  a  Lieutenant,  Mr.  Mundy  was  successively  appointed  to 
the  St.  George  and  Blenheim  second  rates ;  Victory  of  100 
guns  ;  and  Goliah  74,  on  the  Mediterranean  station. 

The  Blenheim  formed  part  of  the  fleet  under  Sir  John  Jer- 
vis  in  the  battle  off  Cape  St.  Vincent,  Feb.  14, 1/97  5  on  which 
memorable  occasion  she  had  12  men  killed  and  45  wounded. 
The  Goliah  had  the  distinguished  honor  of  leading  Sir  Hora- 
tio Nelson's  squadron  into  action  on  the  glorious  1st  Aug. 
1798;  and  during  the  conflict  sustained  a  loss  of  21  killed 
and  41  wounded*.  On  the  24th  Dec.  following  Lieutenant 
Mundy  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  Commander,  in  the  Trans- 
fer brig  of  14  guns. 

Early  in  March  1799,  the  Transfer  was  detached  from  the 
fleet  off  Cadiz,  to  cruise  in  company  with  the  Majestic  74, 
between  Malaga  and  Cape  de  Gatt.  A  few  days  after  they  fell 
in  with  a  French  privateer  of  the  same  force  as  the  Transfer, 
and  chased  her  into  a  small  bay,  where  she  obtained  shelter 

»  See  vol.  I.  p.  364  and  365. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF  1801.  335 

under  a  circular  fort  mounting  three  24  pounders.  The  boats 
of  the  Majestic  were  sent  in  to  destroy  her,  but  failed  in  the 
attempt.  The  next  day,  however,  the  Transfer  having  an- 
chored abreast  of  the  fort  to  cover  them,  they  succeeded  in 
boarding  and  setting  her  on  fire. 

From  this  period  Captain  Mundy  was  constantly  engaged 
in  operations  of  no  small  difficulty  and  hazard,  till  the  autumn 
of  1800,  when  he  was  appointed  to  the  Swan  sloop  of  war  on 
the  home  station  ;  in  which  vessel  he  remained  until  promoted 
to  post  rank,  Feb.  10,  1801.  His  subsequent  appointments 
were  to  the  Vengeance  /4,  Carysfort  28,  and  Hydra  of  38 guns. 

Captain  Mundy  obtained  the  command  of  the  Hydra  at  a 
time  when  Napoleon  Buonaparte  was  meditating  the  invasion 
of  Great  Britain  ;  and  that  frigate  was  one  of  those  selected 
to  watch  the  French  coast,  on  which  anxious  and  fatiguing 
service  she  continued  from  July  1803,  until  the  summer  of 
1804,  but  without  any  thing  remarkable  occurring  except  the 
capture  of  two  or  three  small  privateers.  Captain  Mundy 
afterwards  convoyed  a  fleet  of  merchantmen  to  Malta,  and 
then  proceeded  to  join  Lord  Nelson  off  Cape  St.  Sebastian, 
on  the  coast  of  Spain. 

In  April  1805,  when  Nelson  went  down  the  Mediterranean 
in  pursuit  of  the  French  squadron  which  had  escaped  from 
Toulon,  the  Hydra  was  left  under  the  orders  of  the  Hon. 
Captain  Capel,  to  assist  in  protecting* Sardinia,  Sicily,  &c. 
from  the  designs  of  the  enemy.  On  Nelson's  return  from  the 
West  Indies,  his  Lordship  received  a  letter  from  Vice- Admiral 
Collingwood,  in  which  we  find  the  following  mention  made 
of  the  subject  of  this  memoir — "  /  am  exceedingly  pleased 
with  Captain  Mundy  of  the  Hydra.  His  vigilance  and 
activity  are  exemplary  ;  he  is  a  clever  young  man." 

To  the  great  mortification  of  Captain  Mundy,  who  had 
been  employed  for  some  time  blockading  the  port  of  Cadiz, 
he  was  detached  to  procure  water,  stores,  and  provisions,  at 
Tetuan  and  Gibraltar,  but  a  very  few  days  before  the  sailing 
of  the  combined  fleets,  and  thus  prevented  being  present  at  a 
battle  which  gave  the  death  blow  to  Buonaparte's  favourite 
scheme  of  obtaining  the  empire  of  the  sea. 

After  this  great  event,  Captain  Mundy  was  directed  by 
Nelson's  gallant  successor  to  take  a  station  off  Cadiz  light- 


336  POST-CAPTAINS    OP    1801. 

house,  with  the  Moselle  of  18  guns  under  his  orders,  for  the 
purpose  of  closely  watching  four  French  frigates,  then  lying 
ready  for  sea  in  that  harbour.  His  vigilance  in  the  execution 
of  this  duty  was  soon  rewarded  by  the  capture  of  a  fine  French 
brig  mounting  18  guns,  with  a  complement  of  132  men.  The 
following  is  a  copy  of  his  official  letter  on  the  subject,  dated 
Feb.  27,  180G:— 

"  My  Lord, — I  have  the  honor  to  represent,  that  last  evening  at  a 
quarter  after  nine  o'clock,  Cadiz  light-house  bearing  East  three  miles,  while 
standing  in  shore  with  a  strong  easterly  wind,  we  discovered  the  enemy's 
squadron  of  frigates  already  outside  of  us,  the  Moselle  making  the  signal 
for  them  at  the  same  moment.  I  instantly  bore  up,  intending  to  steer  on  a 
parallel  with  the  enemy,  in  order  to  watch  their  movements .  We  had  the  sa- 
tisfaction to  find  that  we  gained  upon  them.  At  eleven,  seeing  they  steered 
a  steady  course,  I  commenced  firing  alarm  guns,  and  throwing  up  rockets, 
and  ordered  Captain  Carden  (whose  attention  and  assistance  has  been  very 
great  during  the  short  time  be  has  been  under  my  orders)  to  steer  W.  by 
N.  in  order  to  give  your  Lordship  the  intelligence.  At  thirty  minutes 
after  two  I  found  we  had  closed  the  squadron  considerably,  in  consequence 
of  their  having  altered  their  course  a  point  to  the  westward  ;  and  on  ob- 
serving one  of  them  to  be  much  astern  of  the  others,  I  thought  it  very 
possible  to  cut  her  off;  therefore  hauled  up,  and  after  a  chase  of  two 
hours,  succeeded  in  coming  up  with  her,  when  she  fired  a  broadside  at  our 
rigging,  and  surrendered.  I  find  her  to  be  le  Furet,  French  man  of  war 
brig,  commanded  by  Monsieur  Demay,  (Lieutenant  de  Vaisscau)  mount- 
ing 18  long  9-pounders,  but  pierced  for  20  guns,  with  a  complement  of 
132  men,  only  four  years  old,  and  of  the  largest  dimensions,  stored  and 
victualled  for  five  months,  of  all  species.  The  remaining  part  of  the 
squadron,  at  the  time  we  chased  the  above  vessel,  bore  about  S.  E.  by  S.  by 
compass,  and  were  steering  W.  N.  W.  Cape  St.  Mary  distant  forty  miles. 
From  the  prisoners  we  learn  that  the  squadron  consisted  of  PHortense, 
la  Themis,  la  Rhin,  and  1'Hermione  frigates,  and  le  Furet,  captured  by  H. 
M.  S.  Hydra.  The  frigates  are  provisioned  and  stored  for  six  months, 
and  have  each  700  men  on  board,  the  greater  part  soldiers.  I  have  the 
honor  to  be,  &c. 

(Signed)  "  G.  MUNDY." 

"  The  Right  Honourable  Lord  Collingwood, 
$c.  $c.  8fc." 

On  the  28th  April  following.  Captain  Mundy,  after  a  chase 
of  two  hundred  and  thirty  miles,  captured  the  Spanish  King's 
schooner  Argonauta,  pierced  for  12  guns,  but  having  only  4 
mounted,  bound  to  Buenos  Ayres  with  despatches.  He  sub- 
sequently escorted  a  fleet  of  transports  to  Sicily ;  conveyed 
the  British  Consul  to  Algiers  ;  attacked  and  dispersed  a 
division  of  gun- boats  on  the  coast  of  Grenada,  taking  one  and 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1801.  337 

driving  another  on  shore  ;  and  captured  the  Tigre,  a  Spanish 
schooner  letter  of  marque.    On  the  6th  Aug.  1807,  he  chased 
three  armed  polacres  into  the  harbour  of  Begu,  on  the  coast 
of  Catalonia,  and  having  reconnoitred  them  on  the  following 
morning,  deemed  an  attempt  on  them  practicable,  although 
they  were  under  the  protection  of  a  battery,  mounting  four 
26-pounders,  and  a  tower  on  one  side  of  the  anchorage,  and 
of  rocks  and  bushes  admirably  calculated  for  musketry  on  the 
other.     At  fifty  minutes  past  noon  the  Hydra  was  anchored, 
with  springs  on  her  cables,  at  the  entrance  of  the  port,  and 
began  the  attack.     A  smart  fire  was  returned  by  the  enemy, 
which  however  considerably  slackened  after  somewhat  more 
than  an  hour's  action ;  on  perceiving  which,  Captain  Mundy 
ordered  50  seamen   and  marines,  under  the  command  of 
Lieutenant  Edward  O'Brien  Drury,  to  land  on  the  flank  of 
the  enemy,  and  drive  them  from  their  guns,  whilst  the  frigate 
kept  up  a  heavy  fire  to  cover  the  boats  as  they  approached 
the  shore.     Disregarding  the  heavy  fire  to  which  they  were 
exposed  from  the  shipping  and  fort,  as  well  as  musketry  from 
the  rocks,  the  detachment  mounted  the  cliff  which  was  most 
.difficult  of  access,  and  attacked  the  fort  with  such  intrepidity, 
that  the  enemy  did  not  think  proper  to  await  their  closing, 
but  spiking  the  guns,  rushed  out  on  the  one  side  as  the  as- 
sailants entered  on  the  other.    The  bravery  and  success  of 
his  men  on  shore  gave  Captain  Mundy  an  opportunity  of  em- 
ploying the  Hydra's  broadside  solely  on  the  polacres,  from 
which  a  constant  fire  was  still  kept  up  on  the  land  party. 
On  gaining  the  battery,  Lieutenant  Drury  advanced  with  the 
seamen  and  a  few  marines  to  the  town,  leaving  the  remainder 
of  his  people  to  retain  possession  of  the  guns,  and  to  occupy 
the  heights  that  commanded  the  decks  of  the  vessels.    As  soon 
as  the  town  was  cleared  of  the  enemy,  the  crews  of  the  po- 
lacres landed  and  formed  in  groups  among  the  rocks  and 
bushes,  firing  on  the  British  seamen,  who  had  now  seized  the 
boats  on  the  beach,  and  were  boarding  the  vessels,  while 
another  part  of  the  enemy  had  gained  a  height  above  the 
marines,  and  kept  them  engaged,  notwithstanding  some  guns 
were  continually  playing  on  them  from  the  Hydra.     At  half- 
past  three,  observing  Lieutenant  Drury  in  full  possession  of 
the  polacres,  Captain  Mundy  sent  the  rest  of  the  boats  under 

VOL.  II.  Z 


338  POST-CAPTAINS   OF    1801. 

Lieutenant  James  Little,  to  assist  in  towing  them  out ;  and 
soon  after  had  the  satisfaction  of  seeing  them  rounding  the 
point ;  when  the  marines,  commanded  by  Lieutenants  Hayes 
and  Pengelly,  re-embarked  under  a  heavy  discharge  of  mus- 
ketry, the  enemy  having  collected  a  considerable  force  to 
harrass  them  in  their  retreat.  The  following  is  an  extract 
from  Captain  Mundy's  unassuming  narration  of  this  dashing 
enterprise,  in  a  letter  to  Lord  Collingwood. 

"  When  I  review  the  circumstances  attending  the  embarkation  of  this 
handful  of  men,  and  reflect  on  the  many  difficulties  they  had  to  surmount 
in  an  attack  on  a  fort  strongly  defended  by  nature  as  well  as  art,  then  op- 
posed to  more  than  three  times  their  own  force  for  two  hours,  succeeding 
in  possessing  themselves  of  the  vessels,  and  deliberately  laying  out  hawsers 
to  the  very  rocks  that  were  occupied  by  the  enemy,  and  warping  them  out 
against  a  fresh  breeze,  exposed  to  a  galling  fire  of  musketry ;  I  feel  per- 
fectly incapable  of  writing  a  panegyric  equal  to  their  merits :  but  it  has 
not  required  this  exploit  to  stamp  these  officers  with  the  character  of  cool 
judgment  and  determined  bravery.  During  the  term  of  four  years,  I  have 
witnessed  frequent  instances  of  the  gallantry  of  Lieutenants  Drury  and 
Hayes  ;  and  Lieutenant  Pengelly  (though  not  of  so  long  a  standing  in  the 
Hydra)  has  ever  been  a  volunteer  on  such  services.  I  have  also  the  great- 
est pleasure  in  adding,  that  the  above  mentioned  officers  speak  in  enthusi- 
astic terms  of  the  behaviour  of  all  employed  under  them.  To  your  Lord- 
ship's notice  and  protection,  therefore,  I  beg  most  strongly  to  recommend 
them.  The  conduct  of  the  rest  of  the  officers  and  ship's  company  fully 
equalled  my  utmost  wishes  :  to  the  tremendous  fire  they  kept  up  I  attri- 
bute the  smallness  of  our  loss  and  damage,  namely,  1  killed  and  2  wounded 
ou  board,  and  4  wounded  of  the  detachment ;  the  fore  and  mizt-n- top- 
masts, and  fore-top-sail-yard  shot  through,  a  few  shot  in  the  hull,  and  the 
rigging  triflingly  cut*." 

The  following  are  copies  of  Lord  Collingwood'a  reply,  and 
a  letter  from  Rear-Admiral  Purvis,  expressive  of  the  appro- 
bation of  the  board  of  Admiralty  : — 

"  Ocean,  off  Sicily,  \3th  Oct.  1807. 

"  Sir. — I  received  with  infinite  satisfaction  your  letter  of  the  /th  Aug., 
relating  your  proceedings  on  that  day,  when  you  attacked  and  captured 
three  of  the  enemy's  armed  ships  in  the  port  of  Begu,  where  they  were 
securely  moored  in  a  narrow  harbour,  and  defended  by  a  battery  of  consi- 
derable force.  The  gallantry  with  which  this  service  was  achieved  in  all  its 
parts,  both  on  board  the  Hydra,  and  by  the  party  which  lauded  under 
Lieutenant  Drury's  command,  was  worthy  of  the  judicious  arrangement 

*  The  prizes  proved  to  be  the  Prince  Eugene  of  16  twelve-pounders, 
and  130  men ;  Belle  Caroline  10  nine-pounders,  40  men  ;  and  Rosario 
4  six-pounders,  20  men. 


POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1801.  339 

which  was  made  at  the  commencement ;  and  will  doubtless  be  as  highly 
satisfactory  to  the  Lords  Commissioners  of  the  Admiralty,  as  it  is  gratify- 
ing to  me,  to  lay  the  high  merits  of  the  officers  and  ship's  company  of  the 
Hydra  before  their  Lordships.  I  am,  Sir,  with  great  esteem,  &c.  &c.  &c- 
"  Captain  Mundy,  Hydra.'1  (Signed)  "  COLLINGWOOD." 

"Atlas,  off  Cadiz,  30th  Oct.  1807. 

"  Sir. — Having  transmitted  to  iny  Lords  Commissioners  of  the  Admi- 
ralty a  copy  of  your  letter  to  Lord  Collingwood,  dated  the  7th  of  Aug. 
last,  giving  his  Lordship  an  account  of  the  very  gallant  attack  made  by 
you  in  his  Majesty's  ship  Hydra,  on  three  of  the  enemy's  privateers,  which 
had  been  chased  into  the  Spanish  port  of  Begu,  and  by  a  party  of  the 
seamen  and  marines  under  the  direction  of  Lieutenant  Drury,  who  after 
having  gained  possession  of  the  battery  which  defended  the  harbour,  and 
driven  the  enemy  from  the  town,  succeeded  in  capturing  and  bringing 
away  the  above  privateers,  with  a  trifling  loss  on  the  part  of  the  captors ;  1 
have  their  Lordships  directions  to  express  to  you  their  satisfaction  at  the 
successful  manner  in  which  this  enterprising  attempt  was  planned  and  ex- 
ecuted ;  and  their  approbation  of  the  good  conduct  and  gallantry  displayed 
by  you  and  the  officers  and  men  of  the  Hydra,  and  particularly  by 
Lieutenant  Drury,  and  the  other  officers,  seamen,  and  marines,  who  were 
engaged  with  him  on  this  occasion ;  to  all  of  whom  you  will  be  pleased  to 
make  known  their  Lordships'  high  approbation.  I  have  the  honor  to  be, 
&c.  &c.  &c. 

"  Captain  Mundy,  Hydra-"  (Signed)        "  J.  C.  PURVIS." 

On  the  2/th  Feb.  in  the  following  year,  Captain  Mundy 
being  on  a  cruise  off  Carthagena,  discovered  six  ships  of  the 
line  coming  out  of  that  harbour.  Awarje  of  the  importance  of 
ascertaining  the  enemy's  destination,  he  diligently  observed 
their  movements ;  and  although  from  foggy  and  blowing 
weather,  and  other  untoward  circumstances,  he  frequently 
lost  sight  of  them,  yet  by  dint  of  perseverance  and  good 
judgment,  he  succeeded  in  dogging  them  until  they  anchored 
off  Palma,  the  capital  of  Majorca,  from  whence,  after  watch- 
ing them  for  several  days  without  perceiving  any  disposition 
on  their  part  to  stir,  he  sailed  to  Gibraltar,  to  refit  his  frigate 
and  complete  her  stores. 

The  Hydra,  however,  had  by  this  time  become  scarcely 
sea-worthy,  and  a  temporary  repair  being  considered  insuffi- 
cient, the  commander-in-chief  found  it  expedient  to  send  her 
home  with  upwards  of  100  sail  of  merchant  vessels  under  her 
protection,  the  whole  of  which  arrived  safely  in  England 
about  the  middle  of  July. 

Towards  the  latter  end  of  November    1808,  the   Hydr 

z2 


340  POST-CAPTAINS    OF    1801. 

having  undergone  a  complete  repair,  Captain  Mundy  was 
ordered  to  convoy  the  outward  bound  trade  to  the  Mediter- 
ranean ;  and  soon  after  his  arrival  there  we  find  him  em- 
ployed on  the  coast  of  Catalonia  with  the  Leonidas  frigate 
and  some  smaller  vessels  under  his  orders,  for  the  purpose  of 
assisting  the  Spaniards,  who  had  already  manifested  much 
courage  in  resisting  the  aggressions  of  the  French  forces  in 
that  province.  Captain  Mundy  commenced  his  operations 
by  attacking  the  enemy's  detachments  passing  from  the  east- 
ward to  Barcelona.  The  following  is  a  copy  of  his  first  re- 
port to  Lord  Collingwood,  dated  Feb.  1,  1809 : — 

"  MY  LORD. — According  to  the  orders  of  Vice-Admiral  Thornbrough, 
I  have  sent  the  Cyane  to  Minorca,  to  receive  any  instructions  or  orders 
that  may  be  there  for  me  ;  and  I  take  the  occasion  to  represent  to  your 
Lordship,  that  on  receiving  information  on  the  30th  inst.  that  the  French 
troops  under  the  Governor  of  Barcelona,  General  Lecchi,  had  taken  pos- 
session of  Mataro  but  two  days  before,  I  immediately  shaped  a  course  for 
that  place  ;  but  observing  a  party  of  French  erecting  a  battery  on  Mongat, 
I  anchored  the  ships,  and  drove  them  from  their  woflc ;  and  finding  that 
the  station  was  extremely  eligible  in  point  of  preventing  the  plunder  and 
'ammunition  of  the  army  from  getting  to  Barcelona,  as  we  completely 
com